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Publications of Ronald R. Butters    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Books   
@book{fds305306,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Trademarks as Linguistic Objects},
   Pages = {2007 pages},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds305306}
}

@book{fds285977,
   Author = {Miller, M},
   Title = {Dynamics of a Sociolinguistic System: English Plural
             Formation in Augusta, Georgia},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Editor = {Butters, RR and W Kretzschmar and J and Rice, C},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds285977}
}

@book{fds285976,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Death of Black English: Divergence and Convergence in
             White and Black Vernaculars},
   Publisher = {Peter Lang, Bamberger Beitrage zur Englischen
             Sprachwissenschaft, 25},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {fds285976}
}


%% Essays/Articles/Chapters in Books   
@article{fds285973,
   Author = {Fields, B and Page, K},
   Title = {Preface},
   Volume = {2015-June},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781450335638},
   Key = {fds285973}
}

@article{fds310064,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Language of Bribery Cases},
   Journal = {International Journal of Speech Language and the
             Law},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {127-132},
   Publisher = {EQUINOX PUBLISHING LTD},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1748-8885},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000361227200007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1558/ijsll.v22i1.27073},
   Key = {fds310064}
}

@article{fds310065,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING WOULD BE WONDERFUL},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {106-117},
   Publisher = {Duke University Press},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000356129100003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1215/00031283-2914714},
   Key = {fds310065}
}

@article{fds305304,
   Author = {Kruck, WE},
   Title = {Looking for Dr. Condom},
   Journal = {Publication of the American Dialect Society, No. 66; South
             Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {348-348},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds305304}
}

@article{fds305305,
   Author = {Baron, D},
   Title = {Grammar and Good Taste},
   Journal = {Yale Up, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {471-72},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds305305}
}

@article{fds310070,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Language, Meaning and the Law by Chris Hutton},
   Journal = {Journal of Sociolinguistics},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {532-537},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {1360-6441},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000295227900006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1467-9841.2011.00506.x},
   Key = {fds310070}
}

@article{fds310066,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Forensic Linguistics},
   Journal = {Journal of English Linguistics},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {196-202},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {0075-4242},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022111403849},
   Doi = {10.1177/0022022111403849},
   Key = {fds310066}
}

@article{fds310067,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Forensic Linguist’s Professional Credentials},
   Journal = {International Journal of Speech Language and the
             Law},
   Volume = {16},
   Number = {2},
   Publisher = {Equinox Publishing},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {1748-8885},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/ijsll.v16i2.237},
   Doi = {10.1558/ijsll.v16i2.237},
   Key = {fds310067}
}

@article{fds310069,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {ROGER W. SHUY, Linguistics in the courtroom: A practical
             guide},
   Journal = {Language in Society},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {02},
   Pages = {300-304},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0047-4045},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000254560900018&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1017/s0047404508080421},
   Key = {fds310069}
}

@article{fds310068,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first
             century},
   Journal = {Language},
   Volume = {83},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {883-886},
   Publisher = {LINGUISTIC SOC AMER},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0097-8507},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000251965900010&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds310068}
}

@article{fds285982,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {How not to strike it rich: Semantics, pragmatics, and
             semiotics of a Massachusetts lottery game
             card},
   Journal = {Applied Linguistics},
   Volume = {25},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {466-490},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press (OUP)},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0142-6001},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000225077500005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {In 2001, the Massachusetts State Lottery Commission released
             for sale a new 'instant lottery ticket' 'scratch-and-play'
             game card named 'Caesars [sic] Palace®' (played by
             scratching the surface of each card at designated spots to
             reveal hidden numbers or images). It offered ten grand
             prizes of $1,000,000 each and a number of lesser prizes.
             Very soon, a number of purchasers began to claim
             million-dollar prizes; most of these demands-for-payment
             were denied by the Commission on the grounds that the claims
             were based upon a misreading of the game-card instructions.
             The rejected claimants appealed, but their appeals were
             denied by a special hearing board appointed by the
             Commission. Further appeals to state courts in Massachusetts
             may still be pending. This paper analyses the semantic,
             pragmatic, and semiotic bases for the claimants' and
             Commission's conflicting interpretations of the
             instructions-a somewhat new application of linguistics to
             the field of language and law. The essay also raises
             theoretical questions concerning the relationship between
             linguistics and semiotic theory in the context of real-world
             data.},
   Doi = {10.1093/applin/25.4.466},
   Key = {fds285982}
}

