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Publications of Ronald R. Butters    :recent first  combined  bibtex listing:

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  1. Miller, M. Dynamics of a Sociolinguistic System: English Plural Formation in Augusta, Georgia. Edited by Butters, RR; W Kretzschmar, J; Rice, C. SAGE Publications, 1999.
  2. Butters, RR. The Death of Black English: Divergence and Convergence in White and Black Vernaculars. Peter Lang, Bamberger Beitrage zur Englischen Sprachwissenschaft, 25, 1989.
  3. Butters, RR. Trademarks as Linguistic Objects.  in progress. 2007 pages pp.

Essays/Articles/Chapters in Books

  1. Butters, RR. ""What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom." Language in Action: New Studies of Language and Society. Ed. Griffin, P; Peyton, J; Wolfram, W; Fasold, R. Hampton P, 2000. 373-99. Essays in Honor of Roger Shuy
  2. Urdang, L; al, E; Butters, R,. "-Ologies and -Isms." 3rd Ed., Gale Research, 1986; American Speech 61 (1986): 280-280.
  3. Butters, RR. "-Ologies and -ologists." American Speech 59.3 (1984): 266-67.  Stewart Campbell Aycock, 2nd author
  4. Butters, RR. "-Ologies, -isms, and Dictionary Marking." The Guide  (1983): 26-27.  Reprinted in the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, 12 Sept. 1983
  5. Viereck, W; Schneider, EW; Gorlach, M. "A Bibliography of Writings on Varieties of English." John Benjamins, 1984; American Speech 60 (Spring, 1985): 88-88.
  6. Butters, RR. "A Comment on Sociolinguistics and Teaching Black-Dialect Writers." College English 43.6 (1981): 633-36.
  7. Rawson, H; Butters, R,. "A Dictionary of Euphemisms and Other Doubletalk." Crown Publishers, 1981; American Speech 58 (1983): 60-60.
  8. Butters, RR. "A Linguistic View of Negro Intelligence." The Clearing House 46.5 (1972): 259-63.  Reprinted in Current Readings in Urban Education., Ed. by Richard R. Heidenreich (Arlington VA: College Readings, Inc., 1972), 223-27
  9. Wardhaugh, R; Brown, HD; Butters, R,. "A Survey of Applied Linguistics." U of Michigan P, 1978; Choice  (June, 1977): 527-527.
  10. Butters, RR. "A Survey of Linguistic Science, Univ. of Maryland Linguistics Program, 1971; and Linguistics in the 1970’s, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1971." American Speech Ed. Dingwall, WO. 45 (1973): 122-29.
  11. Butters, RR. "Acceptability Judgments for Double Modals in Southern Dialects." New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English. Ed. Bailey, C-JN; Shuy, RW. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP, 1973. 276-86. Papers from the First Annual NWAVE Conference
  12. McCawley, JD; Butters, R,. "Adverbs, Vowels, and Other Objects of Wonder." U of Chicago P, 1979; Choice  (1980): 138-138.
  13. Burkett, EM; Butters, R,. "American English Dialects in Literature." The Scarecrow Press, 1978; Choice  (1979): 53-53.
  14. Kato, K; Butters, RR. "American Instances of Propredicate Do." Journal of English Linguistics 20.2SAGE Publications, (October, 1987): 212-216.  Kazuo Kato, first author [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  15. Koster, D; ed, ; Butters, R,. "American Literature and Language: A Guide to Information Sources." Gale Research Co., 1982; American Speech 58 (1983): 188-188.
  16. Dillard, JL; Butters, R,. "American Talk: Where Our Words Came From." Random House, 1976; Choice  (May, 1977): 364-364.
  17. Quinn, J; Butters, R,. "American Tongue and Cheek: A Populist Guide to Our Language." Pantheon, 1981; American Speech 58 (1983): 60-60.
