Publications of Kenneth I. Spenner

%% Books   
@book{fds298184,
   Author = {Otto, LB and Call, VRA and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Design for a Study of Entry into Careers},
   Publisher = {Lexington Books},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds298184}
}

@book{fds298185,
   Author = {Call, VRA and Otto, LB and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Tracking Respondents: A Multi-method Approach},
   Publisher = {Lexington Books},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds298185}
}

@book{fds298186,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Otto, LB and Call, VRA},
   Title = {Career Lines and Careers},
   Publisher = {Lexington Books},
   Year = {1982},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds298186}
}

@book{fds298187,
   Author = {Committee on Techniques for the Enhancement of Human
             Performance, and National Research Council, and et.
             al.},
   Title = {The Changing Nature of Work: Implications for Occupational
             Analysis},
   Publisher = {National Academy of Sciences Press},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds298187}
}


%% Papers Published   
@article{fds298207,
   Author = {Fink, EL and Rey, LD and Johnson, KW and Spenner, KI and Morton, DR and Flores, ET},
   Title = {The effects of family occupational type, sex, and appeal
             style on helping behavior},
   Journal = {Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {43-52},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {1975},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0022-1031},
   Abstract = {A campus blood donation drive provided an opportunity to
             examine the variables of family occupational type as a
             milieu for the socialization of altruism, appeal style
             stressing equity or dependency, and sex-role attitude
             (traditional and nontraditional) in influencing helping
             behavior. No effects are found for family occupational type
             dichotomized as bureaucratic and entrepreneurial. Males but
             not females respond to an appeal based on equity more than
             to an appeal based on the dependency of others. Among
             subjects of both sexes with nontraditional sex-role
             orientation, response to both appeals is similar, while
             among those of traditional sex-role orientation, response to
             the appeal of equity is much greater than to the appeal of
             dependency. Implications of the current restructuring of sex
             roles for altruism are indicated. © 1975 Academic Press,
             Inc. All Rights Reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/s0022-1031(75)80008-4},
   Key = {fds298207}
}

@article{fds298208,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {"The Internal Stratification of the Working Class": A
             Reanalysis},
   Journal = {American Sociological Review},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {513-513},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1975},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0003-1224},
   Doi = {10.2307/2094437},
   Key = {fds298208}
}

@article{fds298205,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Reply to Form},
   Journal = {American Sociological Review},
   Volume = {41},
   Pages = {160-65},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds298205}
}

@article{fds298211,
   Author = {Haller, A and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Occupational income differentiation in status
             attainment},
   Journal = {Rural Sociology},
   Volume = {42},
   Pages = {517-35},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds298211}
}

@article{fds298210,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Featherman, DL},
   Title = {Achievement Ambitions},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Sociology},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {373-420},
   Publisher = {ANNUAL REVIEWS},
   Year = {1978},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0360-0572},
   Doi = {10.1146/annurev.so.04.080178.002105},
   Key = {fds298210}
}

@article{fds298204,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Jobs across generations},
   Journal = {Career Education Quarterly},
   Volume = {4},
   Pages = {34-38},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds298204}
}

@article{fds298203,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Temporal Changes in Work Content},
   Journal = {American Sociological Review},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {968-968},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1979},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0003-1224},
   Doi = {10.2307/2094720},
   Key = {fds298203}
}

@article{fds298165,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Review of Schooling, Academic Performance and Occupational
             Attainment in a Non-Industrialized Society by S Heyneman and
             J Currie},
   Journal = {Children and Youth Social Service Review},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds298165}
}

@article{fds298206,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Occupational Characteristics and Classification
             Systems},
   Journal = {Sociological Methods & Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {239-264},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1980},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0049-1241},
   Abstract = {<jats:p> Recent social research shows a renewed interest in
             detailed characteristics of jobs. The Dictionary of
             Occupational Titles (DOT) and census classification systems
             as bases for measures of job features are reviewed. The
             article reports on a set of characteristics that have been
             estimated for detailed 1960 and 1970 census categories,
             including those generated by Temme and new indicators for
             routiniza tion and closeness of supervision in work. The
             report includes information on how the measures were
             generated, evidence on their validity as assessed against
             corresponding individual-level measures, and an assessment
             of the measurement slippage involved in moving between the
             different occupation classification systems.
             </jats:p>},
   Doi = {10.1177/004912418000900207},
   Key = {fds298206}
}

