Publications of Ronald R. Butters


  1. Butters, RR. The Death of Black English: Divergence and Convergence in White and Black Vernaculars. Peter Lang, Bamberger Beitrage zur Englischen Sprachwissenschaft, 25, 1989.
  2. Miller, M. Dynamics of a Sociolinguistic System: English Plural Formation in Augusta, Georgia. Edited by Butters, RR; W Kretzschmar, J; Rice, C. SAGE Publications, 1999.
  3. Butters, RR. Trademarks as Linguistic Objects.  in progress. 2007 pages pp.

Essays/Articles/Chapters in Books

  1. Leroy, M. "Main Trends in Modern Linguistics." U of California P, 1967; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Summer, 1969): 569-70.
  2. Butters, RR. "Report of the Twenty-Second Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Studies." American Speech Ed. Brien, RJO; 1971, GUP. 41 (1969): 287-92.
  3. Butters, RR. "Lexical Selection and Linguistic Deviance." Papers in Linguistics 1.1 (1969): 170-81.  Revision of paper read at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics meeting in Gainesville, FL, 1969
  4. "On the Interpretation of ’Deviant Utterance’." Journal of Linguistics 6.1 (1970): 105-10.
  5. Lyons, J; Butters, R,. "Noam Chomsky." The Viking Press, 1970; Richmond Times Dispatch  (1971)
  6. Butters, RR. "Dialect Variants and Linguistic Deviance." Foundations of Language 7.2 (1971): 239-54.
  7. Butters, RR. "On the Notion ’Rule of Grammar’ in Dialectology." Papers From the Seventh Regional Meeting Chicago, Linguistic Society, Apr. 16 18, 1971(Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society)  (1971): 307-15.
  8. Butters, RR. "Results of Questionnaire [Concerning Variation Theory]." Lectological Newsletter 1 (1972): 1-11.  with Derek Bickerton, Henrietta Cedergren, David Sankoff, Gillian Sankoff, Charles-James N. Bailey, & Ralph Fasold
  9. Butters, RR. "Competence, Performance, and Variable Rules." Language Sciences 20 (1972): 29-32.
  10. Butters, RR. "A Linguistic View of Negro Intelligence." The Clearing House 46.5 (1972): 259-63.  Reprinted in Current Readings in Urban Education., Ed. by Richard R. Heidenreich (Arlington VA: College Readings, Inc., 1972), 223-27
  11. Turner, PR; ed, ; Butters, R,. "Bilingualism in the Southwest." U of Arizona P, 1973; Choice  (1973): 1434-1434.
  12. Palmer, LR; Butters, R,. "Descriptive and Comparative Linguistics: A Critical Introduction." Crane, Russak and Co., 1971; Choice  (1973): 654-654.
  13. Butters, RR. "A Survey of Linguistic Science, Univ. of Maryland Linguistics Program, 1971; and Linguistics in the 1970’s, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1971." American Speech Ed. Dingwall, WO. 45 (1973): 122-29.
  14. Butters, RR. "Black English -Z: Some Theoretical Implications." American Speech 48.1-2 (1973): 37-45.  Revision of paper read at the Linguistic Society of America Winter Meeting in St. Louis, MO, 1971
  15. Butters, RR. "Acceptability Judgments for Double Modals in Southern Dialects." New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English. Ed. Bailey, C-JN; Shuy, RW. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP, 1973. 276-86. Papers from the First Annual NWAVE Conference
  16. Butters, RR. "Variability in Indirect Questions." American Speech 49.3-4 (1974): 230-34.
  17. Wakelin, MF; Butters, R,. "English Dialects." Humanities Press, 1972; Choice  (1975): 1862-1862.
  18. Liles, BL; Butters, R,. "An Introduction to Linguistics." Prentice Hall, 1975, Choice  (October, 1975)
  19. Hewes, GW; Butters, R,. "Language Origins: A Bibliography." Mouton, 1975; Choice  (1976): 204-204.
  20. Butters, RR. "The Basics in Grammar." Arizona English Bulletin 18.2 (1976): 42-44.
  21. Butters, RR. "More on Indirect Questions." American Speech 51.1/2JSTOR, (1976): 57-57.
  22. Bailey, C-J; Butters, R,. "Variation and Linguistic Theory." Center for Applied Linguistics, 1973; Language Sciences  (April, 1976): 32-35.
  23. Reed, CE; Butters, R,. "Dialects of American English." 2nd Ed., U of Massachusetts P, 1977; Choice  (1977): 1354-1354.
