Publications of Berndt Mueller    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Books   
@book{fds42606,
   Title = {Nonperturbative Quantum Chromodynamics. Proceedings, 8th
             Workshop, Paris, France, June 7-11, 2004},
   Journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. A},
   Volume = {20},
   Pages = {4363-4697},
   Editor = {B. Müller and C. I. Tan},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://worldscinet.com/ijmpa/20/2019/S0217751X052019.html},
   Key = {fds42606}
}

@book{fds14750,
   Author = {J. Kapusta and B. Müller and J. Rafelski},
   Title = {Quark-Gluon Plasma - Theoretical Foundations (An annotated
             reprint collection).},
   Publisher = {Elsevier},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds14750}
}

@book{fds38417,
   Title = {Quantum Chromodynamics. Proceedings, 7th Workshop,
             Villefranche-s-Mer, France, January 6-10,
             2003},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and B. Müller and Y. Gabellini},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds38417}
}

@book{fds38416,
   Title = {Non-Perturbative QCD, Proceedings, 6th Workshop, Paris,
             France, June 5-9, 2001},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and Y. Gabellini and B. Müller},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds38416}
}

@article{Fried:2000jc,
   Title = {Quantum Chromodynamics. Proceedings 5th Workshop,
             Villefranche-s-Mer, France, January 3-7,
             2000},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and B. Müller},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {Fried:2000jc}
}

@article{Fried:1999kn,
   Title = {Quantum chromodynamics. Proceedings, 4th Workshop, Paris,
             France, June 1-6, 1998},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and B. Müller},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {Fried:1999kn}
}

@article{Muller:1999br,
   Title = {RHIC Physics and Beyond -- Kay Kay Gee Day},
   Publisher = {American Institute of Physics (CP 482)},
   Editor = {B. Müller and R. D. Pisarski},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {Muller:1999br}
}

@article{Fried:1997sp,
   Title = {Quantum chromodynamics: Collisions, confinement and chaos.
             Proceedings, 3rd Workshop on Fundamental Physics, Paris,
             France, June 3-8, 1996},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {B. Fried and B. Müller},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {Fried:1997sp}
}

@article{Muller:1995he,
   Author = {B. Müller and J. Reinhardt and M. T. Strickland},
   Title = {Neural networks: An Introduction},
   Publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {Muller:1995he}
}

@article{Fried:1995iv,
   Title = {Quantum infrared physics. Proceedings, Workshop, Paris,
             France, June 6-10, 1994},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and B. Müller},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {Fried:1995iv}
}

@article{Biro:1995jc,
   Author = {T. S. Biro and S. G. Matinyan and B. Müller},
   Title = {Chaos and Gauge Field Theory},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {Biro:1995jc}
}

@article{Greiner:1993sl,
   Author = {W. Greiner and B. Müller},
   Title = {Quantum mechanics II: Symmetries},
   Publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {Greiner:1993sl}
}

@article{Greiner:1993qp,
   Author = {W. Greiner and B. Müller},
   Title = {Gauge theory of weak interactions},
   Publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {Greiner:1993qp}
}

@article{Fried:1993jr,
   Title = {QCD vacuum structure. Proceedings, Workshop, Paris, France,
             June 1-5, 1992},
   Publisher = {World Scientific},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and B. Müller},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {Fried:1993jr}
}

@article{Fried:1991up,
   Title = {Vacuum structure in intense fields. Proceedings, NATO
             Advanced Study Institute, Cargese, France, July 31 - August
             10, 1990},
   Publisher = {Plenum Press},
   Editor = {H. M. Fried and B. Müller},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {Fried:1991up}
}

@article{Muller:1985ed,
   Author = {B. Müller},
   Title = {The physics of the quark-gluon plasma},
   Publisher = {Springer-Verlag (LNP 225)},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {Muller:1985ed}
}

@book{fds38418,
   Author = {W. Greiner and B. Müller and J. Rafelski},
   Title = {Quantum Electrodynamics of Strong Fields},
   Publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds38418}
}


%% Papers Published   
@article{fds322935,
   Author = {Yang, D-L and Müller, B},
   Title = {Shear viscosities of photons in strongly coupled
             plasmas},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {760},
   Pages = {565-570},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2016.07.034},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2016.07.034},
   Key = {fds322935}
}

@article{fds247169,
   Author = {Müller, B and Yang, D-L},
   Title = {Viscous leptons in the quark gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {91},
   Number = {12},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.91.125010},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.91.125010},
   Key = {fds247169}
}

@article{fds247168,
   Author = {Muller, B},
   Title = {PHENIX and the quest for the quark-gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Progress of Theoretical and Experimental
             Physics},
   Volume = {2015},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {3A103},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://ptep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/ptu137?ijkey=DAefZTjUnytOCaA&keytype=ref},
   Abstract = {http://ptep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/ptu137?ijkey=DAefZTjUnytOCaA&keytype=ref},
   Doi = {10.1093/ptep/ptu137},
   Key = {fds247168}
}

@article{fds247170,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {How to catch a ‘fat’ proton},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {352},
   Pages = {59-69},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aop.2014.07.040},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.aop.2014.07.040},
   Key = {fds247170}
}

@article{fds247171,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Center domains and their phenomenological consequences in
             ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {931},
   Pages = {1120-1124},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.08.005},
   Abstract = {© 2014 Elsevier B.V. We argue that the domain structure of
             deconfined QCD matter, which can be inferred from the
             properties of the Polyakov loop, can simultaneously explain
             the two most prominent experimental features of the
             quark-gluon plasma, namely its near ideal fluid properties
             and its large opacity.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.08.005},
   Key = {fds247171}
}

@article{fds247173,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Center domains and their phenomenological consequences in
             ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {931},
   Pages = {1120-1124},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.08.005},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.08.005},
   Key = {fds247173}
}

@article{fds247172,
   Author = {Burke, KM and Buzzatti, A and Chang, N and Gale, C and Gyulassy, M and Heinz, U and Jeon, S and Majumder, A and Müller, B and Qin, G-Y and Schenke, B and Shen, C and Wang, X-N and Xu, J and Young, C and Zhang,
             H},
   Title = {Extracting the jet transport coefficient from jet quenching
             in high-energy heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {015909},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.90.014909},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.5003},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.90.014909},
   Key = {fds247172}
}

@article{fds247174,
   Author = {Qin, G-Y and Müller, B},
   Title = {Elliptic and triangular flow anisotropy in deuteron-gold
             collisions at GeV at RHIC and in proton-lead collisions at
             TeV at the LHC},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {044902},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.044902},
   Abstract = {http://arXiv.org/abs/1306.3439},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.89.044902},
   Key = {fds247174}
}

@article{fds247176,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, CE and Müller, B},
   Title = {Mapping the proton’s fluctuating size and
             shape},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {025019},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.025019},
   Abstract = {http://arXiv.org/abs/1307.5911},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.89.025019},
   Key = {fds247176}
}

@article{fds247177,
   Author = {Müller, B and Wu, S-Y and Yang, D-L},
   Title = {Elliptic flow from thermal photons with magnetic field in
             holography},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {025019},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.026013},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.6568},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.89.026013},
   Key = {fds247177}
}

@article{fds247178,
   Author = {Caceres, E and Kundu, A and Müller, B and Vaman, D and Yang,
             DL},
   Title = {Jet quenching and holographic thermalization},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {1560},
   Pages = {672-674},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4826868},
   Abstract = {We employ the AdS/CFT correspondence to investigate the
             thermalization of the strongly-coupled plasma and the jet
             quenching of a hard probe traversing such a thermalizing
             medium. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.4826868},
   Key = {fds247178}
}

@article{fds247182,
   Author = {Balasubramanian, V and Bernamonti, A and de Boer, J and Craps, B and Franti, L and Galli, F and Keski-Vakkuri, E and Müller, B and Schäfer,
             A},
   Title = {Inhomogeneous thermalization in strongly coupled field
             theories.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {111},
   Number = {23},
   Pages = {231602},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1307.1487},
   Abstract = {To describe theoretically the creation and evolution of the
             quark-gluon plasma, one typically employs three ingredients:
             a model for the initial state, nonhydrodynamic early time
             evolution, and hydrodynamics. In this Letter we study the
             nonhydrodynamic early time evolution using the AdS/CFT
             correspondence in the presence of inhomogeneities. We find
             that the AdS description of the early time evolution is well
             matched by free streaming. Near the end of the early time
             interval where our analytic computations are reliable, the
             stress tensor agrees with the second order hydrodynamic
             stress tensor computed from the local energy density and
             fluid velocity. Our techniques may also be useful for the
             study of far-from-equilibrium strongly coupled systems in
             other areas of physics.},
   Doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.111.231602},
   Key = {fds247182}
}

@article{fds247179,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Investigation of hot QCD matter: theoretical
             aspects},
   Journal = {Physica Scripta: an international journal for experimental
             and theoretical physics},
   Volume = {T158},
   Pages = {014004-014004},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0031-8949},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1309.7616},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7616},
   Doi = {10.1088/0031-8949/2013/T158/014004},
   Key = {fds247179}
}

@article{fds324420,
   Author = {Balasubramanian, V and Bernamonti, A and de Boer, J and Craps, B and Franti, L and Galli, F and Keski-Vakkuri, E and Mueller, B and Schaefer,
             A},
   Title = {Inhomogeneous holographic thermalization},
   Journal = {The Journal of High Energy Physics},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {082},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1307.7086},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.7086},
   Doi = {10.1007/JHEP10(2013)082},
   Key = {fds324420}
}

@article{fds247187,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, CE and Mueller, B},
   Title = {What can we learn from dijets? A systematic study at RHIC
             with VNI/BMS.},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {910},
   Pages = {429-432},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000322930900083&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2012.12.014},
   Key = {fds247187}
}

@article{fds247188,
   Author = {Kapusta, JI and Mueller, B and Stephanov, M},
   Title = {Hydrodynamic noise and Bjorken expansion},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {904},
   Pages = {499C-502C},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000320486100082&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.02.062},
   Key = {fds247188}
}

@article{fds247197,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, CE and Mueller, B},
   Title = {A "Helium atom" of space: Dynamical instability of the
             isochoric pentahedron},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {044047},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000315280300008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.1930},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.87.044047},
   Key = {fds247197}
}

@article{fds220245,
   Author = {Petersen, H. and Müller, B.},
   Title = {On the possibility of event shape selection in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {88},
   Pages = {044918},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1305.2735},
   Abstract = {http://arXiv.org/abs/1305.2735},
   Key = {fds220245}
}

@article{fds218430,
   Author = {Müller, B. and Yang, D.L.},
   Title = {Light probes in a strongly coupled anisotropic
             plasma},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {87},
   Pages = {046004},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1212.1930},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.1930},
   Key = {fds218430}
}

@article{fds247167,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {How to catch a 'fat' proton},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aop.2014.07.040},
   Abstract = {© 2014 Elsevier Inc.We argue that high-multiplicity events
             in proton-proton or proton-nucleus collisions originate from
             large-size fluctuations of the nucleon shape. We discuss a
             pair of simple models of such proton shape fluctuations. A
             "fat" proton with a size of 3fm occurs with observable
             frequency. In light of this result, collective flow behavior
             in the ensuing nuclear interaction seems feasible. We
             discuss the influence of these models on the parton
             structure of the proton.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.aop.2014.07.040},
   Key = {fds247167}
}

@article{fds247181,
   Author = {Cao, S and Qin, G-Y and Bass, SA and Mueller, B and IOP},
   Title = {Heavy quark energy loss and angular de-correlation in a
             quark-gluon plasma matter},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics},
   Volume = {446},
   Pages = {012035-012035},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/446/1/012035},
   Doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/446/1/012035},
   Key = {fds247181}
}

@article{fds247184,
   Author = {Iida, H and Kunihiro, T and Müller, B and Ohnishi, A and Schäfer, A and Takahashi, TT},
   Title = {Entropy production in classical Yang-Mills theory from
             glasma initial conditions},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {88},
   Number = {9},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.094006},
   Abstract = {We study the thermalization process in classical Yang-Mills
             field theory starting from noisy glasmalike initial
             conditions by investigating the initial-value sensitivity of
             trajectories. Kunihiro et al. linked entropy generation to
             the Kolmogorov-Sinaï entropy, which gives the entropy
             production rate in classical chaotic systems, calculated
             numerically for classical Yang-Mills fields starting from
             purely random initial field configurations. In contrast, we
             study here glasmalike initial conditions. For small random
             fluctuations, we obtain qualitatively similar results, while
             no entropy increase is observed when such fluctuations are
             absent. We analyze the intermediate-time Lyapunov spectrum
             for several time windows and calculate the Kolmogorov-Sinaï
             entropy. We find a large number of positive Lyapunov
             exponents at the early stages of time evolution. Also, for
             later times, their number is a sizeable fraction of the
             total number of degrees of freedom. The spectrum of positive
             Lyapunov exponents at first changes rapidly but then
             stabilizes, indicating that the dynamics of the gauge fields
             approaches a steady state. Thus, we conclude that also for
             glasmalike initial conditions, a significant amount of
             entropy is produced by classical gluon field dynamics. ©
             2013 American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.88.094006},
   Key = {fds247184}
}

@article{fds247185,
   Author = {Petersen, H and Müller, B},
   Title = {Possibility of event shape selection in relativistic heavy
             ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {88},
   Number = {4},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.88.044918},
   Abstract = {We investigate the possibility of selecting heavy ion
             collision events with certain features in the initial state
             (event engineering). Anisotropic flow measurements in heavy
             ion reactions have confirmed the almost ideal fluid
             dynamical behavior of the hot and dense quark-gluon plasma
             state. As a consequence, it is intriguing to pursue the idea
             of selecting collisions with a certain special initial
             geometry, e.g., a large ellipsoidal or triangular
             deformation, by classifying events by the value of their
             final observed flow coefficients. This procedure could be
             especially interesting for azimuthally dependent jet energy
             loss studies. We investigate the correlation between initial
             state features and final state momentum space anisotropies
             within an event-by-event hybrid approach. We find that the
             finite particle number and hadronic rescattering of the
             final state leads to large event-by-event fluctuations in
             the observables that could be used to characterize the
             features of the initial state. This makes event engineering
             by final state selection difficult. © 2013 American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.88.044918},
   Key = {fds247185}
}

@article{fds247186,
   Author = {Kirakosyan, M and Leonidov, A and Müller, B},
   Title = {Turbulence-induced instabilities in EP and
             QGP},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Polonica B, Proceedings Supplement},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {403-408},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {1899-2358},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5506/APhysPolBSupp.6.403},
   Abstract = {Polarization properties of turbulent stochastically
             inhomogeneous ultrarelativistic QED plasma are studied. It
             is shown that the sign of nonlinear turbulent Landau damping
             corresponds to an instability of the spacelike modes and,
             for sufficiently large turbulent fields, to an actual
             instability of a system.},
   Doi = {10.5506/APhysPolBSupp.6.403},
   Key = {fds247186}
}

@article{fds247189,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, CE and Müller, B and Bass, SA},
   Title = {Systematic Monte-Carlo studies of dijets at RHIC using the
             VNI/BMS Parton Cascade},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {904-905},
   Pages = {759c-762c},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.02.128},
   Abstract = {We present a study of the dijet suppression at RHIC using
             the parton cascade model. We examine the modification of the
             dijet asymmetry A j and the fragmentation distributions z
             and j T in terms of: q̂; the path length of leading and
             sub-leading jets; cuts on the jet energy distributions; jet
             cone angle and the jet-medium interaction mechanism. We have
             introduced a string hadronization model and present hadronic
             jet fragmentation distributions. We find that A j is most
             sensitive to q̂ and less sensitive to the nature of the
             jet-medium interaction mechanism. The fragmentation
             distributions show jet modification and differentiate
             between elastic and radiative+elastic modes. © 2013
             Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.02.128},
   Key = {fds247189}
}

@article{fds247193,
   Author = {Balasubramanian, V and Bernamonti, A and Craps, B and Keränen, V and Keski-Vakkuri, E and Müller, B and Thorlacius, L and Vanhoof,
             J},
   Title = {Thermalization of the spectral function in strongly coupled
             two dimensional conformal field theories},
   Journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics},
   Volume = {2013},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {069},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {1126-6708},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1212.6066},
   Abstract = {Using Wigner transforms of Green functions, we discuss
             non-equilibrium generalizations of spectral functions and
             occupation numbers. We develop methods for computing
             time-dependent spectral functions in conformal field
             theories holographically dual to thin-shell AdS-Vaidya
             spacetimes. © 2013 SISSA.},
   Doi = {10.1007/JHEP04(2013)069},
   Key = {fds247193}
}

@article{fds247195,
   Author = {Ayyar, V and Müller, B},
   Title = {Approach to equilibrium in the caldeira-leggett
             model},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {1350016},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {0218-3013},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1212.3538},
   Abstract = {The Caldeira-Leggett (CL) model describes a microscopic
             quantum system, represented by a harmonic oscillator, in
             interaction with a heat bath, represented by a large number
             of harmonic oscillators with a range of frequencies. We
             consider the case when the system oscillator starts out in
             the ground state and then thermalizes due to interactions
             with the heat bath, which is at temperature θ. We calculate
             the position autocorrelation function 〈x(t')x(t)〉 of the
             system oscillator at two different times and study its
             behavior in the small and large time limits. Our results
             show that the system oscillator thermalizes as expected. We
             also confirm by explicit calculation that the position
             autocorrelation function exhibits periodicity for imaginary
             values of the time difference t'-t = iτ at late-(real)
             times t. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing
             Company.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S021830131350016X},
   Key = {fds247195}
}

@article{fds247196,
   Author = {Müller, B and Yang, D-L},
   Title = {Light probes in a strongly coupled anisotropic
             plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {87},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {046004},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.87.046004},
   Abstract = {We employ the gauge/gravity duality to study the jet
             quenching of light probes traversing a static yet
             anisotropic strongly coupled N=4 super Yang-Mills plasma. We
             compute the stopping distance of an image jet induced by a
             massless source field, which is characterized by a massless
             particle falling along the null geodesic in the WKB
             approximation, in an anisotropic dual geometry introduced by
             Mateos and Trancancelli. At mid and large anisotropic
             regimes, the stopping distances of a probe traveling in the
             anisotropic plasma along various orientations are suppressed
             compared to those in an isotropic plasma, especially along
             the longitudinal direction at equal temperature. However,
             when fixing the entropy density, the anisotropic values of
             stopping distances near the transverse directions slightly
             surpass the isotropic values. In general, the jet quenching
             of light probes is increased by the anisotropic effect in a
             strongly coupled and equilibrium plasma. © 2013 American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.87.046004},
   Key = {fds247196}
}

@article{fds247274,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, CE and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Results of a systematic study of dijet suppression measured
             at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider},
   Journal = {Physical Review C},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {054901},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {2469-9985},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000310685400007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.86.054901},
   Key = {fds247274}
}

@article{fds247190,
   Author = {Cao, S and Qin, G-Y and Bass, SA and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Collisional vs. Radiative Energy Loss of Heavy Quark in a
             Hot and Dense Nuclear Matter},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1209.5410},
   Key = {fds247190}
}

@article{fds247272,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Center Domains and their Phenomenological
             Consequences},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {110},
   Pages = {202301},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1208.2426},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1208.2426},
   Key = {fds247272}
}

@article{fds247183,
   Author = {Arnold, P and Florkowski, W and Fodor, Z and Foka, P and Harris, J and Lisa, M and Meyer, H and Milov, A and Mischke, A and Müller, B and al,
             E},
   Title = {What is the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and how do we find
             out?},
   Journal = {PoS - Proceedings of Science},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1824-8039},
   Abstract = {We present a panel discussion about our current state of
             knowledge about the Quark-Gluon Plasma. The nine panelists
             were asked to address the question: What do we want to know
             about the quark-gluon plasma, and how can we find the
             answers? The contributions illuminate our present
             understanding and highlight various aspects of the ongoing
             debate about the future directions of relativistic heavy-ion
             collision research. © Copyright owned by the
             author(s).},
   Key = {fds247183}
}

@article{fds247194,
   Author = {Qin, G-Y and Müller, B},
   Title = {Erratum: Explanation of dijet asymmetry in Pb-pb collisions
             at the large hadron collider (Physical Review
             Letters)},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {108},
   Number = {18},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.189904},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.189904},
   Key = {fds247194}
}

@article{fds247260,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, CE and Qin, G-Y and Bass, SA and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Jet modification in a brick of QGP matter},
   Journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
   Volume = {1441},
   Pages = {892-894},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0094-243X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3700711},
   Abstract = {We have implemented the LPM effect into a microscopic
             transport model with partonic degrees of freedom by
             following the algorithm of Zapp & Wiedemann. The
             Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) effect is a quantum
             interference process that modifies the emission of radiation
             in the presence of a dense medium. In QCD this results in a
             quadratic length dependence for radiative energy loss. This
             is an important effect for the modification of jets by their
             passage through the QGP. We verify the leading parton energy
             loss in the model against the leading order
             Baier-Dokshitzer-Mueller-Peigne-Schiff-Zakharov (BDMPS-Z)
             result. We apply our model to the recent observations of the
             modification of di-jets at the LHC. © 2012 American
             Institute of Physics.},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.3700711},
   Key = {fds247260}
}

@article{fds247273,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {No Pain, no Gain: Hard probes of the quark-gluon plasma
             coming of age},
   Journal = {Nucl. Phys. A},
   Volume = {910},
   Pages = {5},
   Year = {2012},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1207.7302},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.7302},
   Key = {fds247273}
}

@article{fds247275,
   Author = {Müller, B and Schukraft, J and Wysłouch, B},
   Title = {First results from Pb+Pb collisions at the
             LHC},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science},
   Volume = {62},
   Pages = {361-386},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0163-8998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1202.3233v1.pdf},
   Abstract = {At the end of 2010, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN
             started operation with heavy-ion beams, colliding lead
             nuclei at a center-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV per nucleon.
             These collisions ushered in a new era in ultrarelativistic
             heavy-ion physics at energies exceeding that of previous
             accelerators by more than an order of magnitude. This review
             summarizes the results from the first year of heavy-ion
             physics at the LHC obtained by the three experiments
             participating in the heavy-ion program: ALICE, ATLAS, and
             CMS. © 2012 by Annual Reviews.},
   Doi = {10.1146/annurev-nucl-102711-094910},
   Key = {fds247275}
}

@article{fds247277,
   Author = {Jacak, BV and Müller, B},
   Title = {The exploration of hot nuclear matter},
   Journal = {Science},
   Volume = {337},
   Number = {6092},
   Pages = {310-314},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0036-8075},
   url = {http://www.sciencemag.org/content/337/6092/310.full},
   Abstract = {When nuclear matter is heated beyond 2 trillion degrees, it
             becomes a strongly coupled plasma of quarks and gluons.
             Experiments using highly energetic collisions between heavy
             nuclei have revealed that this new state of matter is a
             nearly ideal, highly opaque liquid. A description based on
             string theory and black holes in five dimensions has made
             the quark-gluon plasma an archetypical strongly coupled
             quantum system. Open questions about the structure and
             theory of the quark-gluon plasma are under active
             investigation. Many of the insights are also relevant to
             ultracold fermionic atoms and strongly correlated condensed
             matter.},
   Doi = {10.1126/science.1215901},
   Key = {fds247277}
}

@article{fds247278,
   Author = {Qin, G-Y and Müller, B},
   Title = {Counting hot/cold spots in quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {061901(R)},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1109.5961},
   Abstract = {We study how local fluctuations in the initial states of
             relativistic heavy-ion collisions manifest in the
             correlations between different orders of harmonic moments of
             the density profiles, particularly those involving only odd
             harmonics that arise purely from initial-state fluctuations.
             We find the strengths of those correlations are sensitive to
             the number of hot and cold spots in the initial states.
             Hydrodynamic evolution of the fireball translates
             initial-state geometric anisotropies as well as their
             correlations into final-state momentum anisotropies and
             correlations. We conclude that the measurement of the
             correlations between different harmonic moments of
             final-state azimuthal distribution can be employed to
             quantify the inhomogeneity of the initial density profiles
             such as the population of hot and cold spots that are
             produced in high-energy nuclear collisions. © 2012 American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.85.061901},
   Key = {fds247278}
}

@article{fds247279,
   Author = {M, and uuml, and ller, B and Sch, and auml, and fer,
             A},
   Title = {Transverse energy density fluctuations in the color glass
             condensate model},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {114030},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/arXiv:1111.3347},
   Abstract = {http://arXiv.org/abs/arXiv:1111.3347},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.85.114030},
   Key = {fds247279}
}

@article{fds247280,
   Author = {Kapusta, JI and Müller, B and Stephanov, M},
   Title = {Relativistic theory of hydrodynamic fluctuations with
             applications to heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {054906},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1112.6405},
   Abstract = {We develop the relativistic theory of hydrodynamic
             fluctuations for application to high-energy heavy-ion
             collisions. In particular, we investigate their effect on
             the expanding boost-invariant (Bjorken) solution of the
             hydrodynamic equations. We discover that correlations over a
             long rapidity range are induced by the propagation of the
             sound modes. Due to the expansion, the dispersion law for
             these modes is nonlinear and attenuated even in the limit of
             zero viscosity. As a result, there is a nondissipative wake
             behind the sound front which is generated by any
             instantaneous pointlike fluctuation. We evaluate the
             two-particle correlators using the initial conditions and
             hydrodynamic parameters relevant for heavy-ion collisions at
             RHIC and LHC. In principle these correlators can be used to
             obtain information about the viscosities because the
             magnitudes of the fluctuations are directly proportional to
             them. © 2012 American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.85.054906},
   Key = {fds247280}
}

@article{fds247281,
   Author = {Kapusta, J and Müller, B and Stephanov, M},
   Title = {Relativistic noise},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Polonica, Series B.},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {781-790},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0587-4254},
   url = {http://th-www.if.uj.edu.pl/acta/vol43/pdf/v43p0781.pdf},
   Abstract = {The relativistic theory of hydrodynamic fluctuations, or
             noise, is derived and applied to high energy heavy ion
             collisions. These fluctuations are inherent in any
             space-time varying system and are present in addition to
             initial state fluctuations. We illustrate the effects with
             the boost-invariant Bjorken solution to the hydrodynamic
             equations. Long range correlations in rapidity are induced
             by propagation of sound modes. The magnitude of these
             correlations is directly proportional to the viscosities.
             These fluctuations should be enhanced near a phase
             transition or rapid crossover.},
   Doi = {10.5506/APhysPolB.43.781},
   Key = {fds247281}
}

@article{fds247282,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Strangeness and the quark-gluon PLASMA: Thirty years of
             discovery},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Polonica, Series B.},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {761-770},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0587-4254},
   url = {http://th-www.if.uj.edu.pl/acta/vol43/pdf/v43p0761.pdf},
   Abstract = {I review the role of strange quarks as probes of hot QCD
             matter.},
   Doi = {10.5506/APhysPolB.43.761},
   Key = {fds247282}
}

@article{fds247283,
   Author = {Tsai, H-M and Müller, B},
   Title = {Entropy production and equilibration in Yang-Mills quantum
             mechanics},
   Journal = {Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter
             Physics},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {011110},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1539-3755},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4970 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {The Husimi distribution provides for a coarse-grained
             representation of the phase-space distribution of a quantum
             system, which may be used to track the growth of entropy of
             the system. We present a general and systematic method of
             solving the Husimi equation of motion for an isolated
             quantum system, and we construct a coarse-grained
             Hamiltonian whose expectation value is exactly conserved. As
             an application, we numerically solve the Husimi equation of
             motion for two-dimensional Yang-Mills quantum mechanics (the
             x-y model) and calculate the time evolution of the
             coarse-grained entropy of a highly excited state. We show
             that the coarse-grained entropy saturates to a value that
             coincides with the microcanonical entropy corresponding to
             the energy of the system. © 2012 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.85.011110},
   Key = {fds247283}
}

@article{fds247285,
   Author = {Yang, DL and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {J/Ψ production by magnetic excitation of
             ηc},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {015007},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1108.2525},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1108.2525},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/39/1/015007},
   Key = {fds247285}
}

@article{fds304597,
   Author = {Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Transverse energy density fluctuations in heavy-ion
             collisions in a gaussian model},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {11},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.85.114030},
   Abstract = {We calculate the transverse correlation of fluctuations of
             the deposited energy density in nuclear collisions in the
             framework of a Gaussian model similar to the color glass
             condensate model. © 2012 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.85.114030},
   Key = {fds304597}
}

@article{fds318458,
   Author = {Yang, D-L and Müller, B},
   Title = {J/ψ production by magnetic excitation of
             ηc},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2012},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/39/1/015007},
   Abstract = {We compute the probability of J/ production from the
             interaction between c and the strong magnetic field
             generated in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The
             computation is first carried out in the heavy quark
             effective model, in which the M1 radiative transition is
             considered. Then, we investigate the transition in the
             framework of non-relativistic heavy hadron chiral
             perturbation theory and show that the polarization of J/
             produced by this process is parallel to the direction of
             magnetic field and thus perpendicular to the reaction plane.
             The transition probability obtained in both approaches is of
             order 2 × 104. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/39/1/015007},
   Key = {fds318458}
}

@article{fds247293,
   Author = {Stave, S and Ahmed, MW and III, FRH and Henshaw, SS and Muellner, B and Perdue, BA and Prior, RM and Spraker, MC and Weller,
             HR},
   Title = {Understanding the B-11(p, alpha)alpha alpha reaction at the
             0.675 MeV resonance},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {696},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {26-29},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000286708900006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2010.12.015},
   Key = {fds247293}
}

@article{fds247241,
   Author = {Stave, S and Ahmed, MW and France, RH and Henshaw, SS and Müller, B and Perdue, BA and Prior, RM and Spraker, MC and Weller,
             HR},
   Title = {Understanding the B11(p,α)αα reaction at the
             0.675 MeV resonance},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {696},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {26-29},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.12.015},
   Abstract = {The B11(p,α)αα reaction at energies between 200 keV and a
             few MeV has a very long history, dating back to studies by
             Lord Rutherford and Dee and Gilbert in the 1930s. It is
             shown that the modern view of this reaction, established in
             1987, is incorrect. This model viewed the reaction as a
             two-step process with a primary high energy α-particle
             having ℓ=1 going to the first excited state of Be8, with
             the subsequent emission of two low energy secondary
             α-particles. We have found that an earlier result (1969)
             which showed that the primary α-particle must have ℓ=3
             does, as originally noted, account for the data. Our
             simulations show that this view leads to the prediction of
             two high energy α-particles (of almost equal energy), as
             originally proposed in 1936, one being the primary
             α-particle and the other a secondary α-particle.
             Coincidence data verify the existence of these two high
             energy α-particles. The implications of this result on
             astrophysics and fusion energy production are noted. © 2010
             Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2010.12.015},
   Key = {fds247241}
}

@article{fds247242,
   Author = {Qin, G-Y and Müller, B},
   Title = {Explanation of dijet asymmetry in Pb-pb collisions at the
             large hadron collider},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {106},
   Number = {16},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.162302},
   Abstract = {We investigate the medium modification of a partonic jet
             shower traversing in a hot quark-gluon plasma. We derive and
             solve a differential equation that governs the evolution of
             the radiated gluon distribution as the jet propagates
             through the medium. Energy contained inside the jet cone is
             lost by dissipation through elastic collisions with the
             medium and by scattering of shower partons to larger angles.
             We find that the jet energy loss at early times is dominated
             by medium effects on the vacuum radiation, and by
             medium-induced radiation effects at late times. We compare
             our numerical results for the nuclear modification of the
             dijet asymmetry with that recently reported by the ATLAS
             Collaboration. © 2011 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.162302},
   Key = {fds247242}
}

@article{fds247276,
   Author = {Armesto, N and Cole, B and Gale, C and Horowitz, WA and Jacobs, P and Jeon,
             S and van Leeuwen, M and Majumder, A and uuml, M and ller, B and Qin,
             GY},
   Title = {Comparison of jet quenching formalisms for a quark-gluon
             plasma "brick"},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {86},
   Pages = {064904},
   Year = {2011},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1106.1106},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.1106},
   Key = {fds247276}
}

@article{fds247284,
   Author = {Müller, B and SchÄfer, A},
   Title = {Entropy creation in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {2235-2267},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0218-3013},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1110.2378},
   Abstract = {We review current ideas on entropy production during the
             different stages of a relativistic nuclear collision. This
             includes recent results on decoherence entropy and the
             entropy produced during the hydrodynamic phase by viscous
             effects. We start by a discussion of decoherence caused by
             gluon bremsstrahlung in the very first interactions of
             gluons from the colliding nuclei. We then present a general
             framework, based on the Husimi distribution function, for
             the calculation of entropy growth in quantum field theories,
             which is applicable to the early ("glasma") phase of the
             collision during which most of the entropy is generated. The
             entropy calculated from the Husimi distribution exhibits
             linear growth when the quantum field contains unstable modes
             and the growth rate is asymptotically equal to the
             KolmogorovSinaï entropy. We outline how the approach can be
             used to investigate the problem of entropy production in a
             relativistic heavy ion reaction from first principles. We
             show that the same result can be obtained in the framework
             of a completely different approach called eigenstate
             thermalization hypothesis. Finally we discuss some recent
             results on entropy production in the strong coupling limit,
             as obtained from AdS/CFT duality. © 2011 World Scientific
             Publishing Company.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S0218301311020459},
   Key = {fds247284}
}

@article{fds247286,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {The limits of ordinary matter},
   Journal = {Science},
   Volume = {332},
   Number = {6037},
   Pages = {1513-1514},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0036-8075},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1207995},
   Abstract = {The temperature at which quarks escape the confines of
             protons and neutrons has been determined from high-energy
             particle collision data.},
   Doi = {10.1126/science.1207995},
   Key = {fds247286}
}

@article{fds247287,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Parton energy loss in strongly coupled AdS/CFT},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {855},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {74-82},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1010.4258},
   Abstract = {This is a brief review of the theory and phenomenology of
             parton energy loss in strongly coupled field theories with a
             gravity dual and its comparison with parton energy loss in
             QCD at weak coupling. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2011.02.022},
   Key = {fds247287}
}

@article{fds247288,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {Anomalous transport processes in turbulent non-Abelian
             plasmas},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {854},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {76-80},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1008.3496},
   Abstract = {Turbulent color fields, which can arise in the early and
             late stages of relativistic heavy ion collisions, may
             contribute significantly to the transport processes in the
             matter created in these collisions. We review the theory of
             these anomalous transport processes and discuss their
             possible phenomenology in the glasma and quasistationary
             expanding quark-gluon plasma. © 2010 Elsevier
             B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2010.07.013},
   Key = {fds247288}
}

@article{fds247289,
   Author = {Qin, GY and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Di-jet asymmetry in Pb+Pb collisions at the Large Hadron
             Collide},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {106},
   Pages = {162302},
   Year = {2011},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1012.5280},
   Abstract = {http://arXiv.org/abs/1012.5280},
   Key = {fds247289}
}

