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Publications of Paula D. McClain    :chronological  alphabetical  combined listing:

%% Books   
@book{fds365858,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Johnson Carew and JD},
   Title = {CAN WE ALL GET ALONG?: RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES IN
             AMERICAN POLITICS, SEVENTH EDITION},
   Pages = {1-374},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780429495533},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780429495533},
   Abstract = {In a nation built by immigrants and bedeviled by the history
             and legacy of slavery and discrimination, how do we, as
             Americans, reconcile a commitment to equality and freedom
             with persistent inequality and discrimination? And what can
             we do about it? This widely acclaimed text by Paula D.
             McClain, with new coauthor Jessica D. Johnson Carew,
             provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the
             historical and contemporary political experience of the
             major groups-African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans,
             and American Indians-in the United States. It explores the
             similarities and differences in these groups' representation
             and participation in law, politics, and policymaking,
             discusses the enduring issues and concerns that they face,
             and examines intraand inter-group competition and
             coalition-building in the face of enduring conflict and
             inequality. The seventh edition has been thoroughly revised
             and updated to include coverage of President Barack Obama's
             second term, the 2016 election, police brutality and Black
             Lives Matter, and the Dakota Access Pipeline protest
             movement. With a brand-new chapter on the intersections of
             race and gender, Can We All Get Along? remains unparalleled
             in its comparative coverage of the current landscape of
             minority politics in the United States.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9780429495533},
   Key = {fds365858}
}

@book{fds217486,
   Author = {P.D. McClain and Joseph Stewart, Jr.},
   Title = {"Can We All Get Along?" Racial and Ethnic Minorities in
             American Politics 6th edition},
   Publisher = {(Boulder: Westview Press, 2014)},
   Year = {2014},
   Key = {fds217486}
}

@book{fds297136,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Joseph Stewart and J},
   Title = {"Can We All Get Along?" Racial and Ethnic Minorities in
             American Politics},
   Publisher = {(Boulder: Westview Press, 2014)},
   Year = {2014},
   Key = {fds297136}
}

@book{fds297135,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Tauber, SC},
   Title = {American Government in Black and White, 2nd
             edition},
   Publisher = {(New York: Oxford University Press, 2014)},
   Year = {2013},
   Key = {fds297135}
}

@book{fds297134,
   Author = {Alt, J and Chambers, S and Garrett, G and Levi, M and McClain,
             PD},
   Title = {The Encyclopedia of Political Science},
   Publisher = {Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press,
             2010},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {October},
   ISBN = {978-1-933116-44-0},
   Key = {fds297134}
}

@book{fds297133,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Tauber, SC},
   Title = {American Government in Black and White},
   Publisher = {Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers, 2010},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {February},
   ISBN = {978-1-59451-497-5},
   Key = {fds297133}
}

@book{fds297130,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Minority Group Influence: Agenda Setting, Formulation, and
             Public Policy},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {McClain, PD},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297130}
}

@book{fds297129,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Rose, HM},
   Title = {Race, Place, and Risk: Black Homicide in Urban
             America},
   Publisher = {Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York
             Press},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds297129}
}

@book{fds297128,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Urban Minority Administrators: Politics, Policy and
             Style},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {McClain, PD and Karnig, AK},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds297128}
}

@book{fds297127,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Alienation and Resistance: The Political Behavior of
             Afro-Canadians},
   Publisher = {San Francisco, CA: R & E Research Associates},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds297127}
}


%% Monographs   
@misc{fds297126,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Hall, JS},
   Title = {Representation, Participation and the New Pheonix District
             Election System},
   Booktitle = {Urban Villages/Council Districts, the Future -- or
             Frustration?},
   Publisher = {Tempe, AZ: School of Public Affairs},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds297126}
}

@misc{fds297125,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Rose, HM},
   Title = {Black Homicide and the Urban Environment},
   Publisher = {Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Mental
             Health},
   Year = {1981},
   Key = {fds297125}
}