@article{fds16888,
   Title = {How Not to Strike it Rich: Semantics, Pragmatics, and
             Semiotics of A Massachusetts Lottery Ticket},
   Journal = {Applied Linguistics},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {Fall},
   Abstract = {In June 2001, the Massachusetts State Lottery Commission
             released for sale a new “scratch-and-play” lottery game
             card named “Caesars [sic] Palace®” (played by
             scratching the surface of each card at designated spots to
             reveal hidden numbers or images). It offered a grand prize
             of $1,000,000 to players whose game cards contained certain
             spots that matched. Very soon, numerous purchasers began to
             claim million-dollar prizes; most of these
             demands-for-payment were denied by the Commission on the
             grounds that the claims were based upon a misreading of the
             game-card instructions. The claimants appealed, but their
             appeals were denied by a special hearing board appointed by
             the Commission. Further appeal to state courts in
             Massachusetts can by law be based only on procedural
             grounds, not the facts of the case. This paper analyzes the
             semantic, pragmatic, and semiotic bases for the claimants’
             and Commission’s conflicting interpretations of the
             instructions—a somewhat new application of linguistics to
             the field of language and law. The essay also raises
             theoretical questions concerning the relationship between
             linguistics and semiotic theory in the context of real-
             world data.},
   Key = {fds16888}
}

@article{fds285974,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Focusing and Diffusion},
   Series = {2d},
   Booktitle = {Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguiswtik: An International Handbook
             of the Science of Language and Society, vol.
             2.},
   Publisher = {WALTER DE GRUYTER},
   Editor = {Ammon, U and Dittmar, N and Mattheier, K and Trudgill,
             P},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds285974}
}

@article{fds6364,
   Title = {Preface},
   Volume = {2},
   Pages = {xv-xvi},
   Booktitle = {Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology},
   Publisher = {John Benjamin Publishing Company},
   Editor = {Dennis Preston and Daniel Long},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds6364}
}

@article{fds285971,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {’We didn’t realize that lite beer was supposed to
             suck!’: The Putative Vulgarity of X sucks in American
             English},
   Journal = {Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North
             America},
   Year = {2001},
   Abstract = {On April 17, 1991, a twelve-year-old junior-high student in
             Norfolk, Virginia, was suspended from school for refusing to
             desist from wearing a tee shirt on the front of which was
             printed in very large letters, DRUGS SUCK! School officials
             argued that the inscription was "inappropriate for school
             attire" because it is "vulgar," "derives from a sexual
             connotation of oral-genital contact," and hence is
             potentially disruptive to the maintenance of order in
             school. The child’s parents sued, insisting that the shirt
             contained a valuable message of critical importance and that
             the vernacular language was not "vulgar" but simply
             contemporary slang which conveyed the message in a powerful
             fashion to an otherwise quite impervious audience. The case
             presents a complex of problems in semiotics, pragmatics,
             semantics, and historical linguistics. Most speakers of
             American English today know that "X Sucks!" has a primary
             colloquial meaning "X is bad." However, many speakers also
             attach secondary meanings and even putative etymologies to
             the slang phrase–usually connected to fellatio–which
             some of them may find deeply offensive; yet (unlike the
             Norfolk school officials) they have no difficulty accepting
             the phrase and even using it themselves. The paper
             demonstrates (a). that the etymological connection between
             "X Sucks!" and fellatio is largely a folk etymology; and
             (b). that contemporary connotations of fellatio for "X
             Sucks!" are foregrounded only when the specific issue of
             putative etymology is raised, thus allowing speakers to
             accept a phrase that they might otherwise find
             inappropriate.},
   Key = {fds285971}
}

@article{fds285972,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Chance as Cause of Language Variation and
             Change},
   Journal = {Journal of English Linguistics},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds285972}
}

@article{fds285984,
   Author = {Butters, RR and Fishman, JA},
   Title = {Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity},
   Journal = {Language},
   Volume = {76},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {921-921},
   Publisher = {JSTOR},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0097-8507},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000166585500006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.2307/417204},
   Key = {fds285984}
}

@article{fds285989,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Authority in Language: Investigating Standard
             English},
   Journal = {American Literature},
   Volume = {72},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {668-669},
   Publisher = {Duke University Press},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0002-9831},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000089582100042&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1215/00029831-72-3-668},
   Key = {fds285989}
}

@article{fds285990,
   Author = {BUTTERS, RR},
   Title = {THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF AMERICAN ENGLISH: TWO
             CHALLENGES},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {75},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {283-285},
   Publisher = {Duke University Press},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000166379500024&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1215/00031283-75-3-283},
   Key = {fds285990}
}

@proceedings{fds16886,
   Title = {“What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the
             Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom},
   Booktitle = {Language in Action: New Studies of Language and
             Society},
   Publisher = {Hampton},
   Editor = {Peg Griffin and Joy Peyton and Walt Wolfram and Ralph
             Fasold},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds16886}
}

@article{fds285965,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Grammar},
   Journal = {History of American English},
   Volume = {6},
   Publisher = {Cambridge UP},
   Editor = {Algeo, J},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285965}
}