  24. Butters, RR. "Why Teach Modern Grammar?." Questions English Teachers Ask. Ed. Shuman, RB. Rochelle Park, NJ: Hayden, 1977. 143-54.
  25. Dillard, JL; Butters, R,. "American Talk: Where Our Words Came From." Random House, 1976; Choice  (May, 1977): 364-364.
  26. Wardhaugh, R; Brown, HD; Butters, R,. "A Survey of Applied Linguistics." U of Michigan P, 1978; Choice  (June, 1977): 527-527.
  27. Brandes, PD; Brewer, J; Butters, R,. "Dialect Clash in English: Issues and Answers." The Scarecrow Press, 1977; Choice  (December, 1977): 1354-1354.
  28. Raymond, JC; Russell, IW; Butters, R,. "James B. McMillan, Essays in Linguistics by his Friends." U of Alabama P, 1978; Choice  (1978): 684-684.
  29. Burkett, EM; Butters, R,. "American English Dialects in Literature." The Scarecrow Press, 1978; Choice  (1979): 53-53.
  30. Wolfram, W; Christian, D; Butters, R,. "Appalachian Speech,." Center for Applied Linguistics, 1978; Language 55 (1979): 460-63.
  31. Pyles, T; Butters, R,. "Selected Essays on English Usage." Ed. by John Algeo, U of Florida P, 1970; South Atlantic Quarterly  (1980): 460-61.
  32. Ortony, A; ed, ; Butters, R,. "Metaphor and Thought." Cambridge Up, 1979; Choice  (1980): 96-96.
  33. McCawley, JD; Butters, R,. "Adverbs, Vowels, and Other Objects of Wonder." U of Chicago P, 1979; Choice  (1980): 138-138.
  34. Ricoeur, P; Butters, R,. "The Rule of Metaphor, tr. by Robert Czerny U of Toronto P, 1977; and Samuel R. Levin, The Semantics of Metaphor, Johns Hopkins P, 1977." Journal of Linguistics  (1980): 263-69.
  35. Butters, RR. "Remedial English, Social Dialects, and the Academically ’Elite’ University." Duke University Academic Skills Center Working Papers  (1980)
  36. Butters, RR. "Narrative Go 'Say'." American Speech 55.4JSTOR, (1980): 304-304.
  37. Valdman, A; Highfield, A; Butters, R,. "Theoretical Orientations in Creole Studies." Academic Press, 1980; Choice  (1981): 159-159.
  38. Feagin, C; Butters, R,. "Variation and Change in Alabama English." Georgetown Up, 1979; Language 57 (1981): 735-38.
  39. Hughes, A; Trudgill, P; Butters, R,. "English Accents and Dialects." University Park Press, 1979; American Speech 56 (1981): 234-36.
  40. Raven I McDavid, J. "Dialects in Culture." , Ed. by William A. Kretzschmar, Jr., Et. Al., U of Alabama P, 1970; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Winter, 1981): 113-15.
  41. Butters, RR. "Another Point of View." Faculty Newsletter, Duke University 2.7 (1981): 9-9.
  42. Butters, RR. "Do ’Conceptual Metaphors’ Really Exist?." The Secol Bulletin 5.3 (1981): 108-17.  First read as a paper at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics meeting in Richmond, VA, 1981
  43. Butters, RR. "A Comment on Sociolinguistics and Teaching Black-Dialect Writers." College English 43.6 (1981): 633-36.
  44. Spears, RA; Butters, R,. "Slang and Euphemism: A Dictionary." Jonathan David Publisher, 1981; Choice  (1982): 55-56.
  45. Butters, RR. "Dialect at Work: Eudora Welty’s Artistic Purposes." Mississippi Folklore Register 16.2 (1982): 33-40.
  46. Butters, RR. "Quotative like." American Speech 57.2 (1982): 149-149.
  47. Butters, RR. "More on duck butter." American Speech 57.2 (1982): 107-107.
  48. Butters, RR. "Dropping the /h/ from who." American Speech 57.2 (1982): 43-43.
  49. Butters, RR. "On Language." The New York Times Magazine  (July, 1982)
  50. Lakoff, G; Johnson, M. "Metaphors We Live By." U of Chicago P, 1980; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Winter, 1983): 128-29.
  51. Fiengo, R; Butters, R,. "Surface Structure: The Interface of Autonomous Components." Harvard Up, 1980; American Speech 58 (1983): 188-188.