@misc{fds297124,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Wisconsin’s Approach to Assist Urban and Other Distressed
             Areas},
   Publisher = {National Academy of Public Administration},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds297124}
}


%% Chapters in Books   
@misc{fds349184,
   Author = {Brady, DW and Hanlon, AR and McClain, PD and Pitney,
             JJ},
   Title = {The ethical dilemma for professors},
   Pages = {75-108},
   Booktitle = {Trumping Ethical Norms: Teachers, Preachers, Pollsters, and
             the Media Respond to Donald Trump},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780815359371},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781351120906},
   Abstract = {In American society, colleges and universities have an
             acknowledged role in developing social and political values.
             Throughout history, institutions of higher learning have
             been hotbeds for discussing, examining, and questioning
             societal values. Whether colleges and universities as
             institutions should play that role has long been a matter of
             debate, but there can be no question that faculty members
             and students have been the primary instruments through which
             these institutions have voiced concerns about
             society.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9781351120906},
   Key = {fds349184}
}

@misc{fds297105,
   Author = {Fulkerson, MMC},
   Title = {Foreword},
   Pages = {ix-x},
   Booktitle = {Legacies of the 1964 Civil Rights Act},
   Publisher = {Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia},
   Editor = {Grofman, B},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781137475459},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781137462220.0002},
   Doi = {10.1057/9781137462220.0002},
   Key = {fds297105}
}

@misc{fds297103,
   Author = {Swaminathan, MS},
   Title = {Foreword},
   Pages = {xxii-xxiii},
   Year = {2013},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780203130599},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203130599},
   Doi = {10.4324/9780203130599},
   Key = {fds297103}
}

@misc{fds297112,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Lackey, GF and Peréz, EO and Carter, NM and Carew, JJ and Eugene Walton and J and Watts, CS and Lyle, ML and Nunnally,
             SC},
   Title = {Intergroup Relations in Three Southern Cities.},
   Booktitle = {.Just Neighbors? Research on African American and Latino
             Relations in the United States.},
   Publisher = {Russell Sage Foundation},
   Editor = {Telles, E and Rivera-Salgado, G and Sylvia Zamora,
             E},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds297112}
}

@misc{fds297111,
   Author = {McClain, P and Soto, VMD and Lyle, ML and Carter, NM and Lackey, GF and Grynaviski, JD and Cotton, KD and Nunnally, SC and Scotto, TJ and Kendrick, JA},
   Title = {“Black Elites and Latino Immigrant Relations in a Southern
             City: Do Black Elites and the Black Masses
             Agree?},
   Booktitle = {New Race Politics in America: Understanding Minority and
             Immigrant Voting,},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Junn, J and Haynie, KL},
   Year = {2008},
   Key = {fds297111}
}

@misc{fds297110,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {“North Carolina’s Response to Latino Immigrants and
             Immigration.”},
   Pages = {7-32},
   Booktitle = {Immigration’s New Frontiers: Experiences from the New
             Gateway States},
   Publisher = {Century Foundation},
   Editor = {Greg Anrig and J and Wang, TA},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds297110}
}

@misc{fds318611,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Carter, NM and Brady, MC},
   Title = {Gender and Black presidential politics: From Chisholm to
             Moseley Braun},
   Journal = {Journal of Women, Politics & Policy},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {51-68},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J501v27n01_04},
   Abstract = {Carol Moseley Braun's entrance into the 2003 Democratic
             presidential primaries brought Representative Shirley
             Chisholm's 1972 presidential run hack into the spotlight.
             Numerous questions of interest immediately come to mind. Has
             the political environment for Black females interested in
             the presidency changed? Is a Black female candidate running
             nationally today in a better position than thirty years ago?
             Did Black Americans see a Black female as a serious
             contender in 2003 where they did not in 1972? Were Blacks
             more inclined to support a Black male in the race, Al
             Sharpton, regardless of the qualifications of Moseley Braun?
             While data are limited, this article attempts to address
             these questions and to draw some conclusions, albeit
             cautiously, about the current political environment for
             Black female candidates. © 2005 by The Haworth Press, Inc.
             All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1300/J501v27n01_04},
   Key = {fds318611}
}