@article{fds285966,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Conversational Anomalies in Eliciting Danger-of-Death
             Narratives},
   Journal = {Southern Journal of Linguistics},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {69-81},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285966}
}

@article{fds285967,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The ’Real’ Meaning of millennium},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {75},
   Pages = {111-2},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285967}
}

@article{fds285968,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Semantic and Pragmatic Variability in Medical Research
             Terms: Implications for Obtaining Meaningful Informed
             Consent},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {75},
   Pages = {149-68},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285968}
}

@article{fds285969,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {"What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the
             Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom},
   Pages = {373-99},
   Booktitle = {Language in Action: New Studies of Language and
             Society},
   Publisher = {Hampton P},
   Editor = {Griffin, P and Peyton, J and Wolfram, W and Fasold,
             R},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285969}
}

@article{fds285970,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Two Notes: The Origin of jaywalking; The Pronunciation of
             Foreign Loanwords in English},
   Journal = {Comments on Etymology},
   Pages = {20-21},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285970}
}

@article{fds285963,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {What Did Cary Grant Know About ’Going Gay’ and When Did
             He Know It?: On the Development of the Popular Term gay
             ’Homosexual’},
   Journal = {Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North
             America},
   Volume = {19},
   Pages = {188-204},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds285963}
}

@article{fds285961,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Dialectology and Sociolinguistic Theory},
   Journal = {Issues and Methods in Dialectology},
   Pages = {1-13},
   Publisher = {U of Wales Bangor},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds285961}
}

@article{fds285962,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Auntie(-man)/tanti in the Caribbean and North
             America},
   Pages = {261-65},
   Booktitle = {Language Variety in the South Revisited},
   Publisher = {U of Alabama P},
   Editor = {Bernstein, C and Nunnally, T and Sabino, R},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds285962}
}

@article{fds285907,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Review of The Origin of American Black English: Be-forms in
             the HOODOO Texts by Traute Ewers},
   Journal = {Language},
   Volume = {74},
   Pages = {384-384},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds285907}
}

@article{fds285959,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Divergence Controversy Revisited},
   Pages = {118-34},
   Booktitle = {National Language Institutes Around the World-Diversity in
             Language Issues. Proceedings of the First International
             Symposium, The National Language Research Institute of Japan
             (invited paper), 20-21 Jan. 1994},
   Publisher = {Tokyo: The National Language Research Institute},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds285959}
}

@article{fds285960,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Historical and Contemporary Distribution of Double Modals in
             English},
   Pages = {265-88},
   Booktitle = {FOCUS ON: The United States. Varieties of English Around the
             World},
   Publisher = {Amsterdam: Benjamins},
   Editor = {Editor, MGG and Schneider, VEBE},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds285960}
}

@article{fds285958,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Free Speech and Academic Freedom},
   Pages = {81-90},
   Booktitle = {The Academic's Handbook},
   Publisher = {Durham: Duke UP},
   Editor = {DeNeef, AL and Goodwin, CD},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds285958}
}

@article{fds285906,
   Author = {Butters, R},
   Title = {Review of Language in the Judicial Process, 1990; and Roger
             W. Shuey, Language Crimes: The Use and Abuse of Language
             Evidence in the Courtroom, 1993},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {68},
   Pages = {109-12},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds285906}
}

@article{fds285957,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Current Issues in Variation Theory},
   Pages = {3-36},
   Booktitle = {Verhandlungen des Internationalen Dialektologenkongresses
             Bamberg 1990, Proceedings of the First International
             Congress of Dialectologists/Seventh International Conference
             on Methods in Dialectology, Bamberg, Germany 29 July-4 Aug.
             1990},
   Publisher = {Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag},
   Editor = {Viereck, W},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds285957}
}

@article{fds285905,
   Author = {Henry Lewis Gates and J and Butters, R},
   Title = {The Signifying Monkey, 1988},
   Journal = {The Secol Review},
   Volume = {16},
   Pages = {204-7},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {fds285905}
}

@article{fds285903,
   Author = {Leeds, B and Butters, R},
   Title = {Fairy Tale Rap: "Jack and the Beanstalk" and Other
             Stories},
   Journal = {1990; American Speech},
   Volume = {66},
   Pages = {104-104},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds285903}
}

@article{fds285904,
   Author = {Preston, D and Butters, R},
   Title = {Perceptual Dialectology, Foris, 1989},
   Journal = {Language in Society},
   Volume = {20},
   Pages = {294-99},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds285904}
}

@article{fds285954,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Whose Language Is It, Anyway? It Belongs to
             Thee},
   Pages = {5-5},
   Booktitle = {The Winter's Tale: An Interstate Adventure},
   Publisher = {New York: Cornerstone Theater Co.},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds285954}
}

@article{fds285955,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {More on short end of the stick},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {66},
   Pages = {336-336},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds285955}
}

