Kenneth A. Dodge

Publications of Kenneth A. Dodge    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  by tags listing:

%% Books   
   Author = {McLoyd, V.C. and Hill, N.E. and Dodge, K.A.},
   Title = {Emerging issues in African American family life: Context,
             adaptation, and policy},
   Publisher = {NY: Guilford Press},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds44483}

%% Chapters in Books   
   Author = {Tolan, PH and Dodge, K and Rutter, M},
   Title = {Tracking the multiple pathways of parent and family
             influence on disruptive behavior disorders},
   Pages = {161-191},
   Booktitle = {Disruptive Behavior Disorders},
   Publisher = {Springer},
   Address = {New York},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781461475576},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1007/978-1-4614-7557-6_7},
   Key = {fds327710}

   Author = {McLoyd, V.C. and Dodge, K.A. and Hill, N.E.},
   Title = {Introduction: Ecological and cultual diversity in African
             American family life},
   Pages = {3-20},
   Booktitle = {Emerging Issues in African American Family Life: Context,
             Adaptation, and Policy},
   Publisher = {Guilford Press},
   Editor = {V.C. McLoyd and N.E., Hill and K.A. Dodge},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds31450}

   Author = {Schwartz, D. and McFadyen-Ketchum, S.A. and Dodge. K.A. and Pettit, G.S. and Bates, J.E.},
   Title = {Peer group victimization as a predictor of children's
             behavior problems at home and in school(Abstract)},
   Booktitle = {Youth Update},
   Publisher = {Institute for Advanced Study of Antisocial Behavior in
             Youth, Etobicoke, Ontario},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds39026}

%% Journal Articles   
   Author = {Lansford, JE and Laird, RD and Pettit, GS and Bates, JE and Dodge,
   Title = {Mothers' and fathers' autonomy-relevant parenting:
             longitudinal links with adolescents' externalizing and
             internalizing behavior.},
   Journal = {Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {1877-1889},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {1573-6601},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {The goal of this study was to advance the understanding of
             separate and joint effects of mothers' and fathers'
             autonomy-relevant parenting during early and middle
             adolescence. In a sample of 518 families, adolescents (49 %
             female; 83 % European American, 16 % African American,
             1 % other ethnic groups) reported on their mothers' and
             fathers' psychological control and knowledge about
             adolescents' whereabouts, friends, and activities at ages 13
             and 16. Mothers and adolescents reported on adolescents'
             externalizing and internalizing behaviors at ages 12, 14,
             15, and 17. Adolescents perceived their mothers as using
             more psychological control and having more knowledge than
             their fathers, but there was moderate concordance between
             adolescents' perceptions of their mothers and fathers. More
             parental psychological control predicted increases in boys'
             and girls' internalizing problems and girls' externalizing
             problems. More parental knowledge predicted decreases in
             boys' externalizing and internalizing problems. The
             perceived levels of behavior of mothers and fathers did not
             interact with one another in predicting adolescent
             adjustment. The results generalize across early and late
             adolescence and across mothers' and adolescents' reports of
             behavior problems. Autonomy-relevant mothering and fathering
             predict changes in behavior problems during early and late
             adolescence, but only autonomy-relevant fathering accounts
             for unique variance in adolescent behavior
   Doi = {10.1007/s10964-013-0079-2},
   Key = {fds271936}

   Author = {Makin-Byrd, K and Bierman, KL and Conduct Problems Prevention
             Research Group},
   Title = {Individual and family predictors of the perpetration of
             dating violence and victimization in late
   Journal = {Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
   Volume = {42},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {536-550},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {April},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Teen dating violence is a crime of national concern with
             approximately one-fourth of adolescents reporting
             victimization of physical, psychological, or sexual dating
             violence each year. The present study examined how
             aggressive family dynamics in both childhood and early
             adolescence predicted the perpetration of dating violence
             and victimization in late adolescence. Children (n = 401, 43
             % female) were followed from kindergarten entry to the age
             of 18 years. Early adolescent aggressive-oppositional
             problems at home and aggressive-oppositional problems at
             school each made unique predictions to the emergence of
             dating violence in late adolescence. The results suggest
             that aggressive family dynamics during childhood and early
             adolescence influence the development of dating violence
             primarily by fostering a child's oppositional-aggressive
             responding style initially in the home, which is then
             generalized to other contexts. Although this study is
             limited by weaknesses detailed in the discussion, the
             contribution of longitudinal evidence including parent,
             teacher, and adolescent reports from both boys and girls, a
             dual-emphasis on the prediction of perpetration and
             victimization, as well as an analysis of both relations
             between variables and person-oriented group comparisons
             combine to make a unique contribution to the growing
             literature on adolescent partner violence.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10964-012-9810-7},
   Key = {fds328784}

