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Publications of Tracy Falba    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  by tags listing:

%% Journal Articles   
   Author = {Falba, TA and Sindelar, JL and Gallo, WT},
   Title = {Work Expectations, Realizations, and Depression in Older
   Journal = {Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics},
   Volume = {12},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {175-186},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {December},
   ISSN = {1091-4358},
   url = {},
   Key = {fds238094}

   Author = {Gueorguieva, R and Sindelar, JL and Falba, TA and Fletcher, JM and Keenan, P and Wu, R and Gallo, WT},
   Title = {The impact of occupation on self-rated health:
             Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence from the health
             and retirement survey},
   Journal = {Journals of Gerontology: Series B},
   Volume = {64},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {118-124},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Background. The objective of this study is to estimate
             occupational differences in self-rated health, both in
             cross-section and over time, among older individuals.
             Methods. We use hierarchical linear models to estimate
             self-reported health as a function of 8 occupational
             categories and key covariates. We examine self-reported
             health status over 7 waves (12 years) of the Health and
             Retirement Study. Our study sample includes 9,586
             individuals with 55,389 observations. Longest occupation is
             used to measure the cumulative i mpact of occupation,
             address the potential for reverse causality, and allow the
             inclusion of all older individuals, including those no
             longer working. Results. Significant baseline differences in
             self-reported health by occupation are found even after
             accounting for demographics, health habits, economic
             attributes, and employment characteristics. But contrary to
             our hypothesis, there is no support for significant
             differences in slopes of health trajectories even after
             accounting for dropout. Conclusions. Our findings suggest
             that occupation-related differences found at baseline are
             durable and persist as individuals age. © The Author 2009.
             Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The
             Gerontological Society of America. All rights
   Doi = {10.1093/geronb/gbn006},
   Key = {fds325831}

   Author = {Falba, TA and Sindelar, JL},
   Title = {Spousal concordance in health behavior change},
   Journal = {Health Services Research},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {96-116},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {0017-9124},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {spouse; smoking; alcohol; exercise; preventive services;
             smoking-cessation; husbands; marriage; support; maintenance;
             patterns; families; history; model},
   Abstract = {Objective. This study examines the degree to which a married
             individual's health habits and use of preventive medical
             care are influenced by his or her spouse's behaviors. Study
             Design. Using longitudinal data on individuals and their
             spouses, we examine changes over time in the health habits
             of each person as a function of changes in his or her
             spouse's health habits. Specifically, we analyze changes in
             smoking, drinking, exercising, cholesterol screening, and
             obtaining a flu shot. Data Source. This study uses data from
             the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally
             representative sample of individuals born between 1931 and
             1941 and their spouses. Beginning in 1992, 12,652 persons
             (age-eligible individuals as well as their spouses) from
             7,702 households were surveyed about many aspects of their
             life, including health behaviors, use of preventive
             services, and disease diagnosis. Sample. The analytic sample
             includes 6,072 individuals who are married at the time of
             the initial HRS survey and who remain married and in the
             sample at the time of the 1996 and 2000 waves. Principal
             Findings. We consistently find that when one spouse improves
             his or her behavior, the other spouse is likely to do so as
             well. This is found across all the behaviors analyzed, and
             persists despite controlling for many other factors.
             Conclusions. Simultaneous changes occur in a number of
             health behaviors. This conclusion has prescriptive
             implications for developing interventions, treatments, and
             policies to improve health habits and for evaluating the
             impact of such measures.},
   Key = {RefWorks:96}