@article{fds298154,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Occupational characteristics and classification systems: new
             uses of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles in social
             research.},
   Booktitle = {Social Measurement: Current Issues.},
   Publisher = {Beverly Hills, CA: Sage},
   Editor = {Bohrnstedt, GW and Borgatta, EF},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds298154}
}

@article{fds298209,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Occupations, role characteristics and intergenerational
             transmission},
   Journal = {Sociology of Work and Occupations},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {89-112},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1981},
   Doi = {10.1177/073088848100800105},
   Key = {fds298209}
}

@article{fds808,
   Author = {K. I. Spenner and L. B. Otto and V. R. A. Call},
   Title = {Career Line Prototypes I, and II.},
   Publisher = {Boys Town Center for the Study of Youth Development, Boys
             Town, NE},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds808}
}

@article{fds6731,
   Title = {Occupational characteristics and classification systems: new
             uses of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles in
             social research.},
   Booktitle = {Social Measurement: Current Issues.},
   Publisher = {Beverly Hills, CA: Sage},
   Editor = {G. W. Bohrnstedt and E. F. Borgatta},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds6731}
}

@article{fds6965,
   Author = {L. B. Otto and V. R. A. Call and K. I. Spenner},
   Title = {Design for a Study of Entry into Careers.},
   Publisher = {Lexington Books},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds6965}
}

@article{fds6966,
   Author = {V. R. A. Call and L. B. Otto and K. I. Spenner},
   Title = {Tracking Respondents: A Multi method
             Approach.},
   Publisher = {Lexington Books},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds6966}
}

@article{fds6967,
   Author = {K. I. Spenner and L. B. Otto and V. R. A. Call},
   Title = {Career Lines and Careers.},
   Publisher = {Lexington Books},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds6967}
}

@article{fds298166,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Work, Jobs, and Occupations: A Critical Review of the
             Dictionary of Occupational Titles},
   Journal = {Sociology of Work and Occupations.},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds298166}
}

@article{fds298202,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Deciphering Prometheus: Temporal Change in the Skill Level
             of Work},
   Journal = {American Sociological Review},
   Volume = {48},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {824-824},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0003-1224},
   Doi = {10.2307/2095328},
   Key = {fds298202}
}

@article{fds298178,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Otto, LB},
   Title = {Work and self-concept: selection and socialization in the
             early career},
   Journal = {Research in Sociology of Education and Socialization},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {197-235},
   Publisher = {Greenwich, CT: JAI Press},
   Editor = {Kerckhoff, A},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds298178}
}

@article{fds298192,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {The Upgrading and Downgrading of Occupations: Issues,
             Evidence, and Implications for Education},
   Journal = {Review of Educational Research},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {125-154},
   Publisher = {American Educational Research Association
             (AERA)},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {0034-6543},
   Abstract = {<jats:p> This paper reviews a major debate that has
             implications for educational research and policy
             communities. The debate concerns the skill upgrading versus
             downgrading of occupations in the United States and
             relationships to schooling and vocational preparation. The
             review summarizes the major positions in the debate, surveys
             the evidence on skill changes, including methodological and
             design issues and concepts and measures for skill, and
             discusses research and policy implications for general and
             vocational education. </jats:p>},
   Doi = {10.3102/00346543055002125},
   Key = {fds298192}
}

@article{fds298167,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Review of Career Choice and Development by D. Brown, L.
             Brooks, and Associates},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds298167}
}

@article{fds298179,
   Author = {Featherman, DL and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Class and the socialization of children: constancy or
             change?},
   Journal = {Child Development in Life Span Perspective},
   Pages = {67-90},
   Publisher = {Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc},
   Editor = {Hetherington, EM and Lerner, R and Perlmutter,
             M},
   Year = {1987},
   Key = {fds298179}
}

@article{fds298168,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Review of Beyond Mechanization by L. Hirschhorn},
   Journal = {Work and Occupations},
   Year = {1987},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds298168}
}

@article{fds298156,
   Author = {Rosenfeld, R and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Women’s work and women’s careers: a dynamic analysis of
             work identity in the early lifecourse},
   Pages = {285-305},
   Booktitle = {Social Structures and Human Lives},
   Publisher = {Beverly Hills: Sage},
   Editor = {Riley, M},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds298156}
}

@article{fds298164,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Technological change, skill requirements and education: the
             case for uncertainty},
   Pages = {131-184},
   Booktitle = {The Economic and Employment Effects of Technological
             Change},
   Publisher = {New York: Ballinger},
   Editor = {Cyert, RM and Mowery, DC},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds298164}
}