  52. Koster, D; ed, ; Butters, R,. "American Literature and Language: A Guide to Information Sources." Gale Research Co., 1982; American Speech 58 (1983): 188-188.
  53. Quinn, J; Butters, R,. "American Tongue and Cheek: A Populist Guide to Our Language." Pantheon, 1981; American Speech 58 (1983): 60-60.
  54. Rawson, H; Butters, R,. "A Dictionary of Euphemisms and Other Doubletalk." Crown Publishers, 1981; American Speech 58 (1983): 60-60.
  55. Bickerton, D. "Roots of Language." Karoma Press, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Fall, 1983): 356-58.
  56. Butters, RR. "Talkin’ Like a Native." The Guide  (1983): 21-21.
  57. Butters, RR. "-Ologies, -isms, and Dictionary Marking." The Guide  (1983): 26-27.  Reprinted in the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, 12 Sept. 1983
  58. Butters, RR. "Final Vowels in English." The Secol Review 7.2 (1983): 1-12.
  59. Butters, RR. "Syntactic Change in British English ’Propredicates’." Journal of English Linguistics 16 (1983): 1-7.
  60. Butters, RR. "Sunbelt English." The New York Times Magazine  (August, 1983): 11-12.
  61. Butters, RR. "-Ologies and -ologists." American Speech 59.3 (1984): 266-67.  Stewart Campbell Aycock, 2nd author
  62. Butters, RR. "Three Traps that Prevent One From Thinking Straight." How to Think Straight Series, Office of the President, Duke University  (1984)
  63. Butters, RR. "When is English 'Black English Vernacular'?." Journal of English Linguistics 17.1SAGE Publications, (March, 1984): 29-36.  First read as a paper at the Tenth Annual NWAVE Conference, Philadelphia, 1981
  64. Viereck, W; Schneider, EW; Gorlach, M. "A Bibliography of Writings on Varieties of English." John Benjamins, 1984; American Speech 60 (Spring, 1985): 88-88.
  65. Butters, RR. "Review Essay: Current Trends in Variation Theory." Language Problems and Language Planning  (Fall, 1985): 215-27.
  66. Butters, RR. "More Medical Words the Doctor May Not Know." North Carolina Medical Journal  (1985): 384-384.  Jeremy Sugarman, first author
  67. Butters, RR. "More on Irony Versus Sarcasm." The Metaphor Research Newsletter 4.2 (1985): 4-7.
  68. Butters, RR. "Old Curiosity Shop." American Speech 60.3 (1985): 249-249.  on There you go! as an affirmative interjection
  69. Sugarman, J; Butters, RR. "Understanding the patient: medical words the doctor may not know.." North Carolina Medical Journal 46.7 (July, 1985): 415-417.  Jeremy Sugarman, first author
  70. Urdang, L; al, E; Butters, R,. "-Ologies and -Isms." 3rd Ed., Gale Research, 1986; American Speech 61 (1986): 280-280.
  71. Brooks, C; Butters, R,. "The Language of the American South." U of Georgia P, 1985; South Atlantic Review  (1986): 183-85.
  72. Butters, RR. "Levels of Usage." chapter 11b of The Heath Handbook, 11th edition.  1986. 118-23. Revision of 10th edition, chapter 8d
  73. Butters, RR. "The English of Blacks in Wilmington, N.C.." Language Variation in the South: Perspectives in Black and White. Ed. Montgomery, M; Bailey, GM. U of Alabama P, 1986. 255-64. Ruth M. Nix, 2nd author; read in Columbia, SC, 1981; invited conference paper
  74. Butters, RR. "Existential and Causative have . . . to." American Speech 61.2 (1986): 184-90.  [Kristin Stettler, 2nd author] First read as a paper at the 14th Annual NWAVE Conference, Georgetown University, 1985
  75. Butters, RR. "Query: Sorry ’excuse me’." American Speech 61.1 (1986): 60-60.
  76. BUTTERS, RR. "THE TREATMENT OF SOUNDS IN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE - CHAPMAN,R." South Atlantic Quarterly 85.2 (1986): 208-209.
  77. Edwards, V; Butters, R,. "Language in a Black Community, Multilingual Matters, 1986." Language Problems and Language Planning 11 (1987)
  78. Pepicello, WJ; Green, TA. "The Language of Riddles: New Perspectives." Ohio State Up, 1984; International Journal of the Sociology of Language 65 (1987): 112-15.
