Publications of Haiyan Gao    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Papers Published   
@article{fds326109,
   Author = {Ye, Z and Sato, N and Allada, K and Liu, T and Chen, J-P and Gao, H and Kang,
             Z-B and Prokudin, A and Sun, P and Yuan, F},
   Title = {Unveiling the nucleon tensor charge at Jefferson Lab: A
             study of the SoLID case},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {767},
   Pages = {91-98},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.01.046},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2017.01.046},
   Key = {fds326109}
}

@article{fds320332,
   Author = {Flay, D and Posik, M and Parno, DS and Allada, K and Armstrong, WR and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Camsonne, A and Canan,
             M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Cusanno, F and Dalton, MM and Deconinck, W and de Jager, CW and Deng, X and Deur, A and Dutta, C and Fassi, LE and Franklin, GB and Friend, M and Gao,
             H and Garibaldi, F and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge,
             S and Gomez, J and Guo, L and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW and Holmstrom,
             T and Huang, J and Hyde, C and Ibrahim, HF and Jiang, X and Jin, G and Katich,
             J and Kelleher, A et al.},
   Title = {Measurements of and : Probing the neutron spin
             structure},
   Journal = {Physical Review D},
   Volume = {94},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.94.052003},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.94.052003},
   Key = {fds320332}
}

@article{fds315787,
   Author = {Gao, H and Peng, C and Zhao, ZW},
   Title = {Experimental progress and status on nucleon electromagnetic
             form factors},
   Journal = {EPJ Web of Conferences},
   Volume = {113},
   Pages = {01012-01012},
   Editor = {Elster, C and Phillips, DR and Roberts, CD},
   Year = {2016},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201611301012},
   Doi = {10.1051/epjconf/201611301012},
   Key = {fds315787}
}

@article{fds315788,
   Author = {Peng, C and Gao, H},
   Title = {Proton Charge Radius (PRad) Experiment at Jefferson
             Lab},
   Journal = {EPJ Web of Conferences},
   Volume = {113},
   Pages = {03007-03007},
   Editor = {Elster, C and Phillips, DR and Roberts, CD},
   Year = {2016},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201611303007},
   Doi = {10.1051/epjconf/201611303007},
   Key = {fds315788}
}

@article{fds326110,
   Author = {Zhang, Y-W and Long, E and Mihovilovič, M and Jin, G and Allada, K and Anderson, B and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Ayerbe-Gayoso, C and Boeglin, W and Bradshaw, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and De Leo and R and Deng, X and Deur, A and Dutta, C and El Fassi and L and Flay, D and Frullani, S and Garibaldi, F and Gao, H and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S and Gomez,
             J and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW and Holmstrom, T and Huang, J and Ibrahim, H and de Jager, CW and Jensen, E and Jiang, X and St John and J and Jones, M and Kang, H and Katich, J et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry in
             Quasielastic Scattering from the Reaction
             (3)He(↑)(e,e').},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {115},
   Number = {17},
   Pages = {172502},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.115.172502},
   Abstract = {We report the first measurement of the target single-spin
             asymmetry, A(y), in quasielastic scattering from the
             inclusive reaction (3)He(↑)(e,e') on a (3)He gas target
             polarized normal to the lepton scattering plane. Assuming
             time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero
             for one-photon exchange. A nonzero A(y) can arise from the
             interference between the one- and two-photon exchange
             processes which is sensitive to the details of the
             substructure of the nucleon. An experiment recently
             completed at Jefferson Lab yielded asymmetries with high
             statistical precision at Q(2)=0.13, 0.46, and
             0.97  GeV(2). These measurements demonstrate, for the
             first time, that the (3)He asymmetry is clearly nonzero and
             negative at the 4σ-9σ level. Using measured
             proton-to-(3)He cross-section ratios and the effective
             polarization approximation, neutron asymmetries of -(1-3)%
             were obtained. The neutron asymmetry at high Q(2) is related
             to moments of the generalized parton distributions (GPDs).
             Our measured neutron asymmetry at Q(2)=0.97  GeV(2)
             agrees well with a prediction based on two-photon exchange
             using a GPD model and thus provides a new, independent
             constraint on these distributions.},
   Doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.115.172502},
   Key = {fds326110}
}

@article{fds318443,
   Author = {Gao, H and Laskaris, G and Yan, X},
   Title = {Latest results on few-body physics from HIγS},
   Journal = {PoS - Proceedings of Science},
   Volume = {29-June-2015},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   Abstract = {In this talk we discuss the recently completed and upcoming
             experiments on few-nucleon targets at the High Intensity
             g-ray Source (HIγS) facility located at Triangle
             Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL). Several experiments
             took place or are planned in order to measure the Gerasimov-
             Drell-Hearn sum rule integrand on various light nuclei below
             pion production threshold and extract information on the
             electromagnetic structure and spin polarizabilities of the
             nucleon. In this paper we focus more on the
             photodisintegration and Compton scattering experiments on
             polarized 3He at the HIγS facility.},
   Key = {fds318443}
}

@article{fds246004,
   Author = {Mihovilovič, M and Jin, G and Long, E and Zhang, Y-W and Allada, K and Anderson, B and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Boeglin, W and Bradshaw,
             P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and De Leo and R and Deng, X and Deltuva, A and Deur, A and Dutta,
             C and El Fassi and L and Flay, D and Frullani, S and Garibaldi, F and Gao, H and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golak, J and Golge, S and Gomez, J and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW and Holmstrom, T and Huang,
             J and Ibrahim, H and de Jager, CW and Jensen, E and Jiang, X and Jones, M and Kang, H and Katich, J and Khanal, HP et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of double-polarization asymmetries in the
             quasielastic (3)He[→](e[→],e(')d) process.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {113},
   Number = {23},
   Pages = {232505},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.113.232505},
   Abstract = {We present a precise measurement of double-polarization
             asymmetries in the ^{3}He[over →](e[over →],e^{'}d)
             reaction. This particular process is a uniquely sensitive
             probe of hadron dynamics in ^{3}He and the structure of the
             underlying electromagnetic currents. The measurements have
             been performed in and around quasielastic kinematics at
             Q^{2}=0.25(GeV/c)^{2} for missing momenta up to
             270  MeV/c. The asymmetries are in fair agreement with
             the state-of-the-art calculations in terms of their
             functional dependencies on p_{m} and ω, but are
             systematically offset. Beyond the region of the quasielastic
             peak, the discrepancies become even more pronounced. Thus,
             our measurements have been able to reveal deficiencies in
             the most sophisticated calculations of the three-body
             nuclear system, and indicate that further refinement in the
             treatment of their two-and/or three-body dynamics is
             required.},
   Doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.113.232505},
   Key = {fds246004}
}

@article{fds246005,
   Author = {Zhang, Y and Qian, X and Allada, K and Dutta, C and Huang, J and Katich, J and Wang, Y and Aniol, K and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Bradshaw, PC and Bosted, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, J-P and Chen, W and Chirapatpimol, K and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Cornejo, JC and Cusanno, F and Dalton,
             MM and Deconinck, W and de Jager, CW and De Leo and R and Deng, X and Deur, A and Ding, H and Dolph, PAM and Dutta, D and El Fassi and L and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gaskell, D and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of “pretzelosity” asymmetry of charged pion
             production in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering on a
             polarized target},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.90.055209},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.90.055209},
   Key = {fds246005}
}

@article{fds246006,
   Author = {Zhao, YX and Wang, Y and Allada, K and Aniol, K and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Bradshaw, PC and Bosted, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen,
             J-P and Chen, W and Chirapatpimol, K and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Cornejo, JC and Cusanno, F and Dalton, MM and Deconinck, W and de Jager,
             CW and De Leo and R and Deng, X and Deur, A and Ding, H and Dolph, PAM and Dutta,
             C and Dutta, D and El Fassi and L and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gaskell, D and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S and Guo, L and Hamilton, D and Hansen, O et al.},
   Title = {Single spin asymmetries in charged kaon production from
             semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering on a transversely
             polarized target},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {055201},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.90.055201},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.90.055201},
   Key = {fds246006}
}

@article{fds246008,
   Author = {Posik, M and Flay, D and Parno, DS and Allada, K and Armstrong, W and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Camsonne, A and Canan,
             M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Cusanno, F and Dalton, MM and Deconinck, W and de Jager, CW and Deng, X and Deur, A and Dutta, C and El Fassi and L and Franklin, GB and Friend, M and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S and Gomez, J and Guo, L and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW and Holmstrom, T and Huang, J and Hyde, C and Ibrahim, HF and Jiang, X and Jin,
             G and Katich, J and Kelleher, A et al.},
   Title = {Precision measurement of the neutron twist-3 matrix element
             d(2)(n): probing color forces.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {113},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {022002},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.113.022002},
   Abstract = {Double-spin asymmetries and absolute cross sections were
             measured at large Bjorken x  (0.25≤x≤0.90), in both
             the deep-inelastic and resonance regions, by scattering
             longitudinally polarized electrons at beam energies of 4.7
             and 5.9 GeV from a transversely and longitudinally polarized
             (3)He target. In this dedicated experiment, the spin
             structure function g(2)((3)He) was determined with precision
             at large x, and the neutron twist-3 matrix element d(2)(n)
             was measured at ⟨Q(2)⟩ of 3.21 and 4.32  GeV(2)/c(2),
             with an absolute precision of about 10(-5). Our results are
             found to be in agreement with lattice QCD calculations and
             resolve the disagreement found with previous data at
             ⟨Q(2)⟩=5  GeV(2)/c(2). Combining d(2)(n) and a newly
             extracted twist-4 matrix element f(2)(n), the average
             neutron color electric and magnetic forces were extracted
             and found to be of opposite sign and about 30  MeV/fm in
             magnitude.},
   Doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.113.022002},
   Key = {fds246008}
}

@article{fds246009,
   Author = {Katich, J and Qian, X and Zhao, YX and Allada, K and Aniol, K and Annand,
             JRM and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Bradshaw, PC and Bosted, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen,
             J-P and Chen, W and Chirapatpimol, K and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Cornejo, JC and Cusanno, F and Dalton, MM and Deconinck, W and de Jager,
             CW and De Leo and R and Deng, X and Deur, A and Ding, H and Dolph, PAM and Dutta,
             C and Dutta, D and El Fassi and L and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gaskell, D and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S and Guo, L and Hamilton, D et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in
             deep-inelastic scattering from the reaction
             (3)He(↑)(e,e')X.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {113},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {022502},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.113.022502},
   Abstract = {We report the first measurement of the target-normal
             single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the
             inclusive reaction 3)He(↑)(e,e')X on a polarized (3)He gas
             target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is
             strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be nonzero
             if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The
             experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV
             electron beam, covers a range of 1.7<W<2.9  GeV,
             1.0<Q(2)<4.0  GeV(2) and 0.16<x<0.65. Neutron
             asymmetries were extracted using the effective nucleon
             polarization and measured proton-to-(3)He cross-section
             ratios. The measured neutron asymmetries are negative with
             an average value of (-1.09±0.38)×10(-2) for invariant mass
             W>2  GeV, which is nonzero at the 2.89σ level. Our
             measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with a
             two-photon-exchange model prediction that uses input from
             the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from
             semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.},
   Doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.113.022502},
   Key = {fds246009}
}

@article{fds246013,
   Author = {Yan, H and Li, K and Khatiwada, R and Smith, E and Snow, WM and Fu, CB and Chu, P-H and Gao, H and Zheng, W},
   Title = {A Frequency Determination Method for Digitized NMR
             Signals},
   Journal = {Communications in computational physics},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {05},
   Pages = {1343-1351},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {1815-2406},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4208/cicp.110613.270913a},
   Abstract = {We present a high precision frequency determination method
             for digitized NMR FID signals. The method employs high
             precision numerical integration rather than simple summation
             as in many other techniques. With no independent knowledge
             of the other parameters of a NMR FID signal (phase φ,
             amplitude A, and transverse relaxation time T2) this method
             can determine the signal frequency f0 with a precision of
             1/(8π2f 20T22) if the observation time T ≫T2. The method
             is especially convenient when the detailed shape of the
             observed FT NMR spectrum is not well defined. When T2 is
             +∞ and the signal becomes pure sinusoidal, the precision
             of the method is 3/(2π2f20T2) which is one order more
             precise than the ±1 count error induced precision of a
             typical frequency counter. Analysis of this method shows
             that the integration reduces the noise by bandwidth
             narrowing as in a lock-in amplifier, and no extra signal
             filters are needed. For a pure sinusoidal signal we find
             from numerical simulations that the noise-induced error in
             thismethod reaches the Cramer-Rao Lower Band (CRLB) on
             frequency determination. For the damped sinusoidal case of
             most interest, the noise-induced error is found to be within
             a factor of 2 of CRLB when the measurement time T is 2 or 3
             times larger than T2. We discuss possible improvements for
             the precision of this method. © 2014 Global-Science
             Press.},
   Doi = {10.4208/cicp.110613.270913a},
   Key = {fds246013}
}

@article{fds246010,
   Author = {Allada, K and Zhao, YX and Aniol, K and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Bradshaw, PC and Bosted, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, J-P and Chen,
             W and Chirapatpimol, K and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Cornejo, JC and Cusanno, F and Dalton, M and Deconinck, W and de Jager, CW and De Leo,
             R and Deng, X and Deur, A and Ding, H and Dolph, PAM and Dutta, C and Dutta,
             D and Fassi, LE and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gaskell, D and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S and Guo, L and Hamilton, D and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW et
             al.},
   Title = {Single spin asymmetries of inclusive hadrons produced in
             electron scattering from a transversely polarized He
             target},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {042201(R)},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.042201},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.89.042201},
   Key = {fds246010}
}

@article{fds246012,
   Author = {Laskaris, G and Ye, Q and Lalremruata, B and Ye, QJ and Ahmed, MW and Averett, T and Deltuva, A and Dutta, D and Fonseca, AC and Gao, H and Golak, J and Huang, M and Karwowski, HJ and Mueller, JM and Myers, LS and Peng, C and Perdue, BA and Qian, X and Sauer, PU and Skibiński, R and Stave, S and Tompkins, JR and Weller, HR and Witała, H and Wu, YK and Zhang, Y and Zheng, W},
   Title = {Spin-dependent cross sections from the three-body
             photodisintegration of at incident energies of 12.8 and 14.7
             MeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {024002},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.024002},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.89.024002},
   Key = {fds246012}
}

@article{fds246011,
   Author = {Chu, PH and Dennis, A and Fu, CB and Gao, H and Khatiwada, R and Laskaris,
             G and Li, K and Smith, E and Snow, WM and Yan, H and Zheng,
             W},
   Title = {Searches for possible T-odd and P-odd short range
             interactions using polarized nuclei},
   Journal = {EPJ Web of Conferences},
   Volume = {66},
   Pages = {05003-05003},
   Editor = {Lunardi, S and Bizzeti, PG and Bucci, C and Chiari, M and Dainese, A and Di
             Nezza, P and Menegazzo, R and Nannini, A and Signorini, C and Valiente-Dobon, JJ},
   Year = {2014},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20146605003},
   Doi = {10.1051/epjconf/20146605003},
   Key = {fds246011}
}

@article{fds246015,
   Author = {Malace, SP and Sawatzky, BD and Gao, H},
   Title = {Studies of single-photoelectron response and of performance
             in magnetic field of a H8500C-03 photomultiplier
             tube},
   Journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {P09004},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/8/09/P09004},
   Abstract = {We studied the single-photoelectron detection capabilities
             of a multianode photomultiplier tube H8500C-03 and its
             performance in high magnetic field. Our results show that
             the device can readily resolve signals at the single
             photoelectron level making it suitable for photon detection
             in both threshold and ring imaging Cherenkov detectors. We
             also found that a large longitudinal magnetic field, up to
             300 Gauss, induces a change in the relative output of at
             most 55% for an edge pixel, and of at most 15% for a central
             pixel. The H8500C-03 signal loss in transverse magnetic
             fields it is significantly more pronounced than for the
             longitudinal case. Our studies of single photoelectron
             reduction in magnetic fields point to the field induced
             misfocusing of the photoelectron extracted from the
             photocathode as primary cause of signal loss. With
             appropriate shielding this PMT could function in high
             magnetic field environments. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd and
             Sissa Medialab srl.},
   Doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/8/09/P09004},
   Key = {fds246015}
}

@article{fds218742,
   Author = {Q.J. Ye and H. Gao and others},
   Title = {The production of K+K− pairs in proton-proton collisions
             below the φ meson threshold},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {87},
   Pages = {065203},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds218742}
}

@article{fds246017,
   Author = {Ye, QJ and Hartmann, M and Chiladze, D and Dymov, S and Dzyuba, A and Gao,
             H and Gebel, R and Hejny, V and Kacharava, A and Lorentz, B and Mchedlishvili, D and Merzliakov, S and Mielke, M and Mikirtytchiants,
             S and Ohm, H and Papenbrock, M and Polyanskiy, A and Serdyuk, V and Stein,
             HJ and Stroeher, H and Trusov, S and Valdau, Y and Wilkin, C and Wuestner,
             P},
   Title = {Production of K+K- pairs in proton-proton collisions below
             the phi meson threshold},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {6},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000320279400002&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.87.065203},
   Key = {fds246017}
}

@article{fds246018,
   Author = {Laskaris, G and Ye, Q and Lalremruata, B and Ye, QJ and Ahmed, MW and Averett, T and Deltuva, A and Dutta, D and Fonseca, AC and Gao, H and Golak, J and Huang, M and Karwowski, HJ and Mueller, JM and Myers, LS and Peng, C and Perdue, BA and Qian, X and Sauer, PU and Skibinski, R and Stave, S and Tompkins, JR and Weller, HR and Witala, H and Wu, YK and Zhang, Y and Zheng, W},
   Title = {First Measurements of Spin-Dependent Double-Differential
             Cross Sections and the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn Integrand from
             (3)(H)over-right-arrowe((gamma)over-right-arrow, n)pp at
             Incident Photon Energies of 12.8 and 14.7
             MeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {110},
   Number = {20},
   Pages = {202501},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000319214800002&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.202501},
   Key = {fds246018}
}

@article{fds246019,
   Author = {Wang, Y and Fan, X and Wang, J and Gonzalez-Diaz, D and Chen, H and Chen,
             J and Li, Y and Camsonne, A and Chen, J-P and Gao, H and Meziane,
             M},
   Title = {A MRPC prototype for SOLID-TOF in JLab},
   Journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {03},
   Pages = {P03003},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1748-0221},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000316990700028&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/8/03/P03003},
   Key = {fds246019}
}

@article{fds246098,
   Author = {Wang, R and Huang, Y and Xiao, Z and Zhang, Z and Wang, R and Gao,
             H},
   Title = {A practical method to determine the spatial resolution of
             GEM detector},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {701},
   Pages = {54-57},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000313721400008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2012.10.078},
   Key = {fds246098}
}

@article{fds246099,
   Author = {Chu, P-H and Dennis, A and Fu, CB and Gao, H and Khatiwada, R and Laskaris,
             G and Li, K and Smith, E and Snow, WM and Yan, H and Zheng,
             W},
   Title = {Laboratory search for spin-dependent short-range force from
             axionlike particles using optically polarized He-3
             gas},
   Journal = {Physical Review D},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {011105R},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000314336400001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.87.011105},
   Key = {fds246099}
}

@article{fds315786,
   Author = {Grant, GA and Hankinson, T and Muh, C and Dumont,
             A},
   Title = {Preface},
   Journal = {Neurosurgery},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {SUPPL. 1},
   Pages = {V},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0000000000000006},
   Doi = {10.1227/NEU.0000000000000006},
   Key = {fds315786}
}

@article{fds246016,
   Author = {Strakovsky, II and Chen, W and Gao, H and Briscoe, WJ and Dutta, D and Kudryavtsev, AE and Mirazite, M and Paris, M and Rossi, P and Stepanyan,
             S and Tarasov, VE and Workman, RL},
   Title = {Progress on neutron-target multipoles above 1
             GeV},
   Journal = {EPJ Web of Conferences},
   Volume = {37},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {2101-6275},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20123708005},
   Abstract = {We report a new extraction of nucleon resonance couplings
             using π - photo-production cross sections on the neutron.
             The world database for the process γn → π - p above 1
             GeV has quadrupled with the addition of new differential
             cross sections from the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer
             (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab in Hall B. Differential cross
             sections from CLAS have been improved with a new final-state
             interaction determination using a diagrammatic technique
             taking into account the SAID phenomenological NN and πN
             final-state interaction amplitudes. Resonance couplings have
             been extracted and compared to previous determinations. With
             the addition of these new cross sections, significant
             changes are seen in the high-energy behavior of the SAID
             cross sections and amplitudes.},
   Doi = {10.1051/epjconf/20123708005},
   Key = {fds246016}
}

@article{fds246102,
   Author = {Ye, QJ and Hartmann, M and Maeda, Y and Barsov, S and Buescher, M and Chiladze, D and Dymov, S and Dzyuba, A and Gao, H and Gebel, R and Hejny,
             V and Kacharava, A and Keshelashvili, I and Kiselev, YT and Khoukaz, A and Koptev, VP and Kulessa, P and Kulikov, A and Lorentz, B and Mersmann, T and Merzliakov, S and Mikirtytchiants, S and Nekipelov, M and Ohm, H and Paryev, EY and Polyanskiy, A and Serdyuk, V and Stein, HJ and Stroeher,
             H and Trusov, S and Valdau, Y and Wilkin, C and Wuestner,
             P},
   Title = {Production of K+K- pairs in proton-proton collisions at 2.83
             GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {035211},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000302171400005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.85.035211},
   Key = {fds246102}
}

@article{fds246085,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {The radial structure of the proton and its
             constituents},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {1441},
   Pages = {21-28},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3700476},
   Abstract = {Understanding how quantum chromodynamics, the theory of
             strong interaction, works in the low-energy region, the
             so-called confinement region is one of the major challenges
             facing physicists. The structure of nucleon is one of the
             most active areas of research in nuclear physics addressing
             this challenge. In this talk, I will review recent
             progresses on electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon
             including the latest intriguing situation concern the charge
             radius of the proton, and new results on the strange quark
             contribution to the electromagnetic structure of the nucleon
             from parity-violation electron scattering. I will also
             discuss recent developments in the study of the generalized
             parton distribution functions which provide
             three-dimensional imaging of the nucleon. © 2012 American
             Institute of Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.3700476},
   Key = {fds246085}
}

@article{fds246094,
   Author = {Chen, W and Gao, H and Briscoe, WJ and Dutta, D and Kudryavtsev, AE and Mirazita, M and Paris, MW and Rossi, P and Stepanyan, S and Strakovsky,
             II and Tarasov, VE and Workman, RL},
   Title = {Amplitude analysis of γn→π -p data above 1
             GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.86.015206},
   Abstract = {We report an extraction of nucleon resonance couplings using
             π - photoproduction cross sections on the neutron. The
             world database for the process γn→π -p above 1 GeV has
             quadrupled with the addition of differential cross sections
             from the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at
             Jefferson Lab in Hall B. Differential cross sections from
             CLAS have been improved with a final-state interaction
             determination using a diagrammatic technique taking into
             account the NN and πN final-state interaction amplitudes.
             Resonance couplings have been extracted and compared to
             previous determinations. With the addition of these cross
             sections significant changes are seen in the high-energy
             behavior of the Scattering Analysis Interactive Dial-in
             program cross sections and amplitudes. © 2012 American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.86.015206},
   Key = {fds246094}
}

@article{fds246100,
   Author = {Huang, J and Allada, K and Dutta, C and Katich, J and Qian, X and Wang, Y and Zhang, Y and Aniol, K and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Bradshaw, PC and Bosted, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, J-P and Chen, W and Chirapatpimol, K and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Cornejo, JC and Cusanno, F and Dalton,
             MM and Deconinck, W and Jager, CWD and Leo, RD and Deng, X and Deur, A and Ding, H and Dolph, PAM and Dutta, D and Fassi, LE and Frullani, S and Gao,
             H and Garibaldi, F and Gaskell, D and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin,
             O and Golge, S and Guo, L et al.},
   Title = {Beam-target double-spin asymmetry A LT in charged
             pion production from deep inelastic scattering on a
             transversely polarized He3 target at 1.4<Q2<2.7GeV2},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {108},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {052001},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5720 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {We report the first measurement of the double-spin asymmetry
             A LT for charged pion electroproduction in semi-inclusive
             deep-inelastic electron scattering on a transversely
             polarized He3 target. The kinematics focused on the valence
             quark region, 0.16&lt;x&lt;0.35 with 1.4&lt;Q2&lt;2.7GeV2.
             The corresponding neutron A LT asymmetries were extracted
             from the measured He3 asymmetries and proton over He3 cross
             section ratios using the effective polarization
             approximation. These new data probe the transverse momentum
             dependent parton distribution function g1Tq and therefore
             provide access to quark spin-orbit correlations. Our results
             indicate a positive azimuthal asymmetry for π - production
             on He3 and the neutron, while our π + asymmetries are
             consistent with zero. © 2012 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.052001},
   Key = {fds246100}
}

@article{fds246101,
   Author = {Zheng, W and Gao, H and Lalremruata, B and Zhang, Y and Laskaris, G and Snow, WM and Fu, CB},
   Title = {Search for Spin-Dependent Short-Range Force Using Optically
             Polarized 3He Gas},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D (R)},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {031505},
   Pages = {031505(R)},
   Year = {2012},
   Key = {fds246101}
}

@article{fds246103,
   Author = {Chen, W and Gao, H and others},
   Title = {Amplitude analysis of $\gamma n \rightarrow \pi^{-} p$ data
             above 1 GeV},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {86},
   Pages = {015206},
   Year = {2012},
   Key = {fds246103}
}

@article{fds246104,
   Author = {Fonvieille, H and Laveissière, G and Degrande, N and Jaminion, S and Jutier, C and Todor, L and Salvo, RD and Hoorebeke, LV and Alexa, LC and Anderson, BD and Aniol, KA and Arundell, K and Audit, G and Auerbach, L and Baker, FT and Baylac, M and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot, L and Boeglin, WU and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Cavata, C and Chang, C-C and Chen, J-P and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Dale, DS and Jager, CWD and Leo, RD and Deur, A and D'Hose, N and Dodge, GE and Domingo, JJ and Elouadrhiri, L and Epstein, MB et al.},
   Title = {Virtual Compton scattering and the generalized
             polarizabilities of the proton at Q2=0.92 and 1.76
             GeV2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {015210},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.86.015210},
   Abstract = {Virtual Compton scattering (VCS) on the proton has been
             studied at the Jefferson Laboratory using the exclusive
             photon electroproduction reaction ep→epγ. This paper
             gives a detailed account of the analysis which has led to
             the determination of the structure functions P LL-P TT/ε
             and P LT and the electric and magnetic generalized
             polarizabilities (GPs) α E(Q2) and β M(Q2) at values of
             the four-momentum transfer squared Q2=0.92 and 1.76 GeV2.
             These data, together with the results of VCS experiments at
             lower momenta, help building a coherent picture of the
             electric and magnetic GPs of the proton over the full
             measured Q2 range and point to their nontrivial behavior. ©
             2012 American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.86.015210},
   Key = {fds246104}
}

@article{fds287610,
   Author = {Zheng, W and Gao, H and Lalremruata, B and Zhang, Y and Laskaris, G and Snow, WM and Fu, CB},
   Title = {Search for spin-dependent short-range force between nucleons
             using optically polarized He3 gas},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {3},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.85.031505},
   Abstract = {We propose a new method to detect short-range P- and
             T-violating interactions between nucleons, based on
             measuring the precession frequency shift of polarized He3
             nuclei in the presence of an unpolarized mass. To maximize
             the sensitivity, a high-pressure He3 cell with thin glass
             windows (250μm) is used to minimize the distance between
             the mass and He3. The magnetic field fluctuation is
             suppressed by using the He3 gas in a different region of the
             cell as a magnetometer. Systematic uncertainties from the
             magnetic properties of the mass are suppressed by flipping
             both the magnetic field and spin directions. Without any
             magnetic shielding, our result has already reached the
             sensitivity of the current best limit. With improvement in
             uniformity and stability of the field, we can further
             improve the sensitivity by 2 orders of magnitude over the
             force range from 10 -4-10 -2m. © 2012 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.85.031505},
   Key = {fds287610}
}

