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Publications of Gary G. Bennett    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Journal Articles   
@article{fds342400,
   Author = {Steinberg, D and Kay, M and Burroughs, J and Svetkey, LP and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {The Effect of a Digital Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention
             on Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
             (DASH) Dietary Pattern in Medically Vulnerable Primary Care
             Patients: Results from a Randomized Controlled
             Trial.},
   Journal = {Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics},
   Volume = {119},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {574-584},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2018.12.011},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Obesity treatment focuses primarily on reducing
             overall caloric intake with limited focus on improving diet
             quality. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)
             dietary pattern is effective in managing hypertension and
             other chronic conditions, yet it is not clear whether
             behavioral weight control interventions improve DASH
             adherence. We conducted a post hoc analysis of a behavioral
             weight loss intervention that did not emphasize diet quality
             and examined whether the intervention impacted DASH
             adherence in medically vulnerable community health center
             patients. METHODS:Participants (n=306) were enrolled in
             Track, a randomized controlled weight loss intervention for
             patients with elevated cardiovascular risk. The trial
             compared usual care to an intervention with weekly
             self-monitoring, tailored feedback on diet and exercise
             goals, and dietitian and provider counseling in community
             health centers. Dietary intake was measured using the Block
             Food Frequency Questionnaires collected at baseline and 12
             months. DASH adherence was determined using previously
             validated scoring indices that assessed adherence based on
             recommended nutrient or food group targets. Total scores for
             both indices ranged from 0 to 9, with higher scores
             indicating greater DASH adherence. RESULTS:The mean (and
             standard deviation [SD]) age of participants was 51.1
             (SD=8.8) years and the mean body mass index was 35.9
             (SD=3.9). Most were female (69%) and black (51%); 13% were
             Hispanic. Half (51%) had an annual income <$25,000 and 33%
             had both diabetes and hypertension. At baseline, the mean
             DASH nutrient score was 1.81 (SD=1.42) with 6% achieving at
             least a score of 4.5. Similar scores were seen for the DASH
             foods index. The intervention group saw significantly
             greater, albeit small, improvements in mean DASH nutrient
             score (intervention: 1.28 [SD=1.5] vs control: 0.20
             [SD=1.3]; P<0.001), and there was no difference in DASH food
             score between study arms. There were no significant
             predictors of change in DASH score and no association
             between DASH adherence and changes in blood pressure. Within
             the intervention arm, improvements in DASH nutrient score
             were associated with greater weight loss (r=-0.28; P=0.003).
             CONCLUSION:Although the intervention was not designed to
             increase adoption of DASH, the Track intervention produced
             significant weight loss and small improvements in DASH
             adherence. Despite these small improvements, overall
             adoption of DASH was poor among the medically vulnerable
             patients enrolled in Track. To further reduce chronic
             disease burden, weight loss interventions should include a
             focus on both caloric restriction and increasing diet
             quality.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jand.2018.12.011},
   Key = {fds342400}
}

@article{fds342401,
   Author = {McVay, M and Steinberg, D and Askew, S and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Provider Counseling and Weight Loss Outcomes in a Primary
             Care-Based Digital Obesity Treatment.},
   Journal = {Journal of General Internal Medicine},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04944-5},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Primary care-based digital health weight loss
             interventions offer promise for addressing obesity in
             underserved populations. OBJECTIVES:To determine if primary
             care providers' weight counseling is associated with weight
             change during a weight loss intervention. DESIGN:This is a
             secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial testing a
             12-month primary care-based digital health weight loss
             intervention. PARTICIPANTS:Participants were community
             health center patients with body mass indexes of
             30-44.9 kg/m2. INTERVENTIONS:The weight loss intervention
             included tailored behavioral goal setting; weekly goal
             monitoring via text messaging or interactive voice response
             calls; counseling calls; skills training material; and
             participant-tailored recommendations for provider
             counseling. MAIN MEASURES:At 6 and 12 months, participants'
             weight was measured and they reported if their provider
             delivered weight counseling (general or intervention-specific)
             at their most recent visit and their perception of
             providers' empathy. Providers' documentation of weight
             counseling was extracted from health records. KEY
             RESULTS:Participants (n = 134-141) were predominantly
             female (70%) and African American (55%) with a mean age of
             51 years and BMI of 36 kg/m2. Participant-reported
             provider weight counseling was not associated with weight
             change. However, participants whose providers documented
             intervention-specific counseling at any point during the
             intervention (n = 35) lost 3.1 kg (95% CI 0.4 to
             5.7 kg) more than those whose providers documented only
             general weight counseling (n = 82) and 4.0 kg (95% CI
             0.1 to 7.9 kg) more than those whose providers did not
             document weight counseling (n = 17). Perceptions of
             provider empathy were associated with greater weight loss
             from 6 to 12 months (0.8 kg per measure unit, 95% CI 0.07
             to 1.5 kg, p = .03). CONCLUSIONS:Provider counseling
             that focuses specifically on engagement in a weight loss
             intervention may enhance weight loss outcomes relative to
             more general weight loss advice. Counseling that enhances
             patients' perceptions of empathy may be most beneficial for
             patients' weight loss. TRIAL REGISTRATION:NCT
             01827800.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11606-019-04944-5},
   Key = {fds342401}
}

@article{fds342555,
   Author = {Patel, ML and Hopkins, CM and Brooks, TL and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Comparing Self-Monitoring Strategies for Weight Loss in a
             Smartphone App: Randomized Controlled Trial.},
   Journal = {Jmir Mhealth and Uhealth},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {e12209},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {February},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12209},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Self-monitoring of dietary intake is a valuable
             component of behavioral weight loss treatment; however, it
             declines quickly, thereby resulting in suboptimal treatment
             outcomes. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to examine a novel
             behavioral weight loss intervention that aims to attenuate
             the decline in dietary self-monitoring engagement.
             METHODS:GoalTracker was an automated randomized controlled
             trial. Participants were adults with overweight or obesity
             (n=105; aged 21-65 years; body mass index, BMI, 25-45 kg/m2)
             and were randomized to a 12-week stand-alone weight loss
             intervention using the MyFitnessPal smartphone app for daily
             self-monitoring of either (1) both weight and diet, with
             weekly lessons, action plans, and feedback (Simultaneous);
             (2) weight through week 4, then added diet, with the same
             behavioral components (Sequential); or (3) only diet
             (App-Only). All groups received a goal to lose 5% of initial
             weight by 12 weeks, a tailored calorie goal, and automated
             in-app reminders. Participants were recruited via online and
             offline methods. Weight was collected in-person at baseline,
             1 month, and 3 months using calibrated scales and via
             self-report at 6 months. We retrieved objective
             self-monitoring engagement data from MyFitnessPal using an
             application programming interface. Engagement was defined as
             the number of days per week in which tracking occurred, with
             diet entries counted if ≥800 kcal per day. Other
             assessment data were collected in-person via online
             self-report questionnaires. RESULTS:At baseline,
             participants (84/100 female) had a mean age (SD) of 42.7
             (11.7) years and a BMI of 31.9 (SD 4.5) kg/m2. One-third
             (33/100) were from racial or ethnic minority groups. During
             the trial, 5 participants became ineligible. Of the
             remaining 100 participants, 84% (84/100) and 76% (76/100)
             completed the 1-month and 3-month visits, respectively. In
             intent-to-treat analyses, there was no difference in weight
             change at 3 months between the Sequential arm (mean -2.7 kg,
             95% CI -3.9 to -1.5) and either the App-Only arm (-2.4 kg,
             -3.7 to -1.2; P=.78) or the Simultaneous arm (-2.8 kg, -4.0
             to -1.5; P=.72). The median number of days of
             self-monitoring diet per week was 1.9 (interquartile range
             [IQR] 0.3-5.5) in Sequential (once began), 5.3 (IQR 1.8-6.7)
             in Simultaneous, and 2.9 (IQR 1.2-5.2) in App-Only. Weight
             was tracked 4.8 (IQR 1.9-6.3) days per week in Sequential
             and 5.1 (IQR 1.8-6.3) days per week in Simultaneous.
             Engagement in neither diet nor weight tracking differed
             between arms. CONCLUSIONS:Regardless of the order in which
             diet is tracked, using tailored goals and a commercial
             mobile app can produce clinically significant weight loss.
             Stand-alone digital health treatments may be a viable option
             for those looking for a lower intensity approach. TRIAL
             REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03254953;
             https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03254953 (Archived by
             WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/72PyQrFjn).},
   Doi = {10.2196/12209},
   Key = {fds342555}
}

@article{fds342556,
   Author = {Shaw, R and Levine, E and Streicher, M and Strawbridge, E and Gierisch,
             J and Pendergast, J and Hale, S and Reed, S and McVay, M and Simmons, D and Yancy, W and Bennett, G and Voils, C},
   Title = {Log2Lose: Development and Lessons Learned From a Mobile
             Technology Weight Loss Intervention.},
   Journal = {Jmir Mhealth and Uhealth},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {e11972},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {February},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11972},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Providing financial incentives has gained
             popularity as a strategy to promote weight loss, but
             questions remain about how best to utilize them. A promising
             mobile health strategy provides users with near-real-time
             financial incentives based on both the process of weight
             loss (behavioral modification) and actual weight loss. To
             maximize the impact of this strategy, a methodology is
             needed to close the gap between the desired behavior and the
             financial incentive. Leveraging mobile health tools-such as
             mobile phone apps, cellular body weight scales that transmit
             data to physicians and researchers, and text messaging for
             instructions and encouragement-has the potential to close
             this gap. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to describe the
             development of an innovative technology-based solution and
             lessons learned from a feasibility trial-Log2Lose-that
             encouraged individuals to lose weight by providing
             near-real-time financial incentives for weight loss and/or
             dietary self-monitoring. METHODS:We recruited participants
             (N=96) with a body mass index greater than or equal to 30
             kg/m2 for a 24-week weight loss trial. Participants received
             a behavioral intervention of biweekly, in-person group
             sessions and were instructed to log a minimum number of
             daily calories in MyFitnessPal and to step on the BodyTrace
             cellular scale at least twice per week. In a 2×2 design,
             participants were randomized into 4 groups to receive
             financial incentives for the following: (group 1) weekly
             weight loss and dietary self-monitoring, (group 2) dietary
             self-monitoring only, (group 3) weekly weight loss only, or
             (group 4) no financial incentives. Diet and weight data from
             the devices were obtained through application programming
             interfaces. Each week, we applied algorithms to
             participants' data to determine whether they qualified for a
             monetary incentive (groups 1-3). A text message notified
             these participants of whether they met weight loss and/or
             self-monitoring requirements to earn an incentive and the
             amount they earned or would have earned. The money was
             uploaded to a debit card. RESULTS:Our custom-engineered
             software platform analyzed data from multiple sources,
             collated and processed the data to send appropriate text
             messages automatically, and informed study staff of the
             appropriate incentives. We present lessons learned from the
             development of the software system and challenges
             encountered with technology, data transmission, and
             participants (eg, lost connections or delayed
             communication). CONCLUSIONS:With consistent and constant
             validation checks and a robust beta test run, the process of
             analyzing data and determining eligibility for weekly
             incentives can be mostly automated. We were able to
             accomplish this project within an academic health system,
             which required significant security and privacy safeguards.
             Our success demonstrates how this methodology of automated
             feedback loops can provide health interventions via mobile
             technology. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov
             NCT02691260; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02691260.},
   Doi = {10.2196/11972},
   Key = {fds342556}
}

@article{fds340595,
   Author = {Kay, MC and Burroughs, J and Askew, S and Bennett, GG and Armstrong, S and Steinberg, DM},
   Title = {Digital Weight Loss Intervention for Parents of Children
             Being Treated for Obesity: A Prospective Cohort Feasibility
             Trial.},
   Journal = {Journal of Medical Internet Research},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {e11093},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11093},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:The prevalence of childhood obesity continues to
             increase, and clinic-based treatment options have failed to
             demonstrate effectiveness. One of the strongest predictors
             of child weight is parent weight. Parental treatment for
             weight loss may indirectly reduce obesity in the child. We
             have previously demonstrated the effectiveness among adults
             of a fully automated, evidence-based digital weight loss
             intervention (Track). However, it is unknown if it is
             feasible to deliver such a treatment directly to parents
             with obesity who bring their child with obesity to a weight
             management clinic for treatment. OBJECTIVE:The objective of
             our study was to evaluate the feasibility of and engagement
             with a digital weight loss intervention among parents of
             children receiving treatment for obesity. METHODS:We
             conducted a 6-month pre-post feasibility trial among parents
             or guardians and their children aged 4-16 years presenting
             for tertiary care obesity treatment. Along with the standard
             family-based treatment protocol, parents received a 6-month
             digital weight loss intervention, which included weekly
             monitoring of personalized behavior change goals via mobile
             technologies. We examined levels of engagement by tracking
             completed weeks of self-monitoring and feasibility by
             assessing change in weight. RESULTS:Participants (N=48) were
             on average 39 years old, mostly female (35/42, 82% ),
             non-Hispanic Black individuals (21/41, 51%) with obesity
             (36/48, 75%). Over a quarter had a yearly household income
             of <US $25,000, and about a third had the equivalent of a
             high school education. Children were on average 10 years old
             and had a body mass index of 29.8 kg/m2. The median
             percentage of weeks participants tracked their behaviors was
             77% (18.5/24 total weeks; interquartile range [IQR] 6.3 to
             100). The median number of attempts via phone or text
             message (short message service) required to complete one
             tracking week was 3.3 (IQR 2.6 to 4.9). Nearly half (23/48,
             48%) had high levels of engagement, completing 80% (19/24)
             or more weeks of tracking. Of the 26 participants with
             weight measurements reported at 6 months, of which 81%
             (21/26) were self-reported, there was a median 2.44 kg (IQR
             -6.5 to 1.0) decrease in weight. CONCLUSIONS:It is feasible
             to deliver an evidence-based digital weight loss
             intervention to parents or guardians whose children are
             enrolled in a weight management program. Given the
             feasibility of this approach, future studies should
             investigate the effectiveness of digital weight loss
             interventions for parents on child weight and health
             outcomes.},
   Doi = {10.2196/11093},
   Key = {fds340595}
}

@article{fds339361,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Steinberg, D and Askew, S and Levine, E and Foley, P and Batch, BC and Svetkey, LP and Bosworth, HB and Puleo, EM and Brewer, A and DeVries, A and Miranda, H},
   Title = {Effectiveness of an App and Provider Counseling for Obesity
             Treatment in Primary Care.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {777-786},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.07.005},
   Abstract = {INTRODUCTION:Obesity treatment is less successful for
             socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, particularly
             when delivered in primary care. Digital health strategies
             can extend the reach of clinical obesity treatments to care
             settings serving patients at highest risk. METHODS:Track was
             an effectiveness RCT of a 12-month digital weight-loss
             intervention, embedded within a community health center
             system. Participants were 351 adult patients (aged 21-65
             years) with obesity and hypertension, diabetes, and
             hyperlipidemia. Patients were randomized to usual care
             (n=175) or an intervention (n=176) comprising app-based
             self-monitoring of behavior change goals with tailored
             feedback, a smart scale, dietitian-delivered counseling
             calls, and clinician counseling informed by app-generated
             recommendations, delivered via electronic health record. The
             primary outcome was 12-month weight change. Randomization
             began on June 18, 2013, final assessments were completed on
             September 10, 2015. Data analysis was conducted in 2016 and
             2017. The trial retained 92% of usual care and 96% of
             intervention participants at 12 months. RESULTS:The Track
             intervention produced larger weight losses relative to usual
             care at 6 months (net effect: -4.4 kg, 95% CI= -5.5, -3.3,
             p<0.001) and 12 months (net effect: -3.8 kg, 95% CI= -5.0,
             -2.5, p<0.001). Intervention participants were more likely
             to lose ≥5% of their baseline weight at 6 months (43% vs
             6%, p<0.001) and 12 months (40% vs 17%, p<0.001).
             Intervention participants completing ≥80% of expected
             self-monitoring episodes (-3.5 kg); counseling calls (-3.0
             kg); or self-weighing days (-4.4 kg) lost significantly more
             weight than less engaged intervention participants (all
             p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:A digital obesity treatment, integrated
             with health system resources, can produce clinically
             meaningful weight-loss outcomes among socioeconomically
             disadvantaged primary care patients with elevated
             cardiovascular disease risk. TRIAL REGISTRATION:This study
             is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01827800.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2018.07.005},
   Key = {fds339361}
}

@article{fds341091,
   Author = {Lin, P-H and Grambow, S and Intille, S and Gallis, JA and Lazenka, T and Bosworth, H and Voils, CL and Bennett, GG and Batch, B and Allen, J and Corsino, L and Tyson, C and Svetkey, L},
   Title = {The Association Between Engagement and Weight Loss Through
             Personal Coaching and Cell Phone Interventions in Young
             Adults: Randomized Controlled Trial.},
   Journal = {Jmir Mhealth and Uhealth},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {e10471},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10471},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Understanding how engagement in mobile health
             (mHealth) weight loss interventions relates to weight change
             may help develop effective intervention strategies.
             OBJECTIVE:This study aims to examine the (1) patterns of
             participant engagement overall and with key intervention
             components within each intervention arm in the Cell Phone
             Intervention For You (CITY) trial; (2) associations of
             engagement with weight change; and (3) participant
             characteristics related to engagement. METHODS:The CITY
             trial tested two 24-month weight loss interventions. One was
             delivered with a smartphone app (cell phone) containing 24
             components (weight tracking, etc) and included prompting by
             the app in predetermined frequency and forms. The other was
             delivered by a coach via monthly calls (personal coaching)
             supplemented with limited app components (18 overall) and
             without any prompting by the app. Engagement was assessed by
             calculating the percentage of days each app component was
             used and the frequency of use. Engagement was also examined
             across 4 weight change categories: gained (≥2%), stable
             (±2%), mild loss (≥2% to <5%), and greater loss (≥5%).
             RESULTS:Data from 122 cell phone and 120 personal coaching
             participants were analyzed. Use of the app was the highest
             during month 1 for both arms; thereafter, use dropped
             substantially and continuously until the study end. During
             the first 6 months, the mean percentage of days that any app
             component was used was higher for the cell phone arm (74.2%,
             SD 20.1) than for the personal coaching arm (48.9%, SD
             22.4). The cell phone arm used the apps an average of 5.3
             times/day (SD 3.1), whereas the personal coaching
             participants used them 1.7 times/day (SD 1.2). Similarly,
             the former self-weighed more than the latter (57.1% days, SD
             23.7 vs 32.9% days, SD 23.3). Furthermore, the percentage of
             days any app component was used, number of app uses per day,
             and percentage of days self-weighed all showed significant
             differences across the 4 weight categories for both arms.
             Pearson correlation showed a negative association between
             weight change and the percentage of days any app component
             was used (cell phone: r=-.213; personal coaching: r=-.319),
             number of apps use per day (cell phone: r=-.264; personal
             coaching: r=-.308), and percentage of days self-weighed
             (cell phone: r=-.297; personal coaching: r=-.354). None of
             the characteristics examined, including age, gender, race,
             education, income, energy expenditure, diet quality, and
             hypertension status, appeared to be related to engagement.
             CONCLUSIONS:Engagement in CITY intervention was associated
             with weight loss during the first 6 months. Nevertheless,
             engagement dropped substantially early on for most
             intervention components. Prompting may be helpful initially.
             More flexible and less intrusive prompting strategies may be
             needed during different stages of an intervention to
             increase or sustain engagement. Future studies should
             explore the motivations for engagement and nonengagement to
             determine meaningful levels of engagement required for
             effective intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov
             NCT01092364; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01092364
             (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/72V8A4e5X).},
   Doi = {10.2196/10471},
   Key = {fds341091}
}

@article{fds337999,
   Author = {Hopkins, CM and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Weight-Related Terms Differentially Affect Self-Efficacy and
             Perception of Obesity.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {26},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1405-1411},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22255},
   Abstract = {Little work has explored the effect of weight-related terms
             on treatment initiation; only one study has investigated
             weight-related terms and the psychological constructs
             associated with treatment uptake. The present study examines
             the effects of four common weight-related terms on treatment
             initiation and the moderating effect of weight bias
             internalization.Adult participants with overweight and
             obesity (n = 436) were recruited online and asked to
             read three vignettes describing clinical encounters; the
             weight-related term (i.e., "weight," "BMI," "obesity," or
             "fat") was varied randomly. Participants then reported
             self-efficacy, cognitive and emotional illness beliefs about
             obesity (i.e., illness perception), and interest in a weight
             loss program.The term "obesity" resulted in the greatest
             self-efficacy and perceived control over obesity. "Fat"
             resulted in the least illness coherence (i.e., understanding
             of obesity). Weight bias internalization did not moderate
             the effect of term on self-efficacy, nor did it moderate
             illness perception. No differences in weight loss program
             enrollment were observed.Use of the term "obesity" may
             promote patients' perceived control and self-efficacy. Use
             of "fat" should be avoided. Results suggest that, despite
             patient and clinician preference for euphemistic weight
             terms, use of clinical language such as "obesity" may
             perform better in provider intervention.},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.22255},
   Key = {fds337999}
}

@article{fds335636,
   Author = {McVay, MA and Yancy, WS and Bennett, GG and Jung, S-H and Voils,
             CI},
   Title = {Perceived barriers and facilitators of initiation of
             behavioral weight loss interventions among adults with
             obesity: a qualitative study.},
   Journal = {Bmc Public Health},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {854},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5795-9},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Evidence-based behavioral weight loss
             interventions are under-utilized. To inform efforts to
             increase uptake of these interventions, it is important to
             understand the perspectives of adults with obesity regarding
             barriers and facilitators of weight loss intervention
             initiation. METHODS:We conducted a qualitative study in
             adults with obesity who had recently attempted weight loss
             either with assistance from an evidence-based behavioral
             intervention (intervention initiators) or without use of a
             formal intervention (intervention non-initiators). We
             recruited primary care patients, members of a commercial
             weight loss program, and members of a Veterans Affairs
             weight loss program. Intervention initiators and
             non-initiators were interviewed separately using a
             semi-structured interview guide that asked participants
             about barriers and facilitators of weight loss intervention
             initiation. Conversations were audio-recorded and
             transcribed. Data were analyzed with qualitative content
             analysis. Two researchers used open coding to generate the
             code book on a subset of transcripts and a single researcher
             coded remaining transcripts. Codes were combined into
             subthemes, which were combined in to higher order themes.
             Intervention initiators and non-initiators were compared.
             RESULTS:We conducted three focus groups with participants
             who had initiated interventions (n = 26) and three focus
             groups (n = 24) and 8 individual interviews with
             participants who had not initiated interventions.
             Intervention initiators and non-initiators were,
             respectively, 65% and 37.5% white, 62% and 63% female, mean
             age of 55 and 54 years old, and mean BMI of 34 kg/m2.
             Three themes were identified. One theme was practical
             factors, with subthemes of reasonable cost and scheduling
             compatibility. A second theme was anticipated effectiveness
             of intervention, with subthemes of intervention content
             addressing individual needs; social aspects influencing
             effectiveness; and evaluating evidence of effectiveness. A
             third theme was anticipated pleasantness of intervention,
             with subthemes of social aspects influencing enjoyment;
             anticipated dietary and tracking prescriptions; and identity
             and self-reliance factors. Different perspectives were
             identified from intervention initiators and non-initiators.
             CONCLUSIONS:Strategies to engage individuals in
             evidence-based weight loss interventions can be developed
             using these results. Strategies could target individuals'
             perceived barriers and benefits to initiating interventions,
             or could focus on refining interventions to appeal to more
             individuals.},
   Doi = {10.1186/s12889-018-5795-9},
   Key = {fds335636}
}

@article{fds335637,
   Author = {Ayazi, M and Johnson, KT and Merritt, MM and Di Paolo and MR and Edwards,
             CL and Koenig, HG and Bennett, GG and Whitfield, KA and Barker,
             CS},
   Title = {Religiosity, Education, John Henryism Active Coping, and
             Cardiovascular Responses to Anger Recall for African
             American Men},
   Journal = {Journal of Black Psychology},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {295-321},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0095798418765859},
   Abstract = {© 2018, © The Author(s) 2018. The present study examined
             if high levels of religious attendance (ORG), private
             religious activity (NOR), or intrinsic religiosity (SUB)
             buffer cardiovascular responses to active speech and anger
             recall lab stressors alone and by John Henryism Active
             Coping (JHAC) and educational attainment. A sample of 74
             healthy African American males, aged 23 to 47 years,
             completed psychosocial surveys and a lab reactivity protocol
             involving active speech and anger recall with a 5-minute
             baseline and ensuing recovery periods. Measures of
             religiosity, JHAC, and education were related to continuous
             measures of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), for
             each task and rest period with repeated measures ANOVA
             tests. The period by education by JHAC interaction effect
             was significant for diastolic BP responses at low but not
             higher NOR. At low education and low NOR, diastolic BP
             levels increased significantly during anger recall and
             ensuing recovery for high but not low JHAC persons. Thus,
             being deprived of education and private religious activity
             may put these African American men in a vulnerable situation
             where higher effort coping may exacerbate their
             cardiovascular reactivity and recovery to anger
             induction.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0095798418765859},
   Key = {fds335637}
}

@article{fds337340,
   Author = {Azar, KMJ and Bennett, GG and Nolting, LA and Rosas, LG and Burke, LE and Ma, J},
   Title = {A framework for examining the function of digital health
             technologies for weight management.},
   Journal = {Translational Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {280-294},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tbm/ibx050},
   Abstract = {Research is rapidly extending its focus to develop and
             evaluate weight management interventions that incorporate
             eHealth technologies. Comparative effectiveness of eHealth
             interventions is partly limited by the extensive
             heterogeneity in intervention design, variation in use of
             eHealth tools, and expanding development of novel tools to
             promote weight management. We closely examined,
             characterized, and categorized the use and function of
             eHealth tools across a wide range of eHealth interventions
             for weight management in order to first create a novel
             schematic framework for eHealth interventions and, second,
             to evaluate eHealth interventions using this framework. We
             examined 49 randomized controlled trials from two systematic
             reviews evaluating the effectiveness of eHealth
             interventions for weight loss. Further characterization of
             each intervention identified common use and function of
             eHealth tools represented within interventions and thus
             important to include in the proposed framework. This
             resulted in six descriptive domains. We then categorized
             each eHealth intervention within the context of the newly
             developed framework. Last, we examined efficacious
             interventions in the context of the framework. Twenty-five
             randomized controlled trials reported significantly more
             weight loss between the intervention group utilizing
             eHealth, compared to a non-eHealth control intervention
             and/or within an eHealth intervention group. Of these 25
             interventions, 15 (60%) used automated feedback (Domain 1),
             13 (52%) used non-eHealth tailored feedback by a health care
             provider (Domain 5), and 8 (32%) used tailored feedback from
             a health care professional through an electronic channel
             (Domain 2). The proposed schematic framework offers an
             alternative and novel approach for comparing across
             interventions and informing the development and evaluation
             of eHealth interventions.},
   Doi = {10.1093/tbm/ibx050},
   Key = {fds337340}
}

@article{fds332978,
   Author = {Pagoto, SL and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Healthy Lifestyle for All Through Patient Care and
             Policy.},
   Journal = {Jama Internal Medicine},
   Volume = {178},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {152-153},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.6797},
   Doi = {10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.6797},
   Key = {fds332978}
}

@article{fds332939,
   Author = {Armstrong, S and Mendelsohn, A and Bennett, G and Taveras, EM and Kimberg, A and Kemper, AR},
   Title = {Texting Motivational Interviewing: A Randomized Controlled
             Trial of Motivational Interviewing Text Messages Designed to
             Augment Childhood Obesity Treatment.},
   Journal = {Childhood Obesity},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {4-10},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2017.0089},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Text messages improve health outcomes for adults
             engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether
             text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity
             treatment will improve child health. METHODS:We conducted a
             2-group randomized controlled study among 101 children aged
             5-12 and their parent/guardian enrolling in tertiary-care
             obesity treatment. Participants were randomized to standard
             care or standard care plus daily motivational
             interviewing-based text messages. The primary outcome was
             change in child BMI at 3 months. Secondary outcomes included
             feasibility, health behaviors, attrition, motivation, and
             parent BMI. RESULTS:We enrolled 101 parent-child dyads and
             retained 81% to 3-month follow-up. Child participants had a
             mean age of 9.9 years, and baseline BMI of 30.5 kg/m2.
             Half (48%) of participants were Black, and 64% of parent
             participants had a high school equivalent education or less.
             Ninety-nine percent of parents owned a mobile device with
             unlimited text messaging. Parents responded to 80% of texts,
             and 95% felt the texts "always" or "almost always" helped
             them make a good health decision. We observed no
             between-group difference in child zBMI from baseline to 3
             months (0.0 vs. 0.2, p = 0.2). Intervention participants
             had significantly better adherence to clinic visits (3.3
             visits vs. 2.1 visits/3 months, p < 0.001).
             CONCLUSIONS:Parent-directed text messages did not
             significantly change child BMI. However, texting
             significantly reduced attrition for treatment visits. Nearly
             all parents in this racially diverse, low-income sample
             engaged in daily text messaging, making this a feasible
             approach.},
   Doi = {10.1089/chi.2017.0089},
   Key = {fds332939}
}

@article{fds329767,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Shelton, RC},
   Title = {Extending Our Reach for Greater Impact.},
   Journal = {Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of
             the Society for Public Health Education},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {835-838},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1090198117736354},
   Doi = {10.1177/1090198117736354},
   Key = {fds329767}
}

@article{fds330845,
   Author = {Buscemi, J and Bennett, GG and Gorin, SS and Pagoto, SL and Sallis, JF and Wilson, DK and Fitzgibbon, ML},
   Title = {A 6-year update of the health policy and advocacy priorities
             of the Society of Behavioral Medicine.},
   Journal = {Translational Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {903-911},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13142-017-0507-z},
   Abstract = {Government policy affects virtually every topic of interest
             to health behavior researchers, from research funding to
             reimbursement for clinical services to application of
             evidence to impact health outcomes. This paper provides a
             6-year update on the expansion of Society of Behavioral
             Medicine's (SBM) public policy and advocacy agenda and
             proposed future directions. SBM's Health Policy Council is
             responsible for ensuring coordination of the policy-related
             activities of the Health Policy Committee (HPC), the Civic
             and Public Engagement Committee (CPEC), and the Scientific
             and Professional Liaison Council (SPLC). These committees
             and councils have written letters to Congress, signed onto
             advocacy letters with hundreds of organizations, and
             developed and disseminated 15 health policy briefs, the
             majority of which have been presented to legislative
             staffers on Capitol Hill. With the assistance of the SPLC,
             SBM has collaborated on policy efforts with like-minded
             organizations to increase the impact of the Society's policy
             work. Moving forward, SBM plans to continue to increase
             efforts to disseminate policy work more broadly and develop
             long-term relationships with Congressional staffers. SBM
             leadership realizes that to remain relevant, demonstrate
             impact, and advance the role of behavioral medicine, we must
             advance a policy agenda that reflects our mission of better
             health through behavior change.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s13142-017-0507-z},
   Key = {fds330845}
}

@article{fds329768,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Askew, S and Wallington, SF and Foley, PB and Quintiliani, LM and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on
             moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the
             Shape Program.},
   Journal = {The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and
             Physical Activity},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {139},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0596-6},
   Abstract = {Rates of physical inactivity are high among Black women
             living in the United States with overweight or obesity,
             especially those living in the rural South. This study was
             conducted to determine if an efficacious weight gain
             prevention intervention increased moderate-vigorous physical
             activity (MVPA).The Shape Program, a weight gain prevention
             intervention implemented in community health centers in
             rural North Carolina, was designed for socioeconomically
             disadvantaged Black women with overweight or obesity. MVPA
             was measured using accelerometers, and summarized into 1-
             and 10-min bouts. We employed analyses of covariance
             (ANCOVA) to assess the relationship between changes in MVPA
             over 12 months, calculated as a change score, and
             intervention assignment (intervention versus usual
             care).Participants completing both baseline and 12-month
             accelerometer assessments (n = 121) had a mean age of 36.1
             (SD = 5.43) years and a mean body mass index of
             30.24 kg/m2 (SD = 2.60). At baseline, 38% met the
             physical activity recommendation (150 min of MVPA/week)
             when assessed using 10-min bouts, and 76% met the
             recommendation when assessed using 1-min bouts. There were
             no significant differences in change in MVPA participation
             among participants randomized to the intervention from
             baseline to 12-months using 1-min bouts (adjusted
             intervention mean [95% CI]: 20.50 [-109.09 to 150.10] vs.
             adjusted usual care mean [95% CI]: -80.04 [-209.21 to
             49.13], P = .29), or 10-min bouts (adjusted intervention
             mean [95% CI]: 7.39 [-83.57 to 98.35] vs. adjusted usual
             care mean [95% CI]: -17.26 [-107.93 to 73.40],
             P = .70).Although prior research determined that the Shape
             intervention promoted weight gain prevention, MVPA did not
             increase significantly among intervention participants from
             baseline to 12 months. The classification of bouts had a
             marked effect on the prevalence estimates of those meeting
             physical activity recommendations. More research is needed
             to understand how to promote increased MVPA in weight gain
             prevention interventions.This study is registered at
             www.clinicaltrials.gov database (No. NCT00938535.
             Retrospectively Registered 7/10/2009).},
   Doi = {10.1186/s12966-017-0596-6},
   Key = {fds329768}
}

@article{fds324092,
   Author = {Winkler, MR and Moore, ED and Bennett, GG and Armstrong, SC and Brandon,
             DH},
   Title = {Parent-adolescent influences on everyday dietary practices:
             Perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their
             mothers.},
   Journal = {Maternal & Child Nutrition},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {4},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12416},
   Abstract = {Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent
             obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity
             interventions continue to exhibit limited success among
             adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for
             adolescent obesity treatment, we examined the perceptions of
             adolescent females with obesity and their mothers of the
             influences experienced within the parent-adolescent
             relationship that affect everyday dietary practices. We
             conducted six focus group interviews (three adolescent
             female and three mother) among 15 adolescent (12-17 years
             old) females with obesity and 12 of their mothers. Content
             analysis techniques were used to analyze the transcribed
             interviews. Adolescent females with obesity discussed a
             diverse set of parental influences (controlling, supporting
             and cultivating, overlooking and tempting, acquiescing,
             providing, attending, and not providing and avoiding) on
             their daily dietary practices. Among mother focus groups,
             mothers discussed specific intentional and unintentional
             types of influences from children that affected the food and
             drink they consumed, prepared, and acquired. Findings
             provide a fuller view of the varied social influences on
             everyday dietary practices within the parent-adolescent
             relationship. They indicate the importance of examining both
             parent-to-child and child-to-parent influences and begin to
             illuminate the value of attending to the social
             circumstances surrounding dietary behaviors to strengthen
             family-based obesity treatment approaches.},
   Doi = {10.1111/mcn.12416},
   Key = {fds324092}
}

@article{fds326827,
   Author = {Proeschold-Bell, RJ and Turner, EL and Bennett, GG and Yao, J and Li,
             X-F and Eagle, DE and Meyer, RA and Williams, RB and Swift, RY and Moore,
             HE and Kolkin, MA and Weisner, CC and Rugani, KM and Hough, HJ and Williams, VP and Toole, DC},
   Title = {A 2-Year Holistic Health and Stress Intervention: Results of
             an RCT in Clergy.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
   Volume = {53},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {290-299},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.009},
   Abstract = {This study sought to determine the effect of a 2-year,
             multicomponent health intervention (Spirited Life) targeting
             metabolic syndrome and stress simultaneously.An RCT using a
             three-cohort multiple baseline design was conducted in
             2010-2014.Participants were United Methodist clergy in North
             Carolina, U.S., in 2010, invited based on occupational
             status. Of invited 1,745 clergy, 1,114 consented, provided
             baseline data, and were randomly assigned to immediate
             intervention (n=395), 1-year waitlist (n=283), or 2-year
             waitlist (n=436) cohorts for a 48-month trial duration.The
             2-year intervention consisted of personal goal setting and
             encouragement to engage in monthly health coaching, an
             online weight loss intervention, a small grant, and three
             workshops delivering stress management and theological
             content supporting healthy behaviors. Participants were not
             blinded to intervention.Trial outcomes were metabolic
             syndrome (primary) and self-reported stress and depressive
             symptoms (secondary). Intervention effects were estimated in
             2016 in an intention-to-treat framework using generalized
             estimating equations with adjustment for baseline level of
             the outcome and follow-up time points. Log-link Poisson
             generalized estimating equations with robust SEs was used to
             estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) for binary outcomes; mean
             differences were used for continuous/score outcomes.Baseline
             prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 50.9% and depression
             was 11.4%. The 12-month intervention effect showed a benefit
             for metabolic syndrome (PR=0.86, 95% CI=0.79, 0.94,
             p<0.001). This benefit was sustained at 24 months of
             intervention (PR=0.88; 95% CI=0.78, 1.00, p=0.04). There was
             no significant effect on depression or stress scores.The
             Spirited Life intervention improved metabolic syndrome
             prevalence in a population of U.S. Christian clergy and
             sustained improvements during 24 months of intervention.
             These findings offer support for long-duration behavior
             change interventions and population-level interventions that
             allow participants to set their own health goals.This study
             is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01564719.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2017.04.009},
   Key = {fds326827}
}

@article{fds327016,
   Author = {Herring, SJ and Cruice, JF and Bennett, GG and Darden, N and Wallen, JJ and Rose, MZ and Davey, A and Foster, GD},
   Title = {Intervening during and after pregnancy to prevent weight
             retention among African American women.},
   Journal = {Preventive Medicine Reports},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {119-123},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.05.015},
   Abstract = {Efforts to prevent postpartum weight retention in extant
             clinical trials of African American women have proven
             exceedingly challenging. The primary purpose of this pilot
             study was to determine whether a behavioral intervention
             implemented in early pregnancy through 6 months postpartum
             could increase the proportion of African American women who
             were at or below their early pregnancy weights by 6 months
             postpartum. We additionally evaluated whether mothers'
             postpartum weight loss could be maintained at 12 months
             postpartum. Participants were 66 socioeconomically
             disadvantaged African American women (36% overweight, 64%
             obese) randomly assigned to a behavioral intervention or
             usual care group. The intervention, implemented from early
             pregnancy to 6 months postpartum, promoted weight control
             through: (1) empirically supported behavior change goals;
             (2) interactive self-monitoring text messages; (3) weekly to
             monthly health coach calls; and (4) skills training and
             support through Facebook. In modified intent-to-treat
             analyses, participants assigned to the intervention were
             significantly more likely to be at or below their early
             pregnancy weights by 6 months postpartum compared to usual
             care (56% vs. 29%, p = 0.04). At 12 months postpartum,
             the maternal weight difference between intervention and
             usual care groups was not maintained (41% vs. 38%
             respectively at or below early pregnancy weights,
             p = 0.83). Findings suggest that a combined pregnancy and
             postpartum weight control intervention improves 6 month
             weight outcomes in socioeconomically disadvantaged African
             American women with obesity. Longer interventions may be
             needed to overcome late postpartum weight gain among this
             high risk group. Clinical trial registration number:
             ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01530776.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.05.015},
   Key = {fds327016}
}

@article{fds324090,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Christy, J and Batch, BC and Askew, S and Moore, RH and Parker, P and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Preventing Weight Gain Improves Sleep Quality Among Black
             Women: Results from a RCT.},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {51},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {555-566},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {August},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-017-9879-z},
   Abstract = {Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black
             women.We examined whether a weight gain prevention
             intervention improved sleep among Black women.We conducted a
             randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain prevention
             intervention that included self-monitoring through mobile
             technologies and phone coaching to usual care in community
             health centers. We measured sleep using the Medical Outcomes
             Study Sleep Scale at baseline, 12 months, and 18 months.
             The scale examines quantity of sleep, sleep disturbance,
             sleep adequacy, daytime somnolence, snoring, shortness of
             breath, and global sleep problems (sleep problem indices I
             and II).Participants (n = 184) were on average 35.4 years
             and obese (BMI 30.2 kg/m2); 74% made <$30,000/year. At
             baseline, average sleep duration was 6.4 (1.5) hours.
             Controlling for weight change and sleep medication, the
             intervention group reported greater improvements in sleep
             disturbance [-8.35 (-16.24, -0.45)] and sleep problems at
             12 months: sleep problem index I [-8.35 (-16.24, -0.45)];
             sleep problem index II [-8.35 (-16.24, -0.45)]. However,
             these findings did not persist at 18 months.Preventing
             weight gain may afford clinical benefit on improving sleep
             quality.The trial was registered with the ClinicalTrials.gov
             database (NCT00938535).},
   Doi = {10.1007/s12160-017-9879-z},
   Key = {fds324090}
}

@article{fds324093,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Askew, S and Foley, P and Wallington, SF and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Linking patients with community resources: use of a free
             YMCA membership among low-income black women.},
   Journal = {Translational Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {341-348},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13142-016-0431-7},
   Abstract = {Given the increasing interest in expanding obesity
             prevention efforts to cover community-based programs, we
             examined whether individuals would access a YMCA for
             physical activity promotion. We provided a no-cost 12-month
             YMCA membership to socioeconomically disadvantaged black
             women who were randomized to the intervention arm of a
             weight gain prevention trial (n = 91). Analyses examined
             associations of membership activation and use with baseline
             psychosocial, contextual, health-related, and
             sociodemographic factors. Many participants (70.3 %)
             activated their memberships; however, use was low (42.2 %
             had no subsequent visits, 46.9 % had one to ten visits).
             There were no predictors of membership activation, but
             individuals living below/borderline the federal poverty line
             were more likely to use the center (1+ visits), as were
             those who met physical activity guidelines at baseline. More
             comprehensive and intensive interventions may be necessary
             to promote use of community resources-even when provided
             free-among high-risk populations of women with obesity that
             live in rural areas of the USA.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s13142-016-0431-7},
   Key = {fds324093}
}

@article{fds328845,
   Author = {Steinberg, D and Bennett, GG and Svetkey, L},
   Title = {The DASH Diet, 20 Years Later.},
   Journal = {Jama},
   Volume = {317},
   Number = {15},
   Pages = {1529-1530},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2017.1628},
   Doi = {10.1001/jama.2017.1628},
   Key = {fds328845}
}

@article{fds324091,
   Author = {Benjamin Neelon and SE and Østbye, T and Bennett, GG and Kravitz, RM and Clancy, SM and Stroo, M and Iversen, E and Hoyo, C},
   Title = {Cohort profile for the Nurture Observational Study examining
             associations of multiple caregivers on infant growth in the
             Southeastern USA.},
   Journal = {Bmj Open},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {e013939},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {February},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013939},
   Abstract = {PURPOSE:Childcare has been associated with obesity in
             children in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies,
             although some observed no association. Few studies have
             focused on care during infancy, a period when children may
             be especially vulnerable. PARTICIPANTS:The Nurture Study is
             an observational birth cohort designed to assess
             longitudinal associations of childcare and the presence of
             multiple caregivers on infant adiposity and weight
             trajectories throughout the first year of life. We examine
             as potential mediators feeding, physical activity, sleep and
             stress. We completed recruitment in 2015. Of the 860 women
             who enrolled during pregnancy, 799 delivered a single live
             infant who met our inclusion criteria. Of those, 666 mothers
             (77.4%) agreed to participate in the study for themselves
             and their infants. FINDINGS TO DATE:Among the 666 women in
             the study, 472 (71%) identified as black, 127 (19%) as
             white, 7 (1%) as Asian or Asian American, 6 (1%) as Native
             American and 49 (7%) as other race or more than one race; 43
             (7%) identified as Hispanic/Latina. Just under half (48%)
             had a high school diploma or less, 61% had household incomes
             <$20 000/year and 59% were married or living with a
             partner. The mean (SD) infant gestational age was
             41.28 weeks (2.29) and birth weight for gestational age
             z-score was -0.31 (0.93). Just under half (49%) of infants
             were females, 69% received some human milk and 40% were
             exclusively breast fed at hospital discharge. Data
             collection began in 2013, is currently underway, and is
             scheduled to conclude in late 2016. FUTURE PLANS:Results
             will help assess the magnitude of associations between
             childcare in infancy and subsequent obesity. Findings will
             also inform intervention and policy efforts to improve
             childcare environments and help prevent obesity in settings
             where many infants spend time. TRIAL REGISTRATION
             NUMBER:Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01788644.},
   Doi = {10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013939},
   Key = {fds324091}
}

