- Lin, Steve T. and Krebs, Steve L. and Kadiyala, Sudha and Leong, Kam W. and LaCourse, William C. and Kumar, Binod, Development of bioabsorbable glass fibres,
Biomaterials, vol. 15 no. 13
pp. 1057 - 1061 [0142-9612(94)90091-4] .
(last updated on 2007/04/13)
Calcium-iron phosphate glasses with an iron oxide content ranging from 5 wt.% to 22 wt.% were prepared to investigate the effect of iron oxide on the properties of the glass. It was found that the dissolution rate, the fibre strength and the glass transition temperature were strongly affected by iron oxide. The glass dissolution rate exhibited a 50-fold reduction while the fibre strength doubled when the iron oxide content was increased from 5 wt.% to 22 wt.%. The phosphate glass containing 22 wt.% of iron oxide had a dissolution rate of about 5 μg/(cm2 day). The fibres drawn from this glass also exhibited the highest tensile strength over 1000 MPa. A cortical bone plug method was used to assess the biocompatibility of the glasses with the hard and soft tissues. The tissues surrounding the samples showed no inflammation at 9 wk.
Phosphates;Iron oxides;Dissolution;Strength of materials;Biocompatibility;Biodegradation;Tissue;Thermodynamic properties;Bone;Tensile strength;