  79. Newbrook, M; Butters, R,. "Sociolinguistic Reflexes of Dialect Interference in West Wirral, Lang, 1986." English World Wide 8 (1987): 304-7.
  80. Butters, RR. "Linguistic Convergence in a North Carolina Community." Variation in Language: Nwav Xv at Stanford Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference on New Ways of Analyzing Variation Ed. al, KMDE. Stanford University: Department of Linguistics, (1987): 52-60.
  81. Butters, RR. "Query: Crash space." American Speech 62.3 (1987): 241-241.
  82. Butters, RR. "For the Nonce." American Speech 62.2 (1987): 176-77.  Cynthia Y. Krueger, first author
  83. Butters, RR. "Old Curiosity Shop." American Speech 60.2 (1987): 184-184.  on wake 'hold a wake for' as transitive verb
  84. Butters, RR. "Thomas Wolfe’s ’Esymplastic’ Power." American Speech 62.1 (1987): 83-84.
  85. BUTTERS, RR. "MORE ON SINGULAR YALL." American Speech 62.2 (1987): 191-192.  Stewart Campbell Aycock, 2d author
  86. BUTTERS, RR. "MEDIA WATCH - SUBREPTION OF PRONOUNS." American Speech 62.2 (1987): 190-191.
  87. Butters, RR. "Verbal -s as Past-Time Indication in Various Narratives." Papers From the Seventh Annual Spring Linguistic Colloquium, Linguistic Circle of the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: UNC Curriculum in Linguistics, (March, 1987): 9-18.
  88. Kato, K; Butters, RR. "American Instances of Propredicate Do." Journal of English Linguistics 20.2SAGE Publications, (October, 1987): 212-216.  Kazuo Kato, first author
  89. Dynes, W; Butters, R,. "Homolexis." Gay Academic Union, 1985; American Speech 63 (1988): 175-76.
  90. Butters, RR. "The Historical Present as Evidence of Black/White Convergence/Divergence." Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 1987. Ed. Thomas, AR. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters, 1988. 637-49.
  91. Butters, RR. "Lesson." Collective Wisdom: A Sourcebook of Lessons for Writing Teachers. Ed. Stang, SJ; Wittenberg, R. Random House, 1988. 348-49.
  92. Butters, RR. "The Problem of Special-Admission Undergraduates." The Academic's Handbook. Ed. DeNeef, AL; Goodwin, CD; McCrate, ES. Durham: Duke UP, 1988. 166-71. Reprinted in The Academic's Handbook, 2nd ed. Ed. by A. Leigh DeNeef and Craufurd D. Goodwin [Duke UP, 1995], 211-15 [Christopher Kennedy, 2nd author]
  93. Brasch, WM. "Black English and the Mass Media." U of Massachusetts P, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly  (1989): 106-7.
  94. BUTTERS, RR. "CIS-ATLANTIC HAVE-DONE." American Speech 64.1 (1989): 96-96.
  95. Kabakchi, VV; Butters, RR. "Are Permafrost and Vernalization Loan Translations from Russian?." American Speech 64.3JSTOR, (1989): 287-287.  Viktor V. Kabakchi, first author
  96. "Foreword." South Atlantic QuarterlyDisplacing Homophobia. Ed. Ron Butters, John Clum, and Michael Moon. 88 (Winter, 1989): 1-5. 1989. 1-5.
  97. Butters, RR. "Highlighter: A Legally Generic Name?." American Speech 65 (1990): 340-340.
  98. Butters, RR. "Proactive: A New Meaning?." American Speech 65 (1990): 274-274.
  99. Leeds, B; Butters, R,. "Fairy Tale Rap: "Jack and the Beanstalk" and Other Stories." 1990; American Speech 66 (1991): 104-104.
  100. Preston, D; Butters, R,. "Perceptual Dialectology, Foris, 1989." Language in Society 20 (1991): 294-99.
  101. Butters, RR. "Whose Language Is It, Anyway? It Belongs to Thee." The Winter's Tale: An Interstate Adventure. New York: Cornerstone Theater Co., 1991. 5-5.
  102. Butters, RR. "More on short end of the stick." American Speech 66 (1991): 336-336.
  103. Butters, RR. "Multiple Modals in United States Black English: Synchronic and Diachronic Aspects." Verb Phrase Patterns in Black English and Creole. Ed. Edwards, WF; Winford, D. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1991. 165-76. revision of a paper read at the 16th Annual NWAVE Conference, Austin, TX, 1987
  104. Henry Lewis Gates, J; Butters, R,. "The Signifying Monkey, 1988." The Secol Review 16 (1992): 204-7.
  105. Butters, R,. "Review of Language in the Judicial Process, 1990; and Roger W. Shuey, Language Crimes: The Use and Abuse of Language Evidence in the Courtroom, 1993." American Speech 68 (1993): 109-12.
