History Faculty Database
Arts & Sciences
Duke University

 HOME > Arts & Sciences > History > Faculty    Search Help Login pdf version printable version 

Publications of Bruce S. Hall    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  by tags listing:

%% Books   
   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {A history of race in Muslim West Africa,
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Address = {New York},
   Year = {2011},
   url = {http://www.cambridge.org/us/knowledge/isbn/item6038441/?site_locale=en_US},
   Abstract = {The mobilization of local ideas about racial difference has
             been important in generating, and intensifying, civil wars
             that have occurred in all of the countries that straddle the
             southern edge of the Sahara Desert (or Sahel) since the end
             of colonial rule. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial
             categories deployed in contemporary conflicts often hearken
             back to an older history in which blackness could be equated
             with slavery and non-blackness (i.e. Arab-ness, Tuareg-ness,
             Fulbe-ness, etc.) with predatory and uncivilized banditry.
             This book traces the development of arguments about race
             over a period of more than three hundred and fifty years
             (1600-1960) in one important place along the southern edge
             of the Sahara Desert, the Niger Bend in northern Mali. Using
             local Arabic documents held in Timbuktu, as well as local
             colonial sources in French and oral interviews, the book
             demonstrates that local arguments about racial difference
             long predated colonial conquest.},
   Key = {fds295466}

%% Journal Articles   
   Author = {B.S. Hall and Lecocq, B and Mann, G and Whitehouse, B and Badi, D and Pelckmans, L and Belalimat, N and Hall, B and Lacher, W},
   Title = {One hippopotamus and eight blind analysts: a multivocal
             analysis of the 2012 political crisis in the divided
             Republic of Mali},
   Journal = {Review of African Political Economy},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {137},
   Pages = {343-357},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03056244.2013.799063},
   Abstract = {This is an exercise in contemporary history that aims to
             give a comprehensive background and analysis to the 2012
             political crisis in Mali, generated by the start of a new
             Tuareg nationalist uprising against the state, complemented
             by a coordinated attack on the state by both international
             (AQIM) and local Jihadi–Salafi movements, leading to a
             coup d’état against the incumbent President Touré, and
             finally a political stalemate of great concern to the
             international community.},
   Doi = {10.1080/03056244.2013.799063},
   Key = {fds295464}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Saharan commerce and Islamic law: The question of usury
             (Ribā) in the Nawāzil literature of Mali and Mauritania,
   Journal = {African Economic History},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {41},
   Pages = {1-18},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {fds321571}

   Author = {Bruce S. Hall},
   Title = {"Saharan Commerce and Islamic Law: The Question of Usury 1
             (ribā) in the Nawāzil Literature of Mali and Mauritania,
   Journal = {African Economic History},
   Volume = {41},
   Pages = {1-20},
   Year = {2013},
   Key = {fds225368}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Arguing sovereignty in Songhay},
   Journal = {Afriques: Débats, methods et terraines d’histoire},
   Volume = {4},
   Pages = {1-17},
   Year = {2013},
   Abstract = {Recent archaeological, historical, and anthropological
             literature on the development of social and political
             complexity in Africa challenges older models of state
             formation that once informed the understanding of medieval
             Sahelian empires such as Songhay. We now know that there
             were multiple paths to complexity that did not necessarily
             lead to state formation, and that there was a heterarchical
             distribution of power in many African political formations.
             Despite this, the historiography of pre-colonial states in
             Sahelian West Africa, and of the role of Islam in these
             political formations, retains an attachment to a particular
             model of statehood derived from Arabic geographies and
             chronicles. Emphasis continues to be placed on military
             power and a largely ambivalent relationship between Islam
             and indigenous forms of authority. In this article, I offer
             a reinterpretation of the exercise and rhetoric of
             sovereignty in imperial Songhay by focusing on some of the
             ways in which Islamic authority was claimed and contested by
             its rulers. I argue that Songhay rulers claimed a religious
             authority that far outstripped their coercive power. Instead
             of an ambivalent relationship between the Muslim religious
             estate and secular power, Islamic religious authority was
             the principal basis of Songhay rulers’ claims to extensive
   Key = {fds295465}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {A History of Libya},
   Journal = {The International journal of African historical
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {332-333},
   Year = {2013},
   Key = {fds321570}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
             CENTRAL SAHARA},
   Journal = {The Journal of African History},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {279-297},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0021-8537},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000299599700001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {Historians of slavery in Africa have long struggled to
             recover the voices of enslaved people. In this article, an
             unusual set of sources found in Timbuktu (Mali) reveals the
             existence of a stratum of literate, Muslim slaves who wrote
             and received letters written in Arabic. These letters make
             it possible to probe the Islamic rhetoric used by Muslim
             slaves and ask how enslaved people who adopted Islam
             understood their faith. Did Muslim slaves arrive at
             different interpretations of Islam than those Muslims who
             were free? Using the correspondence of two slaves who worked
             as agents in their master’s commercial activities in the
             Niger Bend and Central Sahara during the second half of the
             nineteenth century, the article demonstrates the extent to
             which Muslim slaves used appeals to their own piety in
             attempting to carve out a certain amount of social autonomy.
             For these Muslim slaves, Islam could be made to serve both
             spiritual and practical ends. And yet, this did not require
             slaves to interpret Islam in ways that rejected the
             legitimacy of slavery.},
   Doi = {10.1017/S0021853711000491},
   Key = {fds295467}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Bellah Histories of Decolonization, Iklan Paths to Freedom:
             The Meanings of Race and Slavery in the Late-Colonial Niger
             Bend (Mali), 1944-1960},
   Journal = {The International journal of African historical
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {61-87},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0361-7882},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000292753100004&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds295468}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {A History of Libya. By John Wright},
   Journal = {The International journal of African historical
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {458-460},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds321572}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {The Question of ‘Race’ in the Pre-colonial Southern
   Journal = {Journal of North African Studies},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {339-367},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/6642 Duke open
   Key = {fds295469}