@misc{fds297109,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Brady, MC and Carter, NM and Soto, VMD and Perez,
             EO},
   Title = {Rebuilding Black Voting Rights Before the Voting Rights
             Act},
   Booktitle = {The Voting Rights Act: Security The Ballot},
   Publisher = {Washington: Congressional Quarterly Press},
   Editor = {Valelly, RM},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds297109}
}

@misc{fds297108,
   Author = {Rose, HM and McClain, P},
   Title = {Homicide Risk and Level of Victimization in Two Concentrated
             Povery Enclaves: A Black/Hispanic Comparison},
   Booktitle = {Violent Crime: Assessing Race and Ethnic
             Difference},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Hawkins, DF},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds297108}
}

@misc{fds297107,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Tauber, SC},
   Title = {Racial Minority Group Relations in a Multiracial
             Society},
   Booktitle = {In Governing American Cities: Immigrants and Inter-Ethnic
             Coalitions, Competition, and Conflict.},
   Publisher = {(New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001)},
   Editor = {Jones-Correa, M and ed},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds297107}
}

@misc{fds14586,
   Author = {P. McClain},
   Title = {"Foreward"},
   Booktitle = {Legacies of the 1964 Civil Rights Act},
   Publisher = {Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia},
   Editor = {Bernard Grofman},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds14586}
}

@misc{fds297104,
   Author = {McClain, P and Joseph Stewart and J},
   Title = {An Overview of Black American Politics and Participation
             Since the Civil Rights Movement},
   Series = {pp. 207-239},
   Booktitle = {New Directions: African Americans in a Diversifying
             Nation},
   Publisher = {Washington D.C.: National Policy Association},
   Editor = {Jackson, JS and Zuckerman, M},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds297104}
}

@misc{fds297106,
   Author = {McClain, P},
   Title = {Urban Crime in the United States and Western Europe: A
             Comparison},
   Booktitle = {In Handbook on Urban Studies.},
   Publisher = {(London: Sage Publications, 2000)},
   Editor = {Paddison, R and ed, UOG},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds297106}
}

@misc{fds19696,
   Author = {P.D. McClain},
   Title = {Foreward},
   Booktitle = {The Almanac of Women and Minorities in American
             Politics},
   Publisher = {Boulder, CO: Westview Press},
   Editor = {Mart Martin},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds19696}
}

@misc{fds297102,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Tauber, SC},
   Title = {Wilder’s 1992 Presidential Campaign: A Deracialized
             Strategy?},
   Booktitle = {African American Politics and Power},
   Publisher = {New York: Columbia University Press},
   Editor = {Walton, H},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds297102}
}

@misc{fds303783,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Coalition and Competition: Patterns of Black-Latino
             Relations in Urban Poltiics},
   Booktitle = {From Polemics to Practice: Forging Political Coalitions
             Among Racial and Ethnic Minorities},
   Publisher = {New York: Praeger},
   Editor = {Rich, WC},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds303783}
}

@misc{fds297092,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Place Specific and Place-Based Homicide Risk
             Analysis},
   Pages = {131-135},
   Booktitle = {Questions and Answers in Lethal and Non-Lethal Violence
             1993},
   Publisher = {Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice},
   Editor = {Block, CR and Block, RL},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297092}
}

@misc{fds297096,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Georgia Montgomery Davis Powers},
   Pages = {936-937},
   Booktitle = {Black Women in the United States: An Historical
             Encyclopedia, Volume II},
   Publisher = {Brooklyn, NY: Carlson Publishing Inc.},
   Editor = {Hine, DC and Brown, EB and Terborg-Penn, R},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297096}
}

@misc{fds297097,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Racial Minorities and Agenda Setting: Is There Access and
             Influence?},
   Booktitle = {Minority Group Influence: Agenda Setting, Formulation, and
             Public Policy},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {McClain, PD},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297097}
}