@article{fds247290,
   Author = {Balasubramanian, V and Bernamonti, A and Boer, JD and Copland, N and Craps, B and Keski-Vakkuri, E and Müller, B and Schäfer, A and Shigemori, M and Staessens, W},
   Title = {Thermalization of strongly coupled field
             theories},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {106},
   Number = {19},
   Pages = {191601},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1012.4753},
   Abstract = {Using the holographic mapping to a gravity dual, we
             calculate 2-point functions, Wilson loops, and entanglement
             entropy in strongly coupled field theories in d=2, 3, and 4
             to probe the scale dependence of thermalization following a
             sudden injection of energy. For homogeneous initial
             conditions, the entanglement entropy thermalizes slowest and
             sets a time scale for equilibration that saturates a
             causality bound. The growth rate of entanglement entropy
             density is nearly volume-independent for small volumes but
             slows for larger volumes. In this setting, the UV
             thermalizes first. © 2011 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.191601},
   Key = {fds247290}
}

@article{fds247291,
   Author = {Balasubramanian, V and Bernamonti, A and Boer, JD and Copland, N and Craps, B and Keski-Vakkuri, E and Müller, B and Schäfer, A and Shigemori, M and Staessens, W},
   Title = {Holographic thermalization},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {026010},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1103.2683},
   Abstract = {Using the AdS/CFT correspondence, we probe the scale
             dependence of thermalization in strongly coupled field
             theories following a sudden injection of energy via
             calculations of two-point functions, Wilson loops, and
             entanglement entropy in d=2, 3, 4. In the saddle-point
             approximation these probes are computed in AdS space in
             terms of invariant geometric objects-geodesics, minimal
             surfaces, and minimal volumes. Our calculations for
             two-dimensional field theories are analytical. In our
             strongly coupled setting, all probes in all dimensions share
             certain universal features in their thermalization: (1) a
             slight delay in the onset of thermalization, (2) an apparent
             nonanalyticity at the endpoint of thermalization, (3)
             top-down thermalization where the UV thermalizes first. For
             homogeneous initial conditions the entanglement entropy
             thermalizes slowest and sets a timescale for equilibration
             that saturates a causality bound over the range of scales
             studied. The growth rate of entanglement entropy density is
             nearly volume-independent for small volumes, but slows for
             larger volumes. © 2011 American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.84.026010},
   Key = {fds247291}
}

@article{fds247292,
   Author = {Qin, G-Y and Petersen, H and Bass, SA and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Translation of collision geometry fluctuations into momentum
             anisotropies in relativistic heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {064903},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1009.1847},
   Abstract = {We develop a systematic framework for the study of the
             initial collision geometry fluctuations in relativistic
             heavy-ion collisions and investigate how they evolve through
             different stages of the fireball history and translate into
             final-particle momentum anisotropies. We find in our
             event-by-event analysis that only the few lowest momentum
             anisotropy parameters survive after the hydrodynamical
             evolution of the system. The geometry of the produced medium
             is found to be affected by the pre-equilibrium evolution of
             the medium and the thermal smearing of the discretized
             event-by-event initial conditions, both of which tend to
             smear out the spatial anisotropies. We find such effects to
             be more prominent for higher moments than for lower moments.
             The correlations between odd and even spatial anisotropy
             parameters during the pre-equilibrium expansion are
             quantitatively studied and found to be small. Our study
             provides a theoretical foundation for the understanding of
             initial-state fluctuations and the collective expansion
             dynamics in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. © 2010 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.82.064903},
   Key = {fds247292}
}

@article{fds247294,
   Author = {Petersen, H and Qin, G-Y and Bass, SA and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Triangular flow in event-by-event ideal hydrodynamics in
             Au+Au collisions at √SNN = 200A GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {041901},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4268 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {The first calculation of triangular flow ν3 in Au+Au
             collisions at √sNN = 200A GeV from an event-by-event (3 +
             1) d transport+hydrodynamics hybrid approach is presented.
             As a response to the initial triangularity Ie{cyrillic,
             ukrainian}3 of the collision zone, ν3 is computed in a
             similar way to the standard event-plane analysis for
             elliptic flow ν2. It is found that the triangular flow
             exhibits weak centrality dependence and is roughly equal to
             elliptic flow in most central collisions. We also explore
             the transverse momentum and rapidity dependence of ν2 and
             ν3 for charged particles as well as identified particles.
             We conclude that an event-by-event treatment of the ideal
             hydrodynamic evolution startingwith realistic initial
             conditions generates the main features expected for
             triangular flow. © 2010 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.82.041901},
   Key = {fds247294}
}

@article{fds247295,
   Author = {Kunihiro, T and Müller, B and Ohnishi, A and Schäfer, A and Takahashi,
             TT and Yamamoto, A},
   Title = {Chaotic behavior in classical Yang-Mills
             dynamics},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {114015},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1008.1156},
   Abstract = {Understanding the underlying mechanisms causing rapid
             thermalization deduced for high-energy heavy ion collisions
             is still a challenge. To estimate the thermalization time,
             entropy growth for classical Yang-Mills theories is studied,
             based on the determination of Lyapunov exponents. Distinct
             regimes for short, medium and long sampling times are
             characterized by different properties of their spectrum of
             Lyapunov exponents. Clarifying the existence of these
             regimes and their implications for gauge-field dynamics is
             one of the results of this article. As a phenomenological
             application we conclude that for pure gauge theories with
             random initial conditions thermalization occurs within a few
             fm/c, an estimate which can be reduced by the inclusion of
             fermions, specific initial conditions, etc. © 2010 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.82.114015},
   Key = {fds247295}
}

@article{fds247296,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Müller, B},
   Title = {Hadron mass spectrum from lattice QCD},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {105},
   Number = {25},
   Pages = {252002},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1008.1747},
   Abstract = {Finite temperature lattice simulations of quantum
             chromodynamics (QCD) are sensitive to the hadronic mass
             spectrum for temperatures below the "critical" temperature
             Tc≈160MeV. We show that a recent precision determination
             of the QCD trace anomaly shows evidence for the existence of
             a large number of hadron states beyond those known from
             experiment. The lattice results are well represented by an
             exponentially growing mass spectrum up to a temperature
             T=155MeV. Using simple parametrizations of the hadron mass
             spectrum we show how one may estimate the total spectral
             weight in these yet undermined states. © 2010 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.252002},
   Key = {fds247296}
}

@article{fds247297,
   Author = {Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Charge fluctuations from the chiral magnetic effect in
             nuclear collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {057902},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1009.1053},
   Abstract = {We derive a nonlocal effective Lagrangian for the chiral
             magnetic effect. An electric field is generated by winding
             number fluctuations of the nonabelian gauge field in the
             presence of a strong magnetic field. We estimate the
             magnitude of charge asymmetry fluctuations with respect to
             the reaction plane induced by the chiral magnetic effect in
             relativistic heavy-ion collisions to be less than 10⊃-6,
             several orders of magnitude smaller than the signal observed
             in the STAR experiment. © 2010 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.82.057902},
   Key = {fds247297}
}

@article{fds247298,
   Author = {Shin, GR and Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {Transport theoretical description of collisional energy loss
             in infinite quark-gluon matter},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {105112},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/1006.1668},
   Abstract = {We study the time evolution of a high-momentum gluon or
             quark propagating through an infinite, thermalized, partonic
             medium utilizing a Boltzmann equation approach. We calculate
             the collisional energy loss of the parton, study its
             temperature and flavor dependence as well as the momentum
             broadening incurred through multiple interactions. Our
             transport calculations agree well with analytic calculations
             of collisional energy loss where available, but offer the
             unique opportunity to address the medium response as well in
             a consistent fashion. © 2010 IOP Publishing
             Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/37/10/105112},
   Key = {fds247298}
}

@article{fds247299,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Majumder, A and Müller, B},
   Title = {Electric charge separation in strong transient magnetic
             fields},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {81},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {064912},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4262 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {We discuss various mechanisms for the creation of an
             asymmetric charge fluctuation with respect to the reaction
             plane among hadrons emitted in relativistic heavy-ion
             collisions. We show that such mechanisms exist in both the
             hadronic gas and the partonic phases of quantum
             chromodynamics. The mechanisms considered here all require
             the presence of a strong magnetic field (the "chiral
             magnetic effect"), but they do not involve parity or
             charge-parity violations. We analyze how a transient local
             electric current fluctuation generated by the chiral
             magnetic effect can dynamically evolve into an asymmetric
             charge distribution among final-state hadrons in momentum
             space. We estimate the magnitude of the event-by-event
             fluctuations of the final-state charge asymmetry owing to
             partonic and hadronic mechanisms. © 2010 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.81.064912},
   Key = {fds247299}
}

@article{fds247300,
   Author = {Mrówczyński, S and Müller, B},
   Title = {Quasilinear transport approach to equilibration of
             quark-gluon plasmas},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {81},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {065021},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4273 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {We derive the transport equations of quark-gluon plasma in
             the quasilinear approximation. The equations are either of
             the Balescu-Lenard or Fokker-Planck form. The plasma's
             dynamics is assumed to be governed by longitudinal
             chromoelectric fields. The isotropic plasma, which is
             stable, and the two-stream system, which is unstable, are
             considered in detail. A process of equilibration is briefly
             discussed in both cases. The peaks of the two-stream
             distribution are shown to rapidly dissolve in time. © 2010
             The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.81.065021},
   Key = {fds247300}
}

@article{fds247180,
   Author = {Greiner, W and Müller, B},
   Title = {Gauge theory of weak interactions},
   Journal = {Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions},
   Pages = {1-404},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-87843-8},
   Abstract = {"Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions" treats the unification
             of electromagnetic and weak interactions and considers
             related phenomena. First, the Fermi theory of beta decay is
             presented, followed by a discussion of parity violation,
             clarifying the importance of symmetries. Then the concept of
             a spontaneously broken gauge theory is introduced, and all
             necessary mathematical tools are carefully developed. The
             "standard model" of unified electroweak interactions is
             thoroughly discussed including current developments. The
             final chapter contains an introduction to unified theories
             of strong and electroweak interactions. Numerous solved
             examples and problems make this volume uniquely suited as a
             text for an advanced course. This fourth edition has been
             carefully revised. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009
             All rights are reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-87843-8},
   Key = {fds247180}
}

@article{fds324421,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Mueller, B and Nonaka,
             C},
   Title = {Hydrodynamic Expansion with the QCD Critical Point(Thermal
             Quantum Field Theories and Their Applications)},
   Volume = {116},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {F36-F38},
   Publisher = {Soryushiron Kenkyu},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {February},
   Abstract = {The presence of a critical point in the QCD phase diagram
             can deform the trajectories describing the evolution of the
             expanding fireball in the μ_B-T phase diagram. If the
             average emission time of hadrons is a function of transverse
             velocity, as microscopic simulations of the hadronic
             freezeout dynamics suggest, the deformation of the
             hydrodynamic trajectories will change the transverse
             velocity (β_T) dependence of the proton-antiproton ratio
             when the fireball passes in the vicinity of the critical
             point. An unusual β_T-dependence of the p^^-/p ratio in a
             narrow beam energy window would thus signal the presence of
             the critical point.},
   Key = {fds324421}
}

@article{fds247239,
   Author = {Tsai, H-M and Müller, B},
   Title = {Aspects of thermal strange quark production: the
             deconfinement and chiral phase transitions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {830},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {551c-554c},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.09.045},
   Abstract = {We study the gluonic sector of the three-flavor PNJL model
             by obtaining the adjoint Polyakov loop and the gluon
             distribution function in the mean-field approximation.
             Besides, we explore the thermal strange quark
             pair-production processes, q over(q, -) → s over(s, -) and
             g g → s over(s, -), with the aid of the three-flavor PNJL
             model. The results help us identify the temperature where
             the gluonic contribution to the production rate becomes
             dominant, which is an innovative phenomenon compared with
             the result obtained in free perturbation theory. © 2009
             Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.09.045},
   Key = {fds247239}
}

@article{fds247240,
   Author = {Neufeld, RB and Müller, B},
   Title = {The sound generated by a fast parton in the quark-gluon
             plasma is a crescendo},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {830},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {789c-792c},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.072},
   Abstract = {The total energy deposited into the medium per unit length
             by a fast parton traversing a quarkgluon plasma is
             calculated. We take the medium excitation due to collisions
             to be given by the well known expression for the collisional
             drag force. The parton's radiative energy loss contributes
             to the energy deposition because each radiated gluon acts as
             an additional source of collisional energy loss in the
             medium. In our model, this leads to a length dependence on
             the differential energy loss due to the interactions of
             radiated gluons with the medium. The final result, which is
             a sum of the primary and the secondary contributions, is
             then treated as the coefficient of a local hydrodynamic
             source term. Results are presented for energy density wave
             induced by two fast, back-to-back partons created in an
             initial hard interaction. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.072},
   Key = {fds247240}
}

@article{fds247258,
   Author = {Lee, KS and Bass, S and Müller, B and Nonaka, C},
   Title = {Hadronization via recombination},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {6},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/36/6/064034},
   Abstract = {The recombination model as a model for hadronization from a
             quark-gluon plasma has been recently revived since it has
             advantages in explaining several important features of the
             final state produced in heavy-ion collisions at the RHIC,
             such as the constituent quark number scaling of the elliptic
             coefficient versus the transverse energy of identified
             hadrons, the bending shape of the pT spectrum of hadrons
             near 5 GeV/c, and the measured large value of
             baryon-to-meson ratio (of the order of unity) in the same pT
             range. We have developed a dynamic simulation model of
             heavy-ion collisions in which a quark-gluon plasma, starting
             from a certain initial condition, evolves hydrodynamically
             until it reaches the phase boundary, and then hadronizes by
             valence quark recombination. Rescattering after
             hadronization is described by UrQMD. We discuss some details
             of the model and report first, preliminary results. © 2009
             IOP Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/36/6/064034},
   Key = {fds247258}
}

@article{fds247259,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Signals of the QCD Critical Point in Hydrodynamic
             Evolutions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {830},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {291c-294c},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.025},
   Abstract = {The presence of a critical point in the QCD phase diagram
             can deform the trajectories describing the evolution of the
             expanding fireball in the μB - T phase diagram. The
             deformation of the hydrodynamic trajectories will change the
             transverse velocity (βT) dependence of the
             proton-antiproton ratio when the fireball passes in the
             vicinity of the critical point. An unusual βT dependence of
             the over(p, -) / p ratio in a narrow beam energy window
             would thus signal the presence of the critical point. ©
             2009.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.025},
   Key = {fds247259}
}

@article{fds247301,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Viewpoint: Looking for parity violation in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physics},
   Volume = {2},
   Pages = {104},
   Year = {2009},
   url = {http://physics.aps.org/articles/v2/104},
   Key = {fds247301}
}

@article{fds247302,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Müller, B and Mrówczyński, S},
   Title = {Momentum broadening of a fast parton in a perturbative
             quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {80},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {125020},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {1550-7998},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4270 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {The average transverse momentum transfer per unit path
             length to a fast parton scattering elastically in a
             perturbative quark-gluon plasma is related to the radiative
             energy loss of the parton. We first calculate the momentum
             transfer coefficient q^ in terms of a classical Langevin
             problem and then define it quantum mechanically through a
             scattering matrix element. After treating the well-known
             case of a quark-gluon plasma in equilibrium, we consider an
             off-equilibrium unstable plasma. As a specific example, we
             treat the two-stream plasma with unstable modes of
             longitudinal chromoelectric field. In the presence of the
             instabilities, q^ is shown to exponentially grow in time. ©
             2009 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.80.125020},
   Key = {fds247302}
}

@article{fds247303,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Kunihiro, T and Müller, B and Ohnishi, A and Schäfer,
             A},
   Title = {From 0 to 5000 in 2 × 10-24 seconds: Entropy
             production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {830},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {519c-522c},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.09.041},
   Abstract = {We review what is known about the contributions to the final
             entropy from the different stages of a relativistic nuclear
             collision, including recent results on the decoherence
             entropy and the entropy produced during the hydrodynamic
             phase by viscous effects. We then present a general
             framework, based on the Husimi distribution function, for
             the calculation of entropy growth in quantum field theories,
             which is applicable to the earliest ("glasma") phase of the
             collision during which most of the entropy is generated. The
             entropy calculated from the Husimi distribution exhibits
             linear growth when the quantum field contains unstable modes
             and is asymptotically equal to the Kolmogorov-Sinaï (KS)
             entropy. We outline how the approach can be used to
             investigate the problem of entropy production in a
             relativistic heavy-ion reaction from first principles. ©
             2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.09.041},
   Key = {fds247303}
}

@article{fds247304,
   Author = {Neufeld, RB and Müller, B},
   Title = {Sound Produced by a Fast Parton in the Quark-Gluon Plasma is
             a "crescendo"},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {103},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {042301},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/0902.2950},
   Abstract = {We calculate the total energy deposited into the medium per
             unit length by fast partons traversing a quark-gluon plasma.
             The medium excitation due to collisions is taken to be given
             by the well-known expression for the collisional drag force.
             The radiative energy loss of the parton contributes to the
             energy deposition because each radiated gluon acts as an
             additional source of collisional energy loss in the medium.
             We derive a differential equation which governs how the
             spectrum of radiated gluons is modified when this energy
             loss is taken into account. This modified spectrum is then
             used to calculate the additional energy deposition due to
             the interactions of radiated gluons with the medium.
             Numerical results are presented for the medium response for
             the case of two energetic back-to-back partons created in a
             hard interaction. © 2009 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.042301},
   Key = {fds247304}
}

@article{fds247306,
   Author = {Tsai, H-M and Müller, B},
   Title = {Phenomenology of the three-flavor PNJL model and thermal
             strange quark production},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {075101},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/0811.2216},
   Abstract = {We study the temperature dependence of the adjoint Polyakov
             loop and its implication for the momentum spectrum of gluons
             in the mean-field approximation. This allows us to calculate
             the contribution of the thermal (transverse) gluons to the
             thermodynamic pressure. As an application, we evaluate the
             rates for the strange quark pair-production processes and as
             functions of temperature including thermal effects on quark
             deconfinement and chiral symmetry breaking. © 2009 IOP
             Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/36/7/075101},
   Key = {fds247306}
}

@article{fds247307,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Decoherence and entropy production in relativistic nuclear
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {79},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {034904},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.79.034904},
   Abstract = {Short thermalization times of less than 1 fm/c for quark and
             gluon matter have been suggested by recent experiments at
             the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. It has been difficult
             to justify this rapid thermalization in first-principle
             calculations based on perturbation theory or the color glass
             condensate picture. Here, we address the related question of
             the decoherence of the gluon field, which is a necessary
             component of thermalization. We present a simplified
             leading-order computation of the decoherence time of a gluon
             ensemble subject to an incoming flux of Weizsäcker-Williams
             gluons. We also discuss the entropy produced during the
             decoherence process and its relation to the entropy in the
             final state that has been measured experimentally. © 2009
             The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.79.034904},
   Key = {fds247307}
}

@article{fds247308,
   Author = {Kunihiro, T and Müller, B and Ohnishi, A and Schäfer,
             A},
   Title = {Towards a theory of entropy production in the little and big
             bang},
   Journal = {Progress of Theoretical Physics},
   Volume = {121},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {555-575},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0033-068X},
   url = {http://ptp.ipap.jp/link?PTP/121/555},
   Abstract = {We propose a broadly applicable formalism for the
             description of coarse grained entropy production in quantum
             mechanical processes. Our formalism is based on the Husimi
             transform of the quantum state, which encodes the notion
             that information about any quantum state is limited by the
             experimental resolution. We show in two analytically
             tractable cases (the decay of an unstable vacuum state and
             reheating after cosmic inflation) that the growth rate of
             the Wehrl entropy associated with the Husimi function
             approaches the classical Kolmogorov-Sinai' entropy. We also
             discuss various possible applications of our formalism,
             including the production of entropy in the early stages of a
             relativistic heavy ion collision.},
   Doi = {10.1143/PTP.121.555},
   Key = {fds247308}
}

@article{fds247309,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {The "perfect" fluid quenches jets almost
             perfectly},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {551-555},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2008.12.028},
   Abstract = {The QCD matter produced in nuclear collisions at the
             Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has been found to
             have a very low shear viscosity, which is close to the lower
             bound allowed by unitarity. The matter has also been found
             to strongly suppress the emission of energetic hadrons. This
             phenomenon, called "jet quenching" is interpreted to be the
             result of a large energy loss by the precursor parton on its
             path through the dense matter, primarily due to gluon
             radiation. I discuss how the two phenomena are related. The
             RHIC data suggest, in some scenarios of jet quenching, that
             the quark-gluon plasma created in nuclear collisions is
             characterized by strong coupling, but still admits a
             quasi-particle description. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.ppnp.2008.12.028},
   Key = {fds247309}
}

@article{fds287694,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {The flavours of the quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {6},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/36/6/064001},
   Abstract = {Quarks of other flavours than up and down, i.e. s, c and b
             quarks, have been long recognized as effective probes of the
             structure of hot QCD matter. In this paper, I review some of
             the motivations for their investigation and discuss the
             salient results obtained so far, with a focus on the results
             from the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). Some ideas
             for future studies are also mentioned. © 2009 IOP
             Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/36/6/064001},
   Key = {fds287694}
}

@article{fds182766,
   Author = {Kitazawa, M. and Asakawa, M. and Müller, B. and Nonaka,
             C.},
   Title = {Measurement of shear viscosity in lattice gauge theory
             without Kubo formula},
   Journal = {PoS LATTICE2008},
   Pages = {183},
   Year = {2008},
   url = {http://pos.sissa.it//archive/conferences/066/183/LATTICE},
   Key = {fds182766}
}

@article{Majumder:2007ne,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Fries, RJ and Müller, B},
   Title = {Photon bremsstrahlung and diffusive broadening of a hard
             jet},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {77},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {065209},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/arXiv:0711.2475 [nucl-th]},
   Abstract = {The photon bremsstrahlung rate from a quark jet produced in
             deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus is
             studied in the collinear limit. The leading medium-enhanced
             higher twist corrections that describe the multiple
             scattering of the jet in the nucleus are re-summed to all
             orders of twist. The propagation of the jet in the absence
             of further radiative energy loss is shown to be governed by
             a transverse momentum diffusion equation. We compute the
             final photon spectrum in the limit of soft photons, taking
             into account the leading and next-to-leading terms in the
             photon momentum fraction y. In this limit, the photon
             spectrum in a physical gauge is shown to arise from two
             interfering sources: one where the initial hard scattering
             produces an off-shell quark, which immediately radiates the
             photon and then undergoes subsequent soft rescattering, and
             an alternative in which the quark is produced on-shell and
             propagates through the medium until it is driven off-shell
             by rescattering and radiates the photon. Our result has a
             simple formal structure as a product of the photon splitting
             function, the quark transverse momentum distribution coming
             from a diffusion equation, and a dimensionless factor that
             encodes the effect of the interferences encountered by the
             propagating quark over the length of the medium. The
             destructive nature of such interferences in the small-y
             limit is responsible for the origin of the
             Landau-Pomeranchuck-Migdal (LPM) effect. Along the way we
             also discuss possible implications for quark jets in hot
             nuclear matter. © 2008 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.77.065209},
   Key = {Majumder:2007ne}
}

@article{Majumder:2007hx,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Müller, B},
   Title = {Higher twist jet broadening and classical
             propagation},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {77},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {054903},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/arXiv:0705.1147 [nucl-th]},
   Abstract = {The transverse broadening of jets produced in deep-inelastic
             scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus is studied in the
             collinear limit. A class of medium enhanced higher twist
             corrections are resummed to calculate the transverse
             momentum distribution of the produced collinear jet. In
             contrast to previous approaches, resummation of the leading
             length enhanced higher twist corrections is shown to lead to
             a two-dimensional diffusion equation for the transverse
             momentum of the propagating jet. Results for the average
             transverse momentum obtained from this approach are then
             compared to the broadening expected from a classical
             Langevin analysis for the propagation of the jet under the
             action of the fluctuating color Lorentz force inside the
             nucleons. The set of approximations that lead to identical
             results from the two approaches are outlined. The
             relationship between the momentum diffusion constant D and
             the transport coefficient q^ is explicitly derived. © 2008
             The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.77.054903},
   Key = {Majumder:2007hx}
}

@article{fds247236,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Theoretical challenges posed by the data from
             RHIC},
   Journal = {Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement},
   Number = {174},
   Pages = {103-121},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0375-9687},
   Abstract = {In this lecture, I discuss how the RHIC data are challenging
             our theoretical understanding of QCD matter. Important
             components of this challenge include how equilibrated QCD
             matter is formed, whether its statistical and dynamical
             properties permit a quasi-particle description, and what its
             transport properties are.},
   Key = {fds247236}
}

@article{fds247237,
   Author = {Müller, B and Neufeld, RB},
   Title = {The sound of a fast parton in QCD},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {10},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/35/10/104108},
   Abstract = {The spacetime distribution of energy and momentum deposited
             by a fast parton traversing a weakly coupled quark-gluon
             plasma is calculated by treating the fast parton as the
             source of an external color field perturbing the medium.
             When the result is used as a source term in the linearized
             hydrodynamical equations of the medium, the solution is
             found to contain a sonic Mach cone and a dissipative wake if
             the parton moves at supersonic speed. © 2008 IOP Publishing
             Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/35/10/104108},
   Key = {fds247237}
}

@article{fds247310,
   Author = {Neufeld, RB and Müller, B and Ruppert, J},
   Title = {Sonic Mach cones induced by fast partons in a perturbative
             quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {041901},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/0802.2254},
   Abstract = {We derive the space-time distribution of energy and momentum
             deposited by a fast parton traversing a weakly coupled
             quark-gluon plasma by treating the fast parton as the source
             of an external color field perturbing the medium. We then
             use our result as a source term for the linearized
             hydrodynamical equations of the medium. We show that the
             solution contains a sonic Mach cone and a dissipative wake
             if the parton moves at a supersonic speed. © 2008 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.78.041901},
   Key = {fds247310}
}

@article{fds247311,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Müller, B and Nonaka,
             C},
   Title = {Transverse velocity dependence of the proton-antiproton
             ratio as a signature of the QCD critical
             point},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {122302},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/0803.2449},
   Abstract = {The presence of a critical point in the QCD phase diagram
             can deform the trajectories describing the evolution of the
             expanding fireball in the μB-T phase diagram. If the
             average emission time of hadrons is a function of transverse
             velocity, as microscopic simulations of the hadronic
             freeze-out dynamics suggest, the deformation of the
             hydrodynamic trajectories will change the transverse
             velocity (βT) dependence of the proton-antiproton ratio
             when the fireball passes in the vicinity of the critical
             point. An unusual βT dependence of the p̄/p ratio in a
             narrow beam energy window would thus signal the presence of
             the critical point. © 2008 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.122302},
   Key = {fds247311}
}

@article{fds247312,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Stress tensor and bulk viscosity in relativistic nuclear
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {034913},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/0807.4333v2},
   Abstract = {We discuss the influence of different initial conditions for
             the stress tensor and the effect of bulk viscosity on the
             expansion and cooling of the fireball created in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions. In particular, we explore
             the evolution of longitudinal and transverse components of
             the pressure and the extent of dissipative entropy
             production in the one-dimensional, boost-invariant
             hydrodynamic model. We find that a bulk viscosity consistent
             with recent estimates from lattice QCD further slows the
             equilibration of the system; however, it does not
             significantly increase the entropy produced. © 2008 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.78.034913},
   Key = {fds247312}
}

@article{fds247317,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Müller, B and Bass, SA},
   Title = {Longitudinal broadening of quenched jets in turbulent color
             fields.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {99},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {042301},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17678353},
   Abstract = {The nearside distribution of particles at intermediate
             transverse momentum, associated with a high momentum trigger
             hadron produced in a high energy heavy-ion collision, is
             broadened in rapidity compared with the jet cone. This
             broadened distribution is thought to contain the energy lost
             by the progenitor parton of the trigger hadron. We show that
             the broadening can be explained as the final-state
             deflection of the gluons radiated from the hard parton
             inside the medium by soft, transversely oriented, turbulent
             color fields that arise in the presence of plasma
             instabilities. The magnitude of the effect is found to grow
             with medium size and density and diminish with increasing
             energy of the associated hadron.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.042301},
   Key = {fds247317}
}

@article{Muller:2007rs,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {From quark-gluon plasma to the perfect liquid},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Polonica, Series B.},
   Volume = {38},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {3705-3729},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0587-4254},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/arXiv:0710.3366 [nucl-th]},
   Abstract = {After reviewing some basic concepts of the theory of
             strongly interacting matter above nuclear energy density and
             reviewing some salient results of the experimental program
             at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), these
             lectures explain why the quark-gluon plasma observed in the
             RHIC experiments has been called a "perfect liquid" They
             then give an introduction to some recent ideas concerning
             the possible origin of the nearly inviscid nature of the
             quark-gluon plasma and discuss the connection between low
             viscosity and strong parton energy loss of hot QCD
             matter.},
   Key = {Muller:2007rs}
}

@article{Majumder:2007zh,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Müller, B and Wang, X-N},
   Title = {Small shear viscosity of a quark-gluon plasma implies strong
             jet quenching},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {99},
   Number = {19},
   Pages = {192301},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0703082},
   Abstract = {We derive an expression relating the transport parameter q
             and the shear viscosity η of a weakly coupled quark-gluon
             plasma. A deviation from this relation can be regarded as a
             quantitative measure of "strong coupling" of the medium. The
             ratio T3/q, where T is the temperature, is a more broadly
             valid measure of the coupling strength of the medium than
             η/s, where s denotes the entropy density. Different
             estimates of q derived from existing Relativistic Heavy Ion
             Collider data are shown to imply radically different
             structures of the produced matter. © 2007 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.192301},
   Key = {Majumder:2007zh}
}

@article{fds247235,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Hard Probes at LHC},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {783},
   Number = {1-4 SPEC. ISS.},
   Pages = {403-416},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.11.091},
   Abstract = {This talk gives a theoretical perspective of the physics
             issues awaiting us when heavy ions will collide in the LHC.
             © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.11.091},
   Key = {fds247235}
}

@article{fds247232,
   Author = {Ruppert, J and Renk, T and Müller, B},
   Title = {Mass and width of the ρ-meson in a nuclear medium from
             Brown-Rho scaling and QCD sum rules},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {73},
   Number = {3},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.73.034907},
   Abstract = {We explore the range of values of the in-medium width of a
             ρ-meson at rest which is compatibale with the QCD sum rule
             approach in a nuclear medium assuming vector meson dominance
             and a Brown-Rho scaling law of the ρ-meson mass with the
             chiral condensate. The lower and upper bounds for the
             in-medium width are found to be strongly increasing with the
             decreasing mass of the ρ-meson (increasing nuclear
             density). We also study the bounds for the in-medium width
             in models not satisfying the Brown-Rho scaling law. It is
             shown that the in-medium width depends on how rapidly the
             mass decreases in comparison to the change of the quark
             condensate. The bounds for the in-medium width increase with
             density only if the relative change of the quark condensate
             is stronger than the relative decrease in mass. This is
             important for experimental tests of the Brown-Rho scaling
             paradigm and other dropping ρ-mass scenarios. © 2006 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.73.034907},
   Key = {fds247232}
}

@article{fds247256,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Fries, RJ and Müller, B},
   Title = {Correlations in the Parton Recombination
             Model},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {774},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {635-638},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.06.103},
   Abstract = {We describe how parton recombination can address the recent
             measurement of dynamical jet-like two particle correlations.
             In addition we discuss the possible effect realistic
             light-cone wave-functions including higher Fock-states may
             have on the well-known elliptic flow valence-quark number
             scaling law. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.06.103},
   Key = {fds247256}
}

@article{fds247305,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {The flavours of the quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {064001},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/0812.4638},
   Abstract = {Flavour probes depend on the transport properties of the
             quark-gluon plasma. An expanding quark-gluon plasma has an
             anomalous viscosity, which arises from interactions with
             dynamically generated colour fields. The anomalous viscosity
             dominates over the collisional viscosity for weak coupling
             and at not too late times. In addition to possibly providing
             an explanation for the apparent nearly 'perfect' liquidity
             of the matter produced in nuclear collisions at RHIC,
             similar anomalous effects can affect the rate of flavour
             equilibration and the diffusion constant of heavy quarks. ©
             2006 IOP Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/32/12/S50},
   Key = {fds247305}
}

@article{fds247318,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {Anomalous transport processes in anisotropically expanding
             quark-gluon plasmas},
   Journal = {Progress of Theoretical Physics},
   Volume = {116},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {725-755},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0033-068X},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0608270},
   Abstract = {We derive an expression for the anomalous viscosity in an
             anisotropically expanding quark-gluon-plasma, which arises
             from interactions of thermal partons with dynamically
             generated color fields. The anomalous viscosity dominates
             over the collisional viscosity for large velocity gradients
             or weak coupling. This effect may provide an explanation for
             the apparent "nearly perfect" liquidity of the matter
             produced in nuclear collisions at RHIC without the
             assumption that it is a strongly coupled
             state.},
   Doi = {10.1143/PTP.116.725},
   Key = {fds247318}
}

@article{fds247319,
   Author = {Kanada-En'yo, Y and Müller, B},
   Title = {Suppression of p-wave baryons in quark recombination},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {061901},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0608015},
   Abstract = {We show that the observed suppression of the Λ(1520)/Λ
             ratio in central Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic
             Heavy Ion Collider can be naturally understood in the
             constituent quark recombination model. © 2006 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.74.061901},
   Key = {fds247319}
}

@article{fds247320,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Quark Matter 2005 - Theoretical Summary},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {774},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {433-453},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0508062.pdf},
   Abstract = {This is a review of the latest developments in the theory of
             superdense nuclear matter, formed in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions or in the core of collapsed stars, as they were
             reported and discussed at the Quark Matter 2005 conference
             in Budapest (Hungary). © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.06.063},
   Key = {fds247320}
}

@article{fds247321,
   Author = {Majumder, A and Müller, B},
   Title = {Baryonic strangeness and related susceptibilities in
             QCD},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {054901},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0605079},
   Abstract = {The ratios of off-diagonal to diagonal conserved charge
             susceptibilities, e.g., χBS/χS,χQS/χS, related to the
             quark flavor susceptibilities, have proven to be discerning
             probes of the flavor carrying degrees of freedom in hot
             strongly interacting matter. Various constraining relations
             between the different susceptibilities are derived based on
             the Gell-Mann-Nishijima formula and the assumption of
             isospin symmetry. Using generic models of deconfined matter
             and results from lattice quantum chromodynamics, it is
             demonstrated that the flavor-carrying degrees of freedom at
             a temperature above 1.5Tc are quarklike quasiparticles. A
             new observable related by isospin symmetry to CBS=-3χBS/χS
             and equal to it in the baryon free regime is identified.
             This new observable, which is blind to neutral and
             nonstrange particles, carries the potential of being
             measured in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. © 2006 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.74.054901},
   Key = {fds247321}
}