@article{fds246111,
   Author = {Qian, X and Allada, K and Dutta, C and Huang, J and Katich, J and Wang, Y and Zhang, Y and Aniol, K and Annand, JRM and Averett, T and Benmokhtar, F and Bertozzi, W and Bradshaw, PC and Bosted, P and Camsonne, A and Canan, M and Cates, GD and Chen, C and Chen, J-P and Chen, W and Chirapatpimol, K and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Cornejo, JC and Cusanno, F and Dalton,
             MM and Deconinck, W and de Jager, CW and De Leo and R and Deng, X and Deur, A and Ding, H and Dolph, PAM and Dutta, D and El Fassi and L and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gaskell, D and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, O and Golge, S et al.},
   Title = {Single spin asymmetries in charged pion production from
             semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering on a transversely
             polarized 3He Target at Q2 = 1.4-2.7 GeV2.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {107},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {072003},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {August},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21902386},
   Abstract = {We report the first measurement of target single spin
             asymmetries in the semi-inclusive (3)He(e,e'π(±))X
             reaction on a transversely polarized target. The experiment,
             conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.9 GeV electron beam,
             covers a range of 0.16 < x < 0.35 with 1.4 < Q(2) < 2.7
             GeV(2). The Collins and Sivers moments were extracted from
             the azimuthal angular dependence of the measured
             asymmetries. The π(±) Collins moments for (3)He are
             consistent with zero, except for the π(+) moment at x =
             0.35, which deviates from zero by 2.3σ. While the π(-)
             Sivers moments are consistent with zero, the π(+) Sivers
             moments favor negative values. The neutron results were
             extracted using the nucleon effective polarization and
             measured cross section ratios of proton to (3)He, and are
             largely consistent with the predictions of phenomenological
             fits and quark model calculations.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.072003},
   Key = {fds246111}
}

@article{fds246109,
   Author = {Anselmino, M and Avakian, H and Boer, D and Bradamante, F and Burkardt,
             M and Chen, JP and Cisbani, E and Contalbrigo, M and Crabb, D and Dutta, D and Gamberg, L and Gao, H and Hasch, D and Huang, J and Huang, M and Kang, Z and Keppel, C and Laskaris, G and Liang, Z-T and Liu, MX and Makins, N and Mckeown, RD and Metz, A and Meziani, Z-E and Musch, B and Peng, J-C and Prokudin, A and Qian, X and Qiang, Y and Qiu, JW and Rossi, P and Schweitzer, P and Soffer, J and Sulkosky, V and Wang, Y and Xiao, B and Ye,
             Q and Ye, Q-J and Yuan, F and Zhan, X and Zhang, Y and Zheng, W and Zhou,
             J},
   Title = {Transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution/fragmentation
             functions at an electron-ion collider},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal A - Hadrons and
             Nuclei},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {35},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000288552100006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1140/epja/i2011-11035-2},
   Key = {fds246109}
}

@article{fds246007,
   Author = {Ramona Bobocel and D and Kay, AC and Zanna, MP and Olson,
             JM},
   Title = {Preface},
   Pages = {vii-xiv},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780203837658},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203837658},
   Doi = {10.4324/9780203837658},
   Key = {fds246007}
}

@article{fds246080,
   Author = {Gao, H and Chen, J-P and Huang, M and Qian, X},
   Title = {Future (transverse) spin physics at Jefferson
             Lab},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics},
   Volume = {295},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1742-6588},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/295/1/012019},
   Abstract = {The studies of GPDs and TMDs with polarizations at 6 GeV at
             Jefferson Lab have already shown great promises. The 12-GeV
             spin program will significantly advance our knowledge about
             the three-dimensional structure of the nucleon in the
             valence quark region, and the QCD dynamics responsible for
             the structure. With the possibility of a future electron ion
             collider with polarized beams, the next frontier of QCD will
             be reached. This proceeding paper will focus on future
             studies of TMDs using polarizations.},
   Doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/295/1/012019},
   Key = {fds246080}
}

@article{fds246081,
   Author = {Strakovsky, II and Qiang, Y and Azimov, YI and Briscoe, WJ and Gao, H and Higinbotham, DW and Nelyubin, VV},
   Title = {Properties of the resonance Λ(1520) as seen in the forward
             electroproduction at JLab hall A},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {1374},
   Pages = {181-184},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3647120},
   Abstract = {High-resolution spectrometer measurements of the reaction
             H(e,e′K+)X at small Q2 are used to extract the mass and
             width of the Λ(1520). We investigate dependence of the
             resonance parameters on different parametrizations of the
             background and the resonance peak itself. Our final values
             for the Breit-Wigner parameters are M=1520.4±0.6(stat.)±1.5(syst.)MeV
             and Γ=18.6±1. 9(stat.)±1(syst.)MeV. The width appears to
             be more sensitive to the assumptions than the mass. We also
             estimate, for the first time, the pole position for this
             resonance and find that both the pole mass and width seem to
             be smaller than their Breit-Wigner values. © 2011 American
             Institute of Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.3647120},
   Key = {fds246081}
}

@article{fds246083,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Hadron physics at low energies},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal Special Topics},
   Volume = {198},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {3-17},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1951-6355},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2011-01480-5},
   Abstract = {Understanding how quantum chromodynamics, the theory of
             strong interaction, works in the low-energy region, the
             so-called confinement region is one of the major challenges
             facing physicists. Low energy hadron physics, particularly
             the structure of hadron is one of the most active areas of
             research in nuclear physics addressing this challenge. In
             this talk, I will review advances made in this area on a few
             selected topics in the last decade or so and also provide
             outlook for the future. © 2011 EDP Sciences and
             Springer.},
   Doi = {10.1140/epjst/e2011-01480-5},
   Key = {fds246083}
}

@article{fds246105,
   Author = {Zhang, C and Kohl, M and Akdogan, T and Alarcon, R and Bertozzi, W and Booth, E and Botto, T and Calarco, JR and Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Degrush, A and Dow, K and Farkhondeh, M and Fatemi, R and Filoti, O and Franklin, W and Gao, H and Geis, E and Gilad, S and Hasell, D and Karpius,
             P and Kolster, H and Lee, T and Maschinot, A and Matthews, J and McIlhany,
             K and Meitanis, N and Milner, R and Rapaport, J and Redwine, R and Seely,
             J and Shinozaki, A and Sindile, A and Širca, S and Six, E and Smith, T and Tonguc, B and Tschalär, C and Tsentalovich, E and Turchinetz, W and Xiao, Y and Xu, W and Zhou, Z-L and Ziskin, V et al.},
   Title = {Precise measurement of deuteron tensor analyzing powers with
             BLAST},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {107},
   Number = {25},
   Pages = {252501},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.252501},
   Abstract = {We report a precision measurement of the deuteron tensor
             analyzing powers T 20 and T 21 at the MIT-Bates Linear
             Accelerator Center. Data were collected simultaneously over
             a momentum transfer range Q=2.15-4.50fm -1 with the Bates
             Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid using a highly
             polarized deuterium internal gas target. The data are in
             excellent agreement with calculations in a framework of
             effective field theory. The deuteron charge monopole and
             quadrupole form factors G C and G Q were separated with
             improved precision, and the location of the first node of G
             C was confirmed at Q=4.19±0.05fm -1. The new data provide a
             strong constraint on theoretical models in a momentum
             transfer range covering the minimum of T 20 and the first
             node of G C. © 2011 American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.252501},
   Key = {fds246105}
}

@article{fds246106,
   Author = {Zheng, W and Gao, H and Liu, J-G and Zhang, Y and Ye, Q and Swank,
             C},
   Title = {General solution to gradient-induced transverse and
             longitudinal relaxation of spins undergoing restricted
             diffusion},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {053411},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.84.053411},
   Abstract = {We develop an approach, by calculating the autocorrelation
             function of spins, to derive the magnetic field
             gradient-induced transverse (T2) relaxation of spins
             undergoing restricted diffusion. This approach is an
             extension to the method adopted by McGregor. McGregor's
             approach solves the problem only in the fast diffusion
             limit; however, our approach yields a single analytical
             solution suitable in all diffusion regimes, including the
             intermediate regime. This establishes a direct connection
             between the well-known slow diffusion result of Torrey and
             the fast diffusion result. We also perform free induction
             decay measurements on spin-exchange optically polarized 3He
             gas with different diffusion constants. The measured
             transverse relaxation profiles are compared with the theory
             and satisfactory agreement has been found throughout all
             diffusion regimes. In addition to the transverse relaxation,
             this approach is also applicable to solving the longitudinal
             relaxation (T 1) regardless of the diffusion limits. It
             turns out that the longitudinal relaxation in the slow
             diffusion limit differs by a factor of 2 from that in the
             fast diffusion limit. © 2011 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.84.053411},
   Key = {fds246106}
}

@article{fds246107,
   Author = {Hasell, DK and Milner, RG and Redwine, RP and Alarcon, R and Gao, H and Kohl, M and Calarco, JR},
   Title = {Spin-dependent electron scattering from polarized protons
             and deuterons with the BLAST experiment at
             MIT-bates},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science},
   Volume = {61},
   Pages = {409-433},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0163-8998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-nucl-100809-131956},
   Abstract = {The Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST)
             experiment was operated at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator
             Center from 2003 until 2005. The experiment was designed to
             exploit the power of a polarized electron beam incident on
             polarized targets of hydrogen and deuterium to measure, in a
             systematic manner, the neutron, proton, and deuteron form
             factors as well as other aspects of the electromagnetic
             interaction on few-nucleon systems. We briefly describe the
             experiment, and present and discuss the numerous results
             obtained. © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1146/annurev-nucl-100809-131956},
   Key = {fds246107}
}

@article{fds246108,
   Author = {Qian, X and Chen, W and Gao, H and Hicks, K and Kramer, K and Laget, JM and Mibe, T and Qiang, Y and Stepanyan, S and Tedeschi, DJ and Xu, W and Adhikari, KP and Amaryan, M and Anghinolfi, M and Ball, J and Battaglieri, M and Batourine, V and Bedlinskiy, I and Bellis, M and Biselli, AS and Bookwalter, C and Branford, D and Briscoe, WJ and Brooks, WK and Burkert, VD and Careccia, SL and Carman, DS and Cole, PL and Collins, P and Crede, V and D'Angelo, A and Daniel, A and Dashyan, N and Vita, RD and Sanctis, ED and Deur, A and Dey, B and Dhamija, S and Djalali,
             C and Doughty, D and Dupre, R and Egiyan, H and Alaoui, AE et
             al.},
   Title = {Near-threshold photoproduction of Φ mesons from
             deuterium},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {696},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {338-342},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.12.065},
   Abstract = {We report the first, kinematically-complete measurement of
             the differential cross section of Φ-meson photoproduction
             from deuterium near the production threshold for a proton
             using the CLAS detector and a tagged-photon beam in Hall B
             at Jefferson Lab. The measurement was carried out by a
             triple coincidence detection of a proton, K+ and K- near the
             theoretical production threshold of 1.57 GeV. The extracted
             differential cross sections dσ/dt for the initial photon
             energy range of 1.65-1.75 GeV are consistent with
             predictions based on a quasifree mechanism. Our finding is
             different from recent LEPS results on Φ-meson
             photoproduction from deuterium in a similar incident photon
             energy range, but in a different momentum transfer region.
             © 2011 Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2010.12.065},
   Key = {fds246108}
}

@article{fds246110,
   Author = {Nuruzzaman, and Dutta, D and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Benmokhtar, F and Boeglin, W and Bosted, P and Bruell, A and Clasie, B and Christy, ME and Chudakov, E and Dalton, MM and Daniel, A and Day, D and Fassi, LE and Ent, R and Fenker, HC and Ferrer, J and Fomin, N and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Gaskell, D and Gray, C and Horn, T and Huber, GM and Jones,
             MK and Kalantarians, N and Keppel, CE and Kramer, K and Li, Y and Liang, Y and Lung, AF and Malace, S and Markowitz, P and Matsumura, A and Meekins,
             DG and Mertens, T and Miyoshi, T and Mkrtchyan, H and Monson, R and Navasardyan, T and Niculescu, G et al.},
   Title = {Nuclear transparency and effective kaon-nucleon cross
             section from the A(e,eK+)
             reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {015210},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.84.015210},
   Abstract = {We have determined the transparency of the nuclear medium to
             kaons from A(e,e′K+) measurements on C12, Cu63, and Au197
             targets. The measurements were performed at the Jefferson
             Laboratory and span a range in four-momentum-transfer
             squared Q2=1.1-3.0GeV2. The nuclear transparency was defined
             as the ratio of measured kaon electroproduction cross
             sections with respect to deuterium (σA/σD). We further
             extracted the atomic number (A) dependence of the
             transparency as parametrized by T=(A/2)α-1 and, within a
             simple model assumption, the in-medium effective
             kaon-nucleon cross sections. The effective cross sections
             extracted from the electroproduction data were found to be
             smaller than the free cross sections determined from
             kaon-nucleon scattering experiments, and the parameter α
             was found to be significantly larger than those obtained
             from kaon-nucleus scattering. We have included similar
             comparisons between pion- and proton-nucleon effective cross
             sections as determined from electron-scattering experiments
             and pion-nucleus and proton-nucleus scattering data. © 2011
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.84.015210},
   Key = {fds246110}
}

@article{fds246115,
   Author = {Tarasov, VE and Briscoe, WJ and Gao, H and Kudryavtsev, AE and Strakovsky, II},
   Title = {Extracting the photoproduction cross section off the neutron
             $\gamma n \rightarrow \pi^- p$ from deuteron data with FSI
             effects},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {035203},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.84.035203},
   Abstract = {The incoherent pion photoproduction reaction
             γd→π -pp is considered theoretically in a wide
             energy region E th≤Eγ≤2700 MeV. The model
             applied contains the impulse approximation as well as the NN
             and πN final-state-interaction (FSI) amplitudes. The aim
             of the paper is to study a reliable way for getting the
             information on elementary γn→π-p reaction
             cross sections beyond the impulse approximation for
             γd→π-pp. For the elementary
             γN→πN, NN→NN, and πN→πN
             amplitudes, the results of The George Washington University
             (GW) Data Analysis Center (DAC) are used. There are no
             additional theoretical constraints. The calculated cross
             sections dσ/dΩ(γd→π-pp) are compared
             with existing data. The procedure used to extract
             information on the differential cross section
             dσ/dΩ(γn→π -p) on the neutron from the
             deuteron data using the FSI correction factor R is
             discussed. The calculations for R versus π-p
             center-of-mass (CM) angle θ1 of the outgoing pion are
             performed at different photon-beam energies with kinematic
             cuts for a "quasifree" process γn→π-p. The
             results show a sizable FSI effect R≠1 from the S-wave
             part of pp-FSI at small angles close to θ1∼0: this
             region narrows as the photon energy increases. At larger
             angles, the effect is small (|R-1| 1) and agrees with
             estimations of FSI in the Glauber approach. © 2011
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.84.035203},
   Key = {fds246115}
}

@article{fds246116,
   Author = {Gao, H and Gamberg, L and Chen, J-P and Qian, X and Qiang, Y and Huang, M and Afanasev, A and Anselmino, M and Avakian, H and Cates, G and Chudakov,
             E and Cisbani, E and Jager, CD and Garibaldi, F and Hu, BT and Jiang, X and Kumar, KS and Li, XM and Lu, HJ and Meziani, Z-E and Ma, B-Q and Mao, YJ and Peng, J-C and Prokudin, A and Schlegel, M and Souder, P and Xiao, ZG and Ye, Y and Zhu, L},
   Title = {Transverse spin structure of the nucleon through target
             single-spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic (e,
             e′π ±) reaction at Jefferson
             lab},
   Journal = {European Physical Journal Plus},
   Volume = {126},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-16},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {2190-5444},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000290305900013&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {Jefferson Lab (JLab) 12 GeV energy upgrade provides a golden
             opportunity to perform precision studies of the transverse
             spin and transverse-momentum-dependent structure in the
             valence quark region for both the proton and the neutron. In
             this paper, we focus our discussion on a recently approved
             experiment on the neutron as an example of the precision
             studies planned at JLab. The new experiment will perform
             precision measurements of target Single-Spin Asymmetries
             (SSA) from semi-inclusive electroproduction of charged pions
             from a 40 cm long transversely polarized 3He target in
             deep-inelastic-scattering kinematics using 11 and 8.8 GeV
             electron beams. This new coincidence experiment in Hall A
             will employ a newly proposed solenoid spectrometer (SoLID).
             The large acceptance spectrometer and the high polarized
             luminosity will provide precise 4D (x, z, P T and Q 2) data
             on the Collins, Sivers, and pretzelosity asymmetries for the
             neutron through the azimuthal angular dependence. The full
             2π azimuthal angular coverage in the lab is essential in
             controlling the systematic uncertainties. The results from
             this experiment, when combined with the proton Collins
             asymmetry measurement and the Collins fragmentation function
             determined from the e +e - collision data, will allow for a
             quark flavor separation in order to achieve a determination
             of the tensor charge of the d quark to a 10% accuracy. The
             extracted Sivers and pretzelosity asymmetries will provide
             important information to understand the correlations between
             the quark orbital angular momentum and the nucleon spin and
             between the quark spin and nucleon spin. © Società
             Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag 2011.},
   Doi = {10.1140/epjp/i2011-11002-4},
   Key = {fds246116}
}

@article{fds246117,
   Author = {Zheng, W and Gao, H and Ye, Q and Zhang, Y},
   Title = {Pressure dependence of wall relaxation in polarized He3
             gaseous cells},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {83},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {061401(R)},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.83.061401},
   Abstract = {We have observed a linear pressure dependence of
             longitudinal relaxation time T1 at 4.2 and 295 K in gaseous
             He3 cells made of either bare Pyrex glass or Cs- or
             Rb-coated Pyrex due to paramagnetic sites in the cell wall.
             The paramagnetic wall relaxation is previously thought to be
             independent of He3 pressure. We develop a model to interpret
             the observed wall relaxation by taking into account the
             diffusion process, and our model gives a good description of
             the data. © 2011 American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.83.061401},
   Key = {fds246117}
}

@article{fds304560,
   Author = {Tarasov, VE and Briscoe, WJ and Gao, H and Kudryavtsev, AE and Strakovsky, II},
   Title = {Extracting the photoproduction cross sections off the
             neutron, via the γn→π-p reaction, from
             deuteron data with final-state interaction
             effects},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {3},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.84.035203},
   Abstract = {The incoherent pion photoproduction reaction γd→π -pp is
             considered theoretically in a wide energy region E
             th≤Eγ≤2700 MeV. The model applied contains the impulse
             approximation as well as the NN and πN final-state-interaction
             (FSI) amplitudes. The aim of the paper is to study a
             reliable way for getting the information on elementary
             γn→π-p reaction cross sections beyond the impulse
             approximation for γd→π-pp. For the elementary γN→πN,
             NN→NN, and πN→πN amplitudes, the results of The George
             Washington University (GW) Data Analysis Center (DAC) are
             used. There are no additional theoretical constraints. The
             calculated cross sections dσ/dΩ(γd→π-pp) are compared
             with existing data. The procedure used to extract
             information on the differential cross section
             dσ/dΩ(γn→π -p) on the neutron from the deuteron data
             using the FSI correction factor R is discussed. The
             calculations for R versus π-p center-of-mass (CM) angle θ1
             of the outgoing pion are performed at different photon-beam
             energies with kinematic cuts for a "quasifree" process
             γn→π-p. The results show a sizable FSI effect R≠1 from
             the S-wave part of pp-FSI at small angles close to θ1∼0:
             this region narrows as the photon energy increases. At
             larger angles, the effect is small (|R-1| 1) and agrees with
             estimations of FSI in the Glauber approach. © 2011 American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.84.035203},
   Key = {fds304560}
}

@article{fds246077,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Nucleon transversity study using a polarized 3He
             target in Hall A at JLab},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {844},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {202c-205c},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2010.05.036},
   Abstract = {A first measurement of Single target Spin Asymmetry (SSA)
             from semi-inclusive electro-production of charged pions from
             a transversely polarized 3He target in Deep-Inelastic-Scattering
             kinematics was completed in Hall A at Jefferson Lab in early
             2009. Such SSA will allow for an extraction of the much
             desired information on the Collins and Sivers asymmetry from
             the "neutron" in order to probe the quark transversity
             distributions. Future 11 GeV measurements at Jefferson Lab
             in Hall A using a solenoid magnetic detector system is being
             planned. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2010.05.036},
   Key = {fds246077}
}

@article{fds246078,
   Author = {Qian, X and Horn, T and Clasie, B and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Benmokhtar, F and Boeglin, W and Bosted, P and Bruell, A and Christy,
             ME and Chudakov, E and Dalton, MM and Daniel, A and Day, D and Dutta, D and Fassi, LE and Ent, R and Fenker, HC and Ferrer, J and Fomin, N and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Gaskell, D and Gray, C and Huber, GM and Jones, MK and Kalantarians, N and Keppel, CE and Kramer, K and Li, Y and Liang, Y and Lung, AF and Malace, S and Markowitz, P and Matsumura, A and Meekins,
             DG and Mertens, T and Miyoshi, T and Mkrtchyan, H and Monson, R and Navasardyan, T and Niculescu, G and Niculescu, I et
             al.},
   Title = {Experimental study of the A(e,e′π+) reaction
             on H1, H2, C12, Al27, Cu63, and Au197},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {81},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4261 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {Cross sections for the H1(e,e′π+)n process on H1, H2,
             C12, Al27, Cu63, and Au197 targets were measured at the
             Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson
             Lab) to extract nuclear transparencies. Data were taken from
             Q2=1.1-4.7 GeV2 for a fixed center-of-mass energy of W=2.14
             GeV. The ratio of σL and σT was extracted from the
             measured cross sections for H1, H2, C12, and Cu63 targets at
             Q2=2.15 and 4.0 GeV2, allowing for additional studies of the
             reaction mechanism. In this article, we present the
             experimental setup and the analysis of the data in detail,
             including systematic uncertainty studies. Differential cross
             sections and nuclear transparencies as a function of the
             pion momentum at different values of Q2 are presented. Our
             results are consistent with the predicted early onset of
             color transparency in mesons. Global features of the data
             are discussed and the data are compared with model
             calculations for the H1(e,e′π+)n reaction from nuclear
             targets. © 2010 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.81.055209},
   Key = {fds246078}
}

@article{fds246112,
   Author = {Crawford, C and Akdogan, T and Alarcon, R and Bertozzi, W and Booth, E and Botto, T and Calarco, JR and Clasie, B and Grush, AD and Donnelly, TW and Dow, K and Farkhondeh, M and Fatemi, R and Filoti, O and Franklin, W and Gao, H and Geis, E and Gilad, S and Hasell, D and Karpius, P and Kohl, M and Kolster, H and Lee, T and Lomon, E and Maschinot, A and Matthews, J and McIlhany, K and Meitanis, N and Milner, R and Rapaport, J and Redwine,
             R and Seely, J and Shinozaki, A and Sindile, A and Širca, S and Six, E and Smith, T and Tonguc, B and Tschalaer, C and Tsentalovich, E and Turchinetz, W and Xiao, Y and Xu, W et al.},
   Title = {Role of mesons in the electromagnetic form factors of the
             nucleon},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {045211},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4269 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {The roles played by mesons in the electromagnetic form
             factors of the nucleon are explored using as a basis a model
             containing vector mesons with coupling to the continuum
             together with the asymptotic Q2 behavior of perturbative
             QCD. Specifically, the vector dominance model (GKex)
             developed by E. L. Lomon is employed, as it is known to be
             very successful in representing the existing high-quality
             data published to date. An analysis is made of the
             experimental uncertainties present when the differences
             between the GKex model and the data are expanded in
             orthonormal basis functions. A main motivation for the
             present study is to provide insight into how the various
             ingredients in this model yield the measured behavior,
             including discussions of when dipole form factors are to be
             expected or not, of which mesons are the major contributors,
             for instance, at low Q2 or large distances, and of what
             effects are predicted from coupling to the continuum. Such
             insights are first discussed in momentum space, followed by
             an analysis of how different and potentially useful
             information emerges when both the experimental and
             theoretical electric form factors are Fourier transformed to
             coordinate space. While these Fourier transforms should not
             be interpreted as "charge distributions," nevertheless the
             roles played by the various mesons, especially those which
             are dominant at large or small distance scales, can be
             explored via such experiment-theory comparisons. © 2010 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.82.045211},
   Key = {fds246112}
}

@article{fds246113,
   Author = {al, HGWXQE},
   Title = {Study of the A(e,e'pi^+) Reaction on 1H, 2H, 12C, 27Al, 63Cu
             and 197Au},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {81},
   Pages = {055209},
   Year = {2010},
   Key = {fds246113}
}

@article{fds246118,
   Author = {Ye, Q and Chen, W and al, HGE},
   Title = {A High Pressure Polarized 3He Gas Target for the High
             Intensity Gamma Source Facility at the Duke Free Electron
             Laser Laboratory},
   Journal = {European Phys. Journal A},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {55},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2010-10932-0},
   Abstract = {Following the first experiment on three-body
             photodisintegration of polarized 3He utilizing circularly
             polarized photons from High-Intensity Gamma Source (HIγS)
             at Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL), a new
             high-pressure polarized 3He target cell made of pyrex glass
             coated with a thin layer of sol-gel doped with aluminum
             nitrate nonahydrate has been built in order to reduce the
             photon beam-induced background. The target is based on the
             technique of spin exchange optical pumping of hybrid
             rubidium and potassium and the highest polarization achieved
             is ~ 62% determined from both NMR-AFP and EPR polarimetries.
             The phenomenological parameter that reflects the additional
             unknown spin relaxation processes, X, is estimated to be ~
             0.10 and the performance of the target is in good agreement
             with theoretical predictions. We also present beam test
             results from this new target cell and the comparison with
             the GE180 3He target cell used previously at HIγS. This
             is the first time that the sol-gel coating technique has
             been used in a polarized 3He target for nuclear-physics
             experiments. © 2010 SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin
             Heidelberg.},
   Doi = {10.1140/epja/i2010-10932-0},
   Key = {fds246118}
}

@article{fds246119,
   Author = {Qiang, Y and Azimov, YI and Strakovsky, II and Briscoe, WJ and Gao, H and Higinbotham, DW and Nelyubin, VV},
   Title = {Properties of the ∧(1520) resonance from high-precision
             electroproduction data},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {694},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {123-128},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.052},
   Abstract = {High-resolution spectrometer measurements of the reaction
             H(e,e'K+)X at small Q2 are used to extract the mass and
             width of the "(1520). We investigate the influence of
             various assumptions used in the extraction. The width
             appears to be more sensitive to the assumptions than the
             mass. To reach a width uncertainty about 1 MeV or better,
             one needs to know the structure of the non-resonant
             background. Based on the new Jefferson Lab Hall A data, our
             final values for the Breit-Wigner parameters are
             M=1520.4±0.6(stat.)±1.5(syst.) MeV, Γ=18.6±1.9(stat.)±1(syst.)
             MeV. We also estimate, for the first time, the pole position
             for this resonance and find that both the pole mass and
             width seem to be smaller than their Breit-Wigner values. ©
             2010 Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.052},
   Key = {fds246119}
}