  18. Liles, BL; Butters, R,. "An Introduction to Linguistics." Prentice Hall, 1975, Choice  (October, 1975)
  19. Butters, RR. "Another Point of View." Faculty Newsletter, Duke University 2.7 (1981): 9-9.
  20. Wolfram, W; Christian, D; Butters, R,. "Appalachian Speech,." Center for Applied Linguistics, 1978; Language 55 (1979): 460-63.
  21. Kabakchi, VV; Butters, RR. "Are Permafrost and Vernalization Loan Translations from Russian?." American Speech 64.3JSTOR, (1989): 287-287.  Viktor V. Kabakchi, first author [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  22. Butters, RR. "Auntie(-man)/tanti in the Caribbean and North America." Language Variety in the South Revisited. Ed. Bernstein, C; Nunnally, T; Sabino, R. U of Alabama P, 1997. 261-65. Revision of a paper read at the Conference on Language and Variation in the South, Auburn University, Apr. 1993; invited paper
  23. Butters, RR. "Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English." American Literature 72.3Duke University Press, (September, 2000): 668-669. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  24. Turner, PR; ed, ; Butters, R,. "Bilingualism in the Southwest." U of Arizona P, 1973; Choice  (1973): 1434-1434.
  25. Butters, RR. "Black English -Z: Some Theoretical Implications." American Speech 48.1-2 (1973): 37-45.  Revision of paper read at the Linguistic Society of America Winter Meeting in St. Louis, MO, 1971
  26. Brasch, WM. "Black English and the Mass Media." U of Massachusetts P, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly  (1989): 106-7.
  27. Butters, RR. "Chance as Cause of Language Variation and Change." Journal of English Linguistics  (2001)  [author's comments]
  28. BUTTERS, RR. "CIS-ATLANTIC HAVE-DONE." American Speech 64.1 (1989): 96-96. [Gateway.cgi]
  29. Butters, RR. "Competence, Performance, and Variable Rules." Language Sciences 20 (1972): 29-32.
  30. Butters, RR. "Conversational Anomalies in Eliciting Danger-of-Death Narratives." Southern Journal of Linguistics 24.1 (2000): 69-81.  Revision of a paper read at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics LXII, Spring Meeting, Oxford Mississippi, 4-6 Apr. 2000
  31. Butters, RR. "Current Issues in Variation Theory." Verhandlungen des Internationalen Dialektologenkongresses Bamberg 1990, Proceedings of the First International Congress of Dialectologists/Seventh International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bamberg, Germany 29 July-4 Aug. 1990. Ed. Viereck, W. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1993. 3-36. invited plenary lecture. 31 July
  32. Palmer, LR; Butters, R,. "Descriptive and Comparative Linguistics: A Critical Introduction." Crane, Russak and Co., 1971; Choice  (1973): 654-654.
  33. Butters, RR. "Dialect at Work: Eudora Welty’s Artistic Purposes." Mississippi Folklore Register 16.2 (1982): 33-40.
  34. Brandes, PD; Brewer, J; Butters, R,. "Dialect Clash in English: Issues and Answers." The Scarecrow Press, 1977; Choice  (December, 1977): 1354-1354.
  35. Butters, RR. "Dialect Variants and Linguistic Deviance." Foundations of Language 7.2 (1971): 239-54.
  36. Butters, RR. "Dialectology and Sociolinguistic Theory." Issues and Methods in Dialectology U of Wales Bangor, (1997): 1-13.  Selected Papers from the Ninth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 31 July 1996; invited plenary lecture
  37. Raven I McDavid, J. "Dialects in Culture." , Ed. by William A. Kretzschmar, Jr., Et. Al., U of Alabama P, 1970; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Winter, 1981): 113-15.
  38. Reed, CE; Butters, R,. "Dialects of American English." 2nd Ed., U of Massachusetts P, 1977; Choice  (1977): 1354-1354.