@article{fds298180,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Occupations, work settings and the course of adult
             development: tracing the implications of select historical
             changes.},
   Journal = {Life Span Development and Behavior},
   Volume = {9},
   Pages = {243-285},
   Publisher = {Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates},
   Editor = {Baltes, P and Featherman, D and Lerner, R},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds298180}
}

@article{fds298181,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Personality, work, and social stratification.},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Sociology},
   Volume = {14},
   Pages = {69-97},
   Publisher = {Palo Alto: Annual Reviews, Inc},
   Editor = {Scott, WR},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds298181}
}

@article{fds300110,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Technological change, skill requirements and education: the
             case for uncertainty.},
   Pages = {131-184},
   Booktitle = {The Economic and Employment Effects of Technological
             Change},
   Publisher = {New York: Ballinger},
   Editor = {Cyert, RM and Mowery, DC},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds300110}
}

@article{fds298182,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Managers, technology and jobs: paradox and similarity
             between East and West.},
   Journal = {Managing in a Global Economy: Proceedings of the Third
             International Conference of the Eastern Academy of
             Management},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {102-106},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {fds298182}
}

@article{fds298201,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Perestroika Gorbachev’s Russia: Dramatic
             Times.},
   Journal = {Window},
   Pages = {4-11},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {Summer},
   Key = {fds298201}
}

@article{fds298169,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Review of Work Experience and Psychological Development
             Through the Life Span by Mortimer and Borman},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {July},
   Key = {fds298169}
}

@article{fds298199,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Kerckhoff, A and Glass, T},
   Title = {Open and closed education and work systems in Great
             Britain.},
   Journal = {European Sociological Review},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {215-235},
   Year = {1990},
   Abstract = {This paper investigates linkages between education and work
             domains for a birth cohort of British men and women. In
             particular, the analyses examine Sørensen's
             conceptualization of open and closed position systems. We
             investigate one application of these concepts by examining
             whether open versus closed education systems (i.e., ability
             group and school type) generate jobs with first employer of
             differing duration and jobs in open versus closed work
             position systems. The methodology features a continuous-time
             discrete-state stochastic model of the transition from the
             first employer. The data include multiple event histories
             through age 23 for a 1958 birth cohort of over 11,000
             British men and women. In general, we find important
             differences in the determinants of transitions from open
             versus closed employment systems. The major differences
             include gender and earlier life course location in open
             versus closed education systems and ability tracks. The
             empirical results only partially support hypotheses in the
             literature about the timing of transitions (duration
             dependence) in open and closed employment systems. © 1990
             Oxford University Press.},
   Doi = {10.1093/oxfordjournals.esr.a036563},
   Key = {fds298199}
}

@article{fds298200,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Rosenfeld, R},
   Title = {Women, work and identities: an event history
             analysis.},
   Journal = {Social Science Research},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {266-299},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {1990},
   Abstract = {This paper uses the concept of identity to understand
             constancy and change in women's work histories. Identities
             are self-in-role meanings such as parent, worker, or
             professional. Identities are relational, hierarchical, and
             have consistency and motivational implications for behavior.
             From a life course perspective, we posit that identities
             both help organize and also change with the course of
             people's lives. We illustrate the organizing role of
             identities with a continuous-time discrete-state stochastic
             model of women's movement between job-related identities
             (employed but not as part of a career and employed in a
             career) and less-than-full-time employment. The model
             considers the rates of transitions into and out of identity
             states as functions of fixed and changing personal
             resources, changes in stage of the family life cycle,
             rewards and opportunities associated with the present job
             and the career line, and several forms of duration
             dependence (time spent in the state). Data come from life
             histories of a Washington state sample of women, studied at
             age 30 in 1979 and 13 years earlier in 1966 (N = 2536). The
             analyses suggest work identities operate largely as
             hypothesized and that the concept has potential for
             understanding work histories. © 1990.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0049-089X(90)90010-G},
   Key = {fds298200}
}

@article{fds298170,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {New Forms of Work Organization in Europe by P. Grootings, B.
             Gustavsen, and L. Hethy},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {July},
   Key = {fds298170}
}