@article{fds247324,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {The partition function in the Wigner-Kirkwood
             expansion},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {18},
   Pages = {L285-L292},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0305-4470},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/0602041.pdf},
   Abstract = {We study the semiclassical Wigner-Kirkwood (WK) expansion of
             the partition function Z(t) for arbitrary even homogeneous
             potentials, starting from the Bloch equation. As is well
             known, the phase-space kernel of Z satisfies the so-called
             Uhlenbeck-Beth equation, which depends on the gradients of
             the potential. We perform a chain of transformations to
             obtain novel forms of this equation that invite analogies
             with various physical phenomena and formalisms, such as
             diffusion processes, the Fokker-Planck equation and
             supersymmetric quantum mechanics. © 2006 IOP Publishing
             Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/39/18/L05},
   Key = {fds247324}
}

@article{fds247325,
   Author = {Müller, B and Nagle, JL},
   Title = {REsults from the relativistic heavy ion collider},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science},
   Volume = {56},
   Pages = {93-135},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0163-8998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0602029.pdf},
   Abstract = {This review describes the current status of the heavy ion
             research program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
             (RHIC). The new suite of experiments and the collider
             energies have opened up new probes of the medium created in
             the collisions. Our review focuses on the experimental
             discoveries to date at RHIC and their interpretation in
             light of the field's present theoretical understanding of
             the dynamics of relativistic heavy ion collisions and of the
             structure of strongly interacting matter at high energy
             density. Copyright © 2006 by Annual Reviews. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1146/annurev.nucl.56.080805.140556},
   Key = {fds247325}
}

@article{fds247326,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {Anomalous viscosity of an expanding quark-gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {96},
   Number = {25},
   Pages = {S839-S842},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0603092.pdf},
   Abstract = {We argue that an expanding quark-gluon plasma has an
             anomalous viscosity, which arises from interactions with
             dynamically generated color fields. We derive an expression
             for the anomalous viscosity in the turbulent plasma domain
             and apply it to the hydrodynamic expansion phase, when the
             quark-gluon plasma is near equilibrium. The anomalous
             viscosity dominates over the collisional viscosity for weak
             coupling and not too late times. This effect may provide an
             explanation for the apparent “nearly perfectâ€
             liquidity of the matter produced in nuclear collisions at
             the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider without the assumption
             that it is a strongly coupled state. © 2006 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.252301},
   Key = {fds247326}
}

@article{fds247327,
   Author = {Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Decoherence time in high energy heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {73},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {054905},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0512100.pdf},
   Abstract = {We calculate the decoherence time of the ground state wave
             function of a nucleus in a high energy heavy ion collision.
             We define this time as the decay time of the ratio
             TrD2/TrD)2 of traces of the density matrix D. We find that
             this time is smaller or equal to 1/Qs, where the saturation
             scale Qs is defined within the color glass condensate model
             of parton saturation. Our result supports the notion that
             the extremely rapid entropy production deduced for the early
             stage of heavy ion collisions at collider energies is to a
             large extent caused by the decoherence of the initial-state
             wave functions. © 2006 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.73.054905},
   Key = {fds247327}
}

@article{fds247328,
   Author = {Ruppert, J and Renk, T and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Mass and width of the rho meson in a nuclear medium from
             Brown-Rho scaling},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {73},
   Pages = {034907},
   Year = {2006},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0509134.pdf},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0509134},
   Key = {fds247328}
}

@article{fds304595,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Adventures of the coupled Yang-Mills oscillators: II.
             YM-Higgs quantum mechanics},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {61-72},
   Year = {2006},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/1/005},
   Abstract = {We continue our study of the quantum mechanical motion in
             the x 2y2 potentials for n ≤ 2, 3, which arise in the
             spatially homogeneous limit of the Yang-Mills (YM)
             equations. In the present paper, we develop a new approach
             to the calculation of the partition function Z(t) beyond the
             Thomas-Fermi (TF) approximation by adding a harmonic (Higgs)
             potential and taking the limit v → 0, where v is the
             vacuum expectation value of the Higgs field. Using the
             Wigner-Kirkwood method to calculate higher-order corrections
             in ℏ, we show that the limit v → 0 leads to power-like
             singularities of the type v-n, which reflect the possibility
             of escape of the particle along the channels in the
             classical limit. We show how these singularities can be
             eliminated by taking into account the quantum fluctuations
             dictated by the form of the potential. © 2006 IOP
             Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/39/1/005},
   Key = {fds304595}
}

@article{fds304596,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Adventures of the coupled Yang-Mills oscillators: I.
             Semiclassical expansion},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {45-59},
   Year = {2006},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/1/004},
   Abstract = {We study the quantum mechanical motion in the x2y2
             potentials with n ≤ 2, 3, which arise in the spatially
             homogeneous limit of the Yang-Mills (YM) equations. These
             systems show strong stochasticity in the classical limit
             (ℏ ≤ 0) and exhibit a quantum mechanical confinement
             feature. We calculate the partition function Z(t) going
             beyond the Thomas-Fermi (TF) approximation by means of the
             semiclassical expansion using the Wigner-Kirkwood (WK)
             method. We derive a novel compact form of the differential
             equation for the WK function. After separating the motion in
             the channels of the equipotential surface from the motion in
             the central region, we show that the leading higher order
             corrections to the TF term vanish up to eighth order in ℏ,
             if we treat the quantum motion in the hyperbolic channels
             correctly by adiabatic separation of the degrees of freedom.
             Finally, we obtain an asymptotic expansion of the partition
             function in terms of the parameter g 2ℏ4t3. © 2006 IOP
             Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/39/1/004},
   Key = {fds304596}
}

@article{Muller:2004dd,
   Author = {Müller, B.},
   Title = {Heavy ions: Prospects at the LHC},
   Journal = {Czech. J. Phys.},
   Volume = {55},
   Series = {Suppl. B},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0410115},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0410115},
   Key = {Muller:2004dd}
}

@article{fds247192,
   Author = {Müller, B and Tan, C-I},
   Title = {International Journal of Modern Physics A:
             Preface},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics A},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {19},
   Pages = {vii},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds247192}
}

@article{fds247253,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Bass, SA and Asakawa,
             M},
   Title = {Recombination plus fragmentation model at RHIC: Elliptic
             flow},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {31},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {S429-S435},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/31/4/053},
   Abstract = {We discuss hadron production in relativistic heavy-ion
             collisions in the framework of the recombination and
             fragmentation model. We propose elliptic flow as a useful
             tool for exploring final interactions of resonances, the
             hadron structure of exotic particles and the phase structure
             of the reaction. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/31/4/053},
   Key = {fds247253}
}

@article{fds247254,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Bass, SA and Asakawa,
             M},
   Title = {Hadronization at RHIC: Interplay of recombination and
             fragmentation},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Hungarica, Series A: Heavy Ion
             Physics},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {227-233},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {1219-7580},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/APH.24.2005.1-4.31},
   Abstract = {We discuss the hadron production in heavy ion collisions by
             the recombination and fragmentation model. We propose the
             elliptic flow as the useful tool for exploring final
             interactions for resonances, hadron structure for exotic
             particles and phase structure. © 2005 Akadémiai Kiadó,
             Budapest.},
   Doi = {10.1556/APH.24.2005.1-4.31},
   Key = {fds247254}
}

@article{fds247255,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and Müller, B and Bass, SA and Asakawa,
             M},
   Title = {Possible resolutions of the D-puzzle},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {71},
   Number = {5},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.71.051901},
   Abstract = {We explore possible ways of explaining the net charge
             event-by-event fluctuations in Au+Au collisions observed in
             experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider within a
             quark recombination model. We estimate the number of quarks
             at recombination and their implications for the predicted
             net charge fluctuations. We also discuss the consequences of
             diquark and quark-antiquark clustering above the
             deconfinement temperature. © 2005 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.71.051901},
   Key = {fds247255}
}

@article{fds247322,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and M, B and uuml, and ller},
   Title = {Adventures of the coupled Yang-Mills oscillators: II.
             YM-Higgs quantum mechanics},
   Journal = {J. Phys. A},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {45-59},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/0506239},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0506239},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/39/1/005},
   Key = {fds247322}
}

@article{fds247323,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and M, B and uuml, and ller},
   Title = {Adventures of the coupled Yang-Mills oscillators: I.
             semiclassical expansion},
   Journal = {J. Phys. A},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {61-72},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/0506214},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0506214},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/39/1/004},
   Key = {fds247323}
}

@article{fds247329,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Centrality dependence of direct photons in Au + Au
             collisions at sNN=200 GeV},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {72},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {041902(R)},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0507018.pdf},
   Abstract = {We calculate the spectra of high-energy photons emitted in
             relativistic Au + Au collisions for various centralities and
             compare to data recently collected at the Relativistic Heavy
             Ion Collider by the PHENIX Collaboration. Our results for
             photons from primary hard scatterings and photons from
             interactions of jets with the medium are consistent with the
             measurements of neutral pion and direct photon production in
             p+p collisions and give a good description of direct photon
             spectra measured in Au + Au collisions. The contribution of
             photons from jet-to-photon conversion in the medium can be
             as large as the photon yield from hard scatterings in the
             momentum range pT≈2-6 GeV/c. We show that this novel
             mechanism is not ruled out by any existing data. © 2005 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.72.041902},
   Key = {fds247329}
}

@article{fds247330,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rajagopal, K},
   Title = {From entropy and jet quenching to deconfinement?},
   Journal = {European Physical Journal C},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {15-21},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0502174.pdf},
   Abstract = {The challenge of demonstrating that the matter produced in
             heavy ion collisions is a deconfined quark-gluon plasma as
             predicted by lattice QCD calculations is the challenge of
             measuring the number of thermodynamic degrees of freedom
             $\nu\sim\varepsilon/T∧4$ at the time t 0 at which the
             matter comes into approximate local thermal equilibrium and
             begins to behave like a hydrodynamic fluid. Data from
             experiments done at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have
             been used to estimate t 0 and to put a lower bound on the
             energy density $\varepsilon(t_0)$ . However measuring $\nu$
             has seemed out of reach because no current data serve even
             as qualitative proxies for the temperature T(t 0). We point
             out that $\nu$ may equally appropriately be defined via
             $\nu\sim s∧4/\varepsilon∧3$ where s is the entropy
             density which can be estimated from the measured final state
             entropy. This estimate is based on the testable assumption
             of an isentropic expansion. The observation of jet quenching
             has the potential to provide an upper bound on the energy
             density at early times. Our goal is to motivate such an
             analysis by pointing out that it would set a lower bound on
             $\nu$. © Springer-Verlag 2005.},
   Doi = {10.1140/epjc/s2005-02256-3},
   Key = {fds247330}
}

@article{fds247331,
   Author = {Müller, B and Fries, RJ and Bass, SA},
   Title = {Thermal recombination: Beyond the valence quark
             approximation},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {618},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {77-83},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0503003.pdf},
   Abstract = {Quark counting rules derived from recombination models agree
             well with data on hadron production at intermediate
             transverse momenta in relativistic heavy-ion collisions.
             They convey a simple picture of hadrons consisting only of
             valence quarks. We discuss the inclusion of higher Fock
             states that add sea quarks and gluons to the hadron
             structure. We show that, when recombination occurs from a
             thermal medium, hadron spectra remain unaffected by the
             inclusion of higher Fock states. However, the quark number
             scaling for elliptic flow is somewhat affected. We discuss
             the implications for our understanding of data from the
             Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All
             rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2005.05.025},
   Key = {fds247331}
}

@article{fds247333,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and uuml, M and ller, B and Bass, SA and Asakawa,
             M},
   Title = {Possible resolution of the D-paradox},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {71},
   Pages = {051901},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds247333}
}

@article{fds247334,
   Author = {Ruppert, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {Waking the colored plasma},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {618},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {123-130},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0503158.pdf},
   Abstract = {We calculate the wake induced in a hot, dense QCD medium by
             a fast parton in the framework of linear response theory. We
             discuss two different scenarios: a weakly coupled
             quark-gluon plasma (pQGP) described by hard-thermal loop
             (HTL) perturbation theory and a strongly coupled QGP (sQGP),
             which had the properties of a quantum liquid. © 2005
             Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2005.04.075},
   Key = {fds247334}
}

@article{Muller:2004kk,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Hadronic signals of deconfinement at RHIC},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {750},
   Number = {1 SPEC. ISS.},
   Pages = {84-97},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0404015},
   Abstract = {This article reviews (soft) hadronic signals of
             deconfinement and chiral symmetry restoration in hot QCD
             matter in the light of the results from the first three
             years of the experimental program at the relativistic heavy
             ion collider. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.12.067},
   Key = {Muller:2004kk}
}

@article{Fries:2004hd,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {Correlated emission of hadrons from recombination of
             correlated partons},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {94},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {122301},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0407102},
   Abstract = {We discuss different sources of hadron correlations in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions. We show that correlations
             among partons in a quasithermal medium can lead to the
             correlated emission of hadrons by quark recombination and
             argue that this mechanism offers a plausible explanation for
             the dihadron correlations in the few GeV/c momentum range
             observed in Au + Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy
             Ion Collider. © 2005 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.122301},
   Key = {Fries:2004hd}
}

@article{Bass:2004de,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Photon interferometry of Au+Au collisions at the BNL
             Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {93},
   Number = {16},
   Pages = {162301},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15524982},
   Abstract = {We calculate the two-body correlation function of direct
             photons produced in central Au+Au collisions at the
             Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider. Our calculation includes
             contributions from the early preequilibrium phase in which
             photons are produced via hard parton scatterings as well as
             radiation of photons from a thermalized quark-gluon plasma
             and the subsequent expanding hadron gas. We find that high
             energy photon interferometry provides a faithful probe of
             the details of the space-time evolution and of the early
             reaction stages of the system.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.162301},
   Key = {Bass:2004de}
}

@article{Fries:2003fr,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Heavy ions at LHC: Theoretical issues},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal C - Particles and
             Fields},
   Volume = {34},
   Pages = {S279-S285},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {1434-6044},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000207563100027&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0307043},
   Doi = {10.1140/epjcd/s2004-04-026-6},
   Key = {Fries:2003fr}
}

@article{fds247231,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Musings about the Few-Body Problem},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {737},
   Number = {SUPPL.},
   Pages = {3-6},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.03.216},
   Abstract = {I review some anecdotal history of the few-body problem in
             physics, survey the present scope of the field, and mention
             some unsolved problems as possible future challenges. ©
             2004 Published by Elsevier B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.03.216},
   Key = {fds247231}
}

@article{fds247248,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Stephans, GSF and Ullrich,
             T},
   Title = {Preface: The 7th International Conference on Strangeness in
             Quark Matter},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {i-ii},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds247248}
}

@article{fds247250,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Nonaka, C and Bass, SA},
   Title = {Hadronization in heavy-ion collisions: Recombination or
             fragmentation?},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {S223-S228},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/30/1/025},
   Abstract = {We show that hadron production in relativistic heavy-ion
             collisions at transverse momenta larger than 2 GeV/c can be
             explained by the competition of two different hadronization
             mechanisms. Above 5 GeV/c hadron production can be described
             by fragmentation of partons that are created perturbatively.
             Below 5 GeV/c recombination of partons from the dense and
             hot fireball dominates. This can explain some of the
             surprising features of RHIC data such as the constant
             baryon-to-meson ratio of about one and the small nuclear
             suppression for baryons between 2 to 4 GeV/c.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/30/1/025},
   Key = {fds247250}
}

@article{Müller:2004ce,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {How relativistic heavy ion collisions can help
             us},
   Journal = {Physics News (Indian Physics Association)},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {2-4},
   Pages = {3-10},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0407010},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0407010},
   Key = {Müller:2004ce}
}

@article{Nonaka:2003ew,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and uuml, M and ller, B and Asakawa, M and Bass,
             SA},
   Title = {Elliptic flow of resonances at RHIC: Probing final
             state},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {031902},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0312081},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0312081},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.69.031902},
   Key = {Nonaka:2003ew}
}

@article{Biro:2004na,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Purcsel, G and Müller, B},
   Title = {What is the temperature in heavy ion collisions?},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Hungarica, Series A: Heavy Ion
             Physics},
   Volume = {21},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {85-94},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0404115},
   Abstract = {We consider the Tsallis distribution as a source of the
             apparent slope of one-particle spectra in heavy-ion
             collisions and investigate the equation of state of this
             special kind of quark matter in the framework of
             non-extensive thermodynamics. We relate the energy per
             particle to the power-law tail of spectra at a given
             temperature.},
   Doi = {10.1556/APH.21.2004.1.9},
   Key = {Biro:2004na}
}

@article{Bass:2004vh,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {RHIC physics with the parton cascade model},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {S1283-S1286},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {1219-7580},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0403033},
   Abstract = {We present an analysis of the net baryon number rapidity
             distribution and of direct photon emission in the framework
             of the parton cascade model.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/30/8/109},
   Key = {Bass:2004vh}
}

@article{Biro:2003vz,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Müller, B},
   Title = {Almost exponential transverse spectra from power law
             spectra},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {578},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {78-84},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0309052},
   Abstract = {We point out that exponential shape of transverse spectra
             can be obtained as the Fourier transform of the limiting
             distribution of randomly positioned partons with power law
             spectra given by pQCD, which actually realize Tsallis
             distributions. Such spectra were used to obtain hadron
             yields by recombination in relativistic heavy-ion collisions
             at RHIC energies. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.052},
   Key = {Biro:2003vz}
}

@article{fds304598,
   Author = {Nonaka, C and Müller, B and Asakawa, M and Bass, SA and Fries,
             RJ},
   Title = {Elliptic flow of resonances in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions: Probing final state interactions and the
             structure of resonances},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {031902-031901},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.69.031902},
   Abstract = {We propose the measurement of the elliptic flow of hadron
             resonances at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider as a tool
             to probe the amount of hadronic final state interactions for
             resonances at intermediate and large transverse momenta.
             This can be achieved by looking at systematic deviations of
             the measured flow coefficient ν2 from the scaling law given
             by the quark recombination formalism. Our method can be
             generalized to explore the structure of exotic particles,
             such as the recently found pentaquark Θ+(1540).},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.69.031902},
   Key = {fds304598}
}

@article{Fries:2003vb,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Nonaka, C and Bass, SA},
   Title = {Hadronization in heavy-ion collisions: recombination and
             fragmentation of partons.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {20},
   Pages = {202303},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12785886},
   Abstract = {We argue that the emission of hadrons with transverse
             momentum up to about 5 GeV/c in central relativistic heavy
             ion collisions is dominated by recombination, rather than
             fragmentation of partons. This mechanism provides a natural
             explanation for the observed constant baryon-to-meson ratio
             of about one and the apparent lack of a nuclear suppression
             of the baryon yield in this momentum range. Fragmentation
             becomes dominant at higher transverse momentum, but the
             transition point is delayed by the energy loss of fast
             partons in dense matter.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.202303},
   Key = {Fries:2003vb}
}

@article{Bass:2002pm,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Light from cascading partons in relativistic heavy-ion
             collisions.},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {082301},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12633418},
   Abstract = {We calculate the production of high energy photons from
             Compton and annihilation processes as well as fragmentation
             off quarks in the parton cascade model. The multiple
             scattering of partons is seen to lead to a substantial
             production of high energy photons, which rises further when
             parton multiplication due to final state radiation is
             included. The photon yield is found to be directly
             proportional to the number of hard collisions and thus
             provides valuable information on the preequilibrium reaction
             dynamics.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.082301},
   Key = {Bass:2002pm}
}

@article{Muller:2003dn,
   Author = {Müller, B.},
   Title = {Parton cascades in high-energy nuclear collisions},
   Journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. E},
   Volume = {12},
   Pages = {165-176},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {Muller:2003dn}
}

@article{fds28625,
   Author = {T.S. Biro and B. Müller and S.G. Matinyan},
   Title = {Beyond quantum field theory: Chaotic lattices?},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-lat/0305023.pdf},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-lat/0305023},
   Key = {fds28625}
}

@article{fds4367,
   Author = {Bass, S. A. and Müller, B. and Srivastava, D.
             K.},
   Title = {Semihard scattering of partons at SPS and RHIC: A study in
             contrast},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {66},
   Pages = {061902(R)},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0210042.pdf},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0210042},
   Key = {fds4367}
}

@article{fds28626,
   Author = {T.S. Biro and S.G. Matinyan and B. Müller},
   Title = {Chaotic quantization: Maybe the Lord plays dice, after
             all?},
   Volume = {633},
   Series = {Lecture Notes in Physics},
   Pages = {164-179},
   Booktitle = {Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems},
   Publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
   Editor = {H.T. Elze},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0301131.pdf},
   Abstract = {http://erxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0301131},
   Key = {fds28626}
}

@article{fds247246,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Parton rescattering and colour screening in Au+Au collisions
             at RHIC},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {715},
   Pages = {813c-816c},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0375-9474(02)01501-4},
   Abstract = {We study the microscopic dynamics of quarks and gluons in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions in the framework of the
             Parton Cascade Model. We use lowest order perturbative QCD
             cross sections with fixed lower momentum cutoff p Tmin. We
             calculate the time evolution of the Debye-screening mass μD
             for Au+Au collisions at √s = 200 GeV per nucleon pair. We
             also determine the energy density reached through hard and
             semi-hard processes at RHIC and analyze the extent of
             perturbative rescattering among partons. © 2003 Elsevier
             Science E.V. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0375-9474(02)01501-4},
   Key = {fds247246}
}

@article{Bass:2002fh,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Parton rescattering and screening in Au + Au collisions at
             RHIC},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {551},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {277-283},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0207042},
   Abstract = {We study the microscopic dynamics of quarks and gluons in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions in the framework of the
             Parton Cascade Model. We use lowest order perturbative QCD
             cross sections with fixed lower momentum cutoff PTmin. We
             calculate the time-evolution of the Debye-screening mass μD
             for Au + Au collisions at √s = 200 GeV per nucleon pair.
             The screening mass is used to determine a lower limit for
             the allowed range of PTmin. We also determine the energy
             density reached through hard and semi-hard processes at
             RHIC, obtain a lower bound for the rapidity density of
             charged hadrons produced by semi-hard interactions, and
             analyze the extent of perturbative rescattering among
             partons. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(02)03068-X},
   Key = {Bass:2002fh}
}

@article{Fries:2002kt,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {High-energy photons from passage of jets through quark-gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {13},
   Pages = {132301/1-132301/4},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0208001},
   Abstract = {A novel mechanism for the production of high-energy photons
             in relativistic heavy ion collisions is presented.
             Calculations indicate that this mechanism is the leading
             source of directly produced photons at RHIC in the region
             p⊥≤6 GeV/c.},
   Key = {Fries:2002kt}
}

@article{Bass:2002vm,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Net baryon density in Au + Au collisions at the relativistic
             heavy ion collider},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {91},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {523021-523024},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12906590},
   Abstract = {The net-baryon multiplicity density distributions in Au + Au
             collisions were calculated at 130 and 200 GeV center-of-mass
             energy per nucleon pair. The parton cascade model predicted
             a net-baryon excess at midrapidity in Au + Au collisions,
             which was in agreement with measured values. The transport
             of partons to midrapidity, caused by rescattering among
             partons, was found to increase the net-baryon number
             density.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.052302},
   Key = {Bass:2002vm}
}

@article{Bass:2003mk,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Transverse momentum distribution of net baryon number at
             RHIC},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {L51-L58},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0307027},
   Abstract = {We calculate the transverse momentum distribution of net
             quarks (quarks minus antiquarks) in Au+Au collisions at the
             Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in the framework of the
             parton cascade model at two different rapidities. Parton
             re-scattering and fragmentation are seen to lead to a
             substantial difference in the slopes of these distributions
             between mid- and forward-rapidities, in qualitative
             agreement with the corresponding data for the net baryon
             distribution.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/29/10/101},
   Key = {Bass:2003mk}
}

@article{Asakawa:2002vj,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Minakata, H and Müller, B},
   Title = {Negative elliptic flow from anomaly induced DCC
             formation},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {721},
   Pages = {305c-308c},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0212070},
   Abstract = {We discuss characteristic experimental signatures related to
             the mechanism of DCC formation triggered by the chiral U(l)
             anomaly in relativistic heavy ion collisions. We predict an
             enhancement of the fraction of neutral pions compared with
             all pions in the direction perpendicular to the scattering
             plane. To quantify the effect on the angular distribution of
             neutral pions, we compute the elliptic flow parameter u2 as
             a function of the transverse momentum. We find values of
             order -0.05 at small momenta for neutral pions. We also
             compute the v2 parameter for inclusive photons, which is
             easier to measure, and confirmed that the negative a few
             percent effect prevails in this observable.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0375-9474(03)01056-X},
   Key = {Asakawa:2002vj}
}

@article{Fries:2003kq,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Nonaka, C and Bass, SA},
   Title = {Hadron production in heavy ion collisions: Fragmentation and
             recombination from a dense parton phase},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {449021-4490223},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000187575300046&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {We discuss hadron production in heavy ion collisions at the
             Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). We argue that
             hadrons at transverse momenta P T<5 GeV are formed by
             recombination of partons from the dense parton phase created
             in central collisions at RHIC. We provide a theoretical
             description of the recombination process for PT>2 GeV.
             Below PT=2 GeV our results smoothly match a purely
             statistical description. At high transverse momentum hadron
             production is well described in the language of perturbative
             QCD by the fragmentation of partons. We give numerical
             results for a variety of hadron spectra, ratios, and nuclear
             suppression factors. We also discuss the anisotropic flow v2
             and give results based on a flow in the parton phase. Our
             results are consistent with the existence of a parton phase
             at RHIC hadronizing at a temperature of 175 MeV and a radial
             flow velocity of 0.55c.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.68.044902},
   Key = {Fries:2003kq}
}

@article{Muller:2002fa,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Phenomenology of jet quenching in heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {67},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {061901},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0208038},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0208038},
   Key = {Muller:2002fa}
}

@article{Shin:2003yk,
   Author = {Shin, GR and Müller, B},
   Title = {Studies of parton thermalization at RHIC},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {2485-2495},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0307084},
   Abstract = {We consider the evolution of a parton system which is formed
             in the central region just after a relativistic heavy ion
             collision. The parton consists of mostly gluons, minijets,
             which are produced by elastic scattering between constituent
             partons of the colliding nuclei. We assume that the system
             can be described by a semi-classical Boltzmann transport
             equation, which we solve by means of the test particle Monte
             Carlo method including retardation. The partons proliferate
             via secondary radiative gg → ggg processes until the
             thermalization is reached for some assumptions. The extended
             system is thermalized at about t = 1.6 fm c-1 with T = 570
             MeV and remains in kinetic equilibrium for about 2 fm c-1
             with breaking temperature T = 360 MeV in the rapidity
             central region.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/29/11/004},
   Key = {Shin:2003yk}
}

@article{fds247607,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Parton cascades in high energy nuclear collisions},
   Journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {165-176},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218301303001247},
   Abstract = {This is a review of the parton cascade model (PCM) which
             provides a QCD-based description of nucleus-nucleus
             reactions at very high energy. The PCM describes the
             collision dynamics within the early and dense phase of the
             reaction in terms of the relativistic, probabilistic
             transport of perturbative excitations (partons) of the QCD
             vacuum, combined with the renormalization group flow of the
             parton virtuality. The current state of numerical
             implementations of the model, as well as its predictions for
             nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC are discussed.},
   Doi = {10.1142/S0218301303001247},
   Key = {fds247607}
}

@article{fds304594,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Phenomenology of jet quenching in heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {67},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {619011-619015},
   Year = {2003},
   Abstract = {We derive an analytical expression for the quenching factor
             in the strong quenching limit where the pT spectrum of hard
             partons is dominated by surface emission. We explore the
             phenomenological consequences of different scaling laws for
             the energy loss and calculate the additional suppression of
             the away-side jet.},
   Key = {fds304594}
}

@article{Bass:2002gb,
   Author = {S A Bass and BM and uuml, and ller, DKS},
   Title = {Semihard scattering of partons at SPS and RHIC: A Study in
             contrast.},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C, Rapid Communication},
   Volume = {66},
   Pages = {061902(R)},
   Year = {2002},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0210042},
   Abstract = {We analyze the contribution of pQCD based semi-hard parton
             (re)scattering to the reaction dynamics of relativistic
             heavy-ion collisions at SPS and RHIC. While such processes
             are able to account for the measured yield of high momentum
             direct photons at SPS energies, the conditions necessary for
             jet-quenching are not fulfilled. The situation changes
             dramatically at RHIC energies.},
   Key = {Bass:2002gb}
}

@article{fds3051,
   Author = {Müller, B.},
   Title = {The anthropic principle revisited},
   Booktitle = {From integrable models to gauge theories},
   Publisher = {World Scientific (Singapore)},
   Editor = {Gürzadyan, V.G. et al.},
   Year = {2002},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0108259.pdf},
   Abstract = {The usage of the anthropic principle in modern cosmology is
             reviewed. It is argued that its recent use to explain the
             observedvalues of cosmological parameters as most probable
             values for an ensemble of universes, is not justified.
             However, the anthropic principle can be invoked to argue
             that a vast number of universes must exist, in which the
             cosmological parameters and constants of nature take on
             different values. This argument lends support to the
             hypothesis of eternal inflation and suggests that at least
             some of the parameters of the Standard Model cannot be
             quantitatively derived from an underlying
             theory.},
   Key = {fds3051}
}

@article{Asakawa:2000dr,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Minakata, H and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Experimental signatures of anomaly induced DCC
             formation},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {057901},
   Year = {2002},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0011031},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0011031},
   Key = {Asakawa:2000dr}
}

@article{Asakawa:2001mn,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Heinz, U and Müller, B},
   Title = {Fluctuation probes of quark deconfinement},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {698},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {519c-522c},
   Year = {2002},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0106046},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/0106046},
   Key = {Asakawa:2001mn}
}

@article{Muller:2001wj,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Statistical fluctuations as probes of dense
             matter},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {702},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {281c-290c},
   Year = {2002},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0111008},
   Abstract = {The use of statistical fluctuations as probes of the
             microscopic dynamics of hot and dense hadronic matter is
             reviewed. Critical fluctuations near the critical point of
             QCD matter are predicted to enhance fluctuations in pionic
             observables. Chemical fluctuations, especially those of
             locally conserved quantum numbers, such as electric charge
             and baryon number, can probe the nature of the carriers of
             these quantum numbers in the dense medium.},
   Key = {Muller:2001wj}
}

@article{Shin:2002fg,
   Author = {Shin, GR and Müller, B},
   Title = {A relativistic parton cascade with radiation},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {2643-2655},
   Year = {2002},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0207041},
   Abstract = {We consider the evolution of a parton system which is formed
             at the central rapidity region just after an
             ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collision. The evolution of the
             system, which is composed of gluons, quarks and antiquarks,
             is described by relativistic Boltzmann equations with
             collision terms including radiation and retardation effects.
             The equations are solved by the test particle method using
             Monte Carlo sampling. Our simulations do not show any
             evidence of kinetic equilibration, unless the cross sections
             are artificially increased to unrealistically large
             values.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/28/10/309},
   Key = {Shin:2002fg}
}

@article{fds287695,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Srivastava, DK},
   Title = {Semihard scattering of partons at √s=17 vs 200 GeV: A
             study in contrast},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {619021-619024},
   Year = {2002},
   Abstract = {We analyze the contribution of perturbative QCD based
             semihard parton (re)scattering to the reaction dynamics of
             relativistic heavy-ion collisions at SPS and RHIC. While
             such processes are able to account for the measured yield of
             high-momentum direct photons at SPS energies, the conditions
             necessary for jet quenching are not fulfilled. The situation
             changes dramatically at RHIC energies.},
   Key = {fds287695}
}

@article{fds304593,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Minakata, H and Müller, B},
   Title = {Experimental signatures of anomaly induced disoriented
             chiral condensate formation},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {579011-579013},
   Year = {2002},
   Abstract = {We discuss characteristic experimental signatures related to
             the formation of domains of disoriented chiral condensate
             triggered by the axial anomaly in relativistic heavy-ion
             collisions. We predict that the enhancement of the fraction
             of neutral pions compared to all pions depends on the angle
             of emission with respect to the scattering plane and is
             concentrated at small transverse momentum and small rapidity
             in the center-of-mass frame. The anisotropy with respect to
             the reaction plane is also observable in the inclusive
             photon distribution.},
   Key = {fds304593}
}

@article{Biro:2001dh,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Chaotic quantization of classical gauge fields},
   Journal = {Foundations of Physics Letters},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {471-485},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0105279},
   Abstract = {We argue that the quantized non-Abelian gauge theory can be
             obtained as the infrared limit of the corresponding
             classical gauge theory in a higher dimension. We show how
             the transformation from classical to quantum field theory
             emerges, and calculate Planck's constant from quantities
             defined in the underlying classical gauge
             theory.},
   Doi = {10.1023/A:1015565621215},
   Key = {Biro:2001dh}
}

@article{fds324422,
   Author = {Pisarski, RD and Kapusta, JI and Mueller, B},
   Title = {Klaus Kinder-Geiger - Obituary},
   Journal = {Physics today},
   Volume = {53},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {88-88},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.883060},
   Doi = {10.1063/1.883060},
   Key = {fds324422}
}

@article{Fries:2000da,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Schäfer, A and Stein, E and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Nuclear enhanced higher-twist effects in the Drell-Yan
             process},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics B},
   Volume = {582},
   Number = {1-3},
   Pages = {537-570},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0002074},
   Abstract = {We calculate the Drell-Yan cross section, resolving the full
             kinematics of the lepton pair, at high transverse momentum
             for hadron nucleus collisions. We use the general framework
             of Luo, Qiu and Sterman to calculate double scattering
             contributions that are of twist-4 and demonstrate their
             nuclear enhancement. By comparing single and double
             scattering at RHIC energies we find that double scattering
             gives contributions of comparable size. We also show that
             the angular dependence of the Drell-Yan pair discriminates
             between the various double scattering contributions. © 2000
             Elsevier Science B.V.},
   Key = {Fries:2000da}
}

@article{Bolte:1999th,
   Author = {Bolte, JM and uuml, and ller, B and Sch, and auml, and fer,
             A},
   Title = {Ergodic properties of classical SU(2) lattice gauge
             theory},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {054506},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-lat/9906037},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-lat/9906037},
   Key = {Bolte:1999th}
}

@article{Asakawa:2000wh,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Heinz, U and Müller, B},
   Title = {Fluctuation probes of quark deconfinement},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {2072-2075},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0003169},
   Abstract = {A different type of fluctuations in the multiplicities and
             momentum distributions of particles emitted in relativistic
             heavy-ion collisions is considered. These fluctuations are
             sensitive to the microscopic structure of the dense matter.
             The fluctuations of locally observed quantities that show a
             distinctly different behavior in a hadron gas (HG) and a
             quark-gluon plasma (QGP) was considered since the expansion
             is too fast for local fluctuations to follow the mean
             thermodynamic evolution of the system.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.2072},
   Key = {Asakawa:2000wh}
}