  39. Butters, RR. "Do ’Conceptual Metaphors’ Really Exist?." The Secol Bulletin 5.3 (1981): 108-17.  First read as a paper at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics meeting in Richmond, VA, 1981
  40. Butters, RR. "Dropping the /h/ from who." American Speech 57.2 (1982): 43-43.
  41. Hughes, A; Trudgill, P; Butters, R,. "English Accents and Dialects." University Park Press, 1979; American Speech 56 (1981): 234-36.
  42. Wakelin, MF; Butters, R,. "English Dialects." Humanities Press, 1972; Choice  (1975): 1862-1862.
  43. Butters, RR. "Existential and Causative have . . . to." American Speech 61.2 (1986): 184-90.  [Kristin Stettler, 2nd author] First read as a paper at the 14th Annual NWAVE Conference, Georgetown University, 1985
  44. Leeds, B; Butters, R,. "Fairy Tale Rap: "Jack and the Beanstalk" and Other Stories." 1990; American Speech 66 (1991): 104-104.
  45. Butters, RR. "Final Vowels in English." The Secol Review 7.2 (1983): 1-12.
  46. Butters, RR. "Focusing and Diffusion." Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguiswtik: An International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society, vol. 2.. Ed. Ammon, U; Dittmar, N; Mattheier, K; Trudgill, P. 2dWALTER DE GRUYTER, 2004. 
  47. Butters, RR. "For the Nonce." American Speech 62.2 (1987): 176-77.  Cynthia Y. Krueger, first author
  48. Butters, RR. "Forensic Linguistics." Journal of English Linguistics 39.2SAGE Publications, (June, 2011): 196-202. [doi]
  49. "Foreword." South Atlantic QuarterlyDisplacing Homophobia. Ed. Ron Butters, John Clum, and Michael Moon. 88 (Winter, 1989): 1-5. 1989. 1-5.
  50. Butters, RR. "Free Speech and Academic Freedom." The Academic's Handbook. Ed. DeNeef, AL; Goodwin, CD. Durham: Duke UP, 1995. 81-90.
  51. Butters, RR. "Grammar." History of American English Ed. Algeo, J. 6Cambridge UP, (2000)
  52. Baron, D. "Grammar and Good Taste." Yale Up, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly  (April, 2014): 471-72.
  53. Butters, RR; Fishman, JA. "Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity." Language 76.4JSTOR, (December, 2000): 921-921. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  54. Butters, RR. "Highlighter: A Legally Generic Name?." American Speech 65 (1990): 340-340.
  55. Butters, RR. "Historical and Contemporary Distribution of Double Modals in English." FOCUS ON: The United States. Varieties of English Around the World. Ed. Editor, MGG; Schneider, VEBE. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1996. 265-88. Barbara Fennell, first author
  56. Dynes, W; Butters, R,. "Homolexis." Gay Academic Union, 1985; American Speech 63 (1988): 175-76.
  57. Butters, RR. "How not to strike it rich: Semantics, pragmatics, and semiotics of a Massachusetts lottery game card." Applied Linguistics 25.4Oxford University Press (OUP), (December, 2004): 466-490. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  58. "How Not to Strike it Rich: Semantics, Pragmatics, and Semiotics of A Massachusetts Lottery Ticket." Applied Linguistics  (2004)  [abs] [author's comments]
  59. Raymond, JC; Russell, IW; Butters, R,. "James B. McMillan, Essays in Linguistics by his Friends." U of Alabama P, 1978; Choice  (1978): 684-684.
