- A. N. Kolmogorov and M. Calandra and S. Curtarolo, Thermodynamic stabilities of ternary metal borides: An ab initio guide for synthesizing layered superconductors,
Physical Review B, vol. 78 no. 9
(September, 2008) .
(last updated on 2009/08/04)
Density-functional theory calculations have been used to identify stable layered Li-M-B crystal structure phases derived from a recently proposed binary metal-sandwich (MS) lithium monoboride superconductor. We show that the MS lithium monoboride gains in stability when alloyed with electron-rich metal diborides; the resulting ordered Li2(1-x)MxB2 ternary phases may form under normal synthesis conditions in a wide concentration range of x for a number of group-III-V metals M. In an effort to preselect compounds with the strongest electron-phonon coupling we examine the softening of the in-plane boron phonon mode at Gamma in a large class of metal borides. Our results reveal interesting general trends for the frequency of the in-plane boron phonon modes as a function of the boron-boron bond length and the valence of the metal. One of the candidates with a promise to be an MgB2-type superconductor, Li2AlB4, has been examined in more detail: According to our ab initio calculations of the phonon dispersion and the electron-phonon coupling lambda, the compound should have a critical temperature of similar to 4 K.