@article{fds304559,
   Author = {Ye, Q and Laskaris, G and Chen, W and Gao, H and Zheng, W and Zong, X and Averett, T and Cates, GD and Tobias, WA},
   Title = {A high-pressure polarized 3He gas target for
             nuclear-physics experiments using a polarized photon
             beam},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal A - Hadrons and
             Nuclei},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {55-61},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2010-10932-0},
   Abstract = {Following the first experiment on three-body
             photodisintegration of polarized 3He utilizing circularly
             polarized photons from High-Intensity Gamma Source (HIγS)
             at Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL), a new
             high-pressure polarized 3He target cell made of pyrex glass
             coated with a thin layer of sol-gel doped with aluminum
             nitrate nonahydrate has been built in order to reduce the
             photon beam-induced background. The target is based on the
             technique of spin exchange optical pumping of hybrid
             rubidium and potassium and the highest polarization achieved
             is ~ 62% determined from both NMR-AFP and EPR polarimetries.
             The phenomenological parameter that reflects the additional
             unknown spin relaxation processes, X, is estimated to be ~
             0.10 and the performance of the target is in good agreement
             with theoretical predictions. We also present beam test
             results from this new target cell and the comparison with
             the GE180 3He target cell used previously at HIγS. This is
             the first time that the sol-gel coating technique has been
             used in a polarized 3He target for nuclear-physics
             experiments. © 2010 SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin
             Heidelberg.},
   Doi = {10.1140/epja/i2010-10932-0},
   Key = {fds304559}
}

@article{fds246153,
   Author = {Chen, W and Mibe, T and Dutta, D and Gao, H and Laget, JM and Mirazita, M and Rossi, P and Stepanyan, S and Strakovsky, II and Amaryan, MJ and Anghinolfi, M and Bagdasaryan, H and Battaglieri, M and Bellis, M and Berman, BL and Biselli, AS and Bookwalter, C and Branford, D and Briscoe, WJ and Brooks, WK and Burkert, VD and Careccia, SL and Carman,
             DS and Casey, L and Cole, PL and Collins, P and Crede, V and Daniel, A and Dashyan, N and De Vita and R and De Sanctis and E and Deur, A and Dhamija, S and Dickson, R and Djalali, C and Dodge, GE and Doughty, D and Egiyan, H and Eugenio, P and Fedotov, G and Fradi, A et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the differential cross section for the
             reaction gamman-->pi- p from deuterium.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {103},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {012301},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19659138},
   Abstract = {We report a measurement of the differential cross section
             for the gamman-->pi- p process from the CLAS detector at
             Jefferson Laboratory in Hall B for photon energies between
             1.0 and 3.5 GeV and pion center-of-mass (c.m.) angles
             (thetac.m.) between 50 degrees and 115 degrees. We confirm a
             previous indication of a broad enhancement around a c.m.
             energy ([sqrt]s) of 2.1 GeV at thetac.m.=90 degrees in the
             scaled differential cross section s7dsigma/dt and a rapid
             falloff in a center-of-mass energy region of about 400 MeV
             following the enhancement. Our data show an angular
             dependence of this enhancement as the suggested scaling
             region is approached for thetac.m. from 70 degrees to 105
             degrees.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.012301},
   Key = {fds246153}
}

@article{fds246072,
   Author = {Chen, W and Gao, H},
   Title = {Charged pion photoproduction},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {1182},
   Pages = {851-854},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3293942},
   Abstract = {We extracted the differential cross section for the γn →
             π- p process from a deuterium target using the CLAS
             detector at Jefferson Lab in Hall B for photon energies
             between 1.0 and 3.5 GeV and pion center-of-mass (c.m.)
             angles (θc.m.) between 50° and 115°. We confirm a
             previous indication of a broad enhancement around a cm.
             energy (√s) of 2.1 GeV at θc.m. =90° in the scaled
             differential cross section, s7 σ/dt and a rapid fall-off in
             a center-of-mass energy region of about 400 MeV following
             the enhancement. Our data show an angular dependence of this
             enhancement as the suggested scaling region is approached
             for θc.m. from 70° to 105°. © 2009 American Institute of
             Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.3293942},
   Key = {fds246072}
}

@article{fds246073,
   Author = {Laveissière, G and Degrande, N and Jaminion, S and Jutier, C and Todor,
             L and Salvo, RD and Hoorebeke, LV and Alexa, LC and Anderson, BD and Aniol,
             KA and Arundell, K and Audit, G and Auerbach, L and Baker, FT and Baylac,
             M and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot, L and Boeglin,
             WU and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Cavata, C and Chang, C-C and Chen, J-P and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Dale, DS and Jager, CWD and Leo, RD and Deur, A and D'Hose,
             N and Dodge, GE and Domingo, JJ and Elouadrhiri, L and Epstein, MB and Ewell, LA and Finn, JM et al.},
   Title = {Virtual Compton scattering and neutral pion
             electroproduction in the resonance region up to the deep
             inelastic region at backward angles},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {79},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.79.015201},
   Abstract = {We have made the first measurements of the virtual Compton
             scattering (VCS) process via the H(e, e'p)γ exclusive
             reaction in the nucleon resonance region, at backward
             angles. Results are presented for the W-dependence at fixed
             Q2=1 GeV2 and for the Q2 dependence at fixed W near 1.5 GeV.
             The VCS data show resonant structures in the first and
             second resonance regions. The observed Q2 dependence is
             smooth. The measured ratio of H(e, e'p)γ to H(e, e'p)π0
             cross sections emphasizes the different sensitivity of these
             two reactions to the various nucleon resonances. Finally,
             when compared to real Compton scattering (RCS) at high
             energy and large angles, our VCS data at the highest W
             (1.8-1.9 GeV) show a striking Q2 independence, which may
             suggest a transition to a perturbative scattering mechanism
             at the quark level. © 2009 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.79.015201},
   Key = {fds246073}
}

@article{fds246074,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {New results from the bates large acceptance spectrometer
             toroid (blast)},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {209-219},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0218-3013},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218301309012227},
   Abstract = {An experiment using the novel technique of scattering a
             longitudinally polarized electron beam from polarized
             internal hydrogen/deuterium gas targets was carried out in
             the South Hall Ring at the MIT-Bates Accelerator Center. The
             scattered particles were detected by the Bates Large
             Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST) detector. The proton
             electric to magnetic form factor ratio, $\frac{G-E^p}{G-M^p}$
             at Q2 = 0.1 - 0.65 (GeV/c) 2 has been determined from the
             experiment by measuring the spin-dependent ep elastic
             scattering asymmetry in the two symmetric sectors of the
             BLAST simultaneously for the first time. The neutron
             electric form factor $G-E^n$ in the same Q2 range has been
             extracted by measuring the spin-dependent asymmetry from the
             $\vec d(\vec e,e'n)$ process with a vector polarized
             deuterium target. These results on the nucleon form factors
             from the BLAST experiment are presented. © 2009 World
             Scientific Publishing Company.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S0218301309012227},
   Key = {fds246074}
}

@article{fds246075,
   Author = {Qian, X and Chen, W and Gao, H and Hicks, K and Kramer, K and Laget, JM and Mibe, T and Stepanyan, S and Tedeschi, DJ and Xu, W and Adhikari, KP and Amaryan, M and Anghinolfi, M and Baghdasaryan, H and Ball, J and Battaglieri, M and Batourine, V and Bedlinskiy, I and Bellis, M and Biselli, AS and Bookwalter, C and Branford, D and Briscoe, WJ and Brooks, WK and Burkert, VD and Careccia, SL and Carman, DS and Cole, PL and Collins, P and Crede, V and D'Angelo, A and Daniel, A and Dashyan, N and Vita, RD and Sanctis, ED and Deur, A and Dey, B and Dhamija, S and Dickson,
             R and Djalali, C and Dodge, GE and Doughty, D et al.},
   Title = {The extraction of φ{symbol} - N total cross section from d
             (γ, p K+ K-) n},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {680},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {417-422},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2009.09.024},
   Abstract = {We report on the first measurement of the differential cross
             section of φ{symbol}-meson photoproduction for the d (γ, p
             K+ K-) n exclusive reaction channel. The experiment was
             performed using a tagged-photon beam and the CEBAF Large
             Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab. A combined
             analysis using data from the d (γ, p K+ K-) n channel and
             those from a previous publication on coherent φ{symbol}
             production on the deuteron has been carried out to extract
             the φ{symbol} - N total cross section, σφ{symbol} N. The
             extracted φ{symbol} - N total cross section favors a value
             above 20 mb. This value is larger than the value extracted
             using vector-meson dominance models for φ{symbol}
             photoproduction on the proton. © 2009 Elsevier
             B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2009.09.024},
   Key = {fds246075}
}

@article{fds246076,
   Author = {Seely, J and Daniel, A and Gaskell, D and Arrington, J and Fomin, N and Solvignon, P and Asaturyan, R and Benmokhtar, F and Boeglin, W and Boillat, B and Bosted, P and Bruell, A and Bukhari, MHS and Christy, ME and Clasie, B and Connell, S and Dalton, MM and Day, D and Dunne, J and Dutta,
             D and Fassi, LE and Ent, R and Fenker, H and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Hill, C and Holt, RJ and Horn, T and Hungerford, E and Jones, MK and Jourdan, J and Kalantarians, N and Keppel, CE and Kiselev, D and Kotulla, M and Lee, C and Lung, AF and Malace, S and Meekins, DG and Mertens, T and Mkrtchyan, H and Navasardyan, T et
             al.},
   Title = {New measurements of the European muon collaboration effect
             in very light nuclei},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {103},
   Number = {20},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.202301},
   Abstract = {New Jefferson Lab data are presented on the nuclear
             dependence of the inclusive cross section from H2, He3, He4,
             Be9 and C12 for 0.3&lt;x&lt;0.9, Q23-6GeV2. These data
             represent the first measurement of the EMC effect for He3 at
             large x and a significant improvement for He4. The data do
             not support previous A-dependent or density-dependent fits
             to the EMC effect and suggest that the nuclear dependence of
             the quark distributions may depend on the local nuclear
             environment. © 2009 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.202301},
   Key = {fds246076}
}

@article{fds246114,
   Author = {al, HGWJSE},
   Title = {New measurements of the EMC effect in very light
             nuclei},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {103},
   Pages = {202301},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds246114}
}

@article{fds246122,
   Author = {Hasell, D and Akdogan, T and Alarcon, R and Bertozzi, W and Booth, E and Botto, T and Calarco, JR and Clasie, B and Crawford, C and DeGrush, A and Dow, K and Dutta, D and Farkhondeh, M and Fatemi, R and Filoti, O and Franklin, W and Gao, H and Geis, E and Gilad, S and Hersman, W and Holtrop,
             M and Ihloff, E and Karpius, P and Kelsey, J and Kohl, M and Kolster, H and Krause, S and Lee, T and Maschinot, A and Matthews, J and McIlhany, K and Meitanis, N and Milner, R and Rapaport, J and Redwine, R and Seely, J and Shinozaki, A and Sindile, A and Širca, S and Smith, T and Sobczynski,
             S and Tanguay, M and Tonguc, B et al.},
   Title = {The BLAST experiment},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {603},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {247-262},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2009.01.131},
   Abstract = {The Bates large acceptance spectrometer toroid (BLAST)
             experiment was operated at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator
             Center from 2003 until 2005. The detector and experimental
             program were designed to study, in a systematic manner, the
             spin-dependent electromagnetic interaction in few-nucleon
             systems. As such the data will provide improved measurements
             for neutron, proton, and deuteron form factors. The data
             will also allow details of the reaction mechanism, such as
             the role of final state interactions, pion production, and
             resonances to be studied. The experiment used: a
             longitudinally polarized electron beam stored in the South
             Hall Storage Ring; a highly polarized, isotopically pure,
             internal gas target of hydrogen or deuterium provided by an
             atomic beam source; and a symmetric, general purpose
             detector based on a toroidal spectrometer with tracking,
             time-of-flight, Cherenkov, and neutron detectors. Details of
             the experiment and operation are presented. © 2009 Elsevier
             B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2009.01.131},
   Key = {fds246122}
}

@article{fds246152,
   Author = {Marrone, S and Wojtsekhowski, BB and Acha, A and Cisbani, E and Coman,
             M and Cusanno, F and Jager, CWD and Leo, RD and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Higinbotham, DW and Iodice, M and Lerose, JJ and Macchia, D and Markowitz, P and Nappi, E and Palmisano, F and Urciuoli, GM and Werf,
             IVD and Xiang, H and Zhu, LY},
   Title = {Performance of the two aerogel Cherenkov detectors of the
             JLab hall a hadron spectrometer},
   Journal = {Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica
             B},
   Volume = {124},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {99-114},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {1594-9982},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1393/ncb/i2009-10743-5},
   Abstract = {We report on the design and commissioning of two silica
             aerogel Cherenkov detectors with different refractive
             indices. In particular, very high performance in terms of
             the number of detected photoelectrons was achieved through
             an appropriate choice of PMT type and reflector, along with
             some design considerations. After four years of operation,
             the number of detected photoelectrons was found to be
             noticeably reduced in both detectors as a result of
             contamination, yellowing, of the aerogel material. Along
             with the details of the set-up, we illustrate the
             characteristics of the detectors during different time
             periods and the probable causes of the contamination. In
             particular we show that the replacement of the contaminated
             aerogel and parts of the reflecting material has almost
             restored the initial performance of the detectors. ©
             Società Italians di Fisica.},
   Doi = {10.1393/ncb/i2009-10743-5},
   Key = {fds246152}
}

@article{fds246154,
   Author = {Qian, X and Chen, W and al, HGE},
   Title = {The extraction of phi-N total differential cross section
             from d(gamma,pK^+K^-)n},
   Journal = {Phys. Lett. B},
   Volume = {680},
   Pages = {417},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds246154}
}

@article{fds246155,
   Author = {Ye, Q and Gao, H and Zheng, W and Dutta, D and Dubose, F and Golub, R and Huffman, P and Swank, C and Korobkina, E},
   Title = {Relaxation of spin-polarized H3 e in mixtures of H3 e and H4
             e at about 330 mK},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {80},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {023403},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.80.023403},
   Abstract = {We report the measurements of depolarization probabilities
             of polarized H3 e in a rectangular acrylic cell with a
             deuterated tetraphenyl butadiene-doped deuterated
             polystyrene coating filled with superfluid H4 e at ∼330mK
             with a magnetic holding field of ∼7.3G. We achieve a wall
             depolarization probability of ∼1.0× 10-7. Such a surface
             will find application in a new experiment searching for the
             neutron electric dipole moment and other applications. ©
             2009 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.80.023403},
   Key = {fds246155}
}

@article{fds246161,
   Author = {Weller, HR and Ahmed, MW and Gao, H and Tornow, W and Wu, YK and Gai, M and Miskimen, R},
   Title = {Research opportunities at the upgraded HIγS
             facility},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {257-303},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2008.07.001},
   Abstract = {The High Intensity γ-ray Source (HIγS) is a joint project
             between the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL)
             and the Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL). This
             facility utilizes intra-cavity back-scattering of the FEL
             light in order to produce intense γ-ray beams. An upgrade
             which allows for the production of γ-rays up to energies of
             about 100 MeV having total intensities in excess of 108/s is
             essentially complete. The primary component of the upgrade
             is a 1.2 GeV booster-injector which makes it possible to
             replace lost electrons at full energy. In addition, an
             upgrade of the present linear undulator to a helical system
             has made it possible to produce nearly 100% linear and
             circularly polarized beams. The full system was commissioned
             in the early part of 2007. A nuclear physics research
             program using beams at energies below 50 MeV commenced in
             the fall of 2007. The proposed experimental program includes
             low-energy studies of nuclear reactions of importance in
             nuclear astrophysics as well as studies of nuclear structure
             using the technique of nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF).
             Few-body nuclear physics problems will also be addressed by
             studying photodisintegration of d, 3He and 4He. Future
             double-polarization experiments include a study of the
             Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn Sum Rule for the deuteron and 3He, and
             an extensive Compton scattering program designed to probe
             the internal structure of the nucleon. A major focus of
             these studies will be the measurement of the electric and
             magnetic polarizabilities as well as the
             spin-polarizabilities of the proton and the neutron. This
             review will describe the principles of operation of the
             upgraded facility, followed by a description of the
             performance which has been achieved to date, and a
             projection of the performance anticipated in the near
             future. Following this, we will review several of the
             research areas of nuclear physics which are accessible using
             this facility, and describe both the results to date and
             proposed experiments being developed for the future. © 2008
             Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.ppnp.2008.07.001},
   Key = {fds246161}
}

@article{fds246156,
   Author = {Horn, T and Qian, X and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Benmokthar, F and Boeglin, W and Bosted, P and Bruell, A and Christy, ME and Chudakov, E and Clasie, B and Dalton, MM and Daniel, A and Day, D and Dutta, D and Fassi,
             LE and Ent, R and Fenker, H and Ferrer, J and Fomin, N and Gao, H and Garrow,
             K and Gaskell, D and Gray, C and Huber, GM and Jones, MK and Kalantarians,
             N and Keppel, CE and Kramer, K and Li, Y and Liang, Y and Lung, AF and Malace,
             S and Markowitz, P and Matsumura, A and Meekins, D and Mertens, T and Miyoshi, T and Mkrtchyan, H and Monson, R and Navasardyan, T and Niculescu, G and Niculescu, I et al.},
   Title = {Scaling study of the pion electroproduction cross
             sections},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {058201},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.78.058201},
   Abstract = {The 1H(e,e'π+)n cross section was measured for arange of
             four-momentum transfer up to Q2=3.91 GeV2 at values of the
             invariant mass W above the resonance region. The Q2
             dependence of the longitudinal component was found to be
             consistent with the Q2-scaling prediction for hard exclusive
             processes. This suggests that the QCD factorization theorem
             is applicable at rather low values of Q2. The transverse
             term falls off slower than the naive Q-8 expectation and
             remains appreciable even at Q2=3.91 GeV2. © 2008 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.78.058201},
   Key = {fds246156}
}

@article{fds246157,
   Author = {Solvignon, P and Liyanage, N and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Aniol, K and Averett, T and Boeglin, W and Camsonne, A and Cates, GD and Chang, CC and Chudakov, E and Craver, B and Cusanno, F and Deur, A and Dutta, D and Ent,
             R and Feuerbach, R and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gilman,
             R and Glashausser, C and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW and Ibrahim, H and Jiang, X and Jones, M and Kelleher, A and Kelly, J and Keppel, C and Kim, W and Korsch, W and Kramer, K and Kumbartzki, G and Lerose, JJ and Lindgren, R and Ma, B and Margaziotis, DJ and Markowitz,
             P and McCormick, K and Meziani, Z-E et al.},
   Title = {Quark-hadron fuality in neutron (He3) spin
             structure},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {18},
   Pages = {182502},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.182502},
   Abstract = {We present experimental results of the first high-precision
             test of quark-hadron duality in the spin-structure function
             g1 of the neutron and He3 using a polarized He3 target in
             the four-momentum-transfer-squared range from 0.7 to
             4.0(GeV/c)2. Global duality is observed for the
             spin-structure function g1 down to at least Q2=1.8(GeV/c)2
             in both targets. We have also formed the photon-nucleon
             asymmetry A1 in the resonance region for He3 and found no
             strong Q2 dependence above 2.2(GeV/c)2. © 2008 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.182502},
   Key = {fds246157}
}

@article{fds246158,
   Author = {Ye, Q and Dutta, D and Gao, H and Kramer, K and Qian, X and Zong, X and Hannelius, L and McKeown, RD and Heyburn, B and Singer, S and Golub, R and Korobkina, E},
   Title = {Relaxation of spin polarized H3 e in mixtures of H3 e and H4
             e below the H4 e lambda point},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {77},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {053408},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.77.053408},
   Abstract = {We report a first study of the depolarization behavior of
             spin polarized H3 e in a mixture of H3 e- H4 e at a
             temperature below the H4 e λ point in a deuterated
             tetraphenyl butadiene-doped deuterated polystyrene
             (dTPB-dPS) coated acrylic cell. In our experiment the
             measured H3 e relaxation time is due to the convolution of
             the H3 e longitudinal relaxation time, T1, and the diffusion
             time constant of H3 e in superfluid H4 e since
             depolarization takes place on the walls. We have obtained a
             H3 e relaxation time of ∼3000s at a temperature around 1.9
             K. We have shown that it is possible to achieve values of
             wall depolarization probability on the order of (1-2) ×
             10-7 for polarized H3 e in the superfluid H4 e from a
             dTPB-dPS coated acrylic surface. © 2008 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.77.053408},
   Key = {fds246158}
}

@article{fds246159,
   Author = {Slifer, K and Amarian, M and Auerbach, L and Averett, T and Berthot, J and Bertin, P and Bertozzi, B and Black, T and Brash, E and Brown, D and Burtin, E and Calarco, J and Cates, G and Chai, Z and Chen, J-P and Choi,
             S and Chudakov, E and Atti, CCD and Cisbani, E and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and Disalvo, R and Dieterich, S and Djawotho, P and Finn, M and Fissum, K and Fonvieille, H and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gasparian, A and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Goldberg, E and Gomez,
             J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, B et
             al.},
   Title = {He3 spin-dependent cross sections and sum
             rules},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {022303},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.022303},
   Abstract = {We present a measurement of the spin-dependent cross
             sections for the He→3(e→,e′)X reaction in the
             quasielastic and resonance regions at a four-momentum
             transfer 0.1≤Q2≤0.9GeV2. The spin-structure functions
             have been extracted and used to evaluate the nuclear
             Burkhardt-Cottingham and extended Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum
             rules for the first time. The data are also compared to an
             impulse approximation calculation and an exact three-body
             Faddeev calculation in the quasielastic region. © 2008 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.022303},
   Key = {fds246159}
}

@article{fds246160,
   Author = {Geis, E and Kohl, M and Ziskin, V and Akdogan, T and Arenhövel, H and Alarcon, R and Bertozzi, W and Booth, E and Botto, T and Calarco, J and Clasie, B and Crawford, CB and DeGrush, A and Donnelly, TW and Dow, K and Farkhondeh, M and Fatemi, R and Filoti, O and Franklin, W and Gao, H and Gilad, S and Hasell, D and Karpius, P and Kolster, H and Lee, T and Maschinot, A and Matthews, J and McIlhany, K and Meitanis, N and Milner,
             RG and Rapaport, J and Redwine, RP and Seely, J and Shinozaki, A and Širca, S and Sindile, A and Six, E and Smith, T and Steadman, M and Tonguc, B and Tschalaer, C and Tsentalovich, E et
             al.},
   Title = {Charge form factor of the neutron at low momentum transfer
             from the H→2(e→,e′n)H1 reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {042501},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.042501},
   Abstract = {We report new measurements of the neutron charge form factor
             at low momentum transfer using quasielastic
             electrodisintegration of the deuteron. Longitudinally
             polarized electrons at an energy of 850 MeV were scattered
             from an isotopically pure, highly polarized deuterium gas
             target. The scattered electrons and coincident neutrons were
             measured by the Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid
             (BLAST) detector. The neutron form factor ratio GEn/GMn was
             extracted from the beam-target vector asymmetry AedV at
             four-momentum transfers Q2=0.14, 0.20, 0.29, and
             0.42(GeV/c)2. © 2008 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.042501},
   Key = {fds246160}
}

@article{fds246014,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Spin-dependent compton scattering from 3He and the neutron
             spin polarizabilities},
   Journal = {Chiral Dynamics 2006 - Proceedings of the 5th International
             Workshop on Chiral Dynamics, Theory and Experiment, CD
             2006},
   Pages = {417-419},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {December},
   Abstract = {A new experiment is being planned at the High Intensity
             Gamma Source (HIγS) at Duke Free Electron Laboratory for
             first measurements of the spin-dependent asymmetries from
             elastic Compton scattering of circularly polarized photons
             from a high-pressure polarized 3He gas target. The new
             experiment will allow for an extraction of neutron spin
             polarizabilities.},
   Key = {fds246014}
}

@article{fds246067,
   Author = {Crawford, CB and Sindile, A and Akdogan, T and Alarcon, R and Bertozzi,
             W and Booth, E and Botto, T and Calarco, J and Clasie, B and Degrush, A and Donnelly, TW and Dow, K and Dutta, D and Farkhondeh, M and Fatemi, R and Filoti, O and Franklin, W and Gao, H and Geis, E and Gilad, S and Haeberli,
             W and Hasell, D and Hersman, W and Holtrop, M and Karpius, P and Kohl, M and Kolster, H and Lee, T and Maschinot, A and Matthews, J and McIlhany, K and Meitanis, N and Milner, RG and Redwine, RP and Seely, J and Shinozaki,
             A and Širca, S and Six, E and Smith, T and Tonguc, B and Tschalaer, C and Tsentalovich, E et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the proton's electric to magnetic form factor
             ratio from H→1(e→,e′p)},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.052301},
   Abstract = {We report the first precision measurement of the proton
             electric to magnetic form factor ratio from spin-dependent
             elastic scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons
             from a polarized hydrogen internal gas target. The
             measurement was performed at the MIT-Bates South Hall Ring
             over a range of four-momentum transfer squared Q2 from 0.15
             to 0.65(GeV/c)2. Significantly improved results on the
             proton electric and magnetic form factors are obtained in
             combination with existing cross-section data on elastic
             electron-proton scattering in the same Q2 region. © 2007
             The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.052301},
   Key = {fds246067}
}

@article{fds246068,
   Author = {Kramer, K and Zong, X and Lu, R and Dutta, D and Gao, H and Qian, X and Ye, Q and Zhu, X and Averett, T and Fuchs, S},
   Title = {A high-pressure polarized 3He gas target for the
             High Intensity Gamma Source (HIγS) facility at Duke Free
             Electron Laser Laboratory},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {582},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {318-325},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2007.08.243},
   Abstract = {A new polarized 3He target has been developed for nuclear
             physics experiments utilizing the High Intensity Gamma
             Source (HIγS) at the Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory
             (DFELL). This target is designed for a broad program of
             physics employing high intensity polarized photons and a
             polarized 3He target as an effective polarized neutron
             target. We report the performance of this target based on
             the technique of spin-exchange optical pumping (SEOP). Due
             to the significantly larger photon beam size at the HIγS
             facility than that of a typical electron beam at electron
             accelerator laboratories, the HIγS 3He target contains a
             larger number of 3He nuclei than any polarized 3He targets
             reported previously. A target polarization on the order of
             33-46% has been achieved from both a regular 3He-Rubidium
             (Rb) target and a hybrid target which contains a mixture of
             Rb and potassium. The target polarization has been
             determined within 3 % using both the Electron Paramagnetic
             Resonance (EPR) technique and the NMR-AFP (Adiabatic Fast
             Passage) technique. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2007.08.243},
   Key = {fds246068}
}

@article{fds246069,
   Author = {Liska, S and Gao, H and Chen, W and Qian, X},
   Title = {Search for the N bound state from meson subthreshold
             production},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {75},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.75.058201},
   Abstract = {The subthreshold photoproduction of mesons from heavy
             nuclear targets has been suggested as a candidate to search
             for the -N bound state, a quantum chromodynamics molecular
             state. In this Brief Report, we present detailed Monte Carlo
             studies to demonstrate the feasibility of this technique.
             Further, we show that proton-induced subthreshold production
             of meson from heavy nuclear targets is also suitable for
             such a search. © 2007 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.75.058201},
   Key = {fds246069}
}

