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Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Faculty: Publications since January 2018

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%% Baker, Paul A.   
   Author = {Guédron, S and Tolu, J and Brisset, E and Sabatier, P and Perrot, V and Bouchet, S and Develle, AL and Bindler, R and Cossa, D and Fritz, SC and Baker, PA},
   Title = {Late Holocene volcanic and anthropogenic mercury deposition
             in the western Central Andes (Lake Chungará,
   Journal = {The Science of the Total Environment},
   Volume = {662},
   Pages = {903-914},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {April},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Volcanism is one of the major natural processes emitting
             mercury (Hg) to the atmosphere, representing a significant
             component of the global Hg budget. The importance of
             volcanic eruptions for local-scale Hg deposition was
             investigated using analyses of Hg, inorganic elemental
             tracers, and organic biomarkers in a sediment sequence from
             Lake Chungará (4520 m a.s.l.). Environmental change and
             Hg deposition in the immediate vicinity of the Parinacota
             volcano were reconstructed over the last 2700 years,
             encompassing the pre-anthropogenic and anthropogenic
             periods. Twenty eruptions delivering large amounts of Hg (1
             to 457 μg Hg m-2 yr-1 deposited at the timescale of
             the event) were locally recorded. Peaks of Hg concentration
             recorded after most of the eruptions were attributed to a
             decrease in sedimentation rate together with the rapid
             re-oxidation of gaseous elemental Hg and deposition with
             fine particles and incorporation into lake primary
             producers. Over the study period, the contribution of
             volcanic emissions has been estimated as 32% of the total Hg
             input to the lake. Sharp depletions in primary production
             occurred at each eruption, likely resulting from massive
             volcaniclastic inputs and changes in the lake-water
             physico-chemistry. Excluding the volcanic deposition
             periods, Hg accumulation rates rose from natural background
             values (1.9 ± 0.5 μg m-2 yr-1) by a factor of
             2.3 during the pre-colonial mining period
             (1400-900 yr cal. BP), and by a factor of 6 and 7.6,
             respectively, during the Hispanic colonial epoch
             (400-150 yr cal. BP) and the industrial era
             (~140 yr cal. BP to present). Altogether, the dataset
             indicates that lake primary production has been the main,
             but not limiting, carrier for Hg to the sediment. Volcanic
             activity and climate change are only secondary drivers of
             local Hg deposition relative to the magnitude of regional
             and global anthropogenic emissions.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.294},
   Key = {fds341716}

   Author = {Marsh, EJ and Bruno, MC and Fritz, SC and Baker, P and Capriles, JM and Hastorf, CA},
   Title = {IntCal, SHCal, or a Mixed Curve? Choosing a 14 C
             Calibration Curve for Archaeological and Paleoenvironmental
             Records from Tropical South America},
   Journal = {Radiocarbon},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {925-940},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {June},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the
             University of Arizona. Because the 14 C calibration curves
             IntCal and SHCal are based on data from temperate latitudes,
             it remains unclear which curve is more suitable for
             archaeological and paleoenvironmental records from tropical
             South America. A review of climate dynamics reveals a
             significant influx of Northern Hemisphere air masses and
             moisture over a substantial part of the continent during the
             South American Summer Monsoon (SASM). Areas affected by the
             SASM receive unknown amounts of input from both hemispheres,
             where an argument could be made for either curve. Until
             localized tree-ring data can resolve this, we suggest using
             a mixed calibration curve, which accounts for inputs from
             both hemispheres, as a third calibration option. We present
             a calibration example from a crucial period of environmental
             and cultural change in the southern Lake Titicaca. Given our
             current lack of data on past 14 C variation in South
             America, our calibrations and chronologies will likely
             change in the future. We hope this paper spurs new research
             into this topic and encourages researchers to make an
             informed and explicit choice of which curve to use, which is
             particularly relevant in research on past
             human-environmental relationships.},
   Doi = {10.1017/RDC.2018.16},
   Key = {fds336120}

   Author = {Spanbauer, TL and Fritz, SC and Baker, PA},
   Title = {Punctuated changes in the morphology of an endemic diatom
             from Lake Titicaca},
   Journal = {Paleobiology},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {89-100},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 The Paleontological Society. All rights reserved.
             High levels of biodiversity and endemism in ancient lakes
             have motivated research on evolutionary processes in these
             systems. Drill-core records from Lake Titicaca (Bolivia,
             Peru), an ancient lake in the high-elevation Altiplano,
             record the history of climate, landscape dynamics, and
             diatom evolution. That record was used to examine the
             patterns and drivers of morphological evolution of an
             endemic species complex of diatoms in the lake, the
             Cyclostephanos andinus complex. In an attempt to delineate
             species within the complex based on morphology, no
             discernible evidence was found for species separation based
             on an ordination analysis of multiple characters, but
             multiple populations were detected based on the distribution
             of valve size in individual samples. Likelihood modeling of
             phyletic evolution showed that size evolved through
             punctuated change. Correlation of size trends with
             environmental variables indicates that C. andinus size
             responded to regional environmental change driven by global
             processes that influenced Lake Titicaca by affecting lake
             level and thermal stratification.},
   Doi = {10.1017/pab.2017.27},
   Key = {fds336122}

   Author = {Terborgh, JW and Davenport, LC and Belcon, AU and Katul, G and Swenson,
             JJ and Fritz, SC and Baker, PA},
   Title = {Twenty-three-year timeline of ecological stable states and
             regime shifts in upper Amazon oxbow lakes},
   Journal = {Hydrobiologia},
   Volume = {807},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {99-111},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2017, Springer International Publishing AG. Regime shifts
             in shallow lakes are often associated with anthropogenic
             impacts, such as land-use change, non-point source nutrient
             loading, and overfishing. These shifts have mostly been
             examined in lakes in temperate and boreal regions and within
             anthropogenically disturbed basins. Here, it is demonstrated
             that tropical floodplain lakes in a region of virtually no
             human disturbance naturally undergo frequent regime shifts.
             We demonstrate this using satellite imagery to provide a
             23-year time series of 22-oxbow lakes or “cochas” along
             300 km of the Manu River in SE Perú. In any year, a
             majority of these lakes is in a macrophyte-free,
             phytoplankton-dominated state. However, over the 23 years
             covered by images, roughly a third of the lakes experienced
             abrupt shifts to a floating macrophyte state. Macrophyte
             cover persisted for ≤ 3 year. Analysis of water level
             fluctuations sampled on a subset of the lakes for 1 year
             suggests that lake isolation from streams and the main river
             facilitates regime shifts. Multiple forcing factors, both
             internal and external to the lakes themselves, could drive
             the observed regime shifts, but insufficient data exist from
             this remote region to identify the key processes.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10750-017-3384-z},
   Key = {fds332368}

%% Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo   
   Author = {Bonilla-Silva, E},
   Title = {Feeling Race: Theorizing the Racial Economy of
   Journal = {American Sociological Review},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-25},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© American Sociological Association 2018. In this
             presidential address, I advance a theoretical sketch on
             racialized emotions—the emotions specific to racialized
             societies. These emotions are central to the racial edifice
             of societies, thus, analysts and policymakers should
             understand their collective nature, be aware of how they
             function, and appreciate the existence of variability among
             emoting racial subjects. Clarity on these matters is key for
             developing an effective affective politics to challenge any
             racial order. After the sketch, I offer potential strategies
             to retool our racial emotive order as well as our racial
             selves. I end my address urging White sociologists to
             acknowledge the significance of racism in sociology and the
             emotions it engenders and to work to advance new personal
             and organizational anti-racist practices.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0003122418816958},
   Key = {fds341342}

   Author = {Bonilla-Silva, E},
   Title = {“Racists,” “Class Anxieties,” Hegemonic Racism, and
             Democracy in Trump’s America},
   Journal = {Social Currents},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {14-31},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© The Southern Sociological Society 2018. In this address,
             I challenge dominant narratives explaining the rise of
             Trumpism in America. Specifically, I dispute four ideas that
             have emerged to account for Trump’s election. First, I
             suggest that understanding his election as the product of
             the political activities of the “racists” severely
             limits our understanding of racism as a collective
             phenomenon. Second, I question the notion that Trump’s
             working class support was due to “class anxieties.”
             Third, I argue that despite the rise in old-fashioned racism
             in Trump’s America, the new racism and its ideology of
             color-blindness are still hegemonic. Last, I ask analysts
             and activists alike to realize that the fight for democracy
             in the turbulent times we are living cannot be equated with
             an effort to return to “politics as usual,” politics
             that have maintained the matrix of domination in
   Doi = {10.1177/2329496518804558},
   Key = {fds340762}