@article{fds298198,
   Author = {SPENNER, KI},
   Title = {Skill},
   Journal = {Work and Occupations},
   Volume = {17},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {399-421},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0730-8884},
   Abstract = {<jats:p> This article reviews concepts and measures of skill
             in the social sciences. Conceptual positions differ in the
             ultimate origin of bases for skill, the locus and nature of
             skill valuation mechanisms, the extent of social
             constructionist influences, and the dimensionality of skill.
             An emerging consensus posits two organizing dimensions:
             substantive complexity and autonomy control. The major
             research designs that include the study of skill are highly
             varied and complementary in their knowledge yield. The major
             measurement strategies have shifted in recent years from
             nonmeasures and indirect measures of skill to direct
             measures of two types: expert systems and self-report
             measures. The review considers in detail the major expert
             system, the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, in terms of
             population coverage, aggregation bias, reliability,
             validity, and relationship to self-report measures.
             </jats:p>},
   Doi = {10.1177/0730888490017004002},
   Key = {fds298198}
}

@article{fds298197,
   Author = {Petkov, K and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {The social organization and consequences of technological
             change: similarities between East and West.},
   Journal = {Journal of Sociological Problems},
   Pages = {3-16},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds298197}
}

@article{fds6976,
   Title = {Personality and social structure.},
   Journal = {Encyclopedia of Sociology},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {1440-1445},
   Editor = {E. Borgatta},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds6976}
}

@article{fds298171,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Review of Social Structure and Self-Direction: A Comparative
             Analysis of the United States and Poland by M. L. Kohn and
             K. M. Slomczynski},
   Journal = {American Journal of Sociology},
   Year = {1991},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds298171}
}

@article{fds298195,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Petkov, K},
   Title = {The effects of technology on the quality and quantity of
             work: similarities between East and West.},
   Journal = {Journal of Managerial Issues},
   Volume = {4},
   Pages = {533-553},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {fds298195}
}

@article{fds298196,
   Author = {Rosenfeld, RA and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Occupational Sex Segregation and Women's Early Career Job
             Shifts},
   Journal = {Work and Occupations},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {424-449},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1992},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0730-8884},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1992JU97700005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {Previous research has found considerable mobility between
             “male” and “female” occupations across the work
             life. This article uses employment histories from the
             Washington State Career Development Study to examine the
             frequency and determinants of jobs shifts that take women
             across gender-type boundaries. It was found that many women
             go between sex-typical and sex-atypical occupations with a
             change of jobs. Higher work commitment tends to slow moves
             from male to female occupations, and higher job rewards slow
             moves across occupational gender types. But family variables
             do not constrain moves to male occupations nor speed moves
             to female ones. Thus the results do not always fit with
             stereotypes about characteristics of predominately male and
             female jobs. The article suggests that further research is
             needed to identify career lines and career-line segments by
             gender type, rather than relying on the sex composition of a
             particular occupation or even job. © 1992, SAGE
             PUBLICATIONS. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0730888492019004005},
   Key = {fds298196}
}

@article{fds298157,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Technological change and deskilling.},
   Booktitle = {International Encyclopedia of Education},
   Publisher = {Oxford, England: Elsevier},
   Editor = {Carnoy, M and Levin, H},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds298157}
}

@article{fds298172,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Reviews of The Vulnerable Fortress: Bureaucratic
             Organization and Management in the Information Age by J. R.
             Taylor and E. J. Van Every, and Computers and Culture in
             Organizations: The Introduction and Use of Production
             Control Systems in French, Italian, and German Enterprises
             by M. Heidenreich},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociololgy},
   Year = {1994},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds298172}
}

@article{fds298158,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Technological change, skill requirements and education: The
             case for uncertainty},
   Pages = {81-138},
   Booktitle = {The New Modern Times: Factors Reshaping the World of
             Work},
   Publisher = {Albany: SUNY Press},
   Editor = {Bills, D},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds298158}
}

@article{fds298159,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Technological change and deskilling.},
   Booktitle = {International Encyclopedia of Sociology of
             Education},
   Publisher = {Oxford, England: Elsevier},
   Editor = {Saha, L},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds298159}
}

@article{fds298173,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Review of Gerontographics: Life-Stage Segmentation for
             Marketing Strategy Development by G Moschis},
   Journal = {Contemporary Gerontology},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds298173}
}

@article{fds298194,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Reflections on a 30-year career of research on work and
             personality by Melvin Kohn and colleagues},
   Journal = {Sociological Forum},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {169-181},
   Publisher = {Springer Science and Business Media LLC},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0884-8971},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000073302000013&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1023/a:1022120401296},
   Key = {fds298194}
}