@article{Poschl:2000ip,
   Author = {Pöschl, W and Müller, B},
   Title = {Collision of SU(2) gauge fields in 3+1 dimensions},
   Journal = {Computer Physics Communications},
   Volume = {125},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {282-315},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://www.elsevier.com/IVP/00104655/125/282},
   Abstract = {The Yang-Mills equations provide a classical mean field
             description of the non-Abelian soft glue field dynamics in
             heavy ion collisions at high energies. A C++ code for the
             numerical solution on a three-dimensional gauge lattice is
             presented. Non-perturbative time-dependent solutions in
             position space are calculated in the weak coupling regime of
             a gauge lattice within the Hamiltonian approach of Kogut and
             Susskind. Applications are demonstrated by simulations of
             the Yang-Mills field dynamics in collisions of initially
             uniformly color polarized Gaussian wave packets. The
             collisions are evolved in time. The time dependent energy
             densities, energy flows and energy currents in longitudinal
             and transverse directions with respect to the collision axis
             are presented. Simulations of this type have recently
             revealed an interesting solution which exhibits a
             time-delayed sudden increase of the transverse energy
             currents in the `non-Abelian case' at short times after the
             collision.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0010-4655(99)00484-1},
   Key = {Poschl:2000ip}
}

@article{fds304591,
   Author = {Bolte, J and Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Ergodic properties of classical SU(2) lattice gauge
             theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {DUMMY35},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   Abstract = {We investigate the relationship between the Lyapunov
             exponents of periodic trajectories, the average and
             fluctuations of Lyapunov exponents of ergodic trajectories,
             and the ergodic autocorrelation time for the twodimensional
             hyperbola billiard. We then study the fluctuation properties
             of the ergodic Lyapunov spectrum of classical SU(2) gauge
             theory on a lattice. Our results are consistent with the
             notion that this system is globally hyperbolic. Among the
             many powerful theorems applicable to such systems, we
             discuss one relating to the fluctuations in the entropy
             growth rate. ©2000 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Key = {fds304591}
}

@article{fds304592,
   Author = {Bolte, J and Müller, B and Schäfer, A},
   Title = {Ergodic properties of classical SU(2) lattice gauge
             theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {1-7},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   Abstract = {We investigate the relationship between the Lyapunov
             exponents of periodic trajectories, the average and
             fluctuations of Lyapunov exponents of ergodic trajectories,
             and the ergodic autocorrelation time for the two-dimensional
             hyperbola billiard. We then study the fluctuation properties
             of the ergodic Lyapunov spectrum of classical SU(2) gauge
             theory on a lattice. Our results are consistent with the
             notion that this system is globally hyperbolic. Among the
             many powerful theorems applicable to such systems, we
             discuss one relating to the fluctuations in the entropy
             growth rate. ©2000 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Key = {fds304592}
}

@article{fds247224,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {Quarks unleashed at low energy},
   Journal = {Physics World},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {23-24},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0953-8585},
   Key = {fds247224}
}

@article{fds247226,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Quark matter '99 - Theoretical summary: What
             next?},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {661},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {272c-281c},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds247226}
}

@article{Bass:1999bu,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B},
   Title = {K-factors in parton cascades at RHIC and
             SPS},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {471},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {108-112},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9908014},
   Abstract = {Different treatments for the inclusion of higher-order
             perturbative QCD corrections in parton based transport
             models of relativistic heavy-ion collisions are studied and
             their influence on experimental observables is investigated.
             At RHIC, particle multiplicities may vary by more than 30%,
             depending on the correction scheme. A detailed analysis of
             the squared relative momentum transfers Q2 to be expected in
             parton (re)scatterings at RHIC casts doubt on the
             applicability of pQCD based transport approaches at the SPS
             and rules out the application of higher-order correction
             schemes based on a rescaling of Q2 in the running coupling
             constant α(s), at all energies. (C) 1999 Published by
             Elsevier Science B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01364-7},
   Key = {Bass:1999bu}
}

@article{Poschl:1998px,
   Author = {ouml, P and schl, W and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Real time dynamics of colliding gauge fields and the 'glue
             burst'},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {114505},
   Year = {1999},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9812066},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/9812066},
   Key = {Poschl:1998px}
}

@article{Bass:1998nz,
   Author = {Bass, SA and Müller, B and Pöschl, W},
   Title = {Lattice gauge description of colliding nuclei},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {25},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {L109-L115},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9808011},
   Abstract = {We propose a novel formalism for simultaneously describing
             both the hard and soft parton dynamics in ultrarelativistic
             collisions of nuclei. The emission of gluons from the
             initially coherent parton configurations of the colliding
             nuclei and low-p1 colour coherence effects are treated in
             the framework of a Yang-Mills transport equation on a
             coupled lattice-particle system. A collision term is added
             to the transport equation to account for the remaining
             intermediate and high-p1 interactions in an infrared finite
             manner.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/25/11/101},
   Key = {Bass:1998nz}
}

@article{Fries:1999jj,
   Author = {Fries, RJ and Müller, B and Schäfer, A and Stein,
             E},
   Title = {Angular Dependence of the Nuclear Enhancement of Drell-Yan
             Pairs},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {83},
   Number = {21},
   Pages = {4261-4264},
   Year = {1999},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9907567},
   Abstract = {We calculate the nuclear enhancement in the angular
             distribution of Drell-Yan pairs produced in proton-nucleus
             reactions. Nuclear effects are encoded in universal twist-4
             parton correlation functions. We find that the Lam-Tung
             relation for the angular coefficients of the lepton-pair
             distribution holds for the double-hard, but not for the
             soft-hard, contribution. We also predict that nuclear
             enhancement effects at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
             energies can be large.},
   Key = {Fries:1999jj}
}

@article{fds304590,
   Author = {Pöschl, W and Müller, B},
   Title = {Real time dynamics of colliding gauge fields and the "glue
             burst"},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {1-16},
   Year = {1999},
   Abstract = {The Yang-Mills equations provide a classical mean field
             description of gauge fields. In view of developing a
             coherent description of the formation of the quark gluon
             plasma in high energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions we study
             pure gauge field dynamics in 3 + 1 dimensions. In collisions
             of wave packets, numerically simulated on a SU(2) gauge
             lattice, we study transverse and longitudinal energy
             currents. For wave packets with different polarizations in
             color space, we observe a time-delayed fragmentation after
             the collision resulting in a rapid expansion into transverse
             directions. We call this phenomenon the "glue burst." An
             analysis of the Yang-Mills equations reveals the explanation
             for this behavior. It is pointed out that this effect could
             play a role in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions.
             ©1999 The American Physical Society.},
   Key = {fds304590}
}

@article{fds247221,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Signatures for the quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {630},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {461c-467c},
   Year = {1998},
   Abstract = {I survey the experimental signatures of a quark-gluon plasma
             in the light of present and future experiments. This
             includes a review of new theoretical results concerning the
             QCD equation of state and the formation of a dense parton
             plasma in high energy nuclear collisions.},
   Key = {fds247221}
}

@article{fds247222,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Minakata, H and Müller, B},
   Title = {Non-central heavy-ion collisions are the place to look for
             DCC},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {638},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {443c-446c},
   Year = {1998},
   Abstract = {We give two reasons why we believe that non-central
             ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions are the place to look
             for the disoriented chiral condensates (DCC). First, we
             argue that the most probable quench scenario for the
             formation of DCC requires non-central collisions. Second, we
             show by numerical simulations that strong electromagnetic
             fields of heavy ions can exert a surprisingly large effect
             on the DCC domain formation through the chiral anomaly. The
             effect again requires non-central collisions. Interestingly,
             the result of simulations is consistent with the formation
             of correlated two domains of the chiral condensate, which
             are aligned in space, perpendicular to the scattering plane,
             but misaligned in isospin space.},
   Key = {fds247222}
}

@article{Geiger:1998ct,
   Author = {Geiger, K and Müller, B},
   Title = {How Dense Does Parton Matter Get in Pb + Pb Collisions at
             the CERN SPS?},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Hungarica New Series Heavy Ion
             Physics},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {207-213},
   Year = {1998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9707048},
   Abstract = {We examine the qualitative features of parton production
             through materialization in heavy-ion collisions within
             perturbative QCD, and estimate the magnitude of the
             resulting parton density created during the early stage of
             the collisions. The implications for "anomalous" J/ψ
             suppression observed in Pb + Pb collisions at the CERN SPS
             are discussed. We argue that the A-dependence of absorption
             of J/ψ by (partonic) comovers is steeper than assumed in
             most phenomenological models, because the absorption process
             is dominated by quasi-perturbative QCD interactions. Our
             argument is supported by results recently obtained in the
             framework of the parton cascade model. We predict
             significant "anomalous" suppression for Pb + Pb collisions
             at the CERN-SPS, but not for S + U collisions.},
   Key = {Geiger:1998ct}
}

@article{Matinyan:1998ps,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B and Rischke, DH},
   Title = {Classical gluon radiation in ultrarelativistic nuclear
             collisions: Space-time structure, instabilities, and
             thermalization},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {57},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1927-1937},
   Year = {1998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9708053},
   Abstract = {We investigate the space-time structure of the classical
             gluon field produced in an ultrarelativistic collision
             between color charges. The classical solution which was
             computed previously in a perturbative approach is shown to
             become unstable on account of the non-Abelian
             self-interaction neglected in the perturbative solution
             scheme. The time scale for growth of the instabilities is
             found to be of the order of the distance between the
             colliding color charges. We argue that these instabilities
             will eventually lead to thermalization of gluons produced in
             an ultrarelativistic collision between heavy nuclei. The
             rate of thermalization is estimated to be of order g2μ,
             where g is the strong coupling constant and μ2 the
             transverse color charge density of an ultrarelativistic
             nucleus.},
   Key = {Matinyan:1998ps}
}

@article{Moore:1998sn,
   Author = {Moore, GD and Hu, C and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Chern-Simons number diffusion with hard thermal
             loops},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {045001},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9710436},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9710436},
   Key = {Moore:1998sn}
}

@article{Asakawa:1998st,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Minakata, H and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Anomaly induced domain formation of disoriented chiral
             condensates},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {094011},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9805261},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9805261},
   Key = {Asakawa:1998st}
}

@article{Matinyan:1998cb,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Model of charmonium absorption by light mesons},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2994-2997},
   Year = {1998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9806027},
   Abstract = {We calculate the cross sections for dissociation of J/ψ by
             pions and ρ mesons within the framework of a meson exchange
             model. We find that these cross sections are small at
             center-of-mass energies less than 1 GeV above threshold, and
             that dissociation rates are less than 0.01 fm/c in a thermal
             meson gas at temperatures where such a description makes
             sense.},
   Key = {Matinyan:1998cb}
}

@article{fds304589,
   Author = {Moore, GD and Hu, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {Chern-Simons number diffusion with hard thermal
             loops},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {450011-4500124},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   Abstract = {We construct an extension of the standard Kogut-Susskind
             lattice model for classical (3+ 1)-dimensional Yang-Mills
             theory, in which "classical particle" degrees of freedom are
             added. We argue that this will correctly reproduce the "hard
             thermal loop" effects of hard degrees of freedom, while
             giving a local implementation which is numerically
             tractable. We prove that the extended system is Hamiltonian
             and has the same thermodynamics as dimensionally reduced hot
             Yang-Mills theory put on a lattice. We present a numerical
             update algorithm and study the Abelian theory to verify that
             the classical gauge theory self-energy is correctly
             modified. Then we use the extended system to study the
             diffusion constant for the Chern-Simons number. We verify
             the Arnold-Son-Yaffe picture that the diffusion constant is
             inversely proportional to the hard thermal loop strength.
             Our numbers correspond to a diffusion constant of Γ =
             29±6α5wT4 for m2D= 11g2T2/6.},
   Key = {fds304589}
}

@article{fds304605,
   Author = {Asakawa, M and Minakata, H and Müller, B},
   Title = {Anomaly induced domain formation of disoriented chiral
             condensates},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {940111-9401114},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   Abstract = {We discuss the effect of the chiral anomaly as a possible
             mechanism for triggering the formation of domains of
             disoriented chiral condensate (DCC) in relativistic heavy
             ion collisions. The anomalous π0→2γ coupling and the
             strong, Lorentz contracted electromagnetic fields of the
             heavy ions combine to produce the "anomaly kick" to the
             field configuration of the neutral pion field. We implement
             the effect of the anomaly kick in our numerical simulation
             of the linear sigma model in a schematic way which preserves
             its characteristic features: the effect is coherent over a
             large region of space but is opposite in sign above and
             below the ion scattering plane. We demonstrate by detailed
             simulations with longitudinal expansion that the DCC domain
             formation is dramatically enhanced by the anomaly kick in
             spite of its small absolute magnitude. We examine the
             behavior of various physical quantities such as pion fields,
             the axial vector currents, and their correlation functions.
             Our results also provide useful insight into the mechanism
             and properties of DCC domain formation, in general. Finally,
             we discuss some experimental observables which can signal
             the anomaly induced formation of DCC.},
   Key = {fds304605}
}

@article{Matinyan:1997ya,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B and Rischke, DH},
   Title = {Gluon radiation and coherent states in ultrarelativistic
             nuclear collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {56},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {2191-2201},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9705024},
   Abstract = {We explore the correspondence between classical gluon
             radiation and quantum radiation in a coherent state for
             gluons produced in ultrarelativistic nuclear collisions. The
             expectation value of the invariant momentum distribution of
             gluons in the coherent state is found to agree with the
             gluon number distribution obtained classically from the
             solution of the Yang-Mills equations. A criterion for the
             applicability of the coherent state formalism to the problem
             of radiation in ultrarelativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions
             is discussed. This criterion is found to be fulfilled for
             midrapidity gluons with perturbative transverse momenta
             larger than ∼ 1-2 GeV and produced in collisions between
             valence partons.},
   Key = {Matinyan:1997ya}
}

@article{Greiner:1997dx,
   Author = {Greiner, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {Classical fields near thermal equilibrium},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {1026-1046},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/9605048},
   Abstract = {We discuss the classical limit for the long-distance
             ("soft") modes of a quantum field when the hard modes of the
             field are in thermal equilibrium. We address the question of
             the correct semiclassical dynamics when a momentum cutoff
             |p|≤kc≤T is introduced. Higher order contributions lead
             to a stochastic interpretation for the effective action in
             analogy with quantum Brownian motion, resulting in
             dissipation and decoherence for the evolution of the soft
             modes. Particular emphasis is put on the understanding of
             dissipation. Our discussion focuses mostly on scalar fields,
             but we make some remarks on the extension to gauge
             theories.},
   Key = {Greiner:1997dx}
}

@article{Srivastava:1997rz,
   Author = {Srivastava, DK and Mustafa, MG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Chemical equilibration of an expanding quark-gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {396},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {45-49},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9608424},
   Abstract = {The chemical equilibration of the parton distribution in
             collisions of two heavy nuclei at the CERN Large Hadron
             Collider is investigated. Initial conditions are obtained
             from a self-screened parton cascade calculation. The onset
             of transverse expansion of the system is found to impede the
             chemical equilibration. The system initially approaches
             chemical equilibrium, but then is driven away from it, when
             the transverse velocity becomes large. © 1997 Elsevier
             Science B.V.},
   Key = {Srivastava:1997rz}
}

@article{Heinz:1997wx,
   Author = {Heinz, U and Hu, CR and Leupold, S and Matinyan, SG and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Thermalization and Lyapunov exponents in Yang-Mills-Higgs
             theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {2464-2476},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/9608181},
   Abstract = {We investigate thermalization processes occurring at
             different time scales in the Yang-Mills-Higgs system at high
             temperatures. We determine the largest Lyapunov exponent
             associated with the gauge fields and verify its relation to
             the perturbatively calculated damping rate of a static gauge
             boson.},
   Key = {Heinz:1997wx}
}

@article{Matinyan:1997hd,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Quantum Fluctuations and Dynamical Chaos: An Effective
             Potential Approach},
   Journal = {Foundations of Physics},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1237-1255},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/9610233},
   Abstract = {We discuss the intimate connection between the chaotic
             dynamics of a classical field theory and the instability of
             the one-loop effective action of the associated quantum
             field theory. Using the example of massless scalar
             electrodynamics, we show how the radiatively induced
             spontaneous symmetry breaking stabilizes the vacuum state
             against chaos, and we speculate that monopole condensation
             can have the same effect in non-Abelian gauge
             theories.},
   Key = {Matinyan:1997hd}
}

@article{Hu:1997sf,
   Author = {Hu, CR and Müller, B},
   Title = {Classical lattice gauge fields with hard thermal
             loops},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {409},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {377-381},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9611292},
   Abstract = {We propose a formulation of the long-distance dynamics of
             gauge theories at finite temperature on a lattice in
             Minkowski space, including the effects of hard thermal loops
             on the dynamics of the long wavelength modes. Our approach
             is based on the dual classical limits of quantum fields as
             waves and particles in the infrared and ultraviolet limits,
             respectively. It exhibits manifest invariance under
             space-dependent lattice gauge transformations and conserves
             Gauss' law. © 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.},
   Key = {Hu:1997sf}
}

@article{Srivastava:1997qd,
   Author = {Srivastava, DK and Mustafa, MG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Expanding quark-gluon plasmas: Transverse flow, chemical
             equilibration, and electromagnetic radiation},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {56},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {1064-1074},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9611041},
   Abstract = {We investigate the chemical equilibration of the parton
             distributions in collisions of two heavy nuclei. We use
             initial conditions obtained from a self-screened parton
             cascade calculation and, for comparison, from the HIJING
             model. We consider a one-dimensional as well as a
             three-dimensional expansion of the parton plasma and find
             that the onset of the transverse expansion impedes the
             chemical equilibration. At energies of 100 GeV/nucleon, the
             results for one-dimensional and three-dimensional expansions
             are quite similar except at large values of the transverse
             radius. At energies of several TeV/nucleon, the plasma
             initially approaches chemical equilibrium, but then is
             driven away from it, when the transverse velocity gradients
             develop. We find that the total parton multiplicity density
             remains essentially unaffected by the flow, but the
             individual concentrations of quarks, antiquarks, and gluons
             are sensitive to the transverse flow. The consequences of
             the flow are also discernible in the transverse momenta of
             the partons and in the lepton pair spectra, where the flow
             causes a violation of the so-called MT scaling.},
   Key = {Srivastava:1997qd}
}

@article{Matinyan:1997rd,
   Author = {Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Quantum fluctuations and dynamical chaos},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {13},
   Pages = {2515-2518},
   Year = {1997},
   url = {http://prola.aps.org/pdf/PRL/v78/i13/p2515_1},
   Abstract = {We discuss the intimate connection between the chaotic
             dynamics of a classical field theory and the instability of
             the one-loop effective action of the associated quantum
             field theory. Using massless scalar electrodynamics as an
             example, we show how the radiatively induced spontaneous
             symmetry breaking stabilizes the vacuum state against
             chaos.},
   Key = {Matinyan:1997rd}
}

@article{fds247220,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Strangeness in paradise: The strange quark as a probe of
             QCD},
   Journal = {Acta Physica Hungarica New Series Heavy Ion
             Physics},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {1-14},
   Year = {1996},
   Abstract = {I review the arguments for considering the strange quark as
             a probe of changes in the QCD vacuum, and of the formation
             of a quark-gluon plasma, in particular. I survey existing
             data showing enhanced production of strange hadrons in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions and analyse their
             implications in the context of thermal and microscopic
             reaction models. My lecture closes with some remarks on
             strange quark matter and hypernuclei. © 1996 Akadémiai
             Kiadó, Budapest.},
   Key = {fds247220}
}

@article{Harris:1996zx,
   Author = {Harris, JW and Müller, B},
   Title = {The search for the quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {71-107},
   Year = {1996},
   ISSN = {0163-8998},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9602235},
   Abstract = {We provide an overview of the present understanding of the
             transition from hadrons to a quark-gluon plasma, its
             signatures, and the experimental results so far. We discuss
             results of numerical simulations of the lattice gauge theory
             and critically evaluate the various observables that have
             been proposed as signatures of the QCD phase transition. We
             place the existing data from relativistic heavy-ion
             experiments at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient
             Synchrotron (AGS) and CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS)
             into perspective and provide an overview of the techniques
             and strategies that will be employed in the search for the
             quark-gluon plasma at heavy-ion colliders, such as the
             Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron
             Collider (LHC).},
   Key = {Harris:1996zx}
}

@article{Hu:1996ar,
   Author = {Hu, CR and Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Symmetry restoration in gauge boson wave packet collisions
             in Yang-Mills-Higgs theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {2175-2181},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9603434},
   Abstract = {We investigate the restoration of spontaneously broken gauge
             symmetry in collisions of gauge boson wave packets in the
             SU(2) Higgs model.},
   Key = {Hu:1996ar}
}

@article{Rau:1996ea,
   Author = {Rau, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {From reversible quantum microdynamics to irreversible
             quantum transport},
   Journal = {Physics Report},
   Volume = {272},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-59},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9505009},
   Abstract = {The transition from reversible microdynamics to irreversible
             transport can be studied very efficiently and systematically
             with the help of the so-called projection method. After a
             concise introduction to that method we illustrate its power
             by using it to analyze the well-known rate and quantum
             Boltzmann equations, and we present, as a new application,
             the derivation of a source term which accounts for the
             spontaneous creation of electron-positron pairs in strong
             fields. Thereby we emphasize the pivotal role of time
             scales: Only if the various time scales exhibited by the
             dynamics are widely disparate can the evolution of the
             slower degrees of freedom be described by a conventional
             Markovian transport equation; otherwise one must account for
             finite memory effects. We show how the projection method can
             be employed to determine these time scales and how - if
             necessary - it allows one to include memory effects in a
             straightforward manner. There is also an appendix in which
             we discuss the concepts of entropy and macroscopic
             irreversibility.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-1573(95)00077-1},
   Key = {Rau:1996ea}
}

@article{Eskola:1996bp,
   Author = {Eskola, KJ and Müller, B and Wang, X-N},
   Title = {Screening of initial parton production in ultrarelativistic
             heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {374},
   Number = {1-3},
   Pages = {20-24},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9509285},
   Abstract = {Screening of initial parton production due to the presence
             of on-shell partons in high-energy heavy-ion collisions is
             discussed. It is shown that the divergent cross sections in
             the calculation of parton production can be regulated
             self-consistently without an ad hoc cut-off, and that the
             resultant parton production and transverse energy production
             rate are finite.},
   Key = {Eskola:1996bp}
}

@article{Hu:1996kd,
   Author = {Hu, CR and Matinyan, SG and Müller, B and Sweet,
             D},
   Title = {Wave packet collisions in Yang-Mills-Higgs
             theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {53},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {3823-3834},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9509305},
   Abstract = {We present numerical simulations of colliding wave packets
             in spontaneously broken SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory.
             Compared with pure Yang-Mills theory, introducing the Higgs
             field leads to new aspects in the dynamics of the system.
             The evolution of the gauge field and the Higgs field is
             investigated as a function of the amplitude of the wave
             packets and of the mass ratio of the Higgs boson and the
             gauge boson. We find regions in our parameter space in which
             initial wave packets scatter into final configurations with
             dramatically different momentum distributions.},
   Key = {Hu:1996kd}
}

@article{Minakata:1996gq,
   Author = {Minakata, H and Müller, B},
   Title = {Disoriented chiral condensate and strong electromagnetic
             fields},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {377},
   Number = {1-3},
   Pages = {135-139},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9511348},
   Abstract = {We discuss the effect of strong electromagnetic fields on
             chiral orientation in the framework of the linear σ model.
             Based on lessons we learn from computation of the effective
             potential at one loop, we argue that the chiral U(1) anomaly
             dominates chiral disorientation driven by electromagnetism.
             We show that the anomaly effect induces a
             quasi-instantaneous "kick" to field configurations along the
             π0 direction in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. We
             discuss the possibility that a "kick", even though small in
             magnitude, can have a substantial effect on the formation of
             chirally misaligned domains.},
   Key = {Minakata:1996gq}
}

@article{fds247219,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Quark matter '95: Where are we and what needs to be
             done?},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {590},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {3-10},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Key = {fds247219}
}

@article{Hu:1995ia,
   Author = {Hu, CR and Matinyan, SG and Müller, B and Trayanov, A and Gould, TM and Hsu, SDH and Poppitz, ER},
   Title = {Wave packet dynamics in Yang-Mills theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {2402-2411},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9502276},
   Abstract = {We discuss the results of numerical simulations of colliding
             wave packets in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. We investigate
             their behavior as a function of amplitude and momentum
             distribution. We find regions in our parameter space in
             which initial wave packets scatter into final configurations
             with dramatically different momentum distributions. These
             results constitute new classical trajectories with
             multiparticle boundary conditions. We explain their
             relevance for the calculation of scattering amplitudes in
             the semiclassical approximation. Finally, we give directions
             for future work. © 1995 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.52.2402},
   Key = {Hu:1995ia}
}

@article{Mrowczynski:1995at,
   Author = {Mrówczyński, S and Müller, B},
   Title = {Reheating after supercooling in the chiral phase
             transition},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {363},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {1-4},
   Year = {1995},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9507033},
   Abstract = {We study the conversion of the latent heat of a supercooled
             quark-gluon plasma into excitations of the pion field.
             Supercooling is predicted to occur in the late stages of the
             evolution of a quark-gluon plasma produced in energetic
             heavy-ion collisions, if the QCD phase transition is of
             first order. The supercooled, chirally symmetric state,
             which contains potential energy associated with an
             energetically unfavorable field configuration, eventually
             rolls down to the true minimum of the effective chiral
             potential. When this motion is described in terms of the
             linear sigma-model, we find that the energy of the coherent
             σ-field is very efficiently converted into pionic
             excitations due to anharmonic oscillations around the
             minimum. The system is expected to partially thermalize
             before its disintegration.},
   Key = {Mrowczynski:1995at}
}

@article{Biro:1995sh,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Matinyan, SG and Müller, B},
   Title = {Chaos driven by soft-hard mode coupling in thermal
             Yang-Mills theory},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {362},
   Number = {1-4},
   Pages = {29-33},
   Year = {1995},
   Abstract = {We argue on a basis of a simple few modes model of SU(2)
             Yang-Mills theory that the color off-diagonal coupling of
             the soft plasmon to hard thermal excitations of the gauge
             field drives the collective plasma oscillations into chaotic
             motion despite the presence of the plasmon
             mass.},
   Key = {Biro:1995sh}
}

@article{Biro:1995hs,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Gong, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {Lyapunov exponent and plasmon damping rate in non-Abelian
             gauge theories},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {1260-1266},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9409392},
   Abstract = {We explain why the maximal positive Lyapunov exponent of
             classical SU(N) gauge theory coincides with (twice) the
             damping rate of a plasmon at rest in the leading order of
             thermal gauge theory. © 1995 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.52.1260},
   Key = {Biro:1995hs}
}

@article{Muller:1995rb,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Physics and signatures of the quark-gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Reports on Progress in Physics},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {611-636},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0034-4885},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9410005},
   Abstract = {This is a critical review of the various observables that
             have been proposed to signal the change from dense hadronic
             matter to a quark-gluon plasma at high temperature or baryon
             density. I discuss current models of quark-gluon plasma
             formation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions and analyse
             the virtues and ambiguities of various signatures.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0034-4885/58/6/002},
   Key = {Muller:1995rb}
}

@article{Schramm:1995cd,
   Author = {Schramm, AJ and Müller, B},
   Title = {Pion fusion in peripheral pp collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {6616-6619},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9410402},
   Abstract = {We estimate the cross section for quasielastic double pion
             exchange in high energy proton-proton collisions. Total and
             elastic ππ cross sections are calculated in an equivalent
             pion approximation, with pion-baryon vertices taken from
             chiral perturbation theory. © 1995 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.52.6616},
   Key = {Schramm:1995cd}
}

@article{Levai:1995dx,
   Author = {Lévai, P and Müller, B and Wang, X-N},
   Title = {Open charm production in an equilibrating parton
             plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {51},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {3326-3335},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9412352},
   Abstract = {Open charm production during the equilibration of a gluon
             dominated parton plasma is calculated, with both the
             time-dependent temperature and parton densities given by a
             set of rate equations. Including prethermal production, the
             total enhancement of open charm production over the initial
             gluon fusion depends sensitively on the initial parton
             density and the effective temperature. The dependence of the
             prethermal charm production on the space-momentum
             correlation in the initial parton phase-space distribution
             is also discussed. © 1995 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.51.3326},
   Key = {Levai:1995dx}
}

@article{fds247217,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Müller, B and Thoma, MH and Wang, XN},
   Title = {Parton equilibration at RHIC and LHC},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {566},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {543-546},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(94)90689-0},
   Abstract = {The processes leading to phase space equilibration of parton
             distributions in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions are
             investigated. A set of rate equations describing the
             chemical equilibration of quarks and gluons based on
             perturbative QCD including medium effects are derived, and
             their consequences for parton equilibration at RHIC and LHC
             are discussed. © 1994.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0375-9474(94)90689-0},
   Key = {fds247217}
}

@article{fds247218,
   Author = {Xin-Nian, W and Müller, B},
   Title = {D-meson as a probe of early parton rescattering},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {566},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {555-558},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {Initial parton scatterings produce a hot and dilute gluonic
             gas in high energy nuclear collisions. Pre-equilibrium gluon
             rescatterings are shown to have significant contributions to
             the charm production. In contrast to the gluon shadowing
             effect in the initial parton scattering, the enhancement of
             the final total open charm in the central region due to
             pre-equilibrium production could be used as a probe of the
             early dynamics of the partonic system. ©
             1994.},
   Key = {fds247218}
}

@article{Geiger:1994dt,
   Author = {Geiger, K and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {QCD evolution equations for high-energy partons in nuclear
             matter},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {50},
   Pages = {337-357},
   Year = {1994},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9312281},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9312281},
   Key = {Geiger:1994dt}
}

@article{Mrowczynski:1994nf,
   Author = {Mrwczyński, S and Müller, B},
   Title = {Wigner functional approach to quantum field
             dynamics},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {50},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {7542-7552},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/9405036},
   Abstract = {We introduce the Wigner functional representing a quantum
             field in terms of the field amplitudes and their conjugate
             momenta. The equation of motion for the functional of a
             scalar field points out the relevance of solutions of the
             classical field equations to the time evolution of the
             quantum field. We discuss the field in thermodynamical
             equilibrium and find the explicit solution of the equations
             of motion for the so-called rollover phase transition.
             Finally, we briefly discuss the approximate methods for the
             evaluation of the Wigner functional that may be used to
             numerically simulate the initial value problem. © 1994 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.50.7542},
   Key = {Mrowczynski:1994nf}
}

@article{Gong:1994fz,
   Author = {Gong, C and Müller, B and Biró, TS},
   Title = {Variational approach to real-time evolution of Yang-Mills
             gauge fields on the lattice},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {568},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {727-744},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-lat/9305024},
   Abstract = {Applying a variational method to a gaussian wave ansatz, we
             have derived a set of semi-classical evolution equations for
             SU(2) lattice gauge fields, which take the classical form in
             the limit of a vanishing width of the gaussian wave packet.
             These equations are used to study the quantum effects on the
             classical evolutions of the lattice gauge fields. ©
             1994.},
   Key = {Gong:1994fz}
}

@article{Biro:1994qc,
   Author = {Biro, TS and Gong, C and uuml, M and ller, B and Trayanov,
             A},
   Title = {Hamiltonian dynamics of Yang-Mills fields on a
             lattice},
   Journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. C},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {113-149},
   Year = {1994},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9306002},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/9306002},
   Key = {Biro:1994qc}
}

@article{Gong:1994bz,
   Author = {Gong, C and Matinyan, SG and uuml, M and ller, B and Trayanov,
             A},
   Title = {Manifestation of infrared instabilities in high-energy
             processes in nonAbelian gauge theories},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {49},
   Pages = {607-610},
   Year = {1994},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9310001},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/9310001},
   Key = {Gong:1994bz}
}

@article{Gavin:1994px,
   Author = {Gavin, S and Müller, B},
   Title = {Larger domains of disoriented chiral condensate through
             annealing},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {329},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {486-492},
   Year = {1994},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9312349},
   Abstract = {Relativistic heavy ion collisions can generate metastable
             domains in which the chiral condensate is disoriented.
             Nucleussizeddomains can yield measurable fluctuations in the
             number of neutral and charged pions. We propose a scenario
             in whichdomains are "annealed" by a dynamically evolving
             effective potential in the heavy ion system. Domains of
             sizes exceeding3 fm are possible in this scenario. ©
             1994.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(94)91094-4},
   Key = {Gavin:1994px}
}

@article{art109,
   Author = {Ionescu, DC and Greiner, W and Muller, B and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Collective excitations of the QED vacuum},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {854-867},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.47.854},
   Abstract = {Using relativistic Green's-function techniques we examined
             single-electron excitations from the occupied Dirac sea in
             the presence of strong external fields. The energies of
             these excited states are determined taking into account the
             electron-electron interaction. We also evaluate relativistic
             transition strengths incorporating retardation, which
             represents a direct measure of correlation effects. The
             shifts in excitation energies are computed to be lower than
             0.5%, while the correlated transition strengths never
             deviate by more than 10% from their bare values. A major
             conclusion is that we found no evidence for collectivity in
             the electron-positron field around heavy and superheavy
             nuclei. © 1993 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.47.854},
   Key = {art109}
}

@article{Biro:1993qt,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Doorn, EV and Müller, B and Thoma, MH and Wang,
             X-N},
   Title = {Parton equilibration in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {48},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {1275-1284},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9303004},
   Abstract = {We investigate the processes leading to phase-space
             equilibration of parton distributions in nuclear
             interactions at collider energies. We derive a set of rate
             equations describing the chemical equilibration of gluons
             and quarks including medium effects on the relevant QCD
             transport coefficients, and discuss their consequences for
             parton equilibration in heavy ion collisions. © 1993 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.48.1275},
   Key = {Biro:1993qt}
}

@article{Greiner:1993jn,
   Author = {Greiner, C and Gong, C and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Some remarks on pion condensation in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Phys. Lett. B},
   Volume = {316},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {226-230},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9307336},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9307336},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(93)90317-B},
   Key = {Greiner:1993jn}
}

@article{Biedenharn:1993xk,
   Author = {Biedenharn, LC and Mueller, B and Tarlini, M},
   Title = {The Dirac-Coulomb problem for the κ-Poincar e ́ quantum
             group},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {318},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {613-616},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/9310173},
   Abstract = {The recently introduced κ-Poincar e ́-Dirac equation is
             gauged to treat the κ-Dirac-Coulomb problem. For the
             resulting equation, we prove that the perturbation to first
             order in the quantum group parameter vanishes identically.
             The second order perturbation is singular, but assuming a
             heuristic cut-off allows a qualitative estimate of the
             quantum group parameter. © 1993.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(93)90462-Q},
   Key = {Biedenharn:1993xk}
}

@article{Biro:1993wg,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Müller, B},
   Title = {Magnetic screening in thermal Yang-Mills
             theories},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {561},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {477-500},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/9211011},
   Abstract = {We develop a method to calculate the density of magnetic
             monopoles in nonabelian gauge theories at finite temperature
             in the dilute gas approximation in the semiclassical limit.
             This quantity is related to the inverse magnetic screening
             length for which we obtain μM = 0.255g2T in SU(2). ©
             1993.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0375-9474(93)90061-2},
   Key = {Biro:1993wg}
}