  60. Edwards, V; Butters, R,. "Language in a Black Community, Multilingual Matters, 1986." Language Problems and Language Planning 11 (1987)
  61. Butters, RR. "Language in the USA: Themes for the twenty-first century." Language 83.4LINGUISTIC SOC AMER, (December, 2007): 883-886. [Gateway.cgi]
  62. Hewes, GW; Butters, R,. "Language Origins: A Bibliography." Mouton, 1975; Choice  (1976): 204-204.
  63. Butters, RR. "Language, Meaning and the Law by Chris Hutton." Journal of Sociolinguistics 15.4WILEY, (September, 2011): 532-537. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  64. Butters, RR. "Lesson." Collective Wisdom: A Sourcebook of Lessons for Writing Teachers. Ed. Stang, SJ; Wittenberg, R. Random House, 1988. 348-49.
  65. Butters, RR. "Levels of Usage." chapter 11b of The Heath Handbook, 11th edition.  1986. 118-23. Revision of 10th edition, chapter 8d
  66. Butters, RR. "Lexical Selection and Linguistic Deviance." Papers in Linguistics 1.1 (1969): 170-81.  Revision of paper read at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics meeting in Gainesville, FL, 1969
  67. Butters, RR. "Linguistic Convergence in a North Carolina Community." Variation in Language: Nwav Xv at Stanford Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference on New Ways of Analyzing Variation Ed. al, KMDE. Stanford University: Department of Linguistics, (1987): 52-60.
  68. Kruck, WE. "Looking for Dr. Condom." Publication of the American Dialect Society, No. 66; South Atlantic Quarterly  (April, 2014): 348-348.
  69. Leroy, M. "Main Trends in Modern Linguistics." U of California P, 1967; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Summer, 1969): 569-70.
  70. BUTTERS, RR. "MEDIA WATCH - SUBREPTION OF PRONOUNS." American Speech 62.2 (1987): 190-191. [Gateway.cgi]
  71. Ortony, A; ed, ; Butters, R,. "Metaphor and Thought." Cambridge Up, 1979; Choice  (1980): 96-96.
  72. Lakoff, G; Johnson, M. "Metaphors We Live By." U of Chicago P, 1980; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Winter, 1983): 128-29.
  73. Butters, RR. "More Medical Words the Doctor May Not Know." North Carolina Medical Journal  (1985): 384-384.  Jeremy Sugarman, first author
  74. Butters, RR. "More on duck butter." American Speech 57.2 (1982): 107-107.
  75. Butters, RR. "More on Indirect Questions." American Speech 51.1/2JSTOR, (1976): 57-57. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  76. Butters, RR. "More on Irony Versus Sarcasm." The Metaphor Research Newsletter 4.2 (1985): 4-7.
  77. Butters, RR. "More on short end of the stick." American Speech 66 (1991): 336-336.
  78. BUTTERS, RR. "MORE ON SINGULAR YALL." American Speech 62.2 (1987): 191-192.  Stewart Campbell Aycock, 2d author [Gateway.cgi]
  79. Butters, RR. "Multiple Modals in United States Black English: Synchronic and Diachronic Aspects." Verb Phrase Patterns in Black English and Creole. Ed. Edwards, WF; Winford, D. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1991. 165-76. revision of a paper read at the 16th Annual NWAVE Conference, Austin, TX, 1987
  80. Butters, RR. "Narrative Go 'Say'." American Speech 55.4JSTOR, (1980): 304-304. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  81. Lyons, J; Butters, R,. "Noam Chomsky." The Viking Press, 1970; Richmond Times Dispatch  (1971)
  82. Butters, RR. "Old Curiosity Shop." American Speech 60.3 (1985): 249-249.  on There you go! as an affirmative interjection
  83. Butters, RR. "Old Curiosity Shop." American Speech 60.2 (1987): 184-184.  on wake 'hold a wake for' as transitive verb
  84. Butters, RR. "On Language." The New York Times Magazine  (July, 1982)
  85. "On the Interpretation of ’Deviant Utterance’." Journal of Linguistics 6.1 (1970): 105-10.
  86. Butters, RR. "On the Notion ’Rule of Grammar’ in Dialectology." Papers From the Seventh Regional Meeting Chicago, Linguistic Society, Apr. 16 18, 1971(Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society)  (1971): 307-15.
