- Wan, Andrew C. A. and Mao, Hai-Quan and Wang, Shu and Phua, Su Hui and Lee, Gin Ping and Pan, Jisheng and Lu, Shen and Wang, Jun and Leong, Kam W., Poly(phosphoester) ionomers as tissue-engineering scaffolds,
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials, vol. 70 no. 1
pp. 91 - 102 .
(last updated on 2007/04/13)
Regenerative medicine requires scaffolds of divergent physicochemical properties for different tissue-engineering applications. To this end, a series of biodegradable poly-(phosphoester) ionomers of the general composition [p(BHET-EOP-HOP/TC)] was synthesized, with BHET(bis-hydroxyl ethylene phosphate):EOP(ethylene phosphate):HOP(free phosphate) ratios of 60:20:20, 70:10:20, and 75:5:20, respectively. The 60/20/20 ionomer possessed the best tensile properties, exhibiting an average tensile modulus of 68 MPa and strain at break of 31%. Calcium treatment of the ionomer films led to significantly higher hardness and elastic moduli as measured by indentation. Calcium binding was evident from the increase in glass transition and melting temperatures, and a shift in the P->O absorption in the FTIR spectrum. Stable N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (NHS) of the ionomers could be synthesized to facilitate derivatization, as demonstrated by conjugation of GRGDS in this study. The polymers conjugated with NHS were hydrolyzed in a biphasic mode, with a fast initial phase occurring in the first few hours, followed by a slower phase in the next few days. These ionomers represent a novel class of biomaterials with readily controllable physical and chemical attributes for tissue engineering. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Scaffolds;Tissue;Biodegradation;Elastic moduli;Polymers;Strain;Glass transition;Indentation;Biomaterials;Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy;Absorption;