@article{fds315310,
   Author = {Winkler, MR and Bennett, GG and Brandon, DH},
   Title = {Factors related to obesity and overweight among Black
             adolescent girls in the United States.},
   Journal = {Women & Health},
   Volume = {57},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {208-248},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0363-0242},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2016.1159267},
   Abstract = {In the United States, Black adolescents have the highest
             prevalence of pediatric obesity and overweight among girls.
             While Black girls are disproportionately affected, the
             reasons for this health disparity remain unclear. The
             authors conducted a systematic review to investigate the
             factors related to obesity and overweight among Black
             adolescent girls. The authors searched four databases for
             relevant English-language publications using all publication
             years through 2015. Fifty-one studies met the inclusion
             criteria and were used for this review. Using a
             configuration approach to synthesis, three categories were
             identified, paralleling the bioecological theory of human
             development: (1) individual, (2) interpersonal, and (3)
             community and societal factors. A description of each
             factor's association with obesity among Black adolescent
             girls is presented. From this review, the authors identified
             a diverse and vast set of individual, interpersonal, and
             community and societal factors explored for their
             relationship with obesity and overweight. Given the
             insufficient repetition and limited significant findings
             among most factors, the authors believe that multiple gaps
             in knowledge exist across all categories regarding the
             factors related to obesity and overweight among Black
             adolescent girls. To improve the quality of research in this
             area, suggested research directions and methodological
             recommendations are provided.},
   Doi = {10.1080/03630242.2016.1159267},
   Key = {fds315310}
}

@article{fds250654,
   Author = {McVay, MA and Steinberg, DM and Askew, S and Kaphingst, KA and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Genetic causal attributions for weight status and weight
             loss during a behavioral weight gain prevention
             intervention.},
   Journal = {Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of the American
             College of Medical Genetics},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {476-482},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {1098-3600},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/gim.2015.109},
   Abstract = {Emerging evidence suggests that attributing one's weight to
             genetics may contribute to the adoption of obesogenic
             behaviors. We investigated whether weight-related genetic
             attributions were associated with weight change during a
             weight gain prevention intervention.Participants (n = 185)
             were from a randomized clinical trial of a digital health
             weight gain prevention intervention for black women ages
             25-44 years with body mass index 25.0-34.9 kg/m(2).
             Weight-related genetic attributions (weight status
             attribution and weight loss attributions) were measured at
             baseline and 12 months.Among intervention participants, high
             genetic attribution for weight loss was associated with
             greater weight loss at 12 months (-2.7 vs. 0.5 kg) and 18
             months (-3.0 vs. 0.9 kg). Among usual-care participants,
             high genetic attribution for weight status was associated
             with greater 18-month weight gain (2.9 vs. 0.3 kg). The
             intervention reduced the likelihood of high genetic
             attribution for weight loss at 12 months (P = 0.05). Change
             in the likelihood of genetic attribution was not associated
             with weight change over 12 months.Impact of genetic
             attributions on weight differs for those enrolled and not
             enrolled in an intervention. However, weight gain prevention
             intervention may reduce genetic attribution for weight
             loss.Genet Med 18 5, 476-482.},
   Doi = {10.1038/gim.2015.109},
   Key = {fds250654}
}

@article{fds313519,
   Author = {Foley, P and Steinberg, D and Levine, E and Askew, S and Batch, BC and Puleo, EM and Svetkey, LP and Bosworth, HB and DeVries, A and Miranda,
             H and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Track: A randomized controlled trial of a digital health
             obesity treatment intervention for medically vulnerable
             primary care patients.},
   Journal = {Contemporary Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {48},
   Pages = {12-20},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {1551-7144},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2016.03.006},
   Abstract = {Obesity continues to disproportionately affect medically
             vulnerable populations. Digital health interventions may be
             effective for delivering obesity treatment in low-resource
             primary care settings.Track is a 12-month randomized
             controlled trial of a digital health weight loss
             intervention in a community health center system.
             Participants are 351 obese men and women aged 21 to 65years
             with an obesity-related comorbidity. Track participants are
             randomized to usual primary care or to a 12-month
             intervention consisting of algorithm-generated tailored
             behavior change goals, self-monitoring via mobile
             technologies, daily self-weighing using a network-connected
             scale, skills training materials, 18 counseling phone calls
             with a Track coach, and primary care provider counseling.
             Participants are followed over 12months, with study visits
             at baseline, 6, and 12months. Anthropometric data, blood
             pressure, fasting lipids, glucose and HbA1C and
             self-administered surveys are collected. Follow-up data will
             be collected from the medical record at 24months.Participants
             are 68% female and on average 50.7years old with a mean BMI
             of 35.9kg/m(2). Participants are mainly black (54%) or white
             (33%); 12.5% are Hispanic. Participants are mostly employed
             and low-income. Over 20% of the sample has hypertension,
             diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Almost 27% of participants
             currently smoke and almost 20% score above the clinical
             threshold for depression.Track utilizes an innovative,
             digital health approach to reduce obesity and chronic
             disease risk among medically vulnerable adults in the
             primary care setting. Baseline characteristics reflect a
             socioeconomically disadvantaged, high-risk patient
             population in need of evidence-based obesity
             treatment.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2016.03.006},
   Key = {fds313519}
}

@article{fds318666,
   Author = {Shaw, RJ and Steinberg, DM and Bonnet, J and Modarai, F and George, A and Cunningham, T and Mason, M and Shahsahebi, M and Grambow, SC and Bennett, GG and Bosworth, HB},
   Title = {Mobile health devices: will patients actually use
             them?},
   Journal = {Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association :
             Jamia},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {462-466},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocv186},
   Abstract = {Although mobile health (mHealth) devices offer a unique
             opportunity to capture patient health data remotely, it is
             unclear whether patients will consistently use multiple
             devices simultaneously and/or if chronic disease affects
             adherence. Three healthy and three chronically ill
             participants were recruited to provide data on 11 health
             indicators via four devices and a diet app. The healthy
             participants averaged overall weekly use of 76%, compared to
             16% for those with chronic illnesses. Device adherence
             declined across all participants during the study. Patients
             with chronic illnesses, with arguably the most to benefit
             from advanced (or increased) monitoring, may be less likely
             to adopt and use these devices compared to healthy
             individuals. Results suggest device fatigue may be a
             significant problem. Use of mobile technologies may have the
             potential to transform care delivery across populations and
             within individuals over time. However, devices may need to
             be tailored to meet the specific patient
             needs.},
   Doi = {10.1093/jamia/ocv186},
   Key = {fds318666}
}

@article{fds315882,
   Author = {Shaw, RJ and Pollak, K and Zullig, LL and Bennett, G and Hawkins, K and Lipkus, I},
   Title = {Feasibility and Smokers' Evaluation of Self-Generated Text
             Messages to Promote Quitting.},
   Journal = {Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the
             Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {1206-1209},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {1462-2203},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv268},
   Abstract = {Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of preventable
             mortality. Mobile technologies, including text messaging,
             provide opportunities to promote quitting. Many text
             messaging-based cessation interventions contain content
             created by experts. However, smokers may be best persuaded
             by receipt of text messages they created based on their
             reasons for quitting, assisted or not by a motivational
             facilitator. This study assessed the feasibility and
             participants' evaluation of two ways to self-generate
             smoking cessation messages delivered via cell-phone.We
             enrolled smokers (N = 24) and randomized them to: (1)
             behavioral counseling assistance plus self-generated
             messages, or (2) self-generated messages only. Both groups
             wrote: (1) their reasons for wanting to quit and then (2)
             text messages related to their reason(s) for quitting,
             Messages were delivered as text messages as well as with a
             link to verbatim self-recorded audio message for 10 days. At
             follow-up, participants evaluated the intervention.Participants
             composed and recorded messages and evaluated them and the
             intervention favorably. The counseling+message group wrote
             an average of 7.66 (SD = 4.86) text messages while the
             message-only wrote an average of 6.66 (SD = 2.93) messages.
             Most participants felt that the messages were of appropriate
             length, including the frequency and timing of message
             delivery.It is feasible for smokers to self-generate
             motivational text and audio messages concerning reasons for
             quitting, even among smokers without an immediate desire to
             quit. Participants evaluated the messages and intervention
             favorably. Future research should test self-generated
             messages in larger trials of self- versus expert-generated
             message.This study assessed the feasibility and
             participants' evaluation of two ways to self-generate
             smoking cessation messages delivered via cell-phone. It is
             feasible for smokers to self-generate motivational text and
             audio messages concerning reasons for quitting, even among
             smokers without an immediate desire to quit. Participants
             evaluated the messages and intervention favorable. Future
             research should test self-generated messages in larger
             trials of self- versus expert-generated messages.},
   Doi = {10.1093/ntr/ntv268},
   Key = {fds315882}
}

@article{fds315309,
   Author = {Lanpher, MG and Askew, S and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Health Literacy and Weight Change in a Digital Health
             Intervention for Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial in
             Primary Care Practice.},
   Journal = {Journal of Health Communication},
   Volume = {21 Suppl 1},
   Pages = {34-42},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1081-0730},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2015.1131773},
   Abstract = {In the United States, 90 million adults have low health
             literacy. An important public health challenge is developing
             obesity treatment interventions suitable for those with low
             health literacy. The objective of this study was to examine
             differences in sociodemographic and clinical characteristics
             as well as weight and intervention engagement outcomes by
             health literacy. We randomized 194 participants to usual
             care or to the Shape Program intervention, a 12-month
             digital health treatment aimed at preventing weight gain
             among overweight and Class I obese Black women in primary
             care practice. We administered the Newest Vital Sign
             instrument to assess health literacy. More than half (55%)
             of participants had low health literacy, which was more
             common among those with fewer years of education and lower
             income. There was no effect of health literacy on 12-month
             weight change or on intervention engagement outcomes
             (completion of coaching calls and interactive voice response
             self-monitoring calls). Low health literacy did not preclude
             successful weight gain prevention in the Shape Program
             intervention. Goal-focused behavior change approaches like
             that used in Shape may be particularly helpful for treating
             and engaging populations with low health
             literacy.},
   Doi = {10.1080/10810730.2015.1131773},
   Key = {fds315309}
}

@article{fds324094,
   Author = {Herring, SJ and Cruice, JF and Bennett, GG and Rose, MZ and Davey, A and Foster, GD},
   Title = {Preventing excessive gestational weight gain among African
             American women: A randomized clinical trial.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {30-36},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.21240},
   Abstract = {Evidence is lacking regarding effective weight control
             treatments in pregnancy for ethnic minority women with
             obesity. This study evaluated whether a technology-based
             behavioral intervention could decrease the proportion of
             African American women with overweight or obesity who
             exceeded Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for
             gestational weight gain.We conducted a two-arm pilot
             randomized clinical trial. Participants were 66
             socioeconomically disadvantaged African American pregnant
             women (12.5 ± 3.7 weeks' gestation; 36% overweight, 64%
             obesity) recruited from two outpatient obstetric practices
             at Temple University between 2013 and 2014. We randomized
             participants to usual care (n = 33) or a behavioral
             intervention (n = 33) that promoted weight control in
             pregnancy. The intervention included: (1) empirically
             supported behavior change goals; (2) interactive
             self-monitoring text messages; (3) biweekly health coach
             calls; and (4) skills training and support through
             Facebook.The intervention reduced the proportion of women
             who exceeded IOM guidelines compared to usual care (37% vs.
             66%, P = 0.033). Intervention participants gained less
             weight during pregnancy (8.7 vs. 12.3 kg, adjusted mean
             difference: -3.1 kg, 95% CI: -6.2 to -0.1). No group
             differences in neonatal or obstetric outcomes were found.The
             intervention resulted in lower prevalence of excessive
             gestational weight gain.},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.21240},
   Key = {fds324094}
}

@article{fds300288,
   Author = {Lin, P-H and Intille, S and Bennett, G and Bosworth, HB and Corsino, L and Voils, C and Grambow, S and Lazenka, T and Batch, BC and Tyson, C and Svetkey, LP},
   Title = {Adaptive intervention design in mobile health: Intervention
             design and development in the Cell Phone Intervention for
             You trial.},
   Journal = {Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {634-645},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1740-7745},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/10740 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {The obesity epidemic has spread to young adults, and obesity
             is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The
             prominence and increasing functionality of mobile phones may
             provide an opportunity to deliver longitudinal and scalable
             weight management interventions in young adults. The aim of
             this article is to describe the design and development of
             the intervention tested in the Cell Phone Intervention for
             You study and to highlight the importance of adaptive
             intervention design that made it possible. The Cell Phone
             Intervention for You study was a National Heart, Lung, and
             Blood Institute-sponsored, controlled, 24-month randomized
             clinical trial comparing two active interventions to a
             usual-care control group. Participants were 365 overweight
             or obese (body mass index≥25 kg/m2) young adults.Both
             active interventions were designed based on social cognitive
             theory and incorporated techniques for behavioral
             self-management and motivational enhancement. Initial
             intervention development occurred during a 1-year formative
             phase utilizing focus groups and iterative, participatory
             design. During the intervention testing, adaptive
             intervention design, where an intervention is updated or
             extended throughout a trial while assuring the delivery of
             exactly the same intervention to each cohort, was employed.
             The adaptive intervention design strategy distributed
             technical work and allowed introduction of novel components
             in phases intended to help promote and sustain participant
             engagement. Adaptive intervention design was made possible
             by exploiting the mobile phone's remote data capabilities so
             that adoption of particular application components could be
             continuously monitored and components subsequently added or
             updated remotely.The cell phone intervention was delivered
             almost entirely via cell phone and was always-present,
             proactive, and interactive-providing passive and active
             reminders, frequent opportunities for knowledge
             dissemination, and multiple tools for self-tracking and
             receiving tailored feedback. The intervention changed over 2
             years to promote and sustain engagement. The personal
             coaching intervention, alternatively, was primarily personal
             coaching with trained coaches based on a proven
             intervention, enhanced with a mobile application, but where
             all interactions with the technology were
             participant-initiated.The complexity and length of the
             technology-based randomized clinical trial created
             challenges in engagement and technology adaptation, which
             were generally discovered using novel remote monitoring
             technology and addressed using the adaptive intervention
             design. Investigators should plan to develop tools and
             procedures that explicitly support continuous remote
             monitoring of interventions to support adaptive intervention
             design in long-term, technology-based studies, as well as
             developing the interventions themselves.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1740774515597222},
   Key = {fds300288}
}

@article{fds300287,
   Author = {Svetkey, LP and Batch, BC and Lin, P-H and Intille, SS and Corsino, L and Tyson, CC and Bosworth, HB and Grambow, SC and Voils, C and Loria, C and Gallis, JA and Schwager, J and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Cell phone intervention for you (CITY): A randomized,
             controlled trial of behavioral weight loss intervention for
             young adults using mobile technology.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {2133-2141},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.21226},
   Abstract = {To determine the effect on weight of two mobile
             technology-based (mHealth) behavioral weight loss
             interventions in young adults.Randomized, controlled
             comparative effectiveness trial in 18- to 35-year-olds with
             BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) (overweight/obese), with participants
             randomized to 24 months of mHealth intervention delivered by
             interactive smartphone application on a cell phone (CP);
             personal coaching enhanced by smartphone self-monitoring
             (PC); or Control.The 365 randomized participants had mean
             baseline BMI of 35 kg/m(2) . Final weight was measured in
             86% of participants. CP was not superior to Control at any
             measurement point. PC participants lost significantly more
             weight than Controls at 6 months (net effect -1.92 kg [CI
             -3.17, -0.67], P = 0.003), but not at 12 and 24
             months.Despite high intervention engagement and study
             retention, the inclusion of behavioral principles and tools
             in both interventions, and weight loss in all treatment
             groups, CP did not lead to weight loss, and PC did not lead
             to sustained weight loss relative to Control. Although
             mHealth solutions offer broad dissemination and scalability,
             the CITY results sound a cautionary note concerning
             intervention delivery by mobile applications. Effective
             intervention may require the efficiency of mobile
             technology, the social support and human interaction of
             personal coaching, and an adaptive approach to intervention
             design.},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.21226},
   Key = {fds300287}
}

@article{fds290489,
   Author = {Burke, LE and Ma, J and Azar, KMJ and Bennett, GG and Peterson, ED and Zheng, Y and Riley, W and Stephens, J and Shah, SH and Suffoletto, B and Turan, TN and Spring, B and Steinberger, J and Quinn, CC and American
             Heart Association Publications Committee of the Council on
             Epidemiology and Prevention, Behavior Change Committee of
             the Council on Cardiometabolic Health and Council on
             Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing and Council on Functional
             Genomics and Translational Biology and Council on Quality of
             Care and Outcomes Research, and Stroke Council},
   Title = {Current Science on Consumer Use of Mobile Health for
             Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: A Scientific Statement
             From the American Heart Association.},
   Journal = {Circulation},
   Volume = {132},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {1157-1213},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0009-7322},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/cir.0000000000000232},
   Doi = {10.1161/cir.0000000000000232},
   Key = {fds290489}
}

@article{fds250659,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Steinberg, DM and Pagoto, SL},
   Title = {Will Obesity Treatment Reimbursement Benefit Those at
             Highest Risk?},
   Journal = {The American Journal of Medicine},
   Volume = {128},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {670-671},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0002-9343},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.01.026},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.01.026},
   Key = {fds250659}
}

@article{fds250653,
   Author = {Camacho-Rivera, M and Kawachi, I and Bennett, GG and Subramanian,
             SV},
   Title = {Revisiting the Hispanic Health Paradox: The Relative
             Contributions of Nativity, Country of Origin, and
             Race/Ethnicity to Childhood Asthma},
   Journal = {Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {826-833},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1557-1912},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-013-9974-6},
   Abstract = {© 2013, Springer Science+Business Media New York. This
             study examined the relationship between race and Hispanic
             ethnicity, maternal and child nativity, country of origin
             and asthma among 2,558 non-Hispanic white and Hispanic
             children across 65 Los Angeles neighborhoods. A series of
             two-level multilevel models were estimated to examine the
             independent effects of race, ethnicity, and country of
             origin on childhood asthma. Lifetime asthma prevalence was
             reported among 9 % of children, with no significant
             differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites
             overall. However, in fully adjusted models, Hispanic
             children of non-Mexican origin reported higher odds of
             asthma compared to non-Hispanic white children. A protective
             nativity effect was also observed among children of foreign
             born mothers compared to US born mothers. Our study provides
             evidence in support of the heterogeneity of childhood asthma
             by Hispanic ethnicity and maternal nativity. These findings
             suggest moving beyond solely considering racial/ethnic
             classifications which could mask subgroups at increased risk
             of childhood asthma.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10903-013-9974-6},
   Key = {fds250653}
}

@article{fds250655,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Giovannucci, EL and Scott, JB and Bennett, GG and Ng,
             K and Chan, AT and Hollis, BW and Rifai, N and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS and Drake, BF},
   Title = {Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on C-peptide and
             25-hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations at 3 and 6
             Months.},
   Journal = {Scientific Reports},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {10411},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep10411},
   Abstract = {The link between African-Americans' disproportionate rates
             of diabetes, obesity and vitamin D deficiency may be marked
             by C-peptide as an indicator of insulin secretion. We
             hypothesize that vitamin D supplementation will increase
             C-peptide, a marker of insulin secretion. During 3 winters
             from 2007-2010, 328 healthy African-Americans (median age,
             51 years) living in Boston, MA were randomized into a 4-arm,
             double-blind trial for 3 months of placebo, 1000, 2000, or
             4000 IU of vitamin D3. The differences in non-fasting
             C-peptide between baseline and 3 months were -0.44 ng/mL for
             those receiving placebo, -0.10 ng/mL for those receiving
             1000 IU/d, 0 ng/mL for those receiving 2000 IU/d, 1.24 ng/mL
             for those receiving 4000 IU/d (C-peptide increased 0.42
             ng/mL for each additional 1000 IU/d of vitamin D3, p <
             0.001). Vitamin D supplementation increased C-peptide in
             overweight African-Americans and may be compatible with
             other recommendations for diabetes prevention and management
             including weight loss and increased physical
             activity.},
   Doi = {10.1038/srep10411},
   Key = {fds250655}
}

@article{fds250649,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Ng, K and Chan, AT and Hollis,
             BW and Emmons, KM and Giovannucci, EL and Fuchs, CS and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Erratum: Impact of vitamin D supplementation on adiposity in
             African-Americans (Nutrition and Diabetes (2015) 5 (e147)
             DOI:10.1038/nutd.2014.44))},
   Journal = {Nutrition & Diabetes},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {e164-e164},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2015.14},
   Doi = {10.1038/nutd.2015.14},
   Key = {fds250649}
}

@article{fds250651,
   Author = {Benjamin Neelon and SE and Namenek Brouwer and RJ and Østbye, T and Evenson, KR and Neelon, B and Martinie, A and Bennett,
             G},
   Title = {A community-based intervention increases physical activity
             and reduces obesity in school-age children in North
             Carolina.},
   Journal = {Childhood Obesity},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {297-303},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {2153-2168},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/11436 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {Community-based interventions are promising approaches to
             obesity prevention, but few studies have prospectively
             evaluated them. The aim of this study was to evaluate a
             natural experiment—a community intervention designed to
             promote active living and decrease obesity within a small
             southern town.In 2011, community leaders implemented the
             Mebane on the Move intervention—a community-wide effort to
             promote physical activity (PA) and decrease obesity among
             residents of Mebane, North Carolina. We measured child PA
             and BMI before and after the intervention, using a nearby
             town not implementing an intervention as the comparison. In
             total, we assessed 64 children from Mebane and 40 from the
             comparison community 6 months before, as well as 34 and 18
             children 6 months after the intervention. We assessed PA
             with accelerometers worn for 7 days and calculated BMI
             z-scores using children's height and weight. We conducted
             multivariable linear regressions examining pre- to
             postintervention change in minutes of PA and BMI z-score,
             adjusting for confounders.At follow-up, children in Mebane
             modestly increased their moderate-to-vigorous PA (1.3
             minutes per hour; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.2, 2.3;
             p=0.03) and vigorous activity (0.8 minutes per hour; 95% CI:
             0.1, 1.5; p=0.04) more than comparison children. In
             intervention children, BMI z-scores decreased 0.5 units
             (kg/m(2); 95% CI: -0.9, -0.02; p=0.045), compared to
             children in the comparison community.We observed positive
             effects on PA level and weight status of children in Mebane,
             despite high rates of attrition, suggesting that the
             community-based intervention may have been
             successful.},
   Doi = {10.1089/chi.2014.0130},
   Key = {fds250651}
}

@article{fds250682,
   Author = {Camacho-Rivera, M and Kawachi, I and Bennett, GG and Subramanian,
             SV},
   Title = {Revisiting the Hispanic health paradox: the relative
             contributions of nativity, country of origin, and
             race/ethnicity to childhood asthma.},
   Journal = {Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {826-833},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1557-1912},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-013-9974-6},
   Abstract = {This study examined the relationship between race and
             Hispanic ethnicity, maternal and child nativity, country of
             origin and asthma among 2,558 non-Hispanic white and
             Hispanic children across 65 Los Angeles neighborhoods. A
             series of two-level multilevel models were estimated to
             examine the independent effects of race, ethnicity, and
             country of origin on childhood asthma. Lifetime asthma
             prevalence was reported among 9% of children, with no
             significant differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanic
             whites overall. However, in fully adjusted models, Hispanic
             children of non-Mexican origin reported higher odds of
             asthma compared to non-Hispanic white children. A protective
             nativity effect was also observed among children of foreign
             born mothers compared to US born mothers. Our study provides
             evidence in support of the heterogeneity of childhood asthma
             by Hispanic ethnicity and maternal nativity. These findings
             suggest moving beyond solely considering racial/ethnic
             classifications which could mask subgroups at increased risk
             of childhood asthma.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10903-013-9974-6},
   Key = {fds250682}
}

@article{fds250658,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Bennett, GG and Askew, S and Tate,
             DF},
   Title = {Weighing every day matters: daily weighing improves weight
             loss and adoption of weight control behaviors.},
   Journal = {Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics},
   Volume = {115},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {511-518},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {2212-2672},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.011},
   Abstract = {Daily weighing is emerging as the recommended self-weighing
             frequency for weight loss. This is likely because it
             improves adoption of weight control behaviors.To examine
             whether weighing every day is associated with greater
             adoption of weight control behaviors compared with less
             frequent weighing.Longitudinal analysis of a previously
             conducted 6-month randomized controlled trial.Overweight men
             and women in Chapel Hill, NC, participated in the
             intervention arm (N=47).The intervention focused on daily
             weighing for weight loss using an e-scale that transmitted
             weights to a study website, along with weekly e-mailed
             lessons and tailored feedback on daily weighing adherence
             and weight loss progress.We gathered objective data on
             self-weighing frequency from the e-scales. At baseline and 6
             months, weight change was measured in the clinic and weight
             control behaviors (total items=37), dietary strategies, and
             calorie expenditure from physical activity were assessed via
             questionnaires. Calorie intake was assessed using an online
             24-hour recall tool.We used χ(2) tests to examine variation
             in discrete weight control behaviors and linear regression
             models to examine differences in weight, dietary strategies,
             and calorie intake and expenditure by self-weighing
             frequency.Fifty-one percent of participants weighed every
             day (n=24) over 6 months. The average self-weighing
             frequency among those weighing less than daily (n=23) was
             5.4±1.2 days per week. Daily weighers lost significantly
             more weight compared with those weighing less than daily
             (mean difference=-6.1 kg; 95% CI -10.2 to -2.1; P=0.004).
             The total number of weight control behaviors adopted was
             greater among daily weighers (17.6±7.6 vs 11.2±6.4;
             P=0.004). There were no differences by self-weighing
             frequency in dietary strategies, calorie intake, or calorie
             expenditure.Weighing every day led to greater adoption of
             weight control behaviors and produced greater weight loss
             compared with weighing most days of the week. This further
             implicates daily weighing as an effective weight loss
             tool.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.011},
   Key = {fds250658}
}

@article{fds250660,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Ng, K and Chan, AT and Hollis,
             BW and Emmons, KM and Giovannucci, EL and Fuchs, CS and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Impact of vitamin D supplementation on adiposity in
             African-Americans.},
   Journal = {Nutrition & Diabetes},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {e147},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2014.44},
   Abstract = {African-Americans have higher rates of obesity-associated
             chronic diseases. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) shows
             an inverse association with obesity status. We investigated
             whether vitamin D supplementation changes body mass index
             (BMI).In total, 328 overweight African-Americans were
             enrolled over three consecutive winter periods (2007-2010)
             into a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to
             receive cholecalciferol supplementation (0, 1000
             international units (IU), 2000 IU or 4000 IU per day)
             for 3 months. Plasma concentrations of 25(OH)D and
             anthropometric measurements were done at baseline, 3 and 6
             months.At 3 months, vitamin D supplementation in three dose
             groups (1000 IU, 2000 IU or 4000 IU per day) did not
             cause any significant changes in BMI as compared with
             placebo group 3-month change in BMI per 1000 IU per day
             estimate (SE): 0.01 (0.039); P=0.78.In overweight
             African-Americans, short-term high-dose vitamin D
             supplementation did not alter BMI.},
   Doi = {10.1038/nutd.2014.44},
   Key = {fds250660}
}

@article{fds250650,
   Author = {Price, S and Ferisin, S and Sharifi, M and Steinberg, D and Bennett, G and Wolin, KY and Horan, C and Koziol, R and Marshall, R and Taveras,
             EM},
   Title = {Development and Implementation of an Interactive Text
             Messaging Campaign to Support Behavior Change in a Childhood
             Obesity Randomized Controlled Trial.},
   Journal = {Journal of Health Communication},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {843-850},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1081-0730},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2015.1018582},
   Abstract = {Text messaging is a promising means of intervening on an
             array of health issues among varied populations, but little
             has been published about the development of such
             interventions. The authors describe the development and
             implementation of an interactive text messaging campaign for
             parents to support behavior change among children in a
             childhood obesity randomized controlled trial. The authors
             invited 160 parents to participate in a text messaging
             intervention that provided behavior change support in
             conjunction with health coaching phone calls and mailed
             materials on behavioral goals. Throughout the 1-year
             intervention, the authors sent 1-2 text messages per week.
             The first asked how the child did with a target behavior the
             day before; parents who replied received an immediate
             feedback message tailored to their response. The second
             included a tip about how to work toward a behavioral goal.
             Baseline surveys indicate that text messaging is a common
             means of communication for parents, and many are willing to
             use text messaging to support behavior change for their
             child. Results at 1 year indicate a high level of engagement
             with the text messaging intervention, with nearly two thirds
             responding to 75% or more of the questions they were sent by
             text.},
   Doi = {10.1080/10810730.2015.1018582},
   Key = {fds250650}
}

@article{fds250657,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Bennett, GG and Askew, S and Tate,
             DF},
   Title = {Weighing every day matters: Daily weighing improves weight
             loss and adoption of weight control behaviors},
   Journal = {Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics},
   Volume = {115},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {511-518},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {2212-2672},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.011},
   Abstract = {© 2015 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Background:
             Daily weighing is emerging as the recommended self-weighing
             frequency for weight loss. This is likely because it
             improves adoption of weight control behaviors. Objective: To
             examine whether weighing every day is associated with
             greater adoption of weight control behaviors compared with
             less frequent weighing. Design: Longitudinal analysis of a
             previously conducted 6-month randomized controlled trial.
             Participants/setting: Overweight men and women in Chapel
             Hill, NC, participated in the intervention arm (N=47).
             Intervention: The intervention focused on daily weighing for
             weight loss using an e-scale that transmitted weights to a
             study website, along with weekly e-mailed lessons and
             tailored feedback on daily weighing adherence and weight
             loss progress. Main outcome measures: We gathered objective
             data on self-weighing frequency from the e-scales. At
             baseline and 6 months, weight change was measured in the
             clinic and weight control behaviors (total items=37),
             dietary strategies, and calorie expenditure from physical
             activity were assessed via questionnaires. Calorie intake
             was assessed using an online 24-hour recall tool.
             Statistical analyses: We used χ2 tests to examine variation
             in discrete weight control behaviors and linear regression
             models to examine differences in weight, dietary strategies,
             and calorie intake and expenditure by self-weighing
             frequency. Results: Fifty-one percent of participants
             weighed every day (n=24) over 6 months. The average
             self-weighing frequency among those weighing less than daily
             (n=23) was 5.4±1.2 days per week. Daily weighers lost
             significantly more weight compared with those weighing less
             than daily (mean difference=-6.1 kg; 95% CI -10.2 to -2.1;
             P=0.004). The total number of weight control behaviors
             adopted was greater among daily weighers (17.6±7.6 vs
             11.2±6.4; P=0.004). There were no differences by
             self-weighing frequency in dietary strategies, calorie
             intake, or calorie expenditure. Conclusions: Weighing every
             day led to greater adoption of weight control behaviors and
             produced greater weight loss compared with weighing most
             days of the week. This further implicates daily weighing as
             an effective weight loss tool.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.011},
   Key = {fds250657}
}

@article{fds290488,
   Author = {Wolin, KY and Steinberg, DM and Lane, IB and Askew, S and Greaney, ML and Colditz, GA and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Engagement with eHealth Self-Monitoring in a Primary
             Care-Based Weight Management Intervention.},
   Journal = {Plos One},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {e0140455},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140455},
   Abstract = {While eHealth approaches hold promise for improving the
             reach and cost-effectiveness of behavior change
             interventions, they have been challenged by declining
             participant engagement over time, particularly for
             self-monitoring behaviors. These are significant concerns in
             the context of chronic disease prevention and management
             where durable effects are important for driving meaningful
             changes."Be Fit, Be Well" was an eHealth weight loss
             intervention that allowed participants to self-select a
             self-monitoring modality (web or interactive voice response
             (IVR)). Participants could change their modality. As such,
             this study provides a unique opportunity to examine the
             effects of intervention modality choice and changing
             modalities on intervention engagement and
             outcomes.Intervention participants, who were recruited from
             community health centers, (n = 180) were expected to
             self-monitor health behaviors weekly over the course of the
             24-month intervention. We examined trends in intervention
             engagement by modality (web, IVR, or changed modality) among
             participants in the intervention arm.The majority (61%) of
             participants chose IVR self-monitoring, while 39% chose web.
             56% of those who selected web monitoring changed to IVR
             during the study versus no change in those who initially
             selected IVR. Self-monitoring declined in both modalities,
             but completion rates were higher in those who selected IVR.
             There were no associations between self-monitoring modality
             and weight or blood pressure outcomes.This is the first
             study to compare web and IVR self-monitoring in an eHealth
             intervention where participants could select and change
             their self-monitoring modality. IVR shows promise for
             achieving consistent engagement.},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0140455},
   Key = {fds290488}
}

@article{fds324095,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Agboola, F and Ng, K and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Bennett, GG and Chan, AT and Hollis, BW and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS and Giovannucci, EL},
   Title = {Reduction of Parathyroid Hormone with Vitamin D
             Supplementation in Blacks: A Randomized Controlled
             Trial.},
   Journal = {BMC Nutrition},
   Volume = {1},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40795-015-0024-8},
   Abstract = {Response of parathyroid hormone (PTH) to vitamin D
             supplementation is determined by the baseline PTH level and
             change in vitamin D status. Conflicting reports in Blacks
             exist on the PTH response to vitamin D to
             supplementation.During 3 winters from 2007-2010, 328 healthy
             Blacks (median age, 51 years) living in Boston, MA were
             randomized into a 4-arm, double-blind trial for 3 months of
             placebo, 1000, 2000, or 4000 IU of vitamin D3. PTH was
             measured in 254 participants at baseline and at the end of
             vitamin D supplementation period.The differences in PTH
             between baseline and 3 months were 3.93 pg/mL for those
             receiving placebo, -3.37 pg/mL for those receiving 1000
             IU/d, -6.76 pg/mL for those receiving 2000 IU/d, and -8.99
             pg/mL for those receiving 4000 IU/d ( -2.98 pg/mL for each
             additional 1000 IU/d of vitamin D3; p<0.001).We found a
             significant decrease in PTH with increasing doses of vitamin
             D supplementation up to intakes of 4000 IU/d in Blacks.
             Clinical Trials.gov: NCT00585637.},
   Doi = {10.1186/s40795-015-0024-8},
   Key = {fds324095}
}

@article{fds250648,
   Author = {Logsdon, MC and Bennett, G and Crutzen, R and Martin, L and Eckert, D and Robertson, A and Myers, J and Tomasulo, R and Gregg, J and Barone, M and Lynch, T and Flamini, L},
   Title = {Preferred health resources and use of social media to obtain
             health and depression information by adolescent
             mothers.},
   Journal = {Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing :
             Official Publication of the Association of Child and
             Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses, Inc},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {163-168},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1073-6077},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcap.12083},
   Abstract = {Little is known about how adolescent mothers use social
             media and the Internet, especially to access health
             information.In this cross-sectional, descriptive study,
             adolescent mothers were recruited from an academic medical
             center after the birth of their child (n = 94) or from a
             state-funded, home visitation program during the first year
             after birth (n = 91). They completed the Pew Internet
             Survey: 37 questions related to use of social media and
             Internet, particularly in regard to obtaining health
             information.All adolescent mothers used a computer and
             almost all went online. Most accessed the Internet by cell
             phone (67.4%) and used social media. The health topics
             searched most frequently were pregnancy/birth control
             (85.8%), sexually transmitted diseases (n = 134, 72.6%) and
             HIV (66.3%). Response to survey questions differed between
             the two groups (adolescent mothers surveyed after birth from
             academic medical center and adolescent mothers surveyed in
             the first postpartum year in the community).Adolescent
             mothers spend significant time on the Internet including
             searching for health information. Cell phones are their
             preferred methods for accessing the Internet, and they use
             social media. Thus, social media and the Internet are
             potentially feasible and acceptable vehicles to deliver
             health interventions to adolescent mothers.},
   Doi = {10.1111/jcap.12083},
   Key = {fds250648}
}

@article{fds250652,
   Author = {Batch, BC and Tyson, C and Bagwell, J and Corsino, L and Intille, S and Lin, PH and Lazenka, T and Bennett, G and Bosworth, HB and Voils, C and Grambow, S and Sutton, A and Bordogna, R and Pangborn, M and Schwager,
             J and Pilewski, K and Caccia, C and Burroughs, J and Svetkey,
             LP},
   Title = {Corrigendum to "Weight loss intervention for young adults
             using mobile technology: Design and rationale of a
             randomized controlled trial - Cell phone Intervention for
             You (CITY)" [Contemp Clin Trials 37/2 (2014)
             333-341].},
   Journal = {Contemporary Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {351},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1551-7144},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2014.10.001},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2014.10.001},
   Key = {fds250652}
}

@article{fds250661,
   Author = {Pollak, KI and Alexander, SC and Bennett, G and Lyna, P and Coffman, CJ and Bilheimer, A and Farrell, D and Bodner, ME and Swamy, GK and Østbye,
             T},
   Title = {Weight-related SMS texts promoting appropriate pregnancy
             weight gain: A pilot study},
   Journal = {Patient Education and Counseling},
   Volume = {97},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {256-260},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0738-3991},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2014.07.030},
   Abstract = {© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Objectives: Excessive
             gestational weight gain (GWG) puts women and children at
             risk of obesity. We piloted an SMS-texting intervention to
             promote healthy GWG among overweight and obese women.
             Methods: We recruited 35 women and randomized them in a 2:1
             fashion to: a tailored SMS-texting intervention (Preg CHAT)
             vs. a generic texting intervention (Txt4baby). Preg CHAT
             texts provided personalized feedback based on women's intake
             of sweetened beverages, fruits and vegetables, fast food,
             daily steps taken, and weight. We abstracted women's weights
             from charts and surveyed women at baseline and 32 weeks
             gestation. Results: Few women refused the study; many (30%)
             did not complete the study, however. Of those in the Preg
             CHAT arm, 86% responded to texts, and 80% said they would
             recommend this program to a friend. For women who completed
             the surveys (. n=. 23), those in the Preg CHAT arm had a
             mean gain of 6 less pounds than women in the Txt4Baby arm
             (95% CI -15.9, 4.0; p=. 0.24). Conclusions: This pilot study
             shows feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of
             a low-intensity and disseminable intervention to help
             overweight and obese women reduce GWG. Practice
             implications: An SMS texting program might help overweight
             women reduce excessive GWG.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.pec.2014.07.030},
   Key = {fds250661}
}

@article{fds250666,
   Author = {Herring, SJ and Cruice, JF and Bennett, GG and Davey, A and Foster,
             GD},
   Title = {Using technology to promote postpartum weight loss in urban,
             low-income mothers: a pilot randomized controlled
             trial.},
   Journal = {Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {610-615},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1499-4046},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2014.06.002},
   Abstract = {To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial
             efficacy of a technology-based weight loss intervention for
             urban, low-income mothers.Eighteen obese, ethnic minority,
             socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers in the first year
             after childbirth were randomly assigned to either: 1)
             technology-based intervention, which included empirically
             supported behavior-change strategies, daily skills, and
             self-monitoring text messages with personalized feedback,
             biweekly counseling calls from a health coach, and access to
             a Facebook support group, or 2) usual-care control.After 14
             weeks of treatment, the technology-based intervention
             participants had significantly greater weight loss (-2.9 ±
             3.6 kg) than usual care (0.5 ± 2.3 kg; adjusted mean
             difference: -3.2 kg, 95% confidence interval -6.2 to -0.1
             kg, P = .04). One-third of intervention participants (3 of
             9) and no control participants lost > 5% of their initial
             body weight at follow up.Results suggest the potential for
             using technology to deliver a postpartum weight loss
             intervention among low-income racial/ethnic
             minorities.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jneb.2014.06.002},
   Key = {fds250666}
}

@article{fds250662,
   Author = {Newton, RL and Griffith, DM and Kearney, WB and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {A systematic review of weight loss, physical activity and
             dietary interventions involving African American
             men.},
   Journal = {Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International
             Association for the Study of Obesity},
   Volume = {15 Suppl 4},
   Pages = {93-106},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1467-7881},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12209},
   Abstract = {When compared with men of other racial or ethnic groups,
             African American men are more likely to experience adverse
             health conditions. The systematic review objectives were to
             (i) determine the current evidence base concerning African
             American men's response to lifestyle behavioural
             interventions designed to promote weight loss, increase
             physical activity, and/or improve healthy eating and (ii)
             determine the next steps for research in these areas. The
             PubMed, Web of Science, Psych Info and Cochrane databases
             were searched to identify papers published before January 1,
             2013 that reported change in weight, physical activity
             and/or dietary patterns in African American men aged 18 and
             older, as a result of behavioural change strategies. The
             titles and abstracts of 1,403 papers were screened; after
             removing duplicates, 141 papers were read to determine their
             eligibility. Seventeen publications from 14 studies reported
             outcomes for African American men. Eight large multi-centre
             trials and six community-based studies were identified.
             African American men were an exclusive sample in only four
             studies. Five studies showed statistically significant
             improvements. Although the available evidence appears to
             show that these interventions produce positive results, the
             relative and the long-term effectiveness of weight loss,
             dietary and/or physical activity interventions for this
             population are unknown.},
   Doi = {10.1111/obr.12209},
   Key = {fds250662}
}

@article{fds250664,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Steinberg, DM and Stoute, C and Lanpher, M and Lane, I and Askew, S and Foley, PB and Baskin, ML},
   Title = {Electronic health (eHealth) interventions for weight
             management among racial/ethnic minority adults: a systematic
             review.},
   Journal = {Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International
             Association for the Study of Obesity},
   Volume = {15 Suppl 4},
   Pages = {146-158},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1467-7881},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12218},
   Abstract = {Electronic health (eHealth) interventions have demonstrated
             efficacy for weight management. However, little is known
             about their efficacy among racial/ethnic minority
             populations, in whom there is a disproportionate prevalence
             of obesity. This systematic review evaluated the efficacy of
             eHealth weight management interventions among overweight and
             obese racial/ethnic minority adults. We required that trial
             samples be comprised of at least 50% racial/ethnic
             minorities or report outcomes by race/ethnicity. We searched
             five electronic databases for trials conducted through June
             2012. Six papers met our eligibility criteria. These studies
             provide suggestive evidence that eHealth interventions can
             produce low magnitude, short-term weight loss among
             racial/ethnic minorities. Trials were methodologically
             sound, with high retention and participant engagement. There
             was no evidence detailing the efficacy of mobile health
             approaches, although this area is promising given high
             utilization rates of mobile devices among racial/ethnic
             minorities. More evidence, particularly from longer-term
             trials, is necessary to demonstrate that eHealth
             intervention approaches can produce clinically meaningful
             (≥ 5% of initial body weight) weight loss among
             racial/ethnic minority populations.},
   Doi = {10.1111/obr.12218},
   Key = {fds250664}
}

@article{fds250667,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Askew, S and Lanpher, MG and Foley, PB and Levine, EL and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {The effect of a "maintain, don't gain" approach to weight
             management on depression among black women: results from a
             randomized controlled trial.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Public Health},
   Volume = {104},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1766-1773},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0090-0036},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2014.302004},
   Abstract = {We evaluated the effect of a weight gain prevention
             intervention (Shape Program) on depression among
             socioeconomically disadvantaged overweight and obese Black
             women.Between 2009 and 2012, we conducted a randomized trial
             comparing a 12-month electronic health-based weight gain
             prevention intervention to usual primary care at 5 central
             North Carolina community health centers. We assessed
             depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8). We
             analyzed change in depression score from baseline to 12- and
             18-month follow-up across groups with mixed models. We used
             generalized estimating equation models to analyze group
             differences in the proportion above the clinical threshold
             for depression (PHQ-8 score ≥ 10).At baseline, 20% of
             participants reported depression. Twelve-month change in
             depression scores was larger for intervention participants
             (mean difference = -1.85; 95% confidence interval = -3.08,
             -0.61; P = .004). There was a significant reduction in the
             proportion of intervention participants with depression at
             12 months with no change in the usual-care group (11% vs
             19%; P = .035). All effects persisted after we controlled
             for weight change and medication use. We saw similar
             findings at 18 months.The Shape Program, which includes no
             mention of mood, improved depression among socioeconomically
             disadvantaged Black women.},
   Doi = {10.2105/ajph.2014.302004},
   Key = {fds250667}
}