@misc{fds297098,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Urban Violence: Agendas, Politics, and Problem
             Redefinition},
   Booktitle = {Minority Group Influence: Agenda Setting, Formulation, and
             Public Policy},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {McClain, PD},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297098}
}

@misc{fds297099,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Minority Group Access and Policy Agenda Setting: An
             Introduction},
   Booktitle = {Minority Group Influence: Agenda Setting, Formulation, and
             Public Policy},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {McClain, PD},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297099}
}

@misc{fds297100,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Garcia, JA},
   Title = {Expanding Disciplinary Boundaries: Black, Latino and
             Minority Group Politics in Political Science},
   Series = {2nd edition},
   Pages = {247-279},
   Booktitle = {Political Science: The State of the Discipline},
   Publisher = {Washington, D.C.: American Political Science
             Association},
   Editor = {Finifter, AW},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds297100}
}

@misc{fds19685,
   Author = {P.D. McClain and Albert K. Karnig},
   Title = {Introduction: Minority Administrators - Another
             Frontier},
   Booktitle = {Urban Minority Administrators: Politics, Policy and
             Style},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {Albert K. Karnig and Paula D. McClain},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds19685}
}

@misc{fds297095,
   Author = {Karnig, AK and McClain, PD},
   Title = {Minority Administrators: Lessons from Practice},
   Booktitle = {Urban Minority Administrators: Politics, Policy and
             Style},
   Publisher = {Westport, CT: Greenwood Press},
   Editor = {Karnig, AK and McClain, PD},
   Year = {1988},
   Key = {fds297095}
}

@misc{fds297094,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Saturday Night Specials and Gun Regulation: A Feasible
             Policy Option},
   Booktitle = {Firearms and Violence: Issues of Public Policy},
   Publisher = {New York: Ballinger},
   Editor = {Kates, DB},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds297094}
}

@misc{fds303784,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Hall, JS},
   Title = {Representation, Participation and the New Pheonix District
             Election System},
   Booktitle = {Urban Villages/Council Districts, the Future – or
             Frustration?},
   Publisher = {Tempe, AZ: School of Public Affairs},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds303784}
}

@misc{fds297093,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Introduction to Development Implications of the New
             Immigration},
   Booktitle = {Sourcebook on the New Immigration, Book II},
   Publisher = {New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books},
   Editor = {Bryce-Laporte, RS},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds297093}
}


%% Journal Articles   
@article{fds355202,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Crises, race, acknowledgement: The centrality of race,
             ethnicity, and politics to the future of political
             science},
   Journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {7-18},
   Year = {2021},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1537592720004478},
   Abstract = {The United States, and the world, is in the grips of a
             coronavirus pandemic, and in the United States, we are
             facing a crisis of faith in the fairness of our political
             institutions, particularly the ability of Black Americans to
             live without the fear of dying at the hands of the police
             for going about their daily lives. Race has been and
             continues to be intertwined with American government and
             politics, in general, and how the United States approaches
             crises, in particular. Racial minority groups have been
             scapegoats for the failings of American policy makers to
             deal with numerous crises historically and at present. Race
             and racism are also at the foundation of the origins of
             American political science. The racism at the roots of our
             discipline's founding have created a blindness to the
             significance and importance of the field of Race, Ethnicity,
             and Politics (REP) to the study of politics, democracy, and
             how American society reacts during a crisis. Our discipline
             is also at an inflection point that requires us to
             acknowledge its racist origins, confront its continued
             influence on the present, and finally to move forward in
             recognizing the importance of REP to the health and future
             of the discipline.},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1537592720004478},
   Key = {fds355202}
}