  87. Preston, D; Butters, R,. "Perceptual Dialectology, Foris, 1989." Language in Society 20 (1991): 294-99.
  88. "Preface." Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology. Ed. Dennis Preston and Daniel Long. 2John Benjamin Publishing Company, 2002. xv-xvi.
  89. Fields, B; Page, K. "Preface."  2015-June
  90. Butters, RR. "Proactive: A New Meaning?." American Speech 65 (1990): 274-274.
  91. Butters, RR. "Query: Crash space." American Speech 62.3 (1987): 241-241.
  92. Butters, RR. "Query: Sorry ’excuse me’." American Speech 61.1 (1986): 60-60.
  93. Butters, RR. "Quotative like." American Speech 57.2 (1982): 149-149.
  94. Butters, RR. "Remedial English, Social Dialects, and the Academically ’Elite’ University." Duke University Academic Skills Center Working Papers  (1980)
  95. Butters, RR. "Report of the Twenty-Second Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Studies." American Speech Ed. Brien, RJO; 1971, GUP. 41 (1969): 287-92.
  96. Butters, RR. "Results of Questionnaire [Concerning Variation Theory]." Lectological Newsletter 1 (1972): 1-11.  with Derek Bickerton, Henrietta Cedergren, David Sankoff, Gillian Sankoff, Charles-James N. Bailey, & Ralph Fasold
  97. Butters, RR. "Review Essay: Current Trends in Variation Theory." Language Problems and Language Planning  (Fall, 1985): 215-27.
  98. Butters, R,. "Review of Language in the Judicial Process, 1990; and Roger W. Shuey, Language Crimes: The Use and Abuse of Language Evidence in the Courtroom, 1993." American Speech 68 (1993): 109-12.
  99. Butters, RR. "Review of The Origin of American Black English: Be-forms in the HOODOO Texts by Traute Ewers." Language 74 (1996): 384-384.
  100. Butters, RR. "ROGER W. SHUY, Linguistics in the courtroom: A practical guide." Language in Society 37.02Cambridge University Press (CUP), (April, 2008): 300-304. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  101. Bickerton, D. "Roots of Language." Karoma Press, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly  (Fall, 1983): 356-58.
  102. Pyles, T; Butters, R,. "Selected Essays on English Usage." Ed. by John Algeo, U of Florida P, 1970; South Atlantic Quarterly  (1980): 460-61.
  103. Butters, RR. "Semantic and Pragmatic Variability in Medical Research Terms: Implications for Obtaining Meaningful Informed Consent." American Speech 75 (2000): 149-68.  J. Sugarman and L. Kaplan, 2d and 3d authors
  104. Spears, RA; Butters, R,. "Slang and Euphemism: A Dictionary." Jonathan David Publisher, 1981; Choice  (1982): 55-56.
  105. Newbrook, M; Butters, R,. "Sociolinguistic Reflexes of Dialect Interference in West Wirral, Lang, 1986." English World Wide 8 (1987): 304-7.
  106. Butters, RR. "Sunbelt English." The New York Times Magazine  (August, 1983): 11-12.
  107. Fiengo, R; Butters, R,. "Surface Structure: The Interface of Autonomous Components." Harvard Up, 1980; American Speech 58 (1983): 188-188.
  108. Butters, RR. "Syntactic Change in British English ’Propredicates’." Journal of English Linguistics 16 (1983): 1-7.
  109. Butters, RR. "Talkin’ Like a Native." The Guide  (1983): 21-21.
  110. Butters, RR. "The Basics in Grammar." Arizona English Bulletin 18.2 (1976): 42-44.
  111. Butters, RR. "The Divergence Controversy Revisited." National Language Institutes Around the World-Diversity in Language Issues. Proceedings of the First International Symposium, The National Language Research Institute of Japan (invited paper), 20-21 Jan. 1994. Tokyo: The National Language Research Institute, 1996. 118-34.