@article{fds250668,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Giovannucci, EL and Scott, JB and Bennett, GG and Ng,
             K and Chan, AT and Hollis, BW and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS and Drake,
             BF},
   Title = {Null association between vitamin D and PSA levels among
             black men in a vitamin D supplementation
             trial.},
   Journal = {Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication
             of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored
             by the American Society of Preventive Oncology},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1944-1947},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1055-9965},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0522},
   Abstract = {Black men exhibit a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency
             as well as a higher incidence of prostate cancer and higher
             mortality rates from prostate cancer than Whites. There are
             few data about the effect of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
             supplementation on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in
             healthy Black men.During three winters from 2007 to 2010,
             105 Black men (median age, 48.9 years) of Boston, MA were
             randomized into a four-arm, double-blind trial for 3 months
             of placebo, 1,000, 2,000, or 4,000 U of vitamin D3. At
             baseline and 3 months, free and total PSA was measured.With
             vitamin D supplementation, no significant differences in
             free and total PSA were observed; free PSA, -0.0004 ng/mL (P
             = 0.94) and total PSA, -0.004 ng/mL (P = 0.92) for each
             additional 1,000 U/d of vitamin D3.Within an unselected
             population of healthy Black men without a cancer diagnosis,
             we found no effect of vitamin D supplementation on free or
             total PSA.These findings support prior findings of no change
             in PSA with vitamin D supplementation and emphasize the need
             for new methods to assess the influence of vitamin D
             supplementation on prostate cancer prevention.},
   Doi = {10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0522},
   Key = {fds250668}
}

@article{fds250669,
   Author = {Camacho-Rivera, M and Kawachi, I and Bennett, GG and Subramanian,
             SV},
   Title = {Associations of neighborhood concentrated poverty,
             neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, and indoor allergen
             exposures: a cross-sectional analysis of los angeles
             households, 2006-2008.},
   Journal = {Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy
             of Medicine},
   Volume = {91},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {661-676},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {1099-3460},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9872-9},
   Abstract = {Although racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and neighborhood
             factors have been linked to asthma, and the association
             between indoor allergens and asthma is well documented, few
             studies have examined the relationship between these factors
             and indoor allergens. We examined the frequency of reported
             indoor allergens and differences by racial/ethnic,
             socioeconomic, and neighborhood characteristics among a
             diverse sample of Los Angeles households. Multilevel
             logistic regression models were used to analyze the data
             from 723 households from wave 2 of the Los Angeles Family
             and Neighborhood Survey. The reported presence of rats,
             mice, cockroaches, mold, pets, and tobacco smoke were the
             primary outcomes of interest. Hispanic and Asian households
             had a nearly threefold increase in the odds of reporting
             cockroaches compared to non-Hispanic Whites (OR, 2.85; 95 %
             CI 1.38-5.88 and OR, 2.62; 95 % CI 1.02-6.73, respectively)
             even after adjusting for socioeconomic factors. Primary
             caregivers who had obtained a high school degree were
             significantly less likely to report the presence of mice and
             cockroaches compared to primary caregivers with less than a
             high school degree (OR, 0.19; 95 % CI 0.08-0.46 and OR,
             0.39; 95 % CI 0.23-0.68, respectively). Primary caregivers
             with more than a high school degree were also less likely to
             report the presence of rats, mice, and cockroaches within
             their households, compared to those with less than a high
             school degree. Compared to renters, home owners were less
             likely to report the presence of mice, cockroaches, and mold
             within their households. At the neighborhood level,
             households located within neighborhoods of high concentrated
             poverty (where the average poverty rate is at least 50 %)
             were more likely to report the presence of mice and
             cockroaches compared to households in low concentrated
             poverty neighborhoods (average poverty rate is 10 % or
             less), after adjusting for individual race/ethnicity and
             socioeconomic characteristics. Our study found evidence in
             support of neighborhood-level racial/ethnic and
             socioeconomic influences on indoor allergen exposure, above
             and beyond individual factors. Future studies should
             continue to explore individual and neighborhood-level
             racial/ethnic and socioeconomic differences in household
             allergen exposures across diverse contexts.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11524-014-9872-9},
   Key = {fds250669}
}

@article{fds250676,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Ng, K and Forman, JP and Chan,
             AT and Bennett, GG and Hollis, BW and Giovannucci, EL and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS},
   Title = {Risk of hypercalcemia in blacks taking hydrochlorothiazide
             and vitamin D.},
   Journal = {The American Journal of Medicine},
   Volume = {127},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {772-778},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0002-9343},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.02.044},
   Abstract = {Hydrochlorothiazide, an effective antihypertensive
             medication commonly prescribed to blacks, decreases urinary
             calcium excretion. Blacks have significantly higher rates of
             hypertension and lower levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Thus,
             they are more likely to be exposed to vitamin D
             supplementation and thiazide diuretics. The risk for
             hypercalcemia among blacks using vitamin D and
             hydrochlorothiazide is undefined.We assessed the frequency
             of hypercalcemia in hydrochlorothiazide users in a post hoc
             analysis of a randomized, double-blind, dose-finding trial
             of 328 blacks (median age 51 years) assigned to either
             placebo, or 1000, 2000, or 4000 international units of
             cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) daily for 3 months during the
             winter (2007-2010).Of the 328 participants, 84 reported
             hydrochlorothiazide use and had serum calcium levels
             assessed. Additionally, a comparison convenience group of 44
             enrolled participants who were not taking
             hydrochlorothiazide had serum calcium measurements at 3
             months, but not at baseline. At 3 months,
             hydrochlorothiazide participants had higher calcium levels
             (0.2 mg/dL, P <.001) than nonhydrochlorothiazide
             participants, but only one participant in the
             hydrochlorothiazide group had hypercalcemia. In contrast,
             none of the nonhydrochlorothiazide participants had
             hypercalcemia. In a linear regression model adjusted for
             age, sex, 25-hydroxyvitamin D at 3 months, and other
             covariates, only hydrochlorothiazide use (Estimate [SE]:
             0.05 [0.01], P = .01) predicted serum calcium at 3 months.In
             summary, vitamin D3 supplementation up to 4000 IU in
             hydrochlorothiazide users is associated with an increase in
             serum calcium but a low frequency of hypercalcemia. These
             findings suggest that participants of this population can
             use hydrochlorothiazide with up to 4000 IU of vitamin D3
             daily and experience a low frequency of hypercalcemia.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.02.044},
   Key = {fds250676}
}

@article{fds250673,
   Author = {Emmons, KM and Puleo, E and Greaney, ML and Gillman, MW and Bennett, GG and Haines, J and Sprunck-Harrild, K and Viswanath,
             K},
   Title = {A randomized comparative effectiveness study of Healthy
             Directions 2--a multiple risk behavior intervention for
             primary care.},
   Journal = {Preventive Medicine},
   Volume = {64},
   Pages = {96-102},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0091-7435},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.03.011},
   Abstract = {To evaluate the effectiveness of the Healthy Directions 2
             (HD2) intervention in the primary care setting.HD2 was a
             cluster randomized trial (conducted 3/09-11/11). The primary
             sampling unit was provider (n=33), with secondary sampling
             of patients within provider (n=2440). Study arms included:
             1) usual care (UC); 2) HD2--a patient self-guided
             intervention targeting 5 risk behaviors; and 3) HD2 plus 2
             brief telephone coaching calls (HD2+CC). The outcome measure
             was the proportion of participants with a lower multiple
             risk behavior (MRB) score by follow-up.At baseline, only 4%
             of the participants met all behavioral recommendations. Both
             HD2 and HD2+CC led to improvements in MRB score, relative to
             UC, with no differences between the two HD2 conditions.
             Twenty-eight percent of the UC participants had improved MRB
             scores at 6 months, vs. 39% and 43% in HD2 and HD2+CC,
             respectively (ps≤.001); results were similar at 18 months
             (p≤.05). The incremental cost of one risk factor reduction
             in MRB score was $310 for HD2 and $450 for
             HD2+CC.Self-guided and coached intervention conditions had
             equivalent levels of effect in reducing multiple chronic
             disease risk factors, were relatively low cost, and thus are
             potentially useful for routine implementation in similar
             health settings.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.03.011},
   Key = {fds250673}
}

@article{fds250683,
   Author = {Lin, P-H and Wang, Y and Levine, E and Askew, S and Lin, S and Chang, C and Sun, J and Foley, P and Wang, H and Li, X and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {A text messaging-assisted randomized lifestyle weight loss
             clinical trial among overweight adults in
             Beijing.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {E29-E37},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24375969},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: The impact of a text messaging-assisted lifestyle
             weight loss intervention on weight change among overweight
             adults in Beijing was examined. METHODS: It was a 6-month
             randomized two arm clinical trial. The control group
             received a brief advice session after randomization. The
             intervention group received three group sessions, five
             coaching calls, and a daily text message prompting
             participants to follow predetermined lifestyle goals.
             RESULTS: A total of 123 participants were randomized. At 6
             months, controls gained 0.24 ± 0.28 kg (0.21% ± 0.38%)
             (NS) while intervention participants lost 1.6 ± 0.28 kg
             (2.31% ± 0.38%) (p < 0.0001). Intervention participants
             decreased waist circumference (WC) (-2.69 ± 0.43 cm, p <
             0.0001), percent body fat (%BF) (-0.66% ± 0.19%, p =
             0.0007), and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)
             significantly (-1.71 ± 1.12/-3.24 ± 0.87 mmHg), while the
             controls had no change in WC and %BF and increased SBP/DBP
             by 2.43 ± 1.14/1.20 ± 0.88 mmHg (between groups: p =
             0.01/p = 0.0004). CONCLUSIONS: This text message-assisted
             lifestyle intervention was effective in reducing weight, WC,
             %BF, and improving BP. Coupled with the scalable feature of
             the intervention, this finding is intriguing in light of the
             potential reach of the intervention for countries like China
             where mobile phone penetration is high and the obesity rate
             continues to rise.},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.20686},
   Key = {fds250683}
}

@article{fds250674,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Levine, EL and Lane, I and Askew, S and Foley, PB and Puleo, E and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Adherence to self-monitoring via interactive voice response
             technology in an eHealth intervention targeting weight gain
             prevention among Black women: randomized controlled
             trial.},
   Journal = {Journal of Medical Internet Research},
   Volume = {16},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {e114},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1439-4456},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.2996},
   Abstract = {eHealth interventions are effective for weight control and
             have the potential for broad reach. Little is known about
             the use of interactive voice response (IVR) technology for
             self-monitoring in weight control interventions,
             particularly among populations disproportionately affected
             by obesity.This analysis sought to examine patterns and
             predictors of IVR self-monitoring adherence and the
             association between adherence and weight change among
             low-income black women enrolled in a weight gain prevention
             intervention.The Shape Program was a randomized controlled
             trial comparing a 12-month eHealth behavioral weight gain
             prevention intervention to usual care among overweight and
             obese black women in the primary care setting. Intervention
             participants (n=91) used IVR technology to self-monitor
             behavior change goals (eg, no sugary drinks, 10,000 steps
             per day) via weekly IVR calls. Weight data were collected in
             clinic at baseline, 6, and 12 months. Self-monitoring data
             was stored in a study database and adherence was
             operationalized as the percent of weeks with a successful
             IVR call.Over 12 months, the average IVR completion rate was
             71.6% (SD 28.1) and 52% (47/91) had an IVR completion rate
             ≥80%. At 12 months, IVR call completion was significantly
             correlated with weight loss (r =-.22; P=.04) and
             participants with an IVR completion rate ≥80% had
             significantly greater weight loss compared to those with an
             IVR completion rate <80% (-1.97 kg, SE 0.67 vs 0.48 kg, SE
             0.69; P=.01). Similar outcomes were found for change in body
             mass index (BMI; mean difference -0.94 kg, 95% CI -1.64 to
             -0.24; P=.009). Older, more educated participants were more
             likely to achieve high IVR call completion. Participants
             reported positive attitudes toward IVR self-monitoring.Adherence
             to IVR self-monitoring was high among socioeconomically
             disadvantaged black women enrolled in a weight gain
             prevention intervention. Higher adherence to IVR
             self-monitoring was also associated with greater weight
             change. IVR is an effective and useful tool to promote
             self-monitoring and has the potential for widespread use and
             long-term sustainability.Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00938535;
             http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00938535.},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.2996},
   Key = {fds250674}
}

@article{fds290490,
   Author = {Herring, SJ and Cruice, JF and Bennett, GG and Davey, A and Ajibola, WO and Foster, GD},
   Title = {USING TECHNOLOGY TO PROMOTE POSTPARTUM WEIGHT LOSS IN
             ETHNICALLY DIVERSE, LOW-INCOME MOTHERS},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {47},
   Pages = {S89-S89},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000334408300339&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290490}
}

@article{fds290493,
   Author = {Quintiliani, LM and Turner-McGrievy, G and Bennett, GG and Hekler,
             EB and Iyer, AK and Nilsen, WJ},
   Title = {ACADEMIC-INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS IN EHEALTH ACROSS MULTIPLE
             BEHAVIORS: A PANEL DISCUSSION OF THE BENEFITS AND RISKS FOR
             YOUR RESEARCH PORTFOLIO},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {47},
   Pages = {S153-S153},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000334408300588&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290493}
}

@article{fds290491,
   Author = {Stoute, CH and Lanpher, MG and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {NEGATIVE LIFE EVENTS IMPEDE SUCCESS AMONG LOW INCOME, BLACK
             WOMEN IN AN EHEALTH WEIGHT GAIN PREVENTION
             PROGRAM},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {47},
   Pages = {S172-S172},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000334408300659&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290491}
}

@article{fds290492,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Askew, S and Lanpher, MG and Foley, PB and Levine, EL and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {A WEIGHT GAIN PREVENTION INTERVENTION REDUCES DEPRESSION
             AMONG BLACK WOMEN: RESULTS FROM AN RCT},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {47},
   Pages = {S170-S170},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000334408300649&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290492}
}

@article{fds250665,
   Author = {Batch, BC and Tyson, C and Bagwell, J and Corsino, L and Intille, S and Lin, P-H and Lazenka, T and Bennett, G and Bosworth, HB and Voils, C and Grambow, S and Sutton, A and Bordogna, R and Pangborn, M and Schwager,
             J and Pilewski, K and Caccia, C and Burroughs, J and Svetkey,
             LP},
   Title = {Weight loss intervention for young adults using mobile
             technology: design and rationale of a randomized controlled
             trial - Cell Phone Intervention for You (CITY).},
   Journal = {Contemporary Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {333-341},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1551-7144},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/10732 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:The obesity epidemic has spread to young adults,
             leading to significant public health implications later in
             adulthood. Intervention in early adulthood may be an
             effective public health strategy for reducing the long-term
             health impact of the epidemic. Few weight loss trials have
             been conducted in young adults. It is unclear what weight
             loss strategies are beneficial in this population.
             PURPOSE:To describe the design and rationale of the
             NHLBI-sponsored Cell Phone Intervention for You (CITY)
             study, which is a single center, randomized three-arm trial
             that compares the impact on weight loss of 1) a behavioral
             intervention that is delivered almost entirely via cell
             phone technology (Cell Phone group); and 2) a behavioral
             intervention delivered mainly through monthly personal
             coaching calls enhanced by self-monitoring via cell phone
             (Personal Coaching group), each compared to 3) a usual care,
             advice-only control condition. METHODS:A total of 365
             community-dwelling overweight/obese adults aged 18-35 years
             were randomized to receive one of these three interventions
             for 24 months in parallel group design. Study personnel
             assessing outcomes were blinded to group assignment. The
             primary outcome is weight change at 24 [corrected] months.
             We hypothesize that each active intervention will cause more
             weight loss than the usual care condition. Study completion
             is anticipated in 2014. CONCLUSIONS:If effective,
             implementation of the CITY interventions could mitigate the
             alarming rates of obesity in young adults through promotion
             of weight loss. ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT01092364.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2014.01.003},
   Key = {fds250665}
}

@article{fds250675,
   Author = {Ng, K and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Chan, AT and Hollis, BW and Chandler,
             PD and Bennett, GG and Giovannucci, EL and Gonzalez-Suarez, E and Meyerhardt, JA and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS},
   Title = {Dose response to vitamin D supplementation in African
             Americans: Results of a 4-arm, randomized,
             placebo-controlled trial},
   Journal = {American Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
   Volume = {99},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {587-598},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0002-9165},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.067777},
   Abstract = {Background: Association studies have suggested that lower
             circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in African
             Americans may partially underlie higher rates of
             cardiovascular disease and cancer in this population.
             Nonetheless, the relation between vitamin D supplementation
             and 25(OH)D concentrations in African Americans remains
             undefined. Objective: Our primary objective was to determine
             the doseresponse relation between vitamin D and plasma
             25(OH)D. Design: A total of 328 African Americans in Boston,
             MA, were enrolled over 3 winters from 2007 to 2010 and
             randomly assigned to receive a placebo or 1000, 2000, or
             4000 IU vitamin D3/d for 3 mo. Subjects completed
             sociodemographic and dietary questionnaires, and plasma
             samples were drawn at baseline and 3 and 6 mo. Results:
             Median plasma 25(OH)D concentrations at baseline were 15.1,
             16.2, 13.9, and 15.7 ng/mL for subjects randomly assigned to
             receive the placebo or 1000, 2000, or 4000 IU/d,
             respectively (P = 0.63). The median plasma 25(OH)D
             concentration at 3 mo differed significantly between
             supplementation arms at 13.7, 29.7, 34.8, and 45.9 ng/mL,
             respectively (P < 0.001). An estimated 1640 IU vitamin D3/d
             was needed to raise the plasma 25(OH)D concentration to
             ≥20 ng/mL in ≥97.5% of participants, whereas a dose of
             4000 IU/d was needed to achieve concentrations ≥33 ng/mL
             in ≥80% of subjects. No significant hypercalcemia was seen
             in a subset of participants. Conclusions: Within African
             Americans, an estimated 1640 IU vitamin D3/d was required to
             achieve concentrations of plasma 25(OH)D recommended by the
             Institute of Medicine, whereas 4000 IU/d was needed to reach
             concentrations predicted to reduce cancer and
             cardio-vascular disease risk in prospective observational
             studies. These results may be helpful for informing future
             trials of disease prevention. This trial was registered at
             clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00585637. © 2014 American Society
             for Nutrition.},
   Doi = {10.3945/ajcn.113.067777},
   Key = {fds250675}
}

@article{fds250679,
   Author = {Hill, A and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Socioeconomic status and obesity in Cairo, Egypt: A heavy
             burden for all},
   Journal = {Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {13-21},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {2210-6006},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2013.09.001},
   Abstract = {Studies have generally shown a positive association between
             socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in low-income
             countries, but few have tested this relationship in the
             Middle East where obesity prevalence is extraordinarily high
             and the nutrition profile more closely resembles developed
             world contexts. The objective of this study is to examine
             the SES-obesity association in Cairo, Egypt.Multinomial
             regression analyses were conducted and predicted
             probabilities were found for overweight and obesity status
             among adult men and women in a stratified analysis. Data
             were taken from the 2007 Cairo Urban Inequity Study which
             collected information on 3993 individuals from 50
             neighborhoods in the Cairo Governorate. Five different
             measures of SES were utilized - education, household
             expenditures, household assets, subjective wealth, and
             father's education. No significant associations were found
             between most measures of SES and overweight/obesity in this
             population. Overweight and obesity are prevalent across the
             SES spectrum.These findings suggest that obesity programs
             and policies should be targeted at all SES groups in Cairo,
             although specific mechanisms may vary by SES and should be
             explored further in future studies. © 2013 Ministry of
             Health, Saudi Arabia.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jegh.2013.09.001},
   Key = {fds250679}
}

@article{fds250685,
   Author = {Ng, K and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Chan, AT and Hollis, BW and Chandler,
             PD and Bennett, GG and Giovannucci, EL and Gonzalez-Suarez, E and Meyerhardt, JA and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS},
   Title = {Dose response to vitamin D supplementation in African
             Americans: results of a 4-arm, randomized,
             placebo-controlled trial.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
   Volume = {99},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {587-598},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24368437},
   Abstract = {Association studies have suggested that lower circulating
             25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in African Americans may
             partially underlie higher rates of cardiovascular disease
             and cancer in this population. Nonetheless, the relation
             between vitamin D supplementation and 25(OH)D concentrations
             in African Americans remains undefined.Our primary objective
             was to determine the dose-response relation between vitamin
             D and plasma 25(OH)D.A total of 328 African Americans in
             Boston, MA, were enrolled over 3 winters from 2007 to 2010
             and randomly assigned to receive a placebo or 1000, 2000, or
             4000 IU vitamin D₃/d for 3 mo. Subjects completed
             sociodemographic and dietary questionnaires, and plasma
             samples were drawn at baseline and 3 and 6 mo.Median plasma
             25(OH)D concentrations at baseline were 15.1, 16.2, 13.9,
             and 15.7 ng/mL for subjects randomly assigned to receive the
             placebo or 1000, 2000, or 4000 IU/d, respectively (P =
             0.63). The median plasma 25(OH)D concentration at 3 mo
             differed significantly between supplementation arms at 13.7,
             29.7, 34.8, and 45.9 ng/mL, respectively (P < 0.001). An
             estimated 1640 IU vitamin D₃/d was needed to raise the
             plasma 25(OH)D concentration to ≥ 20 ng/mL in ≥ 97.5% of
             participants, whereas a dose of 4000 IU/d was needed to
             achieve concentrations ≥ 33 ng/mL in ≥ 80% of subjects.
             No significant hypercalcemia was seen in a subset of
             participants.Within African Americans, an estimated 1640 IU
             vitamin D₃/d was required to achieve concentrations of
             plasma 25(OH)D recommended by the Institute of Medicine,
             whereas 4000 IU/d was needed to reach concentrations
             predicted to reduce cancer and cardiovascular disease risk
             in prospective observational studies. These results may be
             helpful for informing future trials of disease
             prevention.},
   Doi = {10.3945/ajcn.113.067777},
   Key = {fds250685}
}

@article{fds250689,
   Author = {Mowafi, M and Khadr, Z and Kawachi, I and Subramanian, SV and Hill, A and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Socioeconomic status and obesity in Cairo, Egypt: a heavy
             burden for all.},
   Journal = {Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {13-21},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {2210-6006},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2013.09.001},
   Abstract = {Studies have generally shown a positive association between
             socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in low-income
             countries, but few have tested this relationship in the
             Middle East where obesity prevalence is extraordinarily high
             and the nutrition profile more closely resembles developed
             world contexts. The objective of this study is to examine
             the SES-obesity association in Cairo, Egypt. Multinomial
             regression analyses were conducted and predicted
             probabilities were found for overweight and obesity status
             among adult men and women in a stratified analysis. Data
             were taken from the 2007 Cairo Urban Inequity Study which
             collected information on 3993 individuals from 50
             neighborhoods in the Cairo Governorate. Five different
             measures of SES were utilized - education, household
             expenditures, household assets, subjective wealth, and
             father's education. No significant associations were found
             between most measures of SES and overweight/obesity in this
             population. Overweight and obesity are prevalent across the
             SES spectrum. These findings suggest that obesity programs
             and policies should be targeted at all SES groups in Cairo,
             although specific mechanisms may vary by SES and should be
             explored further in future studies.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jegh.2013.09.001},
   Key = {fds250689}
}

@article{fds290494,
   Author = {Griffith, DM and Jr, NRL and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {A Systematic Review of Weight Loss, Physical Activity, and
             Dietary Interventions Involving African American
             Men},
   Journal = {Journal of Men'S Health},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {A32-A32},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1875-6867},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000334163900102&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290494}
}

@article{fds250678,
   Author = {Chandler, PD and Scott, JB and Drake, BF and Ng, K and Manson, JE and Rifai, N and Chan, AT and Bennett, GG and Hollis, BW and Giovannucci,
             EL and Emmons, KM and Fuchs, CS},
   Title = {Impact of vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory markers
             in African Americans: results of a four-arm, randomized,
             placebo-controlled trial.},
   Journal = {Cancer Prevention Research},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {218-225},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {1940-6207},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-13-0338-T},
   Abstract = {African Americans have a disproportionate burden of
             inflammation-associated chronic diseases such as cancer and
             lower circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D].
             The effect of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation
             on inflammatory markers is uncertain. We conducted a
             randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of
             supplemental oral vitamin D (placebo, 1,000, 2,000, or 4,000
             IU/day of vitamin D3 orally for 3 months) in 328 African
             Americans (median age, 51 years) of public housing
             communities in Boston, MA, who were enrolled over three
             consecutive winter periods (2007-2010). Change from 0 to 3
             months of plasma levels of 25(OH)D, high-sensitivity
             C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and
             soluble TNF-α receptor type 2 (sTNF-R2) in 292 (89%)
             participants were measured. Overall, no statistically
             significant changes in CRP, IL-6, IL-10, and sTNF-R2 were
             observed after the vitamin D supplementation period.
             Baseline CRP was significantly inversely associated with the
             baseline 25(OH)D level (P < 0.001) in unadjusted and
             adjusted models. An interaction between baseline 25(OH)D and
             vitamin D supplementation was observed for outcome change in
             log CRP (month 3-month 0; P for interaction = 0.04). Within
             an unselected population of African Americans, short-term
             exposure to vitamin D supplementation produced no change in
             circulating inflammatory markers. This study confirms the
             strong independent association of CRP with 25(OH)D status
             even after adjusting for body mass index. Future studies of
             longer supplemental vitamin D3 duration are necessary to
             examine the complex influence of vitamin D3 on CRP and other
             chronic inflammatory cytokines for possible reduction of
             cancer health disparities in African Americans.},
   Doi = {10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-13-0338-T},
   Key = {fds250678}
}

@article{fds250681,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Puleo, E and Bennett, GG and Haines, J and Viswanath, K and Gillman, MW and Sprunck-Harrild, K and Coeling, M and Rusinak, D and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Factors associated with choice of web or print intervention
             materials in the healthy directions 2 study.},
   Journal = {Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of
             the Society for Public Health Education},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {52-62},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {1090-1981},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1090198113486803},
   Abstract = {Many U.S. adults have multiple behavioral risk factors, and
             effective, scalable interventions are needed to promote
             population-level health. In the health care setting,
             interventions are often provided in print, although
             accessible to nearly everyone, are brief (e.g., pamphlets),
             are not interactive, and can require some logistics around
             distribution. Web-based interventions offer more
             interactivity but may not be accessible to all. Healthy
             Directions 2 was a primary care-based cluster randomized
             controlled trial designed to improve five behavioral cancer
             risk factors among a diverse sample of adults (n = 2,440) in
             metropolitan Boston. Intervention materials were available
             via print or the web. Purpose. To (a) describe the Healthy
             Directions 2 study design and (b) identify baseline factors
             associated with whether participants opted for print or
             web-based materials.Hierarchical regression models corrected
             for clustering by physician were built to examine factors
             associated with choice of intervention modality.At baseline,
             just 4.0% of participants met all behavioral
             recommendations. Nearly equivalent numbers of intervention
             participants opted for print and web-based materials (44.6%
             vs. 55.4%). Participants choosing web-based materials were
             younger, and reported having a better financial status,
             better perceived health, greater computer comfort, and more
             frequent Internet use (p < .05) than those opting for print.
             In addition, Whites were more likely to pick web-based
             material than Black participants.Interventions addressing
             multiple behaviors are needed in the primary care setting,
             but they should be available in web and print formats as
             nearly equal number of participants chose each option, and
             there are significant differences in the population groups
             using each modality.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1090198113486803},
   Key = {fds250681}
}

@article{fds250680,
   Author = {Camacho-Rivera, M and Kawachi, I and Bennett, GG and Subramanian,
             SV},
   Title = {Perceptions of neighborhood safety and asthma among children
             and adolescents in Los Angeles: a multilevel
             analysis.},
   Journal = {Plos One},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {e87524},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087524},
   Abstract = {Research examining the impact of neighborhoods on asthma has
             shown an increased interest in the role of the psychosocial
             environment. We examined the associations between various
             measures of neighborhood safety, individual and family
             characteristics, and asthma outcomes among children in Los
             Angeles.Multilevel logistic regression models were used to
             analyze data on 3,114 children across 65 neighborhoods from
             Wave 1 of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey
             (2000 to 2002). Primary caregivers reported asthma outcome
             and all individual covariates; home environmental
             characteristics were observed by the interviewer.In fully
             adjusted models, parents who reported their neighborhood
             fairly safe or somewhat dangerous had lower odds of reported
             lifetime asthma compared to those who reported their
             neighborhood completely safe (OR 0.71; 95% CI 0.52-0.96 and
             OR 0.60; 95% CI 0.42-0.88 respectively). Conversely, parents
             who reported they could not trust their neighbors to keep
             their children safe had a nearly 40% increase in lifetime
             asthma compared to those who reported they could trust their
             neighbors to keep their children safe (OR 1.39; 95% CI
             1.07-1.81).The study demonstrates a complex pattern between
             various measures of neighborhood safety and asthma and
             suggests that these relationships may operate differently in
             Los Angeles. As an increasing proportion of children are
             growing up in newer Western and Southwestern cities, which
             have different physical layouts and residential segregation
             patterns compared to Northeast and Midwestern cities, future
             studies should continue to examine neighborhood psychosocial
             stressors and asthma in diverse contexts.},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0087524},
   Key = {fds250680}
}

@article{fds250656,
   Author = {Herring, SJ and Cruice, JF and Bennett, GG and Davey, A and Foster,
             GD},
   Title = {Using Technology to Promote Postpartum Weight Loss in Urban,
             Low-Income Mothers: A Pilot Randomized Controlled
             Trial},
   Journal = {Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {610-615},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1499-4046},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2014.06.002},
   Abstract = {© 2014 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior.
             Objective: To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and
             initial efficacy of a technology-based weight loss
             intervention for urban, low-income mothers. Methods:
             Eighteen obese, ethnic minority, socioeconomically
             disadvantaged mothers in the first year after childbirth
             were randomly assigned to either: 1) technology-based
             intervention, which included empirically supported
             behavior-change strategies, daily skills, and
             self-monitoring text messages with personalized feedback,
             biweekly counseling calls from a health coach, and access to
             a Facebook support group, or 2) usual-care control. Results:
             After 14 weeks of treatment, the technology-based
             intervention participants had significantly greater weight
             loss (-2.9 ± 3.6 kg) than usual care (0.5 ± 2.3 kg;
             adjusted mean difference: -3.2 kg, 95% confidence interval
             -6.2 to -0.1 kg, P = .04). One-third of intervention
             participants (3 of 9) and no control participants lost > 5%
             of their initial body weight at follow up. Conclusions and
             Implications: Results suggest the potential for using
             technology to deliver a postpartum weight loss intervention
             among low-income racial/ethnic minorities.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jneb.2014.06.002},
   Key = {fds250656}
}

@article{fds250663,
   Author = {Camacho-Rivera, M and Kawachi, I and Bennett, GG and Subramanian,
             SV},
   Title = {Associations of neighborhood concentrated poverty,
             neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, and indoor allergen
             exposures: A cross-sectional analysis of Los Angeles
             households, 2006-2008},
   Journal = {Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy
             of Medicine},
   Volume = {91},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {661-676},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1099-3460},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9872-9},
   Abstract = {Although racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and neighborhood
             factors have been linked to asthma, and the association
             between indoor allergens and asthma is well documented, few
             studies have examined the relationship between these factors
             and indoor allergens. We examined the frequency of reported
             indoor allergens and differences by racial/ethnic,
             socioeconomic, and neighborhood characteristics among a
             diverse sample of Los Angeles households. Multilevel
             logistic regression models were used to analyze the data
             from 723 households from wave 2 of the Los Angeles Family
             and Neighborhood Survey. The reported presence of rats,
             mice, cockroaches, mold, pets, and tobacco smoke were the
             primary outcomes of interest. Hispanic and Asian households
             had a nearly threefold increase in the odds of reporting
             cockroaches compared to non-Hispanic Whites (OR, 2.85; 95 %
             CI 1.38-5.88 and OR, 2.62; 95 % CI 1.02-6.73, respectively)
             even after adjusting for socioeconomic factors. Primary
             caregivers who had obtained a high school degree were
             significantly less likely to report the presence of mice and
             cockroaches compared to primary caregivers with less than a
             high school degree (OR, 0.19; 95 % CI 0.08-0.46 and OR,
             0.39; 95 % CI 0.23-0.68, respectively). Primary caregivers
             with more than a high school degree were also less likely to
             report the presence of rats, mice, and cockroaches within
             their households, compared to those with less than a high
             school degree. Compared to renters, home owners were less
             likely to report the presence of mice, cockroaches, and mold
             within their households. At the neighborhood level,
             households located within neighborhoods of high concentrated
             poverty (where the average poverty rate is at least 50 %)
             were more likely to report the presence of mice and
             cockroaches compared to households in low concentrated
             poverty neighborhoods (average poverty rate is 10 % or
             less), after adjusting for individual race/ethnicity and
             socioeconomic characteristics. Our study found evidence in
             support of neighborhood-level racial/ethnic and
             socioeconomic influences on indoor allergen exposure, above
             and beyond individual factors. Future studies should
             continue to explore individual and neighborhood-level
             racial/ethnic and socioeconomic differences in household
             allergen exposures across diverse contexts. © 2014 The New
             York Academy of Medicine.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11524-014-9872-9},
   Key = {fds250663}
}

@article{fds250670,
   Author = {Harley, AE and Rice, J and Walker, R and Strath, SJ and Quintiliani, LM and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Physically active, low-income African American women: an
             exploration of activity maintenance in the context of
             sociodemographic factors associated with
             inactivity.},
   Journal = {Women & Health},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {354-372},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0363-0242},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2014.896440},
   Abstract = {Increasing physical activity among low-income African
             American women is an important target for addressing racial
             and economic disparities in chronic conditions and related
             risk factors. While barriers to physical activity for women
             have been examined empirically, successful strategies for
             navigating those barriers among physically active,
             low-income women have not been thoroughly explored. Informed
             by grounded theory, we conducted in-depth individual
             interviews between 2007-2010 with 14 low-income African
             American women who were physically active at nationally
             recommended levels for one year or more. We analyzed the
             data using thematic analysis techniques. Key themes emerged
             in three main categories: motivation for maintaining active
             lifestyle, strategies for maintaining physical activity, and
             challenges to maintaining physical activity. Important
             motivations included getting or staying healthy, social
             connections, and gratification. Two planning strategies
             emerged: flexibility and freedom. Critical challenges
             included financial constraints, physical strain and history
             of sedentary relapse. The motivations, strategies and
             challenges reported by low-income African American women who
             successfully maintained an active lifestyle provided
             important information for developing effective health
             promotion strategies for their inactive and underactive
             counterparts. A qualitative, asset-based approach to
             physical activity research contributes rich data to bridge
             the gap between epidemiological knowledge and community
             health improvement.},
   Doi = {10.1080/03630242.2014.896440},
   Key = {fds250670}
}

@article{fds250671,
   Author = {Lin, PH and Wang, Y and Levine, E and Askew, S and Lin, S and Chang, C and Sun, J and Foley, P and Wang, H and Li, X and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {A text messaging-assisted randomized lifestyle weight loss
             clinical trial among overweight adults in
             Beijing},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {E29-E37},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.20686},
   Abstract = {Objective The impact of a text messaging-assisted lifestyle
             weight loss intervention on weight change among overweight
             adults in Beijing was examined. Methods It was a 6-month
             randomized two arm clinical trial. The control group
             received a brief advice session after randomization. The
             intervention group received three group sessions, five
             coaching calls, and a daily text message prompting
             participants to follow predetermined lifestyle goals.
             Results A total of 123 participants were randomized. At 6
             months, controls gained 0.24 ± 0.28 kg (0.21% ± 0.38%)
             (NS) while intervention participants lost 1.6 ± 0.28 kg
             (2.31% ± 0.38%) (p < 0.0001). Intervention participants
             decreased waist circumference (WC) (-2.69 ± 0.43 cm, p <
             0.0001), percent body fat (%BF) (-0.66% ± 0.19%, p =
             0.0007), and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)
             significantly (-1.71 ± 1.12/-3.24 ± 0.87 mmHg), while the
             controls had no change in WC and %BF and increased SBP/DBP
             by 2.43 ± 1.14/1.20 ± 0.88 mmHg (between groups: p =
             0.01/p = 0.0004). Conclusions This text message-assisted
             lifestyle intervention was effective in reducing weight, WC,
             %BF, and improving BP. Coupled with the scalable feature of
             the intervention, this finding is intriguing in light of the
             potential reach of the intervention for countries like China
             where mobile phone penetration is high and the obesity rate
             continues to rise. Copyright © 2013 The Obesity
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.20686},
   Key = {fds250671}
}

@article{fds250677,
   Author = {Proeschold-Bell, RJ and Swift, R and Moore, HE and Bennett, G and Li,
             XF and Blouin, R and Williams, VP and Williams, RB and Toole,
             D},
   Title = {Corrigendum to Use of a randomized multiple baseline design:
             Rationale and design of the Spirited Life holistic health
             intervention study [Contemp Clin Trials 35 (2013)
             138-152]},
   Journal = {Contemporary Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {165},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1551-7144},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2013.09.013},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2013.09.013},
   Key = {fds250677}
}

@article{fds250686,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Tate, DF and Bennett, GG and Ennett, S and Samuel-Hodge, C and Ward, DS},
   Title = {Daily self-weighing and adverse psychological outcomes: a
             randomized controlled trial.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {24-29},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1873-2607},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24355668},
   Abstract = {Despite evidence that daily self-weighing is an effective
             strategy for weight control, concerns remain regarding the
             potential for negative psychological consequences.The goal
             of the study was to examine the impact of a daily
             self-weighing weight-loss intervention on relevant
             psychological constructs.A 6-month RCT.The study sample
             (N=91) included overweight men and women in the Chapel Hill
             NC area.Between February and August 2011, participants were
             randomly assigned to a daily self-weighing intervention or
             delayed-intervention control group. The 6-month intervention
             included daily self-weighing for self-regulation of diet and
             exercise behaviors using an e-scale that transmitted weights
             to a study website. Weekly e-mailed lessons and tailored
             feedback on daily self-weighing adherence and weight-loss
             progress were provided.Self-weighing frequency was measured
             throughout the study using e-scales. Weight was measured
             in-clinic at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Psychological
             outcomes were assessed via self-report at the same time
             points.In 2012, using linear mixed models and generalized
             estimating equation models, there were no significant
             differences between groups in depressive symptoms, anorectic
             cognitions, disinhibition, susceptibility to hunger, and
             binge eating. At 6 months, there was a significant group X
             time interaction for body dissatisfaction (p=0.007) and
             dietary restraint (p<0.001), with the intervention group
             reporting lower body dissatisfaction and greater dietary
             restraint compared to controls.Results indicate that a
             weight-loss intervention that focuses on daily self-weighing
             does not cause adverse psychological outcomes. This suggests
             that daily self-weighing is an effective and safe
             weight-control strategy among overweight adults attempting
             to lose weight.This study is registered at
             clinicaltrials.gov NCT01369004.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2013.08.006},
   Key = {fds250686}
}

@article{fds250688,
   Author = {Proeschold-Bell, RJ and Swift, R and Moore, HE and Bennett, G and Li,
             X-F and Blouin, R and Williams, VP and Williams, RB and Toole,
             D},
   Title = {Corrigendum to “Use of a randomized multiple baseline
             design: Rationale and design of the Spirited Life holistic
             health intervention study” [Contemp Clin Trials 35 (2013)
             138–152]},
   Journal = {Contemporary Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {165-165},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1551-7144},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2013.09.013},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2013.09.013},
   Key = {fds250688}
}

@article{fds221852,
   Author = {Bennett GG and Steinberg DM and Stoute C and Lanpher M and Lane I and Askew
             S, Foley PB and Baskin ML},
   Title = {Electronic health (eHealth) interventions for weight
             management among racial/ethnic minority adults: a systematic
             review},
   Journal = {Obesity Reviews},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {December},
   Key = {fds221852}
}

@article{fds221831,
   Author = {K Ng and JB Scott and BF Drake and AT Chan and BW Hollis and PD Chandler and GG Bennett and EL Giovannucci and E Gonzalez-Suarez and JA
             Meyerhardt, KM Emmons and CS Fuchs},
   Title = {Dose response to vitamin D supplementation in African
             Americans: results of a 4-arm, randomized,
             placebo-controlled trial.},
   Journal = {The American journal of clinical nutrition},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1938-3207},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.067777},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Association studies have suggested that lower
             circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in African
             Americans may partially underlie higher rates of
             cardiovascular disease and cancer in this population.
             Nonetheless, the relation between vitamin D supplementation
             and 25(OH)D concentrations in African Americans remains
             undefined. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine
             the dose-response relation between vitamin D and plasma
             25(OH)D. METHODS: A total of 328 African Americans in
             Boston, MA, were enrolled over 3 winters from 2007 to 2010
             and randomly assigned to receive a placebo or 1000, 2000, or
             4000 IU vitamin D3/d for 3 mo. Subjects completed
             sociodemographic and dietary questionnaires, and plasma
             samples were drawn at baseline and 3 and 6 mo. RESULTS:
             Median plasma 25(OH)D concentrations at baseline were 15.1,
             16.2, 13.9, and 15.7 ng/mL for subjects randomly assigned to
             receive the placebo or 1000, 2000, or 4000 IU/d,
             respectively (P = 0.63). The median plasma 25(OH)D
             concentration at 3 mo differed significantly between
             supplementation arms at 13.7, 29.7, 34.8, and 45.9 ng/mL,
             respectively (P < 0.001). An estimated 1640 IU vitamin D3/d
             was needed to raise the plasma 25(OH)D concentration to
             ≥20 ng/mL in ≥97.5% of participants, whereas a dose of
             4000 IU/d was needed to achieve concentrations ≥33 ng/mL
             in ≥80% of subjects. No significant hypercalcemia was seen
             in a subset of participants. CONCLUSIONS: Within African
             Americans, an estimated 1640 IU vitamin D3/d was required to
             achieve concentrations of plasma 25(OH)D recommended by the
             Institute of Medicine, whereas 4000 IU/d was needed to reach
             concentrations predicted to reduce cancer and cardiovascular
             disease risk in prospective observational studies. These
             results may be helpful for informing future trials of
             disease prevention. This trial was registered at
             clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00585637.},
   Language = {ENG},
   Doi = {10.3945/ajcn.113.067777},
   Key = {fds221831}
}

@article{fds221833,
   Author = {PD Chandler and JB Scott and BF Drake and K Ng and JE Manson and N Rifai and AT Chan and GG Bennett and BW Hollis and EL Giovannucci and KM Emmons and CS Fuchs},
   Title = {Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Inflammatory Markers
             in African-Americans: Results of a Four-Arm, Randomized,
             Placebo-Controlled Trial.},
   Journal = {Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia,
             Pa.)},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1940-6215},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-13-0338-T},
   Abstract = {HASH(0xd710ad8)},
   Language = {ENG},
   Doi = {10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-13-0338-T},
   Key = {fds221833}
}

@article{fds250687,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Levine, EL and Askew, S and Foley, P and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Daily text messaging for weight control among racial and
             ethnic minority women: randomized controlled pilot
             study.},
   Journal = {Journal of Medical Internet Research},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {e244},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1438-8871},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24246427},
   Keywords = {black women • mHealth • self-monitoring •
             text messaging • weight loss},
   Abstract = {Daily self-monitoring of diet and physical activity
             behaviors is a strong predictor of weight loss success. Text
             messaging holds promise as a viable self-monitoring
             modality, particularly among racial/ethnic minority
             populations.This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of a
             text messaging intervention for weight loss among
             predominantly black women.Fifty obese women were randomized
             to either a 6-month intervention using a fully automated
             system that included daily text messages for self-monitoring
             tailored behavioral goals (eg, 10,000 steps per day, no
             sugary drinks) along with brief feedback and tips (n=26) or
             to an education control arm (n=24). Weight was objectively
             measured at baseline and at 6 months. Adherence was defined
             as the proportion of text messages received in response to
             self-monitoring prompts.The average daily text messaging
             adherence rate was 49% (SD 27.9) with 85% (22/26) texting
             self-monitored behavioral goals 2 or more days per week.
             Approximately 70% (16/23) strongly agreed that daily texting
             was easy and helpful and 76% (16/21) felt the frequency of
             texting was appropriate. At 6 months, the intervention arm
             lost a mean of 1.27 kg (SD 6.51), and the control arm gained
             a mean of 1.14 kg (SD 2.53; mean difference -2.41 kg, 95% CI
             -5.22 to 0.39; P=.09). There was a trend toward greater text
             messaging adherence being associated with greater percent
             weight loss (r=-.36; P=.08), but this did not reach
             statistical significance. There was no significant
             association between goal attainment and text messaging
             adherence and no significant predictors of adherence.Given
             the increasing penetration of mobile devices, text messaging
             may be a useful self-monitoring tool for weight control,
             particularly among populations most in need of
             intervention.Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00939081;
             http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00939081 (Archived by
             WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6KiIIcnk1).},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.2844},
   Key = {fds250687}
}