@article{fds298191,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Thore, SA and Land, KC and Suhomlinova, OO and Jones,
             DC},
   Title = {Strong legacies and weak markets: Bulgarian state-owned
             enterprises during early transition},
   Journal = {American Sociological Review},
   Volume = {63},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {599-617},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0003-1224},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000075515100008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {We examine the factors affecting the performance of
             state-owned enterprises (SOEs) during early transition to a
             market economy. Data come from a longitudinal study of a
             representative sample of Bulgarian SOEs for the period from
             1989 (the last year under communism) to 1993 (three years
             after major macroeconomic shifts). We investigate how
             changes in authority structure, work organization,
             technology, marketing strategy, and organizational
             boundaries during these years affected organizational
             performance in 1993. We also assess the degree of path
             dependence in performance and the role of competitive
             industry conditions. Numerous organizational changes made by
             SOEs during early transition had little effect on
             performance. Yet organizational performance from 1989 to
             1993 was highly path-dependent, although this dependence was
             mediated by the competitive conditions: Stronger markets
             displayed less path dependence. Overall the results favor
             the interpretations derived from selected neo-institutional
             and ecological perspectives of organizational sociology over
             neoclassical economic interpretations.},
   Doi = {10.2307/2657270},
   Key = {fds298191}
}

@article{fds298193,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Jones, DC},
   Title = {Social economic transformation in Bulgaria: An empirical
             assessment of the merchant capitalism thesis},
   Journal = {Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and
             Interpretation},
   Volume = {76},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {937-965},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press (OUP)},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0037-7732},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000072876700007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {Major accounts for transformations in post-1989 Eastern
             Europe include neoclassical economic and institutionalist,
             among which is the recent merchant capitalist thesis
             (Burawoy & Krotov 1992). It suggests transformation in the
             former Soviet Union in the direction of a primitive merchant
             capitalism with the absence of a superordinate control agent
             in relations in production and relations of production.
             Constituent hypotheses predict: (1) increased importance of
             lateral linkages among enterprises; (2) increased economic
             concentration; and, (3) increased worker control inside of
             enterprises. This study uses new data from a panel study of
             497 Bulgarian manufacturing establishments, including
             organizational and worker level data, to test the hypotheses
             for 1989-92 time period. Overall, the evidence is mixed with
             little or no support for the lateral linkage hypothesis,
             some support for increased economic concentration, and mixed
             support for increased worker control in establishments but
             from a weak beginning position. Our analysis suggests
             additional mechanisms, consistent with other institutional
             accounts, through which underdeveloped or more primitive
             merchant capitalism can occur in manufacturing industries
             undergoing transformation from state socialism.},
   Doi = {10.1093/sf/76.3.937},
   Key = {fds298193}
}

@article{fds298189,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Coenen-Huther, J},
   Title = {Bulgaria at the Crossroads},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {514-514},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0094-3061},
   Doi = {10.2307/2654523},
   Key = {fds298189}
}

@article{fds298160,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Personality and social structure.},
   Series = {Revised edition},
   Booktitle = {The Encyclopedia of Sociology},
   Publisher = {New York: Macmillan},
   Editor = {Borgatta, EF},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds298160}
}

@article{fds298188,
   Author = {Spenner, KI and Buchmann, C and Landerman, LR},
   Title = {THE BLACK-WHITE ACHIEVEMENT GAP IN THE FIRST COLLEGE YEAR:
             EVIDENCE FROM A NEW LONGITUDINAL CASE STUDY},
   Journal = {Research in Social Stratification and Mobility},
   Volume = {22},
   Pages = {187-216},
   Booktitle = {Research in Social Stratification and Mobility},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Editor = {D. Bills and A. Portes},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0276-5624},
   Abstract = {In the United States, an achievement gap between whites and
             blacks persists at all levels of schooling from elementary
             school to higher education. Definitive reasons and remedies
             for minority underperformance remain unclear. This study
             examines how students acquire and utilize "collegiate
             capital" which, in turn, relates to their academic
             achievement in the first year of college. Results indicate
             that significant black-white differences in academic
             achievement emerge as early as the first semester of
             students' first year in college. Controls for family
             background, parental involvement, prior ability, cultural
             capital acquired during the middle- and high-school years,
             and other factors produce a moderate reduction in the
             achievement gap, but over half of the gap remains
             unexplained. The study is part of a larger research project
             that involves a longitudinal study of two cohorts - the
             graduating classes of 2005 and 2006 - at a major private
             university. Through the assessment of pre-college
             differences and extensive data collected via student surveys
             and academic records during the college years, the goal of
             the larger project is to illuminate the factors underlying
             raced-based variations on a range of academic outcomes such
             as educational performance and attainment, but also several
             new measures of collegiate intellectual development such as
             students' ecological integration, perceptions of other
             groups, and satisfaction with college. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd.
             All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/S0276-5624(04)22007-8},
   Key = {fds298188}
}