   Author = {McKee, SA and Falba, T and O'Malley, SS and Sindelar, J and O'Connor,
   Title = {Smoking status as a clinical indicator for alcohol misuse in
             US adults.},
   Journal = {Archives of internal medicine},
   Volume = {167},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {716-721},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {April},
   ISBN = {0003-9926 (Print)},
   ISSN = {0003-9926},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {Adolescent; Adult; Alcohol Drinking/*epidemiology;
             Alcoholism/*epidemiology; Humans; Smoking/*epidemiology},
   Abstract = {BACKGROUND: Screening for alcohol use in primary care
             settings is recommended by clinical care guidelines but is
             not adhered to as strongly as screening for smoking. It has
             been proposed that smoking status could be used to enhance
             the identification of alcohol misuse in primary care and
             other medical settings, but national data are lacking. Our
             objective was to investigate smoking status as a clinical
             indicator for alcohol misuse in a national sample of US
             adults, following clinical care guidelines for the
             assessment of these behaviors. METHODS: Analyses are based
             on a sample of 42 374 US adults from the National
             Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
             (Wave I, 2001-2002). Odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence
             intervals (CIs), and test characteristics (sensitivity,
             specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and
             positive likelihood ratio of smoking behavior [daily,
             occasional, or former]) were determined for the detection of
             hazardous drinking behavior and alcohol-related diagnoses,
             assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated
             Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV. RESULTS: Daily,
             occasional, and ex-smokers were more likely than never
             smokers to be hazardous drinkers (OR, 3.23 [95% CI,
             3.02-3.46]; OR, 5.33 [95% CI, 4.70-6.04]; OR, 1.19 [95% CI,
             1.10-1.28], respectively). Daily and occasional smokers were
             more likely to meet criteria for alcohol diagnoses (OR, 3.52
             [95% CI, 3.19-3.90] and OR, 5.39 [95% CI, 4.60-6.31],
             respectively). For the detection of hazardous drinking by
             current smoking (occasional smokers + daily smokers),
             sensitivity was 42.5%; specificity, 81.9%; positive
             predictive value, 45.3% (vs population rate of 26.1%); and
             positive likelihood ratio, 2.34. For the detection of
             alcohol diagnoses by current smoking, sensitivity was 51.4%;
             specificity, 78.0%; positive predictive value, 17.8% (vs
             population rate of 8.5%); and positive likelihood ratio,
             2.33. CONCLUSIONS: Occasional and daily smokers were at
             heightened risk for hazardous drinking and alcohol use
             diagnoses. Smoking status can be used as a clinical
             indicator for alcohol misuse and as a reminder for alcohol
             screening in general.},
   Doi = {10.1001/archinte.167.7.716},
   Key = {RefWorks:95}

   Author = {Gallo, WT and Teng, HM and Falba, TA and Kasl, SV and Krumholz, HM and Bradley, EH},
   Title = {The impact of late career job loss on myocardial infarction
             and stroke: a 10 year follow up using the health and
             retirement survey},
   Journal = {Occupational and environmental medicine},
   Volume = {63},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {683-687},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {October},
   ISBN = {1351-0711},
   ISSN = {1351-0711},
   url = {},
             MORTALITY; MEN},
   Doi = {10.1136/oem.2006.026823},
   Key = {RefWorks:94}

   Author = {Gallo, WT and Bradley, EH and Dubin, JA and Jones, RN and Falba, TA and Teng, HM and Kasl, SV},
   Title = {The persistence of depressive symptoms in older workers who
             experience involuntary job loss: Results from the health and
             retirement survey},
   Journal = {Journals of Gerontology Series B-Psychological Sciences and
             Social Sciences},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {S221-S228},
   Year = {2006},
   ISBN = {1079-5014},
   Key = {RefWorks:93}

   Author = {Falba, T and Teng, H-M and Sindelar, JL and Gallo,
   Title = {The effect of involuntary job loss on smoking intensity and
   Journal = {Addiction},
   Volume = {100},
   Number = {9},
   Pages = {1330-1339},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {September},
   ISBN = {0965-2140},
   ISSN = {0965-2140},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {employment; involuntary job loss; older workers; smoking
   Abstract = {AIMS: To assess the impact of involuntary job loss due to
             plant closure or layoff on relapse to smoking and smoking
             intensity among older workers. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, SAMPLE:
             Data come from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally
             representative survey of older Americans aged 51-61 in 1991
             followed every 2 years beginning in 1992. The 3052
             participants who were working at the initial wave and had
             any history of smoking comprise the main sample. METHODS:
             Primary outcomes are smoking relapse at wave 2 (1994) among
             baseline former smokers, and smoking quantity at wave 2
             among baseline current smokers. As reported at the wave 2
             follow-up, 6.8% of the sample experienced an involuntary job
             loss between waves 1 and 2. FINDINGS: Older workers have
             over two times greater odds of relapse subsequent to
             involuntary job loss than those who did not. Further, those
             who were current smokers prior to displacement that did not
             obtain new employment were found to be smoking more
             cigarettes, on average, post-job loss. CONCLUSIONS: The
             stress of job loss, along with other significant changes
             associated with leaving one's job, which would tend to
             increase cigarette consumption, must outweigh the financial
             hardship which would tend to reduce consumption. This
             highlights job loss as an important health risk factor for
             older smokers.},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01150.x},
   Key = {RefWorks:89}