   Author = {Bonilla-Silva, E},
   Title = {Toward a New Political Praxis for Trumpamerica: New
             Directions in Critical Race Theory},
   Journal = {American Behavioral Scientist},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2019 SAGE Publications. The election of 45 brought
             significant questions about race (and race-class) that merit
             theoretical consideration. My goal in this article is to
             discuss how racial theory applies to three main themes that
             followed the 2016 election: (a) dealing with the
             “racists”?, (b) the anxieties of the poor and White
             working class, and (c) hegemonic racism in Trumpamerica. I
             also briefly outline where I think racial theory needs to
             develop to combat racism in Trumpamerica.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0002764219842614},
   Key = {fds343397}

%% Clements, Dennis A.   
   Author = {Saleh, E and Eichner, B and Clark, DW and Gagliano, ME and Troutman, JM and Harrington, L and McNeal, M and Clements, D},
   Title = {Open-Label Pilot Study to Compare the Safety and
             Immunogenicity of Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine (RV5)
             Administered on an Early Alternative Dosing Schedule with
             Those of RV5 Administered on the Recommended Standard
   Journal = {J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {82-85},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This study compares the safety and immunogenicity of
             pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) administered on an
             alternative schedule (initiated at 2-5 weeks of age) with
             those of RV5 administered on the recommended standard
             schedule. Our findings support the future conduct of larger
             clinical trials to confirm the safety and efficacy of
             rotavirus vaccination in the neonatal period.},
   Doi = {10.1093/jpids/pix005},
   Key = {fds333026}

%% Clifford, Joan   
   Author = {Clifford, J and Reisinger, DS},
   Title = {Community-Based Language Learning A Framework for
   Pages = {208 pages},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {November},
   ISBN = {1626166358},
   Abstract = {Community-based Language Learning offers the first manual
             for world language educators interested in community-based
             learning (CBL).},
   Key = {fds339421}

%% Dorfman, Ariel   
   Author = {Dorfman, A},
   Title = {Advice for Maduro},
   Journal = {Nation},
   Volume = {308},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {4-+},
   Publisher = {NATION CO INC},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds342519}

%% Gereffi, Gary   
   Author = {Li, F and Frederick, S and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {E-Commerce and Industrial Upgrading in the Chinese Apparel
             Value Chain},
   Journal = {Journal of Contemporary Asia},
   Volume = {49},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {24-53},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018, © 2018 Journal of Contemporary Asia. The economic
             and social gains from electronic commerce (e-commerce) that
             promote innovation, industry upgrading and economic growth
             have been widely discussed. China’s successful experience
             with e-commerce has had a positive effect in transforming
             consumer-goods sectors of the economy and motivating
             economic reform. This article looks at how e-commerce
             reduces barriers to entry and enables firms to move up the
             value chain by using the global value chain framework to
             analyse the impact of e-commerce on the upgrading
             trajectories and governance structures of China’s apparel
             industry. For large Chinese brands, e-commerce has enabled
             end-market diversification. For small- and medium-sized
             enterprises, e-commerce has facilitated entry with
             functional upgrading as well as end-market upgrading. In the
             “two-sided markets” created by platform companies, the
             “engaged consumers” are the demand side of this market,
             and “e-commerce focused apparel firms” are the supply
             side of the new market. Consumers and platforms are more
             directly involved in value creation within this emerging
             internet-based structure.},
   Doi = {10.1080/00472336.2018.1481220},
   Key = {fds335779}

   Author = {Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Global Value Chains and International Development:
             Framework, Findings and Policies [published in
   Publisher = {Shanghai People's Publishing House},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9787208148369},
   Abstract = {The nine chapters in this book, which are all authored or
             co-authored by Gary Gereffi, bring together many of the most
             important academic contributions to the global value chains
             (GVC) literature, which also have had considerable policy
             impact. Some of these articles reflect the early
             contributions of the scholars who were involved in the
             Rockefeller Foundation’s Global Value Chains Initiative
             (2000-2008), which was co-directed by Gary Gereffi (Duke
             University, Durham, NC, USA), John Humphrey (Institute of
             Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK), and Timothy
             Sturgeon (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,
             MA, USA). Other articles draw upon work carried out at Duke
             University’s Global Value Chains Center (Duke GVCC),
             founded by Gereffi in 2005 as a university-based research
             center to institutionalize and extend many of the insights
             established by the GVC Initiative. As a collection, these
             articles provide a solid foundation to understand the
             theoretical, methodological and empirical contributions that
             have made the GVC framework so central to contemporary
             development programs in a wide range of international
             development organizations and national governments.},
   Key = {fds331551}

   Author = {Marchi, VD and Maria, ED and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Local Clusters in Global Value Chains Linking Actors and
             Territories Through Manufacturing and Innovation},
   Pages = {230 pages},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {1351723995},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {This book is of interest to both researchers and
             policy-makers who are interested in the dynamic sources of
             competitive advantage in the global economy.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9781315182049},
   Key = {fds329108}

   Author = {De Marchi and V and Di Maria and E and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Industrial Districts, Clusters and Global Value Chains:
             Toward in Integrated Framework},
   Pages = {1-18},
   Booktitle = {Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and
             Territories through Manufacturing and Innovation},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Editor = {De Marchi and V and Di Maria and E and Gereffi, G},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {978-1-138-74286-4},
   Key = {fds328961}

   Author = {De Marchi and V and Gereffi, G and Grandinetti, R},
   Title = {Evolutionary Trajectories of Industrial Districts in Global
             Value Chains},
   Pages = {33-50},
   Booktitle = {Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and
             Territories through Manufacturing and Innovation.},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Editor = {De Marchi and V and Di Maria and E and Gereffi, G},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {978-1-138-74286-4},
   Key = {fds328962}

   Author = {De Marchi and V and Di Maria and E and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {New Frontiers for Competitiveness and Innovation in Cluster
             and Value-Chain Research},
   Pages = {213-225},
   Booktitle = {Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and
             Territories through Manufacturing and Innovation},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Editor = {De Marchi and V and Di Maria and E and Gereffi, G},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781138742864},
   Key = {fds328963}

   Author = {Wu, X and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Amazon and Alibaba: Internet governance, business models,
             and internationalization strategies},
   Volume = {13},
   Pages = {327-356},
   Booktitle = {Progress in International Business Research},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2019 by Emerald Publishing Limited All rights of
             reproduction in any form reserved. In the digital economy,
             what are the strategies of multinationals from developed
             countries and emerging markets? How do regulations in the
             home country affect their growth? Recent digital
             multinationals in diverse national and institutional
             contexts raise questions that require new approaches in
             international business (IB) studies. This chapter examines
             two leading firms in the global e-commerce industry: Amazon
             and Alibaba. We compare their digital capabilities and
             physical asset-building strategies over the past two decades
             and we connect the Internet governance environment in the
             United States and China with their business models and
             internationalization patterns. We argue that despite the
             platform and global nature of Amazon’s and Alibaba’s
             activities, the recent moves of governments across the world
             to regulate Internet governance poses an important challenge
             for digital multinationals. This research features a
             comparative analysis of two prominent digital multinationals
             and identifies a promising area for future IB strategy
   Doi = {10.1108/S1745-886220180000013014},
   Key = {fds343728}

   Author = {Christian, M and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Fast-food value chains and childhood obesity: A global
   Pages = {717-730},
   Booktitle = {Contemporary Endocrinology},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© Springer International Publishing AG 2018. As childhood
             obesity and overweight statistics continue to rise
             throughout the globe, a broader analysis regarding the
             economic, political, and social contexts that shape
             children's food choices is needed. This chapter advances a
             multilevel approach to studying childhood obesity by
             outlining a fast-food global value chain, with an emphasis
             on the role of fast-food corporations and their connection
             to dietary dependence. Dietary dependence posits that a
             country's mode of integration into the global economy
             accelerates its population's dependence on imported products
             and processed food from transnational corporations. Global
             fast-food expansion in China, India, and Russia illustrates
             how fast food directly shapes food availability and food
             options in the global market, strengthening and expanding
             dietary dependence on imported, processed, and fast-food
             varieties. Fast-food corporations continue to accelerate
             their global presence to offset pressure in the United
             States to provide healthier food options, although curbing
             the trend toward fast-food consumption has proven
             notoriously difficult everywhere.},
   Doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-68192-4_41},
   Key = {fds343396}

   Author = {Daly, J and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Tourism global value chains and Africa},
   Pages = {68-89},
   Booktitle = {Industries without Smokestacks: Industrialization in Africa
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780198821885},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© United Nations University World Institute for Development
             Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) 2018. Tourism is an important
             driver of economic growth around the world. While Europe
             remains the most visited continent in the world, Asia
             Pacific and Africa had the highest growth rates in visitors
             over the decade spanning 2005–14. With a wide array of
             animals and picturesque landscapes, Africa has long captured
             the imagination of international leisure travellers. In more
             recent years, the growing diversity of experiences in
             countries such as South Africa has helped fuel a record
             number of visitors. While the economic importance of tourism
             to Africa is a central characteristic throughout the
             continent, there is variance in its profile at both the
             regional and country levels. North Africa is the most
             vibrant tourism destination on the continent. Southern
             Africa has the second largest total tourism receipts behind
             North Africa, with its relatively high leisure spending.
             Central Africa, meanwhile, has the most underdeveloped
             tourism industry in the world.},
   Doi = {10.1093/oso/9780198821885.003.0004},
   Key = {fds343214}

