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Publications [#285766] of James W. Roberts

Journal Articles

  1. Mcdevitt, RC; Roberts, JW, Market structure and gender disparity in health care: Preferences, competition, and quality of care, The Rand Journal of Economics, vol. 45 no. 1 (March, 2014), pp. 116-139, WILEY, ISSN 0741-6261 [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/12/07)

    Abstract:
    We consider the relationship between market structure and health outcomes in a setting where patients have stark preferences: urology patients disproportionately match with a urologist of the same gender. In the United States, however, fewer than 6% of urologists are women despite women constituting 30% of patients. We explain a portion of this disparity with a model of imperfect competition in which urology groups strategically differentiate themselves by employing female urologists. These strategic effects may influence women's health, as markets without a female urologist have a 7.3% higher death rate for female bladder cancer, all else equal. © 2014, RAND.


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