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Publications of Gianni Toniolo    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Books   
@book{fds344737,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Rees, M},
   Title = {An economic history of liberal Italy 1850-1918},
   Pages = {1-181},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {0415035007},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315737263},
   Abstract = {© 1990 Gianni Toniolo. This book, first published in 1990,
             examines Italy’s economic history from its Unification in
             1850 to the end of the First World War. Particular attention
             is paid to the extent to which Italy exhibits the features
             of Kaznets’s model of ‘modern economic growth’. An
             Economic History of Liberal Italy begins with a quantitative
             assessment of Italy’s long-term growth in this period. All
             of the main relevant variables - including production,
             consumption, investment, foreign trade, government spending,
             and welfare - are discussed. The book proceeds through a
             chronological account of the developments of the economy
             during this period, and concludes with a critical survey of
             the relevant historiography. Throughout the book emphasis is
             given to structural changes, to developments in the main
             industries, to the relations between different sectors of
             the economy, and to economic policies. This book is ideal
             for those studying economics of Italian history.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9781315737263},
   Key = {fds344737}
}

@book{fds329911,
   Title = {The Oxford Handbook of the Italian Economy Since
             Unification},
   Editor = {Toniolo, G},
   Year = {2013},
   ISBN = {9780199936694},
   Abstract = {This Oxford Handbook provides a fresh overall view and
             interpretation of the modern economic growth of one of the
             largest European countries, whose economic history is less
             known internationally than that of other comparably large
             and successful economies. It will provide, for the first
             time, a comprehensive, quantitative "new economic history"
             of Italy. The handbook offers an interpretation of the main
             successes and failures of the Italian economy at a macro
             level, the research--conducted by a large international team
             of scholars --contains entirely new quantitative results and
             interpretations, spanning the entire 150-year period since
             the unification of Italy, on a large number of issues. By
             providing a comprehensive view of the successes and failures
             of Italian firms, workers, and policy makers in responding
             to the challenges of the international business cycle, the
             book crucially shapes relevant questions on the reasons for
             the current unsatisfactory response of the Italian economy
             to the ongoing "second globalization." Most chapters of the
             handbook are co-authored by both an Italian and a foreign
             scholar. Available in OSO: http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/oso/public/content/oho_economics/9780199936694/toc.html
             Contributors to this volume - Brian A'Hearn: Pembroke
             College, Oxford Franco Amatori: Universita Commerciale Luigi
             Bocconi Alberto Baffigi: Banca d'Italia Fabrizio Balassone:
             Banca d'Italia Federico Barbiellini Amidei: Banca d'Italia
             Stefano Battilossi: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
             Giuseppe Berta: Universita Commerciale Luigi Bocconi
             Giuseppe Bertola: EDHEC Business School Magda Bianco: Banca
             d'Italia Andrea Boltho: Oxford University Andrea Brandolini:
             Banca d'Italia Stephen Broadberry: London School of
             Economics Matteo Bugamelli: Banca d'Italia John Cantwell:
             Rutgers Business School Andrea Colli: Universita Commerciale
             Luigi Bocconi Nicholas Crafts: University of Warwick
             Marcello De Cecco: Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Virginia
             Di Nino: Banca d'Italia Barry Eichengreen: University of
             California, Berkeley Giovanni Federico: European University
             Institute Maura Francese: Banca d'Italia Alfredo
             Gigliobianco: Banca d'Italia Claire Giordano: Banca d'Italia
             Matteo Gomellini: Banca d'Italia Luigi Guiso: Einaudi
             Institute for Economics and Finance Giovanni Iuzzolino:
             Banca d'Italia Harold James: Princeton University Marco
             Magnani: Banca d'Italia Giuseppe Marinelli: Banca d'Italia
             Giulio Napolitano: Universita degli studi Roma Tre Cormac
             O'Grada: University College Dublin Fabrizio Onida:
             Universita Commerciale Luigi Bocconi Kevin O'Rourke:
             University of Oxford Angelo Pace: Banca d'Italia Guido
             Pellegrini: Sapienza Universita di Roma Mario Perugini:
             Universita Luigi Bocconi Paolo Pinotti: Universita Luigi
             Bocconi Massimo Sbracia: Banca d'Italia Paolo Sestito: Banca
             d'Italia Anna Spadavecchia: University of Reading Gianni
             Toniolo: Universita LUISS-Roma and Duke University Giovanni
             Vecchi: Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata Anthony
             Venables: University of Oxford Gianfranco Viesti: Universita
             degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro Nikolaus Wolf: Humboldt
             University Berlin Francesco Zollino: Banca
             d'Italia},
   Key = {fds329911}
}

@book{fds343330,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Foreword},
   Pages = {vii-x},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {June},
   ISBN = {9783110114409},
   Key = {fds343330}
}

@book{fds343331,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Central banks' independence in historical
             perspective},
   Pages = {1-198},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {June},
   ISBN = {9783110114409},
   Abstract = {© 1988 by Walter de Gruyter & Co. All rights reserved.
             Modern central banks came of age in the inter-war period. By
             then, they valued their independence as an essential feature
             of central banking. Strong, Norman and Moreau were ready to
             stand by the freedom of their institutions at any price. And
             independence from national governments was considered a
             prerequisite for the admission to the club of central banks:
             they were unwilling, for instance, to enter into large
             commitments with the Bank of Italy so long as it remained
             under the dominance of Treasury.},
   Key = {fds343331}
}