@article{fds285956,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Multiple Modals in United States Black English: Synchronic
             and Diachronic Aspects},
   Pages = {165-76},
   Booktitle = {Verb Phrase Patterns in Black English and
             Creole},
   Publisher = {Detroit: Wayne State UP},
   Editor = {Edwards, WF and Winford, D},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds285956}
}

@article{fds285952,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Highlighter: A Legally Generic Name?},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {65},
   Pages = {340-340},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds285952}
}

@article{fds285953,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Proactive: A New Meaning?},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {65},
   Pages = {274-274},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds285953}
}

@article{fds6442,
   Title = {Foreword},
   Journal = {South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Volume = {88},
   Pages = {1-5},
   Booktitle = {Displacing Homophobia},
   Editor = {Ron Butters and John Clum and Michael Moon},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds6442}
}

@article{fds285894,
   Author = {Brasch, WM},
   Title = {Black English and the Mass Media},
   Journal = {U of Massachusetts P, 1981; South Atlantic
             Quarterly},
   Pages = {106-7},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {fds285894}
}

@article{fds285979,
   Author = {BUTTERS, RR},
   Title = {CIS-ATLANTIC HAVE-DONE},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {64},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {96-96},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1989U604600010&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds285979}
}

@article{fds285985,
   Author = {Kabakchi, VV and Butters, RR},
   Title = {Are Permafrost and Vernalization Loan Translations from
             Russian?},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {64},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {287-287},
   Publisher = {JSTOR},
   Year = {1989},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1989CD45800015&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.2307/455602},
   Key = {fds285985}
}

@article{fds285902,
   Author = {Dynes, W and Butters, R},
   Title = {Homolexis},
   Journal = {Gay Academic Union, 1985; American Speech},
   Volume = {63},
   Pages = {175-76},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds285902}
}

@article{fds285949,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Historical Present as Evidence of Black/White
             Convergence/Divergence},
   Pages = {637-49},
   Booktitle = {Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Methods
             in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 1987},
   Publisher = {Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters},
   Editor = {Thomas, AR},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds285949}
}

@article{fds285950,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Lesson},
   Pages = {348-49},
   Booktitle = {Collective Wisdom: A Sourcebook of Lessons for Writing
             Teachers},
   Publisher = {Random House},
   Editor = {Stang, SJ and Wittenberg, R},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds285950}
}

@article{fds285951,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Problem of Special-Admission Undergraduates},
   Pages = {166-71},
   Booktitle = {The Academic's Handbook},
   Publisher = {Durham: Duke UP},
   Editor = {DeNeef, AL and Goodwin, CD and McCrate, ES},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds285951}
}

@article{fds285986,
   Author = {Kato, K and Butters, RR},
   Title = {American Instances of Propredicate Do},
   Journal = {Journal of English Linguistics},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {212-216},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1987},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {0075-4242},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1987L093100005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1177/007542428702000205},
   Key = {fds285986}
}

@article{fds285948,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Verbal -s as Past-Time Indication in Various
             Narratives},
   Journal = {Papers From the Seventh Annual Spring Linguistic Colloquium,
             Linguistic Circle of the University of North
             Carolina},
   Pages = {9-18},
   Publisher = {Chapel Hill: UNC Curriculum in Linguistics},
   Year = {1987},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds285948}
}

@article{fds285899,
   Author = {Edwards, V and Butters, R},
   Title = {Language in a Black Community, Multilingual Matters,
             1986},
   Journal = {Language Problems and Language Planning},
   Volume = {11},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285899}
}

@article{fds285900,
   Author = {Pepicello, WJ and Green, TA},
   Title = {The Language of Riddles: New Perspectives},
   Journal = {Ohio State Up, 1984; International Journal of the Sociology
             of Language},
   Volume = {65},
   Pages = {112-15},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285900}
}

@article{fds285901,
   Author = {Newbrook, M and Butters, R},
   Title = {Sociolinguistic Reflexes of Dialect Interference in West
             Wirral, Lang, 1986},
   Journal = {English World Wide},
   Volume = {8},
   Pages = {304-7},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285901}
}

@article{fds285943,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Linguistic Convergence in a North Carolina
             Community},
   Journal = {Variation in Language: Nwav Xv at Stanford Proceedings of
             the Fifteenth Annual Conference on New Ways of Analyzing
             Variation},
   Pages = {52-60},
   Publisher = {Stanford University: Department of Linguistics},
   Editor = {al, KMDE},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285943}
}

@article{fds285944,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Query: Crash space},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {241-241},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285944}
}

@article{fds285945,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {For the Nonce},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {176-77},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285945}
}

@article{fds285946,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Old Curiosity Shop},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {184-184},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285946}
}