@article{fds298161,
   Author = {Bryant, AY and Spenner, KI and Martin, N and Sautter,
             J},
   Title = {The Campus Life and Learning Project: A Report on the
             College Career. 95 pp. Durham, NC: Duke University},
   Year = {2007},
   Key = {fds298161}
}

@article{fds298162,
   Author = {K.I. Spenner and Spenner, AK},
   Title = {A Social Portrait of College Legacy Admissions.},
   Publisher = {American Sociological Association},
   Year = {2008},
   Key = {fds298162}
}

@article{fds298163,
   Author = {K.I. Spenner and Spenner, AK},
   Title = {Within-College Human Capital and Racial Ethnic Differences
             in Academic Performance.},
   Publisher = {American Sociological Association (2 papers)},
   Year = {2008},
   Key = {fds298163}
}

@article{fds298183,
   Author = {K.I. Spenner and Spenner, AK},
   Title = {Final Report of the Panel on the Department of Defense Human
             Capital Strategy},
   Pages = {1-47},
   Publisher = {RAND Corporation},
   Year = {2008},
   ISBN = {978-0-8330-4549-2},
   Key = {fds298183}
}

@article{fds340307,
   Author = {Arcidiacono, P and Aucejo, EM and Fang, H and Spenner,
             KI},
   Title = {Does Affirmative Action Lead to Mismatch? A New Test and
             Evidence},
   Volume = {2},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {303-333},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds340307}
}

@article{fds298190,
   Author = {K.I. Spenner and Martin, ND and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Capital conversion and accumulation: A social portrait of
             legacies at an elite university},
   Journal = {Research in Higher Education},
   Volume = {50},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {623-648},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0361-0365},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000268773600001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {Legacies, or students with a family member who graduated
             from the same college or university, have been the source of
             much debate. We add to the existing literature by providing
             a detailed empirical portrait of legacies at a private,
             selective university across the college years. We examine
             how legacies are distinctive in their admissions profiles,
             within-college achievement and post-graduation plans, using
             data from a panel study of students attending Duke
             University. We find that legacies enter college with an
             abundance of economic, cultural and social capital, but also
             have lower levels of human capital compared to other
             students with college graduate parents. Due to this human
             capital deficit, legacies have lower grades in the first
             college year, but show little academic underperformance in
             subsequent semesters. Additionally, legacies are less likely
             to plan to be a medical doctor or engineer and have somewhat
             lower degree aspirations than other students. © Springer
             Science+Business Media, LLC 2009.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11162-009-9136-9},
   Key = {fds298190}
}

@article{fds324447,
   Author = {Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Education and Jobs: Exploring the Gaps},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {463-465},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {July},
   Doi = {10.1177/0094306110373238dd},
   Key = {fds324447}
}

@article{fds318993,
   Author = {Arcidiacono, P and Aucejo, EM and Spenner, K},
   Title = {What happens after enrollment? An analysis of the time path
             of racial differences in GPA and major choice},
   Journal = {Iza Journal of Labor Economics},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {5-5},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {December},
   Abstract = {Abstract: At the private university we analyze, the gap
             between white and black grade point averages falls by half
             between the students' freshmen and senior year. This outcome
             could suggest that affirmative action policies are playing a
             key role to reduce racial differences. However, this
             convergence masks two effects. First, the variance of grades
             given falls across time. Hence, shrinkage in the level of
             the gap may not imply shrinkage in the class rank gap.
             Second, grading standards differ across courses in different
             majors. We show that controlling for these two features
             virtually eliminates any convergence of black/white grades.
             In fact, black/white gpa convergence is symptomatic of
             dramatic shifts by blacks from initial interest in the
             natural sciences, engineering, and economics to majors in
             the humanities and social sciences. We show that natural
             science, engineering, and economics courses are more
             difficult, associated with higher study times, and have
             harsher grading standards; all of which translate into
             students with weaker academic backgrounds being less likely
             to choose these majors. Indeed, we show that accounting for
             academic background can fully account for average
             differences in switching behavior between blacks and
             whites.},
   Doi = {10.1186/2193-8997-1-5},
   Key = {fds318993}
}