   Author = {Schwartz, D and Lansford, JE and Dodge, KA and Pettit, GS and Bates,
   Title = {The Link Between Harsh Home Environments and Negative
             Academic Trajectories Is Exacerbated by Victimization in the
             Elementary School Peer Group},
   Journal = {Developmental Psychology},
   Volume = {49},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {305-316},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {February},
   ISSN = {0012-1649},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1037/a0028249},
   Key = {fds271951}

   Author = {Lansford, JE and Staples, AD and Bates, JE and Pettit, GS and Dodge,
   Title = {Trajectories of mothers’ discipline strategies and
             interparental conflict: Interrelated change during middle
   Journal = {Journal of Family Communication},
   Volume = {13},
   Pages = {178-195},
   Year = {2012},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1080/15267431.2013.796947},
   Key = {fds271944}

   Author = {Putnick, DL and Bornstein, MH and Lansford, JE and Chang, L and Deater-Deckard, K and Giunta, LD and Gurdal, S and Dodge, KA and Malone,
             PS and Oburu, PO and Pastorelli, C and Skinner, AT and Sorbring, E and Tapanya, S and Tirado, LMU and Zelli, A and Alampay, LP and Al-Hassan,
             SM and Bacchini, D and Bombi, AS},
   Title = {Agreement in Mother and Father Acceptance-Rejection, Warmth,
             and Hostility/Rejection/ Neglect of Children Across Nine
   Journal = {Cross-Cultural Research},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {191-223},
   Year = {2012},
   ISSN = {1069-3971},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {The authors assessed whether mothers' and fathers'
             self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and
             hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their preadolescent
             children differ cross-nationally and relative to the gender
             of the parent and child in 10 communities in 9 countries,
             including China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the
             Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States (N =
             998 families). Mothers and fathers in all countries reported
             a high degree of acceptance and warmth, and a low degree of
             HRN, but countries also varied. Mothers reported greater
             acceptance of children than fathers in China, Italy, Sweden,
             and the United States, and these effects were accounted for
             by greater self-reported warmth in mothers than in fathers
             in China, Italy, the Philippines, Sweden, and Thailand and
             less HRN in mothers than in fathers in Sweden. Fathers
             reported greater warmth than mothers in Kenya. Mother and
             father acceptance-rejection were moderately correlated.
             Relative levels of mother and father acceptance and
             rejection appear to be country specific. © 2012 SAGE
   Doi = {10.1177/1069397112440931},
   Key = {fds272021}

   Author = {Kam, C-M and Greenberg, MT and Bierman, KL and Coie, JD and Dodge, KA and Foster, ME and Lochman, JE and McMahon, RJ and Pinderhughes, EE and Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group},
   Title = {Maternal depressive symptoms and child social preference
             during the early school years: mediation by maternal warmth
             and child emotion regulation.},
   Journal = {Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {365-377},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {April},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This longitudinal study examined processes that mediate the
             association between maternal depressive symptoms and peer
             social preference during the early school years. Three
             hundred and fifty six kindergarten children (182 boys) and
             their mothers participated in the study. During
             kindergarten, mothers reported their level of depressive
             symptomatology. In first grade, teachers rated children's
             emotion regulation at school and observers rated the
             affective quality of mother-child interactions. During
             second grade, children's social preference was assessed by
             peer nomination. Results indicated that mothers' level of
             depressive symptomatology negatively predicted their child's
             social preference 2 years later, controlling for the family
             SES and teacher-rated social preference during kindergarten.
             Among European American families, the association between
             maternal depressive symptoms and social preference was
             partially mediated by maternal warmth and the child's
             emotion regulation. Although the relation between maternal
             depressive symptoms and children peer preference was
             stronger among African American families than Europrean
             American families, its mediation by the maternal warmth and
             child's emotion regulation was not found in African American
   Doi = {10.1007/s10802-010-9468-0},
   Key = {fds272029}