@article{fds285947,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Thomas Wolfe’s ’Esymplastic’ Power},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {83-84},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds285947}
}

@article{fds285983,
   Author = {BUTTERS, RR},
   Title = {MORE ON SINGULAR YALL},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {191-192},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1987J927100026&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds285983}
}

@article{fds285991,
   Author = {BUTTERS, RR},
   Title = {MEDIA WATCH - SUBREPTION OF PRONOUNS},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {62},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {190-191},
   Year = {1987},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1987J927100025&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds285991}
}

@article{fds285897,
   Author = {Urdang, L and al, E and Butters, R},
   Title = {-Ologies and -Isms},
   Journal = {3rd Ed., Gale Research, 1986; American Speech},
   Volume = {61},
   Pages = {280-280},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds285897}
}

@article{fds285898,
   Author = {Brooks, C and Butters, R},
   Title = {The Language of the American South},
   Journal = {U of Georgia P, 1985; South Atlantic Review},
   Pages = {183-85},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds285898}
}

@article{fds285939,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Levels of Usage},
   Pages = {118-23},
   Booktitle = {chapter 11b of The Heath Handbook, 11th edition},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds285939}
}

@article{fds285940,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The English of Blacks in Wilmington, N.C.},
   Pages = {255-64},
   Booktitle = {Language Variation in the South: Perspectives in Black and
             White},
   Publisher = {U of Alabama P},
   Editor = {Montgomery, M and Bailey, GM},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds285940}
}

@article{fds285941,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Existential and Causative have . . . to},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {184-90},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds285941}
}

@article{fds285942,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Query: Sorry ’excuse me’},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {60-60},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds285942}
}

@article{fds285988,
   Author = {BUTTERS, RR},
   Title = {THE TREATMENT OF SOUNDS IN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE -
             CHAPMAN,R},
   Journal = {South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Volume = {85},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {208-209},
   Year = {1986},
   ISSN = {0038-2876},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1986A845000018&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds285988}
}

@article{fds285992,
   Author = {Sugarman, J and Butters, RR},
   Title = {Understanding the patient: medical words the doctor may not
             know.},
   Journal = {North Carolina Medical Journal},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {415-417},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0029-2559},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1985AMX8700010&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Key = {fds285992}
}

@article{fds285895,
   Author = {Viereck, W and Schneider, EW and Gorlach, M},
   Title = {A Bibliography of Writings on Varieties of
             English},
   Journal = {John Benjamins, 1984; American Speech},
   Volume = {60},
   Pages = {88-88},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {Spring},
   Key = {fds285895}
}

@article{fds285896,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Review Essay: Current Trends in Variation
             Theory},
   Journal = {Language Problems and Language Planning},
   Pages = {215-27},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds285896}
}

@article{fds285936,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {More Medical Words the Doctor May Not Know},
   Journal = {North Carolina Medical Journal},
   Pages = {384-384},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds285936}
}

@article{fds285937,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {More on Irony Versus Sarcasm},
   Journal = {The Metaphor Research Newsletter},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {4-7},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds285937}
}

@article{fds285938,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Old Curiosity Shop},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {249-249},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds285938}
}

@article{fds285987,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {When is English 'Black English Vernacular'?},
   Journal = {Journal of English Linguistics},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {29-36},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1984},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0075-4242},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1984TQ77100003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1177/007542428401700103},
   Key = {fds285987}
}

@article{fds285934,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {-Ologies and -ologists},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {59},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {266-67},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds285934}
}

@article{fds285935,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Three Traps that Prevent One From Thinking
             Straight},
   Journal = {How to Think Straight Series, Office of the President, Duke
             University},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds285935}
}

@article{fds285933,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Sunbelt English},
   Journal = {The New York Times Magazine},
   Pages = {11-12},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {August},
   Key = {fds285933}
}

@article{fds285888,
   Author = {Lakoff, G and Johnson, M},
   Title = {Metaphors We Live By},
   Journal = {U of Chicago P, 1980; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {128-29},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds285888}
}

@article{fds285889,
   Author = {Fiengo, R and Butters, R},
   Title = {Surface Structure: The Interface of Autonomous
             Components},
   Journal = {Harvard Up, 1980; American Speech},
   Volume = {58},
   Pages = {188-188},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285889}
}

@article{fds285890,
   Author = {Koster, D and ed, and Butters, R},
   Title = {American Literature and Language: A Guide to Information
             Sources},
   Journal = {Gale Research Co., 1982; American Speech},
   Volume = {58},
   Pages = {188-188},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285890}
}

@article{fds285891,
   Author = {Quinn, J and Butters, R},
   Title = {American Tongue and Cheek: A Populist Guide to Our
             Language},
   Journal = {Pantheon, 1981; American Speech},
   Volume = {58},
   Pages = {60-60},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285891}
}