@article{fds250690,
   Author = {Krieger, N and Waterman, PD and Kosheleva, A and Chen, JT and Smith, KW and Carney, DR and Bennett, GG and Williams, DR and Thornhill, G and Freeman, ER},
   Title = {Racial Discrimination & Cardiovascular Disease Risk: My
             Body My Story Study of 1005 US-Born Black and White
             Community Health Center Participants (US)},
   Journal = {Plos One},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {e77174},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1932-6203},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0077174},
   Abstract = {Objectives:To date, limited and inconsistent evidence exists
             regarding racial discrimination and risk of cardiovascular
             disease (CVD).Methods:Cross-sectional observational study of
             1005 US-born non-Hispanic black (n = 504) and white (n =
             501) participants age 35-64 randomly selected from community
             health centers in Boston, MA (2008-2010; 82.4% response
             rate), using 3 racial discrimination measures: explicit
             self-report; implicit association test (IAT, a time reaction
             test for self and group as target vs. perpetrator of
             discrimination); and structural (Jim Crow status of state of
             birth, i.e. legal racial discrimination prior
             1964).Results:Black and white participants both had adverse
             cardiovascular and socioeconomic profiles, with black
             participants most highly exposed to racial discrimination.
             Positive crude associations among black participants
             occurred for Jim Crow birthplace and hypertension (odds
             ratio (OR) 1.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.28, 2.89)
             and for explicit self-report and the Framingham 10 year CVD
             risk score (beta = 0.04; 95% CI 0.01, 0.07); among white
             participants, only negative crude associations existed (for
             IAT for self, for lower systolic blood pressure (SBP; beta =
             -4.86; 95% CI -9.08, -0.64) and lower Framingham CVD score
             (beta = -0.36, 95% CI -0.63, -0.08)). All of these
             associations were attenuated and all but the white
             IAT-Framingham risk score association were rendered null in
             analyses that controlled for lifetime socioeconomic position
             and additional covariates. Controlling for racial
             discrimination, socioeconomic position, and other covariates
             did not attenuate the crude black excess risk for SBP and
             hypertension and left unaffected the null excess risk for
             the Framingham CVD score.Conclusion:Despite worse exposures
             among the black participants, racial discrimination and
             socioeconomic position were not associated, in multivariable
             analyses, with risk of CVD. We interpret results in relation
             to constrained variability of exposures and outcomes and
             discuss implications for valid research on social
             determinants of health. © 2013 Krieger et
             al.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0077174},
   Key = {fds250690}
}

@article{fds250693,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Foley, P and Levine, E and Whiteley, J and Askew, S and Steinberg, DM and Batch, B and Greaney, ML and Miranda, H and Wroth, TH and Holder, MG and Emmons, KM and Puleo, E},
   Title = {Behavioral treatment for weight gain prevention among black
             women in primary care practice: a randomized clinical
             trial.},
   Journal = {Jama Internal Medicine},
   Volume = {173},
   Number = {19},
   Pages = {1770-1777},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {2168-6114},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23979005},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Behavior Therapy
             • Body Mass Index • Female • Humans •
             Obesity • Primary Health Care • Risk Reduction
             Behavior • Treatment Outcome • Weight Gain •
             methods* • physiology* • prevention & control*
             • psychology • psychology*},
   Abstract = {Few weight loss treatments produce clinically meaningful
             weight loss outcomes among black women, particularly in the
             primary care setting. New weight management strategies are
             necessary for this population. Weight gain prevention might
             be an effective treatment option, with particular benefits
             for overweight and class 1 obese black women.To compare
             changes in weight and cardiometabolic risk during a 12-month
             period among black women randomized to a primary care-based
             behavioral weight gain prevention intervention, relative to
             usual care.Two-arm randomized clinical trial (the Shape
             Program). We recruited patients from a 6-site community
             health center system. We randomized 194 overweight and class
             1 obese (body mass index [calculated as weight in kilograms
             divided by height in meters squared], 25-34.9) premenopausal
             black women aged 25 to 44 years. Enrollment began on
             December 7, 2009; 12- and 18-month assessments were
             completed in February and October 2, 2012.The
             medium-intensity intervention included tailored behavior
             change goals, weekly self-monitoring via interactive voice
             response, monthly counseling calls, tailored skills training
             materials, and a gym membership.Twelve-month change in
             weight and body mass index and maintenance of change at 18
             months.Participants had a mean age of 35.4 years, a mean
             weight of 81.1 kg, and a mean body mass index of 30.2 at
             baseline. Most were socioeconomically disadvantaged (79.7%
             with educational level less than a college degree; 74.3%
             reporting annual income <$30,000). The 12-month weight
             change was larger among intervention participants (mean
             [SD], -1.0 [0.5] kg), relative to usual care (0.5 [0.5] kg;
             mean difference, -1.4 kg [95% CI, -2.8 to -0.1 kg]; P =
             .04). At month 12, 62% of intervention participants were at
             or below their baseline weights compared with 45% of
             usual-care participants (P = .03). By 18 months,
             intervention participants maintained significantly larger
             changes in weight (mean difference, -1.7 kg; 95% CI, -3.3 to
             -0.2 kg).A medium-intensity primary care-based behavioral
             intervention demonstrated efficacy for weight gain
             prevention among socioeconomically disadvantaged black
             women. A "maintain, don't gain" approach might be a useful
             alternative treatment for reducing obesity-associated
             disease risk among some premenopausal black
             women.clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00938535.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.9263},
   Key = {fds250693}
}

@article{fds250672,
   Author = {Pagoto, S and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {How behavioral science can advance digital
             health},
   Journal = {Translational Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {271-276},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press (OUP)},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1869-6716},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13142-013-0234-z},
   Keywords = {Digital health • Social networks •
             mHealth},
   Abstract = {The field of behavioral science has produced myriad data on
             health behavior change strategies and leveraged such data
             into effective human-delivered interventions to improve
             health. Unfortunately, the impact of traditional health
             behavior change interventions has been heavily constrained
             by patient and provider burden, limited ability to measure
             and intervene upon behavior in real time, variable
             adherence, low rates of implementation, and poor third-party
             coverage. Digital health technologies, including mobile
             phones, sensors, and online social networks, by being
             available in real time, are being explored as tools to
             increase our understanding of health behavior and to enhance
             the impact of behavioral interventions. The recent explosion
             of industry attention to the development of novel health
             technologies is exciting but has far outpaced research. This
             Special Section of Translational Behavioral Medicine,
             Smartphones, Sensors, and Social Networks: A New Age of
             Health Behavior Change features a collection of studies that
             leverage health technologies to measure, change, and/or
             understand health behavior. We propose five key areas in
             which behavioral science can improve the impact of digital
             health technologies on public health. First, research is
             needed to identify which health technologies actually impact
             behavior and health outcomes. Second, we need to understand
             how online social networks can be leveraged to impact health
             behavior on a large scale. Third, a team science approach is
             needed in the developmental process of health technologies.
             Fourth, behavioral scientists should identify how a balance
             can be struck between the fast pace of innovation and the
             much slower pace of research. Fifth, behavioral scientists
             have an integral role in informing the development of health
             technologies and facilitating the movement of health
             technologies into the healthcare system. © 2013 Society of
             Behavioral Medicine.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1007/s13142-013-0234-z},
   Key = {fds250672}
}

@article{fds250694,
   Author = {Proeschold-Bell, RJ and Swift, R and Moore, HE and Bennett, G and Li,
             X-F and Blouin, R and Williams, VP and Williams, RB and Toole,
             D},
   Title = {Use of a randomized multiple baseline design: rationale and
             design of the spirited life holistic health intervention
             study.},
   Journal = {Contemp Clin Trials},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {138-152},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23685205},
   Abstract = {Clergy suffer from high rates of obesity, chronic disease,
             and depression, and simultaneously underestimate the toll
             these take on their daily functioning. Health interventions
             are needed for clergy and may be tailored to their
             occupational context and theological beliefs. Few studies
             have sought to improve clergy health. No prior studies have
             utilized a randomized design. Spirited Life is a randomized,
             multiple baseline study that offered enrollment to nearly
             all United Methodist Church clergy in North Carolina in fall
             2010. A total of 1114 clergy (response rate = 64%) enrolled.
             Using a multiple baseline design, we randomized participants
             to three cohorts. Each cohort began the health intervention
             in one of three consecutive years. The third cohort served
             as a randomized waitlist control cohort, allowing
             comparisons between the first and third cohorts. The
             two-year Spirited Life intervention consists of: 1) a
             theological underpinning for health stewardship based on
             incarnation, grace, and response and delivered during
             workshops; 2) the stress management program Williams
             LifeSkills; 3) Naturally Slim, an online weight loss
             program; 4) phone contact with a Wellness Advocate; and 5)
             $500 small grants for health goals. Metabolic syndrome is
             the primary endpoint. Stress and depressive severity are
             secondary endpoints. We measured each construct before,
             twice during, and at the end of the two-year intervention.
             Study outcomes, to be published after follow-up data are
             gathered, will provide evidence of the effectiveness of the
             combined intervention components of Spirited Life. If
             successful, the intervention may be considered for use with
             other clergy and faith populations.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2013.05.005},
   Key = {fds250694}
}

@article{fds250702,
   Author = {Corsino, L and Lin, P-H and Batch, BC and Intille, S and Grambow, SC and Bosworth, HB and Bennett, GG and Tyson, C and Svetkey, LP and Voils,
             CI},
   Title = {Recruiting young adults into a weight loss trial: report of
             protocol development and recruitment results.},
   Journal = {Contemporary Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {1-7},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {1559-2030},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23591327},
   Keywords = {Adults • Methods • Obesity • Recruitment
             • Trial • Young},
   Abstract = {Obesity has spread to all segments of the U.S. population.
             Young adults, aged 18-35 years, are rarely represented in
             clinical weight loss trials. We conducted a qualitative
             study to identify factors that may facilitate recruitment of
             young adults into a weight loss intervention trial.
             Participants were 33 adults aged 18-35 years with BMI ≥25
             kg/m(2). Six group discussions were conducted using the
             nominal group technique. Health, social image, and "self"
             factors such as emotions, self-esteem, and confidence were
             reported as reasons to pursue weight loss. Physical
             activity, dietary intake, social support, medical
             intervention, and taking control (e.g. being motivated) were
             perceived as the best weight loss strategies. Incentives,
             positive outcomes, education, convenience, and social
             support were endorsed as reasons young adults would consider
             participating in a weight loss study. Incentives,
             advertisement, emphasizing benefits, and convenience were
             endorsed as ways to recruit young adults. These results
             informed the Cellphone Intervention for You (CITY) marketing
             and advertising, including message framing and advertising
             avenues. Implications for recruitment methods are
             discussed.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.cct.2013.04.002},
   Key = {fds250702}
}

@article{fds250697,
   Author = {Glasgow, RE and Askew, S and Purcell, P and Levine, E and Warner, ET and Stange, KC and Colditz, GA and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Use of RE-AIM to Address Health Inequities: Application in a
             low-income community health center based weight loss and
             hypertension self-management program.},
   Journal = {Translational Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {200-210},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1869-6716},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13142-013-0201-8},
   Keywords = {RE-AIM • Weight-loss • health disparities •
             implementation science • low-income • pragmatic
             trial},
   Abstract = {While health inequities are well documented, and there are
             helpful frameworks to understand health disparities,
             implementation frameworks are also needed to focus the
             design, evaluation and reporting on interventions targeting
             populations at increased risk.Describe how the RE-AIM
             framework (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation,
             and Maintenance) can be used for these purposes and
             illustrate its application in the context of a randomized,
             pragmatic weight-loss and hypertension self-management
             intervention.RE-AIM was used to both plan and evaluate the
             Be Fit Be Well program for urban community health center
             patients.The RE-AIM framework helped to focus attention on
             and produce high rates of adoption and reach. Implementation
             rates varied across components. Weight losses were
             statistically significant, but not clinically significant.
             They were robust across a variety of patient
             characteristics, and the program was relatively low cost.
             Individual weight losses and blood pressure reductions were
             maintained throughout the 24-month period, but the program
             was not sustained at any of the three settings.Implementation
             frameworks such as RE-AIM can help design pragmatic
             interventions that focus on both the context for disparities
             reduction and the ultimate goal of public health
             impact.},
   Language = {ENG},
   Doi = {10.1007/s13142-013-0201-8},
   Key = {fds250697}
}

@article{fds221843,
   Author = {ML Greaney and E Puleo and GG Bennett and J Haines and K Viswanath and MW
             Gillman, K Sprunck-Harrild and M Coeling and D Rusinak and KM
             Emmons},
   Title = {Factors Associated With Choice of Web or Print Intervention
             Materials in the Healthy Directions 2 Study.},
   Journal = {Health education & behavior : the official publication of
             the Society for Public Health Education},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {1552-6127},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1090198113486803},
   Keywords = {computer-based health education • health promotion
             • multiple risk behaviors • multiple risk factor
             interventions • print intervention},
   Abstract = {Background. Many U.S. adults have multiple behavioral risk
             factors, and effective, scalable interventions are needed to
             promote population-level health. In the health care setting,
             interventions are often provided in print, although
             accessible to nearly everyone, are brief (e.g., pamphlets),
             are not interactive, and can require some logistics around
             distribution. Web-based interventions offer more
             interactivity but may not be accessible to all. Healthy
             Directions 2 was a primary care-based cluster randomized
             controlled trial designed to improve five behavioral cancer
             risk factors among a diverse sample of adults (n = 2,440) in
             metropolitan Boston. Intervention materials were available
             via print or the web. Purpose. To (a) describe the Healthy
             Directions 2 study design and (b) identify baseline factors
             associated with whether participants opted for print or
             web-based materials. Methods. Hierarchical regression models
             corrected for clustering by physician were built to examine
             factors associated with choice of intervention modality.
             Results. At baseline, just 4.0% of participants met all
             behavioral recommendations. Nearly equivalent numbers of
             intervention participants opted for print and web-based
             materials (44.6% vs. 55.4%). Participants choosing web-based
             materials were younger, and reported having a better
             financial status, better perceived health, greater computer
             comfort, and more frequent Internet use (p < .05) than those
             opting for print. In addition, Whites were more likely to
             pick web-based material than Black participants.
             Conclusions. Interventions addressing multiple behaviors are
             needed in the primary care setting, but they should be
             available in web and print formats as nearly equal number of
             participants chose each option, and there are significant
             differences in the population groups using each
             modality.},
   Language = {ENG},
   Doi = {10.1177/1090198113486803},
   Key = {fds221843}
}

@article{fds221849,
   Author = {JP Forman and JB Scott and K Ng and BF Drake and EG Suarez and DL Hayden and GG Bennett and PD Chandler and BW Hollis and KM Emmons and EL
             Giovannucci, CS Fuchs and AT Chan},
   Title = {Effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure in
             blacks.},
   Journal = {Hypertension},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {779-85},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1524-4563},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.00659},
   Keywords = {Administration, Oral • African Americans* • Blood
             Pressure • Cholecalciferol • Dietary Supplements*
             • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug • Double-Blind
             Method • Follow-Up Studies • Humans •
             Hypertension • Massachusetts • Prevalence •
             Prospective Studies • Treatment Outcome • Vitamins
             • administration & dosage • administration &
             dosage* • drug effects* • drug therapy* •
             epidemiology • ethnology • physiology},
   Abstract = {Blacks have significantly higher rates of hypertension than
             whites, and lower circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D.
             There are few data about the effect of vitamin D3
             (cholecalciferol) supplementation on blood pressure in
             blacks. During 2 winters from 2008 to 2010, 283 blacks
             (median age, 51 years) were randomized into a 4-arm,
             double-blind trial for 3 months of placebo, 1000, 2000, or
             4000 international units of cholecalciferol per day. At
             baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, systolic and diastolic
             pressure and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were measured. The 3-month
             follow-up was completed in 250 (88%) participants. The
             difference in systolic pressure between baseline and 3
             months was +1.7 mm Hg for those receiving placebo, -0.66 mm
             Hg for 1000 U/d, -3.4 mm Hg for 2000 U/d, and -4.0 mm Hg for
             4000 U/d of cholecalciferol (-1.4 mm Hg for each additional
             1000 U/d of cholecalciferol; P=0.04). For each 1-ng/mL
             increase in plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D, there was a
             significant 0.2-mm Hg reduction in systolic pressure
             (P=0.02). There was no effect of cholecalciferol
             supplementation on diastolic pressure (P=0.37). Within an
             unselected population of blacks, 3 months of oral vitamin D3
             supplementation significantly, yet modestly, lowered
             systolic pressure. Future trials of vitamin D
             supplementation on blood pressure are needed to confirm
             these promising results, particularly among blacks, a
             population for whom vitamin D deficiency may play a more
             specific mechanistic role in the pathogenesis of
             hypertension.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.00659},
   Key = {fds221849}
}

@article{fds250701,
   Author = {Forman, JP and Scott, JB and Ng, K and Drake, BF and Suarez, EG and Hayden,
             DL and Bennett, GG and Chandler, PD and Hollis, BW and Emmons, KM and Giovannucci, EL and Fuchs, CS and Chan, AT},
   Title = {Effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure in
             blacks.},
   Journal = {Hypertension},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {779-785},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0194-911X},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000316112800019&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Keywords = {Administration, Oral • African Americans* • Blood
             Pressure • Cholecalciferol • Dietary Supplements*
             • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug • Double-Blind
             Method • Follow-Up Studies • Humans •
             Hypertension • Massachusetts • Prevalence •
             Prospective Studies • Treatment Outcome • Vitamins
             • administration & dosage • administration &
             dosage* • drug effects* • drug therapy* •
             epidemiology • ethnology • physiology},
   Abstract = {Blacks have significantly higher rates of hypertension than
             whites, and lower circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D.
             There are few data about the effect of vitamin D3
             (cholecalciferol) supplementation on blood pressure in
             blacks. During 2 winters from 2008 to 2010, 283 blacks
             (median age, 51 years) were randomized into a 4-arm,
             double-blind trial for 3 months of placebo, 1000, 2000, or
             4000 international units of cholecalciferol per day. At
             baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, systolic and diastolic
             pressure and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were measured. The 3-month
             follow-up was completed in 250 (88%) participants. The
             difference in systolic pressure between baseline and 3
             months was +1.7 mm Hg for those receiving placebo, -0.66 mm
             Hg for 1000 U/d, -3.4 mm Hg for 2000 U/d, and -4.0 mm Hg for
             4000 U/d of cholecalciferol (-1.4 mm Hg for each additional
             1000 U/d of cholecalciferol; P=0.04). For each 1-ng/mL
             increase in plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D, there was a
             significant 0.2-mm Hg reduction in systolic pressure
             (P=0.02). There was no effect of cholecalciferol
             supplementation on diastolic pressure (P=0.37). Within an
             unselected population of blacks, 3 months of oral vitamin D3
             supplementation significantly, yet modestly, lowered
             systolic pressure. Future trials of vitamin D
             supplementation on blood pressure are needed to confirm
             these promising results, particularly among blacks, a
             population for whom vitamin D deficiency may play a more
             specific mechanistic role in the pathogenesis of
             hypertension.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.00659},
   Key = {fds250701}
}

@article{fds250699,
   Author = {Warner, ET and Glasgow, RE and Emmons, KM and Bennett, GG and Askew, S and Rosner, B and Colditz, GA},
   Title = {Recruitment and retention of participants in a pragmatic
             randomized intervention trial at three community health
             clinics: results and lessons learned.},
   Journal = {Bmc Public Health},
   Volume = {13},
   Pages = {192},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1471-2458},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000317123500002&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Keywords = {African Americans • Aged • Boston • Community
             Health Centers • Female • Follow-Up Studies •
             Hispanic Americans • Humans • Hypertension •
             Male • Middle Aged • Obesity • Patient
             Participation • Patient Selection* • Poverty
             • Program Evaluation • Time Factors • Weight
             Reduction Programs • ethnology • organization &
             administration* • prevention & control* •
             statistics & numerical data • statistics & numerical
             data* • utilization*},
   Abstract = {Obesity and hypertension and their associated health
             complications disproportionately affect communities of color
             and people of lower socioeconomic status. Recruitment and
             retention of these populations in research trials, and
             retention in weight loss trials has been an ongoing
             challenge.Be Fit, Be Well was a pragmatic randomized weight
             loss and hypertension management trial of patients attending
             one of three community health centers in Boston,
             Massachusetts. Participants were asked to complete follow-up
             assessments every 6-months for two years. We describe
             challenges encountered and strategies implemented to recruit
             and retain trial participants over the 24-month
             intervention. We also identify baseline participant
             characteristics associated with retention status. Retention
             strategies included financial incentives, contact between
             assessment visits, building relationships with health center
             primary care providers (PCPs) and staff, and putting
             participant convenience first.Active refusal rates were low
             with 130 of 2,631 patients refusing participation (4.9%). Of
             474 eligible persons completing telephone screening, 365
             (77.0%) completed their baseline visit and were randomized
             into the study. The study population was predominantly
             non-Hispanic Black (71.2%), female (68.5%) and reported
             annual household income of less than $35,000 (70.1%).
             Recruitment strategies included use of passive approval of
             potential participants by PCPs, use of part-time staff, and
             outsourcing calls to a call center. A total of 314 (86.0%)
             people completed the 24-month visit. Retention levels varied
             across study visits and intervention condition. Most
             participants completed three or more visits (69.6%), with
             205 (56.2%) completing all four. At 24-months, lower
             retention was observed for males and the intervention
             condition. Retention strategies included building strong
             relationships with clinic staff, flexibility in overcoming
             participant barriers through use of taxi vouchers, night and
             weekend appointments, and keeping participants engaged via
             newsletters and social gatherings.We were able to retain
             86.0% of participants at 24-months. Recruitment and
             retention of high percentages of racial/ethnic minorities
             and lower income samples is possible with planning,
             coordination with a trusted community setting and staff
             (e.g. community health centers and RAs), adaptability and
             building strong relationships.Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier:
             NCT00661817.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1471-2458-13-192},
   Key = {fds250699}
}

@article{fds250698,
   Author = {Napolitano, MA and Hayes, S and Bennett, GG and Ives, AK and Foster,
             GD},
   Title = {Using facebook and text messaging to deliver a weight loss
             program to college students},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {21},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {25-31},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.20232},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Counseling • Female
             • Humans • Male • Obesity • Patient
             Satisfaction • Social Media* • Students •
             Text Messaging* • Treatment Outcome • Universities
             • Weight Loss* • Weight Reduction Programs •
             Young Adult • methods* • therapy*},
   Abstract = {Objective: Between 31 and 35% of the college-aged population
             is overweight or obese, yet few weight loss trials for this
             population have been conducted. This study examined the
             feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a
             technology-based 8-week weight loss intervention among
             college students. Design and Methods: Students (N = 52) were
             randomly assigned to one of the three arms: Facebook (n =
             17); Facebook Plus text messaging and personalized feedback
             (n = 18); Waiting List control (n = 17), with assessments at
             4 weeks and 8 weeks (post-treatment). Participants were
             20.47 ± 2.19 years old, 86.45 ± 17.11 kg, with a body mass
             index of 31.36 ± 5.3 kg/m2. Participants were primarily
             female (86.5%), and the sample was racially diverse (57.7%
             Caucasian, 30.8% African American, 5.8% Hispanic, and 5.7%
             other races). Results: The primary outcome was weight loss
             after 8 weeks (post-treatment); 96.0% of the participants
             completed this assessment. At 8 weeks, the Facebook Plus
             group had significantly greater weight loss (-2.4 ± 2.5 kg)
             than the Facebook (-0.63 ± 2.4 kg) and Waiting List (-0.24
             ± 2.6 kg) (both Ps &lt; 0.05). Weight change at 8 weeks was
             not significantly different between the Facebook and Waiting
             List groups. Conclusions: Results show preliminary efficacy
             and acceptability of the two active intervention arms (97.0%
             found the program helpful, 81.3% found the videos/handouts
             helpful, and 100% would recommend the program to others).
             Results indicate the potential for an innovative weight loss
             intervention that uses technology platforms (Facebook and
             text messaging) that are frequently used and already
             integrated into the cultural life of college
             students.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.20232},
   Key = {fds250698}
}

@article{fds250727,
   Author = {Napolitano, MA and Hayes, S and Bennett, GG and Ives, AK and Foster,
             GD},
   Title = {Using Facebook and text messaging to deliver a weight loss
             program to college students.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {21},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {25-31},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.20232},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • African Continental Ancestry Group •
             Asian Americans • Body Mass Index • Boston •
             Continental Population Groups • Environment Design
             • European Continental Ancestry Group • Female
             • Hispanic Americans • Humans • Least-Squares
             Analysis • Male • Regression Analysis •
             Residence Characteristics • Urban Population •
             epidemiology • statistics & numerical data •
             statistics & numerical data*},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: Between 31 and 35% of the college-aged population
             is overweight or obese, yet few weight loss trials for this
             population have been conducted. This study examined the
             feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a
             technology-based 8-week weight loss intervention among
             college students. DESIGN AND METHODS: Students (N = 52) were
             randomly assigned to one of the three arms: Facebook (n =
             17); Facebook Plus text messaging and personalized feedback
             (n = 18); Waiting List control (n = 17), with assessments at
             4 weeks and 8 weeks (post-treatment). Participants were
             20.47 ± 2.19 years old, 86.45 ± 17.11 kg, with a body mass
             index of 31.36 ± 5.3 kg/m(2) . Participants were primarily
             female (86.5%), and the sample was racially diverse (57.7%
             Caucasian, 30.8% African American, 5.8% Hispanic, and 5.7%
             other races). RESULTS: The primary outcome was weight loss
             after 8 weeks (post-treatment); 96.0% of the participants
             completed this assessment. At 8 weeks, the Facebook Plus
             group had significantly greater weight loss (-2.4 ± 2.5 kg)
             than the Facebook (-0.63 ± 2.4 kg) and Waiting List (-0.24
             ± 2.6 kg) (both Ps < 0.05). Weight change at 8 weeks was
             not significantly different between the Facebook and Waiting
             List groups. CONCLUSIONS: Results show preliminary efficacy
             and acceptability of the two active intervention arms (97.0%
             found the program helpful, 81.3% found the videos/handouts
             helpful, and 100% would recommend the program to others).
             Results indicate the potential for an innovative weight loss
             intervention that uses technology platforms (Facebook and
             text messaging) that are frequently used and already
             integrated into the cultural life of college
             students.},
   Language = {ENG},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.20232},
   Key = {fds250727}
}

@article{fds250692,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Steinberg, DM and Lanpher, MG and Askew, S and Lane, IB and Levine, EL and Goodman, MS and Foley, PB},
   Title = {Availability of and ease of access to calorie information on
             restaurant websites.},
   Journal = {Plos One},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {e72009},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23977193},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: Offering calories on restaurant websites might be
             particularly important for consumer meal planning, but the
             availability of and ease of accessing this information are
             unknown. METHODS: We assessed websites for the top 100 U.S.
             chain restaurants to determine the availability of and ease
             of access to calorie information as well as website design
             characteristics. We also examined potential predictors of
             calorie availability and ease of access. RESULTS: Eighty-two
             percent of restaurants provided calorie information on their
             websites; 25% presented calories on a mobile-formatted
             website. On average, calories could be accessed in
             2.35±0.99 clicks. About half of sites (51.2%) linked to
             calorie information via the homepage. Fewer than half had a
             separate section identifying healthful options (46.3%), or
             utilized interactive meal planning tools (35.4%). Quick
             service/fast casual, larger restaurants, and those with less
             expensive entrées and lower revenue were more likely to
             make calorie information available. There were no predictors
             of ease of access. CONCLUSION: Calorie information is both
             available and largely accessible on the websites of
             America's leading restaurants. It is unclear whether
             consumer behavior is affected by the variability in the
             presentation of calorie information.},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0072009},
   Key = {fds250692}
}

@article{fds250695,
   Author = {Ritzwoller, DP and Glasgow, RE and Sukhanova, AY and Bennett, GG and Warner, ET and Greaney, ML and Askew, S and Goldman, J and Emmons, KM and Colditz, GA},
   Title = {Economic Analyses of the Be Fit Be Well Program: A Weight
             Loss Program for Community Health Centers},
   Journal = {Journal of General Internal Medicine},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {1-8},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {0884-8734},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-013-2492-3},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has
             released new guidelines on obesity, urging primary care
             physicians to provide obese patients with intensive,
             multi-component behavioral interventions. However, there are
             few studies of weight loss in real world nonacademic primary
             care, and even fewer in largely racial/ethnic minority,
             low-income samples. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the recruitment,
             intervention and replications costs of a 2-year, moderate
             intensity weight loss and blood pressure control
             intervention. DESIGN: A comprehensive cost analysis was
             conducted, associated with a weight loss and hypertension
             management program delivered in three community health
             centers as part of a pragmatic randomized trial.
             PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and sixty-five high risk,
             low-income, inner city, minority (71 % were Black/African
             American and 13 % were Hispanic) patients who were both
             hypertensive and obese. MAIN MEASURES: Measures included
             total recruitment costs and intervention costs, cost per
             participant, and incremental costs per unit reduction in
             weight and blood pressure. KEY RESULTS: Recruitment and
             intervention costs were estimated $2,359 per participant for
             the 2-year program. Compared to the control intervention,
             the cost per additional kilogram lost was $2,204 /kg, and
             for blood pressure, $621 /mmHg. Sensitivity analyses suggest
             that if the program was offered to a larger sample and minor
             modifications were made, the cost per participant could be
             reduced to the levels of many commercially available
             products. CONCLUSIONS: The costs associated with the Be Fit
             Be Well program were found to be significantly more
             expensive than many commercially available products, and
             much higher than the amount that the Centers for Medicare
             and Medicaid reimburse physicians for obesity counseling.
             However, given the serious and costly health consequences
             associated with obesity in high risk, multimorbid and
             socioeconomically disadvantaged patients, the resources
             needed to provide interventions like those described here
             may still prove to be cost-effective with respect to
             producing long-term behavior change. © 2013 Society of
             General Internal Medicine.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11606-013-2492-3},
   Key = {fds250695}
}

@article{fds250696,
   Author = {Whitt-Glover, MC and Bennett, G and Sallis, JF},
   Title = {Introduction to the active living research supplement:
             Disparities in environments and policies that support active
             living},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {45},
   Number = {SUPPL.1},
   Pages = {S1-S5},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-012-9456-4},
   Doi = {10.1007/s12160-012-9456-4},
   Key = {fds250696}
}

@article{fds250703,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Tate, DF and Bennett, GG and Ennett, S and Samuel-Hodge, C and Ward, DS},
   Title = {The efficacy of a daily self-weighing weight loss
             intervention using smart scales and e-mail},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {21},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1789-1797},
   Year = {2013},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23512320},
   Abstract = {Objective To examine the impact of a weight loss
             intervention that focused on daily self-weighing for
             self-monitoring as compared to a delayed control group among
             91 overweight adults. Design and Methods The 6-month
             intervention included a cellular-connected "smart" scale for
             daily weighing, web-based weight loss graph, and weekly
             e-mails with tailored feedback and lessons. An objective
             measure of self-weighing frequency was obtained. Weight was
             measured in clinic at 3 and 6 months. Caloric intake and
             expenditure, and perceptions of daily self-weighing were
             also measured. Results Using intent-to-treat analyses, the
             intervention group lost significantly more weight compared
             to the control group [mean (95% CI); 3 months: -4.41% (-5.5,
             -3.3) vs. -0.37% (-1.5, 0.76); 6 months: -6.55% (-7.7, -5.4)
             vs. -0.35% (-1.5, 0.79); group × time interaction: P &lt;
             0.001] and a greater percentage achieved 5% (42.6% vs. 6.8%;
             P &lt; 0.0001) and 10% (27.7% vs. 0%; P &lt; 0.0001) weight
             loss. On average, the intervention group self-weighed more
             days/week (6.1 ± 1.1 vs. 1.1 ± 1.5; P &lt; 0.0001) and
             consumed fewer calories/day compared to the control group
             [mean (95% CI); 6 months: 1,509 (1,291, 1,728) vs. 1,856
             (1,637, 2,074); group × time interaction: P = 0.006]. Among
             intervention participants, daily self-weighing was perceived
             positively. Conclusions These results indicate that an
             intervention focusing on daily self-weighing can produce
             clinically significant weight loss. Copyright © 2013 The
             Obesity Society.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1002/oby.20396},
   Key = {fds250703}
}

@article{fds250721,
   Author = {Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Connecting eHealth with 2-1-1 to reduce health
             disparities.},
   Journal = {Am J Prev Med},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {6 Suppl 5},
   Pages = {S509-S511},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1873-2607},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23157773},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2012.09.022},
   Key = {fds250721}
}

@article{fds250723,
   Author = {Lewis, KH and Gillman, MW and Greaney, ML and Puleo, E and Bennett, GG and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Relationships between social resources and healthful
             behaviors across the age spectrum},
   Journal = {Journal of Aging Research},
   Volume = {2012},
   Pages = {1-8},
   Publisher = {Hindawi Limited},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {2090-2204},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/501072},
   Abstract = {Background. We examined cross-sectional relationships of
             social resources with health behaviors in adults ages 1893
             years. Methods. Baseline data from a 2009 risk behavior
             intervention trial were used to measure social resources,
             physical activity, and fruit and vegetable intake in 2,440
             adults. To evaluate associations overall and within 4 age
             groups (1834, 3549, 5064, and 6593 y), we used multivariable
             regression. Results. Mean (SD) age was 49.4 (15) years,
             physical activity was 346 (304) minutes/week, and fruit and
             vegetable intake was 3.4 (2.4) servings/day. Mean social
             resource score was 1.2 (04 scale) in 1834 year olds, 1.1 in
             all other age groups (P = 0.04). In multivariable models,
             for each one-point increment in social resource score, the
             odds ratio for getting 150959 minutes of physical
             activity/wk (compared to 150 min/wk) was 3.7 (95 CI 3.04.6).
             Each one-point increment in score was also associated with
             29 (95 CI: 2335) more servings of fruit and vegetables. We
             did not observe effect modification by age group.
             Conclusions. Although younger adults reported slightly
             higher resources than older adults, the magnitude of
             association between social resources and healthful behaviors
             did not differ between them. © 2012 Kristina H. Lewis et
             al.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1155/2012/501072},
   Key = {fds250723}
}

@article{fds250724,
   Author = {Slopen, N and Dutra, LM and Williams, DR and Mujahid, MS and Lewis, TT and Bennett, GG and Ryff, CD and Albert, MA},
   Title = {Psychosocial stressors and cigarette smoking among African
             American adults in midlife.},
   Journal = {Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the
             Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {1161-1169},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1462-2203},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nts011},
   Keywords = {Actigraphy • Adult • Body Mass Index •
             Exercise* • Female • Humans • Male •
             Middle Aged • Obesity • Questionnaires •
             Reproducibility of Results • Self Report • United
             States • Young Adult • epidemiology •
             physiopathology • standards • standards*},
   Abstract = {INTRODUCTION:Psychosocial stress is a significant risk
             factor for smoking, and Blacks experience higher levels of
             psychosocial stress relative to other racial/ethnic groups.
             Limited research has comprehensively examined psychosocial
             stressors in relation to smoking among Blacks. METHODS:We
             examined psychosocial stressors in relation to smoking
             status (current, previous, and never) in middle-aged Blacks
             (34-85 years, n = 592) from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, a subset
             of the Midlife in the United States Study II (2004-2006).
             Eleven stressor domains were assessed, including
             psychological and physical work stress, work-family
             conflict, perceived inequality, relationship stress,
             neighborhood stress, discrimination, financial stress,
             recent problems, stressful events, and childhood adversity.
             We also calculated a cumulative score. Multinomial models
             were adjusted for age, gender, education, and income.
             RESULTS:Seven of the 11 stressors and the cumulative score
             were associated with higher odds of being a current smoker
             compared with a never-smoker: neighborhood, financial,
             relationship, and psychological work stress, perceived
             inequality, stressful events, childhood adversity (p values
             <.05; ORs ranged from 1.28 to 1.77). Three stressors and the
             cumulative score were associated with higher odds of being a
             previous smoker versus a never-smoker (p < .05). Individuals
             who scored in the top quartile on 5 or more stressors were
             3.74 (95% CI = 2.09-6.71) times as likely to be current
             smokers, and more than twice as likely to be previous
             smokers, compared with individuals with no high stressors.
             CONCLUSIONS:These results demonstrate a strong relationship
             between stress and smoking among urban middle-aged Blacks
             and suggest that cessation programs should address
             modifiable individual and community-level
             stressors.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1093/ntr/nts011},
   Key = {fds250724}
}

@article{fds250722,
   Author = {Foley, P and Levine, E and Askew, S and Puleo, E and Whiteley, J and Batch,
             B and Heil, D and Dix, D and Lett, V and Lanpher, M and Miller, J and Emmons,
             K and Bennett, G},
   Title = {Weight gain prevention among black women in the rural
             community health center setting: the Shape
             Program.},
   Journal = {Bmc Public Health},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {305},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1471-2458},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-305},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans* • Community Health
             Centers* • Female • Humans • Overweight
             • Primary Health Care • Rural Population* •
             United States • Young Adult • prevention &
             control*},
   Abstract = {Nearly 60% of black women are obese. Despite their increased
             risk of obesity and associated chronic diseases, black women
             have been underrepresented in clinical trials of weight loss
             interventions, particularly those conducted in the primary
             care setting. Further, existing obesity treatments are less
             effective for this population. The promotion of weight
             maintenance can be achieved at lower treatment intensity
             than can weight loss and holds promise in reducing
             obesity-associated chronic disease risk. Weight gain
             prevention may also be more consistent with the
             obesity-related sociocultural perspectives of black women
             than are traditional weight loss approaches.We conducted an
             18-month randomized controlled trial (the Shape Program) of
             a weight gain prevention intervention for overweight black
             female patients in the primary care setting. Participants
             include 194 premenopausal black women aged 25 to 44 years
             with a BMI of 25-34.9 kg/m2. Participants were randomized
             either to usual care or to a 12-month intervention that
             consisted of: tailored obesogenic behavior change goals,
             self-monitoring via interactive voice response phone calls,
             tailored skills training materials, 12 counseling calls with
             a registered dietitian and a 12-month YMCA
             membership.Participants are followed over 18 months, with
             study visits at baseline, 6-, 12- and 18-months.
             Anthropometric data, blood pressure, fasting lipids, fasting
             glucose, and self-administered surveys are collected at each
             visit. Accelerometer data is collected at baseline and
             12-months.At baseline, participants were an average of
             35.4 years old with a mean body mass index of
             30.2 kg/m2. Participants were mostly employed and
             low-income. Almost half of the sample reported a diagnosis
             of hypertension or prehypertension and 12% reported a
             diagnosis of diabetes or prediabetes. Almost one-third of
             participants smoked and over 20% scored above the clinical
             threshold for depression.The Shape Program utilizes an
             innovative intervention approach to lower the risk of
             obesity and obesity-associated chronic disease among black
             women in the primary care setting. The intervention was
             informed by behavior change theory and aims to prevent
             weight gain using inexpensive mobile technologies and
             existing health center resources. Baseline characteristics
             reflect a socioeconomically disadvantaged, high-risk
             population sample in need of evidence-based treatment
             strategies.The trial is registered with clinicaltrials.gov
             NCT00938535.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1471-2458-12-305},
   Key = {fds250722}
}

@article{fds250730,
   Author = {Belsky, DW and Moffitt, TE and Houts, R and Bennett, GG and Biddle, AK and Blumenthal, JA and Evans, JP and Harrington, H and Sugden, K and Williams, B and Poulton, R and Caspi, A},
   Title = {Polygenic risk, rapid childhood growth, and the development
             of obesity: evidence from a 4-decade longitudinal
             study.},
   Journal = {Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine},
   Volume = {166},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {515-521},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1538-3628},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22665028},
   Keywords = {Adiposity • Adolescent • Adult • Body Mass
             Index • Child • Female • Genetic
             Predisposition to Disease* • Genetic Variation •
             Genome-Wide Association Study • Growth • Humans
             • Longitudinal Studies • Male •
             Multifactorial Inheritance* • New Zealand •
             Obesity • Prospective Studies • Risk Factors
             • Weight Gain • Young Adult • genetics •
             genetics*},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: To test how genomic loci identified in
             genome-wide association studies influence the development of
             obesity. DESIGN: A 38-year prospective longitudinal study of
             a representative birth cohort. SETTING: The Dunedin
             Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study, Dunedin, New
             Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand thirty-seven male and
             female study members. MAIN EXPOSURES: We assessed genetic
             risk with a multilocus genetic risk score. The genetic risk
             score was composed of single-nucleotide polymorphisms
             identified in genome-wide association studies of
             obesity-related phenotypes. We assessed family history from
             parent body mass index data collected when study members
             were 11 years of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body mass index
             growth curves, developmental phenotypes of obesity, and
             adult obesity outcomes were defined from anthropometric
             assessments at birth and at 12 subsequent in-person
             interviews through 38 years of age. RESULTS: Individuals
             with higher genetic risk scores were more likely to be
             chronically obese in adulthood. Genetic risk first
             manifested as rapid growth during early childhood. Genetic
             risk was unrelated to birth weight. After birth, children at
             higher genetic risk gained weight more rapidly and reached
             adiposity rebound earlier and at a higher body mass index.
             In turn, these developmental phenotypes predicted adult
             obesity, mediating about half the genetic effect on adult
             obesity risk. Genetic associations with growth and obesity
             risk were independent of family history, indicating that the
             genetic risk score could provide novel information to
             clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variation linked with
             obesity risk operates, in part, through accelerating growth
             in the early childhood years after birth. Etiological
             research and prevention strategies should target early
             childhood to address the obesity epidemic.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.131},
   Key = {fds250730}
}

@article{fds250728,
   Author = {Duncan, DT and Castro, MC and Gortmaker, SL and Aldstadt, J and Melly,
             SJ and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Racial differences in the built environment--body mass index
             relationship? A geospatial analysis of adolescents in urban
             neighborhoods.},
   Journal = {International Journal of Health Geographics},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {11},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1476-072X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-11-11},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • African Continental Ancestry Group •
             Asian Americans • Body Mass Index • Boston •
             Continental Population Groups • Environment Design
             • European Continental Ancestry Group • Female
             • Hispanic Americans • Humans • Least-Squares
             Analysis • Male • Regression Analysis •
             Residence Characteristics • Urban Population •
             epidemiology • statistics & numerical data •
             statistics & numerical data*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND:Built environment features of neighborhoods may
             be related to obesity among adolescents and potentially
             related to obesity-related health disparities. The purpose
             of this study was to investigate spatial relationships
             between various built environment features and body mass
             index (BMI) z-score among adolescents, and to investigate if
             race/ethnicity modifies these relationships. A secondary
             objective was to evaluate the sensitivity of findings to the
             spatial scale of analysis (i.e. 400- and 800-meter street
             network buffers). METHODS:Data come from the 2008 Boston
             Youth Survey, a school-based sample of public high school
             students in Boston, MA. Analyses include data collected from
             students who had georeferenced residential information and
             complete and valid data to compute BMI z-score (n = 1,034).
             We built a spatial database using GIS with various features
             related to access to walking destinations and to community
             design. Spatial autocorrelation in key study variables was
             calculated with the Global Moran's I statistic. We fit
             conventional ordinary least squares (OLS) regression and
             spatial simultaneous autoregressive error models that
             control for the spatial autocorrelation in the data as
             appropriate. Models were conducted using the total sample of
             adolescents as well as including an interaction term for
             race/ethnicity, adjusting for several potential individual-
             and neighborhood-level confounders and clustering of
             students within schools. RESULTS:We found significant
             positive spatial autocorrelation in the built environment
             features examined (Global Moran's I most ≥ 0.60; all p =
             0.001) but not in BMI z-score (Global Moran's I = 0.07, p =
             0.28). Because we found significant spatial autocorrelation
             in our OLS regression residuals, we fit spatial
             autoregressive models. Most built environment features were
             not associated with BMI z-score. Density of bus stops was
             associated with a higher BMI z-score among Whites
             (Coefficient: 0.029, p < 0.05). The interaction term for
             Asians in the association between retail destinations and
             BMI z-score was statistically significant and indicated an
             inverse association. Sidewalk completeness was significantly
             associated with a higher BMI z-score for the total sample
             (Coefficient: 0.010, p < 0.05). These significant
             associations were found for the 800-meter buffer.
             CONCLUSION:Some relationships between the built environment
             and adolescent BMI z-score were in the unexpected direction.
             Our findings overall suggest that the built environment does
             not explain a large proportion of the variation in
             adolescent BMI z-score or racial disparities in adolescent
             obesity. However, there are some differences by
             race/ethnicity that require further research among
             adolescents.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1476-072X-11-11},
   Key = {fds250728}
}