   Author = {Berlin, L.J. and Appleyard, K. and Dodge, K.A.},
   Title = {Intergenerational continuity in child maltreatment:
             Mediating mechanisms and implications for
   Journal = {Child Development},
   Volume = {82},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {162-176},
   Year = {2011},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01547.x},
   Key = {fds191683}

   Author = {Wager, L and Lansford, JE and Bates, JE and Dodge, KA and Pettit,
   Title = {Reasoning, denying privileges, yelling, and spanking: Ethnic
             differences and associations with child externalizing
   Journal = {Parenting: Science and Practice},
   Year = {2011},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1080/15295192.2011.613727},
   Key = {fds272012}

   Author = {Lansford, JE and Bornstein, MH and Dodge, KA and Skinner, AT and Putnick, DL and Deater-Deckard, K},
   Title = {Attributions and Attitudes of Mothers and Fathers in the
             United States.},
   Journal = {Parenting},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {199-213},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {1529-5192},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {OBJECTIVE.: The present study examined mean level
             similarities and differences as well as correlations between
             U.S. mothers' and fathers' attributions regarding successes
             and failures in caregiving situations and progressive versus
             authoritarian attitudes. DESIGN.: Interviews were conducted
             with both mothers and fathers in 139 European American,
             Latin American, and African American families. RESULTS.:
             Interactions between parent gender and ethnicity emerged for
             adult-controlled failure and perceived control over failure.
             Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and
             child-controlled failure attributions than did mothers,
             whereas mothers reported attitudes that were more
             progressive and modern than did fathers; these differences
             remained significant after controlling for parents' age,
             education, and possible social desirability bias. Ethnic
             differences emerged for five of the seven attributions and
             attitudes examined; four remained significant after
             controlling for parents' age, education, and possible social
             desirability bias. Medium effect sizes were found for
             concordance between parents in the same family for
             attributions regarding uncontrollable success,
             child-controlled failure, progressive attitudes,
             authoritarian attitudes, and modernity of attitudes after
             controlling for parents' age, education, and possible social
             desirability bias. CONCLUSIONS.: This work elucidates ways
             that parent gender and ethnicity relate to attributions
             regarding U.S. parents' successes and failures in caregiving
             situations and to their progressive versus authoritarian
             parenting attitudes.},
   Doi = {10.1080/15295192.2011.585567},
   Key = {fds272023}

   Author = {Deater Deckard and K and Lansford, JE and Malone, PS and Alampay, LP and Sorbring, E and Bacchini, D and Bombi, AS and Bornstein, MH and Chang,
             L and Di Giunta and L and Dodge, KA and Oburu, P and Pastorelli, C and Skinner, AT and Tapanya, S and Tirado, LMU and Zelli, A and Al Hassan,
   Title = {The association between parental warmth and control in
             thirteen cultural groups},
   Journal = {Journal of Family Psychology},
   Volume = {25},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {791-794},
   Year = {2011},
   ISSN = {0893-3200},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {The goal of the current study was to investigate potential
             cross-cultural differences in the covariation between two of
             the major dimensions of parenting behavior: control and
             warmth. Participants included 1,421 (51% female) 7- to
             10-year-old (M = 8.29, SD = .67 years) children and their
             mothers and fathers representing 13 cultural groups in nine
             countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and
             North and South America. Children and parents completed
             questionnaires and interviews regarding mother and father
             control and warmth. Greater warmth was associated with more
             control, but this association varied widely between cultural
             groups. © 2011 American Psychological Association.},
   Doi = {10.1037/a0025120},
   Key = {fds272026}