   Author = {Christian, M and Gerreffi, G and Gereffi, G},
   Title = {Pediatric Obesity},
   Pages = {717-730},
   Booktitle = {Pediatric Obesity: Etiology, Pathogenesis and
   Publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
   Editor = {Freemark, MS},
   Year = {2018},
   ISBN = {9783319681917},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-68192-4},
   Key = {fds333511}

%% James, Sherman A.   
   Author = {James, S},
   Title = {John Henryism, Structural Racism, and Cardiovascular Health
             Risks in African Americans},
   Pages = {56-76},
   Booktitle = {Racism: State of the Evidence & Tools for the Public Health
   Publisher = {American Public Health Association},
   Editor = {Ford, C and Griffith, D and Bruce, M and Gilbert,
   Year = {2019},
   Key = {fds341974}

   Author = {Čvorović, J and James, SA},
   Title = {John Henryism, Gender and Self-reported Health Among
             Roma/Gypsies in Serbia.},
   Journal = {Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry},
   Volume = {42},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {295-314},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {June},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {We describe how self-reported health (SRH) varies with
             gender and John Henryism (a strong behavioral predisposition
             to engage in high-effort coping to overcome adversity) in a
             low income sample of Serbian Roma. Data were collected in
             2016 in several Roma settlements around Belgrade, Serbia.
             The sample consisted of 90 men and 112 women. In addition to
             John Henryism (JH), measured by a Serbian version of the
             John Henryism Scale, demographic data and data on SRH and
             family relationships dynamics were collected. SRH was
             positively correlated with age and JH, and negatively
             correlated with a history of chronic disease. Roma males and
             females differed significantly on JH and a number of other
             variables. For Roma women, multiple regression analyses
             revealed that a history of chronic disease, unemployment,
             age and daily stress level were negatively associated with
             SRH, while JH, SES and harmonious relationships with one's
             family/children were positively associated with SRH. For
             Roma men, there was no association between JH and SRH, but
             older age, being on welfare, a diagnosis of hypertension and
             extended family disputes were associated with poorer SRH.
             Hence, despite economic disadvantage and social exclusion
             from mainstream society, some Roma report good health and
             the ability to cope actively with economic disadvantage and
             social exclusion. This study adds to the literature on the
             cross-cultural relevance of JH theory for understanding
             health variations within socially and economically
             marginalized populations.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11013-017-9561-8},
   Key = {fds329777}

   Author = {Barber, S and Diez Roux and AV and Cardoso, L and Santos, S and Toste, V and James, S and Barreto, S and Schmidt, M and Giatti, L and Chor,
   Title = {At the intersection of place, race, and health in Brazil:
             Residential segregation and cardio-metabolic risk factors in
             the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health
   Journal = {Social Science & Medicine},
   Volume = {199},
   Pages = {67-76},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Residential segregation is the spatial manifestation of
             entrenched socioeconomic and racial inequities and is
             considered a fundamental cause of racial inequalities in
             health. Despite the well-documented racialized spatial
             inequalities that exist in urban areas throughout Brazil,
             few empirical investigations have examined the link between
             residential segregation and health and considered its
             implications for racial health inequalities in this setting.
             In the present study, we used data from the Brazilian
             Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (2008-2010) to examine
             the association between economic residential segregation and
             two major cardio-metabolic risk factors-hypertension and
             diabetes. We also examined whether associations were
             stronger for historically marginalized racial groups in
             Brazil. Residential segregation was calculated for
             study-defined neighborhoods using the Getis-Ord Local Gi*
             statistic and was based on household income data from the
             2010 IBGE demographic census. Multivariable logistic
             regression models were used to examine associations. In our
             sample, Blacks and Browns were more likely to live in
             economically segregated neighborhoods. After taking into
             account income, education, and other demographic
             characteristics we found that individuals living in the most
             economically segregated neighborhoods were 26% more likely
             to have hypertension and 50% more likely to have diabetes
             than individuals living in more affluent areas. Although
             Blacks and Browns living in highly segregated neighborhoods
             had higher prevalence of hypertension and diabetes compared
             to Whites, we observed no statistically significant racial
             differences in the associations with residential
             segregation. Our findings suggest that residential
             segregation may be an important structural determinant of
             cardio-metabolic risk factors in Brazil. Moreover, the
             systematic and disproportionate exposure of Blacks and
             Browns to highly segregated neighborhoods may implicate
             these settings as potential drivers of racial inequalities
             in cardio-metabolic risk factors in urban settings in
   Doi = {10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.05.047},
   Key = {fds331300}

   Author = {Lopes, GB and James, SA and Lopes, MB and Penalva, CC and Silva, CTJE and Matos, CM and Martins, MTS and Lopes, AA},
   Title = {John Henryism and Perceived Health among Hemodialysis
             Patients in a Multiracial Brazilian Population: the
   Journal = {Ethnicity & Disease},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {539-548},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Purpose:John Henryism (JH) is a strong behavioral
             predisposition to engage in high-effort coping with
             difficult socioenvironmental stressors. We investigated
             associations between JH and perceived general health (GH)
             among maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in a
             multiracial Brazilian population. Design:The 12-item John
             Henryism Acting Coping (JHAC) Scale was completed by 525
             patients enrolled in The Prospective Study of the Prognosis
             of Hemodialysis Patients (PROHEMO) in Salvador (Bahia)
             Brazil. JH scores could range from 12 to 60. The low and
             high JH groups were determined by a median split (<52 vs
             ≥52). The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey was used to
             determine GH score (range 0-100; higher means better
             health). Linear regression with extensive adjustments was
             used to test associations. Results:Mean age was 48.3±13.7
             years; 38.7% were female; 11.4% were White, 29.1% were Black
             and 59.4% were mixed race. JH was positively associated with
             higher GH in the whole sample (adjusted difference
             [AdjDif]=7.14, 95% CI= 2.98, 11.3) and similarly in men and
             women. A strong positive association between JH and GH was
             observed in non-Whites but not in Whites; (AdjDif in Blacks
             =16.4, 95% CI=8.37, 24.4). Also, a strong positive
             association between JH and GH was observed for patients aged
             <60 years (AdjDif =9.04, 95% CI = 4.46, 13.6) but not for
             older patients. Conclusions:The results indicate that MHD
             patients engaged in high-effort coping with
             socioenvironmental stressors as demonstrated by high JH tend
             to feel more positively about their overall health. This
             seems to be especially the case for non-White and younger
   Doi = {10.18865/ed.28.4.539},
   Key = {fds339614}

%% Matory, J. Lorand   
   Author = {Matory, JL},
   Title = {The Fetish Revisited: Marx, Freud, and the Gods Black People
   Pages = {384 pages},
   Publisher = {Duke University Press},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {October},
   ISBN = {1478002433},
   Abstract = {Marx, Freud, and the Gods Black People Make J. Lorand
             Matory. Eshu (Èṣù, Yorùbá god), 1–2, 3f, 285–32,
             plate 1. See also Elegguá; Exu; Legba Èṣù (also Eshu or
             Elégbára; Yorùbá god), 1,3f, plate 1. See Elegguá; Exu;
             Legba ethnographic&nbsp;...},
   Key = {fds343644}

   Author = {Apter, A},
   Title = {Oduduwa’s Chain: Locations of Culture in the
   Journal = {African and Black Diaspora: an International
   Pages = {1-5},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {August},
   Key = {fds343645}

%% Milian, Claudia   
   Author = {Milian, C},
   Title = {LatinX studies: Variations and velocities},
   Journal = {Cultural Dynamics},
   Volume = {31},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {3-15},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© The Author(s) 2019. At the core of this Cultural Dynamics
             special issue on “LatinX Studies: Variations and
             Velocities” are new conceptual approaches, epistemological
             workings, “keywords,” and modes of inquiry that enable
             us to theorize LatinX Studies and global LatinXness for the
             twenty-first century. Bringing together different research
             communities from art, art history, cultural anthropology,
             cultural studies, geography, history, journalism, and
             literature, this exploratory undertaking offers a working
             language on present-day LatinX preoccupations to seize what
             is happening contemporaneously in light of the field’s
             “X” and to disseminate it in a usable format like this
             journal. The volume’s contributors—Jill Anderson, Gloria
             Elizabeth Chacón, Nicholas De Genova, María DeGuzmán,
             Rene Galvan, Hilda Lloréns and Maritza Stanchich, Mark
             Overmyer-Velázquez, and Fredo Rivera—put forward new
             formulations and models for Latino/a Studies in considering
             LatinX geographies beyond the Americas; indigenous
             migrations and cultural production; Miami’s oceanic
             borderlands; environmental planetary problems and
             environmental knowledges; LatinX medical subjects; and
             deported exiles. The breadth of foci herein invites further
             problematization and dialogue with implications and
             relevance to other fields.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0921374019826196},
   Key = {fds343358}