@article{fds250726,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Warner, ET and Glasgow, RE and Askew, S and Goldman, J and Ritzwoller, DP and Emmons, KM and Rosner, BA and Colditz, GA and Be Fit,
             Be Well Study Investigators},
   Title = {Obesity treatment for socioeconomically disadvantaged
             patients in primary care practice.},
   Journal = {Archives of Internal Medicine},
   Volume = {172},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {565-574},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1538-3679},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22412073},
   Keywords = {Behavior Therapy* • Blood Pressure • Body Mass
             Index • Comparative Effectiveness Research •
             Counseling • Female • Humans • Hypertension
             • Male • Middle Aged • Obesity • Primary
             Health Care* • Self Care* • Socioeconomic Factors
             • Telephone • Treatment Outcome • Vulnerable
             Populations* • Weight Loss* • standards •
             statistics & numerical data • therapy* •
             trends},
   Abstract = {Few evidence-based weight loss treatment options exist for
             medically vulnerable patients in the primary care setting.We
             conducted a 2-arm, 24-month randomized effectiveness trial
             in 3 Boston community health centers (from February 1, 2008,
             through May 2, 2011). Participants were 365 obese patients
             receiving hypertension treatment (71.2% black, 13.1%
             Hispanic, 68.5% female, and 32.9% with less than a high
             school educational level). We randomized participants to
             usual care or a behavioral intervention that promoted weight
             loss and hypertension self-management using eHealth
             components. The intervention included tailored behavior
             change goals, self-monitoring, and skills training,
             available via a website or interactive voice response; 18
             telephone counseling calls; primary care provider
             endorsement; 12 optional group support sessions; and links
             with community resources.At 24 months, weight change in the
             intervention group compared with that in the usual care
             group was -1.03 kg (95% CI, -2.03 to -0.03 kg).
             Twenty-four-month change in body mass index (calculated as
             weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) in
             the intervention group compared with that in the usual care
             group was -0.38 (95% CI, -0.75 to -0.004). Intervention
             participants had larger mean weight losses during the 24
             months compared with that in the usual care group (area
             under the receiver operating characteristic curve, -1.07 kg;
             95% CI, -1.94 to -0.22). Mean systolic blood pressure was
             not significantly lower in the intervention arm compared
             with the usual care arm.The intervention produced modest
             weight losses, improved blood pressure control, and slowed
             systolic blood pressure increases in this high-risk,
             socioeconomically disadvantaged patient population. Trial
             Registration  clinicaltrials.gov Identifier:
             NCT00661817.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1001/archinternmed.2012.1},
   Key = {fds250726}
}

@article{fds290498,
   Author = {Steinberg, DM and Tate, DF and Bennett, GG and Ennett, S and Samuel-Hodge, C and Ward, DS},
   Title = {THE WEIGH STUDY: A RANDOMIZED TRIAL FOCUSING ON DAILY
             SELF-WEIGHING FOR WEIGHT LOSS AMONG OVERWEIGHT
             ADULTS},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {43},
   Pages = {S272-S272},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000302092401146&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290498}
}

@article{fds290499,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Puleo, E and Sprunck-Harrild, K and Bennett, GG and Viswanath, K and Coeling, M and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {AUTOMATED VOICE REMINDERS OR SMS TEXT REMINDERS: WHAT IS
             ASSOCIATED WITH PREFERRED MODALITY?},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {43},
   Pages = {S106-S106},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000302092400411&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290499}
}

@article{fds290500,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Warner, E and Glasgow, R and Askew, S and Emmons, KM and Rosner, B and Colditz, GA},
   Title = {WEIGHT LOSS AMONG SOCIOECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED PRIMARY
             CARE PATIENTS},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {43},
   Pages = {S272-S272},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000302092401145&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290500}
}

@article{fds250718,
   Author = {Mowafi, M and Khadr, Z and Bennett, G and Hill, A and Kawachi, I and Subramanian, SV},
   Title = {Is access to neighborhood green space associated with BMI
             among Egyptians? A multilevel study of Cairo
             neighborhoods.},
   Journal = {Health & Place},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {385-390},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1353-8292},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.12.002},
   Abstract = {Evidence of a link between green space and obesity has
             increased in the developed world, but few studies have been
             conducted in the developing world. Our study tests whether
             availability of neighborhood green space is associated with
             BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt. Using data from the 2007
             Cairo Urban Inequity Study, we conducted multilevel analyses
             and found no significant green space-BMI association,
             leading us to conclude that this intervention may not be as
             promising in this developing world context as it has been in
             some western urban contexts. Other aspects of the urban
             environment should be evaluated to better understand
             neighborhood variations in obesity in Cairo.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.12.002},
   Key = {fds250718}
}

@article{fds250725,
   Author = {Warner, ET and Wolin, KY and Duncan, DT and Heil, DP and Askew, S and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Differential accuracy of physical activity self-report by
             body mass index.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Health Behavior},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {168-178},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1087-3244},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.2.3},
   Keywords = {Actigraphy • Adult • Body Mass Index •
             Exercise* • Female • Humans • Male •
             Middle Aged • Obesity • Questionnaires •
             Reproducibility of Results • Self Report • United
             States • Young Adult • epidemiology •
             physiopathology • standards • standards*},
   Abstract = {To examine whether agreement between self-reported and
             accelerometer-measured physical activity varies by BMI
             category in a low-income black sample.Participants completed
             a questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for 4-6 days.
             Using one- and 10-minute bouts, accelerometers measured
             light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity
             time.Correlations varied by obesity (nonobese: one-minute
             r=0.41; 10-minute r=0.47; obese: one-minute r=0.21;
             10-minute r=0 .14). Agreement was highest among nonobese
             persons (one-minute kappa = 0.48, 10-minute kappa = 0.023;
             obese: one-minute kappa = -0.024, 10- minute kappa =
             -0.020).We found compromised questionnaire performance among
             obese participants.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.5993/AJHB.36.2.3},
   Key = {fds250725}
}

@article{fds250700,
   Author = {Whitt-Glover, MC and Bennett, G and Sallis, JF},
   Title = {Introduction to the Active Living Research Supplement:
             Disparities in Environments and Policies that Support Active
             Living},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Pages = {1-5},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-012-9456-4},
   Doi = {10.1007/s12160-012-9456-4},
   Key = {fds250700}
}

@article{fds250719,
   Author = {Glasgow, RE and Gaglio, B and Bennett, G and Jerome, GJ and Yeh, H-C and Sarwer, DB and Appel, L and Colditz, G and Wadden, TA and Wells,
             B},
   Title = {Applying the PRECIS criteria to describe three effectiveness
             trials of weight loss in obese patients with comorbid
             conditions},
   Journal = {Health Services Research},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {3 PART 1},
   Pages = {1051-1067},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0017-9124},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01347.x},
   Abstract = {Objectives To characterize Practice-Based Opportunities for
             Weight Reduction (POWER) trials along the
             pragmatic-explanatory continuum. Settings The POWER trials
             consist of three individual studies that target obesity
             treatment in primary care settings. Design Using the
             PRagmatic Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary (PRECIS)
             criteria, nine reviewers independently scored each trial.
             Methods Average and median ratings, inter-rater reliability,
             and relationships to additional ratings of the extent to
             which study designs were explanatory (i.e., efficacy) versus
             pragmatic (i.e., practical) and related to external validity
             were determined. Principal Findings One trial was
             consistently rated as being significantly more pragmatic
             than the others (R 2 = 0.43, p &lt;.001), although all three
             were in the moderate range on the PRECIS scales. Ratings
             varied across PRECIS dimensions, being most pragmatic on
             comparison condition and primary outcome. Raters, although
             undergoing training and using identical definitions, scored
             their own study as more pragmatic than the other
             studies/interventions. Conclusions These results highlight
             the need for more comprehensive reporting on PRECIS and
             related criteria for research translation. The PRECIS
             criteria provide a richer understanding of the POWER
             studies. It is not clear whether the original criteria are
             sufficient to provide a comprehensive profile. © Health
             Research and Educational Trust.},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01347.x},
   Key = {fds250719}
}

@article{fds250720,
   Author = {McNeill, LH and Stoddard, A and Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Sorensen,
             GG},
   Title = {Influence of individual and social contextual factors on
             changes in leisure-time physical activity in working-class
             populations: Results of the Healthy Directions-Small
             Businesses Study},
   Journal = {Cancer Causes & Control : Ccc},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1475-1487},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0957-5243},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-012-0021-z},
   Keywords = {Adult • Aged • Aged, 80 and over • Boston
             • Electronic Mail • Female • Health Behavior*
             • Humans • Internet* • Male • Middle
             Aged • Neoplasms • Risk Reduction Behavior •
             Self Care* • Telephone • Young Adult •
             prevention & control},
   Abstract = {Background As part of the Harvard Cancer Prevention Program
             Project, we sought to address disparities reflected in
             social class and race/ethnicity by developing and testing a
             behavioral intervention model that targeted fruit and
             vegetable consumption, red meat consumption, multivitamin
             intake, and physical activity in working-class, multiethnic
             populations. Methods This paper examined the associations
             between change in leisure-time physical activity and
             individual and social contextual factors in participants
             employed in small businesses (n = 850) at both baseline and
             at 18-month final. Results In bivariate analyses, age,
             language acculturation, social ties, and workplace social
             capital were significantly associated with physical activity
             at final. In multivariable analyses, being younger and
             having high language acculturation were significantly
             associated with greater leisuretime physical activity at
             final; high workplace social capital was significantly
             associated with a decline in physical activity at final.
             Conclusion These findings have implications for
             understanding factors that are integral to promoting change
             in physical activity among working-class, multiethnic
             populations. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
             2012.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10552-012-0021-z},
   Key = {fds250720}
}

@article{fds250729,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Puleo, E and Sprunck-Harrild, K and Bennett, GG and Cunningham, MA and Gillman, MW and Coeling, M and Emmons,
             KM},
   Title = {Electronic reminders for cancer prevention: Factors
             associated with preference for automated voice reminders or
             text messages},
   Journal = {Preventive Medicine},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {151-154},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {0091-7435},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.05.014},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Attitude to Computers •
             Body Mass Index • Boston • Cluster Analysis •
             Female • Health Behavior • Health Status •
             Humans • Male • Middle Aged • Neoplasms
             • Patient Preference • Preventive Health Services
             • Questionnaires • Reminder Systems • Risk
             Factors • Socioeconomic Factors • Speech
             Recognition Software* • Text Messaging* •
             User-Computer Interface* • economics • methods*
             • prevention & control* • psychology* •
             statistics & numerical data • utilization •
             utilization*},
   Abstract = {Objective: Prompting may promote engagement with behavior
             change interventions. Prompts can be delivered inexpensively
             via automated voice response (AVR) reminders or short
             message service (SMS) text messages. We examined the
             association between participants' characteristics and
             preferred reminder modality. Methods: Healthy Directions 2
             is a cluster randomized controlled trial implemented in
             Boston, Massachusetts to promote change in multiple
             behavioral cancer risk factors. At baseline (2009),
             participants completed a survey assessing
             socio-demographics, health status, height/weight, and
             factors associated with technology. One-third of
             participants randomized to receive the intervention (n =
             598) were randomized to receive automated reminders, with
             participants selecting modality. Results: 28% (167/598) of
             participants selected SMS reminders. Controlling for
             clustering by primary care provider, younger participants
             (OR = 0.97, 95% CI = (0.95, 0.99), p &lt; 0.01), those most
             comfortable with computers (very uncomfortable OR = 0.54,
             95% CI = (0.29, 1.01), p ≤ 0.05: referent group = very
             comfortable), and those who frequently sent/received text
             messages (never OR = 0.09 CI = (0.04, 0.16) p &lt; 0.01;
             1-3. times/month OR = 0.38, 95% CI = (0.15, 0.93) p = 0.04:
             referent group = 1-5. times/week) were more likely to choose
             SMS. Conclusions: Interventions should make both modalities
             available to ensure that more participants can benefit from
             prompting. Studies examining the effect of automated
             reminders may have reduced effectiveness or generalizability
             if they employ only one modality. © 2012 Elsevier
             Inc.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.05.014},
   Key = {fds250729}
}

@article{fds250731,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Sprunck-Harrild, K and Bennett, GG and Puleo, E and Haines, J and Viswanath, KV and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Use of email and telephone prompts to increase
             self-monitoring in a web-based intervention: Randomized
             controlled trial},
   Journal = {Journal of Medical Internet Research},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {e96},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1438-8871},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1981},
   Keywords = {Adult • Aged • Aged, 80 and over • Boston
             • Electronic Mail • Female • Health Behavior*
             • Humans • Internet* • Male • Middle
             Aged • Neoplasms • Risk Reduction Behavior •
             Self Care* • Telephone • Young Adult •
             prevention & control},
   Abstract = {Background: Self-monitoring is a key behavior change
             mechanism associated with sustained health behavior change.
             Although Web-based interventions can offer user-friendly
             approaches for self-monitoring, engagement with these tools
             is suboptimal. Increased use could encourage, promote, and
             sustain behavior change. Objective: To determine whether
             email prompts or email plus telephone prompts increase
             self-monitoring of behaviors on a website created for a
             multiple cancer risk reduction program. Methods: We
             recruited and enrolled participants (N = 100) in a Web-based
             intervention during a primary care well visit at an urban
             primary care health center. The frequency of daily
             self-monitoring was tracked on the study website.
             Participants who tracked at least one behavior 3 or more
             times during week 1 were classified as meeting the tracking
             threshold and were assigned to the observation-only group
             (OO, n = 14). This group was followed but did not receive
             prompts. Participants who did not meet the threshold during
             week 1 were randomly assigned to one of 2 prompting
             conditions: automated assistance (AA, n = 36) or automated
             assistance + calls (AAC, n = 50). During prompting periods
             (weeks 2-3), participants in the AA and AAC conditions
             received daily automated emails that encouraged tracking and
             two tailored self-monitoring reports (end of week 2, end of
             week 3) that provided feedback on tracking frequency.
             Individuals in the AAC condition also received two technical
             assistance calls from trained study staff. Frequency of
             self-monitoring was tracked from week 2 through week 17.
             Results: Self-monitoring rates increased in both
             intervention conditions during prompting and declined when
             prompting ceased. Over the 16 weeks of observation, there
             was a significant between-group difference in the percentage
             who met the self-monitoring threshold each week, with better
             maintenance in the AAC than in the AA condition (P &lt;
             .001). Self-monitoring rates were greater in the OO group
             than in either the AA or AAC condition (P &lt; .001).
             Conclusions: Prompting can increase self-monitoring rates.
             The decrease in self-monitoring after the promoting period
             suggests that additional reminder prompts would be useful.
             The use of technical assistance calls appeared to have a
             greater effect in promoting self-monitoring at a therapeutic
             threshold than email reminders and the tailored
             self-monitoring reports alone.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.1981},
   Key = {fds250731}
}

@article{fds200758,
   Author = {N Krieger and PD Waterman and A Kosheleva and JT Chen and DR Carney and KW
             Smith, GG Bennett and DR Williams and E Freeman and B Russell and G
             Thornhill, K Mikolowsky and R Rifkin and L Samuel},
   Title = {Exposing Racial Discrimination: Implicit & Explicit
             Measures-The My Body, My Story Study of 1005 US-Born Black &
             White Community Health Center Members.},
   Journal = {PloS one},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {e27636},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1932-6203},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027636},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Boston •
             Community Health Centers • Cross-Sectional Studies
             • Educational Status • Employment • European
             Continental Ancestry Group • Female • Humans
             • Logistic Models • Male • Middle Aged •
             Prejudice* • Questionnaires* • Smoking •
             Social Desirability • Socioeconomic Factors •
             statistics & numerical data • statistics & numerical
             data*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: To date, research on racial discrimination and
             health typically has employed explicit self-report measures,
             despite their potentially being affected by what people are
             able and willing to say. We accordingly employed an Implicit
             Association Test (IAT) for racial discrimination, first
             developed and used in two recent published studies, and
             measured associations of the explicit and implicit
             discrimination measures with each other, socioeconomic and
             psychosocial variables, and smoking. RESULTS: Among the 504
             black and 501 white US-born participants, age 35-64,
             randomly recruited in 2008-2010 from 4 community health
             centers in Boston, MA, black participants were over 1.5
             times more likely (p<0.05) to be worse off economically
             (e.g., for poverty and low education) and have higher social
             desirability scores (43.8 vs. 28.2); their explicit
             discrimination exposure was also 2.5 to 3.7 times higher
             (p<0.05) depending on the measure used, with over 60%
             reporting exposure in 3 or more domains and within the last
             year. Higher IAT scores for target vs. perpetrator of
             discrimination occurred for the black versus white
             participants: for "black person vs. white person": 0.26 vs.
             0.13; and for "me vs. them": 0.24 vs. 0.19. In both groups,
             only low non-significant correlations existed between the
             implicit and explicit discrimination measures; social
             desirability was significantly associated with the explicit
             but not implicit measures. Although neither the explicit nor
             implicit discrimination measures were associated with odds
             of being a current smoker, the excess risk for black
             participants (controlling for age and gender) rose in models
             that also controlled for the racial discrimination and
             psychosocial variables; additional control for socioeconomic
             position sharply reduced and rendered the association null.
             CONCLUSIONS: Implicit and explicit measures of racial
             discrimination are not equivalent and both warrant use in
             research on racial discrimination and health, along with
             data on socioeconomic position and social
             desirability.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0027636},
   Key = {fds200758}
}

@article{fds200755,
   Author = {RC Shelton and LH McNeill and E Puleo and KY Wolin and KM Emmons and GG
             Bennett},
   Title = {The association between social factors and physical activity
             among low-income adults living in public
             housing.},
   Journal = {American journal of public health},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {2102-10},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1541-0048},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2010.196030},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Age Factors • Aged
             • Aged, 80 and over • Boston • Continental
             Population Groups • Cross-Sectional Studies •
             Exercise* • Female • Humans • Male •
             Middle Aged • Poverty • Public Housing • Sex
             Factors • Social Support* • Socioeconomic Factors
             • Young Adult • statistics & numerical
             data*},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the association between
             structural, functional, and normative social factors and
             physical activity among urban, low-income,
             racially/ethnically diverse adults. METHODS: We conducted a
             baseline cross-sectional survey among residents of 12
             low-income housing communities in metropolitan Boston,
             Massachusetts. Participants were also asked to wear a
             pedometer for 5 days. We analyzed complete data from 1112
             residents (weighted n = 1635). RESULTS: Residents with
             smaller social networks were significantly less physically
             active than were residents with larger social networks (b =
             -1503.7; P = .01) and residents with conflicting demands
             were more active than were residents with none (b = 601.6; P
             = .01), when we controlled for employment status, gender,
             poverty level, current health status, age, and perceived
             safety. Social networks were most strongly associated with
             physical activity among Hispanics and younger residents
             (aged 18-35 years). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate
             that social factors, including social networks and
             role-related conflicting demands, may be important drivers
             of physical activity among low-income populations.
             Researchers and practitioners should consider social factors
             in developing multilevel physical activity interventions for
             this population.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2010.196030},
   Key = {fds200755}
}

@article{fds250770,
   Author = {Shelton, RC and McNeill, LH and Puleo, E and Wolin, KY and Emmons, KM and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {The association between social factors and physical activity
             among low-income adults living in public
             housing.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Public Health},
   Volume = {101},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {2102-2110},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0090-0036},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2010.196030},
   Abstract = {We sought to examine the association between structural,
             functional, and normative social factors and physical
             activity among urban, low-income, racially/ethnically
             diverse adults.We conducted a baseline cross-sectional
             survey among residents of 12 low-income housing communities
             in metropolitan Boston, Massachusetts. Participants were
             also asked to wear a pedometer for 5 days. We analyzed
             complete data from 1112 residents (weighted n =
             1635).Residents with smaller social networks were
             significantly less physically active than were residents
             with larger social networks (b = -1503.7; P = .01) and
             residents with conflicting demands were more active than
             were residents with none (b = 601.6; P = .01), when we
             controlled for employment status, gender, poverty level,
             current health status, age, and perceived safety. Social
             networks were most strongly associated with physical
             activity among Hispanics and younger residents (aged 18-35
             years).These findings indicate that social factors,
             including social networks and role-related conflicting
             demands, may be important drivers of physical activity among
             low-income populations. Researchers and practitioners should
             consider social factors in developing multilevel physical
             activity interventions for this population.},
   Doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2010.196030},
   Key = {fds250770}
}

@article{fds290495,
   Author = {Woo, M and Austin, SB and Williams, DR and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Reconceptualizing the measurement of multiracial status for
             health research in the united states},
   Journal = {Du Bois Review},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {25-36},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1742-058X},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000312166600003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {The assessment of multiracial status in U.S. health research
             is fraught with challenges that limit our ability to
             enumerate and study this population. This paper
             reconceptualizes the assessment of multiracial status
             through the development of a model with three dimensions:
             mixed ancestry multiracial status, self-identified
             multiracial status, and socially assigned multiracial
             status. We present challenges to studying multiracial
             populations and provide recommendations for improving the
             assessment of multiracial status in health research. ©
             2011, W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African
             American Research. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1742058X11000038},
   Key = {fds290495}
}

@article{fds250733,
   Author = {Mowafi, M and Khadr, Z and Subramanian, SV and Bennett, G and Hill, A and Kawachi, I},
   Title = {Are neighborhood education levels associated with BMI among
             adults in Cairo, Egypt?},
   Journal = {Social Science & Medicine},
   Volume = {72},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {1274-1283},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0277-9536},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.01.032},
   Keywords = {Adult • Body Mass Index* • Educational Status
             • Egypt • Female • Health Status Disparities
             • Health Surveys • Humans • Male •
             Middle Aged • Models, Statistical • Obesity •
             Residence Characteristics* • Social Class • Urban
             Population* • Young Adult • epidemiology},
   Abstract = {This study examined the association between area-level
             education and BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt. A sample of
             3993 households including 1990 men and 2003 women were
             analyzed from the 2007 Cairo Urban Inequity Study, a study
             which aimed to identify potential intra-urban inequities in
             health related to the environment and living conditions in
             Cairo. Using multilevel analysis, we found that residents of
             high education neighborhoods were significantly less likely
             to be obese compared to low education neighborhoods. An
             inverse association between neighborhood education and
             individual BMI was observed whereby each unit increase in
             percentage of households with greater than a high school
             education was associated with a 0.036 kg/m(2) decrease in
             BMI of individuals. This translated into a difference
             between high and low education neighborhoods of 6.86 kg
             (15.1 lb) for women based on an average height of 1.65 m
             and 6.10 kg (13.4 lb) for men based on an average height
             of 1.75 m after adjusting for sociodemographic,
             socioeconomic, health and environmental factors. These
             findings suggest that programs aiming to reduce BMI among
             adults in this setting may be well-served by focusing on
             education since it appears to have an effect at the
             neighborhood level over and above the impact it has at the
             individual level. This may be due to several factors such as
             greater access to knowledge and information regarding health
             and nutrition, greater food availability, and shifting
             cultural perceptions of beauty away from an ideal body shape
             of plumpness in favor of thinness in high education
             neighborhoods. The cross-sectional nature of our study does
             not allow for causal interpretations, however, so further
             studies exploring why the neighborhood education-BMI
             association is so significant is warranted.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.01.032},
   Key = {fds250733}
}

@article{fds250734,
   Author = {Duncan, DT and Wolin, KY and Scharoun-Lee, M and Ding, EL and Warner,
             ET and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Does perception equal reality? Weight misperception in
             relation to weight-related attitudes and behaviors among
             overweight and obese US adults.},
   Journal = {The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and
             Physical Activity},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {20},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1479-5868},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-20},
   Keywords = {African Americans • Attitude to Health* • Diet
             • Energy Intake* • Exercise* • Female •
             Health Behavior* • Hispanic Americans • Humans
             • Male • Middle Aged • Multivariate Analysis
             • Nutrition Surveys • Obesity • Reference
             Values • Sedentary Lifestyle • Self Concept*
             • Sex Factors • Thinness • United States
             • Weight Loss • ethnology • psychology •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {Weight misperception might preclude the adoption of
             healthful weight-related attitudes and behaviors among
             overweight and obese individuals, yet limited research
             exists in this area. We examined associations between weight
             misperception and several weight-related attitudes and
             behaviors among a nationally representative sample of
             overweight and obese US adults.Data from the 2003-2006
             National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
             were used. Analyses included non-pregnant, overweight and
             obese (measured body mass index ≥ 25) adults aged 20 and
             older. Weight misperception was identified among those who
             reported themselves as "underweight" or "about the right
             weight". Outcome variables and sample sizes were:
             weight-loss attitudes/behaviors (wanting to weigh less and
             having tried to lose weight; n = 4,784); dietary intake
             (total energy intake; n=4,894); and physical activity (meets
             2008 US physical activity recommendations, insufficiently
             active, and sedentary; n=5,401). Multivariable regression
             models were stratified by gender and race/ethnicity.
             Analyses were conducted in 2009-2010.These overweight/obese
             men and women who misperceived their weight were 71% (RR
             0.29, 95% CI 0.25-0.34) and 65% (RR 0.35, 95% CI 0.29-0.42)
             less likely to report that they want to lose weight and 60%
             (RR 0.40, 95% CI 0.30-0.52) and 56% (RR 0.44, 95% CI
             0.32-0.59) less likely to have tried to lose weight within
             the past year, respectively, compared to those who
             accurately perceived themselves as overweight. Blacks were
             particularly less likely to have tried to lose weight.
             Weight misperception was not a significant predictor of
             total energy intake among most subgroups, but was associated
             with lower total energy intake among Hispanic women (change
             -252.72, 95% CI -433.25, -72.18). Men who misperceived their
             weight were less likely (RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.52-0.89) to be
             insufficiently active (the strongest results were among
             Black men) and women who misperceived their weight were less
             likely (RR 0.74, 95% CI 0.54, 1.00, p=0.047) to meet
             activity recommendations compared to being
             sedentary.Overall, weight misperception among overweight and
             obese adults was associated with less likelihood of interest
             in or attempts at weight loss and less physical activity.
             These associations varied by gender and race/ethnicity. This
             study highlights the importance of focusing on inaccurate
             weight perceptions in targeted weight loss
             efforts.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1479-5868-8-20},
   Key = {fds250734}
}

@article{fds250717,
   Author = {Duncan, DT and Castro, MC and Blossom, JC and Bennett, GG and Steven,
             LGGG},
   Title = {Evaluation of the positional difference between two common
             geocoding methods},
   Journal = {Geospatial health},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {265-273},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1827-1987},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027636},
   Keywords = {Child • Child, Preschool • Geographic Information
             Systems • Humans • Obesity • United States
             • organization & administration* • prevention &
             control • standards*},
   Abstract = {Geocoding, the process of matching addresses to geographic
             coordinates, is a necessary first step when using
             geographical information systems (GIS) technology. However,
             different geocoding methodologies can result in different
             geographic coordinates. The objective of this study was to
             compare the positional (i.e. longitude/latitude) difference
             between two common geocoding methods, i.e. ArcGIS
             (Environmental System Research Institute, Redlands, CA, USA)
             and Batchgeo (freely available online at
             http://www.batchgeo.com). Address data came from the
             YMCA-Harvard After School Food and Fitness Project, an
             obesity prevention intervention involving children aged 5-11
             years and their families participating in YMCAadministered,
             after-school programmes located in four geographically
             diverse metropolitan areas in the USA. Our analyses include
             baseline addresses (n = 748) collected from the parents of
             the children in the after school sites. Addresses were first
             geocoded to the street level and assigned longitude and
             latitude coordinates with ArcGIS, version 9.3, then the same
             addresses were geocoded with Batchgeo. For this analysis,
             the ArcGIS minimum match score was 80. The resulting
             geocodes were projected into state plane coordinates, and
             the difference in longitude and latitude coordinates were
             calculated in meters between the two methods for all data
             points in each of the four metropolitan areas. We also
             quantified the descriptions of the geocoding accuracy
             provided by Batchgeo with the match scores from ArcGIS. We
             found a 94% match rate (n = 705), 2% (n = 18) were tied and
             3% (n = 25) were unmatched using ArcGIS. Forty-eight
             addresses (6.4%) were not matched in ArcGIS with a match
             score ≥80 (therefore only 700 addresses were included in
             our positional difference analysis). Six hundred thirteen
             (87.6%) of these addresses had a match score of 100.
             Batchgeo yielded a 100% match rate for the addresses that
             ArcGIS geocoded. The median for longitude and latitude
             coordinates for all the data was just over 25 m. Overall,
             the range for longitude was 0.04-12,911.8 m, and the range
             for latitude was 0.02-37,766.6 m. Comparisons show minimal
             differences in the median and minimum values, while there
             were slightly larger differences in the maximum values. The
             majority (&gt;75%) of the geographic differences were within
             50 m of each other; mostly &lt;25 m from each other (about
             49%). Only about 4% overall were ≥400 m apart. We also
             found geographic differences in the proportion of addresses
             that fell within certain meter ranges. The match-score range
             associated with the Batchgeo accuracy level "approximate"
             (least accurate) was 84-100 (mean = 92), while the "rooftop"
             Batchgeo accuracy level (most accurate) delivered a mean of
             98.9 but the range was the same. Although future research
             should compare the positional difference of Batchgeo to
             criterion measures of longitude/latitude (e.g. with global
             positioning system measurement), this study suggests that
             Batchgeo is a good, free-of-charge option to geocode
             addresses.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0027636},
   Key = {fds250717}
}

@article{fds250732,
   Author = {Hasson, RE and Granados, KE and Marquez, DX and Bennett, G and Freedson,
             P and Braun, B},
   Title = {Psychological responses to acute exercise in sedentary black
             and white individuals},
   Journal = {Journal of Physical Activity & Health},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {978-987},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1543-3080},
   Keywords = {Adult • Affect • African Continental Ancestry
             Group • Anxiety • Body Mass Index • European
             Continental Ancestry Group • Exercise • Humans
             • Self Efficacy • Walking • psychology •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {Background: Racial differences in psychological determinants
             of exercise exist between non-Hispanic blacks (blacks) and
             non-Hispanic whites (whites). To date, no study has examined
             racial differences in the psychological responses during and
             after exercise. The objective of this study was to compare
             psychological outcomes of single exercise bouts in blacks
             and whites. Methods: On 3 separate occasions, sedentary
             black (n = 16) and white (n = 14) participants walked on a
             treadmill at 75% max HR for 75 minutes. Questionnaires
             assessing mood, state anxiety, and exercise task
             self-efficacy were administered before and after each
             exercise bout. In-task mood and rating of perceived exertion
             (RPE) were measured every 5 minutes during exercise.
             Results: Exercise self-efficacy and psychological distress
             significantly improved in both blacks and whites. However
             during exercise blacks reported more positive in-task mood
             and lower RPE compared with whites. Conclusions: These data
             suggest that racial differences exist in psychological
             responses during exercise. Further research should confirm
             these findings in a larger, free-living population. © 2011
             Human Kinetics, Inc.},
   Language = {eng},
   Key = {fds250732}
}

@article{fds250735,
   Author = {Krieger, N and Waterman, PD and Kosheleva, A and Chen, JT and Carney,
             DR and Smith, KW and Bennett, GG and Williams, DR and Freeman, E and Russell, B and Thornhill, G and Mikolowsky, K and Rifkin, R and Samuel,
             L},
   Title = {Exposing Racial Discrimination: Implicit & Explicit
             Measures-The My Body, My Story Study of 1005 US-Born Black
             & White Community Health Center Members},
   Journal = {Plos One},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {e27636},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1932-6203},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027636},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Boston •
             Community Health Centers • Cross-Sectional Studies
             • Educational Status • Employment • European
             Continental Ancestry Group • Female • Humans
             • Logistic Models • Male • Middle Aged •
             Prejudice* • Questionnaires* • Smoking •
             Social Desirability • Socioeconomic Factors •
             statistics & numerical data • statistics & numerical
             data*},
   Abstract = {Background: To date, research on racial discrimination and
             health typically has employed explicit self-report measures,
             despite their potentially being affected by what people are
             able and willing to say. We accordingly employed an Implicit
             Association Test (IAT) for racial discrimination, first
             developed and used in two recent published studies, and
             measured associations of the explicit and implicit
             discrimination measures with each other, socioeconomic and
             psychosocial variables, and smoking. Methodology/Principal
             Findings: Among the 504 black and 501 white US-born
             participants, age 35-64, randomly recruited in 2008-2010
             from 4 community health centers in Boston, MA, black
             participants were over 1.5 times more likely (p&lt;0.05) to
             be worse off economically (e.g., for poverty and low
             education) and have higher social desirability scores (43.8
             vs. 28.2); their explicit discrimination exposure was also
             2.5 to 3.7 times higher (p&lt;0.05) depending on the measure
             used, with over 60% reporting exposure in 3 or more domains
             and within the last year. Higher IAT scores for target vs.
             perpetrator of discrimination occurred for the black versus
             white participants: for "black person vs. white person":
             0.26 vs. 0.13; and for "me vs. them": 0.24 vs. 0.19. In both
             groups, only low non-significant correlations existed
             between the implicit and explicit discrimination measures;
             social desirability was significantly associated with the
             explicit but not implicit measures. Although neither the
             explicit nor implicit discrimination measures were
             associated with odds of being a current smoker, the excess
             risk for black participants (controlling for age and gender)
             rose in models that also controlled for the racial
             discrimination and psychosocial variables; additional
             control for socioeconomic position sharply reduced and
             rendered the association null. Conclusions: Implicit and
             explicit measures of racial discrimination are not
             equivalent and both warrant use in research on racial
             discrimination and health, along with data on socioeconomic
             position and social desirability. © 2011 Krieger et
             al.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0027636},
   Key = {fds250735}
}

@article{fds200764,
   Author = {HC Yeh and JM Clark and KE Emmons and RH Moore and GG Bennett and ET
             Warner, DB Sarwer and GJ Jerome and ER Miller and S Volger and TA Louis and B Wells and TA Wadden and GA Colditz and LJ Appel},
   Title = {Independent but coordinated trials: insights from the
             practice-based Opportunities for Weight Reduction Trials
             Collaborative Research Group.},
   Journal = {Clinical trials (London, England)},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {322-32},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {1740-7753},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1740774510374213},
   Keywords = {Clinical Protocols • Clinical Trials as Topic •
             Humans • Multicenter Studies as Topic • Primary
             Health Care* • Research Design* • Weight Loss*
             • methods*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
             (NHLBI) funded three institutions to conduct effectiveness
             trials of weight loss interventions in primary care
             settings. Unlike traditional multi-center clinical trials,
             each study was established as an independent trial with a
             distinct protocol. Still, efforts were made to coordinate
             and standardize several aspects of the trials. The three
             trials formed a collaborative group, the 'Practice-based
             Opportunities for Weight Reduction (POWER) Trials
             Collaborative Research Group.' OBJECTIVE: We describe the
             common and distinct features of the three trials, the key
             characteristics of the collaborative group, and the lessons
             learned from this novel organizational approach. METHODS:
             The Collaborative Research Group consists of three
             individual studies: 'Be Fit, Be Well' (Washington University
             in St. Louis/Harvard University), 'POWER Hopkins' (Johns
             Hopkins), and 'POWER-UP' (University of Pennsylvania). There
             are a total of 15 participating clinics with ~1100
             participants. The common primary outcome is change in weight
             at 24 months of follow-up, but each protocol has
             trial-specific elements including different interventions
             and different secondary outcomes. A Resource Coordinating
             Unit at Johns Hopkins provides administrative support.
             RESULTS: The Collaborative Research Group established common
             components to facilitate potential cross-site comparisons.
             The main advantage of this approach is to develop and
             evaluate several interventions, when there is insufficient
             evidence to test one or two approaches, as would be done in
             a traditional multi-center trial. CONCLUSIONS: The
             challenges of the organizational design include the complex
             decision-making process, the extent of potential data
             pooling, time intensive efforts to standardize reports, and
             the additional responsibilities of the DSMB to monitor three
             distinct protocols.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1177/1740774510374213},
   Key = {fds200764}
}

@article{pmid20573639,
   Author = {Yeh, H-C and Clark, JM and Emmons, KE and Moore, RH and Bennett, GG and Warner, ET and Sarwer, DB and Jerome, GJ and Miller, ER and Volger, S and Louis, TA and Wells, B and Wadden, TA and Colditz, GA and Appel,
             LJ},
   Title = {Independent but coordinated trials: insights from the
             practice-based Opportunities for Weight Reduction Trials
             Collaborative Research Group.},
   Journal = {Clinical Trials},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {322-332},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {1740-7745},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1740774510374213},
   Abstract = {The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) funded
             three institutions to conduct effectiveness trials of weight
             loss interventions in primary care settings. Unlike
             traditional multi-center clinical trials, each study was
             established as an independent trial with a distinct
             protocol. Still, efforts were made to coordinate and
             standardize several aspects of the trials. The three trials
             formed a collaborative group, the 'Practice-based
             Opportunities for Weight Reduction (POWER) Trials
             Collaborative Research Group.'We describe the common and
             distinct features of the three trials, the key
             characteristics of the collaborative group, and the lessons
             learned from this novel organizational approach.The
             Collaborative Research Group consists of three individual
             studies: 'Be Fit, Be Well' (Washington University in St.
             Louis/Harvard University), 'POWER Hopkins' (Johns Hopkins),
             and 'POWER-UP' (University of Pennsylvania). There are a
             total of 15 participating clinics with ~1100 participants.
             The common primary outcome is change in weight at 24 months
             of follow-up, but each protocol has trial-specific elements
             including different interventions and different secondary
             outcomes. A Resource Coordinating Unit at Johns Hopkins
             provides administrative support.The Collaborative Research
             Group established common components to facilitate potential
             cross-site comparisons. The main advantage of this approach
             is to develop and evaluate several interventions, when there
             is insufficient evidence to test one or two approaches, as
             would be done in a traditional multi-center trial.The
             challenges of the organizational design include the complex
             decision-making process, the extent of potential data
             pooling, time intensive efforts to standardize reports, and
             the additional responsibilities of the DSMB to monitor three
             distinct protocols.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1740774510374213},
   Key = {pmid20573639}
}

@article{fds290496,
   Author = {Pischke, CR and Whiteley, JA and Askew, S and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {COACHING IS ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED UTILIZATION OF
             HANDHELD COMPUTERS FOR WEIGHT LOSS AMONG LOWER INCOME
             WOMEN},
   Journal = {International Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {17},
   Pages = {56-56},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {1070-5503},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000280088500128&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290496}
}

@article{fds200765,
   Author = {CS Lathan and C Okechukwu and BF Drake and GG Bennett},
   Title = {Racial differences in the perception of lung cancer: the
             2005 Health Information National Trends Survey.},
   Journal = {Cancer},
   Volume = {116},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {1981-6},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0008-543X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.24923},
   Keywords = {African Americans* • European Continental Ancestry
             Group* • Female • Health Knowledge, Attitudes,
             Practice* • Humans • Lung Neoplasms • Male
             • Questionnaires • Risk Assessment •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in lung cancer have been
             described well in the literature; however, little is known
             about perceptions of lung cancer in the general population
             and whether these perceptions differ by race. METHODS: Data
             were obtained from the 2005 Health Information National
             Trends Survey (HINTS) survey. The authors used a sample
             design of random digit dialing of listed telephone exchanges
             in the United States. Complete interviews were conducted
             with 5491 adults, including 1872 respondents who were
             assigned to receive questions pertaining to lung cancer. All
             analyses were conducted on this subset of respondents. A
             statistical software program was used to calculate
             chi-square tests and to perform logistic regression analyses
             that would model racial differences in perceptions of lung
             cancer. All estimates were weighted to be nationally
             representative of the US population; a jack-knife weighting
             method was used for parameter estimation. RESULTS: Black
             patients and white patients shared many of the same beliefs
             about lung cancer mortality, and etiology. African Americans
             were more likely than whites 1) to agree that it is hard to
             follow recommendations about preventing lung cancer (odds
             ratio [OR], 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.53),
             2) to avoid an evaluation for lung cancer for fear that they
             have the disease (OR, 3.32; 95% CI, 1.84-5.98), and 3) to
             believe that patients with lung cancer would have pain or
             other symptoms before diagnosis (OR, 2.20; 95% CI,
             1.27-3.79). CONCLUSIONS: African Americans were more likely
             to hold beliefs about lung cancer that could interfere with
             prevention and treatment.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1002/cncr.24923},
   Key = {fds200765}
}

@article{fds290503,
   Author = {Whiteley, JA and Pischke, CR and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {COACHING DOES NOT CONFER ADDITIONAL BENEFIT FOR WEIGHT LOSS
             AMONG LOWER INCOME WOMEN USING HANDHELD COMPUTERS FOR
             SELF-MONITORING},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {39},
   Pages = {58-58},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000275841700224&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290503}
}

@article{pmid19696764,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Herring, SJ and Puleo, E and Stein, EK and Emmons, KM and Gillman, MW},
   Title = {Web-based weight loss in primary care: a randomized
             controlled trial.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {308-313},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {February},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19696764},
   Abstract = {Evidence is lacking regarding effective and sustainable
             weight loss approaches for use in the primary care setting.
             We conducted a 12-week randomized controlled trial to
             evaluate the short-term efficacy of a web-based weight loss
             intervention among 101 primary care patients with obesity
             and hypertension. Patients had access to a comprehensive
             website that used a moderate-intensity weight loss approach
             designed specifically for web-based implementation. Patients
             also participated in four (two in-person and two telephonic)
             counseling sessions with a health coach. Intent-to-treat
             analysis showed greater weight loss at 3 months (-2.56 kg;
             95% CI -3.60, -1.53) among intervention participants (-2.28
             +/- 3.21 kg), relative to usual care (0.28 +/- 1.87 kg).
             Similar findings were observed among intervention completers
             (-3.05 kg; 95% CI -4.24, -1.85). High rates of participant
             retention (84%) and website utilization were observed, with
             the greatest weight loss found among those with a high
             frequency of website logins (quartile 4 vs. 1: -4.16 kg; 95%
             CI -1.47, -6.84). The intervention's approach promoted
             moderate weight loss at 12 weeks, though greater weight loss
             was observed among those with higher levels of website
             utilization. Efficacious web-based weight loss interventions
             can be successfully offered in the primary care
             setting.},
   Doi = {10.1038/oby.2009.242},
   Key = {pmid19696764}
}

@article{pmid20191921,
   Author = {Whitfield, KE and Jonassaint, C and Brandon, D and Stanton, MV and Sims,
             R and Bennett, G and Salva, J and Edwards, CL},
   Title = {Does coping mediate the relationship between personality and
             cardiovascular health in African Americans?},
   Journal = {Journal of the National Medical Association},
   Volume = {102},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {95-100},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {1943-4693},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20191921},
   Abstract = {Few studies have examined traits or behaviors that may
             predispose some African Americans to poor cardiovascular
             health outcomes. While several models of personality exist,
             the 5-factor model (FFM) is arguably the best representation
             of personality and provides a useful framework for the study
             of personality and health. Among personality characteristics
             associated with health risks among African Americans, a
             high-effort coping style called John Henryism is among the
             most thoroughly examined. It is not clear if personality
             coping and health are connected in a meaningful way. The
             present study utilized data from the Baltimore Study of
             Black Aging (BSBA) to examine whether personality was linked
             to John Henryism, how personality might be linked to
             cardiovascular health, and how John Henryism might mediate
             the relationship between personality and cardiovascular
             health. The sample consisted of 234 older African Americans
             (mean age, 67 years), 28% of which were men. Regressions
             were used to examine the questions. The results indicated
             that those who are more neurotic report more cardiovascular
             health problems, and that openness and conscientiousness
             were significant predictors of active coping. The mediation
             analysis results suggest that coping style did not mediate
             the relationship between personality and reports of
             cardiovascular health problems. These findings highlight the
             importance of personality in accounting for cardiovascular
             health in African Americans.},
   Doi = {10.1016/s0027-9684(15)30496-x},
   Key = {pmid20191921}
}