   Author = {Falba, T},
   Title = {Health events and the smoking cessation of middle aged
   Journal = {Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {21-33},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {February},
   ISBN = {0160-7715},
   ISSN = {0160-7715},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {smoking cessation; Health and Retirement Study; health
             events; longitudinal studies; health behavior; HOSPITALIZED
   Abstract = {This study investigates the effect of serious health events
             including new diagnoses of heart attacks, strokes, cancers,
             chronic lung disease, chronic heart failure, diabetes, and
             heart disease on future smoking status up to 6 years
             postevent. Data come from the Health and Retirement Study, a
             nationally representative longitudinal survey of Americans
             aged 51-61 in 1991, followed every 2 years from 1992 to
             1998. Smoking status is evaluated at each of three
             follow-ups, (1994, 1996, and 1998) as a function of health
             events between each of the four waves. Acute and chronic
             health events are associated with much lower likelihood of
             smoking both in the wave immediately following the event and
             up to 6 years later. However, future events do not
             retrospectively predict past cessation. In sum, serious
             health events have substantial impacts on cessation rates of
             older smokers. Notably, these effects persist for as much as
             6 years after a health event.},
   Key = {RefWorks:88}

   Author = {Falba, TA and Busch, SH},
   Title = {Survival expectations of the obese: Is excess mortality
             reflected in perceptions?},
   Journal = {Obesity Research},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {754-761},
   Year = {2005},
   ISBN = {1071-7323},
   url = { Duke open
   Keywords = {BMI; subjective survival; longevity; health and retirement
   Abstract = {Abstract},
   Key = {RefWorks:90}

   Author = {Jofre Bonet and M and Busch, SH and Falba, TA and Sindelar,
   Title = {Poor mental health and smoking: Interactive impact on
   Journal = {Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {193-203},
   Year = {2005},
   ISBN = {1091-4358},
   Key = {RefWorks:91}

   Author = {Sindelar, JL and Duchovny, N and Falba, TA and Busch,
   Title = {If smoking increases absences, does quitting reduce
   Journal = {Tobacco Control},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {99-105},
   Year = {2005},
   ISBN = {0964-4563},
   url = { Duke open
   Key = {RefWorks:92}

   Author = {Gallo, W and Bradley, E and Lim, S and Dubin, J and Teng, H and Leo-Summers, L and Gill, T and Falba, T},
   Title = {Differential effects of involuntary job loss among older
             workers: A follow-up study using the health and retirement
   Journal = {The Gerontologist},
   Volume = {44},
   Pages = {614-614},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {October},
   ISBN = {0016-9013},
   ISSN = {0016-9013},
   url = {},
   Key = {RefWorks:98}

   Author = {Sindelar, J and Falba, T},
   Title = {Securitization of tobacco settlement payments to reduce
             states' conflict of interest.},
   Journal = {Health Affairs},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {188-193},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {September},
   ISBN = {0278-2715},
   ISSN = {0278-2715},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {Securitization of the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA)
             payments from tobacco companies is hotly debated in states
             and policy circles. Securitization is issuing a bond backed
             by future payments in return for up-front money. Many public
             health advocates are strongly against securitization.
             However, securitization itself does not rob states of
             tobacco control. Rather, the issue is lack of commitment to
             tobacco control by states. Further, securitization can
             mitigate states' conflict of interest between keeping
             tobacco companies fiscally healthy to ensure their MSA
             payments and reducing tobacco sales for health reasons.
             States should not align with tobacco companies with the
             common interest of keeping tobacco companies fiscally
   Doi = {10.1377/hlthaff.23.5.188},
   Key = {RefWorks:86}