@article{fds318992,
   Author = {Arcidiacono, P and Aucejo, E and Hussey, A and Spenner,
             K},
   Title = {Racial segregation patterns in selective
             universities},
   Journal = {The Journal of Law & Economics},
   Volume = {56},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1039-1060},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {November},
   Abstract = {This paper examines sorting into interracial friendships at
             selective universities. We show significant friendship
             segregation, particularly for blacks. Indeed, blacks'
             friendships are no more diverse in college than in high
             school, despite the fact that the colleges that blacks
             attend have substantially smaller black populations.We
             demonstrate that the segregation patterns occur in part
             because affirmative action results in large differences in
             the academic backgrounds of students of different races,
             with students preferring to form friendships with those of
             similar academic backgrounds. Within a school, stronger
             academic backgrounds make whites' friendships with blacks
             less likely and friendships with Asians more likely. These
             results suggest that affirmative action admission policies
             at selective universities, which drive a wedge between the
             academic characteristics of different racial groups, may
             result in increased within-school segregation. © 2013 by
             The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1086/674056},
   Key = {fds318992}
}

@article{fds320173,
   Author = {Martin, ND and Tobin, W and Spenner, KI},
   Title = {Interracial friendships across the college years: Evidence
             from a longitudinal case study},
   Journal = {Journal of College Student Development},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {720-725},
   Publisher = {Johns Hopkins University Press},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {October},
   Doi = {10.1353/csd.2014.0075},
   Key = {fds320173}
}

@article{fds320172,
   Author = {Freeland, RE and Spenner, KI and McCalmon, G},
   Title = {I Gave at the Campus: Exploring Student Giving and Its Link
             to Young Alumni Donations After Graduation},
   Journal = {Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {755-774},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {August},
   Abstract = {This study examined the determinants of student
             contributions to their senior gift campaign while currently
             enrolled at a university and whether student giving
             predicted young alumni giving patterns after graduation.
             Determinants of student giving were largely consistent with
             those of alumni giving, although parental support was found
             to be an important difference. Financial aid in the form of
             parental support and scholarships, but not loans or grants,
             increased the likelihood of student giving. College
             experiences including group participation and positive
             subjective evaluation also increased the likelihood of
             giving. Student giving was then found to be a strong
             predictor of future donation patterns of young alumni.
             Students who did not contribute to the senior gift campaign
             despite repeated, in-person solicitations from peers were
             less likely to donate after graduation.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0899764014529625},
   Key = {fds320172}
}

@article{fds328851,
   Author = {Martin, ND and Spenner, KI and Mustillo, SA},
   Title = {A Test of Leading Explanations for the College Racial-Ethnic
             Achievement Gap: Evidence from a Longitudinal Case
             Study},
   Journal = {Research in Higher Education},
   Volume = {58},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {617-645},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2017},
   Month = {September},
   Abstract = {In this study, we examined racial/ethnic differences in
             grade point average (GPA) among students at a highly
             selective, private university who were surveyed before
             matriculation and during the first, second and fourth
             college years, and assessed prominent explanations for the
             Black-White and Latino-White college achievement gap. We
             found that roughly half of the observed gap was attributable
             to family background characteristics and pre-college
             academic preparation. Of the within-college factors we
             considered, perceptions of campus climate and selection of
             major field of study were most important in explaining
             racial/ethnic differences in GPA. Personal resources, such
             as academic effort, self-esteem and academic identification,
             and patterns of involvement in campus life were
             significantly associated with GPA, but these factors did not
             account for racial/ethnic differences in academic
             performance. Overall, our results suggest that efforts to
             reduce the college achievement gap should focus on assisting
             students with the process of selecting major fields of study
             and on fostering a welcoming and inclusive campus
             environment.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11162-016-9439-6},
   Key = {fds328851}
}


%% Book Reviews   
@article{fds2747,
   Author = {S. Heyneman and J. Currie},
   Title = {Schooling, Academic Performance and Occupational Attainment
             in a Non-Industrialized Society},
   Journal = {Children and Youth Social Service Review},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds2747}
}

@article{fds2749,
   Author = {D. Brown and L. Brooks and Associates},
   Title = {Career Choice and Development},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds2749}
}

@article{fds2750,
   Author = {L. Hirschhorn},
   Title = {Beyond Mechanization},
   Journal = {Work and Occupations},
   Year = {1987},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds2750}
}

@article{fds2751,
   Author = {J. Mortimer and K. Borman},
   Title = {Work Experience and Psychological Development Through the
             Life Span},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {July},
   Key = {fds2751}
}

@article{fds2752,
   Author = {P. Grootings and B. Gustavsen and L. Hethy},
   Title = {New Forms of Work Organization in Europe},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {July},
   Key = {fds2752}
}

