- Baer, A.E. and Setton, L.A., The micromechanical environment of intervertebral disc cells: effect of matrix anisotropy and cell geometry predicted by a linear model,
Trans. ASME, J. Biomech. Eng. (USA), vol. 122 no. 3
pp. 245 - 51 [1.429655] .
(last updated on 2007/04/10)
Cells of the intervertebral disc exhibit spatial variations in phenotype and morphology that may be related to differences in their local mechanical environments. In this study, the stresses, strains, and dilatations in and around cells of the intervertebral disc were studied with an analytical model of the cell as a mechanical inclusion embedded in a transversely isotropic matrix. In response to tensile loading of the matrix, the local mechanical environment of the cell differed among the anatomic regions of the disc and was strongly influenced by changes in both matrix anisotropy and parameters of cell geometry. The results of this study suggest that the local cellular mechanical environment may play a role in determining both cell morphology in situ and the inhomogeneous response to mechanical loading observed in cells of the disc
biomechanics;cellular biophysics;physiological models;