We present experimental observations and quantified theoretical predictions of the nanoscale hydrodynamics induced by nanorod precession emulating primary cilia motion in developing embryos. We observe phenomena including micron size particles which exhibit epicyclic orbits with coherent fluctuations distinguishable from comparable amplitude thermal noise. Quantifying the mixing and transport physics of such motions on small scales is critical to understanding fundamental biological processes such as extracellular redistribution of nutrients. We present experiments designed to quantify the trajectories of these particles, which are seen to consist of slow orbits about the rod, with secondary epicycles quasicommensurate with the precession rate. A first-principles theory is developed to predict trajectories in such time-varying flows. The theory is further tested using a dynamically similar macroscale experiment to remove thermal noise effects. The excellent agreement between our theory and experiments confirms that the continuum hypothesis applies all the way to the scales of such submicron biological motions.