@book{fds329912,
   Title = {The Past and Future of Central Bank Cooperation},
   Editor = {Borio, C and Toniolo, G and Clement, P},
   Year = {2011},
   Abstract = {This book explores the past and future of central bank
             cooperation. In today's global economy, the cooperation
             between central banks is a key element in maintaining or
             restoring monetary and financial stability, thereby ensuring
             a smooth functioning of the international financial system.
             In this book, economists, historians, and political
             scientists look back at the experience of central bank
             cooperation during the past century - at its goals, nature,
             and processes and at its successes and failures - and draw
             lessons for the future. Particular attention is devoted to
             the role played by central bank cooperation in the
             formulation of minimum capital standards for internationally
             active banks (the Basel Capital Accord, Basel II), and in
             the process of European monetary unification and the
             introduction of the Euro.},
   Key = {fds329912}
}

@book{fds166667,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and A. Gigliobianco},
   Title = {Financial Market Regulation after Financial Crises: The
             Historical Experience},
   Booktitle = {Banca d'Italia, Roma 2009},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds166667}
}

@book{fds166668,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and P.Temin. C. Feinstein},
   Title = {The World Economy Between the Wars,},
   Booktitle = {Oxford Univesrity Press, 2008},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds166668}
}

@book{fds313548,
   Author = {Feinstein, CH and Temin, P and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {The world economy between the world wars},
   Pages = {1-236},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {May},
   ISBN = {9780195307559},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.001.0001},
   Abstract = {© 2008 by Oxford University Press, Inc. All rights
             reserved. This book surveys the main events in the
             international economy from the outbreak of the First World
             War to the end of the Second World War: a period of time
             variously defined as the "globalization backlash", the
             "Second Thirty Years War", or simply "the World in
             Depression". The book starts with the unfortunate peace
             settlement after the First World War and progresses to the
             ensuing hyperinflations and financial crises; from the
             attempts at rebuilding an international economic and
             monetary order in the face of rapid technical progress and
             productivity growth to the policy mistakes that brought
             about the Great Depression - the most devastating economic
             depression in human history; from wide-spread long-term
             unemployment to overall autarky and a second global
             conflagration. The opening chapter puts the interwar years
             in the long-term quantitative perspective of economic
             development over the whole of the 20th century while the
             final chapter highlights the long-run impact of the interwar
             years on the growth and policy features of the prosperous
             decades that followed the end of the Second World
             War.},
   Doi = {10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.001.0001},
   Key = {fds313548}
}

@book{fds313551,
   Author = {Borio, C and Toniolo, G and Clement, P},
   Title = {The past and future of central bank cooperation},
   Pages = {1-245},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Borio, C and Toniolo, G and Clement, P},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780521877794},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511510779},
   Abstract = {© Cambridge University Press, 2009 and Bank for
             International Settlements 2008. This book explores the past
             and future of central bank cooperation. In today’s global
             economy, the cooperation between central banks is a key
             element in maintaining or restoring monetary and financial
             stability, thereby ensuring a smooth functioning of the
             international financial system. Or is it? In this book,
             economists, historians, and political scientists look back
             at the experience of central bank cooperation during the
             past century – at its goals, nature, and processes and at
             its successes and failures – and draw lessons for the
             future. Particular attention is devoted to the role played
             by central bank cooperation in the formulation of minimum
             capital standards for internationally active banks (the
             Basel Capital Accord, Basel II), and in the process of
             European monetary unification and the introduction of the
             euro.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511510779},
   Key = {fds313551}
}

@book{fds151568,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and C. Borio and P. Clement},
   Title = {Past and Present of Central Bank Cooperation},
   Publisher = {Cambridge Univesrity Press},
   Year = {2008},
   ISBN = {978-0-521-87779-4},
   Abstract = {The book economists, historians and political scientists
             look back at the experience of central bank cooperation
             during the past century, at its goals, nature, and
             processes, and at its successes and failures, and draw
             lessons for the future. Particular attention is devoted to
             the role played by central bank cooperation in the
             formulation of minimum capital standards for internationally
             active banks and in the process of European monetary
             unification.},
   Key = {fds151568}
}

@book{fds313552,
   Author = {Rhode, PW and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {The global economy in the 1990s: A long-run
             perspective},
   Pages = {1-319},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {G. Toniolo and P. Rhode},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {0521852633},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511616464},
   Abstract = {© Cambridge University Press 2006. The 1990s were an
             extraordinary, contradictory, and fascinating period of
             economic development. Specifically, the ‘boom’ of the
             1990s and the way that it ended evoked many historical
             precedents, particularly, past bubbles and ‘busts’. In
             this book, contributions by eminent economic historians
             examine key issues such as the causes and sustainability of
             productive growth in the U.S., the sluggish growth in Europe
             and stagnation in Japan. They assess whether, seen in
             long-run perspective, the 1990s does actually fall into a
             familiar pattern of economic activity or whether it
             represents a watershed in economic history.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511616464},
   Key = {fds313552}
}

@book{fds27365,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Central Bank Cooperation at the Bank for International
             Settlements},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press, New York},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds27365}
}

@book{fds26013,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and V. Visco},
   Title = {Il declino economico dell'Italia},
   Publisher = {Bruno Mondadori},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds26013}
}

@book{fds10749,
   Title = {Storia Economica d'Italia},
   Volume = {4},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Editor = {P. Ciocca and G. Toniolo},
   Year = {2002},
   Month = {February},
   Key = {fds10749}
}

@book{fds27369,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and M. De Cecco},
   Title = {Storia della Cassa Depositi e Prestiti},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds27369}
}

@book{fds10755,
   Title = {The Emergence of Modern Central Banking from 1918 to the
             Present},
   Publisher = {Ashgate, Aldershot},
   Editor = {G. Toniolo and C. L. Holtfrerich and J.
             Reis},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds10755}
}