@article{fds359269,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {“Trump and racial equality in America? No pretense at
             all!”},
   Journal = {Policy Studies},
   Volume = {42},
   Number = {5-6},
   Pages = {491-508},
   Year = {2021},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01442872.2021.1979502},
   Abstract = {This article explores the effects of the Trump
             administration’s racist words, policies, and behaviours on
             the increased racial divisions in the United States and the
             erosion of faith in American institutions. Many Americans
             have come to recognize that racial injustice is an enduring
             feature of American society. Recent events, such as the
             murder of George Floyd, have led to calls for racial
             justice. What is the definition of racial justice and how is
             it related to the concepts of structural inequality,
             systemic racism, structural racism, and institutional
             racism? The questions arises: What does racial justice look
             like in the present atmosphere in the United States? Is
             racial justice possible in a society riven by racial
             inequality? What about the wounds and scars from four years
             of Trump and his administration? Using a practical and
             policy-oriented definition of racial justice shows that
             Trump and his administration were not merely unconcerned
             about racial justice issues, but that they actually appeared
             to set out to exacerbate and inflame racial issues in the
             United States. Moreover, the damage done to the progress of
             America’s communities of colour, especially Black
             Americans, continues to manifest itself, despite Trump no
             longer being in office.},
   Doi = {10.1080/01442872.2021.1979502},
   Key = {fds359269}
}

@article{fds318607,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Ayee, GYA and Means, TN and Reyes-Barriéntez, AM and Sediqe, NA},
   Title = {Race, power, and knowledge: tracing the roots of exclusion
             in the development of political science in the United
             States},
   Journal = {Politics, Groups, and Identities},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {467-482},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2016.1170704},
   Doi = {10.1080/21565503.2016.1170704},
   Key = {fds318607}
}

@article{fds297121,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Class Politics, American-Style},
   Journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {651-654},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2011},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s1537592711002374},
   Abstract = {<jats:p>Jacob S. Hacker and Paul Pierson's
             <jats:italic>Winner-Take-All Politics: How Washington Made
             the Rich Richer—And Turned Its Back on the Middle
             Class</jats:italic> is both a work of political science and
             a contribution to broad public discussion of distributive
             politics. Its topic could not be more relevant to a US
             polity wracked by bitter partisan disagreements about taxes,
             social spending, financial regulation, social insecurity,
             and inequality. The political power of “the rich” is a
             theme of widespread public attention. The headline on the
             cover of the January–February 2011 issue of
             <jats:italic>The American Interest</jats:italic>—“Inequality
             and Democracy: Are Plutocrats Drowning Our Republic?”—is
             indicative. Francis Fukuyama's lead essay, entitled “Left
             Out,” clarifies that by “plutocracy,” the journal
             means “not just rule by the rich, but rule by and for the
             rich. We mean, in other words, a state of affairs in which
             the rich influence government in such a way as to protect
             and expand their own wealth and influence, often at the
             expense of others.” Fukuyama makes clear that he believes
             that this state of affairs obtains in the United States
             today.</jats:p><jats:p>Readers of <jats:italic>Perspectives
             on Politics</jats:italic> will know that the topic has
             garnered increasing attention from political scientists in
             general and in our journal in particular. In March 2009, we
             featured a symposium on Larry Bartels's <jats:italic>Unequal
             Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded
             Age</jats:italic>. And in December 2009, our lead article,
             by Jeffrey A. Winters and Benjamin I. Page, starkly posed
             the question “Oligarchy in the United States?” and
             answered it with an equally stark “yes.”
             <jats:italic>Winner-Take-All Politics</jats:italic> thus
             engages a broader scholarly discussion within US political
             science, at the same time that it both draws upon and echoes
             many “classic themes” of US political science from the
             work of Charles Beard and E. E. Schattschneider to Ted Lowi
             and Charles Lindblom.</jats:p><jats:p>In this symposium, we
             have brought together a group of important scholars and
             commentators who offer a range of perspectives on the book
             and on the broader themes it engages. While most of our
             discussants are specialists on “American politics,” we
             have also sought out scholars beyond this subfield. Our
             charge to the discussants is to evaluate the book's central
             claims and evidence, with a focus on three related
             questions: 1) How compelling is its analysis of the
             “how” and “why” of recent US public policy and its
             “turn” in favor of “the rich” and against “the
             middle class”? 2) How compelling is its critique of the
             subfield of “American politics” for its focus on the
             voter–politician linkage and on “politics as
             spectacle” at the expense of an analysis of “politics as
             organized combat”? 3) And do you agree with its argument
             that recent changes in US politics necessitate a different,
             more comparative, and more political economy–centered
             approach to the study of US politics?—Jeffrey C. Isaac,
             Editor</jats:p>},
   Doi = {10.1017/s1537592711002374},
   Key = {fds297121}
}

