Kenneth A. Dodge

Publications of Kenneth A. Dodge    :recent first  combined  by tags listing:

%% Journal Articles   
   Author = {Ladd, HF and Muschkin, CG and Dodge, KA},
   Title = {From birth to school: Early childhood initiatives and
             third-grade outcomes in North Carolina},
   Journal = {Journal of Policy Analysis and Management},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {162-187},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0276-8739},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This study examines the community-wide effects of two
             statewide early childhood policy initiatives in North
             Carolina. One initiative provides funding to improve the
             quality of child care services at the county level for all
             children between the ages of 0 to 5, and the other provides
             funding for preschool slots for disadvantaged
             four-year-olds. Differences across counties in the timing of
             the rollout and in the magnitude of the state financial
             investments per child provide the variation in programs
             needed to estimate their effects on schooling outcomes in
             third grade. We find robust positive effects of each program
             on third-grade test scores in both reading and math. These
             effects can best be explained by a combination of direct
             benefits for participants and spillover benefits for others.
             Our preferred models suggest that the combined average
             effects on test scores of investments in both programs at
             2009 funding levels are equivalent to two to four months of
             instruction in grade 3. © 2013 by the Association for
             Public Policy Analysis and Management.},
   Doi = {10.1002/pam.21734},
   Key = {fds271934}