@article{fds246070,
   Author = {Mibe, T and Gao, H and Hicks, K and Kramer, K and Stepanyan, S and Tedeschi, DJ and Amaryan, MJ and Ambrozewicz, P and Anghinolfi, M and Asryan, G and Audit, G and Avakian, H and Bagdasaryan, H and Baillie, N and Ball, JP and Baltzell, NA and Battaglieri, M and Bedlinskiy, I and Bellis, M and Benmouna, N and Berman, BL and Biselli, AS and Blaszczyk,
             L and Bouchigny, S and Boiarinov, S and Bradford, R and Branford, D and Briscoe, WJ and Brooks, WK and Bültmann, S and Burkert, VD and Butuceanu, C and Calarco, JR and Careccia, SL and Carman, DS and Chen,
             S and Cole, PL and Collins, P and Coltharp, P and Crabb, D et
             al.},
   Title = {Measurement of coherent -meson photoproduction from the
             deuteron at low energies},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {76},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.76.052202},
   Abstract = {The cross section and decay angular distributions for the
             coherent -meson photoproduction on the deuteron have been
             measured for the first time up to a squared four-momentum
             transfer t=(pγ-p)2=-2 GeV2/c2, using the CLAS detector at
             the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The
             cross sections are compared with predictions from a
             rescattering model. In a framework of vector meson
             dominance, the data are consistent with the total -N cross
             section σN at about 10 mb. If vector meson dominance is
             violated, a larger σN is possible by introducing a larger t
             slope for the N→N process than that for the γN→N
             process. The decay angular distributions of the are
             consistent with helicity conservation. © 2007 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.76.052202},
   Key = {fds246070}
}

@article{fds246071,
   Author = {Gao, H and Chen, JP and Cisbani, E and Jiang, X and Peng, JC and Qian, X and Zhu, LY},
   Title = {Neutron transversity measurement at Jefferson Lab with a
             polarized 3He target},
   Journal = {Few-Body Systems},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {43-52},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0177-7963},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00601-007-0186-2},
   Abstract = {A first measurement of single target spin asymmetry (SSA)
             from semi-inclusive electroproduction of charged pions from
             a transversely polarized 3He target in deep-inelastic-scattering
             kinematics will take data in Hall A at Jefferson Lab in
             2008. Such SSA will allow for an extraction of the much
             desired information on the Collins and Sivers asymmetry from
             the "neutron" in order to probe the quark transversity
             distributions. The experiment will be a coincidence
             measurement with the BigBite spectrometer detecting the
             scattered electrons and the left-arm HRS spectrometer
             detecting the charged pions. The prospect of future 11∈GeV
             measurements at Jefferson Lab in Hall A using a solenoid
             magnetic detector system is also discussed in this talk. ©
             2007 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s00601-007-0186-2},
   Key = {fds246071}
}

@article{fds246120,
   Author = {H. Gao and Anderson, B and Auberbach, L and Averett, T and Bertozzi, W and Black,
             T and Calarco, J and Cardman, L and Cates, GD and Chai, ZW and Chen, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Corrado, GS and Crawford,
             C and Dale, D and Deur, A and Djawotho, P and Dutta, D and Finn, JM and Gao,
             H and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, AV and Glashausser, C and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, VG and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, FW and Higinbotham, DW and Holmes, R and Howell, CR and Hughes, E and Humensky,
             B and Incerti, S and Jager, CWD and Jensen, JS and Jiang, X and Jones, CE and Jones, M and Kahl, R et al.},
   Title = {Extraction of the neutron magnetic form factor from
             quasielastic 3He→(e→,e') at Q2=0.1-0.6
             (GeV/c)2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {75},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {034003},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.75.034003},
   Abstract = {We have measured the transverse asymmetry AT' in the
             quasielastic 3He→(e→,e') process with high precision at
             Q2 values from 0.1 to 0.6(GeV/c)2. The neutron magnetic form
             factor GMn was extracted at Q2 values of 0.1 and 0.2(GeV/c)2
             using a nonrelativistic Faddeev calculation which includes
             both final-state interactions (FSI) and meson-exchange
             currents (MEC). Theoretical uncertainties due to the FSI and
             MEC effects were constrained with a precision measurement of
             the spin-dependent asymmetry in the threshold region of
             3He→(e→,e'). We also extracted the neutron magnetic form
             factor GMn at Q2 values of 0.3 to 0.6(GeV/c)2 based on plane
             wave impulse approximation calculations. © 2007 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.75.034003},
   Key = {fds246120}
}

@article{fds246123,
   Author = {H. Gao and Danagoulian, A and Mamyan, VH and Roedelbronn, M and Aniol, KA and Annand, JRM and Bertin, PY and Bimbot, L and Bosted, P and Calarco, JR and Camsonne, A and Chang, CC and Chang, T-H and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Degtyarenko, P and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and Dutta, D and Egiyan, K and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gayou, O and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Hamilton, DJ and Hansen, J-O and Hayes, D and Higinbotham, DW and Hinton, W and Horn, T and Howell, C and Hunyady, T and Hyde, CE and Jiang, X and Jones, MK and Khandaker, M and Ketikyan, A and Kubarovsky, V et
             al.},
   Title = {Compton-scattering cross section on the proton at high
             momentum transfer},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {15},
   Pages = {152001},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.152001},
   Abstract = {Cross-section values for Compton scattering on the proton
             were measured at 25 kinematic settings over the range s=5-11
             and -t=2-7GeV2 with a statistical accuracy of a few percent.
             The scaling power for the s dependence of the cross section
             at fixed center-of-mass angle was found to be 8.0±0.2,
             strongly inconsistent with the prediction of perturbative
             QCD. The observed cross-section values are in fair agreement
             with the calculations using the handbag mechanism, in which
             the external photons couple to a single quark. © 2007 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.152001},
   Key = {fds246123}
}

@article{fds246124,
   Author = {Mibe, T and Gao, H and al, E},
   Title = {Coherent Phi-meson Photoproduction on Deuteron at Low
             Energies},
   Journal = {Physical Review C (Rapid Communications)},
   Volume = {76},
   Pages = {052202R},
   Year = {2007},
   Key = {fds246124}
}

@article{fds246125,
   Author = {Kramer, K and Zong, X and Lu, RC and Dutta, D and Gao, H and al,
             E},
   Title = {A High-pressure Polarized 3He Gas Target for the High
             Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) Facility},
   Journal = {Nucl. Inst. Meth. In Phys. Research},
   Volume = {582},
   Pages = {318},
   Year = {2007},
   Key = {fds246125}
}

@article{fds246162,
   Author = {Clasie, B and Qian, X and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Benmokhtar,
             F and Boeglin, W and Bosted, P and Bruell, A and Christy, ME and Chudakov,
             E and Cosyn, W and Dalton, MM and Daniel, A and Day, D and Dutta, D and Fassi,
             LE and Ent, R and Fenker, HC and Ferrer, J and Fomin, N and Gao, H and Garrow,
             K and Gaskell, D and Gray, C and Horn, T and Huber, GM and Jones, MK and Kalantarians, N and Keppel, CE and Kramer, K and Larson, A and Li, Y and Liang, Y and Lung, AF and Malace, S and Markowitz, P and Matsumura, A and Meekins, DG and Mertens, T and Miller, GA and Miyoshi, T and Mkrtchyan,
             H and Monson, R et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of nuclear transparency for the A(e,e′π+)
             reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {99},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {242502},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.242502},
   Abstract = {We have measured the nuclear transparency of the
             A(e,e′π+) process in H2, C12, Al27, Cu63, and Au197
             targets. These measurements were performed at the Jefferson
             Laboratory over a four momentum transfer squared range
             Q2=1.1 to 4.7(GeV/c)2. The nuclear transparency was
             extracted as the super-ratio of (σA/σH) from data to a
             model of pion-electroproduction from nuclei without π-N
             final-state interactions. The Q2 and atomic number
             dependence of the nuclear transparency both show deviations
             from traditional nuclear physics expectations and are
             consistent with calculations that include the quantum
             chromodynamical phenomenon of color transparency. © 2007
             The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.242502},
   Key = {fds246162}
}

@article{fds246163,
   Author = {Liska, S and Gao, H and Chen, W and Qian, X},
   Title = {The search for $\phi$-N bound state from subthresold
             production of $\phi$ meson},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {75},
   Pages = {058201},
   Year = {2007},
   Key = {fds246163}
}

@article{fds246164,
   Author = {al, CCE},
   Title = {Measurement of the Proton's Electric to Magn etic Form
             Factor Ratio from 1H-vector(e-vector,e[prime]p)},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {98},
   Pages = {052301},
   Year = {2007},
   Key = {fds246164}
}

@article{fds46660,
   Author = {B. Clasie and C. Crawford and J. Seely and W. Xu and D. Dutta and H.
             Gao},
   Title = {A laser-driven target of high-density nuclear polarized
             hydrogen gas},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A (Rapid Communications)},
   Volume = {73},
   Pages = {020703R},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds46660}
}

@article{fds246064,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {New results from BLAST on the nucleon electromagnetic form
             factors},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {870},
   Pages = {25-32},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2402594},
   Abstract = {Recently, a new experiment was carried out in the South Hall
             Ring at the MIT-Bates Accelerator Laboratory. This
             experiment utilized a polarized electron beam, a pure
             hydrogen (deuterium) internal polarized gas target, and the
             symmetric Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST)
             detector. The proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio,
             GEpG Mp at Q2= 0.15 - 0.65 (GeV/c)2 has been determined from
             the experiment by measuring the spin-dependent ep elastic
             scattering asymmetry in both sectors simultaneously. This is
             the first experiment to measure GEpGMp using a polarized
             proton target, which is complementary to recoil polarimetry
             experiments. The neutron magnetic form factor GMn has been
             extracted from the measurement of the spin-dependent
             asymmetry from the inclusive d(e,e) process in a similar Q2
             with a vector polarized deuterium target, and the neutron
             electric form factor GEn has been extracted by measuring the
             spin-dependent asymmetry from the coincidence d(e,e′n)
             process simultaneously. Preliminary results on the nucleon
             form factors from the BLAST experiment are presented. ©
             2006 American Institute of Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.2402594},
   Key = {fds246064}
}

@article{fds246065,
   Author = {Gao, H and Xiong, G and Fenga, X},
   Title = {Quantum-confined Stark shift in electroreflectance of a
             cylindrical GaN quantum dot},
   Journal = {Microelectronics Journal},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {742-745},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0026-2692},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2005.10.011},
   Abstract = {The electroreflectance (ER) spectra in the presence of the
             modulated electric field have been employed to study the
             fine structure of a cylindrical GaN quantum dot (QD),
             including the light hole and heavy hole interband
             transitions, and the ER spectra exhibit Franz-Keldysh
             oscillation characteristics with abscissa of energy (E-Eg).
             The quantum-confined Stark shift (QCSS) happened when the
             electric field intensity increased and the light and heavy
             holes dependent characteristics have been shown. The
             three-dimensional Schrödinger equation of QD has been
             calculated within the framework of effective-mass
             approximation, and the ER indices have been obtained from
             modulation absorption coefficients using the Seraphin
             coefficients and the Kramer-Kroning relation. © 2005
             Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.mejo.2005.10.011},
   Key = {fds246065}
}

@article{fds246066,
   Author = {Feng, X and Xiong, G and Zhang, X and Gao, H},
   Title = {Third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities associated
             with intersubband transitions in CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum
             dots},
   Journal = {Physica B: Condensed Matter},
   Volume = {383},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {207-212},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0921-4526},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2006.03.012},
   Abstract = {The nonlinear susceptibilities associated with intersubband
             transitions in the conduction band are theoretically
             calculated for CdSe/ZnS spherical core-shell quantum dots.
             The confined wave functions and eigenenergies of electrons
             in quantum dots have been calculated under the
             effective-mass approximation by solving a three-dimensional
             Schrödinger equation. And the third-order susceptibilities
             for quadratic electro-optic effects as a function of core,
             shell radii, relaxation time and pump photo energy involving
             the position of energy levels also have been analyzed. ©
             2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physb.2006.03.012},
   Key = {fds246066}
}

@article{fds246126,
   Author = {Seely, J and Crawford, C and Clasie, B and Xu, W and Dutta, D and Gao,
             H},
   Title = {Laser-driven nuclear-polarized hydrogen internal gas
             target},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {73},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {062714},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.73.062714},
   Abstract = {We report the performance of a laser-driven polarized
             internal hydrogen gas target (LDT) in a configuration
             similar to that used in scattering experiments. This target
             used the technique of spin-exchange optical pumping to
             produce nuclear spin polarized hydrogen gas that was fed
             into a cylindrical storage (target) cell. We present in this
             paper the performance of the target, methods that were tried
             to improve the figure-of-merit (FOM) of the target, and a
             Monte Carlo simulation of spin-exchange optical pumping. The
             dimensions of the apparatus were optimized using the
             simulation and the experimental results were in good
             agreement with the results from the simulation. The best
             experimental result achieved was at a hydrogen flow rate of
             1.1× 1018 atomss, where the sample beam exiting the storage
             cell had 58.2% degree of dissociation and 50.5%
             polarization. Based on this measurement, the atomic fraction
             in the storage cell was 49.6% and the density averaged
             nuclear polarization was 25.0%. This represents the highest
             FOM for hydrogen from an LDT and is higher than the best FOM
             reported by atomic beam sources that used storage cells. ©
             2006 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.73.062714},
   Key = {fds246126}
}

@article{fds246128,
   Author = {Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Seely, J and Xu, W and Dutta, D and Gao,
             H},
   Title = {Laser-driven target of high-density nuclear-polarized
             hydrogen gas},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {73},
   Number = {2},
   Year = {2006},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.73.020703},
   Abstract = {We report the best figure-of-merit achieved for an internal
             nuclear polarized hydrogen gas target and a Monte Carlo
             simulation of spin-exchange optical pumping. The dimensions
             of the apparatus were optimized using the simulation, and
             the experimental results were in good agreement with the
             simulation. The best result achieved for this target was
             50.5% polarization with 58.2% degree of dissociation of the
             sample beam exiting the storage cell at a hydrogen flow rate
             of 1.1× 1018 atomss. © 2006 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.73.020703},
   Key = {fds246128}
}

@article{fds37605,
   Author = {D. Dutta and H. Gao},
   Title = {The Generalized Counting Rule and Oscillatory
             Scaling},
   Journal = {Physical Review C (Rapid Communications)},
   Volume = {71},
   Pages = {032201(R)},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds37605}
}

@article{fds246057,
   Author = {Gao, H and Zhu, L},
   Title = {Pion photoproduction on the nucleon},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {747},
   Pages = {179-184},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1871659},
   Abstract = {The γn → π-p and γp → π+n reactions are essential
             probes of the transition from meson-nucleon degrees of
             freedom to quark-gluon degrees of freedom in exclusive
             processes. The cross sections of these processes are also
             advantageous, for the investigation of oscillatory behavior
             around the quark counting prediction, since they decrease
             relatively slower with energy compared with other
             photon-induced processes. In this talk, we discuss recent
             results on the γp → π+n and γn → π-p processes from
             Jefferson Lab experiment E94-104. We also discuss a new
             experiment in which singles γp → π+n measurement from
             hydrogen, and coincidence γn → π-p measurements at the
             quasifree kinematics from deuterium for center-of-mass
             energies between 2.3 GeV to 3.4 GeV in fine steps at a
             center-of-mass angle of 90° are planned. The proposed
             measurement will allow a detailed investigation of the
             oscillatory scaling behavior in photopion production
             processes. © 2005 American Institute of
             Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.1871659},
   Key = {fds246057}
}

@article{fds304557,
   Author = {Zhu, LY and Arrington, J and Averett, T and Beise, E and Calarco, J and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and Coman, M and Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Dieterich, S and Dohrmann, F and Dutta, D and Fissum, K and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Hafidi, K and Hansen, O and Higinbotham, DW and Holt, RJ and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Kinney, E and Kramer, K and Kumbartzki, G and LeRose, J and Liyanage, N and Mack, D and Markowitz, P and McCormick, K and Meekins,
             D and Meziani, Z-E and Michaels, R and Mitchell, J and Nanda, S and Potterveld, D and Ransome, R and Reimer, PE et
             al.},
   Title = {Cross section measurements of charged pion photoproduction
             in hydrogen and deuterium from 1.1 to 5.5
             GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {71},
   Number = {4},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.71.044603},
   Abstract = {The differential cross sections for the γn → π -p and
             the γp → π +n processes were measured at Jefferson Lab.
             The photon energies ranged from 1.1 to 5.5 GeV,
             corresponding to center-of-mass energies from 1.7 to 3.4
             GeV. The pion center-of-mass angles varied from 50° to
             110°. The π - and π + photoproduction data both exhibit a
             global scaling behavior at high energies and high transverse
             momenta, consistent with the constituent counting rule
             prediction and the existing π + data. The data suggest
             possible substructure of the scaling behavior, which might
             be oscillations around the scaling value. The data show an
             enhancement in the scaled cross section at center-of-mass
             energy near 2.2 GeV The differential cross section ratios
             [dσ/dt(γn → π -p)/dσ/dt(γp → π +n)] at high
             energies and high transverse momenta can be described by
             calculations based on one-hard-gluon-exchange diagrams.
             ©2005 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.71.044603},
   Key = {fds304557}
}

@article{fds246058,
   Author = {Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Dutta, D and Gao, H and Seely, J and Xu,
             W},
   Title = {Laser-driven polarized H/D sources and targets},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {536},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {260-265},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2004.08.082},
   Abstract = {Traditionally, Atomic Beam Sources are used to produce
             targets of nuclear polarized hydrogen (H) or deuterium (D)
             for experiments using storage rings. Laser-Driven Sources
             (LDSs) offer a factor of 20-30 gain in the target thickness
             (however, with lower polarization) and may produce a higher
             overall figure of merit. The LDS is based on the technique
             of spin-exchange optical pumping where alkali vapor is
             polarized by absorbing circularly polarized laser photons.
             The H or D atoms are nuclear-polarized through spin-exchange
             collisions with the polarized alkali vapor and through
             subsequent hyperfine interactions during frequent H-H or D-D
             collisions. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2004.08.082},
   Key = {fds246058}
}

@article{fds246060,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Nucleon electromagnetic form factors},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics A},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {8-9},
   Pages = {1595-1600},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0217751X05023049},
   Abstract = {The nucleon electromagnetic form factors have been studied
             in the past extensively from unpolarized electron scattering
             experiments. With the development in polarized beam, recoil
             polarimetry, and polarized target technologies, polarization
             experiments have provided more precise data on these
             quantities. In this talk, I review recent experimental
             progress on this subject. © World Scientific Publishing
             Company.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S0217751X05023049},
   Key = {fds246060}
}

@article{fds246062,
   Author = {Dohrmann, F and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Ambrozewicz, P and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Assamagan, K and Avery, S and Bailey, K and Beedoe, S and Bitao, H and Breuer, H and Brown,
             DS and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant, N and Christy, E and Cochran, A and Cole, L and Collins, G and Cothran, C and Crowder, J and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Duncan, F and Dunne, J and Dutta, D and Eden, T and Elaasar, M and Ent, R and Ewell, L and Fenker, H and Fortune, HT and Fujii,
             Y and Gan, L and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Geesaman, DF and Gueye, P and Gustafsson, K and Hafidi, K and Hansen, JO et al.},
   Title = {Electroproduction of strangeness on Λ3,4H
             bound states on Helium},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {768},
   Pages = {294-296},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1932939},
   Abstract = {The A(e,e′K +)X reaction has been investigated at
             Jefferson Laboratory. Data were taken for Q 2 ≈ 0.35 GeV 2
             at a beam energy of 3.245 GeV for 1H, 3He and 4He targets.
             Evidence for Λ-hypernuclear bound states is seen for 3,4He
             targets. This is the first time that the electroproduction
             of these hypernuclei has been observed. © 2005 American
             Institute of Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.1932939},
   Key = {fds246062}
}

@article{fds246063,
   Author = {Kramer, K and Armstrong, DS and Averett, TD and Bertozzi, W and Binet,
             S and Butuceanu, C and Camsonne, A and Cates, GD and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Cusanno, F and Deur, A and Djawotho, P and Dutta, D and Finn, JM and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gayou, O and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Gorbenko, V and Griffioen, KA and Hansen, J-O and Higinbotham, DW and Hinton, W and Horn, T and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Korsch, W and Lerose, J and Lhuillier, D and Liyanage, N and Margaziotis, DJ and McCormick, K and Meziani, Z-E and Michaels, R and Milbrath, B and Moffit, B and Nanda, S and Perdrisat, CF et
             al.},
   Title = {Q2 dependence of the neutron spin structure function g2n at
             low Q2},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {95},
   Number = {14},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.142002},
   Abstract = {We present the first measurement of the Q2 dependence of the
             neutron spin structure function g2n at five kinematic points
             covering 0.57(GeV/c) 2â‰Q2â‰1.34(GeV/c)2 at
             xâ‰σ0.2. Though the naive quark-parton model predicts
             g2=0, nonzero values occur in more realistic models of the
             nucleon which include quark-gluon correlations, finite quark
             masses, or orbital angular momentum. When scattering from a
             noninteracting quark, g2n can be predicted using
             next-to-leading order fits to world data for g1n. Deviations
             from this prediction provide an opportunity to examine QCD
             dynamics in nucleon structure. Our results show a positive
             deviation from this prediction at lower Q2, indicating that
             contributions such as quark-gluon interactions may be
             important. Precision data obtained for g1n are consistent
             with next-to-leading order fits to world data. © 2005 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.142002},
   Key = {fds246063}
}

@article{fds246127,
   Author = {Hamilton, DJ and Mamyan, VH and Aniol, KA and Annand, JRM and Bertin,
             PY and Bimbot, L and Bosted, P and Calarco, JR and Camsonne, A and Chang,
             GC and Chang, T-H and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Danagoulian, A and Degtyarenko, P and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and Dutta,
             D and Egiyan, K and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gayou, O and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Hansen, J-O and Hayes,
             D and Higinbotham, D and Hinton, W and Horn, T and Howell, C and Hunyady,
             T and Hyde-Wright, CE and Jiang, X and Jones, MK and Khandaker, M and Ketikyan, A and Kubarovsky, V and Kramer, K et
             al.},
   Title = {Polarization transfer in proton compton scattering at high
             momentum transfer},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {94},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {242001},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.242001},
   Abstract = {Compton scattering from the proton was investigated at
             s=6.9GeV2 and t=-4.0GeV2 via polarization transfer from
             circularly polarized incident photons. The longitudinal and
             transverse components of the recoil proton polarization were
             measured. The results are in disagreement with a prediction
             of perturbative QCD based on a two-gluon exchange mechanism,
             but agree well with a prediction based on a reaction
             mechanism in which the photon interacts with a single quark
             carrying the spin of the proton. © 2005 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.242001},
   Key = {fds246127}
}

@article{fds246137,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Gao, H},
   Title = {Generalized counting rule and oscillatory
             scaling},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {71},
   Number = {3},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.71.032201},
   Abstract = {We studied the energy dependence of the pp elastic
             scattering data and the pion-photoproduction data at a 90°
             c.m. angle in light of the new generalized counting rale
             derived for exclusive processes. We show that by including
             the helicity-nonconserving amplitudes and their interference
             with the Landshoff amplitude, we are able to reproduce the
             energy dependence of all the pp elastic cross-section and
             spin-correlation (A N N) data available above the resonance
             region. The pion-photoproduction data can also be described
             by this approach; however, data with much finer energy
             spacing are needed to confirm the oscillations about the
             scaling behavior. This study strongly suggests an important
             role for helicity-nonconserving amplitudes related to the
             quark orbital angular momentum and for the interference of
             these amplitudes with the Landshoff amplitude at GeV
             energies. © 2005 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.71.032201},
   Key = {fds246137}
}

@article{fds246141,
   Author = {H. Gao and Gao, LYZEAIH},
   Title = {Cross Section Measurements of Charged Pion Photoproduction
             in Hydrogen},
   Journal = {Physical Review C},
   Volume = {71},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {044603},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.71.044603},
   Abstract = {The differential cross sections for the γn → π
             -p and the γp → π +n processes were measured
             at Jefferson Lab. The photon energies ranged from 1.1 to 5.5
             GeV, corresponding to center-of-mass energies from 1.7 to
             3.4 GeV. The pion center-of-mass angles varied from 50°
             to 110°. The π - and π + photoproduction data
             both exhibit a global scaling behavior at high energies and
             high transverse momenta, consistent with the constituent
             counting rule prediction and the existing π + data. The
             data suggest possible substructure of the scaling behavior,
             which might be oscillations around the scaling value. The
             data show an enhancement in the scaled cross section at
             center-of-mass energy near 2.2 GeV The differential cross
             section ratios [dσ/dt(γn → π
             -p)/dσ/dt(γp → π +n)] at high energies and
             high transverse momenta can be described by calculations
             based on one-hard-gluon-exchange diagrams. ©2005 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.71.044603},
   Key = {fds246141}
}

@article{fds246167,
   Author = {H. Gao and Meziani, Z-E and Gao, EAIH},
   Title = {Higher twists and Color Polarizabilities in the
             Neutron},
   Journal = {Physical Letters},
   Volume = {B},
   Number = {613},
   Pages = {148},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2005.03.046},
   Abstract = {Color polarizabilities of the neutron are extracted from
             data on the lowest moment of the spin-dependent g1 structure
             function. New data in the resonance region from Jefferson
             Lab at Q2≲1 GeV2, in combination with world data at
             higher Q2, allow a systematic determination of the 1/Q2
             corrections, and provide the first constraints on 1/Q4
             corrections. The results suggest that higher-twist effects
             in the neutron are small, and that quark-hadron duality may
             be approximately valid, even down to Q2∼1 GeV2. ©
             2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2005.03.046},
   Key = {fds246167}
}

@article{fds246168,
   Author = {Gao, KKEAIH},
   Title = {The $Q^2$-Dependence of the Neutron Spin Structure Function
             $g_2^n$ at Low $Q^2$'' nucl-ex/0506005.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {95},
   Pages = {142002},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds246168}
}

@article{fds304558,
   Author = {Meziani, Z-E and Melnitchouk, W and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Averett,
             T and Gates, G and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and Gao, H and Garibaldi, F and Gilman, R and Hughes, EW and Jiang, X and Korsch, W and Kramer, K and Liyanage, N and Slifer, K and Yang, J-C},
   Title = {Higher twists and color polarizabilities in the
             neutron},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {613},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {148-153},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2005.03.046},
   Abstract = {Color polarizabilities of the neutron are extracted from
             data on the lowest moment of the spin-dependent g1 structure
             function. New data in the resonance region from Jefferson
             Lab at Q2≲1 GeV2, in combination with world data at higher
             Q2, allow a systematic determination of the 1/Q2
             corrections, and provide the first constraints on 1/Q4
             corrections. The results suggest that higher-twist effects
             in the neutron are small, and that quark-hadron duality may
             be approximately valid, even down to Q2∼1 GeV2. © 2005
             Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2005.03.046},
   Key = {fds304558}
}

@article{fds315781,
   Author = {Laveissiere, G and Degrande, N and Jaminion, S and Jutier, C and Todor,
             L and Di Salvo and R and Van Hoorebeke and L and Alexa, LC and Anderson, BD and Aniol, KA and Arundell, K and Audit, G and Auerbach, L and Baker, FT and Baylac, M and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot, L and Boeglin, WU and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Cavata, C and Chang, CC and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Dale, DS and de Jager, CW and De Leo and R and Deur, A and d'Hose, N and Dodge, GE and Domingo, JJ and Elouadrhiri, L and Epstein, MB and Ewell, LA et al.},
   Title = {Backward electroproduction of pi(0) mesons on protons in the
             region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer
             squared Q(2)=1.0 GeV2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {4},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000221427500055&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.69.045203},
   Key = {fds315781}
}

@article{fds37609,
   Author = {H. Gao and J. Alcorn and et al.},
   Title = {Nucl. Instru. Method A},
   Volume = {522},
   Pages = {294-346},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds37609}
}