%% Book Chapters   
   Author = {Hall, BS and Addoun, YD},
   Title = {“The Arabic Letters of the Ghadames Slaves in the Niger
             Bend, 1860-1900”},
   Pages = {pp.485-500},
   Booktitle = {African Slavery/African Voices},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Address = {New York},
   Editor = {Bellagamba, A and Greene, S and Brown, C and Klein,
   Year = {2013},
   Abstract = {This is an annotated translation of ten letters with an
   Key = {fds295459}

   Author = {Hall, BS and Stewart, CC},
   Title = {The historic ‘Core Curriculum,’ and the book market in
             Islamic West Africa},
   Pages = {109-74},
   Booktitle = {The Trans-Saharan Book Trade: Arabic Literacy, Manuscript
             Culture, and Intellectual History in Islamic
   Publisher = {Brill},
   Address = {Leiden},
   Editor = {Krätli, G and Lydon, G},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds295456}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {An early Tuareg anti-colonial manifesto? A local critique of
             the French occupation of the Niger Bend},
   Pages = {107-47},
   Booktitle = {Le Temps des Oulèmas: les manuscrits africains comme
             sources historiques},
   Publisher = {Etudes Nigeriens},
   Address = {Niamey},
   Editor = {Moumouni, S and Pawlikova-Vilhanova, V},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds295454}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Bellah Highwaymen: Slave banditry and crime in colonial
             northern Mali},
   Pages = {193-215},
   Booktitle = {Islam, Slavery and Diaspora},
   Publisher = {Africa World Press},
   Address = {Trenton, NJ},
   Editor = {Montana, IM and Mirzai, BA and Lovejoy, P},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds295455}

%% Book Reviews   
   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Review of Judith Scheele, Smugglers and Saints of the
             Sahara: regional connectivity in the twentieth century (New
             York: Cambridge University Press, 2012)},
   Journal = {Politique Africaine},
   Number = {131},
   Pages = {224-31},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds295463}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Review of John Wright, A History of Libya (New York:
             Columbia University Press, 2010).},
   Journal = {International Journal of African Historical
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {458-60},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds295460}

   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Review of Ghislaine Lydon, On Trans-Saharan Trails: Islamic
             Law, Trade Networks, and Cross-Cultural Exchange in
             Nineteenth-Century Western Africa (Cambridge University
             Press, 2009)},
   Journal = {Journal of World History},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {618-21},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds295461}

%% Other   
   Author = {Hall, BS},
   Title = {Historiography of Islamic Africa},
   Booktitle = {New Encyclopedia of Africa},
   Publisher = {Charles Scribner’s Sons},
   Address = {New York},
   Editor = {Middleton, J and Miller, J},
   Year = {2008},
   Key = {fds295453}

Duke University * Arts & Sciences * History * Faculty * Staff * Grad * Reload * Login