   Author = {Donahue, KL and D'Onofrio, BM and Bates, JE and Lansford, JE and Dodge,
             KA and Pettit, GS},
   Title = {Early exposure to parents' relationship instability:
             Implications for sexual behavior and depression in
   Journal = {Journal of Adolescent Health},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {547-554},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {1054-139X},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Purpose: Examine the effects of the timing of parents'
             relationship instability on adolescent sexual and mental
             health. Methods: We assessed whether the timing of parents'
             relationship instability predicted adolescents' history of
             sexual partnerships (SP) and major depressive episodes.
             Multivariate logistic regression analyses controlled for
             potential mediators related to parenting and the family,
             including parent knowledge of activities, parent-child
             relationship quality, number of parents' post-separation
             relationship transitions, and number of available
             caregivers. Participants were assessed annually from age 5
             through young adulthood as part of a multisite community
             sample (N = 585). Results: Participants who experienced
             parents' relationship instability before age 5 were more
             likely to report SP at age 16 (odds ratio [OR]adj = 1.58) or
             an episode of major depression during adolescence (ORadj =
             2.61). Greater parent knowledge at age 12 decreased the odds
             of SP at age 16, but none of the hypothesized parenting and
             family variables statistically mediated the association
             between early instability and SP or major depressive
             episode. Conclusions: These results suggest that
             experiencing parents' relationship instability in early
             childhood is associated with sexual behavior and major
             depression in adolescence, but these associations are not
             explained by the parenting and family variables included in
             our analyses. Limitations of the current study and
             implications for future research are discussed. © 2010
             Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights
   Doi = {10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.04.004},
   Key = {fds272015}

   Author = {Yu, T and Pettit, GS and Lansford, JE and Dodge, KA and Bates,
   Title = {The interactive effects of marital conflict and divorce on
             parent - adult children's relationships},
   Journal = {Journal of Marriage and Family},
   Volume = {72},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {282-292},
   Year = {2010},
   ISSN = {0022-2445},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This study examines main effect and interactive models of
             the relations between marital conflict, divorce, and parent
             - adult child relationships and gender differences in these
             relations. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of a
             community sample (N = 585). Parental marital conflict and
             divorce were measured from age 5 through age 17 years.
             Mother-child and father-child relationship quality at age 22
             years was assessed in terms of closeness-support and
             conflict-control. Results indicated that both marital
             conflict and divorce are associated with poorer quality
             parent - adult child relationships. Divorce moderated the
             link between marital conflict and subsequent negativity in
             mother-child relationships, with the estimated effects being
             stronger in continuously married families than in divorced
             families, especially for women. Copyright © National
             Council on Family Relations, 2010.},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00699.x},
   Key = {fds272051}

   Author = {Ellis, BJ and Bates, JE and Dodge, KA and Fergusson, DM and Horwood, LJ and Pettit, GS and Woodward, L},
   Title = {Does Father Absence Place Daughters at Special Risk for
             Early Sexual Activity and Teenage Pregnancy?},
   Journal = {Child Development},
   Volume = {74},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {801-821},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {The impact of father absence on early sexual activity and
             teenage pregnancy was investigated in longitudinal studies
             in the United States (N = 242) and New Zealand (N = 520), in
             which community samples of girls were followed prospectively
             from early in life (5 years) to approximately age 18.
             Greater exposure to father absence was strongly associated
             with elevated risk for early sexual activity and adolescent
             pregnancy. This elevated risk was either not explained (in
             the U.S. study) or only partly explained (in the New Zealand
             study) by familial, ecological, and personal disadvantages
             associated with father absence. After controlling for
             covariates, there was stronger and more consistent evidence
             of effects of father absence on early sexual activity and
             teenage pregnancy than on other behavioral or mental health
             problems or academic achievement. Effects of father absence
             are discussed in terms of life-course adversity,
             evolutionary psychology, social learning, and behavior
             genetic models.},
   Doi = {10.1111/1467-8624.00569},
   Key = {fds272137}