@article{fds304553,
   Author = {Ito, TM and Averett, T and Barkhuff, D and Batigne, G and Beck, DH and Beise, EJ and Blake, A and Breuer, H and Carr, R and Clasie, B and Covrig,
             S and Danagoulian, A and Dodson, G and Dow, K and Dutta, D and Farkhondeh,
             M and Filippone, BW and Franklin, W and Furget, C and Gao, H and Gao, J and Gustafsson, K and Hannelius, L and Hasty, R and Hawthorne-Allen, AM and Herda, MC and Jones, CE and King, P and Korsch, W and Kowalski, S and Kox,
             S and Kramer, K and Lee, P and Liu, J and Martin, JW and McKeown, RD and Mueller, B and Pitt, ML and Plaster, B and Quéméner, G and Réal, J-S and Ritter, J and Roche, J and Savu, V et al.},
   Title = {Parity-Violating Electron Deuteron Scattering and the
             Proton's Neutral Weak Axial Vector Form Factor},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {92},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {102003-102001},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.102003},
   Abstract = {The parity-violating asymmetry was investigated in
             quasielastic electron scattering from deuteron with
             determination of neutral weak axial vector form factor. The
             backward angles at Q2 = 0.038 (GeV/c)2 from deuteron
             scattering provided value of neutral weak axial vector form
             factor of nucleon with potentially large electroweak
             corrections. The scattered electron events were generated
             uniformly in energy, angle and position along target length
             in simulation. The correction factor for radiative effects
             was evaluated by comparing asymmetry with radiative effects
             included in simulation.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.102003},
   Key = {fds304553}
}

@article{fds246052,
   Author = {Alcorn, J and Anderson, BD and Aniol, KA and Annand, JRM and Auerbach,
             L and Arrington, J and Averett, T and Baker, FT and Baylac, M and Beise,
             EJ and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot, L and Black,
             T and Boeglin, WU and Boykin, DV and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Brindza, P and Brown, D and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Carr, R and Cates, GD and Cavata, C and Chai, Z and Chang, CC and Chant,
             NS and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Coman,
             M and Cisbani, E and Colilli, S and Colombel, N and Crateri, R and Dale,
             DS and Degrande, N and Jager, CWD et al.},
   Title = {Basic instrumentation for Hall A at Jefferson
             Lab},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {522},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {294-346},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2003.11.415},
   Abstract = {The instrumentation in Hall A at the Thomas Jefferson
             National Accelerator Facility was designed to study electro-
             and photo-induced reactions at very high luminosity and good
             momentum and angular resolution for at least one of the
             reaction products. The central components of Hall A are two
             identical high resolution spectrometers, which allow the
             vertical drift chambers in the focal plane to provide a
             momentum resolution of better than 2×10-4. A variety of
             Cherenkov counters, scintillators and lead-glass
             calorimeters provide excellent particle identification. The
             facility has been operated successfully at a luminosity well
             in excess of 1038 cm-2 s-1. The research program is aimed at
             a variety of subjects, including nucleon structure
             functions, nucleon form factors and properties of the
             nuclear medium. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2003.11.415},
   Key = {fds246052}
}

@article{fds246135,
   Author = {H. Gao and Laveissière, G and Degrande, N and Jaminion, S and Jutier, C and Todor,
             L and Salvo, RD and Hoorebeke, LV and Alexa, LC and Anderson, BD and Aniol,
             KA and Arundell, K and Audit, G and Auerbach, L and Baker, FT and Baylac,
             M and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot, L and Boeglin,
             WU and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Cavata, C and Chang, C-C and Chen, J-P and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Dale, DS and Jager, CWD and Leo, RD and Deur, A and d'Hose,
             N and Dodge, GE and Domingo, JJ and Elouadrhiri, L and Epstein, MB and Ewell, LA and Finn, JM et al.},
   Title = {Backward electroproduction of π0 mesons on
             protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum
             transfer squared Q2=1.0 GeV2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {045203-1-045203-15},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.69.045203},
   Abstract = {Exclusive electroproduction of π0 mesons on protons in the
             backward hemisphere has been studied at Q2 = 1.0 GeV2 by
             detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence
             with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in
             Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total
             (γ*p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production
             threshold to W=2.0 GeV. The differential cross sections σT+
             εσL, σTL, and σTT were separated from the azimuthal
             distribution and are presented together with the MAID and
             SAID parametrizations.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.69.045203},
   Key = {fds246135}
}

@article{fds246136,
   Author = {H. Gao and Zheng, X and Aniol, K and Armstrong, DS and Averett, TD and Bertozzi, W and Binet, S and Burtin, E and Busato, E and Butuceanu, C and Calarco, J and Camsonne, A and Cates, GD and Chai, Z and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Cusanno, F and Leo, RD and Deur, A and Dieterich, S and Dutta, D and Finn, JM and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi,
             F and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Gomez, J and Hansen, J-O and Higinbotham,
             DW and Hinton, W and Horn, T and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Kaufman, L and Kelly, J and Korsch, W and Kramer, K and LeRose, J and Lhuillier, D and Liyanage, N and Margaziotis, DJ et al.},
   Title = {Precision measurement of the neutron spin asymmetries and
             spin-dependent structure functions in the valence quark
             region},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {065207-1-065207-25},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.70.065207},
   Abstract = {We report on measurements of the neutron spin asymmetries A
             1,2n and polarized structure functions g 1,2n at three
             kinematics in the deep inelastic region, with x=0.33, 0.47,
             and 0.60 and Q2=2.1, 3.5, and 4.8 (GeV/c) 2, respectively.
             These measurements were performed using a 5.7 GeV
             longitudinally polarized electron beam and a polarized 3He
             target. The results for A1n and g1n at x=0.33 are consistent
             with previous world data and, at the two higher-x points,
             have improved the precision of the world data by about an
             order of magnitude. The new A1n data show a zero crossing
             around x=0.47 and the value at x=0.60 is significantly
             positive. These results agree with a next-to-leading-order
             QCD analysis of previous world data. The trend of data at
             high x agrees with constituent quark model predictions but
             disagrees with that from leading-order perturbative QCD
             (PQCD) assuming hadron helicity conservation. Results for
             A2n and g2n have a precision comparable to the best world
             data in this kinematic region. Combined with previous world
             data, the moment d 2n was evaluated and the new result has
             improved the precision of this quantity by about a factor of
             2. When combined with the world proton data, polarized quark
             distribution functions were extracted from the new g1n/F1n
             values based on the quark-parton model. While results for
             Δu/u agree well with predictions from various models,
             results for Δd/d disagree with the leading-order PQCD
             prediction when hadron helicity conservation is
             imposed.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.70.065207},
   Key = {fds246136}
}

@article{fds246138,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, MECE},
   Title = {Measurement of Electron Proton Elastic Cross-section s for
             0.4},
   Journal = {Phys Rev C},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {015206},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.70.015206},
   Abstract = {We report on precision measurements of the elastic cross
             section for electron-proton scattering performed in Hall C
             at Jefferson Lab. The measurements were made at 28 distinct
             kinematic settings covering a range in momentum transfer of
             0.4&lt;Q2&lt;5.5 (GeV/c)2. These measurements represent a
             significant contribution to the world's cross section data
             set in the Q2 range, where a large discrepancy currently
             exists between the ratio of electric to magnetic proton form
             factors extracted from previous cross section measurements
             and that recently measured via polarization transfer in Hall
             A at Jefferson Lab. This data set shows good agreement with
             previous cross section measurements, indicating that if a
             heretofore unknown systematic error does exist in the cross
             section measurements, then it is intrinsic to all such
             measurements.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.70.015206},
   Key = {fds246138}
}

@article{fds246140,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, PAE},
   Title = {Near Threshold Electropoduction of the omega meson at
             Q^2=0.5 (GeV/c)^2},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {035203},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.70.035203},
   Abstract = {Electroproduction of the ω meson was investigated in
             1H(e,e′p)ω reaction. The measurement was performed
             at a four-momentum transfer Q 2≈0.5 GeV 2. Angular
             distributions of the virtual photon-proton
             center-of-momentum cross sections have been extracted over
             the full angular range. These distributions exhibit a strong
             enhancement over t-channel parity exchange processes in the
             backward direction. According to a newly developed
             electroproduction model, this enhancement provides
             significant evidence of resonance formation in the γ*p
             → ωp reaction channel.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.70.035203},
   Key = {fds246140}
}

@article{fds246197,
   Author = {H. Gao and Amarian, M and Auerbach, L and Averett, T and Berthot, J and Bertin, P and Bertozzi, B and Black, T and Brash, E and Brown, D and Burtin, E and Calarco, J and Cates, G and Chai, Z and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov,
             E and Cisbani, E and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and DiSalvo, R and Dieterich,
             S and Djawotho, P and Finn, M and Fissum, K and Fonvieille, H and Frullani,
             S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gasparian, A and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Goldberg, E and Gomez,
             J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, B and Holmes, R and Huber,
             GM and Hughes, E and Humensky, B et al.},
   Title = {Q2 Evolution of the Neutron Spin Structure
             Moments using a 3He Target},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {92},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {223011-223015},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000188187100012&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {The determination of Q2 evolution of the neutron spin
             structure by 3He in a double spin experiment was discussed.
             Measurements of spin structure functions g1 and g2 in deep
             inelastic lepton scattering (DIS) were used to unravel the
             spin structure of the nucleon. The Burkhardt-Cottingham sum
             rule for the neutron was verified within errors in the
             intermediate range of Q2 due to cancellation between the
             resonance and the elastic contributions. Results suggests a
             positive contribution of the resonance region up to Q2=1
             GeV2.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.022301},
   Key = {fds246197}
}

@article{fds246198,
   Author = {H. Gao and Zheng, X and Aniol, K and Armstrong, DS and Averett, TD and Bertozzi, W and Binet, S and Burtin, E and Busato, E and Butuceanu, C and Calarco, J and Camsonne, A and Cates, GD and Chai, Z and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Cusanno, F and Leo, RD and Deur, A and Dieterich, S and Dutta, D and Finn, JM and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi,
             F and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Gomez, J and Hansen, J-O and Higinbotham,
             DW and Hinton, W and Horn, T and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Kaufman, L and Kelly, J and Korsch, W and Kramer, K and LeRose, J and Lhuillier, D and Liyanage, N and Margaziotis, DJ et al.},
   Title = {Precision Measurement of the Neutron Spin Asymmetry
             A1n and Spin-Flavor Decomposition in
             the Valence Quark Region},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {92},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {120041-120045},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000187968500010&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {The neutron spin asymmetry A1n with high precision at three
             kinematic in the deep inelastic region at x=0.33, 0.47 and Q
             2=2.7, 3.5 and 4.8(GeV/c)2, respectively was measured. It
             was shown that A1n crosses zero around x=0.47 and becomes
             significantly positive at x=0.60. The polarized quark
             distributions, combined with the world proton data were also
             extracted. The hadron helicity conservation (HHC) mechanism,
             based on leading-order perturbative quantum chromodynamics
             (PQCD), where the quark orbital angular momentum (OAM) was
             assumed to be zero was discussed.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.012004},
   Key = {fds246198}
}

@article{fds246199,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, TMIE},
   Title = {Parity-violating Electron Deuteron Scattering and the
             Proton's},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {92},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {102003},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.102003},
   Abstract = {The parity-violating asymmetry was investigated in
             quasielastic electron scattering from deuteron with
             determination of neutral weak axial vector form factor. The
             backward angles at Q2 = 0.038 (GeV/c)2 from deuteron
             scattering provided value of neutral weak axial vector form
             factor of nucleon with potentially large electroweak
             corrections. The scattered electron events were generated
             uniformly in energy, angle and position along target length
             in simulation. The correction factor for radiative effects
             was evaluated by comparing asymmetry with radiative effects
             included in simulation.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.102003},
   Key = {fds246199}
}

@article{fds246200,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, GLE},
   Title = {Measurement of the Generalized Polarizabilities of the
             proton},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {93},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {122001},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.122001},
   Abstract = {The generalized polarizabilities (GP) of proton at low c.m.
             energies were investigated in virtual Compton scattering
             (VCS). At momentum transfer Q 2 = 0.92 and 1.76 GeV2, the
             structure functions and the electric and magnetic GP were
             determined. The global behavior of electric GP did not
             follow a simple dipole form and indicated a strong falloff
             with Q 2. A paramagnetic contribution from πN
             intermediate states at higher Q2 compensated the dominance
             of a long-distance diamagnetic pion cloud at low
             Q2.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.122001},
   Key = {fds246200}
}

@article{fds246201,
   Author = {H. Gao and Amarian, M and Auerbach, L and Averett, T and Berthot, J and Bertin, P and Bertozzi, W and Black, T and Brash, E and Brown, D and Burtin, E and Calarco, J and Cates, G and Chai, Z and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov,
             E and Cisbani, E and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and DiSalvo, R and Dieterich,
             S and Djawotho, P and Finn, JM and Fissum, K and Fonvieille, H and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gasparian, A and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Goldberg,
             E and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, B and Holmes,
             R and Huber, GM and Hughes, E and Humensky, B et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the generalized forward spin polarizabilities
             of the neutron},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {93},
   Number = {15},
   Pages = {152301-1-152301-4},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.152301},
   Abstract = {The generalized forward spin polarizabilities of the neutron
             were measured. The forward spin polarizabilities γ0 and
             δLT of the neutron were found to be extracted for the first
             time in a Q2 range from 0.1 to 0.9 GeV2. As γ0 was
             sensitive to nucleon resonance and δLT was insensitive to
             the δ resonance resonance, it was the expected that the
             pair of forward spin polarizabilites should provide
             benchmark test. The results show significant disagreement
             with the next-to-leading-order relativistic baryon chiral
             perturbation theory calculation.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.152301},
   Key = {fds246201}
}

@article{fds304554,
   Author = {Christy, ME and Ahmidouch, A and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Avery, S and Baker, OK and Beck, DH and Blok, HP and Bochna, CW and Boeglin, W and Bosted, P and Bouwhuis, M and Breuer, H and Brown, DS and Bruell, A and Carlini, RD and Chant, NS and Cochran, A and Cole, L and Danagoulian, S and Day, DB and Dunne, J and Dutta, D and Ent,
             R and Fenker, HC and Fox, B and Gan, L and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Gaskell,
             D and Gasparian, A and Geesaman, DF and Guèye, PLJ and Harvey, M and Holt,
             RJ and Jiang, X and Keppel, CE and Kinney, E and Liang, Y and Lorenzon, W and Lung, A and Markowitz, P and Martin, JW et al.},
   Title = {Measurements of electron-proton elastic cross sections for
             0.4 < Q 2 < 5.5 (GeV/c)2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {015206-1-015206-15},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.70.015206},
   Abstract = {We report on precision measurements of the elastic cross
             section for electron-proton scattering performed in Hall C
             at Jefferson Lab. The measurements were made at 28 distinct
             kinematic settings covering a range in momentum transfer of
             0.4&lt;Q2&lt;5.5 (GeV/c)2. These measurements represent a
             significant contribution to the world's cross section data
             set in the Q2 range, where a large discrepancy currently
             exists between the ratio of electric to magnetic proton form
             factors extracted from previous cross section measurements
             and that recently measured via polarization transfer in Hall
             A at Jefferson Lab. This data set shows good agreement with
             previous cross section measurements, indicating that if a
             heretofore unknown systematic error does exist in the cross
             section measurements, then it is intrinsic to all such
             measurements.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.70.015206},
   Key = {fds304554}
}

@article{fds304555,
   Author = {Ambrozewicz, P and Mitchell, J and Dunne, J and Markowitz, P and Martoff, CJ and Reinhold, J and Zeidman, B and Abbott, DJ and Ahmidouch,
             A and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Bailey, K and Baker, OK and Beedoe, S and Breuer, H and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Collins, G and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Day,
             D and Duncan, F and Dutta, D and Eden, T and Ent, R and Ewell, L and Fortune,
             HT and Gao, H and Geesaman, DF and Gueye, P and Gustafsson, KK and Hansen,
             J-O and Hinton, W and Keppel, CE and Klein, A and Koltenuk, D and Mack, DJ and Madey, R and Meekins, DG et al.},
   Title = {Near threshold electroproduction of the ω meson at Q
             2≈0.5 GeV 2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {0352031-0352039},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.70.035203},
   Abstract = {Electroproduction of the ω meson was investigated in
             1H(e,e′p)ω reaction. The measurement was performed at a
             four-momentum transfer Q 2≈0.5 GeV 2. Angular
             distributions of the virtual photon-proton
             center-of-momentum cross sections have been extracted over
             the full angular range. These distributions exhibit a strong
             enhancement over t-channel parity exchange processes in the
             backward direction. According to a newly developed
             electroproduction model, this enhancement provides
             significant evidence of resonance formation in the γ*p →
             ωp reaction channel.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.70.035203},
   Key = {fds304555}
}

@article{fds304556,
   Author = {Laveissière, G and Todor, L and Degrande, N and Jaminion, S and Jutier,
             C and Salvo, RD and Hoorebeke, LV and Alexa, LC and Anderson, BD and Aniol,
             KA and Arundell, K and Audit, G and Auerbach, L and Baker, FT and Baylac,
             M and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot, L and Boeglin,
             WU and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Cavata, C and Chang, C-C and Chen, J-P and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Dale, DS and Jager, CWD and Leo, RD and Deur, A and D'Hose,
             N and Dodge, GE and Domingo, JJ and Elouadrhiri, L and Epstein, MB and Ewell, LA and Finn, JM et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the generalized polarizabilities of the
             proton in virtual compton scattering at Q2 = 0.92
             and 1.76 GeV2},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {93},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {122001-1-122001-5},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.122001},
   Abstract = {The generalized polarizabilities (GP) of proton at low c.m.
             energies were investigated in virtual Compton scattering
             (VCS). At momentum transfer Q 2 = 0.92 and 1.76 GeV2, the
             structure functions and the electric and magnetic GP were
             determined. The global behavior of electric GP did not
             follow a simple dipole form and indicated a strong falloff
             with Q 2. A paramagnetic contribution from πN intermediate
             states at higher Q2 compensated the dominance of a
             long-distance diamagnetic pion cloud at low
             Q2.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.122001},
   Key = {fds304556}
}

@article{fds315785,
   Author = {Dutta, D and van Westrum, D and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Amatuoni,
             TA and Armstrong, C and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Bailey, K and Baker, OK and Barrow, S and Beard, K and Beatty, D and Beedoe, S and Beise,
             E and Belz, E and Bochna, C and Bosted, PE and Breuer, H and Bruins, EEW and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant, N and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Day, D and DeSchepper, D and Ducret, JE and Duncan,
             F and Dunne, J and Eden, T and Ent, R and Fortune, HT and Frolov, V and Geesaman, DF and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Gueye, P and Hansen, JO and Hinton, W and Holt, RJ and Jackson, C et al.},
   Title = {Quasielastic (e, e ' p) reaction on C-12, Fe-56, and
             Au-197},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {6},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000188769500026&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.68.064603},
   Key = {fds315785}
}

@article{fds246142,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, DDE},
   Title = {Nuclear Transparency with the γn → π¯p
             Process in 4He},
   Journal = {Physical Review C (Rapid Communications)},
   Volume = {68},
   Pages = {021001(R)},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {August},
   Key = {fds246142}
}

@article{fds315784,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Xiong, F and Zhu, LY and Arrington, J and Averett, T and Beise, E and Calarco, J and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and Coman, M and Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Dieterich, S and Dohrmann, F and Fissum, K and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Hafidi, K and Hansen, JO and Higinbotham, DW and Holt, RJ and de Jager, CW and Jiang, X and Kinney, E and Kramer, K and Kumbartzki, G and LeRose, J and Liyanage, N and Mack, D and Markowitz, P and McCormick, K and Meziani, ZE and Michaels, R and Mitchell, J and Nanda, S and Potterveld,
             D and Ransome, R and Reimer, PE et al.},
   Title = {Nuclear transparency with the gamma n ->pi(-)p process in
             He-4},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {2},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000185193000001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.68.021001},
   Key = {fds315784}
}

@article{fds315783,
   Author = {Xu, W and Anderson, B and Auberbach, L and Averett, T and Bertozzi, W and Black, T and Calarco, J and Cardman, L and Cates, GD and Chai, ZW and Chen,
             JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Corrado, GS and Crawford, C and Dale, D and Deur, A and Djawotho, P and Donnelly, TW and Dutta, D and Finn, JM and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, AV and Glashausser, C and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Gomez, J and Gorbenko,
             VG and Hansen, JO and Hersman, FW and Higinbotham, DW and Holmes, R and Howell, CR and Hughes, E and Humensky, B and Incerti, S and De Jager,
             CW and Jensen, JS and Jiang, X and Jones, CE et al.},
   Title = {Plane-wave impulse approximation extraction of the neutron
             magnetic form factor from quasielastic3He(e,e′)
             at Q2= 0.3 to 0.6 (GeV/c)2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {67},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {122011-122015},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   Abstract = {A high precision measurement of the transverse
             spin-dependent asymmetry A T′ in 3 He → (e → ,e′)
             quasielastic scattering was performed in Hall A at Jefferson
             Lab at values of the squared four-momentum transfer, Q 2 ,
             between 0.1 and 0.6 (GeV/c) 2 . A T′ is sensitive to the
             neutron magnetic form factor, G M n . Values of G M n at Q 2
             = 0.1 and 0.2 (GeV/c) 2 , extracted using Faddeev
             calculations, were reported previously. Here, we report the
             extraction of G M n for the remaining Q 2 values in the
             range from 0.3 to 0.6 (GeV/c) 2 using a plane-wave impulse
             approximation calculation. The results are in good agreement
             with recent precision data from experiments using a
             deuterium target.},
   Key = {fds315783}
}

@article{fds246044,
   Author = {Xu, W and Anderson, B and Auberbach, L and Averett, T and Bertozzi, W and Black, T and Calarco, J and Cardman, L and Cates, GD and Chai, ZW and Chen,
             JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Corrado, GS and Crawford, C and Dale, D and Deur, A and Djawotho, P and Donnelly, TW and Dutta, D and Finn, JM and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, AV and Glashausser, C and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Gomez, J and Gorbenko,
             VG and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, FW and Higinbotham, DW and Holmes, R and Howell, CR and Hughes, E and Humensky, B and Incerti, S and Jager, CWD and Jensen, JS and Jiang, X and Jones, CE et al.},
   Title = {Plane-wave impulse approximation extraction of the neutron
             magnetic form factor from quasielastic 3He(e,e′)
             at Q2 = 0.3 to 0.6 (GeV/c)2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {67},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {122011-122015},
   Year = {2003},
   Abstract = {A high precision measurement of the transverse
             spin-dependent asymmetry AT′ in 3He→(e→,e′)
             quasielastic scattering was performed in Hall A at Jefferson
             Lab at values of the squared four-momentum transfer, Q2,
             between 0.1 and 0.6 (GeV/c)2. AT′ is sensitive to the
             neutron magnetic form factor, GMn. Values of GMn at Q2 = 0.1
             and 0.2 (GeV/c)2, extracted using Faddeev calculations, were
             reported previously. Here, we report the extraction of GMn
             for the remaining Q2 values in the range from 0.3 to 0.6
             (GeV/c)2 using a plane-wave impulse approximation
             calculation. The results are in good agreement with recent
             precision data from experiments using a deuterium
             target.},
   Key = {fds246044}
}

@article{fds246045,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Charged pion photoproduction from hydrogen and deuterium at
             Jefferson Lab},
   Journal = {Modern Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2-6},
   Pages = {215-224},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0217732303010260},
   Abstract = {The γn → π-p and γp → π+n reactions are essential
             probes of the transition from meson-nucleon degrees of
             freedom to quark-gluon degrees of freedom in exclusive
             processes. The cross sections of these processes are also
             advantageous, for the investigation of oscillatory behavior
             around the quark counting prediction, since they decrease
             relatively slower with energy compared with other
             photon-induced processes. Moreover, these photoreactions in
             nuclei can probe the QCD nuclear filtering and color
             transparency effects. In this talk, I discuss the
             preliminary results on the γp → π+n and γn → π-p
             processes at a center-of-mass angle of 90° from Jefferson
             Lab experiment E94-104. I also discuss a new experiment in
             which singles γn → π-p measurement from hydrogen, and
             coincidence γn → π-p measurements at the quasifree
             kinematics from deuterium and 12C for photon energies
             between 2.25 GeV to 5.8 GeV in fine steps at a
             center-of-mass angle of 90° are planned. The proposed
             measurement will allow a detailed investigation of the
             oscillatory scaling behavior in photopion production
             processes and the study of the nuclear dependence of rather
             mysterious oscillations with energy that previous
             experiments have indicated. The various nuclear and
             perturbative QCD approaches, ranging from Glauber theory, to
             quark-counting, to Sudakov-corrected independent scattering,
             make dramatically different predictions for the experimental
             outcomes.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S0217732303010260},
   Key = {fds246045}
}

@article{fds246046,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Xiong, F and Zhu, LY and Arrington, J and Averett, T and Beise, E and Calarco, J and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and Coman, M and Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Dieterich, S and Dohrmann, F and Fissum, K and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Hafidi, K and Hansen, J-O and Higinbotham, DW and Holt, RJ and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Kinney, E and Kramer, K and Kumbartzki, G and LeRose, J and Liyanage, N and Mack, D and Markowitz, P and McCormick, K and Meziani, Z-E and Michaels, R and Mitchell, J and Nanda, S and Potterveld, D and Ransome, R and Reimer, PE et
             al.},
   Title = {Nuclear transparency with the γn → π-p
             process in 4He},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {210011-210015},
   Year = {2003},
   Abstract = {We have measured the nuclear transparency of the fundamental
             process γn → π-p in 4He. These measurements were
             performed at Jefferson Lab in the photon energy range of
             1.6-4.5 GeV and at θcmπ = 70° and 90°. These
             measurements are the first of their kind in the study of
             nuclear transparency in photoreactions. They also provide a
             benchmark test of Glauber calculations based on traditional
             models of nuclear physics. The transparency results suggest
             deviations from the traditional nuclear physics picture. The
             momentum transfer dependence of the measured nuclear
             transparency is consistent with Glauber calculations that
             include the quantum chromodynamics phenomenon of color
             transparency.},
   Key = {fds246046}
}

@article{fds246047,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Erratum: Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors (International
             Journal of Modern Physics E (2003) 12:1 (1-40))},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {567-},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218301303001454},
   Doi = {10.1142/S0218301303001454},
   Key = {fds246047}
}

@article{fds246049,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Exclusive processes at Jefferson Lab},
   Journal = {Pramana - Journal of Physics},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {837-846},
   Year = {2003},
   Abstract = {Mapping the transition from strongly interacting,
             non-perturbative quantum chromodynamics, where nucleon-meson
             degrees of freedom are effective to perturbative QCD of
             quark and gluon degrees of freedom, is one of the most
             fundamental, challenging tasks in nuclear and particle
             physics. Exclusive processes such as proton-proton elastic
             scattering, meson photoproduction, and deuteron
             photodisintegration have been pursued extensively at many
             laboratories over the years in the search for such a
             transition, particularly at Jefferson Lab in recent years,
             taking the advantage of the high luminosity capability of
             the CEBAF facility. In this talk, I review recent results
             from Jefferson Lab on deuteron photodisintegration and
             photopion production processes and the future 12 GeV
             program.},
   Key = {fds246049}
}