   Author = {Milian, C},
   Title = {Crisis management and the Latinx child},
   Journal = {English Language Notes},
   Volume = {56},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {8-24},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {October},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 Regents of the University of Colorado. This article
             takes into consideration Valeria Luiselli's Tell Me How It
             Ends: An Essay in Forty Questions, a nonfictional work about
             unaccompanied Central American minors coming to the United
             States and the immigration questionnaire they must navigate
             to determine their US admissibility. The essay explores how
             the Northern Triangle's minor-the outré LatinX child-is
             made into the word on bureaucratic paper. It probes a
             genealogy of temporary American beginnings and delves into
             the expulsed Central American child as a newcomer, a
             migrant, and the beginning of something else: a LatinX
             phenomenon of-and in-crisis.},
   Doi = {10.1215/00138282-6960680},
   Key = {fds341008}

   Author = {Milian, C},
   Title = {The mesoamerican corridor, central American transits, and
             Latina/o becomings},
   Pages = {674-690},
   Booktitle = {The Cambridge History of Latina/o American
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781107183087},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© Cambridge University Press 2018. In a podcast interview
             with the online project Radio Ambulante, spearheaded by
             Daniel Alarcón, the novelist spoke with Salvadoran
             journalist Óscar Martínez about his acclaimed book, The
             Beast: Riding the Rails and Dodging Narcos on the Migrant
             Trail. Martínez characterized Central Americans’ perilous
             movements through Mexico - as they travel up toward the
             United States on freight trains - as a crossing “through
             the most unknown Mexico, the Mexico of public lands, of
             small towns, but never the Mexico of resources. The Mexico
             of traintracks, not of highways” (Alarcón, 2014).
             Alarcón queried Martínez about The Beast’s title in
             Spanish - Los migrantes que no importan (2010) - and how the
             original heading, “The Migrants that Don’t Matter,”
             “has much more anger … a rage and a denunciation”
             (Alarcón, 2014). The Beast, Alarcón gauged, is “more
             poetic” (ibid). Something is amiss in Alarcón’s
             interpretation. Anger and poetic sensibility aside, Los
             migrantes que no importan cannot be equivalently translated
             into English as “The Migrants that Don’t Matter.” The
             train, in this geography, has shifted in meaning. Whereas
             the freight train was once made and used for the carrying of
             commodities that were packaged for delivery to other places,
             it is now Central American people who have become
             commodities themselves. This industrial and efficient mode
             of transporting goods is the only viable option for the
             movement of many Central Americans from the “Northern
             Triangle” of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. The
             urgency of the matter at hand - why as Martínez told
             National Public Radio (NPR), “Central America is
             bleeding” and “what it is that so many [Central
             Americans] are fleeing from” - would be lost in the United
             States, collapsed with mainstream perceptions on the
             threatening, brown tide of undocumented Latino and Latina
             migration (NPR, October 24, 2013). As Mae Ngai has shown,
             the production of the illegal alien depends on “a new
             legal and political subject, whose inclusion within the
             nation [is] simultaneously a social reality and a legal
             impossibility” (4). Needless to add, I do not minimize the
             magnitude of what is happening with regard to U.S.
             undocumented Latino migrations, the separation of families,
             social and national hierarchies, human rights violations,
             and, in Saskia Sassen’s general overview, “the
             unsettlements of daily life” (2009, 228).},
   Doi = {10.1017/9781316869468.035},
   Key = {fds335769}

%% Nelson, Diane M.   
   Author = {Nelson, DM},
   Title = {Low intensities},
   Journal = {Current Anthropology},
   Volume = {60},
   Number = {S19},
   Pages = {S122-S133},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2019 by The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological
             Research. All rights reserved. This essay opens with one of
             hundreds of massacres carried out in the early 1980s in
             Guatemala by agents of the military state. The killing was
             meant to depopulate the Rio Negro valley to make way for a
             hydroelectric dam. Like much of the violence of the 36-year
             conflict, it was low-tech and carried out by civil
             patrollers, which is perhaps why the Guatemalan civil war
             was considered a “low intensity conflict” by US Army
             definitions: “below conventional war … employing
             political, economic, informational, and military
             instruments.” I suggest that these instruments encompass
             what many anthropologists call culture. While beginning with
             a moment of spectacular violence, the essay then traces the
             mundane, everyday political and economic embeddings of
             militarism into Guatemalan social institutions, life,
             conditions of possibility, meaning systems, and abilities to
             affect and be affected. A history of the present, it traces
             the paramil-itarization of the army/government in the 1960s
             and 1970s via the development of death squads and other
             clandestine bodies and illicit networks that shape state
             functioning today. Yet it also explores the intensities of
             countercultures of militarism, the networks that have forced
             perpetrator accountability, reparations, and state
             recognition of Mayan peoples and their rights to defend
             their territories from accumulation by dispossession.},
   Doi = {10.1086/701040},
   Key = {fds341372}

%% Olcott, Jocelyn   
   Author = {Olcott, J},
   Title = {Public in a domestic sense: Sex work, nation-building, and
             class identification in modern Europe},
   Journal = {American Historical Review},
   Volume = {123},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {124-131},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press (OUP)},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© The Author(s) 2018. In their contributions to this AHR
             Forum, Joanne M. Ferraro, Emma Griffin, and Rebecca Jinks
             explore intimate and affective aspects of women's lives in
             three European settings over two centuries, taking on the
             formidable task of investigating the thoughts and emotions
             of subjects who themselves are no longer alive and left no
             archival traces of their own. The articles range in
             geographic area-from Britain to Venice to Armenia- and in
             topical focus-from labor and commerce to emotions and
             families to nation-building and humanitarianism. They also
             range methodologically, drawing on autobiographies,
             semi-judicial cases, and relief workers' reports.
             Ultimately, though, the authors are left attempting to
             discern the voices of refugees, sex workers, and
             working-class mothers through the mediations of reformers,
             notaries, and the women's own children.1All three of these
             essays continue a return to materiality, not in the sense of
             the neo-materialist critique of anthropocentrism, but rather
             in the sense of highlighting actions, experiences, and
             structures more than discursive, cultural, or symbolic
             aspects of human experience. None of the authors ignores
             these latter elements, but they all understand such factors
             as inextricable from more quotidian considerations such as
             violence, budgets, commercial relations, and labor
   Doi = {10.1093/ahr/123.1.124},
   Key = {fds335514}

%% Pimm, Stuart L.   
   Author = {Ghosh-Harihar, M and An, R and Athreya, R and Borthakur, U and Chanchani, P and Chetry, D and Datta, A and Harihar, A and Karanth, KK and Mariyam, D and Mohan, D and Onial, M and Ramakrishnan, U and Robin, VV and Saxena, A and Shahabuddin, G and Thatte, P and Vijay, V and Wacker, K and Mathur, VB and Pimm, SL and Price, TD},
   Title = {Protected areas and biodiversity conservation in
   Journal = {Biological Conservation},
   Volume = {237},
   Pages = {114-124},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {September},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Three well-supported generalizations in
             conservation biology are that developing tropical countries
             will experience the greatest biodiversity declines in the
             near future, they are some of the least studied areas in the
             world, and in these regions especially, protection requires
             local community support. We assess these generalizations in
             an evaluation of protected areas in India. The 5% of India
             officially protected covers most ecoregions and protected
             areas have been an important reason why India has suffered
             no documented species extinctions in the past 70 years.
             India has strong legislation favouring conservation,
             government investment focused on 50 Tiger Reserves, and
             government compensation schemes that facilitate local
             support, all of which brighten future prospects. However,
             many protected areas are too small to maintain a full
             complement of species, making connectivity and species use
             of buffer zones a crucial issue. Conservation success and
             challenges vary across regions according to their
             development status. In less developed areas, notably the
             biodiverse northeast Himalaya, protected areas maintaining
             the highest biodiversity result from locally-focused efforts
             by dedicated individuals. Across India, we demonstrate
             considerable opportunities to increase local income through
             ecotourism. Our evaluation confirms a lack of data,
             increasing threats, and the importance of local support.
             Research on biodiversity in buffer zones, development of
             long-term monitoring schemes, and assessment of cash and
             conservation benefits from tourism are in particular need.
             For policy makers, two main goals should be the development
             of monitoring plans for ‘eco-sensitive zones’ around
             protected areas, and a strong emphasis on preserving
             established protected areas.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.biocon.2019.06.024},
   Key = {fds344647}

