- Hochmuth, R.M. and Buxbaum, K.L. and Evans, E.A., Temperature dependence of the viscoelastic recovery of red cell membrane,
Biophys. J. (USA), vol. 29 no. 1
pp. 177 - 82 .
(last updated on 2007/04/10)
The time-dependent recovery of an elongated red cell is studied as a function of temperature. Before release, the elongated cell is in static equilibrium where external forces are balanced by surface elastic force resultants. Upon release, the cell recovers its initial shape with a time-dependent exponential behavior characteristic of a viscoelastic solid material undergoing large (`finite') deformation. The recovery process is characterized by a time constant, tc, that decreases from ~0.27 s at 6°C to 0.06 s at 37°C. From this measurement of the time constant and an independent measurement of the shear modulus of surface elasticity for red cell membrane, the value for the membrane surface viscosity as a function of temperature can be calculated