@article{fds246050,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Westrum, DV and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Amatuoni,
             TA and Armstrong, C and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Bailey, K and Baker, OK and Barrow, S and Beard, K and Beatty, D and Beedoe, S and Beise,
             E and Beiz, E and Bochna, C and Bosted, PE and Breuer, H and Bruins, EEW and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant, N and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Day, D and DeSchepper, D and Ducret, J-E and Duncan,
             F and Dunne, J and Eden, T and Ent, R and Fortune, HT and Frolov, V and Geesaman, DF and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Guèye, P and Hansen, JO and Hinton, W and Holt, RJ and Jackson, C et al.},
   Title = {Quasielastic (e,e′p) reaction on 12C,
             56Fe, and 197Au},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {646031-6460317},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   Abstract = {We report the results from a systematic study of the
             quasielastic (e,e′p) reaction on 12C, 56Fe, and 197Au
             performed at Jefferson Lab. We have measured nuclear
             transparency and extracted spectral functions (corrected for
             radiation) over a Q 2 range of 0.64-3.25 (GeV/c) 2 for all
             three nuclei. In addition, we have extracted separated
             longitudinal and transverse spectral functions at Q 2 of
             0.64 and 1.8 (GeV/c) 2 for these three nuclei (except for
             197Au at the higher Q 2), The spectral functions are
             compared to a number of theoretical calculations. The
             measured spectral functions differ in detail but not in
             overall shape from most of the theoretical models. In all
             three targets the measured spectral functions show
             considerable excess transverse strength at Q 2=0.64 (GeV/c)
             2, which is much reduced at 1.8 (GeV/c) 2.},
   Key = {fds246050}
}

@article{fds246139,
   Author = {H. Gao and Dutta, D and al, DVWE},
   Title = {A Study of the (e,e’p) reaction on 12C, 56Fe and
             197Au},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C (Rapid Communications)},
   Volume = {68},
   Pages = {021001(R)},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds246139}
}

@article{fds246143,
   Author = {H. Gao and Churchwell, WXEAIS and Dutta, D and Gao, H and Howell,
             CR},
   Title = {PWIA Extraction of the Neutron Magnetic Form Factor from
             Quasi-Elastic 3He(e,e') at Q2=0.3 to 0.6
             (GeV/c)2,},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {67},
   Pages = {012201(R)},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds246143}
}

@article{fds246166,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Nucleon electromagnetic form factors},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-40},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S021830130300117X},
   Abstract = {Nucleon electromagnetic form factors are fundamental
             quantities related to the charge and magnetization
             distributions inside the nucleon. Understanding the nucleon
             electromagnetic structure in terms of the underlying quark
             and gluon degrees of freedom of quantum chromodynamics is a
             challenging and urgent task. The nucleon electromagnetic
             form factors have been studied in the past extensively in
             unpolarized electron scattering experiments. With the
             development in polarized beam, recoil polarimetry, and
             polarized target technologies, polarization experiments have
             provided more precise data on these quantities. At the same
             time, significant theoretical progress in areas ranging from
             effective field theories to lattice QCD calculations, has
             been made in describing these data. In this article, we
             review recent experimental and theoretical progress on this
             subject. We also provide the future outlook on this
             topic.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S021830130300117X},
   Key = {fds246166}
}

@article{fds246202,
   Author = {H. Gao and Zhu, LY and Arrington, J and Averett, T and Beise, E and Calarco, J and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Chudakov, E and Coman, M and Clasie, B and Crawford, C and Dieterich, S and Dohrmann, F and Dutta, D and Fissum, K and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Hafidi, K and Hansen, J-O and Higinbotham, DW and Holt, RJ and Jager,
             CWD and Jiang, X and Kinney, E and Kramer, K and Kumbartzki, G and LeRose,
             J and Liyanage, N and Mack, D and Markowitz, P and McCormick, K and Meekins, D and Meziani, Z-E and Michaels, R and Mitchell, J and Nanda,
             S and Potterveld, D and Ransome, R et al.},
   Title = {Cross-section measurement of charged-pion photoproduction
             from hydrogen and deuterium},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {91},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {022003/1-022003/5},
   Year = {2003},
   Abstract = {The differential cross section dσ/dt for the
             photoproduction processes of γn→π-p and γp→π+n at
             θc.m.=90° with photon energies from 1.1 to 5.5 GeV was
             measured. The data with Eγ≳3.3GeV exhibited a global
             scaling behavior in both processes, consistent with the
             constituent counting rule. Furthermore, the scaled cross
             section data showed an enhancement at a center-of-mass
             energy near 2.2 GeV and the exact nature of such a structure
             requires further investigation.},
   Key = {fds246202}
}

@article{fds304551,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Gao, H and Lee, T-SH},
   Title = {Nucleon resonances with double polarization observables of
             pion photoproduction},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {446191-446196},
   Year = {2002},
   Abstract = {The role of the nucleon resonances in the double
             polarization observables of pion photoproduction is
             investigated by using the resonance parameters predicted by
             Capstick and Roberts. As an example, we show that the
             not-well-determined two-star resonance N3/2-(1960) can be
             examined by performing experiments on beam-recoil
             polarization at large angles.},
   Key = {fds304551}
}

@article{fds246148,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Gao, H and Lee, T-SH},
   Title = {Nucleon resonances with double polarization observables of
             pion photoproduction},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {044619},
   Year = {2002},
   Abstract = {The role of the nucleon resonances in the double
             polarization observables of pion photoproduction is
             investigated by using the resonance parameters predicted by
             Capstick and Roberts. As an example, we show that the
             not-well-determined two-star resonance N3/2-(1960) can be
             examined by performing experiments on beam-recoil
             polarization at large angles.},
   Key = {fds246148}
}

@article{fds246149,
   Author = {H. Gao and Wijesooriya, K and Afanasev, A and Amarian, M and Aniol, K and Becher,
             S and Benslama, K and Bimbot, L and Bosted, P and Brash, EJ and Calarco, J and Chai, Z and Chang, CC and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov,
             E and Churchwell, S and Crovelli, D and Dieterich, S and Dumalski, S and Dutta, D and Epstein, M and Fissum, K and Fox, B and Frullani, S and Gao,
             H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gayou, O and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, O and Holt, RJ and Hovdebo, J and Huber, GM and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Jones, C and Jones, MK and Kelly, J et al.},
   Title = {Polarization measurements in neutral pion
             photoproduction},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {346141-3461414},
   Year = {2002},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000178383900035&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {We present measurements of the recoil proton polarization
             for the 1H(γ→,p→)π0 reaction for θπc.m. =60°-135°
             and for photon energies up to 4.1 GeV. These are the first
             data in this reaction for polarization transfer with
             circularly polarized photons. Various theoretical models are
             compared with the results. No evidence for hadron helicity
             conservation is observed. Models that employ factorization
             are not favored. It appears from the strong angular
             dependence of the induced polarization at photon energies of
             2.5 and 3.1 GeV that a relatively high spin resonance or
             background amplitude might exist in this energy
             region.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.66.034614},
   Key = {fds246149}
}

@article{fds246150,
   Author = {H. Gao and Schulte, EC and Afanasev, A and Amarian, M and Aniol, K and Becher, S and Benslama, K and Bimbot, L and Bosted, P and Brash, E and Calarco, J and Chai, Z and Chang, C and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Crovelli, D and Dieterich, S and Dumalski, S and Dutta, D and Epstein, M and Fissum, K and Fox, B and Frullani, S and Gao,
             H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gayou, O and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, J-O and Holt,
             RJ and Hovdebo, J and Huber, GM and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Jones, C and Jones, MK and Kelly, J and Kinney, E et al.},
   Title = {High energy angular distribution measurements of the
             exclusive deuteron photodisintegration reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {422011-422015},
   Year = {2002},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000179103500007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {The first complete measurements of the angular distributions
             of the two-body deuteron photodisintegration differential
             cross section at photon energies above 1.6 GeV were
             performed at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator
             Facility. The results show a persistent forward-backward
             asymmetry up to Eγ = 2.4 GeV, the highest-energy measured
             in this experiment. The Hard Rescattering and the
             Quark-Gluon string models are in fair agreement with the
             results.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.66.042201},
   Key = {fds246150}
}

@article{fds246151,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, KGE},
   Title = {Nuclear transparency from quasielastic A(e,e'p) reactions up
             to Q^2 of 8.1 (GeV/c)^2},
   Journal = {Phys Rev. C},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {044613},
   Year = {2002},
   Abstract = {The quasielastic (e,e'p) reaction was studied on targets of
             deuterium, carbon, and iron up to a value of momentum
             transfer Q2 of 8.1 (GeV/c)2. A nuclear transparency was
             determined by comparing the data to calculations in the
             plane-wave impulse approximation. The dependence of the
             nuclear transparency on Q2 and the mass number A was
             investigated in a search for the onset of the color
             transparency phenomenon. We find no evidence for the onset
             of color transparency within our range of Q2. A fit to the
             world's nuclear transparency data reflects the energy
             dependence of the free-proton-nucleon cross
             section.},
   Key = {fds246151}
}

@article{fds246203,
   Author = {H. Gao and Amarian, M and Auerbach, L and Averett, T and Berthot, J and Bertin, P and Bertozzi, W and Black, T and Brash, E and Brown, D and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cates, GD and Chai, Z and Chen, J-P and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Jager, CWD and Deur, A and DiSalvo, R and Dieterich, S and Djawotho, P and Finn, M and Fissum, K and Fonvieille,
             H and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gasparian, A and Gilad, S and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, A and Glashausser, C and Goldberg,
             E and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, FW and Holmes,
             R and Huber, GM and Hughes, EW et al.},
   Title = {Q2 evolution of the generalized
             Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn integral for the neutron using a
             3He target},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {2423011-2423016},
   Year = {2002},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000179484700008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {The data on the scattering of polarized electrons from a
             polarized 3He target at energies from 0.862 to 5.06 GeV,
             obtained at a scattering angle of 15.5°, was presented. The
             virtual photon cross-section difference σ1/2-σ3/2 was
             determined using this data. The Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn
             integral for the neutron in the range of four-momemtum
             transfer squared Q2 of 0.1-0.9 GeV2 was also
             determined.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.242301},
   Key = {fds246203}
}

@article{fds304552,
   Author = {Garrow, K and McKee, D and Ahmidouch, A and Armstrong, CS and Arrington,
             J and Asaturyan, R and Avery, S and Baker, OK and Beck, DH and Blok, HP and Bochna, CW and Boeglin, W and Bosted, P and Bouwhuis, M and Breuer, H and Brown, DS and Bruell, A and Carlini, RD and Chant, NS and Cochran, A and Cole, L and Danagoulian, S and Day, DB and Dunne, J and Dutta, D and Ent,
             R and Fenker, HC and Fox, B and Gan, L and Gaskell, D and Gasparian, A and Gao, H and Geesaman, DF and Gilman, R and Guèye, PLJ and Harvey, M and Holt, RJ and Jiang, X and Keppel, CE and Kinney, E and Liang, Y and Lorenzon, W and Lung, A and Mack, DJ et al.},
   Title = {Nuclear transparency from quasielastic A(e,e′p) reactions
             up to Q2 = 8.1 (GeV/c)2},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {446131-4461310},
   Year = {2002},
   Abstract = {The quasielastic (e,e'p) reaction was studied on targets of
             deuterium, carbon, and iron up to a value of momentum
             transfer Q2 of 8.1 (GeV/c)2. A nuclear transparency was
             determined by comparing the data to calculations in the
             plane-wave impulse approximation. The dependence of the
             nuclear transparency on Q2 and the mass number A was
             investigated in a search for the onset of the color
             transparency phenomenon. We find no evidence for the onset
             of color transparency within our range of Q2. A fit to the
             world's nuclear transparency data reflects the energy
             dependence of the free-proton-nucleon cross
             section.},
   Key = {fds304552}
}

@article{fds246031,
   Author = {Gao, H and Lee, T-SH and Marinov, V},
   Title = {φ-N bound state},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {63},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {222011-222013},
   Year = {2001},
   Abstract = {We show that the QCD van der Waals attractive potential is
             strong enough to bind a φ meson onto a nucleon inside a
             nucleus to form a bound state. The direct experimental
             signature for such an exotic state is proposed in the case
             of subthreshold φ meson photoproduction from nuclear
             targets. The production rate is estimated and such an
             experiment is found to be feasible at the Jefferson
             Laboratory.},
   Key = {fds246031}
}

@article{fds246033,
   Author = {Reinhold, J and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Ambrozewicz, P and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Assamagan, K and Avery, S and Bailey, K and Baker, OK and Beedoe, S and Bitao, H and Boeglin, W and Breuer, H and Brown, DS and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant,
             N and Christy, E and Cochran, A and Cole, L and Collins, G and Cothran, C and Crowder, J and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Dohrmann, F and Duncan, F and Dunne, J and Dutta, D and Eden, T and Elaasar, M and Ent, R and Ewell, L and Fenker, H and Fortune, HT and Fujii, Y and Gan, L and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Geesaman, DF and Gueye, P et al.},
   Title = {Electroproduction of kaons and light hypernuclei},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {684},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {470c-474c},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {Kaon electroproduction on hydrogen, deuterium and helium
             targets has been measured at a beam energy of 3.245 GeV and
             four-momentum transfer, Q 2, ranging from 0.34 to 0.5 GeV 2.
             Associated hyperon production off a nucleon in the deuteron
             exhibits a quasifree production mechanism. Excess yield
             close to the respective thresholds for Λ and Σ production
             is observed. This can be accounted for by final-state
             interaction between the electroproduced hyperon and the
             spectator nucleon. The effects predicted from three
             different hyperon-nucleon potentials are compared to the
             data. The measurement on the helium targets is the first
             ever performed. Very preliminary results are
             presented.},
   Key = {fds246033}
}

@article{fds246034,
   Author = {Kinney, ER and Cadman, RV and Brack, J and Cummings, WJ and Fedchak, JA and Fox, BD and Gao, H and Glöckle, W and Grosshauser, C and Holt, RJ and Jones, CE and Miller, MA and Nagengast, W and Owen, BR and Rith, K and Schmidt, F and Schulte, EC and Sowinski, J and Sperisen, F and Thorsland, EL and Tobey, R and Wilbert, J and Witała,
             H},
   Title = {Three-nucleon interactions: Evidence from polarized pd
             elastic scattering},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {689},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {33c-40c},
   Year = {2001},
   Abstract = {Advances in precise computation of three-body reaction
             observables have spurred new interest in experimental
             measurements of proton deuteron elastic scattering,
             especially with regard to spin effects. Developments in
             spin-polarized internal targets for storage rings have
             permitted measurements of 197 MeV polarized protons
             scattering from vector polarized deuterons. This work
             presents measurements of the polarization observables Ay,
             iT11, and Cy,y in proton-deuteron elastic scattering. When
             compared to calculations with and without three-nucleon
             forces, the measurements indicate that three-nucleon forces
             make a significant contribution to the observables. This
             work indicates that three-body forces derived from static
             nuclear properties appear to be crucial to the description
             of dynamical properties.},
   Key = {fds246034}
}

@article{fds246035,
   Author = {Zeidman, B and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Ambrozewicz, P and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Assamagan, K and Avery, S and Bailey, K and Baker, OK and Beedoe, S and Bitao, H and Breuer,
             H and Brown, DS and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant, N and Christy, E and Cochran, A and Cole, L and Collins, G and Cothran, C and Crowder, J and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Dohrmann, F and Duncan, F and Dunne,
             J and Dutta, D and Eden, T and Elaasar, M and Ent, R and Ewell, L and Fenker,
             H and Fortune, HT and Fujii, Y and Gan, L and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Geesaman, DF and Gueye, P and Gustafsson, K et
             al.},
   Title = {Electroproduction of kaons on light nuclei},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {691},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {37c-42c},
   Year = {2001},
   Abstract = {The A(e,e'Κ+)YX reaction on H, D, 3He, and 4He was
             investigated in Hall C at CE-BAF. Data were obtained for Q2
             ≈ 0.35 and 0.5 GeV2 at 3.245 GeV. The missing mass spectra
             for both H and D are fitted with Monte-Carlo simulations
             incorporating peaks corresponding to Λ production on the
             proton and Σ production on both the proton and neutron. For
             D, the cross section ratio Σ0/Σ- ≈ 2, and excess yield
             close to the thresholds for Λ and Σ production can be
             attributed to final-state interactions; models are compared
             to the data. The analysis of the data for the He targets is
             in a more preliminary state with broader quasi-free peaks
             resulting from the higher Fermi momenta. Evidence for bound
             Λ-hypernuclear states is seen and other structure may be
             present.},
   Key = {fds246035}
}

@article{fds246133,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, OGE},
   Title = {Measurement of the elastic electromagnetic form-factor ratio
             gamma-p G P/E//G P/Mvia polarization transfer},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {64},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {038202},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.64.038202},
   Abstract = {We present measurements of the ratio of the proton elastic
             electromagnetic form factors, μpGEp/GMp . The Jefferson
             Lab Hall A Focal Plane Polarimeter was used to determine the
             longitudinal and transverse components of the recoil proton
             polarization in ep elastic scattering; the ratio of these
             polarization components is proportional to the ratio of the
             two form factors. These data reproduce the observation of
             Jones et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1398 (2000)], that the
             form factor ratio decreases significantly from unity above
             Q2 =1 GeV2.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.64.038202},
   Key = {fds246133}
}

@article{fds246134,
   Author = {H. Gao and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Baumgarten,
             C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Bouwhuis, M and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz, PF and Sanctis, ED and Schepper, DD and Devitsin,
             E and Huberts, PKADW and Nezza, PD and Düren, M et
             al.},
   Title = {Measurement of longitudinal spin transfer to Λ hyperons in
             deep-inelastic lepton scattering},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {64},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {112005},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   Abstract = {Spin transfer in deep-inelastic Λ electroproduction has
             been studied with the HERMES detector using the 27.6 GeV
             polarized positron beam in the DESY HERA storage ring. For
             an average fractional energy transfer 〈z〉 = 0.45, the
             longitudinal spin transfer from the virtual photon to the Λ
             has been extracted. The spin transfer along the Λ momentum
             direction is found to be 0.11±0.17(stat)±0.03(syst);
             similar values are found for other possible choices for the
             longitudinal spin direction of the Λ. This result is the
             most precise value obtained to date from deep-inelastic
             scattering with charged lepton beams, and is sensitive to
             polarized up quark fragmentation to hyperon states. The
             experimental result is found to be in general agreement with
             various models of the Λ spin content, and is consistent
             with the assumption of helicity conservation in the
             fragmentation process. ©2001 the American Physical
             Society.},
   Key = {fds246134}
}

@article{fds246147,
   Author = {Gao, H and Lee, TS-H and Marinov, V},
   Title = {Phi-N bound state'},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C (Rapid Communications)},
   Volume = {C},
   Number = {63},
   Pages = {022201 (R)},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds246147}
}

@article{fds246193,
   Author = {H. Gao and Cadman, RV and Brack, J and Cummings, WJ and Fedchak, JA and Fox, BD and Gao, H and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Grosshauser, C and Holt, RJ and Jones, CE and Kamada, H and Kinney, ER and Miller, MA and Nagengast, W and Nogga, A and Owen, BR and Rith, K and Schmidt, F and Schulte, EC and Sowinski, J and Sperisen, F and Thorsland, EL and Tobey, R and Wilbert,
             J and Witała, H},
   Title = {Evidence for a three-nucleon-force effect in proton-deuteron
             elastic scattering},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {967-970},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.967},
   Abstract = {Developments in spin-polarized internal targets for storage
             rings have permitted measurements of 197 MeV polarized
             protons scattering from vector polarized deuterons. This
             work presents measurements of the polarization observables
             Ay, iT11, and Cy,y, in proton-deuteron elastic scattering.
             When compared to calculations with and without three-nucleon
             forces, the measurements provide further evidence that
             three-nucleon forces make a contribution to the observables.
             This work indicates that three-body forces derived from
             static nuclear properties appear to be crucial to the
             description of dynamical properties. © 2001 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.967},
   Key = {fds246193}
}

@article{fds246194,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, KWE},
   Title = {Polarization measurements in high-energy
             deuteron},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {14},
   Pages = {2975},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.2975},
   Abstract = {The hadron helicity conservation (HHC) is tested in a
             photoreaction in a kinematic region. HHC arises when vector
             interactions, photon or gluon coupling with the quarks,
             conserve chiralty which leads to the conservation of the sum
             of the components of the hadronic spins along their
             respective momentum directions. The recoil proton
             polarization for photon energies is investigated. The
             polarization transfer with circularly polarized photons is
             analyzed.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.2975},
   Key = {fds246194}
}

@article{fds246195,
   Author = {H. Gao and Schulte, EC and al, E},
   Title = {Measurement of the High Energy Two-Body Deuteron},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {102302},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Abstract = {The first measurements of the d(γ,p)n differential cross
             section up to Eγ=5.5 GeV were carried out. Results at
             θcm = 70° remain consistent with the scaling
             previously observed in JLAB E89-012. At θcm=53° there
             appears to be a scaling threshold for Egamma≥3
             GeV.},
   Key = {fds246195}
}

@article{fds246196,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, FXE},
   Title = {Precision measurement of the spin-dependent asymmetry in the
             threshold},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {242501},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Abstract = {Experiments were carried out for the first precision
             measurements of spin-dependent asymmetry in the threshold
             region of 3He→(e→, e′). The analysis was
             performed for the probing of 3He ground-state structure and
             extracting the neutron electromagnetic form factors from
             electron scattering. Results showed that the data and
             nonrelativistic Faddeev calculations which included
             final-state interactions and meson-exchange current effects
             were in agreement with each other.},
   Key = {fds246196}
}

@article{fds304547,
   Author = {Wijesooriya, K and Afanasev, A and Amarian, M and Aniol, K and Becher,
             S and Benslama, K and Bimbot, L and Bosted, P and Brash, E and Calarco, J and Chai, Z and Chang, CC and Chang, T and Chert, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov,
             E and Churchwell, S and Crovelli, D and Dieterich, S and Dumalski, S and Dutta, D and Epstein, M and Fissum, K and Fox, B and Frullani, S and Gao,
             H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gayou, O and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, S and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen, O and Holt, RJ and Hovdebo, J and Huber, GM and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Jones, C and Jones, MK and Kelly, J et al.},
   Title = {Polarization measurements in high-energy deuteron
             photodisintegration},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {14},
   Pages = {2975-2979},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.2975},
   Abstract = {The hadron helicity conservation (HHC) is tested in a
             photoreaction in a kinematic region. HHC arises when vector
             interactions, photon or gluon coupling with the quarks,
             conserve chiralty which leads to the conservation of the sum
             of the components of the hadronic spins along their
             respective momentum directions. The recoil proton
             polarization for photon energies is investigated. The
             polarization transfer with circularly polarized photons is
             analyzed.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.2975},
   Key = {fds304547}
}

@article{fds304548,
   Author = {Schulte, EC and Ahmidouch, A and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Asaturyan, R and Avery, S and Baker, OK and Beck, DH and Blok, HP and Bochna, CW and Boeglin, W and Bosted, PY and Bouwhuis, M and Breuer, H and Brown, DS and Bruell, A and Cadman, RV and Carlini, R and Chant, NS and Cochran, A and Cole, L and Danagoulian, S and Day, DB and Dunne, JA and Dutta, D and Ent, R and Fenker, HC and Fox, B and Gan, L and Gao, H and Garrow, K and Gaskell, D and Gasparian, A and Geesaman, DF and Gilman,
             R and Glashausser, C and Gueye, P and Harvey, M and Holt, RJ and Jackson,
             HE and Jiang, X and Keppel, CE and Kinney, ER et al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the high energy two-body deuteron
             photodisintegration differential cross section},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {102302/1-102302/4},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Abstract = {The first measurements of the d(γ,p)n differential cross
             section up to Eγ=5.5 GeV were carried out. Results at θcm
             = 70° remain consistent with the scaling previously
             observed in JLAB E89-012. At θcm=53° there appears to be a
             scaling threshold for Egamma≥3 GeV.},
   Key = {fds304548}
}

@article{fds304549,
   Author = {Gayou, O and Wijesooriya, K and Afanasev, A and Amarian, M and Aniol, K and Becher, S and Benslama, K and Bimbot, L and Bosted, P and Brash, E and Calarco, J and Chai, Z and Chang, CC and Chang, T and Chen, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Crovelli, D and Dieterich, S and Dumalski, S and Dutta, D and Epstein, M and Fissum, K and Fox, B and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, S and Glashausser, C and Gomez, J and Gorbenko, V and Hansen,
             O and Holt, RJ and Hovdebo, J and Huber, GM and Jager, CWD and Jiang, X and Jones, C and Jones, MK and Kelly, J et al.},
   Title = {Measurements of the elastic electromagnetic form factor
             ratio μpgep/gmp via
             polarization transfer},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {64},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {382021-382024},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000170983800058&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {We present measurements of the ratio of the proton elastic
             electromagnetic form factors, μpGEp/GMp . The Jefferson Lab
             Hall A Focal Plane Polarimeter was used to determine the
             longitudinal and transverse components of the recoil proton
             polarization in ep elastic scattering; the ratio of these
             polarization components is proportional to the ratio of the
             two form factors. These data reproduce the observation of
             Jones et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1398 (2000)], that the
             form factor ratio decreases significantly from unity above
             Q2 =1 GeV2.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.64.038202},
   Key = {fds304549}
}

@article{fds304550,
   Author = {Xiong, F and Dutta, D and Xu, W and Anderson, B and Auberbach, L and Averett, T and Bertozzi, W and Black, T and Calarco, J and Cardman, L and Cates, GD and Chai, ZW and Chen, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Corrado, GS and Crawford, C and Dale, D and Deur, A and Djawotho, P and Filippone, BW and Finn, JM and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, AV and Glashausser, C and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Gomez,
             J and Gorbenko, VG and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, FW and Higinbotham, DW and Holmes, R and Howell, CR and Hughes, E and Humensky, B and Incerti, S and Jager, CWD and Jensen, JS and Jiang, X et al.},
   Title = {Precision measurement of the spin-dependent asymmetry in the
             threshold region of 3H→e(e→,
             e′)},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {2425011-2425015},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Abstract = {Experiments were carried out for the first precision
             measurements of spin-dependent asymmetry in the threshold
             region of 3He→(e→, e′). The analysis was performed for
             the probing of 3He ground-state structure and extracting the
             neutron electromagnetic form factors from electron
             scattering. Results showed that the data and nonrelativistic
             Faddeev calculations which included final-state interactions
             and meson-exchange current effects were in agreement with
             each other.},
   Key = {fds304550}
}

@article{fds246132,
   Author = {H. Gao and Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Bouwhuis,
             M and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani,
             GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz,
             PF and De Sanctis and E and De Schepper and D and Devitsin, E et
             al.},
   Title = {Nuclear effects on R=σL/σT in deep-inelastic
             scattering},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {475},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {386-394},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01493-8},
   Abstract = {Cross section ratios for deep-inelastic scattering from 14N
             and 3He with respect to 2H have been measured by the HERMES
             experiment at DESY using a 27.5 GeV positron beam. The data
             cover a range in the Bjorken scaling variable x between
             0.013 and 0.65, while the negative squared four-momentum
             transfer Q2 varies from 0.5 to 15 GeV2. The data are
             compared to measurements performed by NMC, E665, and SLAC on
             4He and 12C, and are found to be different for x&lt;0.06 and
             Q2&lt;1.5 GeV2. The observed difference is attributed to an
             A-dependence of the ratio R = σL/σT of longitudinal to
             transverse deep-inelastic scattering cross sections at low x
             and low Q2. © 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01493-8},
   Key = {fds246132}
}