@article{fds250716,
   Author = {Chae, DH and Krieger, N and Bennett, GG and Lindsey, JC and Stoddard,
             AM and Barbeau, EM},
   Title = {Implications of discrimination based on sexuality, gender,
             and race/ethnicity for psychological distress among
             working-class sexual minorities: the United for Health
             Study, 2003-2004.},
   Journal = {International Journal of Health Services : Planning,
             Administration, Evaluation},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {589-608},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0020-7314},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/hs.40.4.b},
   Keywords = {Adult • Bisexuality • Boston • Female •
             Health Status Disparities* • Heterosexuality •
             Homosexuality • Humans • Labor Unions •
             Linear Models • Male • Middle Aged • Minority
             Groups • Multivariate Analysis • Prejudice* •
             Risk Factors • Socioeconomic Factors • Stress,
             Psychological • epidemiology • epidemiology*
             • ethnology • etiology • psychology •
             psychology* • statistics & numerical
             data},
   Abstract = {This study investigated the distribution of demographic
             characteristics, the prevalence of discrimination based on
             sexuality, gender, and race, and relationships with
             psychological distress among 178 working-class sexual
             minorities (i.e., who identified as lesbian, gay, or
             bisexual (LGB) or had ever engaged in same-sex sexual
             behaviors) recruited to the United for Health Study
             (2003-2004). The results indicated considerable
             heterogeneity in responses to items assessing sexual
             orientation and sexual behavior, with a majority of sexual
             minority participants not identifying as LGB (74.2%). The
             authors found significant demographic differences in LGB
             identification by gender, race/ethnicity, nativity, and
             socioeconomic factors. In addition, LGB participants had
             higher levels of psychological distress than
             non-LGB-identified sexual minorities. Linear regression
             analyses revealed that reports of racial/ethnic
             discrimination and sexuality discrimination were associated
             with higher levels of psychological distress among sexual
             minority participants. The results underscore the need to
             collect multiple measures of sexuality in conducting
             research on racially diverse working-class communities; to
             consider demographic factors in collecting sexuality data;
             and to disaggregate information on sexuality by LGB
             identification. Findings also highlight the importance of
             addressing discrimination in ameliorating problematic mental
             health outcomes among working-class sexual
             minorities.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2190/hs.40.4.b},
   Key = {fds250716}
}

@article{fds185505,
   Author = {Hasson R and Marquez D and Bennett GG and Freedson P and Braun
             B.},
   Title = {Psychological Responses to Acute Exercise in Sedentary Black
             and White Individuals},
   Year = {2010},
   Key = {fds185505}
}

@article{pmid21058533,
   Author = {Chae, D. H. and Krieger, N. and Bennett, G. G. and Lindsey,
             J. C. and Stoddard, A. M. and Barbeau, E.
             M.},
   Title = {{I}mplications of discrimination based on sexuality, gender,
             and race/ethnicity for psychological distress among
             working-class sexual minorities: the {U}nited for {H}ealth
             {S}tudy, 2003-2004},
   Journal = {Int J Health Serv},
   Volume = {40},
   Pages = {589--608},
   Year = {2010},
   Abstract = {This study investigated the distribution of demographic
             characteristics, the prevalence of discrimination based on
             sexuality, gender, and race, and relationships with
             psychological distress among 178 working-class sexual
             minorities (i.e., who identified as lesbian, gay, or
             bisexual (LGB) or had ever engaged in same-sex sexual
             behaviors) recruited to the United for Health Study
             (2003-2004). The results indicated considerable
             heterogeneity in responses to items assessing sexual
             orientation and sexual behavior, with a majority of sexual
             minority participants not identifying as LGB (74.2%). The
             authors found significant demographic differences in LGB
             identification by gender, race/ethnicity, nativity, and
             socioeconomic factors. In addition, LGB participants had
             higher levels of psychological distress than
             non-LGB-identified sexual minorities. Linear regression
             analyses revealed that reports of racial/ethnic
             discrimination and sexuality discrimination were associated
             with higher levels of psychological distress among sexual
             minority participants. The results underscore the need to
             collect multiple measures of sexuality in conducting
             research on racially diverse working-class communities; to
             consider demographic factors in collecting sexuality data;
             and to disaggregate information on sexuality by LGB
             identification. Findings also highlight the importance of
             addressing discrimination in ameliorating problematic mental
             health outcomes among working-class sexual
             minorities.},
   Key = {pmid21058533}
}

@article{pmid20932303,
   Author = {Wolin, KY and Fagin, C and Ufere, N and Tuchman, H and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Physical activity in US Blacks: A systematic review and
             critical examination of self-report instruments},
   Journal = {The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and
             Physical Activity},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {73},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1479-5868},
   url = {http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4372 Duke open
             access},
   Abstract = {Background: Physical activity self-report instruments in the
             US have largely been developed for and validated in White
             samples. Despite calls to validate existing instruments in
             more diverse samples, relatively few instruments have been
             validated in US Blacks. Emerging evidence suggests that
             these instruments may have differential validity in Black
             populations.Purpose: This report reviews and evaluates the
             validity and reliability of self-reported measures of
             physical activity in Blacks and makes recommendations for
             future directions.Methods: A systematic literature review
             was conducted to identify published reports with construct
             or criterion validity evaluated in samples that included
             Blacks. Studies that reported results separately for Blacks
             were examined.Results: The review identified 10 instruments
             validated in nine manuscripts. Criterion validity
             correlations tended to be low to moderate. No study has
             compared the validity of multiple instruments in a single
             sample of Blacks.Conclusion: There is a need for efforts
             validating self-report physical activity instruments in
             Blacks, particularly those evaluating the relative validity
             of instruments in a single sample. © 2010 Wolin et al;
             licensee BioMed Central Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1186/1479-5868-7-73},
   Key = {pmid20932303}
}

@article{pmid20186766,
   Author = {Lathan, CS and Okechukwu, C and Drake, BF and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Racial differences in the perception of lung cancer: The
             2005 Health Information National Trends Survey},
   Journal = {Cancer},
   Volume = {116},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {1981-1986},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0008-543X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.24923},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in lung cancer have been
             described well in the literature; however, little is known
             about perceptions of lung cancer in the general population
             and whether these perceptions differ by race. METHODS: Data
             were obtained from the 2005 Health Information National
             Trends Survey (HINTS) survey. The authors used a sample
             design of random digit dialing of listed telephone exchanges
             in the United States. Complete interviews were conducted
             with 5491 adults, including 1872 respondents who were
             assigned to receive questions pertaining to lung cancer. All
             analyses were conducted on this subset of respondents. A
             statistical software program was used to calculate
             chi-square tests and to perform logistic regression analyses
             that would model racial differences in perceptions of lung
             cancer. All estimates were weighted to be nationally
             representative of the US population; a jack-knife weighting
             method was used for parameter estimation. RESULTS: Black
             patients and white patients shared many of the same beliefs
             about lung cancer mortality, and etiology. African Americans
             were more likely than whites 1) to agree that it is hard to
             follow recommendations about preventing lung cancer (odds
             ratio [OR], 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.53),
             2) to avoid an evaluation for lung cancer for fear that they
             have the disease (OR, 3.32; 95% CI, 1.84-5.98), and 3) to
             believe that patients with lung cancer would have pain or
             other symptoms before diagnosis (OR, 2.20; 95% CI,
             1.27-3.79). CONCLUSIONS: African Americans were more likely
             to hold beliefs about lung cancer that could interfere with
             prevention and treatment. © 2010 American Cancer
             Society.},
   Doi = {10.1002/cncr.24923},
   Key = {pmid20186766}
}

@article{fds200763,
   Author = {KY Wolin and C Fagin and N Ufere and H Tuchman and GG
             Bennett},
   Title = {Physical activity in US Blacks: a systematic review and
             critical examination of self-report instruments.},
   Journal = {The international journal of behavioral nutrition and
             physical activity},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {73},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1479-5868},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-7-73},
   Keywords = {Adult • Bisexuality • Boston • Female •
             Health Status Disparities* • Heterosexuality •
             Homosexuality • Humans • Labor Unions •
             Linear Models • Male • Middle Aged • Minority
             Groups • Multivariate Analysis • Prejudice* •
             Risk Factors • Socioeconomic Factors • Stress,
             Psychological • epidemiology • epidemiology*
             • ethnology • etiology • psychology •
             psychology* • statistics & numerical
             data},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Physical activity self-report instruments in the
             US have largely been developed for and validated in White
             samples. Despite calls to validate existing instruments in
             more diverse samples, relatively few instruments have been
             validated in US Blacks. Emerging evidence suggests that
             these instruments may have differential validity in Black
             populations. OBJECTIVE: This report reviews and evaluates
             the validity and reliability of self-reported measures of
             physical activity in Blacks and makes recommendations for
             future directions. METHODS: A systematic literature review
             was conducted to identify published reports with construct
             or criterion validity evaluated in samples that included
             Blacks. Studies that reported results separately for Blacks
             were examined. RESULTS: The review identified 10 instruments
             validated in nine manuscripts. Criterion validity
             correlations tended to be low to moderate. No study has
             compared the validity of multiple instruments in a single
             sample of Blacks. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for efforts
             validating self-report physical activity instruments in
             Blacks, particularly those evaluating the relative validity
             of instruments in a single sample.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1479-5868-7-73},
   Key = {fds200763}
}

@article{pmid19944922,
   Author = {Shelton, RC and Puleo, E and Bennett, GG and McNeill, LH and Goldman,
             RE and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Racial discrimination and physical activity among
             low-income-housing residents.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {541-545},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0749-3797},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.07.018},
   Abstract = {Although discrimination has been identified as a potential
             determinant of existing racial/ethnic health disparities, no
             studies have investigated whether racial discrimination
             contributes to disparities in physical activity.The primary
             aim of the current study was to examine the association
             between interpersonal racial discrimination and physical
             activity.Baseline data were collected during 2004-2005 among
             a predominately black and Hispanic sample of adult residents
             living in 12 low-income-housing sites in Boston MA (n=1055).
             Residents reported experiences of lifetime racial
             discrimination during interviewer-administered surveys and
             wore a pedometer for 5 days to measure physical activity.
             For analyses, performed in 2009, linear regression models
             with a cluster design were conducted to predict physical
             activity, measured as steps per day.Nearly 48% of
             participants reported ever experiencing racial
             discrimination, and discrimination was most commonly
             experienced on the street or in a public setting. No
             association was found between discrimination and physical
             activity, when examined in bivariate, multivariable, or
             race-stratified models.The current results indicate that
             self-reported racial discrimination is not a key determinant
             of physical activity among residents living in low-income
             housing. However, additional research is warranted to
             address current limitations of this study.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2009.07.018},
   Key = {pmid19944922}
}

@article{fds200770,
   Author = {GG Bennett and KY Wolin and EM Puleo and LC Mâsse and AA
             Atienza},
   Title = {Awareness of national physical activity recommendations for
             health promotion among US adults.},
   Journal = {Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {1849-55},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1530-0315},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a52100},
   Keywords = {Cross-Sectional Studies • Exercise* • Female
             • Guidelines as Topic* • Health Communication
             • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice* • Health
             Promotion • Humans • Male • Middle Aged
             • Sex Factors • Socioeconomic Factors •
             United States},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: To examine whether knowledge of the 1995 Centers
             for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American
             College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) national physical activity
             recommendations varies by sociodemographic, behavioral, and
             communication-related factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional
             analyses of 2381 participants in the 2005 Health Information
             National Trends Survey, a national probability sample of the
             US population contacted via random-digit dial. RESULTS: Only
             a third of respondents were accurately knowledgeable of the
             CDC/ACSM physical activity recommendations. Recommendation
             knowledge was higher among women (OR = 1.70; 95% confidence
             interval (CI) = 1.35-2.14) than men, the employed compared
             with those not currently working (OR = 0.73; 95% CI =
             0.55-0.95), foreign-born individuals (OR = 1.62; 95% CI =
             1.15-2.30) compared with the US-born, and those meeting
             CDC/ACSM recommendations vs those who do not (OR = 0.74; 95%
             CI = 0.58-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: There is not widespread
             knowledge of the consensus national physical activity
             recommendations. These findings highlight the need for more
             effective campaigns to promote physical activity among the
             American public.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a52100},
   Key = {fds200770}
}

@article{pmid19727030,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Puleo, EM and Mâsse, LC and Atienza,
             AA},
   Title = {Awareness of national physical activity recommendations for
             health promotion among US adults.},
   Journal = {Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {1849-1855},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19727030},
   Abstract = {To examine whether knowledge of the 1995 Centers for Disease
             Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American College of
             Sports Medicine (ACSM) national physical activity
             recommendations varies by sociodemographic, behavioral, and
             communication-related factors.Cross-sectional analyses of
             2381 participants in the 2005 Health Information National
             Trends Survey, a national probability sample of the US
             population contacted via random-digit dial.Only a third of
             respondents were accurately knowledgeable of the CDC/ACSM
             physical activity recommendations. Recommendation knowledge
             was higher among women (OR = 1.70; 95% confidence interval
             (CI) = 1.35-2.14) than men, the employed compared with those
             not currently working (OR = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.55-0.95),
             foreign-born individuals (OR = 1.62; 95% CI = 1.15-2.30)
             compared with the US-born, and those meeting CDC/ACSM
             recommendations vs those who do not (OR = 0.74; 95% CI =
             0.58-0.96).There is not widespread knowledge of the
             consensus national physical activity recommendations. These
             findings highlight the need for more effective campaigns to
             promote physical activity among the American
             public.},
   Doi = {10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a52100},
   Key = {pmid19727030}
}

@article{fds250780,
   Author = {Greaney, ML and Quintiliani, LM and Warner, ET and King, DK and Emmons,
             KM and Colditz, GA and Glasgow, RE and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Weight management among patients at community health
             centers: The "be Fit, Be Well" study},
   Journal = {Obesity and Weight Management},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {222-228},
   Publisher = {MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1948-6553},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/obe.2009.0507},
   Doi = {10.1089/obe.2009.0507},
   Key = {fds250780}
}

@article{pmid19765309,
   Author = {McNeill, LH and Coeling, M and Puleo, E and Suarez, EG and Bennett, GG and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Colorectal cancer prevention for low-income,
             sociodemographically-diverse adults in public housing:
             baseline findings of a randomized controlled
             trial.},
   Journal = {Bmc Public Health},
   Volume = {9},
   Pages = {353},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1471-2458},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-353},
   Abstract = {This paper presents the study design, intervention
             components, and baseline data from Open Doors to Health, a
             study designed to address social contextual factors in
             colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention for low-income,
             racial/ethnic minority populations.A cluster randomized
             design with 12 housing sites as the primary sampling units
             was used: 6 sites were assigned to a "Peer-led plus
             Screening Access" (PL) condition, and 6 were assigned to
             "Screening Access only" (SCR) condition. Study-related
             outcomes were CRC screening, physical activity (measured as
             mean steps/day), and multivitamin use.At baseline
             (unweighted sample size = 1554), two-thirds self-reported
             that they were current with screening recommendations for
             CRC (corrected for medical records validation, prevalence
             was 52%), with half having received a colonoscopy (54%); 96%
             had health insurance. Mean steps per day was 5648 (se mean =
             224), and on average 28% of the sample reported regular
             multivitamin use. Residents reported high levels of social
             support [mean = 4.40 (se = .03)] and moderately extensive
             social networks [mean = 2.66 (se = .02)].Few studies have
             conducted community-based studies in public housing
             communities; these data suggest areas for improvement and
             future opportunities for intervention development and
             dissemination. Findings from the randomized trial will
             determine the effectiveness of the intervention on our
             health-related outcomes as well as inform future avenues of
             research.},
   Doi = {10.1186/1471-2458-9-353},
   Key = {pmid19765309}
}

@article{fds200767,
   Author = {DP Heil and GG Bennett and KS Bond, MD Webster and KY
             Wolin},
   Title = {Influence of activity monitor location and bout duration on
             free-living physical activity.},
   Journal = {Research quarterly for exercise and sport},
   Volume = {80},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {424-33},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0270-1367},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.07.018},
   Keywords = {Adult • Analysis of Variance • Energy Metabolism
             • Female • Humans • Male • Monitoring,
             Physiologic • Motor Activity* • Questionnaires
             • Time Factors • Walking • instrumentation*
             • physiology*},
   Abstract = {The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of
             the location (ankle, hip, wrist) where an activity monitor
             (AM) is worn and of the minimum bout duration (BD) on
             physical activity (PA) variables during free-living
             monitoring. Study 1 participants wore AMs at three locations
             for 1 day while wearing the Intelligent Device for Energy
             Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) system. Study 2
             participants wore AMs at the same locations for 3 days.
             Variables included time (T(MV), min/day) and AEE (AEE(MV)
             kcal/day) for each monitor location and BD above a
             moderate-vigorous (MV) intensity. T(MV) and AEE(MV) in Study
             1 were similar across AMs to IDEEA values at BD = 10 min, as
             was T(MV) in Study 2. This suggests that ankle-, wrist- and
             hip-worn AMs can provide similar PA outcome values during
             free-living monitoring at 10-min BDs.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2009.07.018},
   Key = {fds200767}
}

@article{pmid19791628,
   Author = {Heil, DP and Bennett, GG and Bond, KS and Webster, MD and Wolin,
             KY},
   Title = {Influence of activity monitor location and bout duration on
             free-living physical activity.},
   Journal = {Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport},
   Volume = {80},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {424-433},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0270-1367},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2009.10599580},
   Abstract = {The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of
             the location (ankle, hip, wrist) where an activity monitor
             (AM) is worn and of the minimum bout duration (BD) on
             physical activity (PA) variables during free-living
             monitoring. Study 1 participants wore AMs at three locations
             for 1 day while wearing the Intelligent Device for Energy
             Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) system. Study 2
             participants wore AMs at the same locations for 3 days.
             Variables included time (T(MV), min/day) and AEE (AEE(MV)
             kcal/day) for each monitor location and BD above a
             moderate-vigorous (MV) intensity. T(MV) and AEE(MV) in Study
             1 were similar across AMs to IDEEA values at BD = 10 min, as
             was T(MV) in Study 2. This suggests that ankle-, wrist- and
             hip-worn AMs can provide similar PA outcome values during
             free-living monitoring at 10-min BDs.},
   Doi = {10.1080/02701367.2009.10599580},
   Key = {pmid19791628}
}

@article{fds200772,
   Author = {GG Bennett and M Scharoun-Lee and R Tucker-Seeley},
   Title = {Will the public's health fall victim to the home foreclosure
             epidemic?},
   Journal = {PLoS medicine},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {e1000087},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1549-1676},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000087},
   Keywords = {Humans • Public Health • Socioeconomic Factors*
             • Stress, Psychological • United States •
             economics* • epidemiology* • etiology*},
   Abstract = {Evidence is lacking regarding effective and sustainable
             weight loss approaches for use in the primary care setting.
             We conducted a 12-week randomized controlled trial to
             evaluate the short-term efficacy of a web-based weight loss
             intervention among 101 primary care patients with obesity
             and hypertension. Patients had access to a comprehensive
             website that used a moderate-intensity weight loss approach
             designed specifically for web-based implementation. Patients
             also participated in four (two in-person and two telephonic)
             counseling sessions with a health coach. Intent-to-treat
             analysis showed greater weight loss at 3 months (-2.56 kg;
             95% CI -3.60, -1.53) among intervention participants (-2.28
             +/- 3.21 kg), relative to usual care (0.28 +/- 1.87 kg).
             Similar findings were observed among intervention completers
             (-3.05 kg; 95% CI -4.24, -1.85). High rates of participant
             retention (84%) and website utilization were observed, with
             the greatest weight loss found among those with a high
             frequency of website logins (quartile 4 vs. 1: -4.16 kg; 95%
             CI -1.47, -6.84). The intervention's approach promoted
             moderate weight loss at 12 weeks, though greater weight loss
             was observed among those with higher levels of website
             utilization. Efficacious web-based weight loss interventions
             can be successfully offered in the primary care
             setting.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pmed.1000087},
   Key = {fds200772}
}

@article{pmid19529755,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Scharoun-Lee, M and Tucker-Seeley,
             R},
   Title = {Will the public's health fall victim to the home foreclosure
             epidemic?},
   Journal = {Plos Medicine},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {e1000087},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19529755},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pmed.1000087},
   Key = {pmid19529755}
}

@article{fds200778,
   Author = {KY Wolin and GG Bennett and LH McNeill and G Sorensen and KM
             Emmons},
   Title = {Low discretionary time as a barrier to physical activity and
             intervention uptake.},
   Journal = {American journal of health behavior},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {563-9},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1087-3244},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.6.563},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Aged • Aged, 80 and over
             • Chronic Disease • Demography • Female
             • Health Promotion* • Humans • Male •
             Middle Aged • Motor Activity* • Social Class*
             • Time Factors • Urban Population • Young
             Adult • prevention & control* • statistics &
             numerical data},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: To determine whether self-reported discretionary
             time was associated with physical activity and uptake of a
             physical activity promotion intervention in a multi-ethnic
             urban sample. METHODS: We examined the association of
             self-reported discretionary time with hours/week of
             leisure-time physical activity at baseline and physical
             activity intervention uptake. RESULTS: Low levels of
             discretionary time were significantly (P<0.01) associated
             with fewer hours/week (beta=-0.78, 95%CI=-1.34, -0.22) of
             physical activity at baseline. Discretionary time was not
             associated with physical activity intervention uptake.
             CONCLUSIONS: Lack of discretionary time may serve as barrier
             to physical activity, but its importance on intervention
             uptake is less clear.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.6.563},
   Key = {fds200778}
}

@article{fds250714,
   Author = {Whitfield, KE and Bromell, L and Bennett, G and Edwards,
             CL},
   Title = {Biobehavioral aspects on late-life morbidities},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {57-74},
   Publisher = {Springer Publishing Company},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0198-8794},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/0198-8794.29.57},
   Doi = {10.1891/0198-8794.29.57},
   Key = {fds250714}
}

@article{pmid19296777,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Glasgow, RE},
   Title = {The delivery of public health interventions via the
             Internet: actualizing their potential.},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Public Health},
   Volume = {30},
   Pages = {273-292},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0163-7525},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.031308.100235},
   Abstract = {The Internet increasingly serves as a platform for the
             delivery of public health interventions. The efficacy of
             Internet interventions has been demonstrated across a wide
             range of conditions. Much more work remains, however, to
             enhance the potential for broad population dissemination of
             Internet interventions. In this article, we examine the
             effectiveness of Internet interventions, with particular
             attention to their dissemination potential. We discuss
             several considerations (characterizing reach rates,
             minimizing attrition, promoting Web site utilization, use of
             tailored messaging and social networking) that may improve
             the implementation of Internet interventions and their
             associated outcomes. We review factors that may influence
             the adoption of Internet interventions in a range of
             potential dissemination settings. Finally, we present
             several recommendations for future research that highlight
             the potential importance of better understanding
             intervention reach, developing consensus regarding Web site
             usage metrics, and more broadly integrating Web 2.0
             functionality.},
   Doi = {10.1146/annurev.publhealth.031308.100235},
   Key = {pmid19296777}
}

@article{pmid19124867,
   Author = {Emmons, KM and Lobb, R and Puleo, E and Bennett, G and Stoffel, E and Syngal, S},
   Title = {Colorectal cancer screening: prevalence among low-income
             groups with health insurance.},
   Journal = {Health Affairs},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {169-177},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0278-2715},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.28.1.169},
   Abstract = {We examined the prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC)
             screening in a low-income, racial/ethnic minority sample,
             among whom 97 percent had health insurance that covered CRC
             screening. This is a model for examining the impact of
             health insurance on racial/ethnic disparities in screening.
             Screening rates (67 percent self-reported; 52 percent
             adjusted based on a validation substudy) were higher than
             among similar population-based samples who have lower levels
             of insurance coverage. There were no differences by
             race/ethnicity. This study suggests that insurance coverage
             for CRC screening should be considered as part of a
             comprehensive approach to address CRC disparities.},
   Doi = {10.1377/hlthaff.28.1.169},
   Key = {pmid19124867}
}

@article{pmid19493091,
   Author = {Ashe, M and Bennett, G and Economos, C and Goodman, E and Schilling, J and Quintiliani, L and Rosenbaum, S and Vincent, J and Must,
             A},
   Title = {Assessing coordination of legal-based efforts across
             jurisdictions and sectors for obesity prevention and
             control.},
   Journal = {The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics : a Journal of the
             American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics},
   Volume = {37 Suppl 1},
   Number = {SUPPL. 1},
   Pages = {45-54},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1073-1105},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-720X.2009.00391.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1748-720X.2009.00391.x},
   Key = {pmid19493091}
}

@article{pmid19493095,
   Author = {Must, A and Bennett, G and Economos, C and Goodman, E and Schilling, J and Quintiliani, L and Rosenbaum, S and Vincent, J and Ashe,
             M},
   Title = {Improving coordination of legal-based efforts across
             jurisdictions and sectors for obesity prevention and
             control.},
   Journal = {The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics : a Journal of the
             American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics},
   Volume = {37 Suppl 1},
   Number = {SUPPL. 1},
   Pages = {90-98},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1073-1105},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-720X.2009.00395.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1748-720X.2009.00395.x},
   Key = {pmid19493095}
}

@article{pmid19769005,
   Author = {Shelton, R. C. and Puleo, E. and Bennett, G. G. and McNeill,
             L. H. and Sorensen, G. and Emmons, K. M.},
   Title = {{T}he association between racial and gender discrimination
             and body mass index among residents living in lower-income
             housing},
   Journal = {Ethn Dis},
   Volume = {19},
   Pages = {251--257},
   Year = {2009},
   Abstract = {While our findings suggest that self-reported discrimination
             is not a key determinant of BMI among lower-income housing
             residents, these results should be considered in light of
             study limitations. Future researchers may want to
             investigate this association among other relevant samples,
             and other social contextual and cultural factors should be
             explored to understand how they contribute to
             disparities.},
   Key = {pmid19769005}
}

@article{fds250715,
   Author = {Shelton, RC and Puleo, E and Bennett, GG and McNeill, LH and Sorensen,
             G and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {The association between racial and gender discrimination and
             body mass index among residents living in lower-income
             housing},
   Journal = {Ethnicity & Disease},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {251-257},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {1049-510X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.07.018},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Aged • Body Mass
             Index* • Boston • Cluster Analysis • European
             Continental Ancestry Group • Female • Health
             Status Disparities • Health Surveys • Hispanic
             Americans • Humans • Male • Middle Aged
             • Obesity • Poverty • Prejudice* •
             Public Housing • Sex Factors • diagnosis •
             epidemiology • ethnology* • statistics & numerical
             data • statistics & numerical data*},
   Abstract = {Background: Research on the association between
             self-reported racial or gender discrimination and body mass
             index (BMI) has been limited and inconclusive to date,
             particularly among lower-income populations. Objectives: The
             aim of the current study was to examine the association
             between self-reported racial and gender discrimination and
             BMI among a sample of adult residents living in 12 urban
             lower-income housing sites in Boston, Masschusetts (USA).
             Methods: Baseline survey data were collected among 1,307
             (weighted N51907) study participants. For analyses, linear
             regression models with a cluster design were conducted using
             SUDAAN and SAS statistical software. Results: Our sample was
             predominately Black (weighted n=956) and Hispanic (weighted
             n=857), and female (weighted n=1420), with a mean age of
             49.3 (SE: .40) and mean BMI of 30.2 kg m-2 (SE: .19). Nearly
             47% of participants reported ever experiencing racial
             discrimination, and 24.8% reported ever experiencing gender
             discrimination. In bivariate and multivariable linear
             regression models, no main effect association was found
             between either racial or gender discrimination and BMI.
             Conclusions: While our findings suggest that self-reported
             discrimination is not a key determinant of BMI among
             lower-income housing residents, these results should be
             considered in light of study limitations. Future researchers
             may want to investigate this association among other
             relevant samples, and other social contextual and cultural
             factors should be explored to understand how they contribute
             to disparities.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.amepre.2009.07.018},
   Key = {fds250715}
}

@article{pmid19407807,
   Author = {Fowler-Brown, AG and Bennett, GG and Goodman, MS and Wee, CC and Corbie-Smith, GM and James, SA},
   Title = {Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks: The
             pitt county study},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {2106-2109},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.130},
   Abstract = {Adverse psychosocial exposures may partially drive the high
             rates of obesity among blacks. The objective of this study
             was to prospectively examine the relationship between
             perceived psychosocial stress and percent change in BMI
             among adult black men and women. We used data from 756 women
             and 416 men who were participants in the Pitt County Study,
             a community-based, prospective cohort study of blacks in
             eastern North Carolina. Participants were aged 25-50 years
             of age on entry into the study in 1988 and follow-up was
             obtained in 2001. Using multivariable linear regression, we
             calculated the adjusted mean percentage change in BMI over
             the follow-up period for each tertile of baseline measures
             of the Perceived Stress Scale (low, medium, and high),
             adjusted for potential confounders. For black women, higher
             levels of psychosocial stress at baseline predicted higher
             adjusted percentage increase in BMI over the 13-year
             follow-up: low stress 12.0% (95% CI 9.6-14.4), medium stress
             16.3% (95% CI 13.7-18.9), and high stress 15.5% (95% CI
             13.1-17.8). For black men, perceived stress was not
             associated with percent BMI change. These data suggest that
             interventions targeting obesity in black women should
             consider the potential impact of emotional stress on weight
             change.},
   Doi = {10.1038/oby.2009.130},
   Key = {pmid19407807}
}

@article{fds200769,
   Author = {LH McNeill and M Coeling and E Puleo and EG Suarez and GG Bennett and KM
             Emmons},
   Title = {Colorectal cancer prevention for low-income,
             sociodemographically-diverse adults in public housing:
             baseline findings of a randomized controlled
             trial.},
   Journal = {BMC public health},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {353},
   Year = {2009},
   ISSN = {1471-2458},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-353},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Aged • Body Mass
             Index* • Boston • Cluster Analysis • European
             Continental Ancestry Group • Female • Health
             Status Disparities • Health Surveys • Hispanic
             Americans • Humans • Male • Middle Aged
             • Obesity • Poverty • Prejudice* •
             Public Housing • Sex Factors • diagnosis •
             epidemiology • ethnology* • statistics & numerical
             data • statistics & numerical data*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: This paper presents the study design,
             intervention components, and baseline data from Open Doors
             to Health, a study designed to address social contextual
             factors in colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention for
             low-income, racial/ethnic minority populations. METHODS: A
             cluster randomized design with 12 housing sites as the
             primary sampling units was used: 6 sites were assigned to a
             "Peer-led plus Screening Access" (PL) condition, and 6 were
             assigned to "Screening Access only" (SCR) condition.
             Study-related outcomes were CRC screening, physical activity
             (measured as mean steps/day), and multivitamin use. RESULTS:
             At baseline (unweighted sample size = 1554), two-thirds
             self-reported that they were current with screening
             recommendations for CRC (corrected for medical records
             validation, prevalence was 52%), with half having received a
             colonoscopy (54%); 96% had health insurance. Mean steps per
             day was 5648 (se mean = 224), and on average 28% of the
             sample reported regular multivitamin use. Residents reported
             high levels of social support [mean = 4.40 (se = .03)] and
             moderately extensive social networks [mean = 2.66 (se =
             .02)]. CONCLUSIONS: Few studies have conducted
             community-based studies in public housing communities; these
             data suggest areas for improvement and future opportunities
             for intervention development and dissemination. Findings
             from the randomized trial will determine the effectiveness
             of the intervention on our health-related outcomes as well
             as inform future avenues of research.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1471-2458-9-353},
   Key = {fds200769}
}

@article{pmid18854501,
   Author = {Chae, D. H. and Takeuchi, D. T. and Barbeau, E. M. and Bennett, G. G. and Lindsey, J. C. and Stoddard, A. M. and Krieger, N.},
   Title = {{A}lcohol disorders among {A}sian {A}mericans: associations
             with unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and
             ethnic identification (the national {L}atino and {A}sian
             {A}mericans study, 2002-2003)},
   Journal = {J Epidemiol Community Health},
   Volume = {62},
   Pages = {973--979},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {November},
   Abstract = {Social hazards such as unfair treatment and racial/ethnic
             discrimination should be considered in the development of
             programmes addressing alcohol disorders among Asian
             Americans. Interventions that promote ethnic identification
             in this population may be particularly relevant in
             mitigating the negative influence of racial/ethnic
             discrimination on alcohol disorders.},
   Key = {pmid18854501}
}

@article{fds250712,
   Author = {Chae, DH and Takeuchi, DT and Barbeau, EM and Bennett, GG and Lindsey,
             JC and Stoddard, AM and Krieger, N},
   Title = {Alcohol disorders among Asian Americans: associations with
             unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic
             identification (the national Latino and Asian Americans
             study, 2002-2003).},
   Journal = {Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {973-979},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0143-005X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.066811},
   Keywords = {Adult • Alcohol-Related Disorders • Asian
             Americans • Cross-Sectional Studies • Culture
             • Female • Humans • Male • Prejudice*
             • Race Relations • United States •
             epidemiology • ethnology* • psychology •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine history of alcohol
             abuse/dependence disorder in relation to unfair treatment,
             racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identification
             among Asian Americans. DESIGN: Weighted multivariate
             analyses of cross-sectional national survey data predicting
             lifetime history of alcohol abuse/dependence disorders.
             SETTING: USA, Asian Americans. PARTICIPANTS: 2007 Asian
             American adults recruited to the National Latino and Asian
             American Study (NLAAS; 2002-2003). RESULTS: Controlling for
             sociodemographic characteristics, Asian Americans who
             reported experiencing unfair treatment had higher odds of
             history of alcohol abuse/dependence disorder (OR 5.26, 95%
             CI 1.90 to 14.56). Participants who reported high levels of
             ethnic identification had lower odds of history of alcohol
             abuse/dependence disorders (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.90).
             Ethnic identification moderated the influence of
             racial/ethnic discrimination (p = 0.097). Among participants
             with low levels of ethnic identification, racial/ethnic
             discrimination was associated with greater odds of having a
             history of alcohol disorder compared with those with high
             levels of ethnic identification. CONCLUSIONS: Social hazards
             such as unfair treatment and racial/ethnic discrimination
             should be considered in the development of programmes
             addressing alcohol disorders among Asian Americans.
             Interventions that promote ethnic identification in this
             population may be particularly relevant in mitigating the
             negative influence of racial/ethnic discrimination on
             alcohol disorders.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1136/jech.2007.066811},
   Key = {fds250712}
}

@article{fds200776,
   Author = {KY Wolin and DP Heil and S Askew and CE Matthews and GG
             Bennett},
   Title = {Validation of the International Physical Activity
             Questionnaire-Short among Blacks.},
   Journal = {Journal of physical activity & health},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {746-60},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1543-3080},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.066811},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans* • Aged • Boston
             • Exercise* • Female • Humans •
             Internationality* • Male • Middle Aged •
             Monitoring, Ambulatory • Questionnaires • Young
             Adult • instrumentation • standards*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: The International Physical Activity
             Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-S) has been evaluated against
             accelerometer-determined physical activity measures in small
             homogenous samples of adults in the United States. There is
             limited information about the validity of the IPAQ-S in
             diverse US samples. METHODS: 142 Blacks residing in
             low-income housing completed the IPAQ-S and wore an
             accelerometer for up to 6 days. Both 1- and 10-minute
             accelerometer bouts were used to define time spent in light,
             moderate, and vigorous physical activity. RESULTS: We found
             fair agreement between the IPAQ-S and accelerometer-determined
             physical activity (r=.26 for 10-minute bout, r=.36 for
             1-minute bout). Correlations were higher among men than
             women. When we classified participants as meeting physical
             activity recommendations, agreement was low (kappa=.04,
             10-minute; kappa=.21, 1-minute); only 25% of individuals
             were classified the same by both instruments (10-minute
             bout). CONCLUSIONS: In one of the few studies to assess the
             validity of a self-reported physical activity measure among
             Blacks, we found moderate correlations with accelerometer
             data, though correlations were weaker for women.
             Correlations were smaller when IPAQ-S data were compared
             using a 10- versus a 1-minute bout definition. There was
             limited evidence for agreement between the instruments when
             classifying participants as meeting physical activity
             recommendations.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1136/jech.2007.066811},
   Key = {fds200776}
}

@article{fds200787,
   Author = {GG Bennett and KY Wolin and CA Okechukwu and CM Arthur and S Askew and G
             Sorensen, KM Emmons},
   Title = {Nativity and cigarette smoking among lower income blacks:
             results from the Healthy Directions Study.},
   Journal = {Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for
             Minority Public Health},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {305-11},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {1557-1912},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-007-9088-0},
   Keywords = {Acculturation • Africa • African Americans* •
             Caribbean Region • Cross-Cultural Comparison •
             Emigration and Immigration • Female • Humans
             • Male • Middle Aged • Poverty • Smoking
             • United States • epidemiology • ethnology
             • ethnology* • statistics & numerical data •
             statistics & numerical data*},
   Abstract = {Blacks in the United States bear the greatest disease burden
             associated with cigarette smoking. Previous studies have
             shown that the rapidly increasing population of foreign-born
             Blacks has lower smoking rates compared to their native-born
             counterparts. However, less is known about whether cigarette
             smoking among Blacks varies by region of birth (US, Africa,
             or the Caribbean), generational status, or acculturation. We
             examined the association between nativity and cigarette
             smoking among 667 Black adult men and women enrolled in the
             Harvard Cancer Prevention Program project. In multi-variable
             analyses, US-born Blacks were more likely to be smokers
             compared to those born in the Caribbean (OR = 0.16, 95% CI
             0.08, and 0.34) or in Africa (OR = 0.24, 95% CI 0.08, and
             0.74). Language acculturation was positively associated with
             cigarette smoking (OR = 2.62, 95% CI 1.17, and 5.85). We
             found that US-born Blacks were more likely to be current
             cigarette smokers than those born in either Caribbean or
             African countries. Our findings highlight the importance of
             intervening early new Black immigrants to stem the uptake of
             cigarette smoking behaviors as individuals become
             acculturated.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10903-007-9088-0},
   Key = {fds200787}
}

@article{fds200777,
   Author = {BF Drake and CS Lathan and CA Okechukwu and GG Bennett},
   Title = {Racial differences in prostate cancer screening by family
             history.},
   Journal = {Annals of epidemiology},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {579-83},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {1873-2585},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.02.004},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans* • Aged • Attitude
             to Health • European Continental Ancestry Group* •
             Family Health • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
             • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice • Health
             Surveys • Healthcare Disparities • Humans •
             Male • Mass Screening • Middle Aged •
             Prevalence • Prostate-Specific Antigen • Prostatic
             Neoplasms • Risk Factors • United States •
             analysis • diagnosis* • epidemiology •
             ethnology • ethnology* • genetics •
             utilization},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer (CaP) is disproportionately
             prevalent among black, compared to white, men. Additionally,
             men with a family history of CaP have 75% to 80% higher risk
             of CaP. Therefore we examined racial variation in the
             association of family history of CaP and self-reported
             prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in the
             nationally-representative National Health Interview Survey
             (NHIS). METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2005 NHIS,
             including the Cancer Control Module supplement. We
             restricted the study sample to men over the age of 40 who
             reported having "ever heard of a PSA test" (N = 1,744). Men
             were considered to have a positive family history if either
             their biological father or at least one biological brother
             had been diagnosed with CaP. SUDAAN 9.0 was used to perform
             descriptive and multivariable logistic regression analyses.
             RESULTS: Men with a family history of CaP were more likely
             to have a PSA test than those who never had a PSA test (odds
             ratio [OR] = 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3-2.5).
             Among blacks, men with a family history were not
             significantly more likely to have a PSA test. CONCLUSIONS:
             Despite having the highest risk of cancer, black men with a
             family history are not screened more than black men without
             a family history.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.02.004},
   Key = {fds200777}
}

@article{pmid18390023,
   Author = {Edwards, C. L. and Bennett, G. G. and Wolin, K. Y. and Johnson, S. and Fowler, S. and Whitfield, K. E. and Askew,
             S. and MacKinnon, D. and McDougald, C. and Hubbard, R. and Wellington, C. and Feliu, M. and Robinson,
             E.},
   Title = {{M}isestimation of peer tobacco use: understanding
             disparities in tobacco use},
   Journal = {J Natl Med Assoc},
   Volume = {100},
   Pages = {299--302},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {March},
   Abstract = {80% increase in the risk of smoking. These data highlight
             the need to correct misinformation regarding smoking norms
             among students at some HBCUs.},
   Key = {pmid18390023}
}

@article{pmid18382032,
   Author = {Wolin, K. Y. and Bennett, G. G.},
   Title = {{I}nterrelations of socioeconomic position and occupational
             and leisure-time physical activity in the {N}ational
             {H}ealth and {N}utrition {E}xamination {S}urvey},
   Journal = {J Phys Act Health},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {229--241},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {March},
   Abstract = {Our findings lend preliminary support to the hypothesis that
             OPA is an important determinant of LTPA, particularly in
             men. This provides additional support to calls for
             assessment of OPA, particularly among individuals of low
             social class.},
   Key = {pmid18382032}
}

@article{fds200781,
   Author = {DH Chae and DT Takeuchi and EM Barbeau and GG Bennett and J Lindsey and N
             Krieger},
   Title = {Unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, ethnic
             identification, and smoking among Asian Americans in the
             National Latino and Asian American Study.},
   Journal = {American journal of public health},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {485-92},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1541-0048},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2006.102012},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Aged • Aged, 80 and over
             • Asian Americans* • Attitude to Health •
             Continental Population Groups* • Cross-Sectional
             Studies • Ethnic Groups • Female • Health
             Behavior • Hispanic Americans* • Humans •
             Male • Middle Aged • Prejudice* • Risk
             Factors • Risk-Taking • Smoking •
             Socioeconomic Factors • United States •
             epidemiology • epidemiology* • ethnology •
             psychology},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: We examined the relations of self-report of
             general unfair treatment and self-report of
             race/ethnicity-specific discrimination with current smoking
             among Asian Americans. We investigated whether ethnic
             identification moderated either association. METHODS:
             Weighted logistic regressions were performed among 1977
             Asian Americans recruited to the National Latino and Asian
             American Study (2002-2003). RESULTS: In weighted
             multivariate logistic regression models including both
             general unfair treatment and racial/ethnic discrimination,
             odds of current smoking were higher among Asian Americans
             who reported high levels of unfair treatment (odds ratio
             [OR]=2.80; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.13, 6.95) and high
             levels of racial/ethnic discrimination (OR=2.40; 95%
             CI=0.94, 6.12) compared with those who reported no unfair
             treatment and discrimination, respectively. High levels of
             ethnic identification moderated racial/ethnic discrimination
             (F(3) =3.25; P =.03). High levels of ethnic identification
             were associated with lower probability of current smoking
             among participants reporting high levels of racial/ethnic
             discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that
             experiences of unfair treatment and racial/ethnic
             discrimination are risk factors for smoking among Asian
             Americans. Efforts to promote ethnic identification may be
             effective in mitigating the influence of racial/ethnic
             discrimination on smoking in this population.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2006.102012},
   Key = {fds200781}
}

@article{fds250772,
   Author = {Edwards, CL and Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Johnson, S and Fowler, S and Whitfield, KE and Askew, S and MacKinnon, D and McDougald, C and Hubbard, R and Wellington, C and Feliu, M and Robinson,
             E},
   Title = {Misestimation of peer tobacco use: understanding disparities
             in tobacco use.},
   Journal = {Journal of the National Medical Association},
   Volume = {100},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {299-302},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1943-4693},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18390023},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • African Americans •
             Attitude to Health • Cross-Sectional Studies •
             Female • Health Behavior • Health Knowledge,
             Attitudes, Practice • Health Status Disparities* •
             Health Surveys • Humans • Male • Middle Aged
             • Peer Group* • Research Design • Risk
             Factors • Risk-Taking • Smoking • Social
             Perception* • Students • Tobacco Use Disorder
             • United States • Universities • epidemiology
             • epidemiology* • statistics & numerical data
             • statistics & numerical data*},
   Abstract = {Blacks experience disproportionately elevated rates of
             tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. Blacks experience
             delayed smoking initiation relative to other racial/ethnic
             groups, highlighting the importance of examining smoking
             correlates occurring in late adolescence/early adulthood.
             The current study reports data collected as part of an
             ongoing collaborative effort to assess alcohol and drug use
             on the campuses of historically black colleges and
             universities (HBCUs). Two-thousand, two-hundred,
             seventy-seven African-American subjects, aged 20.3 +/- 3.9
             (range 18-53), completed the CORE Alcohol and Drug survey
             and a brief demographic questionnaire. Results indicated
             that 90% of all subjects overestimated the rate of smoking
             among their peers. Overestimating was associated with a >
             80% increase in the risk of smoking. These data highlight
             the need to correct misinformation regarding smoking norms
             among students at some HBCUs.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1016/s0027-9684(15)31242-6},
   Key = {fds250772}
}