  106. Butters, RR. "Current Issues in Variation Theory." Verhandlungen des Internationalen Dialektologenkongresses Bamberg 1990, Proceedings of the First International Congress of Dialectologists/Seventh International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bamberg, Germany 29 July-4 Aug. 1990. Ed. Viereck, W. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1993. 3-36. invited plenary lecture. 31 July
  107. Butters, RR. "Free Speech and Academic Freedom." The Academic's Handbook. Ed. DeNeef, AL; Goodwin, CD. Durham: Duke UP, 1995. 81-90.
  108. Butters, RR. "Review of The Origin of American Black English: Be-forms in the HOODOO Texts by Traute Ewers." Language 74 (1996): 384-384.
  109. Butters, RR. "The Divergence Controversy Revisited." National Language Institutes Around the World-Diversity in Language Issues. Proceedings of the First International Symposium, The National Language Research Institute of Japan (invited paper), 20-21 Jan. 1994. Tokyo: The National Language Research Institute, 1996. 118-34.
  110. Butters, RR. "Historical and Contemporary Distribution of Double Modals in English." FOCUS ON: The United States. Varieties of English Around the World. Ed. Editor, MGG; Schneider, VEBE. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1996. 265-88. Barbara Fennell, first author
  111. Butters, RR. "Dialectology and Sociolinguistic Theory." Issues and Methods in Dialectology U of Wales Bangor, (1997): 1-13.  Selected Papers from the Ninth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 31 July 1996; invited plenary lecture
  112. Butters, RR. "Auntie(-man)/tanti in the Caribbean and North America." Language Variety in the South Revisited. Ed. Bernstein, C; Nunnally, T; Sabino, R. U of Alabama P, 1997. 261-65. Revision of a paper read at the Conference on Language and Variation in the South, Auburn University, Apr. 1993; invited paper
  113. Butters, RR. "What Did Cary Grant Know About ’Going Gay’ and When Did He Know It?: On the Development of the Popular Term gay ’Homosexual’." Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America 19 (1998): 188-204.  Revision of a paper read at The Dictionary Society of North America. Cleveland, Ohio, 22 July 1995; read also at The Third Lavender Languages and Linguistics Conference, The American University, Washington, DC, 15-17 Sept. 1995; also an invited lecture for the Dept. of Linguistics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 28 Sept. 1995
  114. Butters, RR. "Grammar." History of American English Ed. Algeo, J. 6Cambridge UP, (2000)
  115. Butters, RR. "Conversational Anomalies in Eliciting Danger-of-Death Narratives." Southern Journal of Linguistics 24.1 (2000): 69-81.  Revision of a paper read at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics LXII, Spring Meeting, Oxford Mississippi, 4-6 Apr. 2000
  116. Butters, RR. "The ’Real’ Meaning of millennium." American Speech 75 (2000): 111-2.
  117. Butters, RR. "Semantic and Pragmatic Variability in Medical Research Terms: Implications for Obtaining Meaningful Informed Consent." American Speech 75 (2000): 149-68.  J. Sugarman and L. Kaplan, 2d and 3d authors
  118. Butters, RR. ""What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom." Language in Action: New Studies of Language and Society. Ed. Griffin, P; Peyton, J; Wolfram, W; Fasold, R. Hampton P, 2000. 373-99. Essays in Honor of Roger Shuy
  119. Butters, RR. "Two Notes: The Origin of jaywalking; The Pronunciation of Foreign Loanwords in English." Comments on Etymology  (2000): 20-21.
  120. "“What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom." Language in Action: New Studies of Language and Society. Ed. Peg Griffin, Joy Peyton, Walt Wolfram, and Ralph Fasold. Hampton, 2000.
  121. Butters, RR. "Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English." American Literature 72.3Duke University Press, (September, 2000): 668-669.
  122. BUTTERS, RR. "THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF AMERICAN ENGLISH: TWO CHALLENGES." American Speech 75.3Duke University Press, (September, 2000): 283-285.
  123. Butters, RR; Fishman, JA. "Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity." Language 76.4JSTOR, (December, 2000): 921-921.