   Author = {Busch, S and Falba, T and Duchovny, N and Jofre-Bonet, M and O'Malley,
             S and Sindelar, J},
   Title = {Value to smokers of improved cessation products: evidence
             from a willingness-to-pay survey.},
   Journal = {Nicotine and Tobacco Research (OUP)},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {631-639},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {August},
   ISBN = {1462-2203},
   ISSN = {1462-2203},
   url = {},
   Abstract = {The present study demonstrated the use of willingness to pay
             to value hypothetical new smoking cessation products. Data
             came from a baseline survey of participants in a clinical
             trial of medications for smoking cessation (N=356) conducted
             in New Haven, Connecticut. We analyzed individual
             willingness to pay for a hypothetical tobacco cessation
             treatment that is (a) more effective than those currently
             available and then (b) more effective and attenuates the
             weight gain often associated with smoking cessation. A
             majority of the respondents (n=280; 84%) were willing to pay
             for the more effective treatment, and, of those, 175 (63%)
             were willing to pay more if the increased effectiveness was
             accompanied by attenuation of the weight gain associated
             with smoking cessation. The present study suggests the
             validity of using willingness-to-pay surveys in assessing
             the value of new smoking cessation products and products
             with multifaceted improvements. From these data, we
             calculated estimates of the value of a quit. For the
             population studied, this survey suggests a substantial
             market for more effective smoking cessation
   Doi = {10.1080/14622200410001727885},
   Key = {RefWorks:82}

   Author = {Snyder, A and Falba, T and Busch, S and Sindelar,
   Title = {Are State legislatures responding to public opinion when
             allocating funds for tobacco control programs?},
   Journal = {Health Promotion Practice},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {3 Suppl},
   Pages = {35S-45S},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {1524-8399},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {Health Promotion/*economics; Humans; Politics; *Public
             Opinion; *Resource Allocation; Smoking/epidemiology/*prevention
             & control; *State Government; Tobacco Industry/economics/*legislation
             & jurisprudence; United States/epidemiology},
   Abstract = {This study explored the factors associated with state-level
             allocations to tobacco-control programs. The primary
             research question was whether public sentiment regarding
             tobacco control was a significant factor in the states' 2001
             budget decisions. In addition to public opinion, several
             additional political and economic measures were considered.
             Significant associations were found between our outcome,
             state-level tobacco-control funding per capita, and key
             variables of interest including public opinion, amount of
             tobacco settlement received, the party affiliation of the
             governor, the state's smoking rate, excise tax revenue
             received, and whether the state was a major producer of
             tobacco. The findings from this study supported our
             hypothesis that states with citizens who favor more
             restrictive indoor air policies allocate more to tobacco
             control. Effective public education to change public opinion
             and the cultural norms surrounding smoking may affect
             political decisions and, in turn, increase funding for
             crucial public health programs.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1524839904264591},
   Key = {RefWorks:87}