@book{fds27371,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and P. Ciocca},
   Title = {Storia economica d’Italia, Vol. II - Annali},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds27371}
}

@book{fds27372,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and P. Ciocca},
   Title = {Storia economica d’Italia, Vol. I - Interpretazioni},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds27372}
}

@manual{fds26006,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and C. Feinstein and P. Temin},
   Title = {The European Economy Between the Wars},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds26006}
}

@book{fds27374,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Storia del Banco di Sardegna. Credito, istituzioni, sviluppo
             dal XVIII al XX secolo},
   Publisher = {, Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds27374}
}

@book{fds27363,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and G. Guarino},
   Title = {La Banca d'Italia e il sistema bancario,
             1919-1936},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds27363}
}

@book{fds27375,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and R.E.Sylla},
   Title = {Patterns of European Industrialization: the Nineteenth
             Century},
   Publisher = {Routledge, London},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds27375}
}

@book{fds26007,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {An Economic History of Liberal Italy, 1850-1918},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds26007}
}

@book{fds27362,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {La Banca d'Italia e l’ economia di guerra, 1914 -
             1919},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1989},
   Key = {fds27362}
}

@book{fds27376,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Central Banks' Independence in Historical
             Perspective},
   Publisher = {De Gruyter, Berlin},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds27376}
}

@book{fds27364,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {L'economia dell' Italia fascista},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds27364}
}

@book{fds27377,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {L'economia italiana 1861-1940},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Roma-Bari},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds27377}
}

@book{fds27378,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Industria e banca durante la grande crisi
             (1929-34)},
   Publisher = {Etas Libri, Milano},
   Year = {1978},
   Key = {fds27378}
}

@book{fds27379,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {La "New Economic History", Special issue of Quaderni Storici
             n.31},
   Pages = {380-461},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds27379}
}

@book{fds27380,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and P. Ciocca},
   Title = {L'economia italiana nel periodo fascista},
   Publisher = {Il Mulino, Bologna},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds27380}
}

@book{fds27381,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {L'economia italiana 1861-1940},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Bari},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds27381}
}


%% Journal Articles   
@article{fds329910,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and White, EN},
   Title = {The Evolution of the Financial Stability Mandate: From its
             Origins to the Present Day},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {fds329910}
}

@article{fds239117,
   Author = {Cesarano, F and Cifarelli, G and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Exchange Rate Regimes and Reserve Policy: The Italian Lira,
             1883-1911},
   Journal = {Open Economies Review},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {253-275},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {April},
   ISSN = {0923-7992},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11079-010-9182-0},
   Abstract = {The three exchange rate regimes adopted by Italy from 1883
             up to the eve of World War I - the gold standard
             (1883-1893), floating rates (1894-1902), and "gold
             shadowing" (1903-1911)-produced a puzzling result: formal
             adherence to the gold standard ended in failure while
             shadowing the gold standard proved very successful. This
             paper discusses the main policies underlying Italy's
             performance particularly focusing on the strategy of reserve
             accumulation. It presents a cointegration analysis
             identifying a distinct co-movement between exchange rate,
             reserves, and banknotes that holds over the three
             sub-periods of the sample. Given this long-run relationship,
             the different performance in each regime is explained by the
             diversity of policy measures, reflected in the different
             variables adjusting the system in the various regimes.
             Italy's variegated experience during the gold standard
             provides a valuable lesson about current developments in the
             international scenario, showing the central role of
             fundamentals and consistent policies. © 2010 Springer
             Science+Business Media, LLC.},
   Doi = {10.1007/s11079-010-9182-0},
   Key = {fds239117}
}

@article{fds329913,
   Author = {TONIOLO, GIANNI},
   Title = {Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods. The
             Cairoli Lectures, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella. By Barry
             Eichengreen. Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press, 2007.
             Pp. xiv, 187. $26.00.},
   Journal = {The Journal of Economic History},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {01},
   Pages = {259-260},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds329913}
}

@article{fds329914,
   Author = {TONIOLO, GIANNI},
   Title = {Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods. The
             Cairoli Lectures, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella. By Barry
             Eichengreen. Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press, 2007.
             Pp. xiv, 187. $26.00.},
   Journal = {Journal of Economic History},
   Volume = {70},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {259-260},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0022050710000215},
   Doi = {10.1017/s0022050710000215},
   Key = {fds329914}
}

@article{fds329915,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {A History of Central Banking in Great Britain and the United
             States. By John H. Wood. New York: Cambridge University
             Press, 2005. Pp. index, 439.},
   Journal = {The Journal of Economic History},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {02},
   Pages = {613-614},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds329915}
}

@article{fds329916,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {A History of Central Banking in Great Britain and the United
             States. By John H. Wood. New York: Cambridge University
             Press, 2005. Pp. index, 439.},
   Journal = {Journal of Economic History},
   Volume = {69},
   Number = {02},
   Pages = {613-613},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0022050709001016},
   Doi = {10.1017/s0022050709001016},
   Key = {fds329916}
}

@article{fds329917,
   Author = {Gigliobianco, A and Giordano, C and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Innovation and Regulation in the Wake of Financial Crises in
             Italy (1880s-1930s)},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds329917}
}