   Author = {Pinderhughes, and E, E and Nix, and R, and Foster, and M, E and Jones, and D, and Dodge, TCPPRGKA and member},
   Title = {Parenting in context: Impact of neighborhood poverty,
             residential stability, public services, social networks, and
             danger on parental behaviors},
   Journal = {Journal of Marriage and the Family},
   Volume = {63},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {941-953},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This prospective longitudinal study examined the unique and
             combined effects of neighborhood characteristics on parental
             behaviors in the context of more distal and more proximal
             influences. With a sample of 368 mothers from high-risk
             communities in 4 parts of the United States, this study
             examined relations between race (African American or
             European American), locality (urban or rural), neighborhood
             characteristics, family context, and child problem
             behaviors, and parental warmth, appropriate and consistent
             discipline, and harsh interactions. Analyses testing
             increasingly proximal influences on parenting revealed that
             initial race differences in warmth and consistent discipline
             disappeared when neighborhood influences were considered.
             Although generally culture and context did not moderate
             other relations found between neighborhood characteristics,
             family context, and child behaviors, the few interactions
             found highlight the complex influences on
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00941.x},
   Key = {fds272183}

   Author = {Schwartz, D and Dodge, KA and Pettit, GS and Bates,
   Title = {Friendship as a moderating factor in the pathway between
             early harsh home environment and later victimization in the
             peer group. The Conduct Problems Prevention Research
   Journal = {Developmental Psychology},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {646-662},
   Year = {2000},
   ISSN = {0012-1649},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Two prospective investigations of the moderating role of
             dyadic friendship in the developmental pathway to peer
             victimization are reported. In Study 1, the preschool home
             environments (i.e., harsh discipline, marital conflict,
             stress, abuse, and maternal hostility) of 389 children were
             assessed by trained interviewers. These children were then
             followed into the middle years of elementary school, with
             peer victimization, group social acceptance, and friendship
             assessed annually with a peer nomination inventory. In Study
             2, the home environments of 243 children were assessed in
             the summer before 1st grade, and victimization, group
             acceptance, and friendship were assessed annually over the
             next 3 years. In both studies, early harsh, punitive, and
             hostile family environments predicted later victimization by
             peers for children who had a low number of friendships.
             However, the predictive associations did not hold for
             children who had numerous friendships. These findings
             provide support for conceptualizations of friendship as a
             moderating factor in the pathways to peer group
   Doi = {10.1037//0012-1649.36.5.646},
   Key = {fds272160}

   Author = {Orrell Valente and JK and Pinderhughes, EE and Valente, E and Laird, RD and The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group,
   Title = {If It's Offered, Will They Come? Influences on Parents'
             Participation in a Community-Based Conduct Problems
             Prevention Program},
   Journal = {American Journal of Community Psychology},
   Volume = {27},
   Pages = {757-787},
   Year = {1999},
   url = {},
   Key = {fds272171}

   Author = {Nix, RL and Pinderhughes, EE and Dodge, KA and Bates, JE and Pettit, GS and McFadyen-Ketchum, SA},
   Title = {The relation between mothers' hostile attribution tendencies
             and children's externalizing behavior problems: The
             mediating role of mothers' harsh discipline
   Journal = {Child Development},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {896-909},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0009-3920},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This study examined relations among mothers' hostile
             attribution tendencies regarding their children's ambiguous
             problem behaviors, mothers' harsh discipline practices, and
             children's externalizing behavior problems. A community
             sample of 277 families (19% minority representation) living
             in three geographic regions of the United States was
             followed for over 4 years. Mothers' hostile attribution
             tendencies were assessed during the summer prior to
             children's entry into kindergarten through their responses
             to written vignettes. Mothers' harsh discipline practices
             were assessed concurrently through ratings by interviewers
             and reports by spouses. Children's externalizing behavior
             problems were assessed concurrently through written
             questionnaires by mothers and fathers and in the spring of
             kindergarten and first, second, and third grades through
             reports by teachers and peer sociometric nominations.
             Results of structural equations models demonstrated that
             mothers' hostile attribution tendencies predicted children's
             future externalizing behavior problems at school and that a
             large proportion of this relation was mediated by mothers'
             harsh discipline practices. These results remained virtually
             unchanged when controlling for initial levels of children's
             prekindergarten externalizing behavior problems at
   Doi = {10.1111/1467-8624.00065},
   Key = {fds272172}