@article{fds318608,
   Author = {Martin, PP and McClain, PD and Simpson, A},
   Title = {PAUL LIONEL PURYEAR, SR.},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science & Politics},
   Volume = {43},
   Number = {04},
   Pages = {806-807},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s1049096510001502},
   Abstract = {<jats:p>The Right Reverend Dr. Paul Lionel Puryear, Sr.,
             Professor Emeritus at the University of Virginia, passed
             away on Thursday, April 22, 2010, in Charlottesville,
             Virginia, at the age of 80. Born in Belleville, New Jersey,
             as the second son of the Reverend Thomas Langston Puryear,
             Sr., and the Reverend Pauline Sims Puryear, he attended
             public schools in Newark, New Jersey. He transferred as a
             high school freshman to the renowned Palmer Memorial
             Residential School in Sedalia, North Carolina. He became an
             ordained A.M.E. minister at the age of 18.</jats:p>},
   Doi = {10.1017/s1049096510001502},
   Key = {fds318608}
}

@article{fds358035,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Johnson Carew and JD and Walton, E and Watts,
             CS},
   Title = {Group Membership, Group Identity, and Group Consciousness:
             Measures of Racial Identity in American Politics?},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Political Science},
   Volume = {12},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {August},
   Key = {fds358035}
}

@article{fds297138,
   Author = {McClain, and Paula, D and Jessica, JC and Eugene, W and Jr, and Candis,
             SW},
   Title = {“Group Membership, Group Identity and Group Consciousness:
             Evolving Racial Identity in American Politics.”},
   Journal = {Annual Review of Political Science},
   Volume = {12 (June 2009)},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {471-485},
   Publisher = {ANNUAL REVIEWS},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {June},
   ISSN = {1094-2939},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000268071300026&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {This article examines the concepts of group membership,
             group identity and racial identity, and group consciousness.
             For each of these we discuss theoretical definitions,
             research using the various definitions, and issues of
             measurement. We show that these concepts are distinct and
             build on each other, rather than being interchangeable. We
             also explore the concept of linked fate, which evolved from
             the concept of group consciousness and is central in the
             race and politics literature. Finally, we address the very
             important question of whether we are in danger of
             overextrapolation-taking concepts developed in research on
             one group and grafting them onto other groups. Copyright ©
             2009 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1146/annurev.polisci.10.072805.102452},
   Key = {fds297138}
}

@article{fds318609,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Lyle, ML and Perez, EO and Johnson Carew and JD and Walton,
             E and Watts, CS and Lackey, GF and Clealand, DP and Nunnally,
             SC},
   Title = {Black and White Americans and Latino Immigrants: A
             Preliminary Look at Attitudes in Three Southern
             Cities},
   Year = {2009},
   Abstract = {Immigration into the United States soared between the 1990
             and 2000 censuses and continued during the 2000 to 2007
             period, resulting in significant demographic shifts in some
             regions of the country. Latino immigration accounts for much
             of this increase with the South receiving the largest
             demographic shift. A number of Southern states, such as
             North Carolina, Alabama, and Georgia, reported substantial
             increases in the size of their Latino populations from 1990
             to 2000 (U. S. Census 1990, 2000). Many experienced even
             greater growth in Latino residents between 2000 and 2007.
             Research in the area of the effects of Latino immigration on
             intergroup relations in the South is very recent and not
             extensive (McClain et al. 2006, 2007; Marrow 2008, 2009;
             Winders 2008a, 2008b). This paper will provide a glimpse at
             the context in which racial intergroup relations will be
             developed in three Southern locations - Durham, NC; Memphis,
             TN; and Little Rock, AR. These locations represent different
             Southern environments: Memphis is a majority black city,
             Durham holds nearly equal numbers of blacks and whites and
             Little Rock is a majority white city.},
   Key = {fds318609}
}