@article{fds285892,
   Author = {Rawson, H and Butters, R},
   Title = {A Dictionary of Euphemisms and Other Doubletalk},
   Journal = {Crown Publishers, 1981; American Speech},
   Volume = {58},
   Pages = {60-60},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285892}
}

@article{fds285893,
   Author = {Bickerton, D},
   Title = {Roots of Language},
   Journal = {Karoma Press, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {356-58},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds285893}
}

@article{fds285929,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Talkin’ Like a Native},
   Journal = {The Guide},
   Pages = {21-21},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285929}
}

@article{fds285930,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {-Ologies, -isms, and Dictionary Marking},
   Journal = {The Guide},
   Pages = {26-27},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285930}
}

@article{fds285931,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Final Vowels in English},
   Journal = {The Secol Review},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {1-12},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285931}
}

@article{fds285932,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Syntactic Change in British English ’Propredicates’},
   Journal = {Journal of English Linguistics},
   Volume = {16},
   Pages = {1-7},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285932}
}

@article{fds285928,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {On Language},
   Journal = {The New York Times Magazine},
   Year = {1982},
   Month = {July},
   Key = {fds285928}
}

@article{fds285887,
   Author = {Spears, RA and Butters, R},
   Title = {Slang and Euphemism: A Dictionary},
   Journal = {Jonathan David Publisher, 1981; Choice},
   Pages = {55-56},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds285887}
}

@article{fds285924,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Dialect at Work: Eudora Welty’s Artistic
             Purposes},
   Journal = {Mississippi Folklore Register},
   Volume = {16},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {33-40},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds285924}
}

@article{fds285925,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Quotative like},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {57},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {149-149},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds285925}
}

@article{fds285926,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {More on duck butter},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {57},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {107-107},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds285926}
}

@article{fds285927,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Dropping the /h/ from who},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {57},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {43-43},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds285927}
}

@article{fds285883,
   Author = {Valdman, A and Highfield, A and Butters, R},
   Title = {Theoretical Orientations in Creole Studies},
   Journal = {Academic Press, 1980; Choice},
   Pages = {159-159},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds285883}
}

@article{fds285884,
   Author = {Feagin, C and Butters, R},
   Title = {Variation and Change in Alabama English},
   Journal = {Georgetown Up, 1979; Language},
   Volume = {57},
   Pages = {735-38},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds285884}
}

@article{fds285885,
   Author = {Hughes, A and Trudgill, P and Butters, R},
   Title = {English Accents and Dialects},
   Journal = {University Park Press, 1979; American Speech},
   Volume = {56},
   Pages = {234-36},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds285885}
}

@article{fds285886,
   Author = {Raven I McDavid and J},
   Title = {Dialects in Culture},
   Journal = {, Ed. by William A. Kretzschmar, Jr., Et. Al., U of Alabama
             P, 1970; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {113-15},
   Year = {1981},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds285886}
}

@article{fds285921,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Another Point of View},
   Journal = {Faculty Newsletter, Duke University},
   Volume = {2},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {9-9},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds285921}
}

@article{fds285922,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Do ’Conceptual Metaphors’ Really Exist?},
   Journal = {The Secol Bulletin},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {108-17},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds285922}
}

@article{fds285923,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {A Comment on Sociolinguistics and Teaching Black-Dialect
             Writers},
   Journal = {College English},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {633-36},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds285923}
}

@article{fds285879,
   Author = {Pyles, T and Butters, R},
   Title = {Selected Essays on English Usage},
   Journal = {Ed. by John Algeo, U of Florida P, 1970; South Atlantic
             Quarterly},
   Pages = {460-61},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds285879}
}

@article{fds285880,
   Author = {Ortony, A and ed, and Butters, R},
   Title = {Metaphor and Thought},
   Journal = {Cambridge Up, 1979; Choice},
   Pages = {96-96},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds285880}
}

@article{fds285881,
   Author = {McCawley, JD and Butters, R},
   Title = {Adverbs, Vowels, and Other Objects of Wonder},
   Journal = {U of Chicago P, 1979; Choice},
   Pages = {138-138},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds285881}
}

@article{fds285882,
   Author = {Ricoeur, P and Butters, R},
   Title = {The Rule of Metaphor, tr. by Robert Czerny U of Toronto P,
             1977; and Samuel R. Levin, The Semantics of Metaphor, Johns
             Hopkins P, 1977},
   Journal = {Journal of Linguistics},
   Pages = {263-69},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds285882}
}

@article{fds285920,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Remedial English, Social Dialects, and the Academically
             ’Elite’ University},
   Journal = {Duke University Academic Skills Center Working
             Papers},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds285920}
}