@article{fds304588,
   Author = {Greiner, C and Gong, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {Pion condensation in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {316},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {226-230},
   Year = {1993},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(93)90317-B},
   Abstract = {Recently it was pointed out that coherent or condensated
             states of pions may account for the explanation of the
             Centauro events observed in cosmic ray showers. We argue
             that an occurence of condensed pions requires that the
             system evolves far out of thermal equilibrium. Besides an
             unusual charge ratio distribution we show that such a
             produced state also would lead to strong isospin
             correlations. © 1993.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(93)90317-B},
   Key = {fds304588}
}

@article{fds247215,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Signatures of the quark-gluon plasma},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {544},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {95-108},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(92)90567-4},
   Abstract = {I review the various observables that have been proposed as
             signals for the change in the structure of dense hadronic
             matter, when it becomes quark-gluon plasma at high
             temperature, or quark matter at high baryon density. I also
             discuss the inherent ambiguities of these signatures. ©
             1992.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0375-9474(92)90567-4},
   Key = {fds247215}
}

@article{Muller:1992xn,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Wang, X-N},
   Title = {Probing parton thermalization time with charm
             production},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {68},
   Pages = {2437-2439},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {Muller:1992xn}
}

@article{Muller:1992iw,
   Author = {Müller, B and Trayanov, A},
   Title = {Deterministic chaos in non-Abelian lattice gauge
             theory},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {23},
   Pages = {3387-3390},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   Abstract = {We present numerical evidence that the real-time Hamiltonian
             dynamics of SU(2) gauge theory on a spatial lattice exhibits
             deterministic chaos in the semiclassical limit. We determine
             the largest Lyapunov exponent of the gauge field as a
             function of energy density, and derive a nonperturbative
             expression for the thermalization time.},
   Key = {Muller:1992iw}
}

@article{Biro:1992ix,
   Author = {Biró, TS and Müller, B and Wang, X-N},
   Title = {Color screening in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {283},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {171-173},
   Year = {1992},
   Abstract = {We calculate the color screening length in a
             non-equilibrated gluon gas formed by interacting minijets in
             relativistic heavy-ion collisions. We show that that the
             screening length is too short at CERN LHC collider energy to
             permit the formation of independent flux-tubes or strings.
             The prediction for RHIC energies is somewhat
             ambiguous.},
   Key = {Biro:1992ix}
}

@article{Muller:1992qc,
   Author = {Müller, B and Thoma, MH},
   Title = {Vacuum polarization and the electric charge of the
             positron},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {3432-3434},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/9209217},
   Abstract = {We show that higher-order vacuum polarization would
             contribute a measurable net charge to atoms, if the charges
             of electrons and positrons do not balance precisely. We
             obtain the limit |Qe + Qē| < 10-18e for the sum of the
             charges of electron and positron. This also constitutes a
             new bound on certain violations of PCT invariance.},
   Key = {Muller:1992qc}
}

@article{Dean:1992vj,
   Author = {Dean, DJ and Gyulassy, M and Müller, B and Remler, EA and Strayer, MR and Umar, AS and Wu, J-S},
   Title = {Multiparticle production in lepton-nucleus collisions and
             relativistic string models},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {2066-2076},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.46.2066},
   Abstract = {Nuclear attenuation of the leading (xf>0) hadron and the
             nuclear enhancement of target fragmentation (xf<0)
             hadrons in lepton-nucleus reactions are calculated via a
             (3+1)-dimensional string-parton model. A (1+1)-dimensional
             string model is used to investigate the dependence of
             rapidity distributions on the lepton energy loss, =10100
             GeV, the atomic number, A=1200, the effective string
             tension, =0.52 GeV/fm, the string decay constant, 0=0.52
             fm/c, and the string flip cross section, lq=030 mb. The
             (3+1)-dimensional string-parton model includes inelastic
             final state cascading of produced hadrons in the nucleus. We
             show how the A dependence of hadronic production in
             lepton-nucleus collisions, especially in the xf<0 region,
             may be used to extract information on quark propagation and
             hadronization in nuclei. © 1992 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.46.2066},
   Key = {Dean:1992vj}
}

@article{Schramm:1992ex,
   Author = {Schramm, S and uuml, M and ller, B and Schramm, AJ},
   Title = {Quark - anti-quark condensates in strong magnetic
             fields},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {973-982},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {Schramm:1992ex}
}

@article{Abou-El-Naga:1992ib,
   Author = {Abou-El-Naga, N and Geiger, K and Muller, B},
   Title = {QCD phenomenology of nucleon-nucleon cross
             sections},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {797-805},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/18/5/009},
   Abstract = {The authors calculate the inclusive parton-parton cross
             section in p+p and p+p collisions in the framework of
             perturbative QCD and snow that the measured non-diffractive
             cross section requires a transverse momentum cut-off p Tmin
             of several GeV c-1 at high energy. They consider the
             implications for nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC
             energies.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/18/5/009},
   Key = {Abou-El-Naga:1992ib}
}

@article{Schramm:1992vt,
   Author = {Schramm, S and Müller, B and Schramm, AJ},
   Title = {W boson condensation in p-p collisions?},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {277},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {512-514},
   Year = {1992},
   Abstract = {We address the question of whether W± boson condensation
             can occur in high-energy collisions.},
   Key = {Schramm:1992vt}
}

@article{Schramm:1992vu,
   Author = {Schramm, S and Müller, B and Schramm, AJ},
   Title = {Exact Dirac propagator in a magnetic "sheet"},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {164},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {28-32},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {We derive the exact fermionic Green function in an idealized
             magnetic field configuration, which becomes exact in the
             infinite energy limit. The fields under consideration can be
             produced, e.g., in peripheral ultrarelativistic heavy-ion
             collisions. © 1992.},
   Key = {Schramm:1992vu}
}

@article{Geiger:1992nj,
   Author = {Geiger, K and Müller, B},
   Title = {Dynamics of parton cascades in highly relativistic nuclear
             collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics B},
   Volume = {369},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {600-654},
   Year = {1992},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {We present a fully relativistic space-time approach for the
             simulation of highly-energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions.
             The model incorporates the idea of the factorization of
             short-range parton-parton interactions and the hadronization
             process. The nuclear collisions are described by the time
             evolution of the parton distributions in phase space
             according to a relativistic transport-equation with a
             collision term that embodies the structure of parton-parton
             collisions and associated parton emission processes as
             calculated in the framework of perturbative QCD. We have
             studied A + A collisions from p + p up to 238U + 238U at
             center-of-mass energies of 100 GeV/A and 200 GeV/A. Results
             for the time evolution of parton multiplicities, transverse
             energy production, rapidity and p ⊥ distributions are
             presented.},
   Key = {Geiger:1992nj}
}

@article{fds318459,
   Author = {Geiger, K and Müller, B},
   Title = {Dynamics of parton cascades in highly relativistic nuclear
             collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {544},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {467-470},
   Year = {1992},
   Abstract = {We present a QCD based relativistic kinetic model for high
             energy nuclear colisions, which is inspired by the parton
             picture of hadronic interactions. The nuclear dynamics is
             traced back to the microscopic level of quark and gluon
             interactions in the framework of perturbative QCD. The time
             evolution of the nuclear system is described in real time by
             a relativistic transport equation for the parton
             distributions that is solved by Monte Carlo methods. ©
             1992.},
   Key = {fds318459}
}

@article{fds304587,
   Author = {Scherdin, A and Reinhardt, J and Greiner, W and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {Low-energy e+e- scattering},
   Journal = {Reports on Progress in Physics},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-52},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {0034-4885},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/54/1/001},
   Abstract = {Electron-positron scattering provides a model-independent
             test for the existence of neutral particles coupling to the
             e+e- field. This article reviews the effects of possible
             particle resonances X0 in the energy range between threshold
             and a few MeV on electron-positron scattering. The
             presentation focuses on theoretical aspects, but results of
             recent precision measurements of Bhabha scattering and e+e-
             annihilation in flight are also briefly surveyed.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0034-4885/54/1/001},
   Key = {fds304587}
}

@article{fds247212,
   Author = {Müller, B and Schramm, AJ},
   Title = {Higgs boson production in heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {525},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {373-377},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(91)90348-A},
   Abstract = {The idea of producing neutral particles via fusion of
             virtual photons accompanying ultra-relaitivistic heavy ions
             is reviewed. In particular, the possibility that such a
             mechanism could provide a method for producing and detecting
             intermediate mass Higgs bosons (MZ ≲ MH ≲ 2MW) is
             discussed. © 1991.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0375-9474(91)90348-A},
   Key = {fds247212}
}

@article{fds247213,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Strangeness in relativistic heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {527},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {617-620},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {Recently studied aspects of the production of strange
             hadrons in relativistic nuclear collisions and their
             relevance as a signature of quark-gluon plasma formation are
             reviewed. © 1991.},
   Key = {fds247213}
}

@article{Levai:1991be,
   Author = {Lévai, P and Müller, B},
   Title = {Transverse baryon flow as possible evidence for a
             quark-gluon-plasma phase},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {67},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {1519-1522},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.67.1519},
   Abstract = {In order to investigate the coupling between collective flow
             of nucleons and pions in hot pion-dominated hadronic matter,
             we calculate the pion-nucleon drag coefficient in linearized
             transport theory. We find that the characteristic time for
             flow equalization is longer than the time scale of the
             expansion of a hardonic fireball created in high-energy
             collisions. The analysis of transverse-momentum data from
             p+p collisions at s =1.8 TeV reveals the same flow velocity
             for mesons and antinucleons. We argue that this may be
             evidence for the formation of a quark-gluon plasma in these
             collisions. © 1991 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.67.1519},
   Key = {Levai:1991be}
}

@article{art108,
   Author = {Plunien, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Nuclear polarization in heavy atoms and superheavy
             quasiatoms},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {5853-5866},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.43.5853},
   Abstract = {We consider the contribution of nuclear polarization to the
             Lamb shift of K- and L-shell electrons in heavy atoms and
             quasiatoms. Our formal approach is based on the concept of
             effective photon propagators with nuclear-polarization
             insertions treating effects of nuclear polarization on the
             same footing as usual QED radiative corrections. We
             explicitly derive the modification of the photon propagator
             for various collective nuclear excitations and calculate the
             corresponding effective self-energy shift perturbatively.
             The energy shift of the 1s1/2 state in U92238 due to virtual
             excitation of nuclear rotational states is shown to be a
             considerable correction for atomic high-precision
             experiments. In contrast to this, nuclear-polarization
             effects are of minor importance for Lamb-shift studies in
             Pb82208. © 1991 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.43.5853},
   Key = {art108}
}

@article{Scherdin:1991xy,
   Author = {Scherdin, A and Reinhardt, J and Greiner, W and uuml, M and ller,
             B},
   Title = {Low-energy e+ e- scattering},
   Journal = {Rept. Prog. Phys.},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-52},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {0034-4885},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/54/1/001},
   Abstract = {Electron-positron scattering provides a model-independent
             test for the existence of neutral particles coupling to the
             e+e- field. This article reviews the effects of possible
             particle resonances X0 in the energy range between threshold
             and a few MeV on electron-positron scattering. The
             presentation focuses on theoretical aspects, but results of
             recent precision measurements of Bhabha scattering and e+e-
             annihilation in flight are also briefly surveyed.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0034-4885/54/1/001},
   Key = {Scherdin:1991xy}
}

@article{Muller:1991sg,
   Author = {Müller, B and Schramm, AJ},
   Title = {Higgs boson production in peripheral heavy-ion collisions.
             Coherent double-pomeron exchange},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {523},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {677-693},
   Year = {1991},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {Higgs boson production by coherent double-pomeron exchange
             in peripheral nuclear collisions at energies of several TeV
             per nucleon is calculated. It is shown that a trigger on
             quasi-elastic nuclear collisions strongly suppresses the
             cross section. The analogous two-photon process is predicted
             to dominate for collisions of heavy nuclei. ©
             1991.},
   Key = {Muller:1991sg}
}

@article{Muller:1991yz,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Schramm, S},
   Title = {Quark gluon plasma signatures?},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev.},
   Volume = {C43},
   Pages = {2791-2797},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {Muller:1991yz}
}

@article{fds322936,
   Author = {Baier, S and Martins, M and Muller, BR and Schulze, M and Zimmermann,
             P},
   Title = {Investigation of autoionizing levels in the Ag I spectrum
             populated by a combination of discharge and laser
             excitation},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {18},
   Pages = {3095-3104},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/23/18/012},
   Doi = {10.1088/0953-4075/23/18/012},
   Key = {fds322936}
}

@article{fds247210,
   Author = {Geiger, K and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {(η-η′-ι)-mixing, decay and production
             mechanisms},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik C-Particles and Fields},
   Volume = {48},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {257-271},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0170-9739},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01554474},
   Abstract = {We present a phenomenological model for meson-glueball
             mixing and apply it to the mixing of the pseudoscalar mesons
             η and η′ with the ι(1440)-particle as the prime
             candidate for a 0-+-glueball. Using the MIT bag model
             framework, our model incorporates, among other elements,
             configuration mixing effects due to virtually excited
             states, as well as mixing of quark and gluon components. We
             evaluate the portions of quark antiquark and two-gluon
             admixtures in η,η′ and ι. The results are used to study
             various decay and production processes involving these
             particles. In particular, we calculate the radiative and the
             2γ-decay widths of the light mesons and make predictions
             for the widths of the ι in these channels. Furthermore,
             production mechanisms of the light mesons in electromagnetic
             and hadronic J/ψ-decays are used to evaluate the branching
             ratios for the production of the ι in various
             J/ψ-transitions. Our results are generally in reasonable
             agreement with experimental data. Especially we predict a
             rather large width for the decay ι→ργ and a sizable
             production rate for the ι in the transition J/ψ→ωι. ©
             1990 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01554474},
   Key = {fds247210}
}

@article{Rau:1990fv,
   Author = {Rau, J and Muller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Production of supersymmetric particles in ultrarelativistic
             heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {16},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {211-220},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/16/2/010},
   Abstract = {Heavy ions with energies of some TeV per nucleon can be
             considered as carriers of intense photon fields. In
             peripheral collisions elementary particles with masses up to
             a few 100 GeV can be produced via two-photon processes. The
             authors evaluate total cross sections for the formation of
             charged supersymmetric particles, namely sleptons and winos,
             in Pb+Pb collisions. At LHC energy Eion=3.5 TeV/u and for
             rest masses of around m=50 GeV they obtain sigma (w+w-)
             sigma ((W+, w-)) approximately=10 nb and sigma (l+, l-)
             approximately=1 nb. Basic features of an impact
             parameter-dependent treatment of the production mechanism
             are discussed.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/16/2/010},
   Key = {Rau:1990fv}
}

@article{Geiger:1990fy,
   Author = {Geiger, K and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {(eta - eta-prime - iota) mixing, decay and production
             mechanisms},
   Journal = {Z. Phys. C},
   Volume = {48},
   Pages = {257-272},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {Geiger:1990fy}
}

@article{Ionescu:1990qt,
   Author = {Lonescu, DC and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Localized bound states of fermions interacting via massive
             vector bosons},
   Journal = {Journal of Mathematical Physics},
   Volume = {31},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {763-770},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0022-2488},
   Abstract = {A model for composite systems consisting of fermions with
             internal degrees of freedom interacting via intermediate
             vector bosons (IVB) is constructed. Highly localized,
             low-mass bound states are found in the Hartree-Fock
             approximation. The dependence of these states as function of
             the coupling constant and vector boson mass is investigated.
             In the limit of infinite vector boson mass the interaction
             is described by Fermi-type contact forces. © 1990 American
             Institute of Physics.},
   Key = {Ionescu:1990qt}
}

@article{Harley:1990wp,
   Author = {Harley, D and uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Muon catalyzed fusion for nuclei with Z >
             1},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {16},
   Pages = {281-294},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {Harley:1990wp}
}

@article{art107,
   Author = {Harley, D and Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Time independent description of the t(d, n)α fusion
             reaction in the presence of a muon},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {336},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {303-312},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01292861},
   Abstract = {We describe the (α n μ)-(d t μ) continuum above and below
             the d+(t μ)1s threshold using the R-matrix formalism. The
             continuum is explicitly constructed in an adiabatic
             approximation, and the asymptotic phase shifts and
             amplitudes in all channels are obtained. The energy
             eigenstates are used to compute the fusion reaction cross
             section for in-flight d+(t μ) fusion, and fusion reaction
             rates involving transitions from the d+(t μ)1s continuum to
             be below threshold continuum states. © 1990
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01292861},
   Key = {art107}
}

@article{art106,
   Author = {Rafelski, HE and Müller, B},
   Title = {PC-fortran programs for muon reactivation calculations in
             muon-cataluzed fusion},
   Journal = {Computer Physics Communications},
   Volume = {59},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {521-526},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0010-4655},
   Abstract = {The introduction of a μ- particle into a mixture of
             hydrogen isotopes brings about a repetitive cycle of
             processes leading to nuclear fusion and the release of
             energy. Sticking is one of the critical processes limiting
             the number of fusions induced by one muon during its
             lifetime. When the (αμ)+ ion created with the energy
             E=3.46 MeV is slowed down in a dense DT mixture, the muon
             can be stripped (reactivated), thus allowing the muon to
             return to the catalytic cycle. The coupled differential
             equations describing the reaction process are solved using
             the computer code as documented by L.F. Shampine and M.K.
             Gordon [Computer Solution of Ordinary Differential
             Equations, the initial value problem (Freeman, San
             Francisco, 1975)]. © 1990.},
   Key = {art106}
}

@article{Muller:1990wc,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Schramm, AJ},
   Title = {Higgs boson production to peripheral heavy ion collisions.
             1. Electromagnetic production},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev.},
   Volume = {D42},
   Pages = {3699-3704},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {Muller:1990wc}
}

@article{Augustin:1990hc,
   Author = {Augustin, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Magnetic neutrino scattering by crystals},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev.},
   Volume = {D41},
   Pages = {1683-1686},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {Augustin:1990hc}
}

@article{Sailer:1990ia,
   Author = {Sailer, K and Schönfeld, T and Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Transverse size effects in the fragmentation of hadronic
             strings},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {240},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {381-388},
   Year = {1990},
   Abstract = {The transverse momentum distribution of (anti)quarks created
             in the chromo-electric field of an infinitely long hadronic
             flux tube is derived. The effects of the finite radius of
             the hadronic strings on their fragmentation are studied
             simulating e+e- annihilation events in the framework of a
             dynamical string model that contains two parameters: the
             string tension κ=0.89 GeV/fm (determined by the Regge
             slope), and the radius of the string. It is shown that a
             string radius of about 0.5 fm allows to describe
             successfully both the width of the transverse momentum
             distribution in the low-pT region and the
             multiplicities.},
   Key = {Sailer:1990ia}
}

@article{Sailer:1990wa,
   Author = {Sailer, K and Greiner, W and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Hadronic matter in the string model},
   Journal = {Adv. Ser. Direct. High Energy Phys.},
   Volume = {6},
   Pages = {299-392},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {Sailer:1990wa}
}

@article{Schram:1990ej,
   Author = {Schram, Z and Sailer, K and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Boson interferometry in string fragmentation},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik C-Particles and Fields},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {137-139},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0170-9739},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01551924},
   Abstract = {Bose-Einstein correlation of identical pions in e+e-
             annihilation at {Mathematical expression} GeV c.m. energy is
             studied within the framework of a dynamic string model of
             hadrons. It is shown that taking Fourier transform of the
             measured correlation function is not a totally satisfactory
             method to get information on the size of the pion source. ©
             1990 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01551924},
   Key = {Schram:1990ej}
}

@article{Augustin:1990rt,
   Author = {Augustin, J and Graf, S and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Production of hypothetical, light neutral particles in
             high-energy channeling},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {336},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {353-356},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01292868},
   Abstract = {The rates for X° creation by photons and electrons
             channeling along a crystal axis are estimated. The process
             is found to depend strongly on the parameters of the crystal
             fields. Promising X° production rates can therefore be
             obtained for germanium rather than for lighter elements. ©
             1990 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01292868},
   Key = {Augustin:1990rt}
}

@article{Schenfeld:1990yu,
   Author = {Schönfeld, T and Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Sailer, K and Reinhardt, J and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Pair creation in a flux tube},
   Journal = {Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and
             High-Energy Physics},
   Volume = {247},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {5-12},
   Year = {1990},
   Abstract = {We have studied the pair creation rate in a cylindrical
             region of space with a homogeneous electric field parallel
             to the cylinder axis. MIT boundary conditions on the surface
             of the cylinder are imposed. The wave functions of the
             created particles are calculated. In the limit of the
             cylinder radius tending towards infinity, the Schwinger
             formula is reproduced. Finally, the fraction of produced
             strange particles is studied as a function of the cylinder
             radius.},
   Key = {Schenfeld:1990yu}
}

@article{Biro:1990vj,
   Author = {Biro, TS and Levai, P and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Strangeness production with 'massive' gluons},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev.},
   Volume = {D42},
   Pages = {3078-3087},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {Biro:1990vj}
}

@article{fds322937,
   Author = {Griepenkerl, K and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Electron density waves in superconducting
             matter},
   Journal = {Radiation Effects & Defects in Solids},
   Volume = {110},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {215-216},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10420158908214201},
   Doi = {10.1080/10420158908214201},
   Key = {fds322937}
}

@article{Sailer:1989eh,
   Author = {Sailer, K. and Müller, B. and Greiner,
             W.},
   Title = {Numerical simulation of the equation of state for the
             hadronic matter within the string model},
   Journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. A},
   Volume = {A},
   Pages = {437},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {Sailer:1989eh}
}

@article{art100,
   Author = {deReus, T and uuml, M and ller Nehler, U and Soff, G and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Coupled-channel results for atomic excitations in
             intermediate energy heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {40},
   Pages = {752-761},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {art100}
}

@article{art99,
   Author = {Ionescu, DC and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Reply to `Comment on Nonlinear interactions and
             poly-positronium bound states'},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {15},
   Pages = {931-932},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {art99}
}

@article{art98,
   Author = {Ionescu, DC and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Strongly bound bipositronium states in QED?},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {15},
   Pages = {L103-L108},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {art98}
}

@article{art102,
   Author = {Augustin, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Spin exchange in low energy electron-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik D-Atoms Molecules and
             Clusters},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {317-326},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0178-7683},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01429281},
   Abstract = {The elastic scattering of an electron by a hydrogenic ion of
             charge (Z-1) is investigated. For scattering energies Ekin
             in the eV region, where the Bohr-Sommerfeld parameter y is
             large compared to one, the cross section for spin exchange
             of the electrons is found to be proportional to Z-2 and
             E-1kin. Spin exchange is dominated by radiative electron
             capture for Z>25. © 1989 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01429281},
   Key = {art102}
}

@article{Neubauer:1989wr,
   Author = {Neubauer, DSKM and uuml, and ller, BS and ouml, and cker, H and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Survival of J/Psi in hadronic matter at high energy
             density},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {4},
   Pages = {1627-1634},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {Neubauer:1989wr}
}

@article{Greiner:1989ig,
   Author = {Greiner, C and Müller, B},
   Title = {Pair correlations of neutral strange particles emitted in
             relativistic heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {219},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {199-204},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {We point out the possible role of neutral strange particles
             (Λ, KoS) as probes for the size of a baryon-rich fireball
             formed in relativistic nuclear collisions. A striking
             difference in the size parameters determined by the hyperons
             on one hand, and kaons or pions on the other hand, may occur
             in the case of a phase transition to a quark-gluon plasma.
             © 1989.},
   Key = {Greiner:1989ig}
}

@article{art105,
   Author = {Sailer, K and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Numerical simulation of the equation of state for hadronic
             matter within the string model},
   Journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. A},
   Volume = {4},
   Pages = {437-449},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {art105}
}

@article{Graf:1989vw,
   Author = {Graf, S and Schramm, S and Reinhardt, J and Muller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Composite particle decay as a possible source of
             e+e- lines in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1467-1494},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/15/9/017},
   Abstract = {The authors discuss an extended particle structure whose
             decay into e +e- may be the source of the correlated
             electron-positron coincidences in heavy-ion collisions
             measured at GSI. The general properties of the particle,
             like its excitation spectrum and lifetime, are calculated.
             The production of the particle in heavy-ion collisions and
             its influence on other experiments is studied.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/15/9/017},
   Key = {Graf:1989vw}
}

@article{Rafelski:1989wq,
   Author = {Rafelski, HE and Müller, B and Rafelski, J and Trautmann, D and Viollier, RD},
   Title = {Muon reactivation in muon-catalyzed D-T fusion},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {279-338},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   Abstract = {We comprehensively reanalyze and search for the density
             dependence of the effective muon alpha sticking fraction
             ωsff observed experimentally in muon catalyzed
             deuterium-tritium fusion. In our work particular emphasis
             has been put on the density dependent dense hydrogen
             stopping power. The main technical details and improvements
             in this work are: The (αμ)+ 2s and 2p states are treated
             independently and are assigned individual reaction rates.
             The essential muonic excitation rates have been recalculated
             taking into account finite nuclear mass effects. The
             stopping power for a charged projectile in liquid heavy
             hydrogen is modified to account for dynamic screening
             effects and a density dependent effective ionization
             potential. It is shown that the medium dependent stopping
             power for the (αμ)+ ion is the crucial factor controlling
             the density dependence of the effective sticking fraction.
             It is also pointed out that the muonic helium Kα X-ray
             yield and the sticking fraction at high density can not be
             simultaneously brought into agreement with the experimental
             results without invoking novel mechanisms suppressing Stark
             mixing in the (Heμ) L-shell. © 1989.},
   Key = {Rafelski:1989wq}
}

@article{Grabiak:1989uf,
   Author = {Grabiak, M and Muller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G and Koch,
             P},
   Title = {Electroweak physics at ultrarelativistic heavy-ion
             colliders},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle
             Physics},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {L25-L30},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0954-3899},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/15/3/001},
   Abstract = {Nuclear beams with energies of several TeV per nucleon are
             considered as carriers of intense fields of photons in the
             energy range up to 100 GeV. Cross sections for intermediate
             boson and Higgs production by two-photon collisions are
             predicted to be in the nanobarn range. Production of heavy
             neutral particles in peripheral collision could be easily
             detectable because of low background.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/15/3/001},
   Key = {Grabiak:1989uf}
}

@article{art104,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, HE and Rafelski,
             J},
   Title = {Muon spectrum and convoy effects after muon catalyzed
             fusion},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {40},
   Pages = {2839-2842},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {art104}
}

@article{art103,
   Author = {Sch, and auml, and fer, ASGIPM and uuml, and ller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Atomic parity violation in U(90+)$},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {7362-7365},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.40.7362},
   Abstract = {Parity mixing of electron states should be extremely strong
             for heliumlike uranium. We calculate its size and discuss
             whether it could be determined experimentally. We analyze
             one specific scheme for such an experiment. The required
             laser intensities for two-photon spectroscopy of the 23P0-2
             1S0level splitting is of the order of 1017 W/cm2. A
             determination of parity mixing would require at least 1021
             W/cm2. © 1989 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.40.7362},
   Key = {art103}
}

@article{art101,
   Author = {Plunien, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Nuclear polarization contribution to the Lamb shift in heavy
             atoms},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {5428-5431},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.39.5428},
   Abstract = {The energy shift of the 1s1/2 state in U92238 due to virtual
             excitation of nuclear rotational modes is shown to be a
             considerable correction for atomic high-precision
             experiments. In contrast to this, nuclear polarization
             effects are of minor importance for Lamb-shift studies in
             Pb82208. © 1989 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.39.5428},
   Key = {art101}
}

@article{fds304604,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Soff, G and Indelicato, P and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Prospects for an atomic parity-violation experiment in
             U90+},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {7362-7365},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.40.7362},
   Abstract = {Parity mixing of electron states should be extremely strong
             for heliumlike uranium. We calculate its size and discuss
             whether it could be determined experimentally. We analyze
             one specific scheme for such an experiment. The required
             laser intensities for two-photon spectroscopy of the 23P0-2
             1S0level splitting is of the order of 1017 W/cm2. A
             determination of parity mixing would require at least 1021
             W/cm2. © 1989 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.40.7362},
   Key = {fds304604}
}

@article{fds247266,
   Author = {Greiner, C and Rischke, D and Rufa, M and Müller, B and Stöcker, H and Maruhn, J and Greiner, W and Koch, P and G-Reinhard,
             P},
   Title = {Strangeness and heavy ion reactions},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {479},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {295-309},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(88)90445-9},
   Abstract = {We investigate possible consequences of strangeness
             formation in heavy ion reactions at different excitation
             energies. First of all we study ground state properties of
             multi-Λ hypernuclei. They seem to have strongly enhanced
             interaction radii and could be observed and produced in
             secondary non charge changing reactions of high energy heavy
             ions. At higher energies we present nonequilibrium
             calculations for hadronisation and evolution of strange
             particles and discuss their usefulness for quark matter
             diagnostics. Furthermore, we discuss the possibility of
             multistrange quark droplet formation during the phase
             transition from quark to hadron matter. ©
             1988.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0375-9474(88)90445-9},
   Key = {fds247266}
}

@article{art97,
   Author = {Graf, S and Reinhardt, J and Müller, U and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Reus, TD and Soff, G},
   Title = {Electronic excitations in heavy ion collisions with
             sequential fission},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {329},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {365-369},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01290242},
   Abstract = {We calculate δ-electron and positron distributions
             resulting from heavy ion collisions under consideration of a
             sequential fission in the outgoing channel. The resulting
             spectra are found to be only weakly sensitive to the
             underlying dynamics of the fission process. Thus experiments
             of deep inelastic scattering provide information mainly on
             the primary reaction process. © 1988 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01290242},
   Key = {art97}
}

@article{art96,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, U and deReus, T and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Positron production in crossed beams of bare uranium
             nuclei},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {1149-1455},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.37.1449},
   Abstract = {Positron creation in crossed-beam collisions of high-energy,
             fully stripped heavy ions is investigated within the
             coupled-channel formalism. In comparison with fixed-target
             collisions of highly stripped heavy-ion projectiles positron
             production probabilities are enhanced by more than one order
             of magnitude. The increase results from the possibility to
             excite electrons from the negative energy continuum into all
             bound states. The positron spectrum is shifted towards
             higher energies because of the absence of electron
             screening. Rutherford scattering as well as nuclear
             collisions with time delay are investigated. We also discuss
             the filling of empty bound states by electrons from
             pair-production processes. © 1988 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.37.1449},
   Key = {art96}
}

@article{art95,
   Author = {Graf, O and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Angular correlations of coincident electron-positron pairs
             produced in heavy ion collisions with nuclear time
             delay},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {61},
   Pages = {2831-2834},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {art95}
}

@article{art94,
   Author = {Reus, TD and Müller-Nchler, U and Soff, G and Graf, O and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Can multiple structures in positron spectra be caused by
             atomic effects?},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik D-Atoms Molecules and
             Clusters},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {305-313},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0178-7683},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01437096},
   Abstract = {In recent experiments at least two structures have been
             detected in positron spectra from subcritical (total charge
             Z ≦ 174) heavy-ion collisions at bombarding energies
             ELab=5.7-5.9 MeV/n. The origin of these structures is
             unexplained up to now. Atomic effects have already been
             discussed as a possible source in a previous paper, where a
             schematic ansatz for the electronic transition matrix
             elements was employed. Meanwhile numerical calculations for
             K-vacancy formation also exhibited oscillations in the
             impact parameter dependence when using this ansatz. In this
             paper we report on a scaling law describing these
             oscillations. As a consequence certain subsidiary conditions
             have to be imposed on our schematic ansatz, which in turn
             yield a new understanding on eligible atomic sources for
             multiple structures in the emission spectra of positrons. ©
             1988 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01437096},
   Key = {art94}
}

@article{art93,
   Author = {Ionescu, DC and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Nonlinear extensions of the Dirac equation and their
             implications in quantum electrodynamics},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {38},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {616-620},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.38.616},
   Abstract = {We investigate the influence of additional nonlinear terms
             in the Dirac Lagrangian on strongly bound electron states in
             heavy and superheavy atoms. Upper bounds for the coupling
             constants are deduced by comparison with precision
             spectroscopy data in QED. We demonstrate that nonlinear
             interactions may cause significant modifications of electron
             binding energies in superheavy quasiatomic systems which
             would not be visible in ordinary atomic-physics
             measurements. © 1988 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.38.616},
   Key = {art93}
}

@article{Schaefer:1988pq,
   Author = {Sch, and auml, and fer, AM and uuml, and ller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Local vacuum excitations in strong electromagnetic
             fields?},
   Journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. A},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {1751-1757},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {Schaefer:1988pq}
}

@article{Koch:1988nn,
   Author = {Koch, PM and uuml, and ller, BS and ouml, and cker, H and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Antibaryon-baryon ratios as a signal for quark gluon plasma
             formation},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {737-742},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {Koch:1988nn}
}

@article{Schramm:1988np,
   Author = {Schramm, S and uuml, M and ller, B and Reinhardt, J and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Decay of a composite particle as a hypothetical explanation
             of e+ e- coincidences observed at GSI},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {783-793},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {Schramm:1988np}
}

@article{Paulus:1988rn,
   Author = {Paulus, AFM and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W and Vasak,
             D},
   Title = {Fission of heavy quarkonia in the deformed MIT-bag
             model},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {14},
   Pages = {269-285},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {Paulus:1988rn}
}

@article{Ionescu:1988vq,
   Author = {Ionescu, DC and Reinhardt, J and Muller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Nonlinear interactions and poly-positronium bound
             states},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {L143-L152},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/14/6/004},
   Abstract = {The creation of a hypothetical many-electron-positron bound
             system was suggested as a possible source of the correlated
             peaks observed in the e + and e- spectra of various
             heavy-ion collisions. A new electron-electron interaction
             was assumed, which becomes large in high-Z nuclear
             collisions. The authors investigate energy states of such
             (e+e -)n clusters, bound by scalar and vector Fermi-type
             interactions. For the bi-positronium system (e+e-) 2 they
             derive a single-particle equation employing the Hartree-Fock
             method. The required values of the coupling constants are
             found to be inconsistent with precision QED
             experiments.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/14/6/004},
   Key = {Ionescu:1988vq}
}

@article{Kim:1988kv,
   Author = {Kim, SK and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Bethe-Salpeter equation for a four fermion
             system},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {953-963},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {Kim:1988kv}
}

@article{Grabiak:1988yh,
   Author = {Grabiak, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Exclusion of quasi-bound e+ e- states
             at MeV energies within the framework of QED},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {185},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {284-300},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   Abstract = {We give general arguments that no narrow quasi-bound e+ e-
             state can exist above 2me. We extend the virial theorem of
             QED to quasi-bound states and show that corrections due to
             renormalization and due to the fact that a resonance is not
             an energy eigenstate are small. A "magnetically bound" e+ e-
             state with energy above 2me would violate this extended
             virial theorem. © 1988.},
   Key = {Grabiak:1988yh}
}