   Author = {Tian, Z and Liu, X and Fan, Z and Liu, J and Pimm, SL and Liu, L and Garcia,
             C and Songer, M and Shao, X and Skidmore, A and Wang, T and Zhang, Y and Chang, Y and Jin, X and Gong, M and Zhou, L and He, X and Dang, G and Zhu, Y and Cai, Q},
   Title = {The next widespread bamboo flowering poses a massive risk to
             the giant panda},
   Journal = {Biological Conservation},
   Volume = {234},
   Pages = {180-187},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {June},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2019 The Authors The IUCN Red List has downgraded several
             species from “endangered” to “vulnerable” that still
             have largely unknown extinction risks. We consider one of
             those downgraded species, the giant panda, a bamboo
             specialist. Massive bamboo flowering could be a natural
             disaster for giant pandas. Using scenario analysis, we
             explored possible impacts of the next bamboo flowering in
             the Qinling and Minshan Mountains that are home to most
             giant pandas. Our results showed that the Qinling Mountains
             could experience large-scale bamboo flowering leading to a
             high risk of widespread food shortages for the giant pandas
             by 2020. The Minshan Mountains could similarly experience a
             large-scale bamboo flowering with a high risk for giant
             pandas between 2020 and 2030 without suitable alternative
             habitat in the surrounding areas. These scenarios highlight
             thus-far unforeseen dangers of conserving giant pandas in a
             fragmented habitat. We recommend advance measures to protect
             giant panda from severe population crashes when flowering
             happens. This study also suggests the need to anticipate and
             manage long-term risks to other downgraded
   Doi = {10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.030},
   Key = {fds342393}

   Author = {Vijay, V and Reid, CD and Finer, M and Jenkins, CN and Pimm,
   Title = {Deforestation risks posed by oil palm expansion in the
             Peruvian Amazon},
   Journal = {Environmental Research Letters},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {11},
   Pages = {114010-114010},
   Publisher = {IOP Publishing},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {November},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.
             Further expansion of agriculture in the tropics is likely to
             accelerate the loss of biodiversity. One crop of concern to
             conservation is African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). We
             examined recent deforestation associated with oil palm in
             the Peruvian Amazon within the context of the region's other
             crops. We found more area under oil palm cultivation (845
             km2) than did previous studies. While this comprises less
             than 4% of the cropland in the region, it accounted for 11%
             of the deforestation from agricultural expansion from
             2007-2013. Patches of oil palm agriculture were larger and
             more spatially clustered than for other crops, potentially
             increasing their impact on local habitat fragmentation.
             Modeling deforestation risk for oil palm expansion using
             climatic and edaphic factors showed that sites at lower
             elevations, with higher precipitation, and lower slopes than
             those typically used for intensive agriculture are at
             long-term risk of deforestation from oil palm agriculture.
             Within areas at long-term risks, based on CART models, areas
             near urban centers, roads, and previously deforested areas
             are at greatest short-term risk of deforestation. Existing
             protected areas and officially recognized indigenous
             territories cover large areas at long-term risk of
             deforestation for oil palm (>40%). Less than 7% of these
             areas are under strict (IUCN I-IV) protection. Based on
             these findings, we suggest targeted monitoring for oil palm
             deforestation as well as strengthening and expanding
             protected areas to conserve specific habitats.},
   Doi = {10.1088/1748-9326/aae540},
   Key = {fds339864}

   Author = {Carter, NH and Bouley, P and Moore, S and Poulos, M and Bouyer, J and Pimm,
   Title = {Climate change, disease range shifts, and the future of the
             Africa lion.},
   Journal = {Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for
             Conservation Biology},
   Volume = {32},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {1207-1210},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {October},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1111/cobi.13102},
   Key = {fds336962}

   Author = {Gagné, TO and Hyrenbach, KD and Hagemann, ME and Bass, OL and Pimm, SL and MacDonald, M and Peck, B and Van Houtan and KS},
   Title = {Seabird trophic position across three ocean regions tracks
             ecosystem differences},
   Journal = {Frontiers in Marine Science},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {SEP},
   Publisher = {FRONTIERS MEDIA SA},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {September},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 Gagné, Hyrenbach, Hagemann, Bass, Pimm, MacDonald,
             Peck and Van Houtan. We analyze recently collected feather
             tissues from two species of seabirds, the sooty tern
             (Onychoprion fuscatus) and brown noddy (Anous stolidus), in
             three ocean regions (North Atlantic, North Pacific, and
             South Pacific) with different human impacts. The species are
             similar morphologically and in the trophic levels from which
             they feed within each location. In contrast, we detect
             reliable differences in trophic position amongst the
             regions. Trophic position appears to decline as the
             intensity of commercial fishing increases, and is at its
             lowest in the Caribbean. The spatial gradient in trophic
             position we document in these regions exceeds those detected
             over specimens from the last 130 years in the Hawaiian
             Islands. Modeling suggests that climate velocity and human
             impacts on fish populations strongly align with these
   Doi = {10.3389/fmars.2018.00317},
   Key = {fds338072}

   Author = {Pimm, SL and Jenkins, CN and Li, BV},
   Title = {How to protect half of Earth to ensure it protects
             sufficient biodiversity.},
   Journal = {Science Advances},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {eaat2616},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {August},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {It is theoretically possible to protect large fractions of
             species in relatively small regions. For plants, 85% of
             species occur entirely within just over a third of the
             Earth's land surface, carefully optimized to maximize the
             species captured. Well-known vertebrate taxa show similar
             patterns. Protecting half of Earth might not be necessary,
             but would it be sufficient given the current trends of
             protection? The predilection of national governments is to
             protect areas that are "wild," that is, typically remote,
             cold, or arid. Unfortunately, those areas often hold
             relatively few species. Wild places likely afford the easier
             opportunities for the future expansion of protected areas,
             with the expansion into human-dominated landscapes the
             greater challenge. We identify regions that are not
             currently protected, but that are wild, and consider which
             of them hold substantial numbers of especially small-ranged
             vertebrate species. We assess how successful the strategy of
             protecting the wilder half of Earth might be in conserving
             biodiversity. It is far from sufficient. (Protecting large
             wild places for reasons other than biodiversity protection,
             such as carbon sequestration and other ecosystem services,
             might still have importance.) Unexpectedly, we also show
             that, despite the bias in establishing large protected areas
             in wild places to date, numerous small protected areas are
             in biodiverse places. They at least partially protect
             significant fractions of especially small-ranged species.
             So, while a preoccupation with protecting large areas for
             the sake of getting half of Earth might achieve little for
             biodiversity, there is more progress in protecting
             high-biodiversity areas than currently appreciated.
             Continuing to prioritize the right parts of Earth, not just
             the total area protected, is what matters for
   Doi = {10.1126/sciadv.aat2616},
   Key = {fds337744}

   Author = {Montoya, JM and Donohue, I and Pimm, SL},
   Title = {Why a Planetary Boundary, If It Is Not Planetary, and the
             Boundary Is Undefined? A Reply to Rockström et
   Journal = {Trends in Ecology and Evolution},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {234},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {April},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.tree.2018.01.008},
   Key = {fds333252}

   Author = {Montoya, JM and Donohue, I and Pimm, SL},
   Title = {Planetary Boundaries for Biodiversity: Implausible Science,
             Pernicious Policies.},
   Journal = {Trends in Ecology and Evolution},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {71-73},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {The notion of a 'safe operating space for biodiversity' is
             vague and encourages harmful policies. Attempts to fix it
             strip it of all meaningful content. Ecology is rapidly
             gaining insights into the connections between biodiversity
             and ecosystem stability. We have no option but to understand
             ecological complexity and act accordingly.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.tree.2017.10.004},
   Key = {fds329828}

   Author = {Joppa, Lucas N. and Loarie, Scott R. and Pimm, Stuart
   Title = {On the protection of ``protected areas{''}},
   Volume = {105},
   Number = {18},
   Pages = {6673-6678},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0027-8424},
   Abstract = {Tropical moist forests contain the majority of terrestrial
             species. Human actions destroy between 1 and 2 million km(2)
             of such forests per decade, with concomitant carbon release
             into the atmosphere. Within these forests, protected areas
             are the principle defense against forest loss and species
             extinctions. Four regions-the Amazon, Congo, South American
             Atlantic Coast, and West Africa-once constituted about half
             the world's tropical moist forest. We measure forest cover
             at progressively larger distances inside and outside of
             protected areas within these four regions, using data-sets
             on protected areas and land-cover. We find important
             geographical differences. In the Amazon and Congo, protected
             areas are generally large and retain high levels of forest
             cover, as do their surroundings. These areas are protected
             de facto by being inaccessible and will likely remain
             protected if they continue to be so. Deciding whether they
             are also protected de jure - that is, whether effective laws
             also protect them-is statistically difficult, for there are
             few controls. In contrast, protected areas in the Atlantic
             Coast forest and West Africa show sharp boundaries in forest
             cover at their edges. This effective protection of forest
             cover is partially offset by their very small size: little
             area is deep inside protected area boundaries. Lands outside
             protected areas in the Atlantic Coast forest are unusually
             fragmented. Finally, we ask whether global databases on
             protected areas are biased toward highly protected areas and
             ignore ``paper parks.{''} Analysis of a Brazilian database
             does not support this presumption.},
   Key = {ISI:000255841600030}