@article{fds328438,
   Author = {Filippo, C and Giulio, C and Gianni, T},
   Title = {Exchange Rate Regimes and Reserve Policy on the Periphery:
             The Italian Lira 1883-1911},
   Year = {2009},
   Abstract = {The three exchange rate regimes adopted by Italy from 1883
             up to the eve of World War I — the gold standard
             (1883-1893), floating rates (1894-1902), and “gold
             shadowing” (1903-1911) — produced a puzzling result:
             formal adherence to the gold standard ended in failure while
             shadowing the gold standard proved very successful. This
             paper discusses the main policies underlying Italy’s
             performance particularly focusing on the strategy of reserve
             accumulation. It presents a cointegration analysis
             identifying a distinct co-movement between exchange rate,
             reserves, and banknotes that holds over the three
             sub-periods of the sample. Given this long-run relationship,
             the different performance in each regime is explained by the
             diversity of policy measures, reflected in the different
             variables adjusting the system in the various regimes.
             Italy’s variegated experience during the gold standard
             provides a valuable lesson about current developments in the
             international scenario, showing the central role of
             fundamenals and consistent policies.},
   Key = {fds328438}
}

@article{fds341120,
   Author = {Borio, C and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {One hundred and thirty years of central bank cooperation: A
             BIS perspective},
   Pages = {16-75},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780521877794},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511510779.002},
   Abstract = {© Cambridge University Press, 2009 and Bank for
             International Settlements 2008. INTRODUCTION: The idea that
             an “international bank” would facilitate central bank
             cooperation dates back to the late nineteenth century
             (Toniolo 2005: 20–23). It was officially revived in the
             immediate postwar period, particularly at the 1922 Genoa
             economic conference. In keeping with the vision of Governor
             Montagu Norman of the Bank of England, the Bank for
             International Settlements (BIS), established in 1930 to
             facilitate the transfer of German reparations, was also
             given the mission of promoting central bank cooperation.
             Since July 1931, when the Hoover moratorium put an end to
             reparations, central bank cooperation has been the main
             objective of the BIS. The 1935 BIS Annual Report asked:
             “Cooperation on what? With what objectives in view?
             How?” With the insight of 130 years of history, this
             chapter tries to answer three questions: How did changing
             international monetary and financial conditions shape the
             targets and tools of central bank cooperation? What
             conditions determined its intensity? Did a structured
             organization, such as the BIS, make a difference? This
             chapter will not discuss the desirability of cooperation. We
             focus primarily on the process, rather than the ultimate
             outcomes of cooperation, and we do so from a positive rather
             than normative perspective. In other words, while we fully
             recognize that cooperation based on the wrong “model” of
             how the economy works or on the wrong analysis of current
             and future conditions can have perverse effects, we do not
             make such assessments in the scope of our
             analysis.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511510779.002},
   Key = {fds341120}
}

@article{fds329918,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {The Italian economy from the unity to the Great
             War.},
   Journal = {Journal of Modern Italian Studies},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {130-132},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds329918}
}

@article{fds239119,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Vecchi, G},
   Title = {“Italian Children at Work”},
   Journal = {Il Giornale Degli Economisti E Annali D’Economia,},
   Volume = {CXX},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {401-427},
   Year = {2007},
   Abstract = {This paper quantifies the extent and the main
             characteristics of child work in Italy during the years
             1881-1961. From population censuses, we created a new
             database of the economically active population aged 10-14 by
             gender, region, and economic sector. We find that child work
             incidence declined sharply over time, from 64.3 percent in
             1881 to 3.6 percent in 1961. This pattern holds true both
             nationally and within regions. The new body of evidence we
             provide casts serious doubts on international comparisons
             which portray post-war Italy as a country with peculiarly
             high employment rates for children. Our findings also
             challenge the view that the initial phases of
             industrialization had a negative impact on the living
             standards of Italian children. We show that, in the case of
             Italy, industrialization coincided with a decline in the
             employment of children. Our analysis of the determinants of
             child work suggests that (i) changes in the allocation of
             total active population among productive sectors explain
             only a small amount of changes in the employment of
             children; (ii) changes in labor and compulsory-schooling
             legislation indicates that the impact of institutions on
             child labor was modest until the late 1930s. Overall, the
             increasing GDP per head was probably the main, but not the
             only, driving force behind declining child work
             incidence.},
   Key = {fds239119}
}

@article{fds239139,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {“La storia economica dell’Italia liberale: una
             rivoluzione in atto”},
   Journal = {Rivista Di Storia Economica},
   Volume = {19},
   Pages = {247-264},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds239139}
}

@article{fds239137,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Conte, L and Vecchi, G},
   Title = {Monetary Union, institutions and financial market
             integration: Italy, 1862-1905},
   Journal = {Explorations in Economic History},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {443-461},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eeh.2003.08.001},
   Abstract = {Years into the single currency, EMU financial markets are
             not fully integrated. We argue that the phenomenon can be
             better understood by looking at financial markets' behavior
             in the wake of Italy's monetary unification (1862).
             Variables such as the spread of the telegraph, trade
             volumes, and the diffusion of the 'single currency' fail to
             explain why it took 25 years for prices across regional
             stock exchanges to converge. A single Italian financial
             market appeared only when the State prevailed upon local
             vested interests by enforcing nation-wide financial market
             legislation. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.eeh.2003.08.001},
   Key = {fds239137}
}

@article{fds239138,
   Author = {Rossi, N and Toniolo, G and Vecchi, G},
   Title = {Is the Kuznets curve still alive? Evidence from Italian
             household budgets, 1881-1961},
   Journal = {Journal of Economic History},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {904-925},
   Year = {2001},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {0022-0507},
   Abstract = {We investigate secular changes in the distribution of
             personal expenditure in Italy. To this end we present a new
             data set, consisting of 4,370 family-level budgets scattered
             over the years 1881-1961. Our methodology is innovative for
             this kind of study. Italy's secular trend proves to have
             been egalitarian, and to have accelerated in periods of fast
             output growth. Sectoral, residential, and demographic
             changes associated with "modern economic growth" account for
             a minor part of the observed changes in expenditure
             distribution, suggesting that other factors, such as wage
             differentials, play a dominant role in explaining the
             dynamics of inequality.},
   Key = {fds239138}
}