@article{Geiger:1988bt,
   Author = {Geiger, K and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Magnetic moment interactions in the e$^{-}$-e$^{+}$
             system},
   Journal = {Z. Phys. A},
   Volume = {329},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {77-88},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01294818},
   Abstract = {We have studied the possible existence of quasibound states
             of an electron-positron pair due to their magnetic
             interaction in the framework of the equations suggested by
             Barut et al. [5]. We derive radial equations for all angular
             quantum numbers of the e--e+ system and show, in detail,
             that Barut's equations doe not give a consistent, physically
             satisfactory description of positronium, except in the
             non-relativistic approximation (up to terms of order m
             α2). Moreover, we do not find evidence that the effective
             potentials occurring in the radial equations support
             magnetic resonances of the e--e+ system at short particle
             distances ("micropositronium"). © 1988
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01294818},
   Key = {Geiger:1988bt}
}

@article{Heuer:1988st,
   Author = {Heuer, R and Müller, B and Stöcker, H and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Coherent photon production in heavy-ion collisions at
             intermediate energies},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {330},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {315-318},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01294876},
   Abstract = {We have studied photon production in heavy-ion collisions at
             intermediate energies in the Molecular Dynamics approach,
             where the radiation amplitudes have been derived from the
             many-body dynamics in the classical bremsstrahlung
             formalism. This concept allows for a comparison of cross
             sections obtained by coherent and incoherent summation of
             amplitudes. The numerical results show a significant
             enhancement of the coherent cross section for photon
             energies below 40 MeV due to the dynamical influence of the
             nuclear mean field. © 1988 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01294876},
   Key = {Heuer:1988st}
}

@article{fds304601,
   Author = {Ionescu, DC and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Nonlinear extensions of the Dirac equation and their
             implications in QED},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {38},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {616-620},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.38.616},
   Abstract = {We investigate the influence of additional nonlinear terms
             in the Dirac Lagrangian on strongly bound electron states in
             heavy and superheavy atoms. Upper bounds for the coupling
             constants are deduced by comparison with precision
             spectroscopy data in QED. We demonstrate that nonlinear
             interactions may cause significant modifications of electron
             binding energies in superheavy quasiatomic systems which
             would not be visible in ordinary atomic-physics
             measurements. © 1988 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.38.616},
   Key = {fds304601}
}

@article{fds304602,
   Author = {Müller, U and Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Positron production in crossed beams of bare uranium
             nuclei},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {1449-1455},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.37.1449},
   Abstract = {Positron creation in crossed-beam collisions of high-energy,
             fully stripped heavy ions is investigated within the
             coupled-channel formalism. In comparison with fixed-target
             collisions of highly stripped heavy-ion projectiles positron
             production probabilities are enhanced by more than one order
             of magnitude. The increase results from the possibility to
             excite electrons from the negative energy continuum into all
             bound states. The positron spectrum is shifted towards
             higher energies because of the absence of electron
             screening. Rutherford scattering as well as nuclear
             collisions with time delay are investigated. We also discuss
             the filling of empty bound states by electrons from
             pair-production processes. © 1988 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.37.1449},
   Key = {fds304602}
}

@article{fds304603,
   Author = {Geiger, K and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Magnetic moment interactions in the e--e+
             system},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {329},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {77-88},
   Year = {1988},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01294818},
   Abstract = {We have studied the possible existence of quasibound states
             of an electron-positron pair due to their magnetic
             interaction in the framework of the equations suggested by
             Barut et al. [5]. We derive radial equations for all angular
             quantum numbers of the e--e+ system and show, in detail,
             that Barut's equations doe not give a consistent, physically
             satisfactory description of positronium, except in the
             non-relativistic approximation (up to terms of order m α2).
             Moreover, we do not find evidence that the effective
             potentials occurring in the radial equations support
             magnetic resonances of the e--e+ system at short particle
             distances ("micropositronium"). © 1988 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01294818},
   Key = {fds304603}
}

@article{fds322938,
   Author = {Soff, G and Schlüter, P and Reinhardt, J and Reus, TD and Wietschorke,
             K-H and Schäfer, A and Graf, S and Müller, U and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Puzzling positron peaks in heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physica Scripta: an international journal for experimental
             and theoretical physics},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {743-755},
   Year = {1987},
   Month = {November},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/36/5/002},
   Doi = {10.1088/0031-8949/36/5/002},
   Key = {fds322938}
}

@article{fds247209,
   Author = {Müller, B},
   Title = {Strange particles as signature of the quark-gluon plasma: A
             status report},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {461},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {213-224},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {The prospects of detecting the formation of a quark-gluon
             plasma in nuclear collisions at very high energy are
             reviewed. Predictions that the strange versus nonstrange
             antibaryon ratio is a good signal in the baryon-"rich"
             region are confirmed. The usefulness of this ratio in the
             baryon-free region depends on the length of the coexistence
             time of quark-gluon plasma and hadronic matter. ©
             1987.},
   Key = {fds247209}
}

@article{art92,
   Author = {Schramm, S and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Description of multi-particle cluster correlations in the
             ground state of many-body systems},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {L69-L73},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/13/5/003},
   Abstract = {A new method to describe the presence of multi-particle
             clusters in the ground state (vacuum) of a many-body system
             is presented. It relies on a unitary transformation in Fock
             space and can be used to investigate alpha -clustering in
             nuclei as well as clustering in the QCD and in the QED
             vacua.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/13/5/003},
   Key = {art92}
}

@article{art91,
   Author = {Heinz, H and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The relativistic fermi gas in a nonuniform velocity
             field},
   Journal = {Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its
             Applications},
   Volume = {140},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {567-584},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0378-4371},
   Abstract = {We review the relativistic Fermi gas in an inhomogeneous
             velocity field and calculate components of the current
             vector and the energy-momentum tensor in a comoving frame.
             We derive quantum corrections to the classical distribution
             function in the framework of the grand canonical ensemble.
             © 1987.},
   Key = {art91}
}

@article{art90,
   Author = {Danos, M and uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Comment on `Muon alpha-particle sticking probability in muon
             catalyzed fusion'},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {35},
   Pages = {2741-2743},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {art90}
}

@article{art89,
   Author = {Müller, B and Takigawa, N},
   Title = {How adiabatic is quantum tunneling?},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {173},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {163-184},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   Abstract = {We consider the coupling between collective and intrinsic
             degrees of freedom of a many-dimensional quantum system. We
             give a criterion for the validity of the adiabatic
             approximation in tunneling processes and derive an equation
             for the "lag" of the intrinsic wave function with respect to
             the adiabatic groundstate. Solutions for several simple
             cases are presented. © 1987.},
   Key = {art89}
}

@article{art88,
   Author = {Graf, O and Reinhardt, J and Reus, TD and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Angular correlations of electron-positron pairs produced in
             heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {328},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {81-84},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01295185},
   Abstract = {We investigate the strength of angular correlations between
             coincident electron-positron pairs produced in Pb + Pb
             collisions at 5.7 MeV/u. The angular correlations are
             predicted to be observable at electron energies above 200
             keV, almost independent of positron energy. © 1987
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01295185},
   Key = {art88}
}

@article{art87,
   Author = {Mehler, G and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {K-shell ionization by antiprotons},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {36},
   Pages = {1454-1457},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {art87}
}

@article{art86,
   Author = {Mehler, G and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Calculation of L3 subshell alignment within a
             coupled-state formalism},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik D-Atoms Molecules and
             Clusters},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {143-145},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0178-7683},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01436888},
   Abstract = {Theoretical results for the impact parameter dependence of
             the A20 alignment parameter are compared with experimental
             data. The calculations have been performed within a coupled
             channel formalism, using relativistic atomic wave functions
             as basis states. © 1987 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01436888},
   Key = {art86}
}

@article{art85,
   Author = {Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, U and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Positron and delta electron emission in the systems Ta + Th
             and Au + U},
   Journal = {Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter & C: Atomic,
             Molecular and Plasma Physics, Optics},
   Volume = {144},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {237-246},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0378-4363},
   Abstract = {We present theoretical positron- and δ-electron spectra for
             the sub-critical systems Ta + Th (Ztot = 163) and U + Au
             (Ztot = 171) as a function of impact parameter b and
             laboratory angle θL. For the system Ta + Th in addition the
             excitation function for dynamical positron emission in the
             vicinity of the Coulomb barrier was evaluated. Assuming the
             formation of long-lived giant nuclei, we determine the
             kinetic energy Te+ at which spontaneous positron emission
             occurs as a function of Ztot. For constant values of Te+ we
             evaluated the corresponding nuclear densities in dependence
             on the total nuclear charge. © 1987.},
   Key = {art85}
}

@article{art84,
   Author = {Schramm, S and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Electron-positron scattering matrix in supercritical
             heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {198},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {136-138},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {The scattering matrix describing the electron-positron
             excitation during a heavy-ion collision is discussed. It is
             shown that spontaneous positron emission in the presence of
             a long nuclear delay time precisely corresponds to the
             formal resonance condition of Scharf. ©
             1987.},
   Key = {art84}
}

@article{art83,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Scherdin, A and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Resonant Bhabha scattering at MeV energies},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {327},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {367-381},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01289561},
   Abstract = {We discuss, on a phenomenological level, the possible
             appearance of resonances in e++e- scattering at energies in
             the MeV region. The expected resonance cross section and
             angular distribution are examined. The observability depends
             crucially on the attainable energy resolution which is limit
             by the momentum distribution of the electrons contained in
             the target. © 1987 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01289561},
   Key = {art83}
}

@article{Tupper:1987sf,
   Author = {Tupper, G and Danos, M and Müller, B and Rafelski,
             J},
   Title = {On the detection of cosmic-background neutrinos by acoustic
             phonon scattering},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {394-396},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.35.394},
   Abstract = {We examine the possible detection of cosmic-background
             neutrinos by coherent neutrino-phonon scattering. Our
             conclusion is that at least for simple detector schemes the
             reaction rate is unobservably small. © 1987 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.35.394},
   Key = {Tupper:1987sf}
}

@article{Grabiak:1987qt,
   Author = {Grabiak, M and Staadt, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Schäfer,
             A},
   Title = {Spontaneously broken gauge theory in strong external
             fields},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {183},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {259-262},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {It was proposed in a former paper [A. Schäfer, B. Müller
             and W. Greiner, Phys. Lett. B 149 (1984) 455] that in strong
             fields the VEV of a Higgs field can become space and time
             dependent and that the Goldstone boson might become visible.
             As an example the Glashow-Salam-Weinberg (GSW) in a strong
             electromagnetic field was discussed. A careful analysis,
             however, shows that this process is not possible unless the
             strength of the electric field is of the same order of
             magnitude as the mass of the heavy vector bosons W and Z
             which is about 80 GeV. The basic reason for this that a
             space-dependent Higgs vacuum which is needed in order to
             screen the electric field physically corresponds to a
             W-field. Because of the large mass of the W-boson this field
             cannot be excited unless the strength of the electric field
             is of the same order of magnitude as the mass of the
             W-boson. © 1987.},
   Key = {Grabiak:1987qt}
}

@article{Schaefer:1987sk,
   Author = {Sch, and auml, and fer, AM and uuml, and ller, B and Reinhardt,
             J},
   Title = {Consequences of a hypothetical light vector boson in nuclear
             decays},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {2},
   Pages = {159-162},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {Schaefer:1987sk}
}

@article{Plunien:1987fr,
   Author = {Plunien, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Casimir energy at finite temperature},
   Journal = {Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its
             Applications},
   Volume = {145},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {202-219},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0378-4371},
   Abstract = {We derive an integral representation for the temperature
             corrections to the Casimir effect between perfectly
             conducting parallel plates placed in the electromagnetic
             field for arbitrary dimension. The representation has the
             advantage that dependence upon the external constraints and
             thermal effects enter separately. The so-called mode sum
             function carrying the dependence on the boundaries is
             closely connected with the mode number density which is
             derived explicitly for the parallel plate configuration. The
             relation to local Green function methods is also pointed
             out. © 1987.},
   Key = {Plunien:1987fr}
}

@article{Stahl:1987xw,
   Author = {Stahl, T and Uhlig, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Vasak,
             D},
   Title = {Pion and photon bremsstrahlung in a heavy ion reaction model
             with friction},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {327},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {311-322},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01284455},
   Abstract = {Based on a classical dynamical model of nuclear motion with
             a velocity dependent friction force we calculate pionic and
             electromagnetic bremsstrahlung emitted in heavy ion
             collisions with bombarding energies between 20 and 84 MeV/n.
             For arbitrary projectile-target combinations and with a
             fixed value of the only parameter of the model, the friction
             coefficient κ, our calculations reproduce the observed beam
             energy and target mass dependence for pions. The gamma
             yields, calculated with the same value of κ, reproduce the
             measured dependence of the cross-section on energy and
             target mass, but underestimate the published data by a
             factor two. This is a good agreement in view of the
             discrepancies between different experimental groups. © 1987
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01284455},
   Key = {Stahl:1987xw}
}

@article{fds247175,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {Strangeness Production in the Quark-Gluon
             Plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {56},
   Number = {21},
   Pages = {2334-2334},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.2334},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.2334},
   Key = {fds247175}
}

@article{fds247265,
   Author = {Müller, B and Reinhardt, J and Greiner, W and Schäfer,
             A},
   Title = {Erratum: Is there a tightly bound poly-positronium state?
             (Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics (1986) 12
             (L109-L112))},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {477-},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/12/5/511},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/12/5/511},
   Key = {fds247265}
}

@article{art82,
   Author = {Sch, and auml, and fer, A and M, and uuml, and ller,
             B},
   Title = {Bounds on the fractal dimension of space},
   Journal = {J. Phys. A},
   Volume = {19},
   Pages = {3891-3902},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {art82}
}

@article{art81,
   Author = {Danos, M and uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Detuning reduction of muon sticking in resonant
             muon-catalyzed d-t fusion},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {34},
   Pages = {3642-3645},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {art81}
}

@article{art80,
   Author = {Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {A new scaling law for electron emission in
             intermediate-energy heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {169},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {139-142},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {A new scaling law is presented for the emission of electrons
             in intermediate-energy heavy ion collisions. An improved
             formula is obtained which correctly describes electron
             emission also in the limit of very short nuclear stopping
             times τ. In this limit the intensity falls off with the
             fourth power of the kinetic energy Ee - of the emitted
             electrons. © 1986.},
   Key = {art80}
}

@article{art79,
   Author = {Kirsch, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {MO-radiation interference phenomena as a "clock" for nuclear
             reaction times},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik D-Atoms Molecules and
             Clusters},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {47-50},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0178-7683},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01384657},
   Abstract = {Molecular orbital K x-rays emitted during Pb+Pb collisions
             are investigated. Two results are presented: A slight
             filling up of the minimum observed in the differential
             radiation cross-section is given by radiative transitions
             from the M-shell to the L-shell. The minima are shifted with
             increasing nuclear contact times to higher photon energies.
             The observation of the shift allows the estimation of the
             sticking time. © 1986 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01384657},
   Key = {art79}
}

@article{art78,
   Author = {Sch, MWEMJDDKSDWSFSDRMBEM and auml, and fer, A and M, and uuml, and ller, B},
   Title = {Search for correlated narrow-peak structure in the
             two-photon spectrum from 6-MeV/nucleon U+Th
             collisions},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {57},
   Pages = {2139-2142},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {art78}
}

@article{art77,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Models for new particle production in nuclear
             collisions},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {324},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {243-259},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01294578},
   Abstract = {Following up our earlier work and also stimulated by recent
             experimental results on positron production in heavy ion
             collisions we investigate various mechanisms for the
             production of a light, previously unknown particle in such
             collisions. As more conventional mechanisms seem to be
             inadequate we concentrate on processes directly or
             indirectly connected with the strong electric or magnetic
             fields and quark degrees of freedom in nuclei. We also
             consider modifications of the color confinement scheme. Our
             analysis is confined to schemes staying within the framework
             of the standard SU(3)c ×SU(2)×U(1) model. Since most of
             the possibilities discussed can be rejected, severe
             modifications of basic concepts of particle physics seem to
             be required if the production of a new particle is
             confirmed. © 1986 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01294578},
   Key = {art77}
}

@article{art76,
   Author = {Müller, U and Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Systematics of spontaneous positron lines},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {323},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {261-274},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01283784},
   Abstract = {Dynamical and spontaneous positron emission are investigated
             for heavy-ion collisions with long time delay using a
             semiclassical description. Numerical results and analytical
             expressions for the characteristic quantities of the
             resulting spontaneous positron line, i.e., its position,
             width, and cross section, are compared. The expected
             behaviour of the line position and cross section and its
             visibility against the spectrum of dynamically created
             positrons is discussed in dependence on the united charge Zu
             of projectile and target nucleus in a range of systems from
             Zu=180 up to Zu=188. The results are confronted with
             presently available experimental data, and possible
             implications on further experiments are worked out. © 1986
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01283784},
   Key = {art76}
}

@article{art75,
   Author = {Schramm, S and Reinhardt, J and Müller, U and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Positron line structures in U-U collisions},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {323},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {275-280},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01283785},
   Abstract = {U-U collisions at energies near the Coulomb barrier are
             discussed. A quantum mechanical treatment of nuclear motion
             including the influence of quasibound states in a pocket of
             the scattering potential is developed. Positron emission
             probabilities are calculated exhibiting a sharp line due to
             the decay of a hole in the supercritical 1 s-state. In
             addition conversion processes and multiple pockets in the
             potential creating sidebands in the spectrum are computed.
             © 1986 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01283785},
   Key = {art75}
}

@article{Rafelski:1986hf,
   Author = {Koch, P and Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Strangeness production and evolution in quark gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei},
   Volume = {324},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {453-463},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0930-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01290929},
   Abstract = {The formation and evolution of strange quarks in quark gluon
             plasma is studied assuming perturbative QCD and qualitative
             models of plasma phase expansion. Chemical equilibrium
             abundance characteristic of the hottest and densest phase of
             nuclear collisions is proven to survive the process of
             expansion and cooling of the plasma. © 1986
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01290929},
   Key = {Rafelski:1986hf}
}

@article{Muller:1986hy,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Production of light pseudoscalar particles in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {34},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {2896-2899},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.34.2896},
   Abstract = {We calculate the cross section for the production of a
             hypothetical light neutral pseudoscalar particle in
             heavy-ion collisions due to the two-photon process. For an
             inverse coupling strength f in the 100-GeV range we predict
             a cross section of 10-14 fm2 for production of a particle
             with 1.5-MeV mass. For the maximal allowed coupling f=5 MeV
             and an effective reduction of the particle mass due to
             binding the cross section may reach in to the b range. ©
             1986 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.34.2896},
   Key = {Muller:1986hy}
}

@article{Koch:1986ud,
   Author = {Koch, P and Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Strangeness in relativistic heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Reports},
   Volume = {142},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {167-262},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0370-1573},
   Abstract = {Abundances of strange antibaryons formed in nuclear
             collisions at above 10 GeV/A are considered as a most
             accessible diagnostic tool for the study of the possible
             formation and physical properties of the quark-gluon plasma
             phase of hadronic matter. In this report we describe the
             current status and develop a dynamical approach in order to
             describe strange particle formation in nuclear collisions at
             high energy. © 1986.},
   Key = {Koch:1986ud}
}

@article{Reinhardt:1986rj,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Phenomenological consequences of a hypothetical light
             neutral particle in heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {194-207},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.33.194},
   Abstract = {We discuss the possibility that the line structure observed
             in the spectrum of the positrons produced in heavy ion
             collisions is due to the decay of a new neutral elementary
             particle. We argue that this can be ruled out unless one is
             willing to accept fine tuning of parameters, or to assume
             the dominance of nonlinear effects. © 1986 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.33.194},
   Key = {Reinhardt:1986rj}
}

@article{Plunien:1986ca,
   Author = {Plunien, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The Casimir effect},
   Journal = {Physics Reports},
   Volume = {134},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {87-193},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0370-1573},
   Abstract = {This report gives an introduction to the Casimir effect in
             quantum field theory and its applications. The interaction
             between the vacuum of a quantized field and an external
             boundary or a classical external field is investigated
             laying particular emphasis on Casimir's concept of
             measurable change in the vacuum energy. The various methods
             for evaluation and regularization of the Casimir energy are
             discussed in detail for specific field configurations.
             Recent applications of the Casimir effect in supercritical
             fields, QCD bag models and electromagnetic media are
             reviewed. © 1986.},
   Key = {Plunien:1986ca}
}

@article{Muller:1986ch,
   Author = {Müller, B and Reinhardt, J},
   Title = {Comment on "production mechanisms for a new neutral particle
             below 2 MeV"},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {56},
   Number = {19},
   Pages = {2108-},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.2108},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.2108},
   Key = {Muller:1986ch}
}

@article{Schafer:1986js,
   Author = {Sch, and auml, and fer, ARJGW and M, and uuml, and ller,
             B},
   Title = {Elementary light neutral bosons: New limits from precision
             experiments},
   Journal = {Mod. Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {1-7},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {Schafer:1986js}
}

@article{Muller:1986kg,
   Author = {Müller, B and Reinhardt, J and Greiner, W and Schafer,
             A},
   Title = {Is there a tightly bound poly-positronium
             state?},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {L109-L112},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/12/4/002},
   Abstract = {The authors suggest that a system containing several
             electron-positron pairs (an 'e+e- droplet') could be highly
             localised and tightly bound if there exists a many-body
             force of short range acting between leptons. Such a state
             could have properties required to explain the results of
             recent electron-positron coincidence experiments at
             GSI.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/12/4/002},
   Key = {Muller:1986kg}
}

@article{Grabiak:1986si,
   Author = {Grabiak, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Geometrical properties of gauge theories},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {172},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {213-242},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   Abstract = {We calculate the metric of the orbit space in the free
             Yang-Mills theory and in scalar electrodynamics. From this
             metric we derive the curvature of the orbit space. We
             examine singular points where the curvature is ill defined.
             Finally we discuss the relation of the metric to the
             topological properties of the orbit space and the instanton
             solution. © 1986.},
   Key = {Grabiak:1986si}
}

@article{Muller:1986bt,
   Author = {M, and uuml, and ller, B and Sch, and auml, and fer,
             A},
   Title = {Improved bounds on the dimension of space-time},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {56},
   Pages = {1215-1218},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {Muller:1986bt}
}

@article{fds247203,
   Author = {Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Müller, U and Soff, G},
   Title = {Delta electron emission as an atomic clock in deep-inelastic
             and intermediate energy heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {57-75},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   Abstract = {We investigate the spectra of electrons which are emitted
             during heavy ion collisions, traditionally denoted as
             δ-electrons. The slope in the kinetic energy distribution
             of ejected δ-electrons provides a finger-print of the
             occuring delay and deceleration times of the underlying
             deep-inelastic and intermediate energy collisions on the
             time scale 10-21 - 10-24s. © 1985.},
   Key = {fds247203}
}

@article{fds247204,
   Author = {Fink, J and Maruhn, JA and Müller, B and Müller, U and Neise, L and Reinhardt, J and Reus, TD and Schäfer, A and Schlüter, P and Schmidt,
             W and Schramm, S and Soff, G and Vasak, D and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {The decay of the vacuum in supercritical fields of giant
             nuclear systems},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {1-55},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   Abstract = {The structure of the vacuum has become of general importance
             in modern physics. In this context the vacuum of quantum
             electrodynamics plays a special role because it changes
             drastically in strong external electric fields and these
             changes can be followed in a controllable way in the
             laboratory. It is reviewed how in supercritical electric
             fields the electron-positron-vacuum, i.e., the ground state
             of QED is changing from a neutral to a charged vacuum. The
             theoretical concepts, developed during the last 15 years,
             can be tested in collisions of very heavy ions, like U+U,
             U+Cm, etc. The important theoretical and experimental stages
             are described; in particular it is shown that the vacuum
             decay might have recently been experimentally verified:
             Sharp line structures in the positron spectra with
             pronounced threshold effects are the signals of this
             fundamental phase transition. Furthermore, the observed
             γ-ray and δ-electron spectra, the non-appearance of a
             massive line structure in undercritical systems like U+Ta
             and the quantitative understanding of the innershell
             ionization phenomena in giant quasimolecules (their
             agreement with theoretical predictions) give confidence into
             this interpretation. At the same time the position line
             structures possibly indicate the existence of rather long
             living giant nuclear system with Z ∼ 180-190. It is shown
             that most likely giant nuclear molecules have been formed as
             doorway states, but that other new not yet completely
             understood nuclear structure of giant complexes is
             indicated. The structure of the giant complexes can
             eventually be investigated spectroscopically by the
             positrons from the vacuum: The positron spectrum should not
             only show the vacuum decay line, but also Raman and Stokes
             satellites revealing the nuclear collective modes of the
             giant system formed. Various minima in the collective
             potential of giant systems should reveal the vacuum decay
             and their own local nuclear structure through corresponding
             classes of positron lines. The seemingly constancy with (ZT
             + ZP) of the principal positron line structure observed so
             far could indicate the formation of always the same giant
             object. Other possibilities to explain this effect (vacuum
             vibrations, excitation of the same nuclear mode in various
             giant systems and its supercritical conversion) are also
             discussed. In particular, the possibility of the creation
             and decay of a yet unknown particle causing constant
             positron line structure is shown to be in contradiction with
             atomic precision experiments. Finally the overcritical
             phenomenon in other areas of physics (e.g., overcritical
             gluo-electric fields, overcritical gravitational fields) is
             shortly discussed. © 1985.},
   Key = {fds247204}
}

@article{fds247205,
   Author = {Müller, B and Ottinger, C and Yang, M},
   Title = {Lα emission from collisional excitation of H
             Atoms by threshold energy Ar+
             ions},
   Volume = {320},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {61-69},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01411926},
   Abstract = {In a specially designed collision chamber, H atoms produced
             by a microwave discharge were excited into the 2 p state by
             impact of Ar+ ions in a beam. A degree of dissociation up to
             η=94% was measured at the exit of the microwave source,
             although in the center of the collision cell η is smaller,
             with a lower limit of 33 %. The effect of vibrational
             excitation of H2 by the discharge and the resulting
             difficulties of measuring η are discussed. The cross
             section for Lα emission increases linearly from the
             threshold, at 10.2 eVCM, to 17.1 eVCM. The absolute cross
             section at this energy is 1.5·10-17 cm2 for η=33% (with a
             minimum of 0.6·10-17 cm2, for the maximum possible η). The
             absence of an activation barrier rules out some features
             shown by an earlier ab initio calculation. © 1985
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01411926},
   Key = {fds247205}
}

@article{fds247206,
   Author = {Soff, G and Müller, U and Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Atomic excitations in supercritical fields of giant nuclear
             systems},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
   Volume = {10-11},
   Number = {PART 1},
   Pages = {214-218},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0168-583X},
   Abstract = {Theoretical results for the δ-electron distribution and
             positron emission in superheavy systems are compared with
             recent experimental data. Special emphasis is laid on atomic
             excitations in deep inelastic nuclear collisions. It is
             demonstrated that the study of heavy-ion collisions with
             nuclear time delay promises a clear signature for the
             spontaneous positron emission. Corresponding experimental
             results show evidence for this transition from the neutral
             vacuum to a charged ground state and for the existence of
             long living nuclear molecules. © 1985.},
   Key = {fds247206}
}

@article{fds247207,
   Author = {Soff, G and Müller, U and Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Superheavy quasi-atoms and quantum electrodynamics in strong
             fields},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {747-752},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0168-583X},
   Abstract = {Distinct peak structures have been observed in spectra of
             positrons emitted in collisions of very heavy ions such as
             U-Th, U-U, Th-Cm and U-Cm. Characteristic features of these
             structures are discussed and confronted with our theoretical
             results. It is argued that this experimental finding could
             be associated with the spontaneous positron emission in the
             strong Coulomb field of giant nuclear molecules. ©
             1985.},
   Key = {fds247207}
}

@article{fds247208,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Dirakovskiye chastitsy v polye magnitnykh monopolyei i
             silyanykh Elyektrichyeskikh zaryadov},
   Journal = {Il Nuovo Cimento A Series 10},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {437-451},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0369-3546},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02884096},
   Abstract = {The field of a magnetic pointlike monopole acts in a similar
             way on a charged Dirac particle as the field of a very
             strong electric point charge. To explore this parallel we
             construct a field solution for an extended magnetic-charge
             distribution. In contrast to what is found for extended
             electric charges, the Hamiltonian remains non-self-adjoint
             for an extended magnetic monopole. This suggests that there
             exists a fundamental difference between the two cases. In
             particular, the appearance of undefined states for point
             monopoles is not a consequence of the mere strength of the
             magnetic-monopole charge, which has a minimum value fixed by
             Dirac's quantization condition. © 1985 Società Italiana di
             Fisica.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF02884096},
   Key = {fds247208}
}

@article{art74,
   Author = {Bosch, F and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Positron production in heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Prog. Part. Nucl. Science},
   Volume = {16},
   Pages = {195-241},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {art74}
}

@article{art72,
   Author = {Mehler, G and Reus, TD and Müller, U and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {Coupled state analysis of electron excitations in asymmetric
             collision systems},
   Journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section
             A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated
             Equipment},
   Volume = {240},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {559-566},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0168-9002},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0168-9002(85)90682-5},
   Abstract = {A coupled channel formalism is presented, using relativistic
             basis states of the target atom. Screening effects are
             incorporated by means of an effective potential of the
             Hartree-Fock-Slater type. Relativistic wave packets are
             employed for the description of the continuum. The impact
             parameter dependence of the K-hole production in p-Ag
             collisions is calculated, including quadrupole contributions
             of the projectile Coulomb potential. The results are
             compared with experimental data. © 1985.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0168-9002(85)90682-5},
   Key = {art72}
}

@article{art71,
   Author = {Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Müller, U and Soff, G and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Electromagnetic probes of nuclear collisions at intermediate
             energy},
   Volume = {321},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {589-592},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01432434},
   Abstract = {We show that emission of high-energy electrons and photons
             in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies is sensitive
             to the space-time evolution of the reaction. The electron
             and photon spectra measure related but complementary
             quantities connected with the nuclear charge distribution.
             We show that at 60 MeV/u beam energy production of 50 MeV
             electrons is predicted to measurable probability. © 1985
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01432434},
   Key = {art71}
}

@article{art70,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Comment on "new atomic mechanism for positron production in
             heavy-ion collisoins"},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {134-},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.134},
   Abstract = {A Comment on the Letter by W. Lichten and A. Robatino, Phys.
             Rev. Lett. 54, 781 (1985). © 1985 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.134},
   Key = {art70}
}

@article{Rafelski:1985pb,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {Muon sticking in muon catalysed doorway D-T
             fusion},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {164},
   Number = {4-6},
   Pages = {223-227},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {Loss of muons due to capture (sticking) by the α-particle
             formed in a muon catalysed D-T fusion process driven by the
             intermediate nuclear resonant state in 5He( 3 2+) is
             investigated. Depending on the properties of the resonant
             doorway state, the muon sticking probability can be somewhat
             greater or significantly smaller than the value ≲1%
             obtained under the hypothesis that the nuclear D-T
             interaction is independent of relative momentum. ©
             1985.},
   Key = {Rafelski:1985pb}
}

@article{Schafer:1985fg,
   Author = {Sch, and auml, and fer, AM and uuml, and ller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Dirac particles in the field of magnetic monopoles and of
             strong electric charges},
   Journal = {Nuovo Cim. A},
   Volume = {89},
   Pages = {437-451},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {Schafer:1985fg}
}

@article{Schafer:1985eu,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Hartree-Fock-calculation of parity-violation in
             cesium},
   Volume = {322},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {539-545},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01415132},
   Abstract = {We present a relativistic Hartree-Fock calculation of the
             parity violating E1-matrixelement of the 6 s↔7 s
             transition in cesium. Our result E1= -8.4·10-12iea0 for
             sin2θw = 0.22 is in good agreement with the experimental
             value. We also give a general discussion of the consequences
             of a violation of discrete symmetries for the solutions of
             the Dirac equation. © 1985 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01415132},
   Key = {Schafer:1985eu}
}

@article{Vasak:1985dd,
   Author = {Vasak, D and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Pion and gamma-ray bremsstrahlung in nuclear collisions at
             intermediate energies},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {11},
   Pages = {1309-1322},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {Vasak:1985dd}
}

@article{Schafer:1985qb,
   Author = {Schafer, A and Reinhardt, J and Muller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Is there evidence for the production of a new particle in
             heavy-ion collisions?},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {L69-L74},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/11/5/001},
   Abstract = {The possibility of the production of a new neutral
             elementary particle in heavy-ion collisions is
             discussed.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/11/5/001},
   Key = {Schafer:1985qb}
}

@article{Muller:1985my,
   Author = {Müller, B and Eisenberg, JM},
   Title = {Quark-gluon plasma cooling through pion emission in a chiral
             bag model},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics A},
   Volume = {435},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {791-809},
   Year = {1985},
   ISSN = {0375-9474},
   Abstract = {A hypothetical quark-gluon plasma is described as a large
             bag, filled with quarks, antiquarks, and gluons, of radius R
             ∼ 2-6 fm and temperature T ∼ 100-250 MeV. We consider
             the cooling of this plasma through pion emission at the bag
             surface in a chiral-model approach. Comparison is made
             between results for a large, spherical bag and a model in
             the limit in which the plasma fills half of space and pion
             emission is across a planar interface. We find a rather low
             initial cooling rate per unit surface area for this
             mechanism, of roughly (10-100) × 1023 MeV/fm2.s. This rate
             per unit surface becomes independent of R for R ≥ 3 fm,
             and, because of the nature of the coupling in the chiral bag
             model, varies with temperature as T6. ©
             1985.},
   Key = {Muller:1985my}
}

@article{art69,
   Author = {Vasak, DGWM and uuml, and ller, BST and Uhlig, M},
   Title = {Pionic bremsstrahlung in heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Nucl. Phys. A},
   Volume = {428},
   Pages = {291c-304c},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {art69}
}

@article{art68,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Vasak, D and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Electric and magnetic polarizability of the nucleon in the
             MIT bag model},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {143},
   Number = {4-6},
   Pages = {323-325},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(84)91474-6},
   Abstract = {The electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the proton and
             neutron are calculated in the framework of the MIT bag
             model. Neglecting vacuum-polarization we get αp = αn =
             10.8 × 10-4 fm3, βp = 2.3 × 10-4 fm3 and βn = 1.5 ×
             10-4 fm3, in good agreement with experiment. The
             difficulties in treating the vacuum-polarization consistenly
             are discussed. It is argued that the polarizabilities may
             offer a possibility to measure the effective size of nucleon
             bags inside of nuclei. © 1984.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(84)91474-6},
   Key = {art68}
}