   Author = {Ellis, BJ and McFadyen-Ketchum, S and Dodge, KA and Pettit, GS and Bates, JE},
   Title = {Quality of early family relationships and individual
             differences in the timing of pubertal maturation in girls: A
             longitudinal test of an evolutionary model},
   Journal = {Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
   Volume = {77},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {387-401},
   Year = {1999},
   ISSN = {0022-3514},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {In an 8-year prospective study of 173 girls and their
             families, the authors tested predictions from J. Belsky, L.
             Steinberg, and P. Draper's (1991) evolutionary model of
             individual differences in pubertal timing. This model
             suggests that more negative-coercive (or less
             positive-harmonious) family relationships in early childhood
             provoke earlier reproductive development in adolescence.
             Consistent with the model, fathers' presence in the home,
             more time spent by fathers in child care, greater
             supportiveness in the parental dyad, more father-daughter
             affection, and more mother-daughter affection, as assessed
             prior to kindergarten, each predicted later pubertal timing
             by daughters in 7th grade. The positive dimension of family
             relationships, rather than the negative dimension, accounted
             for these relations. In total, the quality of fathers'
             investment in the family emerged as the most important
             feature of the proximal family environment relative to
             daughters' pubertal timing. ,.},
   Doi = {10.1037/0022-3514.77.2.387},
   Key = {fds272175}

   Author = {Bierman, K.L. and Greenberg, M.T. and the Conduct Problems
             Prevention Research Group (K.A. Dodge and member)},
   Title = {Integrating social skill training interventions with parent
             training and family-focused support to prevent conduct
             disorder in high risk populations: The FAST Track Multi-Site
             Demonstration Project},
   Pages = {256-264},
   Booktitle = {Understanding aggressive behavior in children},
   Publisher = {New York, NY: Annals of the New York Academy of
   Editor = {C.F. Ferris and T. Grisso},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1749-6632.1996.tb32526.x},
   Key = {fds38991}

   Author = {McMahon, R.J. and Slough, N. and the Conduct Problems Prevention
             Research Group (K.A. Dodge and member)},
   Title = {Family-based intervention in the FAST Track
   Pages = {90-110},
   Booktitle = {Preventing childhood disorders, substance use, and
   Publisher = {Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage},
   Editor = {R. Dev. Peters and R.J. McMahon},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds39000}

   Author = {Stormshak, and A, E and Bellanti, and J, C and Bierman, and L, K and Dodge,
             TCPPRGKA and member},
   Title = {The quality of the sibling relationship and the development
             of social competence and behavioral control in aggressive
   Journal = {Developmental Psychology},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-11},
   Year = {1996},
   ISSN = {0012-1649},
   Abstract = {To understand the relations between sibling interactions and
             the social adjustment of children with behavior problems, 53
             aggressive 1st- and 2nd-grade children, their mothers, and
             their siblings were interviewed about positive and negative
             aspects of the sibling relationship. When conflict and
             warmth were considered together, 3 types of sibling dyads
             emerged: conflictual (high levels of conflict, low levels of
             warmth), involved (moderate levels of conflict and warmth),
             and supportive (low levels of conflict, high levels of
             warmth). On most measures of social adjustment at school,
             children in involved sibling relationships showed better
             adjustment than did children in conflictual relationships.
             Results are discussed in terms of a developmental model for
             at-risk children in which some sibling relationships may
             foster the development of social skills in addition to
             providing emotional support, which may enhance adjustment at
             school. Copyright 1996 by the American Psychological
             Association, Inc.},
   Key = {fds272231}

   Author = {Pettit, GS and Clawson, MA and Dodge, KA and Bates,
   Title = {Stability and change in peer-rejected status: The role of
             child behavior, parenting, and family ecology},
   Journal = {Merrill-Palmer Quarterly},
   Volume = {42},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {267-294},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Antecedents and correlates of peer rejection in kindergarten
             and first grade were examined. Interviews with 585 mothers
             provided data on parenting and family ecology. Child
             behavior was indexed by peer and teacher ratings. Children
             were classified as sociometrically accepted in both grades,
             rejected in only one grade, or rejected in both grades.
             Compared to accepted children, rejected children were more
             likely to come from lower SES families in which restrictive
             discipline occurred at a high rate, and were more aggressive
             and less socially and academically skilled. Children
             rejected in both grades were more aggressive than children
             rejected in one grade. Decreases in aggression and increases
             in academic performance were shown by children whose status
             improved across grades, with the opposite pattern shown by
             children whose status worsened. Findings are discussed in
             terms of the etiology and maintenance of peer rejection in
             the early school years.},
   Key = {fds272232}