  112. Butters, RR. "The English of Blacks in Wilmington, N.C.." Language Variation in the South: Perspectives in Black and White. Ed. Montgomery, M; Bailey, GM. U of Alabama P, 1986. 255-64. Ruth M. Nix, 2nd author; read in Columbia, SC, 1981; invited conference paper
  113. Butters, RR. "The Forensic Linguist’s Professional Credentials." International Journal of Speech Language and the Law 16.2Equinox Publishing, (April, 2010) [doi]
  114. Butters, RR. "The Historical Present as Evidence of Black/White Convergence/Divergence." Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 1987. Ed. Thomas, AR. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters, 1988. 637-49.
  115. BUTTERS, RR. "THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF AMERICAN ENGLISH: TWO CHALLENGES." American Speech 75.3Duke University Press, (September, 2000): 283-285. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  116. Butters, RR. "The Language of Bribery Cases." International Journal of Speech Language and the Law 22.1EQUINOX PUBLISHING LTD, (January, 2015): 127-132. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  117. Pepicello, WJ; Green, TA. "The Language of Riddles: New Perspectives." Ohio State Up, 1984; International Journal of the Sociology of Language 65 (1987): 112-15.
  118. Brooks, C; Butters, R,. "The Language of the American South." U of Georgia P, 1985; South Atlantic Review  (1986): 183-85.
  119. Butters, RR. "The Problem of Special-Admission Undergraduates." The Academic's Handbook. Ed. DeNeef, AL; Goodwin, CD; McCrate, ES. Durham: Duke UP, 1988. 166-71. Reprinted in The Academic's Handbook, 2nd ed. Ed. by A. Leigh DeNeef and Craufurd D. Goodwin [Duke UP, 1995], 211-15 [Christopher Kennedy, 2nd author]
  120. Ricoeur, P; Butters, R,. "The Rule of Metaphor, tr. by Robert Czerny U of Toronto P, 1977; and Samuel R. Levin, The Semantics of Metaphor, Johns Hopkins P, 1977." Journal of Linguistics  (1980): 263-69.
  121. Henry Lewis Gates, J; Butters, R,. "The Signifying Monkey, 1988." The Secol Review 16 (1992): 204-7.
  122. BUTTERS, RR. "THE TREATMENT OF SOUNDS IN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE - CHAPMAN,R." South Atlantic Quarterly 85.2 (1986): 208-209. [Gateway.cgi]
  123. Butters, RR. "The ’Real’ Meaning of millennium." American Speech 75 (2000): 111-2.
  124. Valdman, A; Highfield, A; Butters, R,. "Theoretical Orientations in Creole Studies." Academic Press, 1980; Choice  (1981): 159-159.
  125. Butters, RR. "Thomas Wolfe’s ’Esymplastic’ Power." American Speech 62.1 (1987): 83-84.
  126. Butters, RR. "Three Traps that Prevent One From Thinking Straight." How to Think Straight Series, Office of the President, Duke University  (1984)
  127. Butters, RR. "TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING WOULD BE WONDERFUL." American Speech 90.1Duke University Press, (January, 2015): 106-117. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  128. Butters, RR. "Two Notes: The Origin of jaywalking; The Pronunciation of Foreign Loanwords in English." Comments on Etymology  (2000): 20-21.
  129. Sugarman, J; Butters, RR. "Understanding the patient: medical words the doctor may not know.." North Carolina Medical Journal 46.7 (July, 1985): 415-417.  Jeremy Sugarman, first author [Gateway.cgi]
  130. Butters, RR. "Variability in Indirect Questions." American Speech 49.3-4 (1974): 230-34.
  131. Feagin, C; Butters, R,. "Variation and Change in Alabama English." Georgetown Up, 1979; Language 57 (1981): 735-38.
  132. Bailey, C-J; Butters, R,. "Variation and Linguistic Theory." Center for Applied Linguistics, 1973; Language Sciences  (April, 1976): 32-35.