@article{fds246029,
   Author = {Dutta, D and Westrum, DV and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Amatuni, TA and Armstrong, C and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Bailey, K and Baker,
             OK and Barrow, S and Beard, K and Beatty, D and Beedoe, S and Beise, E and Belz, E and Bochna, C and Bosted, PE and Breuer, H and Bruins, EEW and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant, N and Chrien, RE and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Day, D and DeSchepper, D and Ducret,
             J-E and Duncan, F and Dunne, J and Eden, T and Ent, R and Fortune, HT and Frolov, V and Geesaman, DF and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Guèye, P and Hansen, JO and Hinton, W and Holt, RJ et al.},
   Title = {Separated spectral functions for the quasifree
             12C(e,e′p) reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {616021-616025},
   Year = {2000},
   Abstract = {A separation of the longitudinal and transverse 12C(e,e′
             p) cross sections in the quasifree region has been performed
             in parallel kinematics at Q2 of 0.64 and 1.8 GeV2 for
             initial proton momentum &lt;80 MeV. The separated transverse
             and longitudinal spectral functions at Q2 = 0.64 GeV2 show
             significant differences for missing energy between 25 and 60
             MeV indicating a breakdown in the single nucleon knockout
             picture. The transverse spectral functions exhibit definite
             momentum transfer dependence.},
   Key = {fds246029}
}

@article{fds246131,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, KAE},
   Title = {Measurement of angular distributions and R=o(L)/o(T) in
             diffractive electroproduction of RhoO mesons},
   Journal = {Eur. Phys. J. C},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {303-316},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {1434-6044},
   Abstract = {Production and decay angular distributions were extracted
             from measurements of exclusive electroproduction of the
             ρ0(770) meson over a range in the virtual photon negative
             four-momentum squared 0.5 &lt; Q2 &lt; 4 GeV2 and the
             photon-nucleon invariant mass range 3.8 &lt; W &lt; 6.5 GeV.
             The experiment was performed with the HERMES spectrometer,
             using a longitudinally polarized positron beam and a 3He gas
             target internal to the HERA e± storage ring. The event
             sample combines ρ0 mesons produced incoherently off
             individual nucleons and coherently off the nucleus as a
             whole. The distributions in one production angle and two
             angles describing the ρ0 → π+π- decay
             yielded measurements of eight elements of the spin-density
             matrix, including one that had not been measured before. The
             results are consistent with the dominance of helicity
             conserving amplitudes and natural parity exchange. The
             improved precision achieved at 4 &lt; W &lt; 7 GeV, in
             combination with other data at W &gt; 7 GeV, reveals
             evidence for an energy dependence in the ratio R of the
             longitudinal to transverse cross sections at constant
             Q2.},
   Key = {fds246131}
}

@article{fds246146,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, DDE},
   Title = {Separated spectral function for the quasifree 12C(e,e'p)
             reaction},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {61},
   Pages = {061602R},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds246146}
}

@article{fds246173,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, WXE},
   Title = {The Transverse Asymmetry A_T' from Quasielastic 3
             He(e,e')},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {14},
   Pages = {2900},
   Year = {2000},
   Abstract = {We have measured the transverse asymmetry AT′ in 3H +
             (Combining right arrow above sign)e(e + (Combining right
             arrow above sign), e′) quasielastic scattering in Hall
             A at Jefferson Laboratory with high precision for Q2 values
             from 0.1 to 0.6 (GeV/c)2. The neutron magnetic form factor
             GMn was extracted based on Faddeev calculations for Q2 = 0.1
             and 0.2 (GeV/c)2 with an experimental uncertainty of less
             than 2%. © 2000 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Key = {fds246173}
}

@article{fds246190,
   Author = {H. Gao and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Avetissian, E and Bains,
             B and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher,
             H and Borissov, A and Bouwhuis, M and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun,
             B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz, PF and Sanctis, ED and Schepper, DD and Devitsin,
             E and Huberts, PKADW et al.},
   Title = {Evidence for a Single-Spin Azimuthal Asymmetry in
             Semi-inclusive Pion Electroproduction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {18},
   Pages = {4047-4051},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Key = {fds246190}
}

@article{fds246191,
   Author = {H. Gao and Niculescu, I and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Baker, OK and Beck, DH and Bochna, CW and Carlini, RD and Cha, J and Cothran, C and Day, DB and Dunne, JA and Dutta, D and Ent, R and Frolov,
             VV and Gao, H and Geesaman, DF and Gueye, PLJ and Hinton, W and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Keppel, CE and Koltenuk, DM and Mack, DJ and Meekins,
             DG and Miller, MA and Mitchell, JH and Mohring, RM and Niculescu, G and Potterveld, D and Price, JW and Reinhold, J and Segel, RE and Stoler, P and Tang, L and Terburg, BP and Westrum, DV and Vulcan, WF and Wood, SA and Yan, C and Zeidman, B},
   Title = {Evidence for valencelike quark-hadron duality},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {1182-1185},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.1182},
   Abstract = {The inclusive electron-nucleon scattering cross sections in
             the resonance region for both hydrogen and deuterium targets
             were measured. From these cross sections, the structure
             function F2 was extracted. The obtained data indicate that
             the F2 structure function at low momentum transfers follows
             the behavior of valencelike quarks only.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.1182},
   Key = {fds246191}
}

@article{fds246192,
   Author = {H. Gao and Niculescu, I and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Baker, OK and Beck, DH and Bochna, CW and Carlini, RD and Cha, J and Cothran, C and Day, DB and Dunne, JA and Dutta, D and Ent, R and Filippone,
             BW and Frolov, VV and Gao, H and Geesaman, DF and Gueye, PLJ and Hinton, W and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Keppel, CE and Koltenuk, DM and Mack, DJ and Meekins, DG and Miller, MA and Mitchell, JH and Mohring, RM and Niculescu, G and Potterveld, D and Price, JW and Reinhold, J and Segel,
             RE and Stoler, P and Tang, L and Terburg, BP and Westrum, DV and Vulcan,
             WF and Wood, SA and Yan, C and Zeidman, B},
   Title = {Experimental verification of quark-hadron
             duality},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {1186-1189},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.1186},
   Abstract = {Quark-hadron duality was experimentally revisited using new
             inclusive data in the resonance region at large x. The
             original duality observations were verified. The quantum
             chromodynamics (QCD) moment explanation indicated that
             higher twist contributions to the n=2 moment of the F2
             structure function are small or canceling. In general,
             duality appeared to be a nontrivial dynamic property of the
             nucleon structure function.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.1186},
   Key = {fds246192}
}

@article{fds304544,
   Author = {Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blanchard, S and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Brack, J and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani,
             GP and Carter, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Delheij, PPJ and Sanctis,
             ED and Schepper, DD and Devitsin, E and Huberts, PKADW and Düren, M and Dvoredsky, A and Elbakian, G and Emerson, J et
             al.},
   Title = {Measurement of angular distributions and R =
             σLT in diffractive
             electroproduction of ρ0 mesons},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal C - Particles and
             Fields},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {303-316},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {1434-6044},
   Abstract = {Production and decay angular distributions were extracted
             from measurements of exclusive electroproduction of the
             ρ0(770) meson over a range in the virtual photon negative
             four-momentum squared 0.5 &lt; Q2 &lt; 4 GeV2 and the
             photon-nucleon invariant mass range 3.8 &lt; W &lt; 6.5 GeV.
             The experiment was performed with the HERMES spectrometer,
             using a longitudinally polarized positron beam and a 3He gas
             target internal to the HERA e± storage ring. The event
             sample combines ρ0 mesons produced incoherently off
             individual nucleons and coherently off the nucleus as a
             whole. The distributions in one production angle and two
             angles describing the ρ0 → π+π- decay yielded
             measurements of eight elements of the spin-density matrix,
             including one that had not been measured before. The results
             are consistent with the dominance of helicity conserving
             amplitudes and natural parity exchange. The improved
             precision achieved at 4 &lt; W &lt; 7 GeV, in combination
             with other data at W &gt; 7 GeV, reveals evidence for an
             energy dependence in the ratio R of the longitudinal to
             transverse cross sections at constant Q2.},
   Key = {fds304544}
}

@article{fds304545,
   Author = {Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Bouwhuis,
             M and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani,
             GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz,
             PF and Sanctis, ED and Schepper, DD and Devitsin, E et
             al.},
   Title = {Nuclear effects on R = σLT in
             deep-inelastic scattering},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {475},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {386-394},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01493-8},
   Abstract = {Cross section ratios for deep-inelastic scattering from 14N
             and 3He with respect to 2H have been measured by the HERMES
             experiment at DESY using a 27.5 GeV positron beam. The data
             cover a range in the Bjorken scaling variable x between
             0.013 and 0.65, while the negative squared four-momentum
             transfer Q2 varies from 0.5 to 15 GeV2. The data are
             compared to measurements performed by NMC, E665, and SLAC on
             4He and 12C, and are found to be different for x&lt;0.06 and
             Q2&lt;1.5 GeV2. The observed difference is attributed to an
             A-dependence of the ratio R = σL/σT of longitudinal to
             transverse deep-inelastic scattering cross sections at low x
             and low Q2. © 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01493-8},
   Key = {fds304545}
}

@article{fds304546,
   Author = {Xu, W and Dutta, D and Xiong, F and Anderson, B and Auberbach, L and Averett, T and Bertozzi, W and Black, T and Calarco, J and Cardman, L and Cates, GD and Chai, ZW and Chen, JP and Choi, S and Chudakov, E and Churchwell, S and Corrado, GS and Crawford, C and Dale, D and Deur, A and Djawotho, P and Filippone, BW and Finn, JM and Gao, H and Gilman, R and Glamazdin, AV and Glashausser, C and Glöckle, W and Golak, J and Gomez,
             J and Gorbenko, VG and Hansen, J-O and Hersman, FW and Higinbotham, DW and Holmes, R and Howell, CR and Hughes, E and Humensky, B and Incerti, S and Jager, CWD and Jensen, JS and Jiang, X et al.},
   Title = {Transverse asymmetry AT′ from the quasielastic
             3H + (Combining right arrow above sign)e (e +
             (Combining right arrow above sign), e′) process and the
             neutron magnetic form factor},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {14},
   Pages = {2900-2904},
   Year = {2000},
   Abstract = {We have measured the transverse asymmetry AT′ in 3H +
             (Combining right arrow above sign)e(e + (Combining right
             arrow above sign), e′) quasielastic scattering in Hall A
             at Jefferson Laboratory with high precision for Q2 values
             from 0.1 to 0.6 (GeV/c)2. The neutron magnetic form factor
             GMn was extracted based on Faddeev calculations for Q2 = 0.1
             and 0.2 (GeV/c)2 with an experimental uncertainty of less
             than 2%. © 2000 The American Physical Society.},
   Key = {fds304546}
}

@article{fds246130,
   Author = {H. Gao and Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Barrow, S and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann,
             M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blanchard, S and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov,
             A and Brack, J and Bray, B and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Cadman,
             RV and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court,
             GR and Dalpiaz, PF and De Leo and R and Delheij, PPJ et
             al.},
   Title = {Flavor decomposition of the polarized quark distributions in
             the nucleon from inclusive and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic
             scattering},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {464},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {123-134},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(99)00964-8},
   Abstract = {Spin asymmetries of semi-inclusive cross sections for the
             production of positively and negatively charged hadrons have
             been measured in deep-inelastic scattering of polarized
             positrons on polarized hydrogen and He targets, in the
             kinematic range 0.023 &lt; x &lt; 0.6 and 1 GeV2 &lt; Q2
             &lt; 10 GeV2. Polarized quark distributions are extracted as
             a function of x for up (u + ū) and down (d + d̄) flavors.
             The up quark polarization is positive and the down quark
             polarization is negative in the measured range. The
             polarization of the sea is compatible with zero. The first
             moments of the polarized quark distributions are presented.
             The isospin non-singlet combination Δq3 is consistent with
             the prediction based on the Bjorken sum rule. The moments of
             the polarized quark distributions are compared to
             predictions based on SU(3)f flavor symmetry and to a
             prediction from lattice QCD. © 1999 Published by Elsevier
             Science B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(99)00964-8},
   Key = {fds246130}
}

@article{fds304542,
   Author = {Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Barrow, S and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann,
             M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blanchard, S and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov,
             A and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Cadman,
             RV and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court,
             GR and Dalpiaz, PF and Delheij, PPJ et al.},
   Title = {Observation of a Coherence Length Effect in Exclusive
             Electroproduction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {15},
   Pages = {3025-3029},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.3025},
   Abstract = {Exclusive incoherent electroproduction of the ρ0(770) meson
             from 1H, 2H, 3He, and 14N targets has been studied by the
             HERMES experiment at squared four-momentum transfer Q2 &gt;
             0.4 GeV2 and positron energy loss v from 9 to 20 GeV. The
             ratio of the 14N to 1H cross sections per nucleon, known as
             the nuclear transparency, was found to decrease with
             increasing coherence length of quark-antiquark fluctuations
             of the virtual photon. The data provide clear evidence of
             the interaction of the quark-antiquark fluctuations with the
             nuclear medium. © 1999 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.3025},
   Key = {fds304542}
}

@article{fds246025,
   Author = {Alexa, LC and Anderson, BD and Aniol, KA and Arundell, K and Auerbach,
             L and Baker, FT and Berthot, J and Bertin, PY and Bertozzi, W and Bimbot,
             L and Boeglin, WU and Brash, EJ and Breton, V and Breuer, H and Burtin, E and Calarco, JR and Cardman, LS and Cavata, C and Chang, C-C and Chen, J-P and Chudakov, E and Cisbani, E and Dale, DS and Degrande, N and Leo, RD and Deur, A and d'Hose, N and Diederich, B and Domingo, JJ and Epstein, MB and Ewell, LA and Finn, JM and Fissum, KG and Fonvieille, H and Frois, B and Frullani, S and Gao, H and Gao, J and Garibaldi, F and Gasparian, A and Gilad, S and Gilman, R et al.},
   Title = {Measurements of the deuteron elastic structure function
             A(Q2) for 0.7 ≤ Q2 ≤ 6.0
             (GeV/c)2 at Jefferson laboratory},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {1374-1378},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Key = {fds246025}
}

@article{fds246121,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, LCAE},
   Title = {Large momentum transfer measurements of the deuteron elastic
             structure function A(Q$^2$) at Jefferson
             Laboratory},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {1374},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds246121}
}

@article{fds246144,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, DGME},
   Title = {Coherent pi0 photoproduction on the deuteron upto 4
             GeV},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {052201},
   Year = {1999},
   Abstract = {The differential cross section for 2H(γ,d)π0 has been
             measured at deuteron center-of-mass angles of 90° and
             136°. This work reports the first data for this reaction
             above a photon energy of 1 GeV, and permits a test of the
             apparent constituent counting rule and reduced nuclear
             amplitude behavior as observed in elastic ed scattering.
             Measurements were performed up to a photon energy of 4.0
             GeV, and are in good agreement with previous lower energy
             measurements. Overall, the data are inconsistent with both
             constituent-counting rule and reduced nuclear amplitude
             predictions.},
   Key = {fds246144}
}

@article{fds246145,
   Author = {Gao, H and Ma, B-Q},
   Title = {Exotic hadrons of minimal pentaquark (qqqqq̄)
             states},
   Journal = {Modern Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {33},
   Pages = {2313-2319},
   Year = {1999},
   Abstract = {It is shown that the exotic non-qqq hadrons of pentaquark
             qqqqq̄ states can be clearly distinguished from the
             conventional qqq-baryon resonances or their hybrids if the
             flavor of q̄ is different from any of the other four
             quarks. We suggest the physical process p(e,e′K-)Z(uuuds̄),
             which can be investigated at the Thomas Jefferson National
             Accelerator Facility (JLab), as an ideal process to search
             for the existence or non-existence of the exotic hadron of
             minimal pentaquark state Z(uuuds̄).},
   Key = {fds246145}
}

@article{fds246172,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, KAE and Collaboration, HERMES},
   Title = {Observation of a coherence length effect in exclusive
             rho_0},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {15},
   Pages = {3025},
   Year = {1999},
   Abstract = {Exclusive incoherent electroproduction of the ρ0(770)
             meson from 1H, 2H, 3He, and 14N targets has been studied by
             the HERMES experiment at squared four-momentum transfer Q2
             &gt; 0.4 GeV2 and positron energy loss v from 9 to 20 GeV.
             The ratio of the 14N to 1H cross sections per nucleon, known
             as the nuclear transparency, was found to decrease with
             increasing coherence length of quark-antiquark fluctuations
             of the virtual photon. The data provide clear evidence of
             the interaction of the quark-antiquark fluctuations with the
             nuclear medium. © 1999 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Key = {fds246172}
}

@article{fds246189,
   Author = {H. Gao and Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz,
             JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun,
             B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Cadman, RV and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz, PF and Sanctis, ED and Schepper,
             DD and Devitsin, E and Huberts, PKADW et al.},
   Title = {Beam-Induced Nuclear Depolarization in a Gaseous
             Polarized-Hydrogen Target},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {1164-1168},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Key = {fds246189}
}

@article{fds304543,
   Author = {Meekins, DG and Abbott, DJ and Ahmidouch, A and Armstrong, CS and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Baker, OK and Barrow, SP and Beatty,
             DP and Beck, DH and Beedoe, SY and Beise, EJ and Belz, JE and Bochna, C and Bosted, PE and Brash, EJ and Breuer, H and Cadman, RV and Cardman, L and Carlini, RD and Cha, J and Chant, NS and Collins, G and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Duncan, FA and Dunne, JA and Dutta,
             D and Eden, T and Ent, R and Filippone, BW and Forest, TA and Fortune, HT and Frolov, VV and Gao, H and Geesaman, DF and Gilman, R and Gueye, PLJ and Gustafsson, KK and Hansen, J-O et al.},
   Title = {Coherent π0 photoproduction on the deuteron up
             to 4 GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {522011-522014},
   Year = {1999},
   Abstract = {The differential cross section for 2H(γ,d)π0 has been
             measured at deuteron center-of-mass angles of 90° and
             136°. This work reports the first data for this reaction
             above a photon energy of 1 GeV, and permits a test of the
             apparent constituent counting rule and reduced nuclear
             amplitude behavior as observed in elastic ed scattering.
             Measurements were performed up to a photon energy of 4.0
             GeV, and are in good agreement with previous lower energy
             measurements. Overall, the data are inconsistent with both
             constituent-counting rule and reduced nuclear amplitude
             predictions.},
   Key = {fds304543}
}

@article{fds304541,
   Author = {Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz,
             E and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun,
             B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bulten, HJ and Capitani,
             GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz,
             PF and De Leo and R and De Sanctis and E and De Schepper and D and Devitsin, E and de Witt Huberts and PKA and Di Nezza and P and Düren, M et
             al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the proton spin structure function g1p with a
             pure hydrogen target},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {442},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {484-492},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01341-0},
   Abstract = {A measurement of the proton spin structure function
             g1p(x,Q2) in deep-inelastic scattering is presented. The
             data were taken with the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarised
             positron beam at HERA incident on a longitudinally polarised
             pure hydrogen gas target internal to the storage ring. The
             kinematic range is 0.021 &lt; x &lt; 0.85 and 0.8 GeV2 &lt;
             Q2 &lt; 20 GeV2. The integral 0.0210.85(x) dx evaluated at
             Q02 of 2.5 GeV2 is 0.122 ± 0.003(stat.) ± 0.010(syst). ©
             1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01341-0},
   Key = {fds304541}
}

@article{fds246020,
   Author = {Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Ashenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Cadman, RV and Capitani,
             GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dalpiaz,
             PF and De Sanctis and E and De Schepper and D and Devitsin, E et
             al.},
   Title = {Flavor Asymmetry of the Light Quark Sea from Semi-inclusive
             Deep-Inelastic Scattering},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {81},
   Number = {25},
   Pages = {5519-5523},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.5519},
   Abstract = {The flavor asymmetry of the light quark sea of the nucleon
             is determined in the kinematic range 0.02 &lt; x &lt; 0.3
             and 1 &lt; Q2 &lt; 10 GeV2 for the first time from
             semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering. The quantity
             [d̄(x) -ū(x)]/[u(x) - d(x)] is derived from a relationship
             between the yields of positive and negative pions from
             unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets. The flavor
             asymmetry d̄ - ū is found to he nonzero and x dependent,
             showing an excess of d̄ over ū quarks in the
             proton.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.5519},
   Key = {fds246020}
}

@article{fds246171,
   Author = {H. Gao and Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Akushevich, I and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, H and Avakian, R and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Barrow, S and Baumgarten, C and Beckmann,
             M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blanchard, S and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov,
             A and Brack, J and Brauksiepe, S and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Cadman, R and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Court, GR and Dal Piaz and PF and Delheij, PPJ et al.},
   Title = {Determination of the deep inelastic contribution to the
             generalised Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn integral for the proton
             and neutron},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {444},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {531-538},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01396-3},
   Abstract = {The virtual photon absorption cross section differences
             [σ1/2 - σ3/2] for the proton and neutron have been
             determined from measurements of polarised cross section
             asymmetries in deep inelastic scattering of 27.5 GeV
             longitudinally polarised positrons from polarised 1H and 3He
             internal gas targets. The data were collected in the region
             above the nucleon resonances in the kinematic range v&lt;
             23.5 GeV and 0.8 GeV2 &lt; Q2 &lt; 12 GeV2. For the proton
             the contribution to the generalised Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn
             integral was found to be substantial and must be included
             for an accurate determination of the full integral.
             Furthermore the data are consistent with a QCD
             next-to-leading order fit based on previous deep inelastic
             scattering data. Therefore higher twist effects do not
             appear significant. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01396-3},
   Key = {fds246171}
}

@article{fds246021,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Precise measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from
             quasielastic 3→He(e,
             e′)},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {402},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {277-283},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(97)00849-8},
   Abstract = {Polarized 3He targets have proven to be a useful tool for
             studying the electric and magnetic form factors of the
             neutron, and the spin structure of the neutron. The neutron
             magnetic form factor at low Q2 was previously determined at
             MIT-Bates from the quasielastic 3→He(→e, e′) process.
             A new experiment is planned at TJNAF to systematically
             measure the inclusive 3He quasielastic transverse asymmetry,
             AT′, at Q2 = 0.1-0.5 (GeV/c)2 with high statistical and
             systematic accuracy. A 2% statistical uncertainty is aimed
             at all the proposed values of Q2, and 3% systematic
             uncertainty for AT′ can be achieved for this experiment.
             The precise data will constrain theoretical calculations of
             3He quasielastic asymmetry. Furthermore, the neutron
             magnetic form factor at Q2 = 0.1-0.5 (Gev/c)2 will be
             extracted from the measured asymmetries with an overall
             uncertainty of 2%. Precise measurements of GnM at low Q2
             will resolve the discrepancy among the existing data in the
             same Q2 region.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0168-9002(97)00849-8},
   Key = {fds246021}
}

@article{fds246022,
   Author = {Gao, H},
   Title = {Effective neutron targets},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {631},
   Pages = {170c-189c},
   Year = {1998},
   Abstract = {Because of the lack of a free neutron target, deuterium
             targets have been used extensively in studying the neutron
             structure. The unique spin structure of the 3He ground state
             wave function and the recent developments in laser
             technologies made polarized 3He targets widely used in many
             experiments from neutron electromagnetic form factor studies
             to nucleon spin structure function measurements at all major
             electron accelerator facilities. In this talk, the current
             status of the polarized 3He targets will be reviewed. I will
             focus on neutron electromagnetic form factor studies using
             polarized 3He targets. The polarized nucleon spin structure
             function measurements using polarized 3He targets will also
             be discussed.},
   Key = {fds246022}
}

@article{fds246177,
   Author = {H. Gao and Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Andreev, V and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, R and Avakian, H and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Barrow, S and Beckhusen, W and Beckmann,
             M and Belostotski, S and Belz, E and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov, A and Brack, J and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brons, S and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bulten, HJ and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Chumney, P and Cisbani, E and Clark, S and Colilli, S and Coombes, H and Court, GR and Delheij, P and Devitsin, E and Jager, CWD and Sanctis, ED and Schepper, DD et
             al.},
   Title = {The HERMES Spectrometer},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {417},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {230-265},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00769-4},
   Abstract = {The HERMES experiment is collecting data on inclusive and
             semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of polarised
             positrons from polarised targets of H, D, and 3He. These
             data give information on the spin structure of the nucleon.
             This paper describes the forward angle spectrometer built
             for this purpose. The spectrometer includes numerous
             tracking chambers (micro-strip gas chambers, drift and
             proportional chambers) in front of and behind a 1.3 T.m
             magnetic field, as well as an extensive set of detectors for
             particle identification (a lead-glass calorimeter, a
             pre-shower detector, a transition radiation detector, and a
             threshold Cherenkov detector). Two of the main features of
             the spectrometer are its good acceptance and identification
             of both positrons and hadrons, in particular pions. These
             characteristics, together with the purity of the targets,
             are allowing HERMES to make unique contributions to the
             understanding of how the spins of the quarks contribute to
             the spin of the nucleon. © 1998 Elsevier Science B. V. All
             rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00769-4},
   Key = {fds246177}
}

@article{fds246183,
   Author = {H. Gao and Abbott, D and Ahmidouch, A and Amatuni, TA and Armstrong, C and Arlington, J and Assamagan, KA and Bailey, K and Baker, OK and Barrow,
             S and Beard, K and Beatty, D and Beedoe, S and Beise, E and Beiz, E and Bochna, C and Breuer, H and Bruins, EEW and Carlini, R and Cha, J and Chant, N and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Day, D and Deschepper, D and Ducret, J-E and Duncan, F and Dunne, J and Dutta, D and Eden, T and Ent, R and Fortune, HT and Frolov, V and Geesaman, DF and Gao,
             H and Gilman, R and Guèye, P and Hansen, JO and Hinton, W and Holt, RJ and Jackson, C and Jackson, HE and Jones, CE et al.},
   Title = {Quasifree (e, e′p) reactions and proton propagation in
             nuclei},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {80},
   Number = {23},
   Pages = {5072-5076},
   Year = {1998},
   Abstract = {The (e, e′p) reaction was studied on targets of C, Fe, and
             Au at momentum transfers squared Q2 of 0.6, 1.3, 1.8, and
             3.3 GeV2 in a region of kinematics dominated by quasifree
             electron-proton scattering. Missing energy and missing
             momentum distributions are reasonably well described by
             plane wave impulse approximation calculations with Q2 and A
             dependent corrections that measure the attenuation of the
             final state protons.},
   Key = {fds246183}
}

@article{fds246184,
   Author = {Fedchak, JA and Bailey, K and Cummings, WJ and Gao, H and Holt, RJ and Jones, CE and Kowalczyk, RS and O'Neill, T and Poelker,
             M},
   Title = {Nuclear tensor polarization in a laser-driven polarized
             deuterium internal target},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {417},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {182-196},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00738-4},
   Abstract = {We present the results of the first direct measurement of
             nuclear polarization in an optically pumped spin-exchange
             polarized deuterium target. Measurements of the nuclear
             tensor polarization pzz are made in a storage cell as a
             function of flow of deuterium nuclei. For these
             measurements, the optical pumping was performed on atoms in
             magnetic fields of 600 and 3600 G. These measurements verify
             that the spin-exchange method is capable of producing
             polarized deuterium nuclei without the use of rf
             transitions. The electronic polarization, Pe, is also
             measured. The Pe and pzz measurements at 600 G indicate that
             the system is in spin-temperature equilibrium, whereas the
             3600 G measurements show signatures of non-equilibrium
             effects. Pe is also measured with the system operated as a
             source of polarized atoms, with no storage cell. These
             measurements are compared with previous measurements using a
             similar source. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00738-4},
   Key = {fds246184}
}

