**Papers Published**

- Edwards, A; Layton, AT,
*Cell Volume Regulation in the Proximal Tubule of Rat Kidney : Proximal Tubule Cell Volume Regulation.*, Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, vol. 79 no. 11 (November, 2017), pp. 2512-2533

(last updated on 2018/09/24)**Abstract:**

We developed a dynamic model of a rat proximal convoluted tubule cell in order to investigate cell volume regulation mechanisms in this nephron segment. We examined whether regulatory volume decrease (RVD), which follows exposure to a hyposmotic peritubular solution, can be achieved solely via stimulation of basolateral K[Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] channels and [Formula: see text]-[Formula: see text] cotransporters. We also determined whether regulatory volume increase (RVI), which follows exposure to a hyperosmotic peritubular solution under certain conditions, may be accomplished by activating basolateral [Formula: see text]/H[Formula: see text] exchangers. Model predictions were in good agreement with experimental observations in mouse proximal tubule cells assuming that a 10% increase in cell volume induces a fourfold increase in the expression of basolateral K[Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] channels and [Formula: see text]-[Formula: see text] cotransporters. Our results also suggest that in response to a hyposmotic challenge and subsequent cell swelling, [Formula: see text]-[Formula: see text] cotransporters are more efficient than basolateral K[Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] channels at lowering intracellular osmolality and reducing cell volume. Moreover, both RVD and RVI are predicted to stabilize net transcellular [Formula: see text] reabsorption, that is, to limit the net [Formula: see text] flux decrease during a hyposmotic challenge or the net [Formula: see text] flux increase during a hyperosmotic challenge.