- Hsia, S.L. and Tan, T.Y. and Smith, P.L. and McGuire, G.E., Formation mechanism of epitaxial CoSi2 films on (001) Si using Ti-Co bimetallic layer source materials,
Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 280
pp. 603 - 608 .
(last updated on 2007/04/10)
The mechanism of formation of epitaxial CoSi2 film on (001) Si substrate, produced using sequentially deposited Ti-Co bimetallic layer source materials for which Ti was deposited onto the Si substrates first, has been studied by studied by observing the Co silicide formation processes and structures in samples prepared by isochronal annealing and by isothermal annealing. The results demonstrated that, in leading to epitaxial CoSi2 film formation, Ti has played two roles. It has served as a barrier material to Co atoms and thus preventing Co2Si from forming. More importantly, it has allowed nucleation and growth of epitaxial CoSi2 to dominate the Co silicide film formation process, apparently because it has served as a cleanser to remove native oxide from the Si substage surface.