@article{fds290501,
   Author = {Merritt, M and Roethel, A and Roche, K and Edwards, CL and Bennett, GG and Koenig, HG and Abdullah, M},
   Title = {A non-linear role of religiosity in cardiovascular
             reactivity to personally-relevant stress? The moderating
             role of educational attainment},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {35},
   Pages = {S127-S127},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000259245500492&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290501}
}

@article{fds250711,
   Author = {Wolin, KY and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Interrelations of socioeconomic position and occupational
             and leisure-time physical activity in the national health
             and nutrition examination survey},
   Journal = {Journal of Physical Activity & Health},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {229-241},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1543-3080},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.6.563},
   Keywords = {Adult • Exercise • Female • Humans •
             Leisure Activities • Linear Models • Male •
             Nutrition Surveys* • Occupations • Social Class*
             • United States • economics*},
   Abstract = {Background: The interrelations between various physical
             activity domains have received little empirical attention in
             the United States. Of particular interest, given, the
             potential applicability to traditionally underserved
             communities, is the nature of the association between
             occupational physical activity (OPA) and leisure-time
             physical activity (LTPA). Methods: 5448 adult men and women
             who participated in NHANES 1999-2000 were included in
             analyses. Linear regression was used to examine the
             bivariate and multivariable associations of OPA and
             education with LTPA. Generalized logit models were used to
             examine the association of education with OPA. Results: We
             found no association between education and LTPA. OPA was
             significantly positively associated with LTPA (P &lt; .001
             ). The association between OPA and. LTPA was not strongest
             among those with low education and held only for men in
             gender-stratified analysis. Education was inversely
             associated with OPA (P &lt; .00.1) in multivariable
             analysis. Conclusions: Our findings lend preliminary support
             to the hypothesis that OPA is an important determinant of
             LTPA, particularly in men. This provides additional support
             to calls for assessment of OPA, particularly among
             individuals of low social class.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.6.563},
   Key = {fds250711}
}

@article{pmid18442336,
   Author = {Wolin, KY and Bennett, GG and McNeill, LH and Sorensen, G and Emmons,
             KM},
   Title = {Low discretionary time as a barrier to physical activity and
             intervention uptake},
   Journal = {American Journal of Health Behavior},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {563-569},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1087-3244},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.6.563},
   Abstract = {Objective: To determine whether self-reported discretionary
             time was associated with physical activity and uptake of a
             physical activity promotion intervention in a multi-ethnic
             urban sample. Methods: We examined the association of
             self-reported discretionary time with hours/week of
             leisure-time physical activity at baseline and physical
             activity intervention uptake. Results: Low levels of
             discretionary time were significantly (P&lt;0.01) associated
             with fewer hours/week (β=-0.78, 95%CI= -1.34, -0.22) of
             physical activity at baseline. Discretionary time was not
             associated with physical activity intervention uptake.
             Conclusion: Lack of discretionary time may serve as barrier
             to physical activity, but its importance on intervention
             uptake is less clear.},
   Doi = {10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.6.563},
   Key = {pmid18442336}
}

@article{pmid18478340,
   Author = {Emmons, K and Puleo, E and McNeill, LH and Bennett, G and Chan, S and Syngal, S},
   Title = {Colorectal cancer screening awareness and intentions among
             low income, sociodemographically diverse adults under age
             50},
   Journal = {Cancer Causes & Control : Ccc},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {1031-1041},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0957-5243},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-008-9167-0},
   Abstract = {Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates in the US are
             suboptimal, particularly among lower income and
             racial/ethnically diverse groups. If specific populations
             have limited awareness of screening when they reach age 50,
             there may be delays in screening adoption. This study
             investigated sociodemographic and social contextual factors
             associated with awareness of CRC and intentions to be
             screened at age 50 among 692 low income, racial, and ethnic
             minority adults living in low income housing. The majority
             of respondents (62%) were between ages 30 and 49, and 94%
             had some form of health insurance (e.g., Medicaid). About
             70% reported having heard about CRC screening; 66% reported
             intentions to be screened at age 50. In multivariable
             analyses, screening awareness was associated with age and
             education. Immigrants who had English as a second language
             had lower awareness. Females tended to have higher awareness
             if they had private insurance; there were no differences
             among males. Multivariable analyses found that screening
             intentions were higher among men, those with more role
             responsibilities, more role conflicts, and higher levels of
             social cohesion. It is important to identify opportunities
             for maximizing screening uptake among those who become
             age-eligible for screening if we are to make a significant
             impact on CRC disparities. © 2008 Springer Science+Business
             Media B.V.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10552-008-9167-0},
   Key = {pmid18478340}
}

@article{pmid17924192,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Okechukwu, CA and Arthur, CM and Askew, S and Sorensen, G and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Nativity and cigarette smoking among lower income blacks:
             Results from the healthy directions study},
   Journal = {Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {305-311},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1557-1912},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-007-9088-0},
   Abstract = {Blacks in the United States bear the greatest disease burden
             associated with cigarette smoking. Previous studies have
             shown that the rapidly increasing population of foreign-born
             Blacks has lower smoking rates compared to their native-born
             counterparts. However, less is known about whether cigarette
             smoking among Blacks varies by region of birth (US, Africa,
             or the Caribbean), generational status, or acculturation. We
             examined the association between nativity and cigarette
             smoking among 667 Black adult men and women enrolled in the
             Harvard Cancer Prevention Program project. In multi-variable
             analyses, US-born Blacks were more likely to be smokers
             compared to those born in the Caribbean (OR = 0.16, 95% CI
             0.08, and 0.34) or in Africa (OR = 0.24, 95% CI 0.08, and
             0.74). Language acculturation was positively associated with
             cigarette smoking (OR = 2.62, 95% CI 1.17, and 5.85). We
             found that US-born Blacks were more likely to be current
             cigarette smokers than those born in either Caribbean or
             African countries. Our findings highlight the importance of
             intervening early new Black immigrants to stem the uptake of
             cigarette smoking behaviors as individuals become
             acculturated. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
             2007.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10903-007-9088-0},
   Key = {pmid17924192}
}

@article{pmid18820348,
   Author = {Wolin, KY and Heil, DP and Askew, S and Matthews, CE and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Validation of the international physical activity
             questionnaire-short among blacks},
   Journal = {Journal of Physical Activity & Health},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {746-760},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1543-3080},
   Abstract = {Background: The International Physical Activity
             Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-S) has been evaluated against
             accelerometer-determined physical activity measures in small
             homogenous samples of adults in the United States. There is
             limited information about the validity of the IPAQ-S in
             diverse US samples. Methods: 142 Blacks residing in
             low-income housing completed the IPAQ-S and wore an
             accelerometer for up to 6 days. Both 1 - and. 10-minute
             accelerometer bouts were used, to define time spent in
             light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity. Results: We
             found fair agreement between the IPAQ-S and
             accelerometer-determined physical activity (r = .26 for
             10-minute bout, r = .36 for 1-minute bout). Correlations
             were higher among men than women. When we classified
             participants as meeting physical activity recommendations,
             agreement was low (kappa = .04, 10-minute; kappa = .21,
             1-minute); only 25% of individuals were classified the same
             by both instruments (10-minute bout). Conclusions: In one of
             the few studies to assess the validity of a self-reported
             physical activity measure among Blacks, we found moderate
             correlations with accelerometer data, though correlations
             were weaker for women. Correlations were smaller when IPAQ-S
             data were compared using a 10- versus a 1-minute bout
             definition. There was limited evidence for agreement between
             the instruments when classifying participants as meeting
             physical activity recommendations. © 2008 Human Kinetics,
             Inc.},
   Key = {pmid18820348}
}

@article{pmid18486487,
   Author = {Drake, BF and Lathan, CS and Okechukwu, CA and Bennett,
             GG},
   Title = {Racial Differences in Prostate Cancer Screening by Family
             History},
   Journal = {Annals of Epidemiology},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {579-583},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1047-2797},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.02.004},
   Abstract = {Purpose: Prostate cancer (CaP) is disproportionately
             prevalent among black, compared to white, men. Additionally,
             men with a family history of CaP have 75% to 80% higher risk
             of CaP. Therefore we examined racial variation in the
             association of family history of CaP and self-reported
             prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in the
             nationally-representative National Health Interview Survey
             (NHIS). Methods: Data were obtained from the 2005 NHIS,
             including the Cancer Control Module supplement. We
             restricted the study sample to men over the age of 40 who
             reported having "ever heard of a PSA test" (N = 1,744). Men
             were considered to have a positive family history if either
             their biological father or at least one biological brother
             had been diagnosed with CaP. SUDAAN 9.0 was used to perform
             descriptive and multivariable logistic regression analyses.
             Results: Men with a family history of CaP were more likely
             to have a PSA test than those who never had a PSA test (odds
             ratio [OR] = 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3-2.5).
             Among blacks, men with a family history were not
             significantly more likely to have a PSA test. Conclusions:
             Despite having the highest risk of cancer, black men with a
             family history are not screened more than black men without
             a family history. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.02.004},
   Key = {pmid18486487}
}

@article{pmid18235073,
   Author = {Chae, DH and Takeuchi, DT and Barbeau, EM and Bennett, GG and Lindsey,
             J and Krieger, N},
   Title = {Unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, ethnic
             identification, and smoking among Asian Americans in the
             National Latino and Asian American study},
   Journal = {American Journal of Public Health},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {485-492},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0090-0036},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2006.102012},
   Abstract = {Objectives. We examined the relations of self-report of
             general unfair treatment and self-report of
             race/ethnicity-specific discrimination with current smoking
             among Asian Americans. We investigated whether ethnic
             identification moderated either association. Methods.
             Weighted logistic regressions were performed among 1977
             Asian Americans recruited to the National Latino and Asian
             American Study (2002-2003). Results. In weighted
             multivariate logistic regression models including both
             general unfair treatment and racial/ethnic discrimination,
             odds of current smoking were higher among Asian Americans
             who reported high levels of unfair treatment (odds ratio
             [OR] = 2.80; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.13, 6.95) and
             high levels of racial/ethnic discrimination (OR = 2.40; 95%
             CI = 0.94, 6.12) compared with those who reported no unfair
             treatment and discrimination, respectively. High levels of
             ethnic identification moderated racial/ethnic discrimination
             (F3 = 3.25; P = .03). High levels of ethnic identification
             were associated with lower probability of current smoking
             among participants reporting high levels of racial/ethnic
             discrimination. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that
             experiences of unfair treatment and racial/ethnic
             discrimination are risk factors for smoking among Asian
             Americans. Efforts to promote ethnic identification may be
             effective in mitigating the influence of racial/ethnic
             discrimination on smoking in this population.},
   Doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2006.102012},
   Key = {pmid18235073}
}

@article{pmid19300604,
   Author = {Edwards, C. L. and Raynor, R. D. and Feliu, M. and McDougald, C. and Johnson, S. and Schmechel, D. and Wood, M. and Bennett, G. G. and Saurona, P. and Bonner, M. and Wellington, C. and Decastro, L. M. and Whitworth, E. and Abrams, M. and Logue, P. and Edwards, L. and Martinez, S. and Whitfield, K. E.},
   Title = {{N}europsychological assessment, neuroimaging, and
             neuropsychiatric evaluation in pediatric and adult patients
             with sickle cell disease ({S}{C}{D})},
   Journal = {Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {705--709},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {December},
   Abstract = {Traditionally, neuropsychological deficits due to Sickle
             Cell Disease (SCD) have been understudied in adults. We have
             begun to suspect, however, that symptomatic and asymptomatic
             Cerebrovascular Events (CVE) may account for an alarming
             number of deficits in this population. In the current brief
             review, we critically evaluated the pediatric and adult
             literatures on the neurocognitive effects of SCD. We
             highlighted the studies that have been published on this
             topic and posit that early detection of CVE via
             neurocognitive testing, neuropsychiatric evaluations, and
             neuroimaging may significantly reduce adult cognitive and
             functional morbidities.},
   Key = {pmid19300604}
}

@article{fds250745,
   Author = {Edwards, CL and Raynor, RD and Feliu, M and McDougald, C and Johnson, S and Schmechel, D and Wood, M and Bennett, GG and Saurona, P and Bonner, M and Wellington, C and DeCastro, LM and Whitworth, E and Abrams, M and Logue,
             P and Edwards, L and Martinez, S and Whitfield, KE},
   Title = {Neuropsychological assessment, neuroimaging, and
             neuropsychiatric evaluation in pediatric and adult patients
             with sickle cell disease (SCD).},
   Journal = {Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {705-709},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1176-6328},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19300604},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Aged • Computers
             • Hispanic Americans • Humans • Middle Aged
             • Ownership • Poverty • Public Housing •
             Social Environment* • Urban Population •
             statistics & numerical data • statistics & numerical
             data* • utilization*},
   Abstract = {Traditionally, neuropsychological deficits due to Sickle
             Cell Disease (SCD) have been understudied in adults. We have
             begun to suspect, however, that symptomatic and asymptomatic
             Cerebrovascular Events (CVE) may account for an alarming
             number of deficits in this population. In the current brief
             review, we critically evaluated the pediatric and adult
             literatures on the neurocognitive effects of SCD. We
             highlighted the studies that have been published on this
             topic and posit that early detection of CVE via
             neurocognitive testing, neuropsychiatric evaluations, and
             neuroimaging may significantly reduce adult cognitive and
             functional morbidities.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.9.4.e35},
   Key = {fds250745}
}

@article{fds290497,
   Author = {Wolin, KY and Bennett, GG and James, SA},
   Title = {RACIAL SEGREGATION AND OBESITY AMONG BLACKS},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {33},
   Pages = {S30-S30},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000261185300114&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290497}
}

@article{pmid18020838,
   Author = {Richman, LS and Bennett, GG and Pek, J and Siegler, I and Williams,
             RB},
   Title = {Discrimination, dispositions, and cardiovascular responses
             to stress.},
   Journal = {Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of
             Health Psychology, American Psychological
             Association},
   Volume = {26},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {675-683},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0278-6133},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18020838},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE:Recent research suggests that past exposure to
             discrimination may influence perceptions of, and
             physiological responses to, new challenges. The authors
             examined how race and trait levels of hostility and optimism
             interact with past exposure to discrimination to predict
             physiological reactivity and recovery during an anger recall
             task. DESIGN:A community sample of 165 normotensive Black
             and White adults participated in an anger recall task while
             having their cardiovascular function monitored. MAIN OUTCOME
             MEASURES:Blood pressure and heart rate indicators of
             physiological reactivity and recovery. RESULTS AND
             CONCLUSION:Participants had higher reactivity and slower
             recovery to the anger recall task when they had high past
             discrimination, low cynicism, or high optimism. The pattern
             of effects was similar for both racial groups, but Blacks
             had more acute reactivity and slower recovery than Whites.
             These results are consistent with the perspective of
             discrimination as a chronic stressor that is related to
             acute stress responses, particularly for
             Blacks.},
   Doi = {10.1037/0278-6133.26.6.675},
   Key = {pmid18020838}
}

@article{pmid17958465,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and McNeill, LH and Wolin, KY and Duncan, DT and Puleo, E and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Safe to walk? Neighborhood safety and physical activity
             among public housing residents.},
   Journal = {Plos Medicine},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {1599-1607},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1549-1277},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040306},
   Abstract = {Despite its health benefits, physical inactivity is
             pervasive, particularly among those living in lower-income
             urban communities. In such settings, neighborhood safety may
             impact willingness to be regularly physically active. We
             examined the association of perceived neighborhood safety
             with pedometer-determined physical activity and physical
             activity self-efficacy.Participants were 1,180 predominantly
             racial/ethnic minority adults recruited from 12 urban
             low-income housing complexes in metropolitan Boston.
             Participants completed a 5-d pedometer data-collection
             protocol and self-reported their perceptions of neighborhood
             safety and self-efficacy (i.e., confidence in the ability to
             be physically active). Gender-stratified bivariate and
             multivariable random effects models were estimated to
             account for within-site clustering. Most participants
             reported feeling safe during the day, while just over
             one-third (36%) felt safe at night. We found no association
             between daytime safety reports and physical activity among
             both men and women. There was also no association between
             night-time safety reports and physical activity among men (p
             = 0.23) but women who reported feeling unsafe (versus safe)
             at night showed significantly fewer steps per day (4,302
             versus 5,178, p = 0.01). Perceiving one's neighborhood as
             unsafe during the day was associated with significantly
             lower odds of having high physical activity self-efficacy
             among both men (OR 0.40, p = 0.01) and women (OR 0.68, p =
             0.02).Residing in a neighborhood that is perceived to be
             unsafe at night is a barrier to regular physical activity
             among individuals, especially women, living in urban
             low-income housing. Feeling unsafe may also diminish
             confidence in the ability to be more physically active. Both
             of these factors may limit the effectiveness of physical
             activity promotion strategies delivered in similar
             settings.},
   Doi = {10.1371/journal.pmed.0040306},
   Key = {pmid17958465}
}

@article{pmid17228045,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and James, SA},
   Title = {Lifecourse socioeconomic position and weight change among
             blacks: The Pitt County study.},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {172-181},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.522},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: The elevated prevalence of obesity among U.S.
             blacks has been attributed to low socioeconomic position
             (SEP), despite inconsistent empirical findings. It is
             unclear whether low SEP at various lifecourse stages
             differentially influences adulthood BMI and BMI change.
             RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Among 1167 black adults in
             the Pitt County Study, we examined independent
             cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between SEP,
             measured in childhood and adulthood, and BMI and 13-year BMI
             change. Low vs. high childhood SEP was measured by parental
             occupation and childhood household deprivation; low vs. high
             adulthood SEP was assessed by employment status, education,
             and occupation. Using childhood and adulthood SEP, four
             lifecourse SEP categories were created: low-low, low-high,
             high-low, high-high. RESULTS: We found no consistent
             associations between SEP and BMI or BMI change among men.
             Among women, we observed the expected inverse association
             between SEP and BMI at baseline. In multivariable-adjusted
             analyses, socioeconomically advantaged women demonstrated
             larger 13-year increases in BMI: skilled vs. unskilled
             parental occupation (6.1 vs. 4.8 kg/m2, p = 0.04);
             college-educated vs. < high school (6.2 vs. 4.5 kg/m2, p =
             0.04); white-collar vs. blue-collar job (5.8 vs. 4.8 kg/m2,
             p = 0.05); and high-high vs. low-low lifecourse SEP (6.5 vs.
             4.6 kg/m2, p = 0.02). DISCUSSION: For women in this black
             cohort, lower SEP predicted earlier onset of obesity;
             however, low SEP was less predictive of BMI increases over
             time. Our findings demonstrate complex patterns of
             association between SEP and BMI change among black
             women.},
   Doi = {10.1038/oby.2007.522},
   Key = {pmid17228045}
}

@article{pmid17951215,
   Author = {Kontos, EZ and Bennett, GG and Viswanath, K},
   Title = {Barriers and facilitators to home computer and internet use
             among urban novice computer users of low socioeconomic
             position.},
   Journal = {Journal of Medical Internet Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {e31},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1438-8871},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9.4.e31},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing penetration of the
             Internet and amount of online health information, there are
             significant barriers that limit its widespread adoption as a
             source of health information. One is the "digital divide,"
             with people of higher socioeconomic position (SEP)
             demonstrating greater access and usage compared to those
             from lower SEP groups. However, as the access gap narrows
             over time and more people use the Internet, a shift in
             research needs to occur to explore how one might improve
             Internet use as well as website design for a range of
             audiences. This is particularly important in the case of
             novice users who may not have the technical skills,
             experience, or social connections that could help them
             search for health information using the Internet. The focus
             of our research is to investigate the challenges in the
             implementation of a project to improve health information
             seeking among low SEP groups. The goal of the project is not
             to promote health information seeking as much as to
             understand the barriers and facilitators to computer and
             Internet use, beyond access, among members of lower SEP
             groups in an urban setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to
             qualitatively describe participants' self-identified
             barriers and facilitators to computer and Internet use
             during a 1-year pilot study as well as the challenges
             encountered by the research team in the delivery of the
             intervention. METHODS: Between August and November 2005, 12
             low-SEP urban individuals with no or limited computer and
             Internet experience were recruited through a snowball
             sampling. Each participant received a free computer system,
             broadband Internet access, monthly computer training
             courses, and technical support for 1 year as the
             intervention condition. Upon completion of the study,
             participants were offered the opportunity to complete an
             in-depth semistructured interview. Interviews were
             approximately 1 hour in length and were conducted by the
             project director. The interviews were held in the
             participants' homes and were tape recorded for accuracy.
             Nine of the 12 study participants completed the
             semistructured interviews. Members of the research team
             conducted a qualitative analysis based on the transcripts
             from the nine interviews using the crystallization/immersion
             method. RESULTS: Nine of the 12 participants completed the
             in-depth interview (75% overall response rate), with three
             men and six women agreeing to be interviewed. Major barriers
             to Internet use that were mentioned included time
             constraints and family conflict over computer usage. The
             monthly training classes and technical assistance components
             of the intervention surfaced as the most important
             facilitators to computer and Internet use. The concept of
             received social support from other study members, such as
             assistance with computer-related questions, also emerged as
             an important facilitator to overall computer usage.
             CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study offers important insights into
             the self-identified barriers and facilitators in computer
             and Internet use among urban low-SEP novice users as well as
             the challenges faced by the research team in implementing
             the intervention.},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.9.4.e31},
   Key = {pmid17951215}
}

@article{pmid18093903,
   Author = {McNeill, L. H. and Puleo, E. and Bennett, G. G. and Emmons,
             K. M.},
   Title = {{E}xploring social contextual correlates of computer
             ownership and frequency of use among urban, low-income,
             public housing adult residents},
   Journal = {J. Med. Internet Res.},
   Volume = {9},
   Pages = {e35},
   Year = {2007},
   Abstract = {Disparities in computer ownership and use are narrowing,
             even among those with very low incomes; however, identifying
             factors that contribute to disparities in access for these
             groups will be necessary to ensure the efficacy of future
             technology-based interventions. A unique finding of our
             study is that it may be equally as important to consider
             specific social contextual factors when trying to increase
             access and use among low-income minorities, such as social
             network ties, household responsibilities, and neighborhood
             safety.},
   Key = {pmid18093903}
}

@article{fds250710,
   Author = {McNeill, LH and Puleo, E and Bennett, GG and Emmons,
             KM},
   Title = {Exploring social contextual correlates of computer ownership
             and frequency of use among urban, low-income, public housing
             adult residents},
   Journal = {Journal of Medical Internet Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {e35},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {1438-8871},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9.4.e35},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans • Aged • Computers
             • Hispanic Americans • Humans • Middle Aged
             • Ownership • Poverty • Public Housing •
             Social Environment* • Urban Population •
             statistics & numerical data • statistics & numerical
             data* • utilization*},
   Abstract = {Background: As advances in computer access continue to be
             made, there is a need to better understand the challenges of
             increasing access for racial/ethnic minorities, particularly
             among those with lower incomes. Larger social contextual
             factors, such as social networks and neighborhood factors,
             may influence computer ownership and the number of places
             where individuals have access to computers. Objectives: We
             examined the associations of sociodemographic and social
             contextual factors with computer ownership and frequency of
             use among 1554 adults living in urban public housing.
             Methods: Bivariate associations between dependent variables
             (computer ownership and regular computer use) and
             independent variables were used to build multivariable
             logistic models adjusted for age and site clusters. Results:
             Participants (N = total weighted size of 2270) were on
             average 51.0 (± 21.4) years old, primarily African American
             or Hispanic, and earned less than US $20000 per year. More
             than half owned a computer, and 42% were regular computer
             users. Reporting computer ownership was more likely if
             participants lived above the poverty level (OR = 1.78, 95%
             CI = 1.39-2.29), completed high school (OR = 2.46, 95% CI =
             1.70-3.55), were in financial hardship (OR = 1.38, 95% CI =
             1.06-1.81), were employed and supervised others (OR = 1.94,
             95% CI = 1.08-3.46), and had multiple role responsibilities
             (OR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.31-3.61). Regular computer use was
             more likely if participants were non-Hispanic (OR = 1.94,
             95% CI = 1.30-2.91), lived above the poverty level (OR =
             2.84, 95% CI = 1.90-4.24), completed high school (OR = 4.43,
             95% CI = 3.04-6.46), were employed and supervised others (OR
             = 2.41, 95% CI = 1.37-4.22), felt safe in their neighborhood
             (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.08-2.30), and had greater social
             network ties (OR = 3.09, 95% CI = 1.26-7.59). Conclusions:
             Disparities in computer ownership and use are narrowing,
             even among those with very low incomes; however, identifying
             factors that contribute to disparities in access for these
             groups will be necessary to ensure the efficacy of future
             technology-based interventions. A unique finding of our
             study is that it may be equally as important to consider
             specific social contextual factors when trying to increase
             access and use among low-income minorities, such as social
             network ties, household responsibilities, and neighborhood
             safety.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.9.4.e35},
   Key = {fds250710}
}

@article{pmid17655750,
   Author = {Kaphingst, KA and Bennett, GG and Sorensen, G and Kaphingst, KM and O'Neil, AE and McInnis, K},
   Title = {Body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors
             among members of an urban community fitness center: A
             questionnaire survey},
   Journal = {Bmc Public Health},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {181},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {1471-2458},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-181},
   Abstract = {Background. Development of effective behavioral
             interventions to promote weight control and physical
             activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public
             health priority. Community focused wellness organizations,
             such as YMCAs, could provide a unique channel with which to
             reach such populations. This study assessed health behaviors
             and related characteristics of members of an urban YMCA
             facility. Methods. We surveyed 135 randomly selected members
             of an urban YMCA facility in Massachusetts to examine
             self-reported (1) physical activity, (2) dietary behaviors,
             (3) body mass index, and (4) correlates of behavior change
             among short-term (i.e., one year or less) and long-term
             (i.e., more than one year) members. Chi-square tests were
             used to assess bivariate associations between variables, and
             multivariate linear regression models were fit to examine
             correlates of health behaviors and weight status. Results.
             Eighty-nine percent of short-term and 94% of long-term
             members reported meeting current physical activity
             recommendations. Only 24% of short-term and 19% of long-term
             members met fruit and vegetable consumption recommendations,
             however, and more than half were overweight or obese. Length
             of membership was not significantly related to weight
             status, dietary behaviors, or physical activity. Most
             respondents were interested in changing health behaviors, in
             the preparation stage of change, and had high levels of
             self-efficacy to change behaviors. Short-term members had
             less education (p = 0.02), lower household incomes (p =
             0.02), and were less likely to identify as white (p = 0.005)
             than long-term members. In multivariate models, females had
             lower BMI than males (p = 0.003) and reported less physical
             activity (p = 0.008). Physical activity was also inversely
             associated with age (p = 0.0004) and education (p = 0.02).
             Conclusion. Rates of overweight/obesity and fruit and
             vegetable consumption suggested that there is a need for a
             weight control intervention among members of an urban
             community YMCA. Membership in such a community wellness
             facility alone might not be sufficient to help members
             maintain a healthy weight. The data indicate that YMCA
             members are interested in making changes in their dietary
             and physical activity behaviors. Targeting newer YMCA
             members might be an effective way of reaching underserved
             populations. These data will help inform the development of
             a weight control intervention tailored to this setting. ©
             2007 Kaphingst et al; licensee BioMed Central
             Ltd.},
   Doi = {10.1186/1471-2458-7-181},
   Key = {pmid17655750}
}

@article{pmid17572959,
   Author = {McNeill, LH and Viswanath, K and Bennett, GG and Puleo, E and Emmons,
             KM},
   Title = {Feasibility of using a web-based nutrition intervention
             among residents of multiethnic working-class
             neighborhoods.},
   Journal = {Preventing Chronic Disease},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {A55},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {1545-1151},
   Abstract = {INTRODUCTION: Using the Internet to promote behavior change
             is becoming more desirable as Internet use continues to
             increase among diverse audiences. Yet we know very little
             about whether this medium is useful or about different
             strategies to encourage Internet use by various populations.
             This pilot study tested the usefulness of a Web-based
             intervention designed to deliver nutrition-related
             information to and increase fruit and vegetable consumption
             among adults from working-class neighborhoods. METHODS:
             Participants (N = 52) had access to the Web site for 6 weeks
             and received three e-mail reminders encouraging them to eat
             fruits and vegetables. The Web site provided information
             about overcoming barriers to healthy eating, accessing
             social support for healthy eating, setting goals for healthy
             eating, and maintaining a healthy diet, including recipes.
             We collected data on participants' use of the Web site,
             their Internet access and use, and their fruit and vegetable
             consumption. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was
             46 years, 73% were white, 46% did not have a college degree,
             and 12% had household incomes at or below 185% of the
             federal poverty index. They reported consuming an average of
             3.4 servings of fruits and vegetables per day. More than
             half of the participants owned a computer, 75% logged onto
             the Web site at least once, and those who visited the site
             averaged 3.8 visits and viewed an average of 24.5 pages. The
             number of log-ons per day declined over the study period;
             however, reminder e-mails appeared to motivate participants
             to return to the Web site. Roughly 74% of participants
             viewed information on goal setting, 72% viewed information
             on dietary tracking, and 56% searched for main course
             recipes. CONCLUSION: The results of this pilot study suggest
             that Internet-based health messages have the potential to
             reach a large percentage of adults from working-class
             neighborhoods who have access to the Internet.},
   Key = {pmid17572959}
}

@article{pmid17557975,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Askew, S and Fletcher, R and Emmons,
             KM},
   Title = {Immigration and obesity among lower income
             blacks},
   Journal = {Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {1391-1394},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {1930-7381},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.166},
   Abstract = {Objective: Our objective was to examine the associations of
             nativity, immigrant generation, and language acculturation
             with obesity among lower income black adult men and women.
             Research Methods and Procedures: Data from 551 black adult
             men and women were collected from participants in the
             Healthy Directions-Health Centers Study. Race/ethnicity and
             nativity were self-reported. Language acculturation was
             defined using participants' first language, preferred
             reading language, and language spoken at home. Mixed model
             logistic regression models were estimated to account for
             within-health center clustering. Results: Foreign-born
             blacks had a lower obesity risk, compared with all U.S.-born
             participants, in multivariable analyses [odds ratio (OR) =
             0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.38, 0.84]. Among
             U.S.-born participants, those with foreign-born parents were
             significantly less likely to be obese than individuals with
             U.S.-born parents (OR = 0.54; 95% CI, 0.37, 0.80).
             Low-moderate language acculturation also decreased the odds
             of being obese (OR = 0.45; 95% CI, 0.23, 0.88). Discussion:
             Our findings suggest a protective effect of foreign-born
             status and low-moderate language acculturation on obesity
             risk among lower income black immigrants. These data
             highlight the importance of more frequently examining
             nativity in obesity-related research conducted among blacks.
             Copyright © 2007 NAASO.},
   Doi = {10.1038/oby.2007.166},
   Key = {pmid17557975}
}

@article{fds200786,
   Author = {EZ Kontos and GG Bennett and K Viswanath},
   Title = {Barriers and facilitators to home computer and internet use
             among urban novice computer users of low socioeconomic
             position.},
   Journal = {Journal of medical Internet research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {e31},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {1438-8871},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9.4.e31},
   Keywords = {Boston • Humans • Internet* • Interviews as
             Topic • Microcomputers • Pilot Projects •
             Poverty* • Socioeconomic Factors* • Urban
             Population* • utilization*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing penetration of the
             Internet and amount of online health information, there are
             significant barriers that limit its widespread adoption as a
             source of health information. One is the "digital divide,"
             with people of higher socioeconomic position (SEP)
             demonstrating greater access and usage compared to those
             from lower SEP groups. However, as the access gap narrows
             over time and more people use the Internet, a shift in
             research needs to occur to explore how one might improve
             Internet use as well as website design for a range of
             audiences. This is particularly important in the case of
             novice users who may not have the technical skills,
             experience, or social connections that could help them
             search for health information using the Internet. The focus
             of our research is to investigate the challenges in the
             implementation of a project to improve health information
             seeking among low SEP groups. The goal of the project is not
             to promote health information seeking as much as to
             understand the barriers and facilitators to computer and
             Internet use, beyond access, among members of lower SEP
             groups in an urban setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to
             qualitatively describe participants' self-identified
             barriers and facilitators to computer and Internet use
             during a 1-year pilot study as well as the challenges
             encountered by the research team in the delivery of the
             intervention. METHODS: Between August and November 2005, 12
             low-SEP urban individuals with no or limited computer and
             Internet experience were recruited through a snowball
             sampling. Each participant received a free computer system,
             broadband Internet access, monthly computer training
             courses, and technical support for 1 year as the
             intervention condition. Upon completion of the study,
             participants were offered the opportunity to complete an
             in-depth semistructured interview. Interviews were
             approximately 1 hour in length and were conducted by the
             project director. The interviews were held in the
             participants' homes and were tape recorded for accuracy.
             Nine of the 12 study participants completed the
             semistructured interviews. Members of the research team
             conducted a qualitative analysis based on the transcripts
             from the nine interviews using the crystallization/immersion
             method. RESULTS: Nine of the 12 participants completed the
             in-depth interview (75% overall response rate), with three
             men and six women agreeing to be interviewed. Major barriers
             to Internet use that were mentioned included time
             constraints and family conflict over computer usage. The
             monthly training classes and technical assistance components
             of the intervention surfaced as the most important
             facilitators to computer and Internet use. The concept of
             received social support from other study members, such as
             assistance with computer-related questions, also emerged as
             an important facilitator to overall computer usage.
             CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study offers important insights into
             the self-identified barriers and facilitators in computer
             and Internet use among urban low-SEP novice users as well as
             the challenges faced by the research team in implementing
             the intervention.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2196/jmir.9.4.e31},
   Key = {fds200786}
}

@article{fds200788,
   Author = {KA Kaphingst and GG Bennett and G Sorensen and KM Kaphingst and AE
             O'Neil, K McInnis},
   Title = {Body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors
             among members of an urban community fitness center: a
             questionnaire survey.},
   Journal = {BMC public health},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {181},
   Year = {2007},
   ISSN = {1471-2458},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-181},
   Keywords = {Adult • Body Mass Index* • Exercise • Female
             • Fitness Centers • Food Habits • Fruit
             • Health Behavior* • Health Surveys • Humans
             • Male • Massachusetts • Middle Aged •
             Motor Activity • Overweight • Questionnaires
             • Self Efficacy • Socioeconomic Factors •
             Urban Health Services • Vegetables • physiology*
             • psychology* • utilization*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Development of effective behavioral
             interventions to promote weight control and physical
             activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public
             health priority. Community focused wellness organizations,
             such as YMCAs, could provide a unique channel with which to
             reach such populations. This study assessed health behaviors
             and related characteristics of members of an urban YMCA
             facility. METHODS: We surveyed 135 randomly selected members
             of an urban YMCA facility in Massachusetts to examine
             self-reported (1) physical activity, (2) dietary behaviors,
             (3) body mass index, and (4) correlates of behavior change
             among short-term (i.e., one year or less) and long-term
             (i.e., more than one year) members. Chi-square tests were
             used to assess bivariate associations between variables, and
             multivariate linear regression models were fit to examine
             correlates of health behaviors and weight status. RESULTS:
             Eighty-nine percent of short-term and 94% of long-term
             members reported meeting current physical activity
             recommendations. Only 24% of short-term and 19% of long-term
             members met fruit and vegetable consumption recommendations,
             however, and more than half were overweight or obese. Length
             of membership was not significantly related to weight
             status, dietary behaviors, or physical activity. Most
             respondents were interested in changing health behaviors, in
             the preparation stage of change, and had high levels of
             self-efficacy to change behaviors. Short-term members had
             less education (p = 0.02), lower household incomes (p =
             0.02), and were less likely to identify as white (p = 0.005)
             than long-term members. In multivariate models, females had
             lower BMI than males (p = 0.003) and reported less physical
             activity (p = 0.008). Physical activity was also inversely
             associated with age (p = 0.0004) and education (p = 0.02).
             CONCLUSIONS: Rates of overweight/obesity and fruit and
             vegetable consumption suggested that there is a need for a
             weight control intervention among members of an urban
             community YMCA. Membership in such a community wellness
             facility alone might not be sufficient to help members
             maintain a healthy weight. The data indicate that YMCA
             members are interested in making changes in their dietary
             and physical activity behaviors. Targeting newer YMCA
             members might be an effective way of reaching underserved
             populations. These data will help inform the development of
             a weight control intervention tailored to this
             setting.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1471-2458-7-181},
   Key = {fds200788}
}

@article{pmid17019918,
   Author = {Edwards, C. L. and Primm, A. and Johnson, S. and Feliu, M. and O'Garo, K. and Bennett, G. G. and Robinson, E. and McDougald, C. and Byrd, G. and Harrison, O. and Whitfield,
             K. and Killough, A. L.},
   Title = {{R}econsideration of the training of psychiatrists and
             mental health professionals: helping to make
             soup},
   Journal = {J Natl Med Assoc},
   Volume = {98},
   Pages = {1498--1500},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {September},
   Abstract = {For many years, we have known of deficits in our system of
             training mental health professionals, particularly in
             recognizing and integrating diversity. Recently, we have
             begun to understand that our literature must more
             authentically reflect the experiences of all people that we
             serve. The current paper suggests that a comprehensive
             biopsychosocial conceptualization of normal and abnormal
             behavior for all individuals is necessary to truly begin to
             reduce mental health disparities. The authors argue that
             factors such as racial, ethnic and cultural differences must
             be integrated into research before the literature will begin
             to change in a fashion that is beneficial to the mental
             health training process.},
   Key = {pmid17019918}
}

@article{fds200795,
   Author = {GG Bennett and KY Wolin and K Viswanath and S Askew and E Puleo and KM
             Emmons},
   Title = {Television viewing and pedometer-determined physical
             activity among multiethnic residents of low-income
             housing.},
   Journal = {American journal of public health},
   Volume = {96},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1681-5},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1541-0048},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.080580},
   Keywords = {Activities of Daily Living* • Adult • African
             Americans • Aged • Cross-Sectional Studies •
             Data Collection • Female • Health Promotion •
             Hispanic Americans • Humans • Male • Middle
             Aged • Physical Fitness* • Poverty •
             Television* • Urban Population •
             Walking},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between television
             viewing and pedometer-determined physical activity among
             predominantly racial/ethnic minority residents of low-income
             housing in metropolitan Boston in 2005. METHODS: We used
             mixed models to analyze the association between reported
             hours of television viewing and pedometer-determined steps
             per day among 486 adults. We also examined whether
             television viewing was associated with the achievement of
             10000 steps per day. RESULTS: There was a mean 3.6 hours of
             average daily television watching. In multivariable
             analyses, each hour of television viewing on an average day
             was associated with 144 (95% confidence interval [CI]= -276,
             -12) fewer steps per day and a decreased likelihood of
             accumulating 10,000 steps per day (odds ratio [OR]=0.84; 95%
             CI=0.71, 0.99). Weekday and weekend television viewing were
             each also associated with fewer steps per day. CONCLUSIONS:
             Average daily television viewing was associated with
             reductions in total pedometer-determined physical activity
             levels (approximately 520 steps per day) in this
             lower-income sample. As part of a comprehensive physical
             activity promotion plan, recommendations to reduce
             television viewing should be made.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2005.080580},
   Key = {fds200795}
}

@article{fds250754,
   Author = {Edwards, CL and Primm, A and Johnson, S and Feliu, M and O'Garo, K and Bennett, GG and Robinson, E and McDougald, C and Byrd, G and Harrison,
             O and Whitfield, K and Killough, AL},
   Title = {Reconsideration of the training of psychiatrists and mental
             health professionals: helping to make soup.},
   Journal = {Journal of the National Medical Association},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1498-1500},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1943-4693},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17019918},
   Keywords = {Cultural Diversity* • Ethnic Groups • Humans
             • Mental Health Services* • Psychiatry •
             Psychology • education* • psychology*},
   Abstract = {For many years, we have known of deficits in our system of
             training mental health professionals, particularly in
             recognizing and integrating diversity. Recently, we have
             begun to understand that our literature must more
             authentically reflect the experiences of all people that we
             serve. The current paper suggests that a comprehensive
             biopsychosocial conceptualization of normal and abnormal
             behavior for all individuals is necessary to truly begin to
             reduce mental health disparities. The authors argue that
             factors such as racial, ethnic and cultural differences must
             be integrated into research before the literature will begin
             to change in a fashion that is beneficial to the mental
             health training process.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1479-5868-3-40},
   Key = {fds250754}
}

@article{fds200796,
   Author = {GG Bennett and KY Wolin and JS Avrunin and AM Stoddard and G Sorensen and E
             Barbeau, KM Emmons},
   Title = {Does race/ethnicity moderate the association between job
             strain and leisure time physical activity?},
   Journal = {Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society
             of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {60-7},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15324796abm3201_7},
   Keywords = {Adult • Burnout, Professional • Ethnic Groups
             • Female • Humans • Leisure Activities*
             • Male • Motor Activity* • Questionnaires
             • Socioeconomic Factors • Workplace •
             epidemiology* • psychology* • statistics &
             numerical data*},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minorities report myriad barriers
             to regular leisure time physical activity (LTPA), including
             the stress and fatigue resulting from their occupational
             activities. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether an
             association exists between job strain and LTPA, and whether
             it is modified by race or ethnicity. METHODS: Data were
             collected from 1,740 adults employed in 26 small
             manufacturing businesses in eastern Massachusetts. LTPA and
             job strain data were self-reported. Adjusted mean hours of
             LTPA per week are reported. RESULTS: In age and gender
             adjusted analyses, reports of job strain were associated
             with LTPA. There was a significant interaction between job
             strain and race or ethnicity (p = .04). Whites experiencing
             job strain reported 1 less hr of LTPA per week compared to
             Whites not reporting job strain. Collectively, racial/ethnic
             minorities reporting job strain exhibited comparatively
             higher levels of LTPA compared to their counterparts with no
             job strain, although patterns for individual groups did not
             significantly differ. CONCLUSIONS: Job strain was associated
             with LTPA in a lower income, multiethnic population of
             healthy adult men and women. The association between job
             strain and LTPA was modified by race or ethnicity,
             highlighting the importance of investigating the
             differential effects of psychosocial occupational factors on
             LTPA levels by race or ethnicity.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1207/s15324796abm3201_7},
   Key = {fds200796}
}

@article{pmid16895300,
   Author = {Edwards, C. and Wood, M. and Robinson, E. and Byrd, G. and Bennett, G. G. and Whitfield, K.},
   Title = {{R}esponse to "{T}he need for logical application-based
             extensions in sickle cell disease research findings to
             changing lives in the ethnic context"},
   Journal = {J Natl Med Assoc},
   Volume = {98},
   Pages = {1207},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {July},
   Key = {pmid16895300}
}

@article{fds250708,
   Author = {Edwards, C and Wood, M and Robinson, E and Byrd, G and Bennett, GG and Whitfield, K},
   Title = {Response to "The need for logical application-based
             extensions in sickle cell disease research findings to
             changing lives in the ethnic context".},
   Journal = {Journal of the National Medical Association},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {1207},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {1943-4693},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16895300},
   Keywords = {Adaptation, Psychological* • Anemia, Sickle Cell •
             Case-Control Studies • Female • Humans • Male
             • Pain • Parents • Research Design •
             Substance-Related Disorders • complications •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {For many years, we have known of deficits in our system of
             training mental health professionals, particularly in
             recognizing and integrating diversity. Recently, we have
             begun to understand that our literature must more
             authentically reflect the experiences of all people that we
             serve. The current paper suggests that a comprehensive
             biopsychosocial conceptualization of normal and abnormal
             behavior for all individuals is necessary to truly begin to
             reduce mental health disparities. The authors argue that
             factors such as racial, ethnic and cultural differences must
             be integrated into research before the literature will begin
             to change in a fashion that is beneficial to the mental
             health training process.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1479-5868-3-40},
   Key = {fds250708}
}