@article{fds285978,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Narrative Go 'Say'},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {304-304},
   Publisher = {JSTOR},
   Year = {1980},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1980LC94900008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.2307/454573},
   Key = {fds285978}
}

@article{fds285877,
   Author = {Burkett, EM and Butters, R},
   Title = {American English Dialects in Literature},
   Journal = {The Scarecrow Press, 1978; Choice},
   Pages = {53-53},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds285877}
}

@article{fds285878,
   Author = {Wolfram, W and Christian, D and Butters, R},
   Title = {Appalachian Speech,},
   Journal = {Center for Applied Linguistics, 1978; Language},
   Volume = {55},
   Pages = {460-63},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds285878}
}

@article{fds285876,
   Author = {Raymond, JC and Russell, IW and Butters, R},
   Title = {James B. McMillan, Essays in Linguistics by his
             Friends},
   Journal = {U of Alabama P, 1978; Choice},
   Pages = {684-684},
   Year = {1978},
   Key = {fds285876}
}

@article{fds285875,
   Author = {Brandes, PD and Brewer, J and Butters, R},
   Title = {Dialect Clash in English: Issues and Answers},
   Journal = {The Scarecrow Press, 1977; Choice},
   Pages = {1354-1354},
   Year = {1977},
   Month = {December},
   Key = {fds285875}
}

@article{fds285874,
   Author = {Wardhaugh, R and Brown, HD and Butters, R},
   Title = {A Survey of Applied Linguistics},
   Journal = {U of Michigan P, 1978; Choice},
   Pages = {527-527},
   Year = {1977},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds285874}
}

@article{fds285873,
   Author = {Dillard, JL and Butters, R},
   Title = {American Talk: Where Our Words Came From},
   Journal = {Random House, 1976; Choice},
   Pages = {364-364},
   Year = {1977},
   Month = {May},
   Key = {fds285873}
}

@article{fds285872,
   Author = {Reed, CE and Butters, R},
   Title = {Dialects of American English},
   Journal = {2nd Ed., U of Massachusetts P, 1977; Choice},
   Pages = {1354-1354},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds285872}
}

@article{fds285919,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Why Teach Modern Grammar?},
   Pages = {143-54},
   Booktitle = {Questions English Teachers Ask},
   Publisher = {Rochelle Park, NJ: Hayden},
   Editor = {Shuman, RB},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds285919}
}

@article{fds285871,
   Author = {Bailey, C-J and Butters, R},
   Title = {Variation and Linguistic Theory},
   Journal = {Center for Applied Linguistics, 1973; Language
             Sciences},
   Pages = {32-35},
   Year = {1976},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds285871}
}

@article{fds285870,
   Author = {Hewes, GW and Butters, R},
   Title = {Language Origins: A Bibliography},
   Journal = {Mouton, 1975; Choice},
   Pages = {204-204},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds285870}
}

@article{fds285918,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {The Basics in Grammar},
   Journal = {Arizona English Bulletin},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {42-44},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds285918}
}

@article{fds285981,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {More on Indirect Questions},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {51},
   Number = {1/2},
   Pages = {57-57},
   Publisher = {JSTOR},
   Year = {1976},
   ISSN = {0003-1283},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1976JK99300005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.2307/455355},
   Key = {fds285981}
}

@article{fds285869,
   Author = {Liles, BL and Butters, R},
   Title = {An Introduction to Linguistics},
   Journal = {Prentice Hall, 1975, Choice},
   Year = {1975},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds285869}
}

@article{fds285868,
   Author = {Wakelin, MF and Butters, R},
   Title = {English Dialects},
   Journal = {Humanities Press, 1972; Choice},
   Pages = {1862-1862},
   Year = {1975},
   Key = {fds285868}
}

@article{fds285917,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Variability in Indirect Questions},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {49},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {230-34},
   Year = {1974},
   Key = {fds285917}
}

@article{fds285865,
   Author = {Turner, PR and ed, and Butters, R},
   Title = {Bilingualism in the Southwest},
   Journal = {U of Arizona P, 1973; Choice},
   Pages = {1434-1434},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds285865}
}

@article{fds285866,
   Author = {Palmer, LR and Butters, R},
   Title = {Descriptive and Comparative Linguistics: A Critical
             Introduction},
   Journal = {Crane, Russak and Co., 1971; Choice},
   Pages = {654-654},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds285866}
}

@article{fds285867,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {A Survey of Linguistic Science, Univ. of Maryland
             Linguistics Program, 1971; and Linguistics in the 1970’s,
             Center for Applied Linguistics, 1971},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {45},
   Pages = {122-29},
   Editor = {Dingwall, WO},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds285867}
}

@article{fds285915,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Black English -Z: Some Theoretical Implications},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {48},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {37-45},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds285915}
}