@article{art67,
   Author = {Müller, U and Soff, G and Reinhardt, J and Reus, TD and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Electron emission and positron production in deep inelastic
             heavy-ion reactions},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1199-1207},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.30.1199},
   Abstract = {Atomic excitations are used to obtain information on the
             course of a nuclear reaction. Employing a semiclassical
             picture we calculate the emission of δ electrons and
             positrons in deep inelastic nuclear reactions for the
             example of U+U collisions incorporating nuclear trajectories
             resulting from two different nuclear friction models. The
             emission spectra exhibit characteristic deviations from
             those expected for elastic Coulomb scattering. The
             theoretical probabilities are compared with recent
             experimental data by Backe et al. A simple model is used to
             estimate the influence of a threebody breakup of the
             compound system upon atomic excitations. © 1984 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.30.1199},
   Key = {art67}
}

@article{art66,
   Author = {Heinz, U and Müller, U and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Time structure and atomic excltation spectra in heavy-ion
             collisions with nuclear contact},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {158},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {476-512},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   Abstract = {From a quantum mechanical model for quasielastic nuclear
             scattering, employing a pocket in the internuclear potential
             at close distances, a distribution of nuclear delay times is
             derived. The influence of this time structure on atomic
             excitation spectra is demonstrated using positron emission
             from supercritical collisions as an example. In a narrow
             regime of beam energies close to the Coulomb barrier, a
             considerable probability for collisions with long nuclear
             delay times is found, associated with a sharp peak in the
             positron spectrum which is due to enhanced spontaneous
             positron production. It is pointed out that quasielastic
             nuclear scattering alone cannot account for the absolute
             numbers of spontaneous positrons as extracted from recent
             experiments. A possible generalization of the theory to
             include inelastic nuclear processes is briefly discussed. ©
             1984.},
   Key = {art66}
}

@article{art65,
   Author = {Heinz, U and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Pinkston,
             WT},
   Title = {Nuclear time delay in resonant heavy ion
             collisions},
   Volume = {316},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {341-344},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01439906},
   Abstract = {From a quantum mechanical model for quasielastic nuclear
             scattering, involving a pocket in the internuclear
             potential, we derive a distribution of nuclear delay times.
             We show that coherent excitation of states in a rotational
             band of nuclear resonances leads to a lighthouse effect in
             the nuclear scattering cross section. Its influence on
             atomic excitations is shortly discussed for the case of
             positron creation in supercritical heavy ion collisions. ©
             1984 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01439906},
   Key = {art65}
}

@article{art64,
   Author = {Reus, THJD and Reinhardt, J and Muller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G and Muller, U},
   Title = {The influence of electron-electron interaction on
             inner-shell excitation processes in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Journal of the Physics B: Atomic and Molecular
             Physics},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {615-640},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0022-3700},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3700/17/4/017},
   Abstract = {The authors present calculations of electron excitation
             rates in heavy-ion collisions, in which the
             electron-electron interaction is treated within a
             relativistic self-consistent field approach. In comparison
             with earlier calculations neglecting electron shielding, the
             authors obtain increased probabilities for K-hole and delta
             -electron production, whereas the total positron yield
             decreases. Computed probabilities are compared with
             available experimental data.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0022-3700/17/4/017},
   Key = {art64}
}

@article{Schafer:1984pw,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Spontaneous symmetry breaking in the presence of strong
             fields},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {149},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {455-458},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {We analyse the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking
             in the presence of external sources, concentrating on the
             question whether these sources can lead to a change of the
             vacuum expectation value of the Higgs field. We discuss in
             particular how the meaning of the Higgs-Kibble mechanisms is
             modified by such a vacuum change. The consequences of the
             presence of a strong electric charge are investigated in the
             framework of the Glashow-Salam-Weinberg model. Finally we
             discuss the possibility of actually observing this process.
             © 1984.},
   Key = {Schafer:1984pw}
}

@article{Klevansky:1984by,
   Author = {Klevansky, SP and Muller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {On the fission mechanism of an ellipsoidal MIT
             bag},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {1487-1505},
   Year = {1984},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/10/11/006},
   Abstract = {The single-particle spectrum of a light quark moving in the
             field generated by a heavy quark-antiquark pair placed at
             the foci of an ellipsoidal bag is calculated in a
             variational approach. Residual interactions due to gluon
             exchange are accounted for in the random phase approximation
             (RPA). It is shown that the Tamm-Dancoff approximation (TDA)
             corresponding to the traditional semiclassical approach for
             a spherical cavity is inadequate for alpha s=2.2. In the
             spherical limit of an empty bag, the mass of the pion is
             underestimated in the RPA (85 MeV) as compared with an
             overestimate in the TDA (280 MeV). The RPA becomes unstable
             at a fixed deformation of the bag, for a constant value of
             alpha s. Employing Green function techniques, we show that
             this is an artefact signalling a phase transition from a
             filled Fermi vacuum to a correlated one. The presence of
             real quark-antiquark pairs within the ground state is
             interpreted as a signal that fission may
             occur.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/10/11/006},
   Key = {Klevansky:1984by}
}

@article{art63,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Müller,
             U},
   Title = {Description of atomic excitations in heavy-ion
             reactions},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {2558-2561},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.28.2558},
   Abstract = {Excitations of the atomic shell in heavy-ion collisions are
             influenced by the presence of a nuclear reaction. In the
             present Rapid Communication we point out the equivalence
             between a semiclassical description based on the nuclear
             autocorrelation function with an earlier model which employs
             a distribution of reaction times f(T). For the example of
             U+U collisions, results of coupled-channel calculations for
             positron creation and K-hole excitations are discussed for
             two schematic reaction models. © 1983 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.28.2558},
   Key = {art63}
}

@article{art62,
   Author = {Heinz, U and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Quantum mechanical treatment of electron-positron
             excitations in heavy ion collisions with nuclear
             contact},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {151},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {227-261},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   Abstract = {A general theory is formulated of electron-positron
             excitations in heavy ion collisions with nuclear contact,
             treating the nuclear relative motion quantum mechanically. A
             set of coupled channel equations for the electronic
             occupation amplitudes is derived, which is formally very
             similar to the semiclassical theory based on a classical
             nuclear trajectory, and reduces to the latter in the JWKB
             approximation. The new coupled equations contain all the
             quantum mechanical information on the details of the nuclear
             scattering during nuclear contact. The importantce of this
             formulation for a quantitative theory of spontaneous
             positron creation in supercritical systems with nuclear time
             delay is pointed out. The possibility of line structures in
             the positron spectrum, as predicted semiclassically and
             recently discovered experimentally, is discussed in the
             framework of the DWBA approximation. For light-particle
             scattering off a nuclear resonance, the Blair formula for
             vacancy production is recovered in the same approximation.
             © 1983.},
   Key = {art62}
}

@article{art61,
   Author = {Müller, B and Reinhardt, J and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Critical remarks on a scaling law for inner-shell
             ionization},
   Volume = {311},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {151-155},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01415099},
   Abstract = {In superheavy quasimolecules the number of created 1
             sσ-vacancies per collisions P1sσ can be evaluated
             approximately by a simple scaling law. This analytical
             relation correctly reproduces the measured dependence of
             P1sσ on the impact parameter, bombarding energy and
             combined nuclear charge Z=Z1+Z2. It is emphasized, however,
             that the absolute ionization magnitude is underestimated
             typically by a factor of four. This discrepancy has been
             successfully resolved by the inclusion of multi-step
             excitation processes. It is shown that the derivation of the
             normalization constant in a scaling law previously reported
             by Armbruster's group is incorrect in the framework of first
             order perturbation theory. © 1983 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01415099},
   Key = {art61}
}

@article{art60,
   Author = {Kirsch, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Interference effects in MO X-ray spectra caused by nuclear
             sticking in superheavy quasimolecules},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {94},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {151-155},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {Molecular orbital K X-rays emitted during Pb + Pb collisions
             are investigated assuming nuclear contact with sticking
             times of 10-19 s and 3 × 10-20 s, respectively. A peak in
             the differential radiation spectrum near the united-atom Kα
             line is obtained which becomes sharper with increasing delay
             time. The influence of the K-shell population on the
             spectrum is also investigated. © 1983.},
   Key = {art60}
}

@article{art59,
   Author = {Schlüter, P and Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Can the observed structures in positron spectra be caused by
             internal conversion?},
   Volume = {314},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {297-302},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01412925},
   Abstract = {The energy distribution of positrons emitted in
             quasimolecular collisions of Uranium on Uranium and Uranium
             on Curium has been measured by several groups. Peak
             structures in the positron spectra were observed. We discuss
             the possibility that these structures originate from
             internal conversion processes following nuclear Coulomb
             excitation or transfer reactions. Consequences for the
             nuclear photon spectra and the δ-ray distribution are
             pointed out and experimental procedures for an unambiguous
             determination of the significance of conversion processes
             are discussed. © 1983 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01412925},
   Key = {art59}
}

@article{art58,
   Author = {Heinz, U and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Müller,
             U},
   Title = {Beam energy dependence of spontaneous positron creation in
             delayed nuclear collisions},
   Volume = {314},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {125-126},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01411841},
   Abstract = {We compute positron emission from U+Cm collisions within a
             quantum mechanical model for delayed nuclear collisions. We
             demonstrate a striking beam energy dependence of the
             strength of the spontaneous positron peak. © 1983
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01411841},
   Key = {art58}
}

@article{art57,
   Author = {Müller, U and Soff, G and Reus, TD and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Positrons from supercritical fields of giant nuclear
             systems},
   Volume = {313},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {263-279},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01439478},
   Abstract = {During collisions of heavy nuclei with a combined charge
             Z≳160 the electronic 1 s-state is deeply bound due to the
             strong Coulomb field, for Z≧173 it even enters as a
             resonance the lower continuum of the Dirac-Hamiltonian. In
             pure Rutherford scattering no qualitative indication for the
             filling of a dynamically created K-hole by the spontaneous
             positron creation process is predicted, but the study of
             heavy-ion collisions with nuclear time delay due to the
             attractive nuclear force promises clear signatures for the
             decay of the vacuum. Emphasis is laid also on the
             quantitative influence of the electron-electron interaction
             and of E0-transitions in the giant nuclear system on
             positron emission, the latter treated in a classical
             approximation. We compare our results with recent
             experimental data of two different groups at GSI, Darmstadt.
             © 1983 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01439478},
   Key = {art57}
}

@article{Shanker:1983yd,
   Author = {Shanker, R and Vasak, D and Warke, CS and Greiner, W and Müller,
             B},
   Title = {String-like solutions and regge trajectories in a
             cylindrically deformed quark bag model},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik C-Particles and Fields},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {327-340},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0170-9739},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01573734},
   Abstract = {With the string picture in mind, we study quark bags of a
             simple fixed geometry: cylindrical. It is shown that the
             Dirac boundary value problem {Mathematical expression} of
             the M.I.T. bag model has no solutions, if this quark
             confinement condition is applied simultaneously on the
             radial walls as well as on the edges of the cylinder. By
             introducing a cruder condition, {Mathematical expression},
             instead, but now only on the side walls, we calculate
             properties of non-strange baryons. A justification for the
             use of this cruder condition, {Mathematical expression}, on
             the side walls, instead of the proper M.I.T. condition, is
             then provided by showing that the M.I.T. "cylindrical" bag
             with smooth rounded corners gives essentially the same
             results, while being computationally more involved.
             Notwithstanding this departure from the M.I.T. confinement
             condition on the side walls, we find the following curious
             results: for high excitations, this bag attains string-like
             shapes. the sequence of baryonic states corresponding to
             pure single quark excitations fall on a linear Regge
             trajectory with a slope of ≈0.85 GeV-2. These trajectories
             hold at low-angular momenta. © 1983 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01573734},
   Key = {Shanker:1983yd}
}

@article{Vasak:1983vm,
   Author = {Vasak, D and Wietschorke, K-H and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Fission of bags by spontaneous quark-antiquark pair
             production in supercritical colour fields},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift für Physik C-Particles and Fields},
   Volume = {21},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {119-125},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0170-9739},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01648786},
   Abstract = {We describe the fission of heavy quarkonia as the decay of
             the bag vacuum state by spontaneous creation of a light
             quark-antiquark pair due to super-critical colour-electric
             fields. In the adiabatic approximation the heavy quarks are
             reduced to two point charges fixed at the foci of a prolate
             ellipsoidal MIT bag. We solve the Dirac equation with the
             corresponding quasi-abelian potential numerically and
             estimate the critical heavy-quark separation, at which the
             energy needed to produce the light quark pair approaches
             zero, to be 2.2 fm for the value 4αs/3=0.385 of the strong
             coupling constant and the vacuum pressure B1/4=235 MeV.
             These values have been used previously by Hasenfratz et al.
             to reproduce the spectra of heavy quarkonia. We show that
             this "critical distance" lies just above the classical
             turning point of those c {Mathematical expression}- and b
             {Mathematical expression}-resonances which are presently
             known. © 1983 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01648786},
   Key = {Vasak:1983vm}
}

@article{Schafer:1983kc,
   Author = {Schäfer, A and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {New scheme for spontaneous symmetry breaking of color
             SU(3)},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {50},
   Number = {26},
   Pages = {2047-2050},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.2047},
   Abstract = {A new spontaneous-symmetry-breaking mechanism is formulated
             for SU(3), which is used to describe the formation of bags
             around quarks. The Higgs field is replaced by the scalar
             product of two colored fermion fields. This model gives mass
             only to one gluon (equivalent to Aμ8) when spontaneously
             broken. The consequences of this scheme are discussed, and
             it is argued that it can explain several puzzling
             high-energy heavy-ion experiments. © 1983 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.2047},
   Key = {Schafer:1983kc}
}

@article{Vasak:1983an,
   Author = {Vasak, D and Shanker, R and Muller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Deformed solutions of the MIT quark bag model},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {511-520},
   Year = {1983},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/9/5/004},
   Abstract = {The authors have solved the quark confinement boundary-value
             problem of the MIT bag model numerically for axially
             deformed bag shapes. As first results they present a
             Nilsson-type level diagram for quarks confined in a deformed
             cavity. Minimising the baryon energy with respect to the
             shape parameters, they also calculate the masses of baryonic
             states. Here the results show very clearly that excited
             baryon resonances are intrinsically deformed.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/9/5/004},
   Key = {Vasak:1983an}
}

@article{art55,
   Author = {Soff, G and deReus, T and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Delta-electron production rates in the superheavy system
             Br+Pb},
   Journal = {Phys. Lett. A},
   Volume = {88},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {398-399},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {A coincidence measurement between δ-electrons and
             1sσ-vacancies in the heavy ion collision of 3579Br +
             82208Pb is compared with absolute values of theoretical
             coupled channel results. © 1982.},
   Key = {art55}
}

@article{art54,
   Author = {Soff, G and Schlüter, P and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Self-energy of electrons in critical fields},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {48},
   Number = {21},
   Pages = {1465-1468},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.48.1465},
   Abstract = {The energy shift of K electrons in heavy atoms due to the
             self-energy correction has been calculated. This process is
             treated to all orders in Zα, where Z denotes the nuclear
             charge. For the superheavy system Z=170, where the K-shell
             binding energy reaches the pair-production threshold
             (E1sb∼2mc2), a shift of +11.0 keV is found. This shift is
             almost cancelled by the vacuum polarization, leaving a
             negligible effect for all quantum-electrodynamical
             corrections of order α but all orders of Zα. © 1982 The
             American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.48.1465},
   Key = {art54}
}

@article{Rafelski:1982pu,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {Strangeness production in the quark-gluon
             plasma},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {48},
   Number = {16},
   Pages = {1066-1069},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.48.1066},
   Abstract = {Rates are calculated for the processes gg→ss̄ and
             uū,dd̄→ss̄ in highly excited quarkgluon plasma. For
             temperature T>~160 MeV the strangeness abundance
             saturates during the lifetime (∼10-23 sec) of the plasma
             created in high-energy nuclear collisions. The chemical
             equilibration time for gluons and light quarks is found to
             be less than 10-24 sec. © 1982 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.48.1066},
   Key = {Rafelski:1982pu}
}

@article{Muller:1982gd,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Role of internal symmetry in pp annihilation},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {116},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {274-278},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(82)90341-0},
   Abstract = {Internal symmetry influences the form of quantum spectra as
             well as the abundance of particles emitted by a thermal
             source. Isospin conservation in proton-antiproton
             annihilation is used to quantitatively illustrate the
             influence of these phenomena on mean pion multiplicities and
             the apparent primary pion temperature parameter. ©
             1982.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(82)90341-0},
   Key = {Muller:1982gd}
}

@article{Shanker:1982rg,
   Author = {Shanker, R and Warke, CS and Greiner, W and Muller,
             B},
   Title = {Cylindrical deformed quark bags},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {L33-L38},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/8/4/001},
   Abstract = {Presents approximate solutions of the MIT bag model for
             quarks in cylindrical bags. For a cylindrical bag surface it
             is found that Dirac's equation does not admit solutions
             corresponding to the linear boundary condition in psi = psi
             . It admits, nevertheless, solutions which satisfy the
             original confinement condition psi psi =0 exactly. The
             pressure balance condition is approximately satisfied
             through the variational minimisation of hadronic energy.
             These cylindrical quark bags to give not only the string
             limit of the bag model but also the correct slope of the
             leading Regge trajectory for baryons at the low angular
             momenta. States on a given trajectory differ from one
             another in axial-momentum excitations of a single
             quark.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/8/4/001},
   Key = {Shanker:1982rg}
}

@article{Muller:1982db,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Self-consistent gluon screening of a strong SU(2)
             source},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {25},
   Pages = {566-572},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {Muller:1982db}
}

@article{art56,
   Author = {Soffel, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Stability and decay of the Dirac vacuum in external gauge
             fields},
   Journal = {Physics Reports},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {51-122},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0370-1573},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-1573(82)90129-6},
   Abstract = {We consider various gauge fields coupled to the free Dirac
             equation according to symmetry principles. The gauge fields
             are treated as classical, unquantized fields. Sufficiently
             strong time-independent fields may give rise to spontaneous
             particle creation and to the decay of the symmetric Dirac
             vacuum into a new ground state with broken symmetry. The
             vacuum stability of the Dirac field is studied for the cases
             of external electromagnetic (U(1)), gravitational (Poincaré
             group including torsion) and Yang-Mills (SU(2)) potentials.
             © 1982.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-1573(82)90129-6},
   Key = {art56}
}

@article{fds304600,
   Author = {Soff, G and Reus, TD and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {δ-electron production rates in the superheavy system Br +
             Pb},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {88},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {398-399},
   Year = {1982},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {A coincidence measurement between δ-electrons and
             1sσ-vacancies in the heavy ion collision of 3579Br +
             82208Pb is compared with absolute values of theoretical
             coupled channel results. © 1982.},
   Key = {fds304600}
}

@article{art53,
   Author = {Theis, J and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Variational principle for an improved basis set for the
             description of scattering processes},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {24},
   Pages = {89-96},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {art53}
}

@article{art52,
   Author = {Alhassid, Y and uuml, M and ller, B and Koonin, SE},
   Title = {Mean-field approximation for inclusive observables},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {23},
   Pages = {487-491},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {art52}
}

@article{art51,
   Author = {Soff, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Systematics of inner-shell ionization in superheavy
             quasimolecules},
   Volume = {299},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {189-194},
   Year = {1981},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01443935},
   Abstract = {We present a detailed comparison of theoretical results on 1
             sσ-ionization probabilities and δ-electron production
             rates with recent experimental data. The investigations are
             restricted to collisions of very heavy ions with
             (Z1+Z2)α≳1 below the Coulomb barrier. It is emphasized
             that first order time dependent perturbation theory is
             inapplicable for an accurate theoretical description of the
             measured data. © 1981 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01443935},
   Key = {art51}
}

@article{art50,
   Author = {Heinz, U and Greiner, W and Müller, B},
   Title = {Electron-translation effects in heavy-ion
             scattering},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {562-596},
   Year = {1981},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.23.562},
   Abstract = {The origin and importance of electron-translation effects
             within a molecular description of electronic excitations in
             heavy-ion collisions is investigated. First, a fully
             consistent quantum-mechanical description of the scattering
             process is developed; the electrons are described by
             relativistic molecular orbitals, while the nuclear motion is
             approximated nonrelativistically. Leaving the
             quantum-mechanical level by using the semiclassical
             approximation for the nuclear motion, a set of coupled
             differential equations for the occupation amplitudes of the
             molecular orbitals is derived. In these coupled-channel
             equations the spurious asymptotic dynamical couplings are
             corrected for by additional matrix elements stemming from
             the electron translation. Hence, a molecular description of
             electronic excitations in heavy-ion scattering has been
             achieved, which is free from the spurious asymptotic
             couplings of the conventional perturbated stationary-state
             approach. The importance of electron-translation effects for
             continuum electrons and positrons is investigated. To this
             end an algorithm for the description of continuum electrons
             is proposed, which for the first time should allow for the
             calculation of angular distributions for δ electrons.
             Finally, the practical consequences of electron-translation
             effects are studied by calculating the corrected coupling
             matrix elements for the Pb-Cm system and comparing the
             corresponding K-vacancy probabilities with conventional
             calculations. We critically discuss conventional methods for
             cutting off the coupling matrix elements in coupled-channel
             calculations. © 1981 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.23.562},
   Key = {art50}
}

@article{art49,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, U and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {The decay of the vacuum in the field of superheavy nuclear
             systems},
   Volume = {303},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {173-188},
   Year = {1981},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01424757},
   Abstract = {In the strong Coulomb field of a nucleus or quasimolecule
             with Z≳172 a change of the QED vacuum has been predicted,
             signalled by the spontaneous emission of positrons if holes
             in the K-shell are available. The dynamical semiclassical
             theory of positron excitation in heavy ion scattering is
             presented and extended to collisions with nuclear contact.
             Interference patterns in the energy spectrum of the emitted
             positrons and, for sufficiently long reaction time T, the
             emerging of a characteristic line at the position of the 1
             sσ-resonance is predicted. The position and width of the 1
             sσ-resonance is calculated in dependence on the nuclear
             configuration, the effect of electron screening is taken
             into account. Recent experimental indications [1, 2] for
             structures in the spectra of positrons emitted in U-U
             collisions at energies close to the Coulomb barrier are
             discussed in terms of spontaneous positron creation. The
             observed spectra could be explained under the assumption of
             long lasting nuclear reactions (T≳4·10-20 s) with a cross
             section in the millibarn region. Various consequences of
             this interpretation are discussed. © 1981
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01424757},
   Key = {art49}
}

@article{art48,
   Author = {Gärtner, P and Heinz, U and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Limiting charge for electrostatic point sources},
   Volume = {300},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {143-155},
   Year = {1981},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01412291},
   Abstract = {We investigate the behaviour of the vacuum charge around a
             supercritical nucleus with Z>137 in dependence on the
             nuclear radius. The screening effects are considered in a
             quasiclassical approximation. We show that in the point
             nucleus limit the nuclear charge is screened by the vacuum
             charge up to Z=137. This means that the coupling strength of
             a point charge in QED cannot be larger than 1. The influence
             of the heavier leptons is also discussed. © 1981
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01412291},
   Key = {art48}
}

@article{art47,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Theory of positron production in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {103-128},
   Year = {1981},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.24.103},
   Abstract = {Collisions of very heavy ions at energies close to the
             Coulomb barrier are discussed as a unique tool to study the
             behavior of the electron-positron field in the presence of
             strong external electromagnetic fields. To calculate the
             excitation processes induced by the collision dynamics, a
             semiclassical model is employed and adapted to describe the
             field-theoretical many-particle system. An expansion in the
             adiabatic molecular basis is chosen. Energies and matrix
             elements are calculated using the monopole approximation. In
             a supercritical (Z1+Z2173) quasiatomic system the 1s level
             joins the antiparticle continuum and becomes a resonance,
             rendering the neutral vacuum state unstable. Several methods
             of treating the corresponding time-dependent problem are
             discussed. A projection-operator technique is introduced for
             a fully dynamical treatment of the resonance. Positron
             excitation rates in s12 and p12 states are obtained by
             numerical solution of the coupled-channel equations and are
             compared with results from first- plus second-order
             perturbation theory. Calculations are performed for
             subcritical and supercritical collisions of Pb-Pb, Pb-U,
             U-U, and U-Cf. Strong relativistic deformations of the wave
             functions and the growing contributions from inner-shell
             bound states lead to a very steep Z dependence of positron
             production. The results are compared with available data
             from experiments done at GSI. Correlations between electrons
             and positrons are briefly discussed. © 1981 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.24.103},
   Key = {art47}
}

@article{Muller:1981kf,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Temperature dependence of the bag constant and the effective
             lagrangian for gauge fields at finite temperatures},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {111-118},
   Year = {1981},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(81)90502-5},
   Abstract = {We calculate the free energy for a gauge field at finite
             temperature in the presence of a constant gauge magnetic
             field in the one-loop approximation, omitting unstable
             modes. The effect of finite temperature on the approximate
             "true" Savvidy ground state of QCD is derived. A phase
             transition to the perturbative ground state at Tcr=1.5Bs 1 4
             ≈210 MeV is found. © 1981.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(81)90502-5},
   Key = {Muller:1981kf}
}

@article{Schmidt:1981xp,
   Author = {Schmidt, G and Greiner, W and Heinz, UW and uuml, M and ller,
             B},
   Title = {Stability of massive objects in a new scalar-tensor
             theory},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev.},
   Volume = {D24},
   Pages = {1484-1490},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {Schmidt:1981xp}
}

@article{fds247201,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Soff, G and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Dynamical aspects: Coherent production of positrons in heavy
             ion collisions},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {547-578},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   Abstract = {Collisions of very heavy ions are discussed as a means to
             investigate quantum electrodynamics in the presence of
             strong external fields. The action of the combined Coulomb
             field of the closely approaching nuclei leads to strong
             binding of the inner electron shells and to large induced
             transitions. The resulting mechanisms for the production of
             positrons are discussed in detail and compared with recent
             experiments. The importance of multi-step excitations is
             stressed and first results of coupled channel calculations
             are presented. © 1980.},
   Key = {fds247201}
}

@article{fds247202,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Quantum electrodynamics of strong fields in heavy ion
             collision},
   Journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {C},
   Pages = {503-545},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0146-6410},
   Abstract = {Quantum Electrodynamics of strong external fields is
             discussed in the context of atomic physics. For sufficiently
             large electromagnetic coupling constant Zα bound states can
             approach and even join the antiparticle continuum of the
             Dirac equation. The resulting possibility of spontaneous
             positron production and the new concept of a charged
             electron-positron-vacuum is discussed. The autoionization
             model and the exact solutions of the single particle Dirac
             equation are supplemented by a quantum-field-theoretical
             approach. The influence of vacuum polarization, possible
             non-linear field effects and the self-screening of extremely
             strong electrical charges are investigated. ©
             1980.},
   Key = {fds247202}
}

@article{art46,
   Author = {Müller, U and Reinhardt, J and Soff, G and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {K-vacancy formation in deep inelastic nuclear
             reactions},
   Volume = {297},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {357-358},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01422798},
   Abstract = {We investigate the dependence of inner shell vacancy
             production on interaction time T in deep inelastic nuclear
             reactions. Coupled channel calculations for Xe-Pb, Pb-Pb,
             and U-U collisions are presented. In the heaviest system
             strong interference minima for both 1sσ and 2p1/2σ
             excitation are predicted at T≲3.10-21 sec. © 1980
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01422798},
   Key = {art46}
}

@article{art45,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Oberacker, V},
   Title = {Influence of nuclear trajectory variations on atomic
             excitation probabilities},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. C},
   Volume = {22},
   Pages = {1909-1913},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {art45}
}

@article{art44,
   Author = {Soff, G and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Coupled channel analysis of inner-shell vacancy formation in
             superheavy quasimolecules},
   Volume = {294},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {137-147},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01435048},
   Abstract = {We calculate the ionization probability of the
             quasimolecular 1 sσ-state in collisions of very heavy ions
             with (Z1+Z2) α≳1. Multistep excitation processes between
             bound and continuum states are investigated. Due to the
             multistep processes the number of created 1 sσ-vacancies is
             typically increased by a factor 2-5 over that obtained
             within time-dependent perturbation theory (i.e. the one-step
             processes). Some implications of the many-electron problem
             and the Pauli principle are discussed. The δ-electron
             distribution is compared with recent experimental data. ©
             1980 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01435048},
   Key = {art44}
}

@article{art43,
   Author = {Kirsch, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Unified theory of electrons and photons in heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Z. Naturforsch.},
   Volume = {35a},
   Pages = {579-589},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {art43}
}

@article{art42,
   Author = {auml, G and rtner, P and uuml, M and ller, B and Reinhardt, J and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Limiting charge for point nuclei},
   Journal = {Phys. Lett. B},
   Volume = {95},
   Pages = {181-184},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {art42}
}

@article{art41,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Some comments on the relativistic Thomas-Fermi
             model},
   Journal = {Phys. Lett. B},
   Volume = {94},
   Pages = {275-276},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {art41}
}

@article{Vasak:1980sg,
   Author = {Vasak, D and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Pion radiation from fast heavy ions},
   Journal = {Phys. Scripta},
   Volume = {22},
   Pages = {25-35},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {Vasak:1980sg}
}

@article{Vasak:1980eu,
   Author = {Vasak, D and Stöcker, H and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Pion bremsstrahlung and critical phenomena in relativistic
             nuclear collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {93},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {243-246},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(80)90504-3},
   Abstract = {We investigate the dependence of pion bremsstrahlung on the
             deceleration of the nuclei in relativistic heavy ion
             collisions. The vicinity of an abnormal phase in nuclear
             matter can lead - owing to critical N-N scattering - to
             faster deceleration or decreasing transparency of the
             nuclei. This would result in a threshold enhancement of the
             pion bremsstrahlung cross section, which in turn can be used
             to search for abnormal nuclear states experimentally. ©
             1980.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(80)90504-3},
   Key = {Vasak:1980eu}
}

@article{Hofmann:1980rj,
   Author = {Hofmann, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Phase transitions in nuclear matter},
   Journal = {Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {221-228},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0556-2813},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.22.221},
   Abstract = {A method for the description of spin-isospin phase
             transitions in nuclear matter is developed. It allows a
             complete description of the pion condensation phase
             transition in the framework of the Landau-Migdal Fermi
             liquid theory. The equation of the order parameter is
             derived and the condensation energy is calculated. We study
             the influence of pion condensation on the nuclear equation
             of state and the temperature dependence of pion
             condensation. NUCLEAR STRUCTURE Description of
             pion-condensed ground state by Green's function technique.
             © 1980 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.22.221},
   Key = {Hofmann:1980rj}
}

@article{Soffel:1980kj,
   Author = {Soffel, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Radiation and the structure of space-time},
   Journal = {General Relativity and Gravitation},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {287-303},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0001-7701},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00756619},
   Abstract = {The classical bremsstrahlung problem is discussed with
             respect to the global structure of space-time. Various
             physical phenomena (such as the Hawking effect, etc.)
             connected with the large-scale structure of space-time are
             mentioned. © 1980 Plenum Publishing Corporation.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF00756619},
   Key = {Soffel:1980kj}
}

@article{Soffel:1980kx,
   Author = {Soffel, M and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Dirac particles in Rindler space},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. D},
   Volume = {22},
   Pages = {1935-1937},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {Soffel:1980kx}
}

@article{Schafer:1980bg,
   Author = {Schäfer, W and Stöcker, H and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Mach-shock electron distributions from solids},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {319-322},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0340-224X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01322154},
   Abstract = {Heavy ion induced density fluctuations in the electron
             plasma of solids known as wakes show the characteristic
             features of Mach-shock waves. We propose a method to detect
             the electron wake in solid state materials by measuring the
             angular distribution of emitted electrons of low energy.
             These show up as distinct maxima at certain angles. In the
             emission angle we find an increase with bombarding energy,
             following the Mach relation cos Θem=vs/v0. © 1980
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01322154},
   Key = {Schafer:1980bg}
}

@article{fds247200,
   Author = {Kessel, QC and Morgenstern, R and Müller, B and Niehaus,
             A},
   Title = {Angular correlation between autoionization electrons and
             scattered ions in 2000-eV He+-He collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
             Physics},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {804-813},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {1050-2947},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.20.804},
   Abstract = {Complex population amplitudes for the excitation of magnetic
             sublevels of He(2p2)D1 and He(2s2p)P1 states in 2-keV He+
             -He collisions have been determined by measuring the energy
             spectra of the corresponding autoionization electrons
             ejected at different angles in coincidence with the
             inelastically scattered ions. It was found that He(2p2)D1 is
             excited with a relative probability of 97%. If the direction
             of the internuclear line at the distance of closest approach
             is taken as z axis, we find that primarily the m=0 sublevel
             is populated and that the complete D1 excitation can be
             interpreted as due to pure m=0 excitations with respect to
             momentary internuclear lines at different points of the
             trajectory which are symmetric to the turning point. These
             results are discussed within the framework of the
             Fano-Lichten promotion model. Quantization along an axis
             perpendicular to the scattering plane shows an orientation
             of the excited D1 state. From this we find that the angular
             momentum Ly transferred from the motion of the heavy
             particles to the electron cloud has an expectation value of
             Ly-. © 1979 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.20.804},
   Key = {fds247200}
}

@article{art40,
   Author = {Hofmann, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Phase transitions and shock waves in nuclei},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {195-198},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {In the present paper we investigate the compatibility of
             shock waves and phase transitions in nuclear matter. We
             show, that a continuous phase transition, i.e. the
             coexistence of the two phases, is not compatible with the
             existence of a sharp shock front. In this case shock waves
             become hydrodynamically unstable which may lead to a
             suppression of shock phenomena in certain energy windows in
             high energy heavy ion collisions. © 1979.},
   Key = {art40}
}

@article{art39,
   Author = {Müller, A and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Cosmological particle production},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {281-284},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {We apply the WKB approximation of path integrals to pair
             creation in expanding universes. Friedman cosmologies for
             arbitrary equations of state p = αρ{variant} are
             discussed. Observational data are in favor of a stiff
             equation of state (p ∼ ρ{variant}). ©
             1979.},
   Key = {art39}
}

@article{art38,
   Author = {Soff, G and Reinhardt, J and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Delta-electron emission in deep-inelastic heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {43},
   Pages = {1981-1984},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {art38}
}

@article{art37,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Role of multistep processes in heavy-ion inner-shell
             excitations},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {18},
   Pages = {1307-1310},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.43.1307},
   Abstract = {This Letter discusses inner-shell excitation in collisions
             of very heavy ions (Z1+Z2140) in the framework of the
             quasimolecular model. The importance of multistep
             excitations and of coupling between continuum states is
             demonstrated. The 1sσ vacancy probabilities resulting from
             coupled-channels calculations exceed perturbation theory by
             a factor 3-5, thus giving good agreement with recent
             experimental results. © 1979 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.43.1307},
   Key = {art37}
}

@article{art36,
   Author = {Kirsch, J and Betz, W and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff, G},
   Title = {The impact parameter dependence of the Pb + Pb K - MO
             spectrum},
   Volume = {292},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {227-234},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01547466},
   Abstract = {Molecular orbital X-rays are emitted during ion-atom
             collisions. The theoretical treatment, numerical results for
             the Pb + Pb system and a comparison with background
             radiation like NNB, SEB and γ-decay of Coulomb excited
             nuclei are presented. © 1979 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01547466},
   Key = {art36}
}