@article{fds239136,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Boltho, A},
   Title = {"The Assessment: The Twentieth Century - Achievements,
             Failures, Lessons"},
   Journal = {Oxford Review of Economic Policy},
   Volume = {XV},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1-17},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {Winter},
   Abstract = {The past century saw unprecedented rises in life expectancy
             and living standards. It also witnessed major structural
             changes, the rise of 'big government' and two
             globalizations. Yet, the century's economic history was
             marred by policy and market failures resulting in a massive
             world-wide depression, frequent financial crises
             (particularly in the developing world), and several
             inflation spurts. Central planning set back development for
             one-third of the world's population; transition to the
             market economy was at best slow, in some instances
             disastrous. Income distribution within countries changed
             little, while productivity convergence between rich and poor
             economies was virtually absent. Policy-making learnt some
             lessons from the 1930s experience, particularly in the areas
             of macroeconomic management, international cooperation, and
             free trade. Dogmatic recipes, however, were often resorted
             to at home, aided and abetted by the pretensions of the
             economics profession.},
   Key = {fds239136}
}

@article{fds304448,
   Author = {Boltho, A and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {The assessment: The twentieth century - achievements,
             failures, lessons},
   Journal = {Oxford Review of Economic Policy},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1-17},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press (OUP)},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/15.4.1},
   Abstract = {The past century saw unprecedented rises in life expectancy
             and living standards. It also witnessed major structural
             changes, the rise of 'big government' and two
             globalizations. Yet, the century's economic history was
             marred by policy and market failures resulting in a massive
             world-wide depression, frequent financial crises
             (particularly in the developing world), and several
             inflation spurts. Central planning set back development for
             one-third of the world's population; transition to the
             market economy was at best slow, in some instances
             disastrous. Income distribution within countries changed
             little, while productivity convergence between rich and poor
             economies was virtually absent. Policy-making learnt some
             lessons from the 1930s experience, particularly in the areas
             of macroeconomic management, international cooperation, and
             free trade. Dogmatic recipes, however, were often resorted
             to at home, aided and abetted by the pretensions of the
             economics profession.},
   Doi = {10.1093/oxrep/15.4.1},
   Key = {fds304448}
}

@article{fds304449,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Europe's golden age, 1950-1973: Speculations from a long-run
             perspective},
   Journal = {The Economic History Review},
   Volume = {51},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {252-267},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0013-0117},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0289.00090},
   Doi = {10.1111/1468-0289.00090},
   Key = {fds304449}
}

@article{fds239135,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Europe’s golden age, 1950-73: speculations from a long-run
             perspective},
   Journal = {The Economic History Review},
   Volume = {LI},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {252-267},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {0013-0117},
   Key = {fds239135}
}

@article{fds239114,
   Author = {Crafts, N and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Economic growth in Europe since 1945},
   Journal = {Economic Growth in Europe Since 1945},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press, Cambridge},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {January},
   Abstract = {This volume re-examines the topic of economic growth in
             Europe after WWII. Specialist contributors provide new
             theoretical approaches to the subject, utilising the
             experience of the 1980s. The analysis is largely based on
             applied economics and economic history. Emphasis is given to
             the presentation of chronological and institutional detail.
             The introductory chapters explore general European
             institutional arrangements and historical evidence. The case
             study papers are presented from the national case study
             approach. Individual chapters cover Belgium, Denmark,
             Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands,
             Portugal, Sweden and the UK. The book attempts to shed new
             light on the economic experience of Europe, based on new
             insights that have not emerged under previous studies of the
             post-1960 period. -after Publisher},
   Key = {fds239114}
}

@article{fds239134,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Temin, P and Feinstein, C},
   Title = {Three shocks, Two Recoveries? Historical Parallels for the
             end of the cold War},
   Journal = {Rivista Di Storia Economica, 2nd Series},
   Volume = {XI},
   Pages = {297-316},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds239134}
}

@article{fds239113,
   Author = {Faini, R and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Reconsidering Japanese deflation during the
             1920s},
   Journal = {Explorations in Economic History},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {121-143},
   Booktitle = {Explorations in Economic History},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {1992},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0014-4983},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4983(92)90008-K},
   Abstract = {This paper takes issue with a mainstream view according to
             which the alleged poor performance of the Japanese economy
             during the 1920s was the result of the deflationary
             macroeconomic policies: such policies were repeatedly
             announced but not implemented until 1929. Price deflation is
             explained with a model showing that the announcement of a
             future appreciation of the exchange rate will lead to a
             decline in the price level. Both in international
             perspective and in light of later Japanese events, it is
             difficult to hold a negative view of the inability of
             Japanese governments to implement consistent deflationary
             policies during the 1920s. © 1992.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0014-4983(92)90008-K},
   Key = {fds239113}
}

@article{fds239133,
   Author = {ROSSI, N and TONIOLO, G},
   Title = {Catching up or falling behind? Italy's economic growth,
             1895‐1947},
   Journal = {The Economic History Review},
   Volume = {45},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {537-563},
   Year = {1992},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0013-0117},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1992JH53300005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1468-0289.1992.tb02151.x},
   Key = {fds239133}
}