  133. Butters, RR. "Verbal -s as Past-Time Indication in Various Narratives." Papers From the Seventh Annual Spring Linguistic Colloquium, Linguistic Circle of the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: UNC Curriculum in Linguistics, (March, 1987): 9-18.
  134. Butters, RR. "What Did Cary Grant Know About ’Going Gay’ and When Did He Know It?: On the Development of the Popular Term gay ’Homosexual’." Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America 19 (1998): 188-204.  Revision of a paper read at The Dictionary Society of North America. Cleveland, Ohio, 22 July 1995; read also at The Third Lavender Languages and Linguistics Conference, The American University, Washington, DC, 15-17 Sept. 1995; also an invited lecture for the Dept. of Linguistics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 28 Sept. 1995
  135. Butters, RR. "When is English 'Black English Vernacular'?." Journal of English Linguistics 17.1SAGE Publications, (March, 1984): 29-36.  First read as a paper at the Tenth Annual NWAVE Conference, Philadelphia, 1981 [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  136. Butters, RR. "Whose Language Is It, Anyway? It Belongs to Thee." The Winter's Tale: An Interstate Adventure. New York: Cornerstone Theater Co., 1991. 5-5.
  137. Butters, RR. "Why Teach Modern Grammar?." Questions English Teachers Ask. Ed. Shuman, RB. Rochelle Park, NJ: Hayden, 1977. 143-54.
  138. Butters, RR. "’We didn’t realize that lite beer was supposed to suck!’: The Putative Vulgarity of X sucks in American English." Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America  (2001)  [abs] [author's comments]
  139. "“What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom." Language in Action: New Studies of Language and Society. Ed. Peg Griffin, Joy Peyton, Walt Wolfram, and Ralph Fasold. Hampton, 2000.

Book Reviews

  1. Walter M. Brasch. Black English and the Mass Media.  U of Massachusetts P, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly (Winter 1983): 106-7.
  2. Dennis Baron. Grammar and Good Taste.  Yale UP, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly (Autumn 1984): 471-72.
  3. Max Travers and John F. Manzo, eds.. Law in Action: Ethnomethodological and Conversation Analytic Approaches to Law.  (Socio-Legal Studies Series), Aldershot, Hants, England and Brookfield, Vermont, USA: Dartmouth/Ashgate, 1997, Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language, and the Law 7 (2000): 262-66.
  4. Wm. E. Kruck. Looking for Dr. Condom.  Publication of the American Dialect Society, no. 66; South Atlantic Quarterly (Summer 1983): 348.
  5. Joseph E. Holloway and Winifred K. Vass. The African Heritage of American English.  1993; Anthropological Linguistics 36 (1994): 274.
  6. Raymond Chapman. The Treatment of Sounds in Language and Literature.  Blackwell, 1984; South Atlantic Quarterly (Spring 1986): 208-9.


  1. Butters, RR. "Composition Guide, Duke University." (1983). 15 pp., 2d ed. Aug. 1984; 3d ed. Aug. 1985; 4th ed. 1986 [with George D. Gopen], 29 pp.; eds. 5-12 appeared as Guidelines for Composition [with George D. Gopen], 1987-94, 32 pp
  2. Butters, RR; Clum, J; Moon, M. "Displacing Homophobia: Gay Male Perspectives in Literature and Culture." Duke UP. (1989). Reprinting, with modifications of SAQ 88.1 [1989]; this book won the 1989 Conference of Editors of Learned Journals Best Special Issue Award
  3. Butters, RR. "Stylesheet for Writing." (1982). 8 pp. Xeroxed

Articles in a Collection

  1. Butters, RR. "“What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder": Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom." Ed. Griffin, P; Peyton, J; Wolfram, W; Fasold, R. (Hampton), 2000.

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