- Taite, Lakeshia J. and Rowland, Maude L. and Ruffino, Katie A. and Smith, Bryan R. E. and Lawrence, Michael B. and West, Jennifer L., Bioactive hydrogel substrates: Probing leukocyte receptor-ligand interactions in parallel plate flow chamber studies,
ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 34 no. 11
pp. 1705--1711 [doi] .
(last updated on 2012/02/23)
The binding of activated integrins on the surface of leukocytes facilitates the adhesion of leukocytes to vascular endothelium during inflammation. Interactions between selectins and their ligands mediate rolling, and are believed to play an important role in leukocyte adhesion, though the minimal recognition motif required for physiologic interactions is not known. We have developed a novel system using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels modified with either integrin-binding peptide sequences or the selectin ligand sialyl Lewis X (SLe(X)) within a parallel plate flow chamber to examine the dynamics of leukocyte adhesion to specific ligands. The adhesive peptide sequences arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine (RGDS) and leucine-aspartic acid-valine (LDV) as well as sialyl Lewis X were bound to the surface of photopolymerized PEG diacrylate hydrogels. Leukocytes perfused over these gels in a parallel plate flow chamber at physiological shear rates demonstrate both rolling and firm adhesion, depending on the identity and concentration of ligand bound to the hydrogel substrate. This new system provides a unique polymer-based model for the study of interactions between leukocytes and endothelium as well as a platform to develop improved scaffolds for cardiovascular tissue engineering.