   Author = {Falba, T and Jofre-Bonet, M and Busch, S and Duchovny, N and Sindelar,
   Title = {Reduction of quantity smoked predicts future cessation among
             older smokers.},
   Journal = {Addiction},
   Volume = {99},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {93-102},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {0965-2140},
   ISSN = {0965-2140},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {cigarette fading; health and retirement study; longitudinal
             study; reduced smoking; smoking cessation; tobacco use;
             PROGRAM; ABRUPT; TRIAL},
   Abstract = {AIM: To examine whether smokers who reduce their quantity of
             cigarettes smoked between two periods are more or less
             likely to quit subsequently. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from
             the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative
             survey of older Americans aged 51-61 in 1991 followed every
             2 years from 1992 to 1998. The 2064 participants smoking at
             baseline and the first follow-up comprise the main sample.
             MEASUREMENTS: Smoking cessation by 1996 is examined as the
             primary outcome. A secondary outcome is relapse by 1998.
             Spontaneous changes in smoking quantity between the first
             two waves make up the key predictor variables. Control
             variables include gender, age, education, race, marital
             status, alcohol use, psychiatric problems, acute or chronic
             health problems and smoking quantity. FINDINGS: Large (over
             50%) and even moderate (25-50%) reductions in quantity
             smoked between 1992 and 1994 predict prospectively increased
             likelihood of cessation in 1996 compared to no change in
             quantity (OR 2.96, P<0.001 and OR 1.61, P<0.01,
             respectively). Additionally, those who reduced and then quit
             were somewhat less likely to relapse by 1998 than those who
             did not reduce in the 2 years prior to quitting.
             CONCLUSIONS: Reducing successfully the quantity of
             cigarettes smoked appears to have a beneficial effect on
             future cessation likelihood, even after controlling for
             initial smoking level and other variables known to impact
             smoking cessation. These results indicate that the harm
             reduction strategy of reduced smoking warrants further
   Key = {RefWorks:84}

   Author = {Busch, S and Jofre-Bonet, M and Falba, T and Sindelar,
   Title = {Burning a Hole in the Budget: Tobacco Spending and its
             Crowd-Out of Other Goods},
   Journal = {Applied Health Economics and Health Policy},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {263-272},
   Year = {2004},
   url = { Duke open
   Abstract = {Smoking is an expensive habit. Smoking households spend, on
             average, more than $US1000 annually on cigarettes. When a
             family member quits, in addition to the former
   Key = {RefWorks:83}

   Author = {Gallo, WT and Bradley, EH and Falba, TA and Dubin, JA and Cramer, LD and Bogardus, ST and Kasl, SV},
   Title = {Involuntary job loss as a risk factor for subsequent
             myocardial infarction and stroke: Findings from the Health
             and Retirement Survey},
   Journal = {American Journal of Industrial Medicine},
   Volume = {45},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {408-416},
   Year = {2004},
   ISBN = {0271-3586},
   Keywords = {job loss; unemployment; incidence; myocardial infarction;
   Key = {RefWorks:85}

   Author = {McKee, SA and Maciejewski, PK and Falba, T and Mazure,
   Title = {Sex differences in the effects of stressful life events on
             changes in smoking status.},
   Journal = {Addiction},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {847-855},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {June},
   ISBN = {0965-2140},
   ISSN = {0965-2140},
   url = {},
   Keywords = {epidemiology; life events; sex differences; smoking; stress;
             PHYSICIAN; SYMPTOMS},
   Abstract = {AIMS: Stressful life events known to be associated with
             substance use were examined to determine if there were
             sex-specific responses to stress resulting in changes in
             smoking status. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: A
             community-based sample of ever smokers from the Americans'
             Changing Lives study (n = 1512, 45% female based on sample
             weights) was used to examine the interactive effects of sex
             and stressful life events on the likelihood of two outcomes;
             relapse among former smokers and failure to quit among
             current smokers. Logistic regression procedures were used to
             calculate odds ratios. Factors known to be associated with
             smoking status (e.g. depression, self-esteem, social
             support) were assessed as control variables. FINDINGS: In
             the sample of former smokers (n = 729) interpersonal loss
             events were associated with continued abstinence, whereas
             change of residence and adverse financial events were
             associated with increased occurrence of relapse. Women were
             more likely than men to relapse in response to a financial
             event. In the sample of current smokers (n = 783), financial
             events were associated with continued smoking, whereas
             health events were associated with increased likelihood of
             quitting. Women were more likely than men to continue
             smoking in the presence of an adverse financial event and
             less likely than men to quit in response to an adverse
             health event. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, stressful life events
             appear to have a greater deleterious effect on continued
             abstinence and the ability to quit smoking for women when
             compared to men. In particular, health and financial events
             are important risk factors for women and tobacco
   Key = {RefWorks:81}

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