   Author = {Vale, Mariana M. and Alves, Maria Alice and Pimm, Stuart
   Title = {Biopiracy: conservationists have to rebuild lost
   Journal = {NATURE},
   Volume = {453},
   Number = {7191},
   Pages = {26},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0028-0836},
   Key = {ISI:000255398800017}

   Author = {Pimm, Stuart L.},
   Title = {Biodiversity: Climate change or habitat loss - Which will
             kill more species?},
   Journal = {CURRENT BIOLOGY},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {R117-R119},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0960-9822},
   Abstract = {Habitat loss and climate change both kill off species. New
             studies show that the latter is a potent threat. Worse, its
             victims will likely be mostly those not presently threatened
             by habitat loss.},
   Key = {ISI:000253233800014}

   Author = {Montoya, Jose M. and Pimm, Stuart L. and Sole, Ricard
   Title = {Ecological networks and their fragility},
   Journal = {NATURE},
   Volume = {442},
   Number = {7100},
   Pages = {259-264},
   Year = {2006},
   ISSN = {0028-0836},
   Abstract = {Darwin used the metaphor of a `tangled bank' to describe the
             complex interactions between species. Those interactions are
             varied: they can be antagonistic ones involving predation,
             herbivory and parasitism, or mutualistic ones, such as those
             involving the pollination of flowers by insects. Moreover,
             the metaphor hints that the interactions may be complex to
             the point of being impossible to understand. All
             interactions can be visualized as ecological networks, in
             which species are linked together, either directly or
             indirectly through intermediate species. Ecological
             networks, although complex, have well defined patterns that
             both illuminate the ecological mechanisms underlying them
             and promise a better understanding of the relationship
             between complexity and ecological stability.},
   Key = {ISI:000239122100029}

   Author = {Pimm, SL and Brown, JH},
   Title = {Domains of diversity},
   Journal = {SCIENCE},
   Volume = {304},
   Number = {5672},
   Pages = {831-833},
   Year = {2004},
   ISSN = {0036-8075},
   Key = {ISI:000221243000029}

   Author = {Ferraz, G and Russell, GJ and Stouffer, PC and Bierregaard,
             RO and Pimm, SL and Lovejoy, TE},
   Title = {Rates of species loss from Amazonian forest
   Volume = {100},
   Number = {24},
   Pages = {14069-14073},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0027-8424},
   Abstract = {In the face of worldwide habitat fragmentation, managers
             need to devise a time frame for action. We ask how fast do
             understory bird species disappear from experimentally
             isolated plots in the Biological Dynamics of Forest
             Fragments Project, central Amazon, Brazil. Our data consist
             of mist-net records obtained over a period of 13 years in 11
             sites of 1, 10, and 100 hectares. The numbers of captures
             per species per unit time, analyzed under different
             simplifying assumptions, reveal a set of species-loss
             curves. From those declining numbers, we derive a scaling
             rule for the time it takes to lose half the species in a
             fragment as a function of its area. A 10-fold decrease in
             the rate of species loss requires a 1,000-fold increase in
             area. Fragments of 100 hectares lose one half of their
             species in <15 years, too short a time for implementing
             conservation measures.},
   Key = {ISI:000186803800059}

   Author = {Sugihara, G and Bersier, LF and Southwood, TRE and Pimm, SL and May, RM},
   Title = {Predicted correspondence between species abundances and
             dendrograms of niche similarities},
   Volume = {100},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {5246-5251},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0027-8424},
   Abstract = {We examine a hypothesized relationship between two
             descriptions of community structure: the niche-overlap
             dendrogram that describes the ecological similarities of
             species and the pattern of relative abundances.
             Specifically, we examine the way in. which this relationship
             follows from the niche hierarchy model, whose fundamental
             assumption is a direct connection between abundances and
             underlying hierarchical community organization. We test
             three important, although correlated, predictions of the
             niche hierarchy model and show that they are upheld in a set
             of 11 communities (encompassing fishes, amphibians, lizards,
             and birds) where both abundances and dendrograms were
             reported. First, species that are highly nested in the
             dendrogram are on average less abundant than species from
             branches less subdivided. Second, and more significantly,
             more equitable community abundances are associated with more
             evenly branched dendrogram structures, whereas less
             equitable abundances are associated with less even
             dendrograms. This relationship shows that abundance patterns
             can give insight into less visible aspects of community
             organization. Third, one can recover the distribution of
             proportional abundances seen in assemblages containing two
             species by treating each branch point in the dendrogram as a
             two-species case. This reconstruction cannot be achieved if
             abundances and the dendrogram are unrelated and suggests a
             method for hierarchically decomposing systems. To our
             knowledge, this is the first test of a species abundance
             model based on nontrivial predictions as to the origins and
             causes of abundance patterns, and not simply on the
             goodness-of-fit of distributions.},
   Key = {ISI:000182612600052}

   Author = {Liu, JG and Ouyang, ZY and Pimm, SL and Raven, PH and Wang,
             XK and Miao, H and Han, NY},
   Title = {Protecting China's biodiversity},
   Journal = {SCIENCE},
   Volume = {300},
   Number = {5623},
   Pages = {1240-1241},
   Year = {2003},
   ISSN = {0036-8075},
   Key = {ISI:000183042400029}

   Author = {Pimm, SL and van Aarde, RJ},
   Title = {Population control - African elephants and
   Journal = {NATURE},
   Volume = {411},
   Number = {6839},
   Pages = {766},
   Year = {2001},
   ISSN = {0028-0836},
   Key = {ISI:000169246400037}

%% Rego, Marcia   
   Author = {Rego, M},
   Title = {Unadvisable},
   Journal = {Anthropology and Humanism},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {156},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {June},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1111/anhu.12209},
   Key = {fds335811}

%% Remmer, Karen L.   
   Author = {Minhas, S and Remmer, KL},
   Title = {The Reputational Impact of Investor-State
   Journal = {International Interactions},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {862-887},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {September},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis. To what extent do alleged
             violations of international commitments damage state
             reputation? This article explore this question with specific
             reference to investor-state disputes arising under the
             protection of international investment agreements. Its main
             contributions are threefold. First, building on the
             political institutions literature, the study places the
             theoretical importance of information about the rules of the
             game, and the actions of the participants at the center of
             analysis. Second, in contrast to prior empirical research,
             the study systematically analyzes the costs of state
             involvement in investment treaty arbitration by examining
             all known disputes. Third, the study addresses the impact of
             investment disputes on both foreign investment flows and
             state reputational rankings. We show that the consequences
             of investment disputes vary with the transparency of the
             investor-state dispute settlement process. The central
             implication of these findings for the broader body of
             literature on international institutions is that
             reputational mechanisms for effective treaty enforcement
             cannot be taken as given but instead need to be explored on
             the basis of a nuanced approach that addresses the pivotal
             issues of institutional design and information
   Doi = {10.1080/03050629.2018.1492384},
   Key = {fds337062}

   Author = {K.L. Remmer},
   Title = {The Outcomes of Investment Treaty Arbitration: A
   Pages = {144-172},
   Booktitle = {Yearbook of International Law and Policy
   Publisher = {New York: Oxford University Press},
   Editor = {Lisa Sachs and Lise Johnson},
   Year = {2018},
   Key = {fds339485}

   Author = {K.L. Remmer},
   Title = {Investment Treaty Arbitration in Latin America."},
   Journal = {Latin American Research Review},
   Volume = {54},
   Number = {4},
   Year = {2018},
   Key = {fds339484}

%% Shapiro - Garza, Elizabeth   
   Author = {Pfaff, A and Rodriguez, LA and Shapiro-Garza, E},
   Title = {Collective Local Payments for ecosystem services: New local
             PES between groups, sanctions, and prior watershed trust in
   Journal = {Water Resources and Economics},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Payments for ecosystem services (PES)
             programs are now high in number, if not always in impact.
             When groups of users pay groups of service providers,
             establishing PES involves collective action. We study the
             creation of collective PES institutions, and their
             continuation, as group coordination. We use framed
             lab-in-field experiments with hydroservices users and
             providers within watersheds participating in Mexico's
             Matching Funds program in Veracruz, Yucatan and Quintana Roo
             states. We explore the coordination of contributions between
             downstream users and upstream providers, plus effects of
             different types of sanctions that can affect expectations
             for both users and providers. Both information alone and
             sanctions raise contributions overall, although outcomes
             varied by site in line with our rankings of ‘watershed
             trust’. For instance, monetary sanctions raise
             contributions in the watershed we ranked high in trust, yet
             initially lowered them for the lowest-trust watershed. This
             suggests that upstream-downstream social capital will be
             central to new collective local PES, while our overall
             trends suggest social capital can be raised by successful
             coordination over time.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.wre.2019.01.002},
   Key = {fds344649}

