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Publications [#237598] of Lee D. Baker

Published Articles

  1. Baker, LD, Racism in Professional Settings: Forms of Address as Clues to Power Relations, Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences, vol. 31 no. 2 (1995), pp. 186-201, SAGE Publications [pdf], [doi]
    (last updated on 2023/06/08)

    Since the Reagan administration, commitments to affirmative action programs have waned precipitously, inner cities have been decimated, high-paying manufacturing jobs have been replaced by high-tech service sector jobs, and a burgeoning Black middle class has developed; yet racial inequality persists. Although great strides have been made, people of color still confront racism in various arenas. One of the most difficult areas in which to identify subtle but pernicious forms of racism is professional office settings. This article explores how power relations are signified by subtle cultural rules. Specifically, it demonstrates how the cultural rules used by co-workers to address each other emerge as a way of articulating interethnic power relations in office settings. The research concludes that even the best efforts to diversify the workforce of an organization often perpetuate racial inequality because members of various ethnic groups are still under-represented in the top management positions. © 1995, Sage Publications. All rights reserved.