@article{fds246185,
   Author = {H. Gao and DeSchepper, D and Kramer, LH and Pate, SF and Ackerstaff, K and Carr,
             RW and Court, GR and Dvoredsky, A and Gao, H and Golendoukhin, A and Hansen, J-O and Holler, Y and Jones, CE and Kelsey, JF and Kinney, E and Korsch, W and Lee, K and Martin, JW and McKeown, RD and Milner, RG and Niczyporuk, M and Pitt, ML and Poolman, HR and Röper, G and Shin, T and Sowinski, J and Steffens, E and Stewart, J and Stock, F and Sutter, M and Tallini, H and Tipton, B and VanBommel, R and Wise, T and Zapfe-Düren,
             K},
   Title = {The HERMES polarized 3He internal gas
             target},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {419},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {16-44},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00901-2},
   Abstract = {The HERMES experiment is investigating the spin structure of
             the proton and neutron via deep-inelastic scattering of
             polarized positrons from polarized nuclear targets. The
             polarized positrons are provided by the HERA positron
             storage ring at DESY, Hamburg, Germany. The targets are pure
             internal gas targets. Data acquisition began in 1995,
             utilizing a polarized 3He internal gas target to study the
             spin structure of the neutron. The target gas was polarized
             using the metastability-exchange optical-pumping technique
             and then injected into a cryogenically cooled target cell.
             The target was designed to operate with either longitudinal
             or transverse directions of polarization. Operating
             conditions included polarizations of up to 54% and target
             thicknesses of 1 × 1015 nucleons/cm2. In this paper the
             HERMES polarized 3He internal gas target is described in
             detail. © 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All
             rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00901-2},
   Key = {fds246185}
}

@article{fds246186,
   Author = {H. Gao and Bochna, C and Terburg, BP and Abbott, DJ and Ahmidouch, A and Armstrong,
             CS and Arrington, J and Assamagan, KA and Baker, OK and Barrow, SP and Beatty, DP and Beck, DH and Beedoe, SY and Beise, EJ and Belz, JE and Bosted, PE and Brash, EJ and Breuer, H and Cadman, RV and Cardman, L and Carlini, RD and Cha, J and Chant, NS and Collins, G and Cothran, C and Cummings, WJ and Danagoulian, S and Duncan, FA and Dunne, JA and Dutta,
             D and Eden, T and Ent, R and Filippone, BW and Forest, TA and Fortune, HT and Frolov, VV and Gao, H and Geesaman, DF and Gilman, R and Gueye, PLJ and Gustafsson, KK and Hansen, J-O et al.},
   Title = {Measurements of deuteron photodisintegration up to 4.0
             GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {81},
   Number = {21},
   Pages = {4576-4579},
   Year = {1998},
   Abstract = {The first measurements of the differential cross section for
             the d(γ, p)n reaction up to 4.0 GeV were performed at the
             Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at
             Thomas Jefferson Laboratory. We report the cross sections at
             the proton center-of-mass angles of 36°, 52°, 69°, and
             89°. These results are in reasonable agreement with
             previous measurements at lower energy. The 89° and 69°
             data show constituent-counting-rule behavior up to 4.0 GeV
             photon energy. The 52° and 36° data disagree with the
             counting-rule behavior. The quantum chromodynamics (QCD)
             model of nuclear reactions imolving reduced amplitudes
             disagrees with the present data.},
   Key = {fds246186}
}

@article{fds246187,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, KAE},
   Title = {The flavor asymmetry of the light quark sea from
             semi-inclusive},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {25},
   Pages = {5519},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds246187}
}

@article{fds246188,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, AAE and Collaboration, HERMES},
   Title = {Measurement of the proton spin structure function
             g1p},
   Journal = {Phys. Lett.},
   Volume = {B442},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {484},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {A measurement of the proton spin structure function
             g1p(x,Q2) in deep-inelastic scattering is presented. The
             data were taken with the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarised
             positron beam at HERA incident on a longitudinally polarised
             pure hydrogen gas target internal to the storage ring. The
             kinematic range is 0.021 &lt; x &lt; 0.85 and 0.8 GeV2 &lt;
             Q2 &lt; 20 GeV2. The integral 0.0210.85(x) dx evaluated at
             Q02 of 2.5 GeV2 is 0.122 ± 0.003(stat.) ± 0.010(syst).
             © 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Key = {fds246188}
}

@booklet{Ackerstaff97,
   Author = {Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akushevich, I and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, R and Avakian, H and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Barrow, S and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blanchard, S and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov,
             A and Brack, J and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brückner, W and Brüll, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Cisbani,
             E and Court, GR and Delheij, PPJ and Devitsin, E and de Jager, CW and De
             Sanctis, E and De Schepper and D and de Witt Huberts and PKA et
             al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the neutron spin structure function gn1 with
             a polarized 3He internal target},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {404},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {383-389},
   Year = {1997},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(97)00611-4},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(97)00611-4},
   Key = {Ackerstaff97}
}

@article{fds246092,
   Author = {Ackerstaff, K and Airapetian, A and Akushevich, I and Akopov, N and Amarian, M and Aschenauer, EC and Avakian, R and Avakian, H and Avetissian, A and Bains, B and Barrow, S and Beckmann, M and Belostotski, S and Belz, JE and Benisch, T and Bernreuther, S and Bianchi, N and Blanchard, S and Blouw, J and Böttcher, H and Borissov,
             A and Brack, J and Braun, B and Bray, B and Brückner, W and Briill, A and Bruins, EEW and Bulten, HJ and Capitani, GP and Carter, P and Cisbani,
             E and Court, GR and Delheij, PPJ and Devitsin, E and Jager, CWD and Sanctis, ED and Schepper, DD and Huberts, PKADW and Düren, M et
             al.},
   Title = {Measurement of the neutron spin structure function
             gn1 with a polarized 3He
             internal target},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {404},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {383-389},
   Year = {1997},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {Results are reported from the HERMES experiment at HERA on a
             measurement of the neutron spin structure function gn1(x,
             Q2) in deep inelastic scattering using 27.5 GeV
             longitudinally polarized positrons incident on a polarized
             3He internal gas target. The data cover the kinematic range
             0.023 &lt; x &lt; 0.6 and 1 (GeV/c)2 &lt; Q2 &lt; 15
             (GeV/c)2. The integral ∫0.60.023 gn1(x) dx evaluated at a
             fixed Q2 of 2.5 (GeV/c)2 is -0.034 ± 0.013(stat.)
             ±0.005(syst.). Assuming Regge behavior at low x, the first
             moment Γn1 = ∫10 gn1(x) dx is -0.037 ± 0.013(stat.)
             ±0.005(syst.) ±0.006(extrapol.). © 1997 Published by
             Elsevier Science B.V.},
   Key = {fds246092}
}

@booklet{Mueller97,
   Author = {Mueller, B and Beck, DH and Beise, EJ and Candell, E and Cardman, L and Carr, R and DiBari, RC and Dodson, G and Dow, K and Duncan, F and Farkhondeh, M and Filippone, BW and Forest, T and Gao, H and Korsch, W and Kowalski, S and Lung, A and McKeown, RD and Mohring, R and Napolitano,
             J and Nilsson, D and Pitt, M and Simicevic, N and Terburg, B and Wells,
             SP},
   Title = {Measurement of the proton's neutral weak magnetic form
             factor},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {20},
   Pages = {3824-3827},
   Year = {1997},
   Abstract = {We report the first measurement of the parity-violating
             asymmetry in elastic electron scattering from the proton.
             The asymmetry depends on the neutral weak magnetic form
             factor of the proton which contains new information on the
             contribution of strange quark-antiquark pairs to the
             magnetic moment of the prolon. We obtain the value GMZ =
             0.34 ± 0.09 ± 0.04 ± 0.05 n.m. at Q2 = 0.1
             (GeV/c)2.},
   Key = {Mueller97}
}

@booklet{Gao96a,
   Author = {Gao, H and Holt, RJ and Pandharipande, VR},
   Title = {gamma n --> pi(-)p process in He-4 and O-16},
   Journal = {Physical Review C},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2779-2782},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {Gao96a}
}

@booklet{Arrington96,
   Author = {Arrington, J and Anthony, P and Arnold, RG and Beise, EJ and Belz, JE and Bosted, PE and Bulten, HJ and Chapman, MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich,
             F and Ent, R and Epstein, M and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Gearhart, RA and Geesama, DF},
   Title = {Inclusive electron scattering from nuclei at x similar or
             equal to 1},
   Journal = {Physical Review C},
   Volume = {53},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2248-2251},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.53.2248},
   Abstract = {The inclusive A(e,e′) cross section for x≃1 was
             measured on 2H, C, Fe, and Au for momentum transfers Q2 from
             1 to 6.8 (GeV/c)2. The scaling behavior of the data was
             examined in the region of transition from y scaling to x
             scaling. Throughout this transitional region, the data
             exhibit ξ scaling, reminiscent of the Bloom-Gilman
             duality seen in free nucleon scattering.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.53.2248},
   Key = {Arrington96}
}

@article{fds246090,
   Author = {Gao, H and Holt, RJ and Pandharipande, VR},
   Title = {γn → π- p process in 4He and
             16O},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2779-2782},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.54.2779},
   Abstract = {Nuclear transparencies for the fundamental process γn →
             π- p on 4He and 16O have been calculated using nucleon
             configurations obtained from realistic ground-state wave
             functions by the Monte Carlo method. Comparisons between
             nuclear transparency results using nucleon configurations
             and the correlated Glauber approximation are made in the
             case of (e,e′ p) on 4He and 16O. Furthermore, nuclear
             transparencies for the γn → π- p and (e,e′ p)
             processes have been calculated including a color
             transparency effect.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.54.2779},
   Key = {fds246090}
}

@article{fds304562,
   Author = {Arrington, J and Anthony, P and Arnold, RG and Beise, EJ and Belz, JE and Bosted, PE and Bulten, H-J and Chapman, MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich,
             F and Ent, R and Epstein, M and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Gearhart, RA and Geesaman, DF and Hansen, J-O and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Jones, CE and Keppel, CE and Kinney, ER and Kuhn, S and Lee, K and Lorenzon, W and Lung,
             A and Makins, NCR and Margaziotis, DJ and McKeown, RD and Milner, RG and Mueller, B and Napolitano, J and Nelson, J and O'Neill, TG and Papavassiliou, V and Petratos, GG and Potterveld, DH and Rock, SE and Spengos, M and Szalata, ZM et al.},
   Title = {Inclusive electron scattering from nuclei at
             x≃1},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {53},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2248-2251},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.53.2248},
   Abstract = {The inclusive A(e,e′) cross section for x≃1 was measured
             on 2H, C, Fe, and Au for momentum transfers Q2 from 1 to 6.8
             (GeV/c)2. The scaling behavior of the data was examined in
             the region of transition from y scaling to x scaling.
             Throughout this transitional region, the data exhibit ξ
             scaling, reminiscent of the Bloom-Gilman duality seen in
             free nucleon scattering.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.53.2248},
   Key = {fds304562}
}

@booklet{Hansen95,
   Author = {J. O. Hansen and M. A. Titko and D. Deschepper and G. Dodson and T. W.
             Donnelly and R. Ent and M. Farkhondeh and W. Korsch and L. H. Kramer and K.
             Lee, N. C. R. Makins and R. G. Milner and D. R. Tieger and T. P.
             Welch and C. E. Jones and J. Arrington and E.J. Beise and B. Bray and R.W.
             Carr, B.W. Filippon},
   Title = {Transverse longitudinal asymmetry in the quasi-elastic
             3He(e,e') reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {654-57},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {Hansen95}
}

@booklet{Belz95,
   Author = {Belz, JE and Potterveld, DH and Anthony, P and Arnold, RG and Arrington,
             J and Beck, D and Beise, EJ and Bosted, PE and Bulten, HJ and Chapman, MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich, F and Ent, R and Epstein, M and Filippone, BW and Gao, H-Y and Geesaman, DF and Hansen, J-O and Holt, RJ and H},
   Title = {2-body photodisintegration of the deuteron up to 2.8
             gev},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {646-649},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {January},
   Abstract = {Measurements were performed for the photodisintegration
             cross section of the deuteron for photon energies from 1.6
             to 2.8 GeV and center-of-mass angles from 37° to 90°.
             The measured energy dependence of the cross section at
             θc.m. = 90° is in agreement with the constituent
             counting rules.},
   Key = {Belz95}
}

@article{fds246089,
   Author = {Hansen, J-O and Titko, MA and DeSchepper, D and Dodson, G and Donnelly,
             TW and Ent, KDR and Farkhondeh, M and Korsch, W and Kramer, LH and Lee, K and Makins, NCR and Milner, RG and Tieger, DR and Welch, TP and Jones, CE and Arrington, J and Beise, EJ and Bray, B and Carr, RW and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Lung, A and McKeown, RD and Mueller, B and Pitt, ML and Schulze,
             R-W and Sauer, PU and Candell, E and Napolitano, J and Tripp, C and Wojtsekhowski, BB and Lorenzon, W},
   Title = {Transverse-longitudinal asymmetry in the
             quasielastic3He→(e→, e′)
             reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {654-657},
   Year = {1995},
   Abstract = {The transverse-longitudinal asymmetry ATL′ in 3He→(e→,
             e′) quasielastic scattering at momentum transfer Q2 =
             0.14(GeV/c)2 has been measured to be 1.52 ± 0.55(stat) ±
             0.15(syst)%. The plane wave impulse approximation (PWIA)
             prediction for this measurement ranges from 2.1% to 2.9%,
             where the variation is due to uncertainty in the initial
             state wave function, nucleon form factors, and off-shell
             prescription. The data may suggest a suppression with
             respect to the PWIA, which has also been observed for the
             unpolarized longitudinal response function.},
   Key = {fds246089}
}

@booklet{Jones95,
   Author = {Jones, CE and Arrington, J and Beise, EJ and Bray, B and Carr, RW and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Lung, A and McKeown, RD and Mueller, B and Pitt, ML and Deschepper, D and Dodson, G and Dow, K and Ent, R and Farkhondeh, M and Hansen, J-O and Korsch, W and Kramer, LH and Lee, K and Makins, NCR and Milner, RG and Tieger, DR and Welch, TP and Candell, E and Napolitano, J and Tripp, C and Wojtsekhowski, BB and Lorenzon,
             W},
   Title = {Measurement of the spin-dependent asymmetry in 3(e,e)
             inelastic scattering at low energy transfer},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {1520-1523},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.52.1520},
   Abstract = {We present the results of a measurement of the
             spin-dependent asymmetry in 3(e,e) inelastic scattering at
             kinematics on the low-energy transfer side of the
             quasielastic peak, including the region near the breakup
             threshold. Comparison with existing calculations based upon
             the plane wave impulse approximation shows significant
             deviation between the data and the model near the breakup
             threshold. Good agreement between data and theory is seen at
             higher energy transfer. © 1995 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.52.1520},
   Key = {Jones95}
}

@article{fds246176,
   Author = {H. Gao and Brand, JFJVD and Ent, R and Anthony, PL and Arnold, RG and Arrington, J and Beise, EJ and Belz, JE and Bosted, PE and Bulten, H-J and Chapman, MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich, FS and Epstein, M and Filippone, BW and Gao,
             H and Gearhart, RA and Geesaman, DF and Hansen, J-O and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Jones, CE and Keppel, CE and Kinney, ER and Kuhn, S and Lee, K and Lorenzon, W and Lung, A and Makins, NCR and Margaziotis, DJ and McKeown, RD and Milner, RG and Mueller, B and Napolitano, J and Nelson,
             J and O'Neill, TG and Papavassiliou, V and Petratos, GG and Potterveld,
             DH and Rock, SE and Spengos, M et al.},
   Title = {Evidence for virtual Compton scattering from the
             proton},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {4868-4871},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.52.4868},
   Abstract = {In virtual Compton scattering an electron is scattered off a
             nucleon such that the nucleon emits a photon. We show that
             these events can be selected experimentally, and present the
             first evidence for virtual Compton scattering from the
             proton in data obtained at the Stanford Linear Accelerator
             Center. The angular and energy dependence of the data is
             well described by a calculation that includes the coherent
             sum of electron and proton radiation. © 1995 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.52.4868},
   Key = {fds246176}
}

@booklet{Oneill95,
   Author = {O'Neill, TG and Lorenzon, W and Anthony, P and Arnold, RG and Arrington,
             J and Beise, EJ and Belz, JE and Bosted, PE and Bulten, H-J and Chapman,
             MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich, F and Ent, R and Epstein, M and Filippone,
             BW and Gao, H and Gearhart, RA and Geesaman, DF and Hansen, J-O and Holt,
             RJ and Jackson, HE and Jones, CE and Keppel, CE and Kinney, ER and Kuhn, S and Lee, K and Lung, A and Makins, NCR and Margaziotis, DJ and McKeown, RD and Milner, RG and Mueller, B and Napolitano, J and Nelson, J and Papavassiliou, V and Petratos, GG and Potterveld, DH and Rock, SE and Spengos, M and Szalata, ZM et al.},
   Title = {A-dependence of nuclear transparency in quasielastic A(e,
             e′p) at high Q2},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {351},
   Number = {1-3},
   Pages = {87-92},
   Year = {1995},
   Abstract = {The A-dependence of the quasielastic A(e, e′p) reaction
             has been studied at SLAC with 2H, C, Fe, and Au nuclei at
             momentum transfers Q2 = 1, 3, 5, and 6.8 (GeV/c)2. We
             extract the nuclear transparency T(A,Q2), a measure of the
             average probability that the struck proton escapes from the
             nucleus A without interaction. Several calculations predict
             a significant increase in T with momentum transfer, a
             phenomenon known as Color Transparency. Within the
             measurement uncertainty, no increase is seen for any of the
             nuclei studied.},
   Key = {Oneill95}
}

@booklet{Bulten95,
   Author = {Bulten, HJ and Anthony, PL and Arnold, RG and Arlington, J and Beise,
             EJ and Beiz, E and Bibber, KV and Bosted, PE and Brand, JFJVD and Chapman,
             MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich, FS and Ent, R and Epstein, M and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Gearhart, RA and Geesaman, DF and Hansen,
             J-O and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Jones, CE and Keppel, CE and Kinney,
             E and Kuhn, SE and Lee, K and Lorenzon, W and Lung, A and Makins, NCR and Margaziotis, DJ and McKeown, RD and Milner, RG and Mueller, B and Napolitano, J and Nelson, J and O'Neill, TG and Papavassiliou, V and Petratos, GG and Potterveld, DH and Rock, SE et
             al.},
   Title = {Exclusive electron scattering from deuterium at high
             momentum transfer},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {4775-4778},
   Year = {1995},
   Abstract = {Cross sections are presented for the reaction 2H(e, e′p)n
             for momentum transfers in the range 1.2 ≤ Q2 ≤ 6.8
             (GeV/c)2 and for missing momenta from 0 to 250 MeV/c. The
             longitudinal-transverse interference structure function has
             been separated at Q2 = 1.2 (GeV/c)2. The observables are
             compared to calculations performed in nonrelativistic and
             relativistic frameworks. The data are best described by a
             fully relativistic calculation.},
   Key = {Bulten95}
}

@article{fds304561,
   Author = {Belz, JE and Potterveld, DH and Anthony, P and Arnold, RG and Arrington,
             J and Beck, D and Beise, EJ and Bosted, PE and Bulten, H-J and Chapman, MS and Coulter, KP and Dietrich, F and Ent, R and Epstein, M and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Gearhart, RA and Geesaman, DF and Hansen, J-O and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Jones, CE and Keppel, CE and Kinney, ER and Kuhn, S and Lee, K and Lorenzon, W and Lung, A and Makins, NCR and Margaziotis, DJ and McKeown, RD and Meziani, ZE and Milner, RG and Mueller, B and Napolitano, J and Nelson, J and O'Neill, TG and Papavassiliou, V and Petratos, GG and Rock, SE and Segel, RE et al.},
   Title = {Two-body photodisintegration of the deuteron up to 2.8
             GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {646-649},
   Year = {1995},
   Abstract = {Measurements were performed for the photodisintegration
             cross section of the deuteron for photon energies from 1.6
             to 2.8 GeV and center-of-mass angles from 37° to 90°. The
             measured energy dependence of the cross section at θc.m. =
             90° is in agreement with the constituent counting
             rules.},
   Key = {fds304561}
}

@article{fds246129,
   Author = {Gao, H and Arrington, J and Beise, EJ and Bray, B and Carr, RW and Filippone, BW and Lung, A and McKeown, RD and Mueller, B and Pitt, ML and Jones, CE and DeSchepper, D and Dodson, G and Dow, K and Ent, R and Farkhondeh, M and Hansen, J-O and Korsch, W and Kramer, LH and Lee, K and Makins, N and Milner, RG and Tieger, DR and Welch, TP and Candell, E and Napolitano, J and Wojtsekhowski, BB and Tripp, C and Lorenzon,
             W},
   Title = {Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from
             inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons
             from polarized He3},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {50},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {R546-R549},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.50.R546},
   Abstract = {We report a measurement of the asymmetry in spin-dependent
             quasielastic scattering of longitudinally polarized
             electrons from a polarized He3 target. The neutron magnetic
             form factor GMn has been extracted from the measured
             asymmetry based on recent PWIA calculations using
             spin-dependent spectral functions. Our determination of GMn
             at Q2=0.19 (GeV/c)2 agrees with the dipole parametrization.
             This experiment represents the first measurement of the
             neutron magnetic form factor using spin-dependent electron
             scattering. © 1994 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.50.R546},
   Key = {fds246129}
}

@article{fds246175,
   Author = {Makins, NCR and Ent, R and Chapman, MS and Hansen, J-O and Lee, K and Milner, RG and Nelson, J and Arnold, RG and Bosted, PE and Keppel, CE and Lung, A and Rock, SE and Spengos, M and Szalata, ZM and Tao, LH and White,
             JL and Coulter, KP and Geesaman, DF and Holt, RJ and Jackson, HE and Papavassiliou, V and Potterveld, DH and Zeidman, B and Arrington, J and Beise, EJ and Belz, E and Filippone, BW and Gao, H and Lorenzon, W and Mueller, B and McKeown, RD and O'Neill, TG and Epstein, M and Margaziotis, DJ and Napolitano, J and Kinney, E and Anthony, PL and Bibber, KV and Dietrich, FS and Gearhart, RA et
             al.},
   Title = {Momentum transfer dependence of nuclear transparency from
             the quasielastic C12(e,e'p) reaction},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {72},
   Number = {13},
   Pages = {1986-1989},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.72.1986},
   Abstract = {The cross section for quasielastic C12(e,e'p) scattering has
             been measured at momentum transfer Q2=1, 3, 5, and 6.8
             (GeV/c)2. The results are consistent with scattering from a
             single nucleon as the dominant process. The nuclear
             transparency is obtained and compared with theoretical
             calculations that incorporate color transparency effects. No
             significant rise of the transparency with Q2 is observed. ©
             1994 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.72.1986},
   Key = {fds246175}
}

@article{fds246174,
   Author = {Lorenzon, W and Gentile, TR and Gao, H and McKeown,
             RD},
   Title = {NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear
             polarization in He3},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {468-479},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.47.468},
   Abstract = {We have performed precise NMR measurements in order to
             calibrate a standard optical technique for measuring the
             polarization of He3 nuclei. This optical technique requires
             knowledge of the pressure-dependent relationship between the
             nuclear polarization and the degree of circular polarization
             of the 668-nm light emitted from a He3 discharge. We
             determined the nuclear polarization by comparing the
             adiabatic fast-passage NMR signal from samples of polarized
             He3 at pressures between 0.1 and 5 torr to an identical
             sample of water. For water, the polarization is known from
             statistical mechanics. The He3 is polarized using the
             metastability exchange technique for optical pumping of He3.
             The accuracy of the calibration is 2%, which is required for
             applications in nuclear physics. © 1993 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.47.468},
   Key = {fds246174}
}

@article{fds246097,
   Author = {Gao, H and Behringer, RP},
   Title = {Onset of time dependence at the secondary instability of a
             convecting binary mixture: Implications for wave-number
             selection.},
   Journal = {Physical review. A, General physics},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {3993-3996},
   Year = {1987},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {0556-2791},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9898638},
   Key = {fds246097}
}

@article{fds246096,
   Author = {Gao, H and Metcalfe, G and Jung, T and Behringer,
             RP},
   Title = {HEAT-FLOW EXPERIMENTS IN LIQUID **4He WITH A VARIABLE
             CYLINDRICAL GEOMETRY.},
   Journal = {Journal of Fluid Mechanics},
   Volume = {174},
   Pages = {209-231},
   Year = {1987},
   Abstract = {This paper first describes an apparatus for measuring the
             Nusselt number N versus the Rayleigh number R of convecting
             normal liquid **4He layers. The most important feature of
             the apparatus is its ability to provide layers of different
             heights d, and hence different aspect ratios GAMMA . The
             horizontal cross-section of each layer is circular, and
             GAMMA is defined by GAMMA equals D/2d where D is the
             diameter of the layer. Results are reported for 2. 4 less
             than equivalent to GAMMA less than equivalent to 16 and for
             Prandtl numbers Pr spanning 0. 5. and 0. 9. These results
             are presented in terms of the slope N//1 equals R//cdN/dR
             evaluated just above the onset of convection at R//c. Study
             results are discussed.},
   Key = {fds246096}
}

@article{fds246095,
   Author = {Gao, H and Behringer, RP},
   Title = {Convective instabilities of a normal liquid 3He-4He
             mixture.},
   Journal = {Physical review. A, General physics},
   Volume = {34},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {697-700},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0556-2791},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9897319},
   Key = {fds246095}
}

@article{fds246087,
   Author = {Gao, H and Behringer, RP},
   Title = {Onset of convective time dependence in cylindrical
             containers},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2837-2839},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.30.2837},
   Abstract = {Thermal measurements probe time dependence in a convecting
             helium layer with cylindrical geometry and aspect ratios
             radiusheight in the range 2.4&lt; &lt;22. For all, there is
             a first transition at a Rayleigh number R1&gt;Rc where
             convection begins at Rc. Time dependence occurs for R&gt;R1
             when 4. The character of the transition at R1 is identified
             over the full range of. As becomes large R1Rc 1.09, a value
             which is difficult to reconcile with predictions for the
             expected skewed varicose instability. © 1984 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.30.2837},
   Key = {fds246087}
}

@article{fds246086,
   Author = {Behringer, RP and Gao, H and Shaumeyer, JN},
   Title = {Time dependence in rayleigh-Bénard convection with a
             variable cylindrical geometry},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {50},
   Number = {16},
   Pages = {1199-1202},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.1199},
   Abstract = {Studies of the first time dependence in Rayleigh-Bénard
             convection in He4 are reported. The aspect ratio Γ could be
             varied continuously. Data at 31 Γ values with 4&lt;Γ&lt;13
             show that near onset the first time dependence is always
             periodic and associated with changes in the heat transport.
             The dominant periodicity has a nonzero amplitude, A, and
             vanishing frequency at onset. Changes in A with Γ show
             wave-number effects. Except for the time dependence, the
             transition is consistent with predictions for the
             skew-varicose instability. © 1983 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.1199},
   Key = {fds246086}
}


%% Papers Accepted   
@article{fds246003,
   Author = {Akushevich, I and Gao, H and Ilyichev, A and Meziane,
             M},
   Title = {Radiative corrections beyond the ultra relativistic limit in
             unpolarized ep elastic and Møller scatterings for the PRad
             Experiment at Jefferson Laboratory},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal A - Hadrons and
             Nuclei},
   Volume = {51},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2015-15001-8},
   Doi = {10.1140/epja/i2015-15001-8},
   Key = {fds246003}
}


%% Papers Submitted   
@article{fds43008,
   Author = {Y. Liang et al. (including H. Gao)},
   Title = {``Measurement of R = $\sigma_{L}/\sigma_{T}$ and the
             Separated Longitudinal and Transverse Structure Functions in
             the Nucleon Resonance Region''},
   Journal = {nucl-ex/0410027, submitted to Physical Review
             C},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds43008}
}

@article{fds246165,
   Author = {H. Gao and al, GLE},
   Title = {Virtual Compton Scattering in the Resonance Region Up to the
             Deep Inelastic Region at Backward Angles and Momentum
             Transfer Squared of Q2=1.0 (GeV/c)2},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds246165}
}