@article{fds285916,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Acceptability Judgments for Double Modals in Southern
             Dialects},
   Pages = {276-86},
   Booktitle = {New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English},
   Publisher = {Washington, DC: Georgetown UP},
   Editor = {Bailey, C-JN and Shuy, RW},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds285916}
}

@article{fds285912,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Results of Questionnaire [Concerning Variation
             Theory]},
   Journal = {Lectological Newsletter},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {1-11},
   Year = {1972},
   Key = {fds285912}
}

@article{fds285913,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Competence, Performance, and Variable Rules},
   Journal = {Language Sciences},
   Volume = {20},
   Pages = {29-32},
   Year = {1972},
   Key = {fds285913}
}

@article{fds285914,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {A Linguistic View of Negro Intelligence},
   Journal = {The Clearing House},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {259-63},
   Year = {1972},
   Key = {fds285914}
}

@article{fds285864,
   Author = {Lyons, J and Butters, R},
   Title = {Noam Chomsky},
   Journal = {The Viking Press, 1970; Richmond Times Dispatch},
   Year = {1971},
   Key = {fds285864}
}

@article{fds285910,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Dialect Variants and Linguistic Deviance},
   Journal = {Foundations of Language},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {239-54},
   Year = {1971},
   Key = {fds285910}
}

@article{fds285911,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {On the Notion ’Rule of Grammar’ in Dialectology},
   Journal = {Papers From the Seventh Regional Meeting Chicago, Linguistic
             Society, Apr. 16 18, 1971(Chicago: Chicago Linguistics
             Society)},
   Pages = {307-15},
   Year = {1971},
   Key = {fds285911}
}

@article{fds285909,
   Title = {On the Interpretation of ’Deviant Utterance’},
   Journal = {Journal of Linguistics},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {105-10},
   Year = {1970},
   Key = {fds285909}
}

@article{fds285862,
   Author = {Leroy, M},
   Title = {Main Trends in Modern Linguistics},
   Journal = {U of California P, 1967; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {569-70},
   Year = {1969},
   Month = {Summer},
   Key = {fds285862}
}

@article{fds285863,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Report of the Twenty-Second Annual Round Table Meeting on
             Linguistics and Language Studies},
   Journal = {American Speech},
   Volume = {41},
   Pages = {287-92},
   Editor = {Brien, RJO and 1971, GUP},
   Year = {1969},
   Key = {fds285863}
}

@article{fds285908,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Lexical Selection and Linguistic Deviance},
   Journal = {Papers in Linguistics},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {170-81},
   Year = {1969},
   Key = {fds285908}
}


%% Book Reviews   
@article{fds2673,
   Author = {Max Travers and John F. Manzo},
   Title = {Law in Action: Ethnomethodological and Conversation Analytic
             Approaches to Law},
   Journal = {(Socio-Legal Studies Series), Aldershot, Hants, England and
             Brookfield, Vermont, USA: Dartmouth/Ashgate, 1997, Forensic
             Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language,
             and the Law},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {262-66},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds2673}
}

@article{fds6519,
   Author = {Joseph E. Holloway and Winifred K. Vass},
   Title = {The African Heritage of American English},
   Journal = {1993; Anthropological Linguistics},
   Volume = {36},
   Pages = {274},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds6519}
}

@article{fds6514,
   Author = {Raymond Chapman},
   Title = {The Treatment of Sounds in Language and Literature},
   Journal = {Blackwell, 1984; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {208-9},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {Spring},
   Key = {fds6514}
}

@article{fds6512,
   Author = {Dennis Baron},
   Title = {Grammar and Good Taste},
   Journal = {Yale UP, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {471-72},
   Year = {1984},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds6512}
}

@article{fds6511,
   Author = {Walter M. Brasch},
   Title = {Black English and the Mass Media},
   Journal = {U of Massachusetts P, 1981; South Atlantic
             Quarterly},
   Pages = {106-7},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds6511}
}

@article{fds6509,
   Author = {Wm. E. Kruck},
   Title = {Looking for Dr. Condom},
   Journal = {Publication of the American Dialect Society, no. 66; South
             Atlantic Quarterly},
   Pages = {348},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {Summer},
   Key = {fds6509}
}


%% Other   
@misc{fds285975,
   Author = {Butters, RR and Clum, J and Moon, M},
   Title = {Displacing Homophobia: Gay Male Perspectives in Literature
             and Culture},
   Publisher = {Duke UP},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {fds285975}
}

@misc{fds285861,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Composition Guide, Duke University},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds285861}
}

@misc{fds285860,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {Stylesheet for Writing},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds285860}
}


%% Articles in a Collection   
@article{fds285964,
   Author = {Butters, RR},
   Title = {“What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the
             Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom},
   Publisher = {Hampton},
   Editor = {Griffin, P and Peyton, J and Wolfram, W and Fasold,
             R},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds285964}
}


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