   Author = {Bates, J.E. and Pettit, G.S. and Dodge, K.A.},
   Title = {Family and child factors in stability and change in
             children's aggressiveness in elementary school},
   Pages = {124-138},
   Booktitle = {Coercion and punishment in long-term perspectives},
   Publisher = {New York: Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {J. McCord},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds38983}

   Author = {Harnish, JD and Dodge, KA and Valente, E},
   Title = {Mother-child interaction quality as a partial mediator of
             the roles of maternal depressive symptomatology and
             socioeconomic status in the development of child behavior
             problems.Conduct Problems Prevention Research
   Journal = {Child development},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {739-753},
   Year = {1995},
   ISSN = {0009-3920},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This investigation examined the relation between maternal
             depressive symptomatology and the development of
             externalizing behavior problems in children by incorporating
             mother-child interaction quality into a series of models. A
             representative sample of 376 first-grade boys and girls
             (mean age = 6.52) from diverse backgrounds (234 from the
             lowest 2 socioeconomic classes) and their mothers completed
             an interaction task designed to measure the quality of
             mother-child interaction. Latent variable structural
             equations analyses revealed that mother-child interaction
             quality partially mediated the relation between maternal
             depressive symptomatology and child behavior problems even
             when the effects of socioeconomic status on both variables
             were taken into account. Although this model held for boys,
             girls, and Caucasians, the relation between maternal
             depression and interaction quality was not significant for
             African-Americans. Further investigation is required to
             understand the lack of generalizability of the model to
             African-American mother-child dyads.},
   Doi = {10.2307/1131947},
   Key = {fds272240}

   Author = {Pettit, GS and Bates, JE and Dodge, KA},
   Title = {Family interaction patterns and children's conduct problems
             at home and school: A longitudinal perspective},
   Journal = {School Psychology Review},
   Volume = {22},
   Pages = {401-418},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds272269}

   Author = {Dodge, KA},
   Title = {Developmental Psychopathology in Children of Depressed
   Journal = {Developmental Psychology},
   Volume = {26},
   Series = {Special section},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {3-6},
   Editor = {K.A. Dodge},
   Year = {1990},
   ISSN = {0012-1649},
   Abstract = {It is suggested that the tripartite model by Parke,
             MacDonald, Beitel, and Bhavnagri (1988) of the ways that
             parents influence their child's social development might be
             used to organize the study of abnormal development in
             children of depressed mothers. Parents influence their child
             through dyadic interaction, coaching and teaching practices,
             and managing their child's social environment. Disruption in
             each of these areas has been associated with parental
             psychopathology and has been implicated in the development
             of deviant child outcomes. The components of a theoretical
             model of developmental psychopathology are outlined, as well
             as theoretical and methodological problems that have yet to
             be resolved. Issues of concern include the heterogeneity of
             maternal diagnoses; distinguishing among genetic, parenting,
             and environmental effects; matching the level of behavioral
             analysis with the question being answered; the heterogeneity
             of child outcomes; age-related effects; bidirectional
             influences; and the role of paternal psychopathology.},
   Key = {fds271968}

   Author = {Pettit, GS and Dodge, KA and Brown, MM},
   Title = {Early family experience, social problem solving patterns,
             and children's social competence},
   Journal = {Child Development},
   Volume = {59},
   Pages = {107-120},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds272190}

   Author = {Gurwitz, SB and Dodge, KA},
   Title = {Adults' evaluations of a child as a function of sex of adult
             and sex of child},
   Journal = {Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {822-828},
   Year = {1975},
   ISSN = {0022-3514},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {26 male and 26 female undergraduates watched a videotape of
             a 3-yr-old child who was identified as either a girl or a
             boy; they then rated the child on a number of personality
             and ability measures. Males' ratings on many of the measures
             were more favorable for the "girl" than for the "boy,"
             whereas females' ratings were more favorable for the "boy"
             than for the "girl." There was also a main effect for sex of
             S, with females rating the child more favorably than males.
             (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights
             reserved). © 1975 American Psychological
   Doi = {10.1037//0022-3514.32.5.822},
   Key = {fds272202}