   Author = {Van Hecken and G and Kolinjivadi, V and Windey, C and McElwee, P and Shapiro-Garza, E and Huybrechs, F and Bastiaensen,
   Title = {Silencing Agency in Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) by
             Essentializing a Neoliberal ‘Monster’ Into Being: A
             Response to Fletcher & Büscher's ‘PES
   Journal = {Ecological Economics},
   Volume = {144},
   Pages = {314-318},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2017 Elsevier B.V. In this commentary we respond to
             Fletcher and Büscher's (2017) recent article in this
             journal on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) as
             neoliberal ‘conceit’. The authors claim that focusing
             attention on the micro-politics of PES design and
             implementation fails to expose an underlying neoliberal
             governmentality, and therefore only reinforces neoliberal
             capitalism as both the problem and solution of ecological
             crises. In response, we argue that a focus on the actions of
             local actors is key to understanding how and why such
             governmentality fails or succeeds in performing as
             theorized. Grand generalizations fixated on a particular
             hegemonic and neoliberal PES ontology overlook how actors
             intertwine theory and practice in ways which cannot be
             explained by a dominant structural theory. Such
             generalizations risk obscuring the complexity and
             situational history, practice and scale of the processes
             involved. Rather than relegating variegated and hybrid forms
             of what actually emerges from PES interventions as
             neoliberal conceit, we argue that an actor-oriented, ‘weak
             theory’ approach permits PES praxis to inform knowledge
             generation. This would open up a more inclusive and
             politically engaging space for thinking about and realizing
             political change.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.10.023},
   Key = {fds331184}

   Author = {Osborne, T and Shapiro-Garza, E},
   Title = {Embedding Carbon Markets: Complicating Commodification of
             Ecosystem Services in Mexico's Forests},
   Journal = {Annals of the American Association of Geographers},
   Volume = {108},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {88-105},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Payments for ecosystem services (PES) are increasingly
             employed to address a range of environmental issues,
             including biodiversity conservation, watershed protection,
             and climate change mitigation. PES initiatives have gained
             momentum since the 1990s, and market enthusiasts have
             promoted them as not only cost effective but generative of
             social and ecological co-benefits for local communities.
             Whereas the neoliberalization and commodification of nature
             has been well explored in geographic and critical
             scholarship, there is a dearth of theoretically informed,
             empirically grounded research exploring the dynamics and
             outcomes of the formation of “markets for nature.” Our
             study applies theories of commodification and embeddedness
             to examine these themes in comparative cases of two emergent
             markets for forest-based carbon offsetting initiatives in
             Mexico: Scolel Té in Chiapas and the Integrator of
             Indigenous and Campesino Communities of Oaxaca (ICICO).
             Although developed over similar time periods and in
             contiguous states, the two cases vary greatly in the degree
             to which carbon has been commodified and the markets
             embedded within the socionatural systems of the sites of
             production. Through detailed case studies, we demonstrate
             how interactions of these markets with preexisting social
             relations, institutions, and social and cultural
             values—the stuff of embeddedness—are critical for
             understanding the outcomes associated with markets for
             ecosystem services. We conclude that greater embeddedness is
             likely to lead to more positive local outcomes but that the
             embedding of forest-based carbon markets requires
             considerable time and extensive networks of nonmarket
             support and is furthermore dependent on the structure and
             orientation of finance and the political, institutional, and
             economic agrarian context of the sites of
   Doi = {10.1080/24694452.2017.1343657},
   Key = {fds327855}

   Author = {E.N. Shapiro},
   Title = {Community Forum of the Ecosystem Marketplace},
   Journal = {Vol. 1, No. 4 & 5; Vol. 2, No. 1-9; Vol. 3 No. 1,
             www.EcosystemMarketplace.comStarn, Orin   
   Author = {Starn, O and Serna, ML},
   Title = {The Shining Path Love, Madness, and Revolution in the
   Pages = {384 pages},
   Publisher = {W.W. Norton},
   Year = {2019},
   ISBN = {0393292800},
   Abstract = {A narrative history of the unlikely Maoist rebellion that
             terrorized Peru even after the fall of global
   Key = {fds341430}

   Author = {Starn, O},
   Title = {Transnational fiesta: Twenty years later, Wilton Martinez
             and Paul Gelles (2017)},
   Journal = {Crossings},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {295-296},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {October},
   url = {},
   Doi = {10.1386/cjmc.9.2.292_5},
   Key = {fds343329}

%% Swenson, Jennifer J.   
   Author = {Panlasigui, S and Rico-Straffon, J and Pfaff, A and Swenson, J and Loucks, C},
   Title = {Impacts of certification, uncertified concessions, and
             protected areas on forest loss in Cameroon, 2000 to
   Journal = {Biological Conservation},
   Volume = {227},
   Pages = {160-166},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {November},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Deforestation and forest fragmentation
             are leading drivers of biodiversity loss. Protected areas
             have been the leading conservation policy response, yet
             their scale and scope remain inadequate to meet biodiversity
             conservation targets. Managed forest concessions
             increasingly have been recognized as a complement to
             protected areas in meeting conservation targets. Similarly,
             programs for voluntary third-party certification of
             concession management aim to create incentives for logging
             companies to manage forests more sustainably. Rigorous
             evidence on the impacts from large-scale certification
             programs is thereby critical, yet detailed field
             observations are limited, temporally and spatially.
             Remotely-sensed data, in contrast, can provide repeated
             observations over time and at a fine spatial scale, albeit
             with less detail. Using the Global Forest Change dataset, we
             examine annual forest loss in Cameroon during 2000–2013 to
             assess the impact of Forest Stewardship Council
             certification, as well as uncertified logging concessions
             and national parks. We use panel regressions that control
             for the effects of unobserved factors that vary across space
             or time. We find low forest loss inside the boundaries of
             each management intervention, with <1% lost over the study
             period. Yet those low levels of loss appear to be influenced
             more by a site's proximity to drivers of deforestation, such
             as distances to population centers or roads, than by
             national parks, uncertified concessions, or certification.
             The exception is that if a site faces high deforestation
             pressure, uncertified logging concessions appear to reduce
             forest loss. This may reflect private companies’
             incentives to protect rights to forest use. Such an
             influence of private logging companies could provide a
             foundation for future impacts from certification upon rates
             of forest loss, at least within areas that are facing
             elevated deforestation pressures.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.biocon.2018.09.013},
   Key = {fds338073}

   Author = {Schwantes, AM and Parolari, AJ and Swenson, JJ and Johnson, DM and Domec, J-C and Jackson, RB and Pelak, N and Porporato,
   Title = {Accounting for landscape heterogeneity improves spatial
             predictions of tree vulnerability to drought.},
   Journal = {The New Phytologist},
   Volume = {220},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {132-146},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {October},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {As climate change continues, forest vulnerability to
             droughts and heatwaves is increasing, but vulnerability
             varies regionally and locally through landscape position.
             Also, most models used in forecasting forest responses to
             heat and drought do not incorporate relevant spatial
             processes. In order to improve spatial predictions of tree
             vulnerability, we employed a nonlinear stochastic model of
             soil moisture dynamics accounting for landscape differences
             in aspect, topography and soils. Across a watershed in
             central Texas we modeled dynamic water stress for a dominant
             tree species, Juniperus ashei, and projected future dynamic
             water stress through the 21st century. Modeled dynamic water
             stress tracked spatial patterns of remotely sensed
             drought-induced canopy loss. Accuracy in predicting
             drought-impacted stands increased from 60%, accounting for
             spatially variable soil conditions, to 72% when also
             including lateral redistribution of water and
             radiation/temperature effects attributable to aspect. Our
             analysis also suggests that dynamic water stress will
             increase through the 21st century, with trees persisting at
             only selected microsites. Favorable microsites/refugia may
             exist across a landscape where trees can persist; however,
             if future droughts are too severe, the buffering capacity of
             an heterogeneous landscape could be overwhelmed.
             Incorporating spatial data will improve projections of
             future tree water stress and identification of potential
             resilient refugia.},
   Doi = {10.1111/nph.15274},
   Key = {fds336149}