  124. Butters, RR. "’We didn’t realize that lite beer was supposed to suck!’: The Putative Vulgarity of X sucks in American English." Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America  (2001)
  125. Butters, RR. "Chance as Cause of Language Variation and Change." Journal of English Linguistics  (2001)
  126. "Preface." Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology. Ed. Dennis Preston and Daniel Long. 2John Benjamin Publishing Company, 2002. xv-xvi.
  127. Butters, RR. "Focusing and Diffusion." Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguiswtik: An International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society, vol. 2.. Ed. Ammon, U; Dittmar, N; Mattheier, K; Trudgill, P. 2dWALTER DE GRUYTER, 2004. 
  128. "How Not to Strike it Rich: Semantics, Pragmatics, and Semiotics of A Massachusetts Lottery Ticket." Applied Linguistics  (2004)
  129. Butters, RR. "How not to strike it rich: Semantics, pragmatics, and semiotics of a Massachusetts lottery game card." Applied Linguistics 25.4Oxford University Press (OUP), (December, 2004): 466-490.
  130. Butters, RR. "Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first century." Language 83.4LINGUISTIC SOC AMER, (December, 2007): 883-886.
  131. Butters, RR. "ROGER W. SHUY, Linguistics in the courtroom: A practical guide." Language in Society 37.02Cambridge University Press (CUP), (April, 2008): 300-304.
  132. Butters, RR. "The Forensic Linguist’s Professional Credentials." International Journal of Speech Language and the Law 16.2Equinox Publishing, (April, 2010)
  133. Butters, RR. "Forensic Linguistics." Journal of English Linguistics 39.2SAGE Publications, (June, 2011): 196-202.
  134. Butters, RR. "Language, Meaning and the Law by Chris Hutton." Journal of Sociolinguistics 15.4WILEY, (September, 2011): 532-537.
  135. Kruck, WE. "Looking for Dr. Condom." Publication of the American Dialect Society, No. 66; South Atlantic Quarterly  (April, 2014): 348-348.
  136. Baron, D. "Grammar and Good Taste." Yale Up, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly  (April, 2014): 471-72.
  137. Fields, B; Page, K. "Preface."  2015-June
  138. Butters, RR. "The Language of Bribery Cases." International Journal of Speech Language and the Law 22.1EQUINOX PUBLISHING LTD, (January, 2015): 127-132.
  139. Butters, RR. "TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING WOULD BE WONDERFUL." American Speech 90.1Duke University Press, (January, 2015): 106-117.

Book Reviews

  1. Wm. E. Kruck. Looking for Dr. Condom.  Publication of the American Dialect Society, no. 66; South Atlantic Quarterly (Summer 1983): 348.
  2. Walter M. Brasch. Black English and the Mass Media.  U of Massachusetts P, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly (Winter 1983): 106-7.
  3. Dennis Baron. Grammar and Good Taste.  Yale UP, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly (Autumn 1984): 471-72.
  4. Raymond Chapman. The Treatment of Sounds in Language and Literature.  Blackwell, 1984; South Atlantic Quarterly (Spring 1986): 208-9.
  5. Joseph E. Holloway and Winifred K. Vass. The African Heritage of American English.  1993; Anthropological Linguistics 36 (1994): 274.
  6. Max Travers and John F. Manzo, eds.. Law in Action: Ethnomethodological and Conversation Analytic Approaches to Law.  (Socio-Legal Studies Series), Aldershot, Hants, England and Brookfield, Vermont, USA: Dartmouth/Ashgate, 1997, Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language, and the Law 7 (2000): 262-66.


  1. Butters, RR. "Stylesheet for Writing." (1982). 8 pp. Xeroxed
  2. Butters, RR. "Composition Guide, Duke University." (1983). 15 pp., 2d ed. Aug. 1984; 3d ed. Aug. 1985; 4th ed. 1986 [with George D. Gopen], 29 pp.; eds. 5-12 appeared as Guidelines for Composition [with George D. Gopen], 1987-94, 32 pp
  3. Butters, RR; Clum, J; Moon, M. "Displacing Homophobia: Gay Male Perspectives in Literature and Culture." Duke UP. (1989). Reprinting, with modifications of SAQ 88.1 [1989]; this book won the 1989 Conference of Editors of Learned Journals Best Special Issue Award

Articles in a Collection

  1. Butters, RR. "“What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom." Ed. Griffin, P; Peyton, J; Wolfram, W; Fasold, R. (Hampton), 2000.