@article{art35,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Delta electrons: An atomic clock for deep inelastic
             collisions},
   Volume = {292},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {211-212},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01441628},
   Abstract = {We calculate the δ-electron distribution resulting from
             heavy ion collisions with projectile energies above the
             Coulomb barrier. It is shown that the life time
             (Δτ≳10-21s) of superheavy composite systems causes
             pronounced oscillations in the electron spectrum. The width
             of the oscillations is found to be ΔE=h/Δτ. This effect
             can be used to measure nuclear sticking times quite
             accurately. © 1979 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01441628},
   Key = {art35}
}

@article{art34,
   Author = {Theis, J and Reinhardt, J and Muller, B},
   Title = {How good is the adiabatic basis in heavy ion
             collisions?},
   Journal = {Journal of the Physics B: Atomic and Molecular
             Physics},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {16},
   Pages = {L479-L483},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0022-3700},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3700/12/16/001},
   Abstract = {Discusses the optimal choice of the basis for calculations
             of inner-shell excitations in the collision of heavy ions.
             Starting from a variational principle which minimises the
             time-integrated coupling strength, a relation between a
             model two-centre distance and the actual internuclear
             separation is derived. For 1s sigma excitations in Pb-Pb
             collisions it is found that the optimal basis is almost
             identical to the adiabatic one. For higher quantum states
             the adiabatic treatment becomes less adequate.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0022-3700/12/16/001},
   Key = {art34}
}

@article{art33,
   Author = {Soff, G and Greiner, W and Betz, W and uuml, M and ller,
             B},
   Title = {Electrons in superheavy quasimolecules},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. A},
   Volume = {20},
   Pages = {169-193},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {art33}
}

@article{art32,
   Author = {Rihan, TH and Muller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {On the adequacy of first-order perturbation theory for
             calculations of inner-shell ionisation},
   Journal = {Journal of the Physics B: Atomic and Molecular
             Physics},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {761-774},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0022-3700},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3700/12/5/020},
   Abstract = {Transition probabilities for inner-shell electrons during
             the formation of quasi-molecular systems in heavy-ion
             collisions are considered. The effect of transitions to the
             continuum on discrete transition probabilities is given via
             a simple prescription satisfying unitarity. In this way, it
             is also shown that the direct ionisation probabilities will
             be modified by virtual transitions to the continuum.
             Adopting a scaling model and the authors' prescription, the
             effect of such virtual processes on the ionisation of 1s
             sigma electrons can be calculated analytically. As an
             example, the authors calculated it for the Pb-Pb
             quasi-molecular system. It is found that such virtual
             processes suppress the direct 1s sigma ionisation
             probability for large impact parameters and/or small
             relative ion velocities.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0022-3700/12/5/020},
   Key = {art32}
}

@article{art31,
   Author = {wietschorke, K-H and Muller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Self-consistent determination of critical two-centre
             distances},
   Journal = {Journal of the Physics B: Atomic and Molecular
             Physics},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {L31-L33},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0022-3700},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3700/12/1/007},
   Abstract = {In collisions of very heavy ions (Z1+Z2 greater than 173)
             the binding energy of the quasimolecular 1s sigma state may
             exceed twice the electron rest mass. The critical
             internuclear separation is calculated within the
             relativistic Hartree-Fock-Slater model. For the almost
             neutral U-U system, the authors obtained Rcr=26
             fm.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0022-3700/12/1/007},
   Key = {art31}
}

@article{Soffel:1979ma,
   Author = {Soffel, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Vacuum with spin in the ecsk-theory of gravitation},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {167-170},
   Year = {1979},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {The decay of the isotropic spin 1/2 particle-antiparticle
             vaccum in an external torsion field is shown. For very high
             torsion fields the overcritical vacuum is described in a
             statistical model. © 1979.},
   Key = {Soffel:1979ma}
}

@article{fds247199,
   Author = {Kessel, QC and Morgenstern, R and Müller, B and Niehaus, A and Thielmann, U},
   Title = {Ion-electron coincidence measurements of the azimuthal
             dependence of electrons from autoionizing He atoms excited
             in 2000-eV He+-He collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {645-648},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.40.645},
   Abstract = {The azimuthal angular dependence and corresponding energy
             spectra have been measured for electrons ejected at 135°
             from the beam direction by autoionizing He atoms in the
             (2p2)D1 and (2s2p)P1 states, which were excited by 2000-eV
             He+ ions scattered through 6°. The data show a marked
             dependence on the azimuthal angle of the scattered
             projectile and are used to calculate the moduli and phases
             of the population amplitudes of the magnetic sublevels
             excited. © 1978 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.40.645},
   Key = {fds247199}
}

@article{art30,
   Author = {Muller, A and Heinz, U and Muller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {On gravitation theories with limiting curvature},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1781-1798},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0022-3689},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/11/9/012},
   Abstract = {The authors discuss the solutions of the generalised
             gravitational field equations derived from the nonlinear
             Lagrangian for a limiting curvature theory and compare the
             free space solutions as well as the solutions for an
             extended star with the corresponding solutions of the
             Einstein equations.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/11/9/012},
   Key = {art30}
}

@article{art29,
   Author = {Soff, G and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Spectroscopy of electronic states in superheavy
             quasimolecules},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {40},
   Pages = {540-544},
   Year = {1978},
   Key = {art29}
}

@article{art28,
   Author = {Rihan, TH and Aly, NS and Merzbacher, E and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Relaxation times in intermediate quasi-molecules},
   Volume = {285},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {397-403},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01813240},
   Abstract = {The influence of perturbative interactions is discussed in
             the frame-work of time-dependent perturbation theory. A
             characteristic time (to be called relaxation time), during
             which a given initial state of the system will be depleted,
             is defined. In case this relaxation time is smaller than the
             collision time of the process, the usual adiabatic
             perturbation treatment becomes vague. In this sense, the
             usefulness of various approaches to the problem, such as
             those based on two-center Dirac wave functions or
             Hartree-Fock states can be quantitatively investigated.
             Calculations based on two-center Dirac wave functions and a
             restricted quasimolecular configuration for the electronic
             system in U-U collisions, reveal that the electron-electron
             interactions can be safely neglected for the inner-shell
             electronic states. A prescription is given to obtain more
             reliable transition probabilities when the adiabatic
             perturbation treatment fails. It is shown that unitarity is
             recovered in such a prescription. © 1978
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01813240},
   Key = {art28}
}

@article{art27,
   Author = {Kirsch, J and Betz, W and Reinhardt, J and Soff, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {K-X-ray spectrum of the Pb + Pb quasimolecules},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {72},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {298-302},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(78)90123-5},
   Abstract = {We present ab initio calculations of the quasimolecular
             K-X-ray spectrum from the Pb + Pb system, where both the
             Kd-hole amplitude and the radiation amplitude is calculated
             in first order perturbation theory. A comparison with the
             background radiation like NNB, SEB and γ-decay of excited
             nuclei shows that the molecular X-rays should be measurable
             up to X-ray energies corresponding to the characteristic
             K-line of the united superheavy atom. ©
             1978.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(78)90123-5},
   Key = {art27}
}

@article{art26,
   Author = {Soff, G and Betz, W and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Merzbacher,
             E},
   Title = {Inner shell ionization in the Pb-Pb quasimolecule},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {19-22},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {Direct ionization of the 1sσ, 2sσ, 3sσ and 2p 1 2σ
             electronic states via radial coupling in the Pb-Pb
             quasimolecule is investigated as function of the impact
             parameter b. The ionization probability decreases
             exponentially like P(b)∼exp(- b a), with a1sσ=19 fm,
             a2sσ=76 fm, a3sσ=135 fm and a2p 1 2σ=47 fm. The
             high-energy part of the electronic spectrum is dominated by
             2sσ and 2p 1 2σ ionization. As total ionization cross
             section we find σ1sσ=2 barn and σ2p 1 2σ=59 barn for
             E1ab=1210 MeV. © 1978.},
   Key = {art26}
}

@article{art25,
   Author = {Heiligenthal, G and Betz, W and Soff, G and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {The influence of rotational coupling on K-vacancy formation
             in U-Pb collisions},
   Volume = {285},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {105-106},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01410233},
   Abstract = {The probability for 2p1/2σ-ionization in U-U and Pb-Pb
             collisions is calculated. The results are used to explain
             the measured impact parameter dependence for K-vacancy
             production in U-Pb collisions as the sum of direct
             ionization and strong rotational and radial coupling between
             the substates of the quasimolecular L-shell. © 1978
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01410233},
   Key = {art25}
}

@article{art24,
   Author = {Müller, B and Soff, G and Greiner, W and Ceausescu,
             V},
   Title = {Scaling behaviour of inner-shell ionization in superheavy
             quasi-molecules},
   Volume = {285},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {27-30},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01410218},
   Abstract = {We derive an approximate analytical formula for the K-shell
             ionization in collisions of very heavy atoms. The impact
             parameter and bombarding energy dependence are well
             described. The binding energy of the bound state at closest
             approach enters in a simple way, which could provide an
             experimental method for a spectroscopy of quasimolecular
             states. © 1978 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01410218},
   Key = {art24}
}

@article{Reinhardt:1978cy,
   Author = {Reinhardt, J and Oberacker, V and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Soff,
             G},
   Title = {Positron emission in PbPb and PbU collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {183-188},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {We present quantitative calculations of positron emission
             dynamically induced in the collision of PbPb and PbU. The
             results are compared with recent measurements, yielding
             evidence for new processes characteristic for quantum
             electrodynamics of strong fields. © 1978.},
   Key = {Reinhardt:1978cy}
}

@article{Rafelski:1978xy,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Spontaneous vacuum decay of supercritical nuclear
             composites},
   Volume = {285},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {49-52},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01410223},
   Abstract = {We show that in deep inelastic heavy ion collisions with
             Z1+Z2> 173 the spontaneous decay of the neutral vacuum by
             emission of positrons may be isolated from other competing
             positron producing processes. From the details of the
             spontaneous positron spectrum information about the nature
             (lifetime, shape and angular momentum) of the composite
             nuclear system may be derived. © 1978 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01410223},
   Key = {Rafelski:1978xy}
}

@article{Schafer:1978jq,
   Author = {Schäfer, W and Stöcker, H and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Mach cones induced by fast heavy ions in electron
             plasma},
   Volume = {288},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {349-352},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01417717},
   Abstract = {Fast heavy ions penetrating through solids initiate density
             oscillations of the electron plasma, forming Mach cones if
             the projectile velocity exceeds a critical value cs. These
             Mach waves should lead to the directed emission of electrons
             from the target. The preferential emission angle θ{symbol}
             as a function of the bombarding energy is calculated for
             various projectile-target combinations. © 1978
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01417717},
   Key = {Schafer:1978jq}
}

@article{Soffel:1978un,
   Author = {Soffel, M and Heinz, U and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {A self-consistent solution of the coupled Dirac-Einstein
             equations in the mean-field Hartree approximation},
   Journal = {Lettere al Nuovo Cimento Series 2},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {391-396},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0375-930X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02856155},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF02856155},
   Key = {Soffel:1978un}
}

@article{Greiner:1978xq,
   Author = {Greiner, W and Müller, B and Soff, G},
   Title = {Delta electrons as a probe of strong magnetic fields in
             heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {27-30},
   Year = {1978},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {We propose that the spin polarization of delta electrons
             should be used as a measure of the strong magnetic fields
             (B∼1017 G) induced by the nuclear motion in collisions of
             very heavy ions. The polarization is typically of the order
             of 10-20 percent in Pb-Pb and U-U collisions. We also
             discuss the bombarding energy dependence up to E1ab =
             200MeV/u, where 500 keV level splitting between spin up and
             down states is obtained. © 1978.},
   Key = {Greiner:1978xq}
}

@article{fds304586,
   Author = {Fink, HJ and Muller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Parastatistics as an effective description of complex
             particles (nucleus-nucleus collisions and muonic
             atoms)},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {1119-1131},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/3/8/021},
   Abstract = {Parastatistics with continuous order are proposed. The
             various parastatistics are used in scattering theory as an
             effective description accounting for the internal structure
             of composite particles (nuclei). Also investigated is the
             possibility that muons are (composite) para-particles.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/3/8/021},
   Key = {fds304586}
}

@article{art23,
   Author = {Müller, B and Greiner, W and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Interpretation of external fields as temperature},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {63},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {181-183},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {We show that average excitation of the vacuum state in the
             presence of an external electric field can be described by
             an effective temperature kT = eE (2πm). We present a
             qualitative generalization of our result to other
             interactions. Some phenomenological implications concerning
             matter at low temperatures in strong electric fields (105
             V/cm) are offered. © 1977.},
   Key = {art23}
}

@article{art22,
   Author = {Fink, HJ and uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Parastatistics as an effective description of complex
             particles},
   Journal = {J. Phys. G},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {1119-1131},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/3/8/021},
   Abstract = {Parastatistics with continuous order are proposed. The
             various parastatistics are used in scattering theory as an
             effective description accounting for the internal structure
             of composite particles (nuclei). Also investigated is the
             possibility that muons are (composite) para-particles.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/3/8/021},
   Key = {art22}
}

@article{art21,
   Author = {Soff, G and Müller, B},
   Title = {Transition rates of electrons in superheavy
             elements},
   Volume = {280},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {243-247},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0340-2193},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01434348},
   Abstract = {Transition rates for electrons in the superheavy elements
             Z=114, 126, 134, 145, 164 and 173 are calculated. K, L and
             M-shells are considered as final states. The 2 s-1 s
             transition of multipolarity M 1 is dominant for Z = 173 with
             a transition time of 10-18 s. The radical expectation values
             〈r〉 and 〈r2〉1/2 are given. © 1977
             Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01434348},
   Key = {art21}
}

@article{art20,
   Author = {Soff, G and lustig, H-J and Muller, B},
   Title = {On the identification of superheavy elements from L and M
             spectra},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {583-590},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0305-4616},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4616/3/4/018},
   Abstract = {Various possibilities for interpreting the recently observed
             X-rays from supposedly superheavy elements are studied.
             These X-rays can also be explained by atomic lines of
             superheavy elements from the Z=164 and Z=114
             islands.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4616/3/4/018},
   Key = {art20}
}

@article{art19,
   Author = {Soff, G and Reinhardt, J and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Shakeoff of the vacuum polarization in quasimolecular
             collisions of very heavy ions},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {38},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {592-595},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.38.592},
   Abstract = {The theory of direct electron-positron pair production in
             the collision of heavy ions is formulated in the framework
             of the quasimolecular model. The pair production process
             acquires a collective nature for (Z1+Z2)>1 and can be
             understood as the shakeoff of the strong vacuum polarization
             cloud formed in the quasimolecule. The total cross section
             is, e.g., 76 b for Pb + Pb at Coulomb barrier energies. ©
             1977 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.38.592},
   Key = {art19}
}

@article{Soffel:1977yb,
   Author = {Soffel, M and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The electrostatic and gravitational field of spherically
             symmetric objects},
   Journal = {Physics Letters A},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {67-69},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0375-9601},
   Abstract = {The electrostatic and gravitational fields of an extended
             spherically symmetric object is presented. The limit to a
             point-like object is discussed for Born-Infeld type of
             electrodynamics and it is shown, that the extreme
             Reissner-Nordstrøm field, where no event horizon occurs, is
             unphysical. © 1977.},
   Key = {Soffel:1977yb}
}

@article{Soffel:1977wn,
   Author = {Soffel, M and Muller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Particles in a stationary spherically symmetric
             gravitational field},
   Journal = {Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {551-560},
   Year = {1977},
   ISSN = {0305-4470},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/10/4/017},
   Abstract = {Dirac's equation has been considered in a Schwarzschild
             (Reissner-Nordstrom) background. Resonances in a continuum
             of states are found, similar to the Klein-Gordon case. Also
             the solutions of the Dirac and Klein-Gordon equations are
             investigated for an extended gravitating source. Special
             attention has been given to the case in which the radius of
             the source tends towards its Schwarzschild radius. A
             limiting charge-to-mass ratio for black holes is
             obtained.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/10/4/017},
   Key = {Soffel:1977wn}
}

@article{art18,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Positron creation in superheavy quasimolecules},
   Journal = {Ann. Rev. Nucl. Science},
   Volume = {26},
   Pages = {351-383},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {art18}
}

@article{art17,
   Author = {Betz, W and Soff, G and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Direct formation of quasimolecular 1sσ vacancies in
             uranium-uranium collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {16},
   Pages = {1046-1049},
   Year = {1976},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.1046},
   Abstract = {The direct (Coulomb) formation of electron vacancies in the
             1sσ state of superheavy quasimolecules is investigated for
             the first time. Its dependence on the impact parameter,
             projectile energy, and its contribution from excitations
             into the continum and higher bound states are determined. ©
             1976 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.1046},
   Key = {art17}
}

@article{art16,
   Author = {Gros, M and Muller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Radiative transitions induced in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Journal of the Physics B: Atomic and Molecular
             Physics},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {1849-1856},
   Year = {1976},
   ISSN = {0022-3700},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3700/9/11/011},
   Abstract = {Amplitudes for radiative transitions in fast-rotating
             molecules and heavy-ion collisions are derived. The effect
             of the Coriolis force on the electron motion and on the
             radiative transition amplitude is formulated. The term in
             the transition amplitude dependent on the angular velocity
             reflects the influence of the rotation of the
             states.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0022-3700/9/11/011},
   Key = {art16}
}

@article{art15,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The two center Dirac equation},
   Journal = {Z. Naturforsch.},
   Volume = {31a},
   Pages = {1-30},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {art15}
}

@article{Rafelski:1976rf,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and uuml, M and ller, B},
   Title = {Magnetic splitting of quasimolecular electronic states in
             strong fields},
   Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
   Volume = {36},
   Pages = {517-520},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {Rafelski:1976rf}
}

@article{Muller:1976ms,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {Vector coupling and bound states of fermions in three space
             dimensions},
   Journal = {Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and
             Cosmology},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {3532-3535},
   Year = {1976},
   ISSN = {0556-2821},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3532},
   Abstract = {The behavior of fermions interacting via vector gluons in
             the strong-coupling limit is investigated. A suitable
             coupling between the Dirac and the vector-gluon field gives
             rise to bound-state solutions. The coherent field
             approximation is employed to find the bound-state masses,
             which are further discussed by analytical and numerical
             methods and are found to be positive-definite in the example
             considered numerically. © 1976 The American Physical
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3532},
   Key = {Muller:1976ms}
}

@article{Rafelski:1976mu,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B},
   Title = {The critical distance in collisions of heavy
             ions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {205-208},
   Year = {1976},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {There is a large discrepancy in published values of the
             critical distance in heavy-ion collisions. We have
             recalculated the critical distance by a more accurate method
             for symmetric collisions of point nuclei as a function of Z.
             The reasons for the discrepancy are discussed. ©
             1976.},
   Key = {Rafelski:1976mu}
}

@article{Muller:1975fh,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Stabilization of the charged vacuum created by very strong
             electrical fields in nuclear matter},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {34},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {349-352},
   Year = {1975},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.34.349},
   Abstract = {The expectation value of electrical charge in charged vacuum
             is calculated utilizing the Thomas-Fermi model. We find
             almost complete screening of the nuclear charge. For any
             given nuclear density there is an upper bound for the
             electrical potential. For normal nuclear densities this
             value is - 250 MeV. This suggests that the vacuum is stable
             against spontaneous formation of heavy, charged particles.
             © 1975 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.34.349},
   Key = {Muller:1975fh}
}

@article{art14,
   Author = {Smith, RK and Müller, B and Greiner, W and Greenberg, JS and Davis,
             CK},
   Title = {Sudden rearrangements in intermediate molecular
             systems},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {34},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {117-120},
   Year = {1975},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.34.117},
   Abstract = {Intensity oscillations are observed in the quasimolecular K
             x-ray spectrum emitted in high-energy Ni58-Ni58 collisions.
             The oscillating structure is shown, theoretically, to
             reflect the existence of a two-step mechanism for the
             production of molecular-orbital K x rays in which sudden
             rearrangements of molecular-orbital populations are produced
             by vibrations between atomic and molecular orbitals of
             K-hole states during the interpenetration of the electronic
             clouds. © 1975 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.34.117},
   Key = {art14}
}

@article{art12,
   Author = {Müller, B and Smith, RK and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Spectroscopy of superheavy two centre orbitals},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {53},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {401-404},
   Year = {1975},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {The inner shell molecular orbitals formed in heavy ion
             collisions become states of superheavy atoms as the two
             nuclei amalgamate. It is shown that there is a unique
             correspondence between the scattering energy, i.e., the
             distance of closest approach, and the shape of the molecular
             X-ray spectrum of a superheavy system. Thus molecular
             spectroscopy can be used to investigate the shell structure
             of superheavy quasimolecules and even, in the limit, of
             superheavy atoms. © 1975.},
   Key = {art12}
}

@article{art13,
   Author = {Smith, K and Muller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Dynamical theory of intermediate molecular phenomena in
             heavy ion scattering},
   Journal = {Journal of the Physics B: Atomic and Molecular
             Physics},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {75-101},
   Year = {1975},
   ISSN = {0022-3700},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3700/8/1/013},
   Abstract = {A general formulation of the collision between two heavy
             ions is presented. While this formalism may also be applied
             to nuclear structure problems, the emphasis is placed upon
             the electronic structure. Molecular and relativistic effects
             on the electronic motion are incorporated into the formalism
             through the two-centre-many-body-Dirac equation. The various
             couplings of the electronic system to the nuclear system are
             illustrated in two cases. First the relative nuclear motion
             is treated quantum mechanically and then the semiclassical
             description of this motion is presented. The formalism is
             applied to inner shell vacancy production, molecular X-ray
             transitions and both induced and autoionized positron
             spectra of the quantum electrodynamics of strong fields.
             Also induced and spontaneous and induced radiationless
             transitions are discussed.},
   Doi = {10.1088/0022-3700/8/1/013},
   Key = {art13}
}

@article{art09,
   Author = {Müller, B and Kent-Smith, R and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Induced radiative transitions of intermediate molecules in
             heavy ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {49},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {219-223},
   Year = {1974},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   Abstract = {Three types of transitions exists in intermediate molecules
             occuring in heavy ion scattering: spontaneous radiative,
             induced non-radiative, and induced radiative decay. The
             latter ones yield an asymmetric angular distribution for
             molecular X-rays with respect to the ion-beam axis. The
             experimental verification of this effect would furnish an
             experimentum crucis for both, the existence of molecular
             X-rays and the induced radiative transitions. ©
             1974.},
   Key = {art09}
}

@article{art08,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The change of the vacuum in superheavy quasimolecules},
   Journal = {Phys. Scripta},
   Volume = {10A},
   Pages = {170-174},
   Year = {1974},
   Key = {art08}
}

@article{art07,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B and Soff, G and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Critical discussion of the vacuum polarization measurements
             in muonic atoms},
   Journal = {Annals of Physics},
   Volume = {88},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {419-453},
   Year = {1974},
   ISSN = {0003-4916},
   Abstract = {Recent disagreement between theoretical and experimental
             values of transition energies for outer states in muonic
             atoms is discussed in the range of 150-440 keV. A brief
             review of the present status of calculation of the
             theoretical contributions is given. A rigorous theoretical
             framework for the electron-muon system is considered. A set
             of self-consistent equations is derived. Several mechanisms
             for the explanation of the discrepancy are discussed. No
             explanation within the frame of standard quantum
             electrodynamics is found. © 1974.},
   Key = {art07}
}

@article{art06,
   Author = {Smith, K and Peitz, H and Müller, B and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Induced decay of the neutral vaccum in overcritical fields
             occurring in heavy-ion collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {554-556},
   Year = {1974},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.32.554},
   Abstract = {In critical or nearly critical heavy-ion collisions, induced
             as well as spontaneous energyless e-e+ pair creation result
             in the decay of the neutral vacuum. Induced transitions from
             the negative-energy continuum into a vacant molecular 1s
             level can occur even in the absence of diving and produce a
             substantial enhancement and broadening of the previously
             considered spontaneous positron spectrum. Total cross
             sections of 5 b have been calculated for U-U collisions. ©
             1974 The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.32.554},
   Key = {art06}
}

@article{Rafelski:1974rh,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The charged vacuum in over-critical fields},
   Journal = {Nuclear Physics B},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {585-604},
   Year = {1974},
   ISSN = {0550-3213},
   Abstract = {The concept of over-critical fields, i.e. fields in which
             spontaneous, energy-less electron-position pair creation may
             occur, is discussed. It is shown that only a charged vacuum
             can be a stable ground state of the overcritical field. The
             time-dependent treatment confirms previous results for the
             cross sections for the auto-ionizing positrons. The
             questions in connection with the classical Dirac wave
             functions in over-critical fields are extensively discussed
             in the frame of the self-consistent formulation of QED
             including the effects of vacuum polarization and
             self-energy. © 1974.},
   Key = {Rafelski:1974rh}
}

@article{Soff:1974sp,
   Author = {Soff, G and uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J},
   Title = {Precise values for critical fields in quantum
             electrodynamics},
   Journal = {Z. Naturforsch.},
   Volume = {29A},
   Pages = {1267-1275},
   Year = {1974},
   Key = {Soff:1974sp}
}

@article{art11,
   Author = {Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Theory of induced molecular-orbital K X rays in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {469-473},
   Year = {1974},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.469},
   Abstract = {The mechanisms of spontaneous and induced emission of
             radiation are derived from the Dirac equation in a rotating
             coordinate system. The molecular-orbital x-ray spectra
             exhibit a strong asymmetry with respect to the beam axis.
             The asymmetry peaks for the high-energy transitions, which
             can be used for spectroscopy of two-center orbitals. © 1974
             The American Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.469},
   Key = {art11}
}

@article{art10,
   Author = {Soff, G and Müller, B},
   Title = {Transition energies in the ionized Br+Br
             quasi-molecule},
   Journal = {Lettere al Nuovo Cimento Series 2},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {14},
   Pages = {557-560},
   Year = {1974},
   ISSN = {0375-930X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02759371},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF02759371},
   Key = {art10}
}

@article{fds318460,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Mueller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {The charged vacuum in overcritical fields},
   Journal = {NUKLEONIKA},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {7-8},
   Pages = {747-765},
   Year = {1974},
   Key = {fds318460}
}

@article{Muller:1973ya,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Solution of the Dirac equation with two Coulomb
             centres},
   Journal = {Physics Letters B},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {5-7},
   Year = {1973},
   ISSN = {0370-2693},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(73)90554-6},
   Abstract = {The Dirac equation for a relativistic particle (electron) in
             the field of two Coulomb centres Z1 and Z2 - pointlike as
             well as extended charges - has been solved. The systems
             BrBr, IAu, UU are shown as examples. © 1973.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(73)90554-6},
   Key = {Muller:1973ya}
}

@article{art05,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Electron wave functions in over-critical electrostatic
             potentials},
   Journal = {Il Nuovo Cimento A Series 10},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {551-573},
   Year = {1973},
   ISSN = {0369-3546},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02722798},
   Abstract = {The mathematical properties of the solutions of the Dirac
             equation in over-critical external potentials are
             investigated. The 1/r Coulomb potential is treated as the
             limit R → 0 of cut-off Coulomb potentials (R is the
             cut-off parameter). The results are interpreted in terms of
             quantum electrodynamics. A number of new physical phenomena
             occur in quantum electrodynamics of strong fields. One of
             the most interesting ones is the autoionization of positrons
             (energyless creation of electron-positron pairs) in
             over-critical external fields. © 1973 Società Italiana di
             Fisica.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF02722798},
   Key = {art05}
}

@article{art04,
   Author = {Soff, G and uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Solution of the Dirac equation for scalar potentials and its
             implications in atomic physics},
   Journal = {Z. Naturforsch.},
   Volume = {28a},
   Pages = {1389-1396},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {art04}
}

@article{art03,
   Author = {Peitz, H and Müller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Autoionization spectra of positrons in heavy-ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {Lettere al Nuovo Cimento Series 2},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {37-42},
   Year = {1973},
   ISSN = {0375-930X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02727627},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF02727627},
   Key = {art03}
}

@article{art02,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Auto-ionization of positrons in heavy ion
             collisions},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal A - Hadrons and
             Nuclei},
   Volume = {257},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {183-211},
   Year = {1972},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01401203},
   Abstract = {Autoionization of positrons occurs as a fundamentally new
             process of quantum electrodynamics, if empty 1 s- or 2 p1/2-
             etc. electronic shells obtain binding energies larger than 2
             mec2. This effect should be experimentally observable in the
             scattering of very heavy ions (Z≧80) on each other since
             in such collisions superheavy electronic molecules are
             formed (superheavy quasi-molecules). The scattering
             mechanism and the distribution of autoionization positrons
             are discussed. The adiabaticity of the heavy ion collision
             is studied and the electron-positron pair production
             background to the ionization problem is estimated. Analytic
             solutions are obtained for 1/r-potentials for the case
             Zα≧1. The phase shifts of negative energy solutions in
             the case of cutoff Coulomb potentials reveal the accuracy of
             the autoionization formalism. © 1972 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01401203},
   Key = {art02}
}

@article{art01,
   Author = {Rafelski, J and Müller, B and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Superheavy electronic molecules},
   Journal = {Lettere al Nuovo Cimento Series 2},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {469-474},
   Year = {1972},
   ISSN = {0375-930X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02757147},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF02757147},
   Key = {art01}
}

@article{Peitz:1972zz,
   Author = {Müller, B and Peitz, H and Rafelski, J and Greiner,
             W},
   Title = {Solution of the dirac equation for strong external
             fields},
   Journal = {Physical Review Letters},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {19},
   Pages = {1235-1238},
   Year = {1972},
   ISSN = {0031-9007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.28.1235},
   Abstract = {The 1s bound state of superheavy atoms and molecules reaches
             a binding energy of -2mc2 at 169. It is shown that the K
             shell is still localized in r space even beyond this
             critical proton number and that it has a width Γ (several
             keV large) which is a positron escape width for ionized K
             shells. The suggestion is made that this effect can be
             observed in the collision of very heavy ions (superheavy
             molecules) during the collision. © 1972 The American
             Physical Society.},
   Doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.28.1235},
   Key = {Peitz:1972zz}
}

@article{Muller:1972ab,
   Author = {uuml, M and ller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Electron shells in strong external fields},
   Journal = {Z. Phys. A},
   Volume = {257},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {62-77},
   Year = {1972},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01398198},
   Abstract = {When the charge of a nucleus exceeds Z=Zcr≈ 164-172
             the energy of the 1 s-electron level is lowered beyond the
             critical value of -mec2. Then this bound level is
             degenerated with negative energy continuum solutions of the
             Dirac equation and becomes a resonance, whose shape varies
             and is approximately of Breit-Wigner type for Z-Zcr≳5.
             The physical meaning of this resonance can be understood
             most easily if the 1 s-level is unoccupied (K-hole). In this
             case a positron may escape if Z>Zcr, a process, that can
             be interpreted as auto-ionization of the positron. This
             fundamentally new process of quantum electrodynamics of
             strong fields can be tested experimentally by scattering
             very heavy ions (Z≧80) on each other since in such
             collisions superheavy electronic molecules occur (superheavy
             quasimolecules). © 1972 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01398198},
   Key = {Muller:1972ab}
}

@article{fds304599,
   Author = {Müller, B and Rafelski, J and Greiner, W},
   Title = {Electron shells in over-critical external
             fields},
   Journal = {The European Physical Journal A - Hadrons and
             Nuclei},
   Volume = {257},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {62-77},
   Year = {1972},
   ISSN = {1434-6001},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01398198},
   Abstract = {When the charge of a nucleus exceeds Z=Zcr≈ 164-172 the
             energy of the 1 s-electron level is lowered beyond the
             critical value of -mec2. Then this bound level is
             degenerated with negative energy continuum solutions of the
             Dirac equation and becomes a resonance, whose shape varies
             and is approximately of Breit-Wigner type for Z-Zcr≳5. The
             physical meaning of this resonance can be understood most
             easily if the 1 s-level is unoccupied (K-hole). In this case
             a positron may escape if Z>Zcr, a process, that can be
             interpreted as auto-ionization of the positron. This
             fundamentally new process of quantum electrodynamics of
             strong fields can be tested experimentally by scattering
             very heavy ions (Z≧80) on each other since in such
             collisions superheavy electronic molecules occur (superheavy
             quasimolecules). © 1972 Springer-Verlag.},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF01398198},
   Key = {fds304599}
}


%% Papers Submitted   
@article{fds226030,
   Author = {Müller, B.},
   Title = { A New Phase of Matter: Quark-Gluon Plasma Beyond the
             Hagedorn Critical Temperature},
   Booktitle = {Melting Hadrons, Boiling Quarks},
   Publisher = {Springer},
   Editor = {Rolf Hagedorn and Johann Rafelski},
   Year = {2015},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1501.06077},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.06077},
   Key = {fds226030}
}

@article{fds225720,
   Author = {Monnai, A. and Müller, B.},
   Title = {Collinear parton splitting in early thermalization and
             chemical equilibration},
   Year = {2014},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1403.7310.pdf},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1403.7310},
   Key = {fds225720}
}

@article{fds211280,
   Author = {Coleman-Smith, C.E. and Müller, B.},
   Title = {Constituent mass dependence of transport coefficients in
             a quark-gluon plasma},
   Year = {2012},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1209.3328},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1209.3328},
   Key = {fds211280}
}


%% Preprints   
@article{fds201480,
   Author = {Foster, J.G. and Müller, B},
   Title = {Physics with two time dimensions},
   Year = {2010},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/1001.2485},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.2485},
   Key = {fds201480}
}

@article{fds21287,
   Author = {Biro, T.S. and Müller, B.},
   Title = {Chaotic quantization of four-dimensional U(1) lattice gauge
             theory},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-lat/0307028},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-lat/0307028},
   Key = {fds21287}
}

@article{fds21288,
   Author = {Müller, B. and Schäfer, A.},
   Title = {Entropy production in high energy processes},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0306309},
   Abstract = {http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0306309},
   Key = {fds21288}
}


%% Other   
@misc{fds138723,
   Author = {Jacobs, P. and Kharzeev, D. and Müller, B. and Nagle, J. and Rajagopal, K. and Vigdor, S.},
   Title = {Phases of QCD: Summary of the Rutgers long range plan
             town meeting, January 12-14, 2007},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://arXiv.org/pdf/0705.1930},
   Abstract = {http://arXiv.org/abs/0705.1930},
   Key = {fds138723}
}

@misc{fds14816,
   Author = {Carlson, J. and Holstein, B. and Ji, X.D. and McLaughlin, G. and Müller, B. and Nazarewicz, W. and Rajagopal, K. and Roberts, W. and Wang, X.N.},
   Title = {A vision for nuclear theory},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {November},
   url = {http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0311056},
   Abstract = {This is the report of the NSAC Subcommittee on Nuclear
             Theory in response to a charge by the funding agencies to
             review and evaluate current NSF and DOE supported efforts in
             nuclear theory and identify strategic plans to ensure a
             strong U.S. nuclear theory program under various funding
             scenarios.},
   Key = {fds14816}
}