@article{fds239132,
   Author = {Faini, R and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Deflation reconsidered: Japan in the 1920s},
   Journal = {European Economic Review},
   Volume = {34},
   Number = {2-3},
   Pages = {616-623},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0014-2921},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2921(90)90134-K},
   Abstract = {The paper takes issue with a mainstream view according to
             which the alleged poor performance of the Japanese economy
             during the 1920s was the result of deflationary
             macroeconomic policies. There is evidence that government
             spending was moderately on the deficit side and more so at
             times of falling aggregate demand. Money supply increased
             throughout the period. The Bank of Japan followed an
             'accommodating' (demand-pulled) loan policy. Price deflation
             is explained by a model which leads to the prediction that
             the announcement of a future appreciation of the exchange
             rate will lead to an immediate decline in the price level
             followed by a steady downward path until a new steady state
             is reached. The authors conclude that the inability to
             deflate was a blessing in disguise, if seen in the
             perspective both of contemporary international events and of
             the Japanese policies of 1929-1931. © 1990.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0014-2921(90)90134-K},
   Key = {fds239132}
}

@article{fds239112,
   Author = {Basevi, G and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {'Debt and default in the 1930s: Causes and consequences' by
             Barry Eichengreen and Richard Portes},
   Journal = {European Economic Review},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {641-647},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0014-2921},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2921(86)90013-9},
   Doi = {10.1016/0014-2921(86)90013-9},
   Key = {fds239112}
}

@article{fds239127,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Intermediazione finanziaria e sviluppo economico in
             Giappone: nota sul periodo 1952-72},
   Journal = {Politica Economica},
   Volume = {I},
   Pages = {259-278},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds239127}
}

@article{fds239131,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Ciocca, PL},
   Title = {Industry and Finance in Italy 1918-1940},
   Journal = {The Journal of European Economic History},
   Volume = {XIII},
   Pages = {113-136},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds239131}
}

@article{fds239129,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Costa e, P and Dolcetta, B},
   Title = {The New Scale of the City},
   Journal = {Architectural Review},
   Volume = {CXLIX},
   Number = {891},
   Pages = {310-312},
   Year = {1981},
   Month = {May},
   Key = {fds239129}
}

@article{fds239124,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Cento anni di economia portuale a Venezia},
   Journal = {Co.S.E.S. Informazioni},
   Volume = {III},
   Pages = {33-73},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds239124}
}

@article{fds239125,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Prima fase dello smobilizzo pubblico delle 'banche
             miste'},
   Journal = {Economia Pubblica},
   Pages = {403-417},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds239125}
}

@article{fds239126,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Politica economica fascista e industrializzazione del
             Mezzogiorno: alcune considerazioni},
   Journal = {Ricerche Economiche},
   Volume = {XXXI},
   Pages = {177-189},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds239126}
}

@article{fds239130,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Effective Protection and Industrial Growth: The Case of
             Italian Engineering (1898-1913)},
   Journal = {The Journal of European Economic History},
   Volume = {VI},
   Pages = {659-673},
   Year = {1977},
   Key = {fds239130}
}

@article{fds239123,
   Author = {Toniolo, G and Tattara, G},
   Title = {Lo sviluppo industriale italiano tra le due
             guerre},
   Journal = {Quaderni Storici},
   Number = {29/30},
   Pages = {377-347},
   Year = {1975},
   Key = {fds239123}
}

@article{fds239122,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Alcune considerazioni sull'uso della teoria nella storia
             economica},
   Journal = {Annali Della Fondazione Einaudi},
   Volume = {VIII},
   Pages = {143-150},
   Publisher = {Torino},
   Year = {1974},
   Key = {fds239122}
}

@article{fds239118,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Le fasi dell'industrializzazione italiana e la crisi del
             1971-72},
   Journal = {Rivista Internazionale Di Scienze Economiche E
             Commerciali},
   Volume = {XIX},
   Pages = {1040-1053},
   Year = {1972},
   Key = {fds239118}
}

@article{fds239121,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Gino Luzzatto e l'economia italiana nel priodo
             giolittiano},
   Journal = {Rendiconti},
   Volume = {VI},
   Pages = {207-225},
   Year = {1972},
   Key = {fds239121}
}

@article{fds239120,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Cause dello sviluppo economico italiano del dopoguerra: una
             riconsiderazione},
   Journal = {Quaderni Storici},
   Number = {16},
   Pages = {174-200},
   Year = {1971},
   Key = {fds239120}
}

@article{fds239128,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Patterns of Industrial Growth and Italy's Industrialization
             from 1894 to 1913},
   Journal = {Rendiconti},
   Volume = {I},
   Pages = {259-283},
   Year = {1969},
   Key = {fds239128}
}


%% Papers Published   
@article{fds313549,
   Author = {Crafts, N and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {'Les Trente Glorieuses': From the Marshall Plan to the Oil
             Crisis},
   Booktitle = {The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {September},
   ISBN = {9780199560981},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199560981.013.0018},
   Abstract = {© Editorial matter and arrangement Dan Stone 2012. All
             rights reserved. The French economist Jean Fourastié called
             them 'les trente glorieuses'. The Germans and the Italians
             coined the words Wirtschaft swunder and miracolo economico,
             respectively. No matter how the thirty-odd years after the
             end of World War II were characterised by Europe's various
             cultures, they stand out as the period of the fastest
             economic growth in the continent's history. In retrospect,
             the years between the late 1940s and the early 1970s have
             been seen as a Golden Age, when the foundations of future
             prosperity were established on firm ground. This article
             analyses the most relevant features of Europe's
             extraordinary growth during the 'glorious thirty', and tries
             to explain why, after all, there was nothing 'miraculous'
             about them. In doing so, it takes a broad perspective of
             Europe as a single region within the world economy, although
             divided into two areas by an 'Iron Curtain'. The article
             also looks at postwar reconstruction, trade and the process
             of European integration, the international monetary system
             in Western Europe, and the end and the long-term impact of
             the Golden Age.},
   Doi = {10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199560981.013.0018},
   Key = {fds313549}
}