@article{pmid16719608,
   Author = {Merritt, M. M. and Bennett, G. G. and Williams, R. B. and Edwards, C. L. and Sollers, J. J.},
   Title = {{P}erceived racism and cardiovascular reactivity and
             recovery to personally relevant stress},
   Journal = {Health Psychol},
   Volume = {25},
   Pages = {364--369},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {May},
   Abstract = {This study evaluated cardiovascular responses (CVR) to an
             active speech task with blatantly discriminatory (BRC)
             versus neutral (NRC) stimuli and an anger recall task in a
             sample of Black men (N = 73; age 18 to 47). Diastolic blood
             pressure scores were higher for NRC versus BRC stimuli
             during anger recall (p = .05). Moreover, persons in the NRC
             group who perceived high levels of racism (vs. no racism or
             BRC group) during active speech showed larger increases in
             blood pressure across postspeech rest, anger recall, and
             subsequent rest (p = .03). The notable elevation in CVR in
             response to an ambiguous event extends current models of
             racism suggesting that subtle racism is a psychosocial
             stressor that erodes health through chronically elevated
             CVR.},
   Key = {pmid16719608}
}

@article{fds250740,
   Author = {Merritt, MM and Bennett, GG and Williams, RB and Edwards, CL and Sollers, JJ},
   Title = {Perceived racism and cardiovascular reactivity and recovery
             to personally relevant stress.},
   Journal = {Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of
             Health Psychology, American Psychological
             Association},
   Volume = {25},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {364-369},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {May},
   ISSN = {0278-6133},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16719608},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • African Americans •
             Cardiovascular System* • Heart Rate • Humans
             • Hypertension • Male • Middle Aged •
             Prejudice* • Questionnaires • Social Perception*
             • Stress, Psychological • United States •
             diagnosis • physiopathology*},
   Abstract = {This study evaluated cardiovascular responses (CVR) to an
             active speech task with blatantly discriminatory (BRC)
             versus neutral (NRC) stimuli and an anger recall task in a
             sample of Black men (N = 73; age 18 to 47). Diastolic blood
             pressure scores were higher for NRC versus BRC stimuli
             during anger recall (p = .05). Moreover, persons in the NRC
             group who perceived high levels of racism (vs. no racism or
             BRC group) during active speech showed larger increases in
             blood pressure across postspeech rest, anger recall, and
             subsequent rest (p = .03). The notable elevation in CVR in
             response to an ambiguous event extends current models of
             racism suggesting that subtle racism is a psychosocial
             stressor that erodes health through chronically elevated
             CVR.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1037/0278-6133.25.3.364},
   Key = {fds250740}
}

@article{fds200798,
   Author = {GG Bennett and KY Wolin and E Puleo and KM Emmons},
   Title = {Pedometer-determined physical activity among multiethnic
             low-income housing residents.},
   Journal = {Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
   Volume = {38},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {768-73},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0195-9131},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000210200.87328.3f},
   Keywords = {Adult • Aged • Boston • Female • Health
             Behavior • Humans • Male • Middle Aged •
             Monitoring, Ambulatory • Motor Activity •
             Population Surveillance • Poverty • Public
             Housing* • Risk Factors • ethnology* •
             instrumentation* • physiology*},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize pedometer-determined
             physical activity among a predominantly racial and ethnic
             minority sample of adults residing in low-income housing.
             METHODS: Data were collected from 433 participants at
             baseline in a randomized colon cancer prevention
             intervention trial conducted within low-income housing
             communities. Using random effects models to control for
             clustering within housing sites, we examined variation in
             daily steps by several sociodemographic characteristics.
             RESULTS: Participants recorded a mean of 5326 (+/- 3871 SD)
             daily steps over a 5-d sampling period. Significantly lower
             levels of pedometer-determined physical activity were found
             among older-aged participants (P < 0.0001), women (P =
             0.02), those who were overweight and obese (P = 0.03), those
             reporting no weekly exercise (P = 0.04), as well as among
             nonworking individuals (P < 0.0001). No significant
             differences were found by education or income. In
             multivariable analyses, age, gender, body mass index, and
             employment status remained significantly associated with
             steps. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a high prevalence
             of physical inactivity among low-income housing residents.
             These data, derived from a well-characterized sample,
             provide useful estimates for the investigation of pedometers
             as measures of total accumulated physical activity among
             lower-income, racial and ethnic minority
             populations.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1249/01.mss.0000210200.87328.3f},
   Key = {fds200798}
}

@article{pmid16623079,
   Author = {Whitfield, KE and Brandon, DT and Robinson, E and Bennett, G and Merritt, M and Edwards, C},
   Title = {Sources of variability in John Henryism.},
   Journal = {Journal of the National Medical Association},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {641-647},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1943-4693},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16623079},
   Abstract = {To decompose sources of individual differences in coping as
             measured by John Henryism among African Americans.Analyses
             described in this study are based on the pairwise responses
             from 180 pairs of same-sex, African-American twin pairs who
             participated in the Carolina African-American Twins Study of
             Aging (CAATSA). The sample consisted of 85 monozygotic (MZ)
             and 95 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs.Environmental factors
             account for most of the variance (65%) in John Henryism
             scores, with the remaining variance attributable to additive
             genetic factors (35%). The test of the genetic component
             suggested that the 35% represented a statistically
             significant proportion of variance.The vast majority of
             recent studies on African Americans and health outcomes have
             focused on the impact of psychosocial factors on diseases
             such as hypertension and diabetes, with relatively little
             attention to possible genetic contributors. Previous
             research on psychosocial indices and their relationship to
             cardiovascular health among African Americans has focused on
             assessment and epidemiological explorations rather than
             understanding the etiology of variability in such
             measures.},
   Key = {pmid16623079}
}

@article{pmid16573309,
   Author = {Edwards, C and Whitfield, K and Sudhakar, S and Pearce, M and Byrd, G and Wood, M and Feliu, M and Leach-Beale, B and DeCastro, L and Whitworth,
             E and Abrams, M and Jonassaint, J and Harrison, MO and Mathis, M and Scott,
             L and Johnson, S and Durant, L and Holmes, A and Presnell, K and Bennett,
             G and Shelby, R and Robinson, E},
   Title = {Parental substance abuse, reports of chronic pain and coping
             in adult patients with sickle cell disease.},
   Journal = {Journal of the National Medical Association},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {420-428},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1943-4693},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16573309},
   Abstract = {There is increasing interest from a social learning
             perspective in understanding the role of parental factors on
             adult health behaviors and health outcomes. Our review
             revealed no studies, to date, that have evaluated the
             effects of parental substance abuse on reports of chronic
             pain and coping in adult patients with sickle cell disease
             (SCD). We explored the effects of parental substance
             (alcohol or drug) abuse on reports of the sensory, affective
             and summary indices of pain in 67 adult patients, mean age
             38.9 (13.5), with SCD. We also explored the effects of
             parental substance abuse on psychopathology associated with
             pain and active coping. Twenty-four percent of patients
             reported that their parent(s) abused substances. Patients
             whose parent(s) were characterized as substance abusers
             reported greater sensory (p=0.02), affective (p=0.01) and
             summary (VAS; p=0.02) indices of pain as compared to their
             counterparts, whose parent(s) were not characterized as
             substance abusers. Patients did not differ in average age,
             education or the propensity to respond in a socially
             acceptable manner. There was a significant trend towards
             patients who characterized their parents as abusers scoring
             higher than their counterparts on active coping. We propose
             a Social Learning Theory to explain the current findings and
             suggest a need for additional prospective research to
             simultaneously explore biological (genetic) and social
             factors that influence the interpretation, experience and
             reporting of chronic pain in adult patients with chronic
             disease.},
   Key = {pmid16573309}
}

@article{fds200799,
   Author = {GG Bennett and KY Wolin and M Goodman and M Samplin-Salgado and P
             Carter, S Dutton and R Hill and K Emmons},
   Title = {Attitudes Regarding Overweight, Exercise, and Health among
             Blacks (United States).},
   Journal = {Cancer causes & control : CCC},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {95-101},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0957-5243},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-005-0412-5},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • African Continental Ancestry
             Group • Aged • Aged, 80 and over • Attitude
             to Health* • Exercise • Female • Humans
             • Logistic Models • Male • Middle Aged •
             Overweight* • United States • psychology*},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: To investigate Blacks'views regarding the
             connections among overweight, exercise, and health. METHODS:
             A national randomized telephone survey of 986 US Blacks,
             conducted between 6 July 2004 and 15 July 2004. RESULTS: The
             majority (65%) of respondents reported their weight as
             average or underweight. Most participants also reported
             being regularly physically active in the last month (84.5%).
             The majority of participants reported believing that it is
             possible to be overweight and healthy. Most acknowledged the
             connection between exercise and health, and just over half
             of respondents identified the association between overweight
             and cancer risk. There was little sociodemographic variation
             in responses, although findings differed by self-reported
             overweight and physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Some Blacks
             may underestimate the extent of their overweight, perhaps
             resulting from the high prevalence of the condition in the
             population. Gaps exist in Blacks' recognition of the
             connection between weight and health, although the
             importance of exercise for health promotion was widely
             acknowledged. These data may highlight an important target
             for intervention attention.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10552-005-0412-5},
   Key = {fds200799}
}

@article{pmid17096859,
   Author = {Bennett, G. G. and Wolin, K. Y.},
   Title = {{S}atisfied or unaware? {R}acial differences in perceived
             weight status},
   Journal = {Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {40},
   Year = {2006},
   Abstract = {Weight status misperceptions among the overweight are more
             common among Blacks, and Hispanic men. The persistence of
             racial/ethnic differences after adjustment for medical
             diagnosis of overweight may suggest some resistance to
             physician weight counseling. Identifying strategies to
             correct weight status misperceptions status may be necessary
             to ensure the efficacy of clinical and public health obesity
             interventions conducted among these groups.},
   Key = {pmid17096859}
}

@article{fds250709,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY},
   Title = {Satisfied or unaware? Racial differences in perceived weight
             status},
   Journal = {The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and
             Physical Activity},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {40},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {1479-5868},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-3-40},
   Keywords = {Adult • African Americans* • Body Mass Index
             • Body Weight • Cross-Sectional Studies •
             Educational Status • Female • Humans •
             Longitudinal Studies • Male • Middle Aged •
             Multivariate Analysis • Obesity • Predictive Value
             of Tests • Risk Factors • Sex Factors •
             Social Class* • Socioeconomic Factors • economics*
             • epidemiology • ethnology* • etiology •
             physiology*},
   Abstract = {Background: Obesity is disproportionately prevalent among
             many racial/ ethnic minority communities. The efficacy of
             weight control efforts in these groups may depend on
             individual's ability to accurately perceive their weight
             status. We examined whether racial/ethnic differences exist
             in weight status misperception among overweight adults.
             Methods: Nationally-representative data from the National
             Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002
             were examined. Participants included overweight and obese
             adult men (n = 3115) and women (n = 3437). Weight status
             misperception was identified among respondents who
             self-reported being "about the right weight/ underweight."
             Results: Blacks (OR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.71, 2.54) were twice
             as likely and Hispanics (OR = 1.70, 95%CI: 1.33, 2.17) were
             70-percent more likely than Whites to misperceive their
             weight, in models adjusted for age, education, income,
             marital status, self-reported health, and self-reported
             medical diagnosis of overweight. Black overweight (OR =
             2.03, 95% CI: 1.26, 3.26) and obese (OR = 3.56, 95% CI:
             1.57, 8.11) women were considerably more likely to exhibit
             misperception compared to their White female counterparts.
             Odds of misperception were higher among overweight Black (OR
             = 2.20, 95%CI: 1.54, 3.15), Hispanic (OR = 1.89, 95% CI:
             1.30, 2.75), and obese Black men (OR = 2.84, 95% CI: 1.54,
             5.22), compared to White men. Conclusion: Weight status
             misperceptions among the overweight are more common among
             Blacks, and Hispanic men. The persistence of racial/ethnic
             differences after adjustment for medical diagnosis of
             overweight may suggest some resistance to physician weight
             counseling. Identifying strategies to correct weight status
             misperceptions status may be necessary to ensure the
             efficacy of clinical and public health obesity interventions
             conducted among these groups. © 2006 Bennett and Wolin;
             licensee BioMed Central Ltd.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1186/1479-5868-3-40},
   Key = {fds250709}
}

@article{pmid16411058,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Goodman, M and Samplin-Salgado, M and Carter, P and Dutton, S and Hill, R and Emmons, K},
   Title = {Attitudes regarding overweight, exercise, and health among
             Blacks (United States)},
   Journal = {Cancer Causes & Control : Ccc},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {95-101},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0957-5243},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-005-0412-5},
   Abstract = {Objective: To investigate Blacks'views regarding the
             connections among overweight, exercise, and health. Methods:
             A national randomized telephone survey of 986 US Blacks,
             conducted between 6 July 2004 and 15 July 2004. Results: The
             majority (65%) of respondents reported their weight as
             average or underweight. Most participants also reported
             being regularly physically active in the last month (84.5%).
             The majority of participants reported believing that it is
             possible to be overweight and healthy. Most acknowledged the
             connection between exercise and health, and just over half
             of respondents identified the association between overweight
             and cancer risk. There was little sociodemographic variation
             in responses, although findings differed by self-reported
             overweight and physical activity. Conclusions: Some Blacks
             may underestimate the extent of their overweight, perhaps
             resulting from the high prevalence of the condition in the
             population. Gaps exist in Blacks' recognition of the
             connection between weight and health, although the
             importance of exercise for health promotion was widely
             acknowledged. These data may highlight an important target
             for intervention attention. © Springer-Verlag
             2006.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10552-005-0412-5},
   Key = {pmid16411058}
}

@article{pmid16827630,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Avrunin, JS and Stoddard, AM and Sorensen,
             G and Barbeau, E and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Does race/ethnicity moderate the association between job
             strain and leisure time physical activity?},
   Journal = {Annals of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {60-67},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0883-6612},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15324796abm3201_7},
   Abstract = {Background: Racial/ethnic minorities report myriad barriers
             to regular leisure time physical activity (LTPA), including
             the stress and fatigue resulting from their occupational
             activities. Purpose: We sought to investigate whether an
             association exists between job strain and LTPA, and whether
             it is modified by race or ethnicity. Methods: Data were
             collected from 1,740 adults employed in 26 small
             manufacturing businesses in eastern Massachusetts. LTPA and
             job strain data were self-reported. Adjusted mean hours of
             LTPA per week are reported. Results: In age and gender
             adjusted analyses, reports of job strain were associated
             with LTPA. There was a significant interaction between job
             strain and race or ethnicity (p = .04). Whites experiencing
             job strain reported 1 less hr of LTPA per week compared to
             Whites not reporting job strain. Collectively, racial/ethnic
             minorities reporting job strain exhibited comparatively
             higher levels of LTPA compared to their counterparts with no
             job strain, although patterns for individual groups did not
             significantly differ. Conclusions: Job strain was associated
             with LTPA in a lower income, multiethnic population of
             healthy adult men and women. The association between job
             strain and LTPA was modified by race or ethnicity,
             highlighting the importance of investigating the
             differential effects of psychosocial occupational factors on
             LTPA levels by race or ethnicity. © 2006 by The Society of
             Behavioral Medicine.},
   Doi = {10.1207/s15324796abm3201_7},
   Key = {pmid16827630}
}

@article{pmid16679995,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Puleo, E and Emmons,
             KM},
   Title = {Pedometer-determined physical activity among multiethnic
             low-income housing residents},
   Journal = {Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise},
   Volume = {38},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {768-773},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0195-9131},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000210200.87328.3f},
   Abstract = {Purpose: We sought to characterize pedometer-determined
             physical activity among a predominantly racial and ethnic
             minority sample of adults residing in low-income housing.
             Methods: Data were collected from 433 participants at
             baseline in a randomized colon cancer prevention
             intervention trial conducted within low-income housing
             communities. Using random effects models to control for
             clustering within housing sites, we examined variation in
             daily steps by several sociodemographic characteristics.
             Results: Participants recorded a mean of 5326 (± 3871 SD)
             daily steps over a 5-d sampling period. Significantly lower
             levels of pedometer-determined physical activity were found
             among older-aged participants (P &lt; 0.0001), women (P =
             0.02), those who were overweight and obese (P = 0.03), those
             reporting no weekly exercise (P = 0.04), as well as among
             nonworking individuals (P &lt; 0.0001). No significant
             differences were found by education or income. In
             multivariable analyses, age, gender, body mass index, and
             employment status remained significantly associated with
             steps. Conclusions: These findings suggest a high prevalence
             of physical inactivity among low-income housing residents.
             These data, derived from a well-characterized sample,
             provide useful estimates for the investigation of pedometers
             as measures of total accumulated physical activity among
             lower-income, racial and ethnic minority populations.
             Copyright © 2006 by the American College of Sports
             Medicine.},
   Doi = {10.1249/01.mss.0000210200.87328.3f},
   Key = {pmid16679995}
}

@article{pmid16873736,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Viswanath, K and Askew, S and Puleo, E and Emmons, KM},
   Title = {Television viewing and pedometer-determined physical
             activity among multiethnic residents of low-income
             housing},
   Journal = {American Journal of Public Health},
   Volume = {96},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1681-1685},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0090-0036},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.080580},
   Abstract = {Objectives. We evaluated the association between television
             viewing and pedometer-determined physical activity among
             predominantly racial/ethnic minority residents of low-income
             housing in metropolitan Boston in 2005. Methods. We used
             mixed models to analyze the association between reported
             hours of television viewing and pedometer-determined steps
             per day among 486 adults. We also examined whether
             television viewing was associated with the achievement of
             10000 steps per day. Results. There was a mean 3.6 hours of
             average daily television watching. In multivariable
             analyses, each hour of television viewing on an average day
             was associated with 144(95% confidence interval [CI]
             =-276,-12) fewer steps per day and a decreased likelihood of
             accumulating 10000 steps per day (odds ratio [OR] = 0.84;
             95% CI = 0.71, 0.99). Weekday and weekend television viewing
             were each also associated with fewer steps per day.
             Conclusions. Average daily television viewing was associated
             with reductions in total pedometer-determined physical
             activity levels (approximately 520 steps per day) in this
             lower-income sample. As part of a comprehensive physical
             activity promotion plan, recommendations to reduce
             television viewing should be made.},
   Doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2005.080580},
   Key = {pmid16873736}
}

@article{fds200800,
   Author = {CH Kroenke and GG Bennett and C Fuchs and E Giovannucci and I Kawachi and E
             Schernhammer, MD Holmes and LD Kubzansky},
   Title = {Depressive symptoms and prospective incidence of colorectal
             cancer in women.},
   Journal = {American journal of epidemiology},
   Volume = {162},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {839-48},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0002-9262},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi302},
   Keywords = {Adenoma • Aged • Colonoscopy • Colorectal
             Neoplasms • Depression • Female • Follow-Up
             Studies • Health Surveys • Humans • Incidence
             • Middle Aged • Prospective Studies • United
             States • complications • epidemiology •
             epidemiology* • pathology • psychology*},
   Abstract = {The authors examined depressive symptoms and prospective
             incidence of colorectal cancer and distal colorectal
             adenomas in 81,612 women without prior cancer from the
             Nurses' Health Study; 400 cases of colorectal cancer and 680
             distal colorectal adenomas accrued between 1992 and the year
             2000. Depressive symptoms were assessed in 1992 and 1996
             with the five-question Mental Health Index (MHI-5), a
             subscale of the Short-Form 36 health status survey. Scores
             ranged from 0 to 100, and women with scores between 0 and 52
             were defined as having significant depressive
             symptomatology. The authors also created four categories
             across the range of Mental Health Index scores: 0-52, 53-75,
             76-85, and 86-100 (referent). Cox proportional hazards
             models were used to analyze the extent of depressive
             symptoms and colorectal events. Analyses were stratified by
             body mass index. In multivariate analyses with updated
             exposure, women with the highest levels of depressive
             symptoms had an elevated risk of incident colorectal cancer
             (hazard ratio = 1.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.97, 2.11)
             compared with women with the lowest levels of symptoms
             (p(trend) = 0.04). Associations appeared stronger in
             overweight women. However, depressive symptoms were
             unrelated to risk of colorectal adenomas. Associations are
             consistent with a possible role in late promotion of the
             disease.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1093/aje/kwi302},
   Key = {fds200800}
}

@article{pmid16207809,
   Author = {Kroenke, CH and Bennett, GG and Fuchs, C and Giovannucci, E and Kawachi,
             I and Schernhammer, E and Holmes, MD and Kubzansky,
             LD},
   Title = {Depressive symptoms and prospective incidence of colorectal
             cancer in women.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Epidemiology},
   Volume = {162},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {839-848},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0002-9262},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi302},
   Abstract = {The authors examined depressive symptoms and prospective
             incidence of colorectal cancer and distal colorectal
             adenomas in 81,612 women without prior cancer from the
             Nurses' Health Study; 400 cases of colorectal cancer and 680
             distal colorectal adenomas accrued between 1992 and the year
             2000. Depressive symptoms were assessed in 1992 and 1996
             with the five-question Mental Health Index (MHI-5), a
             subscale of the Short-Form 36 health status survey. Scores
             ranged from 0 to 100, and women with scores between 0 and 52
             were defined as having significant depressive
             symptomatology. The authors also created four categories
             across the range of Mental Health Index scores: 0-52, 53-75,
             76-85, and 86-100 (referent). Cox proportional hazards
             models were used to analyze the extent of depressive
             symptoms and colorectal events. Analyses were stratified by
             body mass index. In multivariate analyses with updated
             exposure, women with the highest levels of depressive
             symptoms had an elevated risk of incident colorectal cancer
             (hazard ratio = 1.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.97, 2.11)
             compared with women with the lowest levels of symptoms
             (p(trend) = 0.04). Associations appeared stronger in
             overweight women. However, depressive symptoms were
             unrelated to risk of colorectal adenomas. Associations are
             consistent with a possible role in late promotion of the
             disease.},
   Doi = {10.1093/aje/kwi302},
   Key = {pmid16207809}
}

@article{pmid16164814,
   Author = {Stoddard, A. M. and Krieger, N. and Barbeau, E. M. and Bennett, G. G. and Fay, M. E. and Sorensen, G. and Emmons,
             K.},
   Title = {{M}ethods and baseline characteristics of two
             group-randomized trials with multiracial and multiethnic
             working-class samples},
   Journal = {Prev Chronic Dis},
   Volume = {2},
   Pages = {A10},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {October},
   Abstract = {The two studies were successful in recruiting multiracial
             and multiethnic working-class participants. Researchers will
             find the estimates of the primary outcomes and their ICCs
             useful for planning future studies.},
   Key = {pmid16164814}
}

@article{pmid15671457,
   Author = {Bennett, G. G. and Wolin, K. Y. and Robinson, E. L. and Fowler, S. and Edwards, C. L.},
   Title = {{P}erceived racial/ethnic harassment and tobacco use among
             {A}frican {A}merican young adults},
   Journal = {Am J Public Health},
   Volume = {95},
   Pages = {238--240},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {February},
   Abstract = {We examined the association between perceived racial/ethnic
             harassment and tobacco use in 2129 African American college
             students in North Carolina. Age-adjusted and multivariate
             analyses evaluated the effect of harassment on daily and
             less-than-daily tobacco use. Harassed participants were
             twice as likely to use tobacco daily (odds ratio = 2.01; 95%
             confidence interval=1.94, 2.08) compared with those with no
             reported harassment experiences. Experiences of
             racial/ethnic harassment may contribute to tobacco use
             behaviors among some African American young
             adults.},
   Key = {pmid15671457}
}

@article{fds250761,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Wolin, KY and Robinson, EL and Fowler, S and Edwards,
             CL},
   Title = {Perceived racial/ethnic harassment and tobacco use among
             African American young adults.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Public Health},
   Volume = {95},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {238-240},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0090-0036},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15671457},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • African Americans •
             Cross-Cultural Comparison • Female • Health
             Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice • Health Surveys •
             Humans • Male • Middle Aged • North Carolina
             • Prejudice* • Questionnaires • Social
             Behavior* • Social Perception* • Tobacco Use
             Disorder • epidemiology • ethnology* •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {We examined the association between perceived racial/ethnic
             harassment and tobacco use in 2129 African American college
             students in North Carolina. Age-adjusted and multivariate
             analyses evaluated the effect of harassment on daily and
             less-than-daily tobacco use. Harassed participants were
             twice as likely to use tobacco daily (odds ratio = 2.01; 95%
             confidence interval=1.94, 2.08) compared with those with no
             reported harassment experiences. Experiences of
             racial/ethnic harassment may contribute to tobacco use
             behaviors among some African American young
             adults.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2105/ajph.2004.037812},
   Key = {fds250761}
}

@article{fds250741,
   Author = {Edwards, CL and Scales, MT and Loughlin, C and Bennett, GG and Harris-Peterson, S and De Castro and LM and Whitworth, E and Abrams, M and Feliu, M and Johnson, S and Wood, M and Harrison, O and Killough,
             A},
   Title = {A brief review of the pathophysiology, associated pain, and
             psychosocial issues in sickle cell disease.},
   Journal = {International Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {171-179},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1070-5503},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16083320},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Anemia, Sickle Cell •
             Child • Child Development • Chronic Disease •
             Family Relations • Humans • Interpersonal
             Relations* • Mental Health • Pain • Peer
             Group • Quality of Life* • Risk Factors •
             Social Support • complications* • etiology* •
             psychology*},
   Abstract = {Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic
             disorder of the blood. The disease produces significantly
             abnormal hemoglobin (Hgb) molecules in red blood cells
             (RBCs). The sickling of RBCs occurs when partially or
             totally deoxygenated Hgb molecules distort their normal disk
             shape, producing stiff, sticky, sickle-shaped cells that
             obstruct small blood vessels and produce vasoocclusion as
             well as the disruption of oxygen to body tissues. Because
             tissue damage can occur at multiple foci, patients with SCD
             are at risk for other medical complications including, but
             not limited to, delayed growth and sexual maturation; acute
             and chronic pulmonary dysfunction; stroke; aseptic necrosis
             of the hip, shoulders, or both; sickle cell retinopathy;
             dermal ulcers; and severe chronic pain. The chronicity of
             the illness combined with frequent hospitalizations for pain
             and other medical management can contribute significantly to
             impaired psychosocial functioning, altered intra- and
             interpersonal relationships, and reduced quality of life.
             Unlike previous qualitative reviews of SCD, this article
             describes the relevant clinical and research data on the
             relation between psychosocial functioning and SCD in adult
             and child populations. The authors discuss the significant
             role of psychosocial issues in the trajectory and management
             of the disease and conclude that understanding the
             pathophysiology of SCD without thoroughly understanding the
             equally important psychosocial influences is
             misunderstanding SCD.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1207/s15327558ijbm1203_6},
   Key = {fds250741}
}

@article{pmid16083320,
   Author = {Edwards, C. L. and Scales, M. T. and Loughlin, C. and Bennett, G. G. and Harris-Peterson, S. and De Castro and L. M. and Whitworth, E. and Abrams, M. and Feliu, M. and Johnson,
             S. and Wood, M. and Harrison, O. and Killough,
             A.},
   Title = {{A} brief review of the pathophysiology, associated pain,
             and psychosocial issues in sickle cell disease},
   Journal = {Int J Behav Med},
   Volume = {12},
   Pages = {171--179},
   Year = {2005},
   Abstract = {Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic
             disorder of the blood. The disease produces significantly
             abnormal hemoglobin (Hgb) molecules in red blood cells
             (RBCs). The sickling of RBCs occurs when partially or
             totally deoxygenated Hgb molecules distort their normal disk
             shape, producing stiff, sticky, sickle-shaped cells that
             obstruct small blood vessels and produce vasoocclusion as
             well as the disruption of oxygen to body tissues. Because
             tissue damage can occur at multiple foci, patients with SCD
             are at risk for other medical complications including, but
             not limited to, delayed growth and sexual maturation; acute
             and chronic pulmonary dysfunction; stroke; aseptic necrosis
             of the hip, shoulders, or both; sickle cell retinopathy;
             dermal ulcers; and severe chronic pain. The chronicity of
             the illness combined with frequent hospitalizations for pain
             and other medical management can contribute significantly to
             impaired psychosocial functioning, altered intra- and
             interpersonal relationships, and reduced quality of life.
             Unlike previous qualitative reviews of SCD, this article
             describes the relevant clinical and research data on the
             relation between psychosocial functioning and SCD in adult
             and child populations. The authors discuss the significant
             role of psychosocial issues in the trajectory and management
             of the disease and conclude that understanding the
             pathophysiology of SCD without thoroughly understanding the
             equally important psychosocial influences is
             misunderstanding SCD.},
   Key = {pmid16083320}
}

@article{fds250707,
   Author = {Stoddard, AM and Krieger, N and Barbeau, EM and Bennett, GG and Fay, ME and Sorensen, G and Emmons, K},
   Title = {Methods and baseline characteristics of two group-randomized
             trials with multiracial and multiethnic working-class
             samples.},
   Journal = {Preventing Chronic Disease},
   Volume = {2},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {A10},
   Year = {2005},
   ISSN = {1545-1151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi302},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • Aged • Ambulatory Care
             Facilities • European Continental Ancestry Group •
             Female • Health Behavior • Hispanic Americans
             • Humans • Income • Male • Massachusetts
             • Middle Aged • Occupational Health • Outcome
             and Process Assessment (Health Care)* • Patient
             Selection* • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
             • Socioeconomic Factors • United States •
             ethnology* • statistics & numerical data •
             utilization},
   Abstract = {INTRODUCTION: Few papers address the methodological
             challenges in recruiting participants for studies of cancer
             prevention interventions designed for multiracial and
             multiethnic working-class populations. This paper reports
             the results of the sample selection and survey methods for
             two group-randomized intervention studies. METHODS: The two
             group-randomized intervention studies, Healthy
             Directions-Small Business (HD-SB) and Healthy
             Directions-Health Centers (HD-HC), included a worksite-based
             study in 26 small manufacturing businesses and a study in 10
             outpatient health centers. We used selection and recruitment
             methods to obtain a multiracial and multiethnic
             working-class study sample. In 2000 and 2001, we assessed
             baseline measures of sociodemographic characteristics and
             behavioral outcomes by self-report. We then computed
             intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). RESULTS: Of the
             1740 participants in the HD-SB study, 68% were non-Hispanic
             whites, and 76% had working-class occupations. In the HD-HC
             study, 59% of 2219 participants were non-Hispanic whites.
             Among those who worked, 51% had working-class occupations.
             Large percentages of both samples reported not meeting
             recommended guidelines for the target behaviors. For
             example, 86% of members of both samples consumed fewer than
             the recommended five servings of fruits and vegetables per
             day. The ICCs for the four target behaviors in HD-SB were
             between 0.006 and 0.02. In the HD-HC study, the ICCs ranged
             from 0.0004 to 0.003. CONCLUSION: The two studies were
             successful in recruiting multiracial and multiethnic
             working-class participants. Researchers will find the
             estimates of the primary outcomes and their ICCs useful for
             planning future studies.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1093/aje/kwi302},
   Key = {fds250707}
}

@article{pmid15570679,
   Author = {Bennett, G. G. and Merritt, M. M. and Wolin, K.
             Y.},
   Title = {{E}thnicity, education, and the cortisol response to
             awakening: a preliminary investigation},
   Journal = {Ethn Health},
   Volume = {9},
   Pages = {337--347},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {November},
   Abstract = {These preliminary findings demonstrate significant ethnic
             and education-related differences in awakening cortisol
             secretion responses. Our data highlight the importance of
             considering ethnicity and the moderating effects of social
             class when examining the associations among social
             contextual factors and cortisol secretion.},
   Key = {pmid15570679}
}

@article{fds200804,
   Author = {GG Bennett and MM Merritt and KY Wolin},
   Title = {Ethnicity, education, and the cortisol response to
             awakening: a preliminary investigation.},
   Journal = {Ethnicity & health},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {337-47},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1355-7858},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1355785042000285366},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Adult • African Continental Ancestry
             Group* • Aged • Analysis of Variance •
             Biological Markers • Educational Status* •
             European Continental Ancestry Group* • Female •
             Humans • Hydrocortisone • Male • Middle Aged
             • Saliva • Stress, Psychological •
             Wakefulness • analysis • analysis* •
             chemistry • physiology* • physiopathology},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations among ethnicity,
             educational attainment, and cortisol secretion. METHODS:
             Participants include 63 white (n = 31) and African-American
             (n = 32) adult men and women. Subjects provided salivary
             cortisol samples immediately upon awakening and again, 30
             minutes later. RESULTS: Analyses adjusted for relevant
             covariates revealed a steeper awakening response among
             whites with higher education compared to other groups.
             Cortisol levels were significantly lower among
             African-American participants with lower levels of
             education. All effects were independent of perceived stress.
             CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary findings demonstrate
             significant ethnic and education-related differences in
             awakening cortisol secretion responses. Our data highlight
             the importance of considering ethnicity and the moderating
             effects of social class when examining the associations
             among social contextual factors and cortisol
             secretion.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1080/1355785042000285366},
   Key = {fds200804}
}

@article{fds250705,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Merritt, MM and Sollers, JJ and Edwards, CL and Whitfield, KE and Brandon, DT and Tucker, RD},
   Title = {Stress, coping, and health outcomes among African-Americans:
             A review of the John Henryism hypothesis},
   Journal = {Psychology & Health},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {369-383},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {0887-0446},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0887044042000193505},
   Abstract = {The John Henryism (JH) hypothesis argues that prolonged
             high-effort coping with chronic psychosocial stressors may
             be associated with elevated risk for negative health
             outcomes among those without sufficient socioeconomic
             resources. Early JH studies found a significant association
             between high JH, low socioeconomic status, and hypertension
             among African-Americans. More recently, these findings have
             been extended to a wide array of health status outcomes,
             including cardiovascular reactivity, neurohormonal
             secretion, and negative health behaviors. The present review
             provides a comprehensive overview of JHs conceptual bases
             and empirical support. Limitations of the construct are
             discussed and recommendations are made to guide future
             theoretical and research efforts in the area.},
   Doi = {10.1080/0887044042000193505},
   Key = {fds250705}
}

@article{fds200805,
   Author = {MM Merritt and GG Bennett and RB Williams and JJ Sollers 3rd and JF
             Thayer},
   Title = {Low educational attainment, John Henryism, and
             cardiovascular reactivity to and recovery from personally
             relevant stress.},
   Journal = {Psychosomatic medicine},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {49-55},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1534-7796},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1355785042000285366},
   Keywords = {Adaptation, Psychological* • Adult • African
             Continental Ancestry Group • Anger • Blood
             Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory • Blood Pressure*
             • Cardiovascular System • Educational Status*
             • Heart Rate* • Humans • Hypertension •
             Income • Male • Middle Aged • Models,
             Psychological • North Carolina • Occupations
             • Prejudice • Risk Factors • Socioeconomic
             Factors • Speech • Stress, Psychological •
             epidemiology • genetics • physiopathology* •
             psychology • psychology*},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE: The John Henryism hypothesis proposes that a high
             level of John Henryism (JH: high-effort coping with
             psychosocial demands) is predictive of hypertension at low
             but not high socioeconomic status (SES). The objectives of
             the present study were to determine whether high JH and low
             SES (education, income, job status, and job strain) were
             associated with increased cardiovascular responses to
             laboratory social stressors. METHODS: Subjects were 58
             normotensive, healthy black men age 23 to 47 years. The
             procedure included the completion of psychosocial
             questionnaires and participation in a psychophysiological
             reactivity protocol. The reactivity protocol involved the
             following experimental tasks and associated recovery
             periods: an active speech task and an anger recall task.
             Measures of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood
             pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), and rate pressure product
             (RPP) were obtained continuously using a Finapres
             beat-to-beat blood pressure monitor throughout the
             reactivity protocol. RESULTS: At high JH, low (compared with
             high) education level was linked with higher DBP during
             anger recall and final recovery, higher SBP during final
             recovery, and higher HR and RPP during speech preparation
             and final recovery (p <.05). Among subjects with low
             education, high (vs. low) JH was associated with higher SBP,
             HR, and RPP during final recovery (p <.05). CONCLUSIONS:
             John Henryism may increase the risk of cardiovascular
             disease among people with low education by increased
             cardiovascular reactivity and prolonged recovery to
             stress.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.1080/1355785042000285366},
   Key = {fds200805}
}

@article{fds250768,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Merritt, MM and Edwards, CL and Sollers,
             JJ},
   Title = {Perceived Racism and Affective Responses to Ambiguous
             Interpersonal Interactions among African American
             Men},
   Journal = {American Behavioral Scientist},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {963-976},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0002-7642},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002764203261070},
   Abstract = {The current study examined affective responses to ambiguous
             interpersonal interactions containing both ambiguous and
             overtly racist content. Participants included 74 African
             American males (ages 18-47), half of whom heard a depiction
             of a negative social interaction with blatantly racist
             content (BRC). The remaining participants heard a similar
             scenario containing no racist content (NRC). Negative affect
             scores were higher for those in the BRC group, yet
             individuals in the ambiguous (NRC) condition who reported
             perceptions of racism in the scenario showed greater
             negative affect reactivity than those who saw no racism in
             the scenario. Among those in the NRC group, self-reported
             past experiences with racial discrimination moderated the
             effect of perceived racism on negative affect. The authors
             conclude that the perception of racial discrimination, in
             particular when evaluating ambiguous situations, may have
             profound affective consequences for Black
             men.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0002764203261070},
   Key = {fds250768}
}

@article{pmid14747637,
   Author = {Merritt, MM and Bennett, GG and Williams, RB and Sollers, JJ and Thayer,
             JF},
   Title = {Low educational attainment, John Henryism, and
             cardiovascular reactivity to and recovery from personally
             relevant stress.},
   Journal = {Psychosomatic Medicine},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {49-55},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14747637},
   Abstract = {The John Henryism hypothesis proposes that a high level of
             John Henryism (JH: high-effort coping with psychosocial
             demands) is predictive of hypertension at low but not high
             socioeconomic status (SES). The objectives of the present
             study were to determine whether high JH and low SES
             (education, income, job status, and job strain) were
             associated with increased cardiovascular responses to
             laboratory social stressors.Subjects were 58 normotensive,
             healthy black men age 23 to 47 years. The procedure included
             the completion of psychosocial questionnaires and
             participation in a psychophysiological reactivity protocol.
             The reactivity protocol involved the following experimental
             tasks and associated recovery periods: an active speech task
             and an anger recall task. Measures of systolic blood
             pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate
             (HR), and rate pressure product (RPP) were obtained
             continuously using a Finapres beat-to-beat blood pressure
             monitor throughout the reactivity protocol.At high JH, low
             (compared with high) education level was linked with higher
             DBP during anger recall and final recovery, higher SBP
             during final recovery, and higher HR and RPP during speech
             preparation and final recovery (p <.05). Among subjects with
             low education, high (vs. low) JH was associated with higher
             SBP, HR, and RPP during final recovery (p <.05).John
             Henryism may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease
             among people with low education by increased cardiovascular
             reactivity and prolonged recovery to stress.},
   Doi = {10.1097/01.psy.0000107909.74904.3d},
   Key = {pmid14747637}
}

@article{fds250706,
   Author = {Bennett, GG and Merritt, MM and Wolin, KY},
   Title = {Ethnicity, education, and the cortisol response to
             awakening: A preliminary investigation},
   Journal = {Ethnicity and Health},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {337-347},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1355785042000285366},
   Abstract = {Objective. To explore the associations among ethnicity,
             educational attainment, and cortisol secretion. Design.
             Participants included 63 white (n = 31) and African-American
             (n = 32) adult men and women. Subjects provided salivary
             cortisol samples immediately upon awakening and again, 30
             minutes later. Results. Analyses adjusted for relevant
             covariates revealed a steeper awakening response among
             whites with higher education compared to other groups.
             Cortisol levels were significantly lower among
             African-American participants with lower levels of
             education. All effects were independent of perceived stress.
             Conclusions. These preliminary findings demonstrate
             significant ethnic and education-related differences in
             awakening cortisol secretion responses. Our data highlight
             the importance of considering ethnicity and the moderating
             effects of social class when examining the associations
             among social contextual factors and cortisol
             secretion.},
   Doi = {10.1080/1355785042000285366},
   Key = {fds250706}
}

@article{fds290502,
   Author = {Merritt, MM and Bennett, GG and Williams, RB},
   Title = {Religiosity enhances cardiovascular reactivity among black
             males with low education},
   Journal = {Psychosomatic Medicine},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {139-139},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0033-3174},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000085423800227&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds290502}
}

@article{pmid10611780,
   Author = {Lasane, T. P. and Howard, W. L. and Czopp, A. M. and Sweigard, P. N. and Bennett, G. G. and Carvajal,
             F.},
   Title = {{H}ypermasculinity and academic goal-setting: an exploratory
             study},
   Journal = {Psychol Rep},
   Volume = {85},
   Pages = {487--496},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {October},
   Abstract = {The relation between gender-role percepts and academic
             goal-setting was explored. An inventory examining the
             aspects of masculinity that would facilitate or inhibit
             academic goal-setting was developed based on a literature
             review of how masculinity relates to academic behaviors. A
             diverse sample of students (120 male, 147 female, 14 not
             indicating sex) was measured on three aspects of sex and
             academic goal-setting behavior. Factor analysis confirmed
             the content validity of masculine factors having
             facilitative (Mastery Competitiveness) and inhibitory
             (Antisocial Competitiveness) academic properties. Regression
             analyses indicated that sex-role orientations
             (Competitiveness and Hypermasculinity) significantly
             predicted academic goal-setting behaviors (R2 = .136).
             Finally, men scored higher than women on the subscales
             measuring Hypermasculinity and Antisocial or
             Competitiveness, while there were no sex differences on the
             Mastery Competitiveness subscale. The implications of these
             findings and suggestions for research are
             discussed.},
   Key = {pmid10611780}
}

@article{fds250704,
   Author = {Lasane, TP and Howard, WL and Czopp, AM and Sweigard, PN and Bennett,
             GG and Carvajal, F},
   Title = {Hypermasculinity and academic goal-setting: an exploratory
             study.},
   Journal = {Psychological Reports},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {487-496},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {0033-2941},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1999.85.2.487},
   Keywords = {Adolescent • Competitive Behavior • Female •
             Gender Identity* • Goals* • Humans •
             Learning* • Male • Questionnaires • Self
             Concept*},
   Abstract = {The relation between gender-role percepts and academic
             goal-setting was explored. An inventory examining the
             aspects of masculinity that would facilitate or inhibit
             academic goal-setting was developed based on a literature
             review of how masculinity relates to academic behaviors. A
             diverse sample of students (120 male, 147 female, 14 not
             indicating sex) was measured on three aspects of sex and
             academic goal-setting behavior. Factor analysis confirmed
             the content validity of masculine factors having
             facilitative (Mastery Competitiveness) and inhibitory
             (Antisocial Competitiveness) academic properties. Regression
             analyses indicated that sex-role orientations
             (Competitiveness and Hypermasculinity) significantly
             predicted academic goal-setting behaviors (R2 = .136).
             Finally, men scored higher than women on the subscales
             measuring Hypermasculinity and Antisocial or
             Competitiveness, while there were no sex differences on the
             Mastery Competitiveness subscale. The implications of these
             findings and suggestions for research are
             discussed.},
   Language = {eng},
   Doi = {10.2466/pr0.1999.85.2.487},
   Key = {fds250704}
}

@article{fds250769,
   Author = {Detenber, BH and Simons, RF and Bennett, GG},
   Title = {Roll 'em!: The effects of picture motion on emotional
             responses},
   Journal = {Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media},
   Volume = {42},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {113-127},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0883-8151},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08838159809364437},
   Abstract = {An experiment investigated the effects of picture motion on
             individuals' emotional reactions to images. Participants in
             the study viewed moving and still versions of 27 different
             images extracted from a variety of film and television
             programs. Subjective measures (self-reports) and
             physiological data (skin conductance and heart rate) were
             obtained to provide convergent data on affective responses.
             Results indicate that picture motion significantly increased
             arousal, particularly when the image was already arousing.
             Both skin conductance and self-report data supported this
             finding. Picture motion also tended to prompt more
             heart-rate deceleration, most likely reflecting a greater
             allocation of attention to the more arousing images. In this
             study, the influence of picture motion on affective valence
             was evident only in the self-report measures; positive
             images were experienced as more positive and negative images
             as more negative when the image contained motion. © 1998
             Broadcast Education Association.},
   Doi = {10.1080/08838159809364437},
   Key = {fds250769}
}


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