@article{fds2753,
   Author = {M. L. Kohn and K. M. Slomczynski},
   Title = {Social Structure and Self-Direction: A Comparative Analysis
             of the United States and Poland},
   Journal = {American Journal of Sociology},
   Year = {1991},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds2753}
}

@article{fds2754,
   Author = {J. R. Taylor and E. J. Van Every},
   Title = {The Vulnerable Fortress: Bureaucratic Organization and
             Management in the Information Age},
   Journal = {Computers and Culture in Organizations: The Introduction and
             Use of Production Control Systems in French, Italian, and
             German Enterprises by M. Heidenreich, in Contemporary
             Sociology},
   Year = {1994},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds2754}
}

@article{fds2755,
   Author = {G. Moschis},
   Title = {Gerontographics: Life-Stage Segmentation for Marketing
             Strategy Development},
   Journal = {Contemporary Gerontology},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds2755}
}


%% Other   
@misc{fds805,
   Title = {Occupational characteristics and classification systems: new
             uses of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles in social
             research},
   Journal = {Social Measurement: Current Issues},
   Publisher = {Beverly Hills, CA: Sage},
   Editor = {G. W. Bohrnstedt and E. F. Borgatta},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds805}
}


%% Presented Papers   
@article{fds6759,
   Title = {International Communication Association -
             1974},
   Year = {1974},
   Key = {fds6759}
}

@article{fds6763,
   Title = {National Council on Family Relations - 1978},
   Year = {1978},
   Key = {fds6763}
}

@article{fds6767,
   Title = {Rural Sociological Society - 1975, 1979},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds6767}
}

@article{fds6764,
   Title = {Nebraska Personnel and Guidance Association -
             1980},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds6764}
}

@article{fds6762,
   Title = {Research Committee on Social Stratification -
             1985},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds6762}
}

@article{fds6768,
   Title = {Southern Sociological Society, 1986, 2005},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds6768}
}

@article{fds6766,
   Title = {Population Association of America - 1988},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds6766}
}

@article{fds6760,
   Title = {International Meetings of the Eastern Academy of
             Management,},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {fds6760}
}

@article{fds6765,
   Title = {Midwest Sociological Society - 1993},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds6765}
}

@article{fds6761,
   Title = {International Sociological Association - 1982 (Mexico City),
             1986 (New Dehli), 1990 (Madrid), 1994 (Bielefeld), 1998
             (Montreal), 2002 (Brisbane)},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds6761}
}

@article{fds6758,
   Title = {American Sociological Association - 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983,
             1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1997, 2002, 2004,
             2005},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds6758}
}

@article{fds16728,
   Title = {Eastern Sociological Association},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds16728}
}

@article{fds45002,
   Title = {Southern Sociological Society},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds45002}
}

@article{fds45003,
   Title = {American Sociological Association},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds45003}
}

@article{fds44692,
   Title = {North Carolina Sociological Association - 1999,
             2006},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds44692}
}

@article{fds153579,
   Title = {American Sociological Association, 2008 (2
             papers)},
   Year = {2008},
   Key = {fds153579}
}


%% Research Reports   
@misc{fds318994,
   Author = {Arcidiacono, P and Aucejo, EM and Fang, H and Spenner,
             KI},
   Title = {Does affirmative action lead to mismatch? A new test and
             evidence},
   Volume = {2},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {303-333},
   Publisher = {The Econometric Society},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {November},
   Abstract = {We argue that once we take into account the students'
             rational enrollment decisions, mismatch in the sense that
             the intended beneficiaries of affirmative action admission
             policies are made worse off ex ante can only occur if
             selective universities possess private information. Ex ante
             mismatch occurs when revelation of this information would
             have changed the student's choice of school. This necessary
             condition for mismatch provides the basis for a new test.
             The test is implemented using data from the Campus Life and
             Learning Project at Duke University. Evidence shows that
             Duke does possess private information that is a
             statistically significant predictor of students'
             post-enrollment academic performance. Further, this private
             information is shown to affect the subjective measures of
             students' satisfaction as well as their persistence in more
             difficult majors. We also propose strategies to evaluate
             more conclusively whether the presence of Duke private
             information has generated mismatch. © 2011 Peter
             Arcidiacono, Esteban M. Aucejo, Hanming Fang, and Kenneth I.
             Spenner.},
   Doi = {10.3982/QE83},
   Key = {fds318994}
}