@article{fds313550,
   Author = {Conte, L and Toniolo, G and Vecchi, G},
   Title = {Lessons from Italy's Monetary Unification (1862-1880) for
             the Euro and Europe's Single Market},
   Pages = {315-338},
   Booktitle = {P.A. David and M. Thomas (eds.), The Economic Future in
             Historical Perspective},
   Publisher = {British Academy},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {019726347X},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000229310100011&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {© The British Academy 2003. All rights reserved. This
             chapter examines the effects of monetary unification on
             market integration. It offers a new perspective on the
             Euro's likely effectiveness in achieving the 'Single Market'
             goal of European economic integration, by examining the
             impact of a nineteenth-century national currency reform. It
             looks back at the experience of Italian monetary unification
             after 1861 and describes how rapidly the prices of the basic
             factors of production, wages, and interest rates began to
             converge after the introduction of the national
             currency.},
   Doi = {10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0011},
   Key = {fds313550}
}

@article{fds313547,
   Author = {Rhode, PW and Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Understanding the 1990s: A long-run perspective},
   Pages = {1-20},
   Booktitle = {The Global Economy in the 1990s: A Long-Run
             Perspective},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {0521852633},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511616464.002},
   Abstract = {© Cambridge University Press 2006. Introduction: The
             twentieth century both opened and closed with a bang: The
             belle epoque before 1914 and the “roaring nineties”
             (Stiglitz, 2003) just past. It was only after the First
             World War that people looked back at the 1895-1914 period
             with nostalgia as a “beautiful era” of spreading
             prosperity, peaceful technical progress, low inflation, and
             modest financial instability. The 1990s, on the contrary,
             were seen as the “best of times” (Johnson, 2001) by many
             of those who lived through the decade - at least, those in
             the United States. Will future historians confirm this view?
             If the twentieth century is any guide, much will depend on
             how the twenty-first century unfolds. If peace again
             prevails, if productivity growth continues apace at the
             economic center and spreads to the periphery, if means are
             found to govern the international economy in ways that make
             the costs of globalization socially acceptable, then the
             1990s may well be remembered as a moment in human history
             when the foundations were laid for a long period of
             sustainable growth. If, on the other hand, social,
             political, and economic instability prevails, as it did
             after the First World War, then people may indeed look back
             at the 1990s as “the best of times,” creating the myth
             of another belle epoque. Posterity will magnify the virtues
             of the last decade in the twentieth century and ignore its
             shortcomings.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511616464.002},
   Key = {fds313547}
}

@article{fds313546,
   Author = {Toniolo, G},
   Title = {Laudatio patritii: Patrick O’brien and European economic
             history},
   Pages = {283-293},
   Booktitle = {Exceptionalism and Industrialisation: Britain and its
             European Rivals, 1688-1815},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780521793049},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511523830.014},
   Abstract = {© Cambridge University Press 2004 and 2009. A tradition
             going back to the Middle Ages prescribes that symposia
             celebrating a distinguished scholar end with the latter’s
             laudatio. It is for me both an honour and a pleasure to
             perform this task. My friendship with Patrick dates back to
             1977 when he introduced me to St Antony’s, my intellectual
             home for years to come. Unfortunately, this laudatio will be
             the least original of all the papers collected in this book.
             We are all members of a community that has long drawn upon
             Patrick’s intellectual and personal gifts. We all have
             studied his books and papers, learned from his lectures and
             seminars, benefited from his advice, relished his wit,
             delighted in his company. And many of us have experienced
             the warmth of his loyal friendship. Can I possibly add
             anything new to all this? My task is made even more
             difficult by the fact that I am no expert of British
             economic history. I am, however, encouraged by the width of
             Patrick’s scholarship, his contribution to our
             understanding of economic history being by no means confined
             to his country of origin. Even so, a full, if cursory,
             review of Patrick O’Brien’s work is beyond my
             capability. The sheer quantity of his production-fifty-three
             papers in the last decade alone-defies any attempt by this
             laudatio to systematically analyse Patrick’s work. Let me
             just recall that Patrick’s first published papers dealt
             with the economic history of Britain and
             Egypt.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511523830.014},
   Key = {fds313546}
}

@article{fds26014,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {L' Italia verso il declino economico?},
   Pages = {7-29},
   Booktitle = {Il declino economico dell' Italia},
   Publisher = {Bruno Mondadori},
   Editor = {G. Toniolo and V. Visco},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds26014}
}


%% Chapters in Books   
@misc{fds180245,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and N. Crafts},
   Title = {“Aggregate Growth 1950 – 2005”,},
   Volume = {2},
   Pages = {296-332},
   Booktitle = {The Cambridge Economic History of Modern
             Europe,},
   Publisher = {Cambridge Univesrity Press},
   Editor = {S. Broadberry and K. O'Rourke},
   Year = {2010},
   Key = {fds180245}
}

@misc{fds180263,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and A. Gigliobianco e G. Piluso},
   Title = {"Il rapporto banca-impresa in Italia negli anni
             cinquanta"},
   Pages = {225-302},
   Booktitle = {Stabilita e sviluppo negli anni cinquanta, Toma 3 Politica
             bancaria e structura del sistema finanziario},
   Editor = {F. Cotula},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds180263}
}

@misc{fds180246,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Does History have Useful Economics? Lessons from Europe’s
             Golden Age (1950-73)},
   Journal = {Contemporay Economic Issue. Proceedings of the Eleventh
             World Congress of The International Economic Association,
             Tunis},
   Pages = {83-102},
   Publisher = {Mc Millan, Houndsmill etc},
   Editor = {Y. MUNDLAK},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds180246}
}

