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Publications of Alexander Kirshner    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Books   
   Author = {Kirshner, AS},
   Title = {A theory of militant democracy: The ethics of combatting
             political extremism},
   Pages = {1-208},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {June},
   ISBN = {9780300188240},
   Abstract = {How should pro-democratic forces safeguard representative
             government from anti-democratic forces? By granting rights
             of participation to groups that do not share democratic
             values, democracies may endanger the very rights they have
             granted; but denying these rights may also undermine
             democratic values. Alexander Kirshner offers a set of
             principles for determining when one may reasonably refuse
             rights of participation, and he defends this theory through
             real-world examples, ranging from the far-right British
             Nationalist Party to Turkey's Islamist Welfare Party to
             America's Democratic Party during Reconstruction. © 2014 by
             Alexander S. Kirshner. All rights reserved.},
   Key = {fds297070}

   Author = {A.S. Kirshner},
   Title = {A Theory of Militant Democracy: The Ethics of Combating
             Political Extremism},
   Publisher = {Yale University Press},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://www.amazon.com/Theory-Militant-Democracy-Combatting-Political/dp/0300188242},
   Key = {fds219487}

   Author = {Shapiro, I and Stokes, SC and Wood, EJ and Kirshner,
   Title = {Political representation},
   Pages = {1-368},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780521111270},
   url = {http://www.cambridge.org/mx/academic/subjects/politics-international-relations/political-theory/political-representation},
   Abstract = {Political representation lies at the core of modern
             politics. Democracies, with their vast numbers of citizens,
             could not operate without representative institutions. Yet
             relations between the democratic ideal and the everyday
             practice of political representation have never been well
             defined and remain the subject of vigorous debate among
             historians, political theorists, lawyers, and citizens. In
             this volume, an eminent group of scholars move forward the
             debates about political representation on a number of
             fronts. Drawing on insights from political science, history,
             political theory, economics, and anthropology, the authors
             provide much-needed clarity to some of the most vexing
             questions about political representation. They also reveal
             new and enlightening perspectives on this fundamental
             political practice. Topics discussed include representation
             before democracy, political parties, minorities, electoral
             competition, and ideology. This volume is essential reading
             for anyone interested in the ideal and the reality of
             political representation.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511813146},
   Key = {fds313395}

%% Journal Articles   
   Author = {Kirshner, AS},
   Title = {Can liberal integrity handle disagreement? Perhaps
   Journal = {Critical Review of International Social and Political
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {642-649},
   Year = {2021},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13698230.2020.1744078},
   Abstract = {Can liberal integrity handle disagreement? I suggest that it
             cannot. Shmuel Nili’ s The People’s Duty outlines a
             pedagogical approach to collective, liberal integrity–Nili
             claims that individuals act with integrity when they accept
             and act on the right projects and commitments, projects and
             commitments that they may not recognize as their own. The
             People’s Duty argues that this conception of integrity
             simplifies and clarifies the duties of a liberal national
             collective. When members of a national collective disagree,
             however, I argue we have reason to suspect that a
             pedagogical conception of integrity will not simplify and
             clarify our duties.},
   Doi = {10.1080/13698230.2020.1744078},
   Key = {fds349186}

   Author = {Rubenstein, J and Dovi, S and Pineda, ER and Woodly, D and Kirshner, AS and El Amine and L and Muirhead, R},
   Title = {Political and ethical action in the age of
   Journal = {Contemporary Political Theory},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {331-362},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {August},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41296-018-0225-4},
   Doi = {10.1057/s41296-018-0225-4},
   Key = {fds335624}

   Author = {Kirshner, AS},
   Title = {Nonideal democratic authority: The case of undemocratic
   Journal = {Politics, Philosophy & Economics},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {257-276},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {August},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1470594X17732068},
   Abstract = {Empirical research has transformed our understanding of
             autocratic institutions (Gandhi, 2008; Magaloni, 2006;
             Schedler, 2009). Yet democratic theorists remain
             laser-focused on ideal democracies, often contending that
             political equality is necessary to generate democratic
             authority (Buchanan, 2002; Christiano, 2008; Estlund, 2008;
             Kolodny, 2014B; Shapiro, 2002; Viehoff, 2014B, Waldron,
             1999). Those analyses neglect most nonideal democracies and
             autocracies – regimes featuring inequality and practices
             like gerrymandering. This essay fills that fundamental gap,
             outlining the difficulties of applying theories of
             democratic authority to nonideal regimes and challenging
             long-standing views about democratic authority. Focusing on
             autocrats that lose elections (for example, Sri Lanka,
             2015), I outline the democratic authority of nonideal,
             flawed procedures. Flawed elections are unjustifiably biased
             toward incumbents. But under certain conditions, ignoring an
             incumbent’s loss would require not treating one’s fellow
             citizens as equals. Under those conditions, therefore,
             citizens are bound to obey those electoral outcomes – that
             is, flawed procedures can possess democratic
   Doi = {10.1177/1470594X17732068},
   Key = {fds333911}

   Author = {Kirshner, AS},
   Title = {Legitimate opposition, ostracism, and the law of democracy
             in ancient athens},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1094-1106},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/686028},
   Abstract = {Traditionally, scholars have tied the emergence of
             legitimate opposition to the rise of political parties in
             the nineteenth century. Once governments acknowledged
             parties' and partisans' essential roles in representative
             government, they also established limits on legitimate
             opposition. Illegitimate opposition was now defined as the
             pursuit of unconstitutional, extreme, or disloyal ideals.
             This article upends the traditional understanding of
             legitimate opposition. Athenian democracy did not feature
             parties, but it did feature intense political competition.
             As I demonstrate, that competition was structured by a
             recognizable form of legitimate opposition. Focusing on the
             fifth century, I illustrate how Athens fostered contestation
             and where it drew the boundaries of opposition. Competitors
             were not sanctioned because of their ideals. Instead,
             Athenian institutions were antimonopolistic, blocking
             individuals from wielding excessive power. Recognizing
             Athens' distinctive, partyless model of legitimate
             opposition should lead us to fundamentally reconsider the
             practice and the dominant approaches to regulating political
             competition today.},
   Doi = {10.1086/686028},
   Key = {fds320385}

   Author = {Kirshner, AS},
   Title = {Democracy Disfigured: Opinion, Truth, and the People by
             NadiaUrbinati. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press,
             2014. 320 pp. $39.95.},
   Journal = {Political Science Quarterly},
   Volume = {130},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {554-555},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0032-3195},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000364586500018&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1002/polq.12369},
   Key = {fds313394}

   Author = {Kirshner, AS},
   Title = {Proceduralism and Popular Threats to Democracy},
   Journal = {Journal of Political Philosophy},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {405-424},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0963-8016},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000282873900003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1467-9760.2010.00370.x},
   Key = {fds297071}

%% Papers Submitted   
   Author = {A.S. Kirshner},
   Title = {Ostracism, Legitimate Opposition, and the Law of Democracy
             in Ancient Athens},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://polisci.duke.edu/uploads/media_items/alexkirshner.original.pdf},
   Abstract = {In this essay I overturn a long standing belief that the
             practice of legitimate opposition was discovered in the late
             18th century in United States and Great Britain. Examining
             the institutions and practices of fifth century Athens, I
             show that the Athenians engaged in the practice. I draw out
             a series of important normative and theoretical implications
             on the basis of this conclusion.},
   Key = {fds223447}

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