   Author = {Schaffer-Smith, D and Swenson, JJ and Reiter, ME and Isola,
   Title = {Quantifying shorebird habitat in managed wetlands by
             modeling shallow water depth dynamics.},
   Journal = {Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological
             Society of America},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {1534-1545},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {September},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Over 50% of Western Hemisphere shorebird species are in
             decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation. In some
             regions of high wetland loss, shorebirds are heavily reliant
             on a core network of remaining human-managed wetlands during
             migration journeys in the spring and fall. While most
             refuges have been designed and managed to match the habitat
             needs of waterfowl, shorebirds typically require much
             shallower water (<10 cm deep). Traditional static habitat
             modeling approaches at relatively coarse spatial and
             temporal resolution are insufficient to capture dynamic
             changes within this narrow water depth range. Our objectives
             were to (1) develop a method to quantify shallow water
             habitat distributions in inland non-tidal wetlands, and (2)
             to assess how water management practices affect the amount
             of shorebird habitat in Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge
             Complex. We produced water depth distributions and modeled
             optimal habitat (<10 cm deep) within 23 managed wetlands
             using high-resolution topography and fixed-point water depth
             records. We also demonstrated that habitat availability,
             specifically suitable water depth ranges, can be tracked
             from satellite imagery and high-resolution topography. We
             found that wetlands with lower topographic roughness may
             have a higher potential to provide shorebird habitat and
             that strategically reducing water levels could increase
             habitat extent. Over 50% of the wetlands measured provided
             optimal habitat across <10% of their area at the peak of
             migration in early April, and most provided a brief duration
             of shallow water habitat. Reducing water volumes could
             increase the proportion of optimal habitat by 1-1,678%
             (mean = 294%) compared to actual volumes measured at peak
             spring migration in 2016. For wetlands with a high habitat
             potential, beginning wetland drawdown earlier and extending
             drawdown time could dramatically improve habitat conditions
             at the peak of shorebird migration. Our approach can be
             adapted to track dynamic hydrologic changes at broader
             spatial scales as additional high-resolution topographic
             (e.g., lidar, drone imagery photogrammetry) and optical
             remote sensing data (e.g., planet imagery, drone
             photography) become available.},
   Doi = {10.1002/eap.1732},
   Key = {fds336150}

   Author = {Gray, PC and Ridge, JT and Poulin, SK and Seymour, AC and Schwantes, AM and Swenson, JJ and Johnston, DW},
   Title = {Integrating drone imagery into high resolution satellite
             remote sensing assessments of estuarine environments},
   Journal = {Remote Sensing},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {8},
   Pages = {1257-1257},
   Publisher = {MDPI AG},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {August},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2018 by the authors. Very high-resolution satellite
             imagery (≤5 m resolution) has become available on a
             spatial and temporal scale appropriate for dynamic wetland
             management and conservation across large areas. Estuarine
             wetlands have the potential to be mapped at a detailed
             habitat scale with a frequency that allows immediate
             monitoring after storms, in response to human disturbances,
             and in the face of sea-level rise. Yet mapping requires
             significant fieldwork to run modern classification
             algorithms and estuarine environments can be difficult to
             access and are environmentally sensitive. Recent advances in
             unoccupied aircraft systems (UAS, or drones), coupled with
             their increased availability, present a solution. UAS can
             cover a study site with ultra-high resolution ( < 5 cm)
             imagery allowing visual validation. In this study we used
             UAS imagery to assist training a Support Vector Machine to
             classify WorldView-3 and RapidEye satellite imagery of the
             Rachel Carson Reserve in North Carolina, USA. UAS and
             field-based accuracy assessments were employed for
             comparison across validation methods. We created and
             examined an array of indices and layers including texture,
             NDVI, and a LiDAR DEM. Our results demonstrate
             classification accuracy on par with previous extensive
             fieldwork campaigns (93% UAS and 93% field forWorldView-3;
             92% UAS and 87% field for RapidEye). Examining change
             between 2004 and 2017, we found drastic shoreline change but
             general stability of emergent wetlands. Both WorldView-3 and
             RapidEye were found to be valuable sources of imagery for
             habitat classification with the main tradeoff
             beingWorldView's fine spatial resolution versus RapidEye's
             temporal frequency. We conclude that UAS can be highly
             effective in training and validating satellite
   Doi = {10.3390/rs10081257},
   Key = {fds337363}

   Author = {Seyednasrollah, B and Jennifer J. Swenson, and Jean-Christophe
             Domec, and James S. Clark},
   Title = {Leaf phenology paradox: Why warming matters most where it is
             already warm},
   Journal = {Remote Sensing of Environment},
   Volume = {209},
   Pages = {446-455},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {May},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Interactions between climate and ecosystem properties that
             control phenological responses to climate warming and
             drought are poorly understood. To determine contributions
             from these interactions, we used space-borne remotely sensed
             vegetation indices to monitor leaf development across
             climate gradients and ecoregions in the southeastern United
             States. We quantified how air temperature, drought severity,
             and canopy thermal stress contribute to changes in leaf
             flushing from mountainous to coastal plain regions by
             developing a hierarchical state-space Bayesian model. We
             synthesized daily field climate data with daily vegetation
             indices and canopy surface temperature during spring
             green-up season at 59 sites in the southeastern United
             States between 2001 and 2012. Our results demonstrated
             strong interaction effects between ecosystem properties and
             climate variables across ecoregions. We found spring
             green-up is faster in the mountains, while coastal forests
             express a larger sensitivity to inter-annual temperature
             anomalies. Despite our detection of a decreasing trend in
             sensitivity to warming with temperature in all regions, we
             identified an ecosystem interaction: Deciduous dominated
             forests are less sensitive to warming than are those with
             fewer deciduous trees, likely due to the continuous presence
             of leaves in evergreen species throughout the season.
             Mountainous forest green-up is more susceptible to
             intensifying drought and moisture deficit, while coastal
             areas are relatively resilient. We found that with
             increasing canopy thermal stress, defined as canopy-air
             temperature difference, leaf development slows following dry
             years, and accelerates following wet years.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.rse.2018.02.059},
   Key = {fds333558}

   Author = {Johnson, DM and Domec, J-C and Carter Berry and Z and Schwantes, AM and McCulloh, KA and Woodruff, DR and Wayne Polley and H and Wortemann, R and Swenson, JJ and Scott Mackay and D and McDowell, NG and Jackson,
   Title = {Co-occurring woody species have diverse hydraulic strategies
             and mortality rates during an extreme drought.},
   Journal = {Plant, Cell & Environment},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {576-588},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {March},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {From 2011 to 2013, Texas experienced its worst drought in
             recorded history. This event provided a unique natural
             experiment to assess species-specific responses to extreme
             drought and mortality of four co-occurring woody species:
             Quercus fusiformis, Diospyros texana, Prosopis glandulosa,
             and Juniperus ashei. We examined hypothesized mechanisms
             that could promote these species' diverse mortality patterns
             using postdrought measurements on surviving trees coupled to
             retrospective process modelling. The species exhibited a
             wide range of gas exchange responses, hydraulic strategies,
             and mortality rates. Multiple proposed indices of mortality
             mechanisms were inconsistent with the observed mortality
             patterns across species, including measures of the degree of
             iso/anisohydry, photosynthesis, carbohydrate depletion, and
             hydraulic safety margins. Large losses of spring and summer
             whole-tree conductance (driven by belowground losses of
             conductance) and shallower rooting depths were associated
             with species that exhibited greater mortality. Based on this
             retrospective analysis, we suggest that species more
             vulnerable to drought were more likely to have succumbed to
             hydraulic failure belowground.},
   Doi = {10.1111/pce.13121},
   Key = {fds332186}

   Author = {Terborgh, JW and Davenport, LC and Belcon, AU and Katul, G and Swenson,
             JJ and Fritz, SC and Baker, PA},
   Title = {Twenty-three-year timeline of ecological stable states and
             regime shifts in upper Amazon oxbow lakes},
   Journal = {Hydrobiologia},
   Volume = {807},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {99-111},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {© 2017, Springer International Publishing AG. Regime shifts
             in shallow lakes are often associated with anthropogenic
             impacts, such as land-use change, non-point source nutrient
             loading, and overfishing. These shifts have mostly been
             examined in lakes in temperate and boreal regions and within
             anthropogenically disturbed basins. Here, it is demonstrated
             that tropical floodplain lakes in a region of virtually no
             human disturbance naturally undergo frequent regime shifts.
             We demonstrate this using satellite imagery to provide a
             23-year time series of 22-oxbow lakes or “cochas” along
             300 km of the Manu River in SE Perú. In any year, a
             majority of these lakes is in a macrophyte-free,
             phytoplankton-dominated state. However, over the 23 years
             covered by images, roughly a third of the lakes experienced
             abrupt shifts to a floating macrophyte state. Macrophyte
             cover persisted for ≤ 3 year. Analysis of water level
             fluctuations sampled on a subset of the lakes for 1 year
             suggests that lake isolation from streams and the main river
             facilitates regime shifts. Multiple forcing factors, both
             internal and external to the lakes themselves, could drive
             the observed regime shifts, but insufficient data exist from
             this remote region to identify the key processes.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s10750-017-3384-z},
   Key = {fds329518}

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