@misc{fds180264,
   Author = {P. Ciocca and G. Toniolo (a cura di)},
   Title = {Introduzione},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds180264}
}

@misc{fds180247,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and N. Rossi},
   Title = {Italy},
   Pages = {427 - 454},
   Booktitle = {Economic Growth in Europe Since 1945},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press, Cambridge},
   Editor = {N. CRAFTS and G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds180247}
}

@misc{fds180248,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Postwar Growth : An Overview},
   Pages = {1-37},
   Booktitle = {Economic Growth in Europe Since 1945},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press, Cambridge},
   Editor = {N. CRAFTS and G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds180248}
}

@misc{fds180249,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and C. Feinstein and P.Temin},
   Title = {International Economic Organization: Banking, Finance, and
             Trade in Europe beteween the Wars},
   Journal = {C. FEINSTEIN},
   Series = {Banking, Currency and Finance in Europe between the
             Wars},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds180249}
}

@misc{fds180250,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Italian banking, 1919 - 1939},
   Pages = {296 - 314},
   Booktitle = {Banking, Currency and Finance in Europe between the
             Wars},
   Publisher = {Clarendon Press, Oxford},
   Editor = {C. FEINSTEIN},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds180250}
}

@misc{fds180251,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {The rise and fall of the German-type bank in Italy,
             1894-1934},
   Pages = {433 - 44},
   Booktitle = {Entrepreneurship and the Transformation of the Economy (10th
             to 20th Centuries). Essays in honour of Hreman van der
             Wee.},
   Publisher = {Leuven},
   Editor = {E. Van Cauwenberghe et alii},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds180251}
}

@misc{fds180252,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and R. E. Sylla},
   Title = {Introduction: Patterns of European industrialization during
             the nineteenth century},
   Pages = {1-26},
   Booktitle = {Patterns of European Industrialization: The Nineteenth
             Century},
   Publisher = {Routledge, London},
   Editor = {R. E. SYLLA and G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds180252}
}

@misc{fds180253,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and G.Federico},
   Title = {Italy},
   Pages = {197-217},
   Publisher = {Routledge, London},
   Editor = {R.E. SYLLA and G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds180253}
}

@misc{fds180254,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and P. K. O'Brien},
   Title = {The poverty of Italy and the backwardness of its agriculture
             before 1914},
   Pages = {385-409},
   Booktitle = {Land, Labour and Livestock. Historical studies in European
             agricultural productivity},
   Publisher = {Manchester University Press, Manchester and New
             York},
   Editor = {B.M.S. CAMPBELL and M. OVERTON},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds180254}
}

@misc{fds180255,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and F. Piva},
   Title = {Unemployment in the 1930s: The Case of Italy},
   Pages = {221-46},
   Publisher = {Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrocht-Boston-
             London},
   Editor = {B. EICHENGEEN and T. HATTON},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds180255}
}

@misc{fds180265,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Crises économiques et intervention de l' état en Italie
             1893-1937},
   Pages = {189-199},
   Booktitle = {Etats, fiscalités, économies. Actes du cinquiŠme congrès
             de l'Association Francaise des historiens
             economistes},
   Publisher = {Publications de la Sorbonne, Paris},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds180265}
}

@misc{fds180257,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Railways and Economic Growth in Mediterranean Countries:
             Some Methodological Remarks},
   Pages = {227-36},
   Booktitle = {Railways and Economic Development of Western
             Europe},
   Publisher = {Macmillan, London},
   Editor = {P. K. O'BRIEN},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds180257}
}

@misc{fds180258,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Crisi economica e smobilizzo pubblico delle banche miste
             (1930-34)},
   Pages = {284-352},
   Booktitle = {Industria e banca curane la grande crisi
             (1929-35)},
   Publisher = {Etas Libri, Milano},
   Editor = {G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1978},
   Key = {fds180258}
}

@misc{fds180259,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Ricerche recenti e problemi aperti sull'economia italiana
             durante la 'grande crisi'},
   Pages = {18-32},
   Booktitle = {Industria e banca durante la grande crisi
             (1929-35),},
   Publisher = {Etas Libri, Milano},
   Editor = {G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1978},
   Key = {fds180259}
}

@misc{fds180260,
   Author = {G. Toniolo and P. L. Ciocca},
   Title = {Introduzione},
   Pages = {7-18},
   Booktitle = {L'economia italiana nel periodo fascista},
   Publisher = {Il Mulino, Bologna},
   Editor = {P. CIOCCA e G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds180260}
}

@misc{fds180261,
   Author = {G. Toniolo,G. Tattara},
   Title = {L'industria manifatturiera: cicli, politiche e mutamenti di
             struttura (1921-37)",},
   Pages = {103-69},
   Booktitle = {L'economia italiana nel periodo fascista},
   Publisher = {Il Mulino, Bologna},
   Editor = {P. CIOCCA e G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1976},
   Key = {fds180261}
}

@misc{fds180262,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Alcune tendenze dello sviluppo economico italiano
             1861-1940},
   Journal = {Lo sviluppo economico italiano 1861-1940},
   Pages = {1-37},
   Publisher = {Laterza, Bari},
   Editor = {G. TONIOLO},
   Year = {1973},
   Key = {fds180262}
}


%% Other   
@misc{fds27437,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Il migliore, il peggiore dei secoli},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds27437}
}

@misc{fds27438,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Prefazione},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds27438}
}

@misc{fds27439,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Critica de Barry Eichengreen 'Golden Fetters'},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds27439}
}

@misc{fds27440,
   Author = {G. Toniolo},
   Title = {Other Publications},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds27440}
}


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