@article{fds297139,
   Author = {McClain, P and Lyle, ML and Carter, NM and Soto, VMD and Lackey, GF and Cotton, KD and Nunnally, SC and Scotto, TJ and Grynaviski, JD and Kendrick, JA},
   Title = {“Black Americans and Latino Immigrants in a Southern City:
             Friendly Neighbors or Economic Competitors?”},
   Journal = {The Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on
             Race},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {97.-117.},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1742058X07070063},
   Abstract = {Dramatic demographic changes are occurring in the United
             States, and some of the most dramatic changes are occurring
             in the South from Latino immigration. Latinos, by and large,
             are an entirely new population in the region. How are Black
             southerners reacting to this new population? Using survey
             data gathered from a southern location, this article
             explores several questions related to whether Blacks see
             these new residents as friendly neighbors or economic
             competitors. Results suggest that Blacks and non-Blacks
             perceive a potential economic threat from continued Latino
             immigration, but Blacks are more concerned about the effects
             of Latino immigration than are Whites. © 2007, W.E.B. Du
             Bois Institute for African and African American Research.
             All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1742058X07070063},
   Key = {fds297139}
}

@article{fds318610,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Presidential address. "Racial intergroup relations in a set
             of cities: A twenty-year perspective"},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {757-770},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {November},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2508.2006.00468.x},
   Abstract = {In 1990, Albert Karnig and I published an article in the
             American Political Science Review, "Black and Latino
             Socioeconomic and Political Competition," which examined the
             extent of socioeconomic and political competition between
             blacks and Latinos in a set of U.S. cities using 1980s data.
             We made a number of predictions about the future of racial
             politics in cities based on our results. This article
             revisits the cities in the 1990 article to see what changes,
             if any, may have occurred over the course of 20 years. The
             results from the original 1980 cities viewed in 1990 and
             2000 presents a very mixed picture. The accuracy of our
             predictions varied over the years. © 2006 Southern
             Political Science Association.},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1468-2508.2006.00468.x},
   Key = {fds318610}
}

@article{fds297140,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {“Racial Intergroup Relations in a Set of Cities: A
             Twenty-Year Perspective.”},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {757-770},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds297140}
}

@article{fds297143,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Carter, NM and DeFrancesco Soto and VM and Lyle, ML and Grynaviski, JD and Nunnally, SC and Scotto, TJ and Kendrick, JA and Lackey, GF and Cotton, KD},
   Title = {Racial distancing in a Southern city: Latino immigrants'
             views of black Americans},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {68},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {571-584},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {August},
   ISSN = {0022-3816},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000238756500007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {The United States is undergoing dramatic demographic change,
             primarily from immigration, and many of the new Latino
             immigrants are settling in the South. This paper examines
             hypotheses related to attitudes of Latino immigrants toward
             black Americans in a Southern city. The analyses are based
             on a survey of black, white, and Latino residents (n = 500).
             The results show, for the most part, Latino immigrants hold
             negative stereotypical views of blacks and feel that they
             have more in common with whites than with blacks. Yet,
             whites do not reciprocate in their feelings toward Latino's.
             Latinos' negative attitudes toward blacks, however, are
             modulated by a sense of linked fate with other Latinos. This
             research is important because the South still contains the
             largest population of African Americans in the United
             States, and no section of the country has been more rigidly
             defined along a black-white racial divide. How these new
             Latino immigrants situate themselves vis-à-vis black
             Americans has profound implications for the social and
             political fabric of the South. © 2006 Southern Political
             Science Association.},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1468-2508.2006.00446.x},
   Key = {fds297143}
}

@article{fds297141,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Context Matters! Race, Representation and Public Opinion (a
             review essay)},
   Journal = {Dubois Review: Social Science Research on
             Race},
   Volume = {2},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {145-150},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {Spring},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1742058X05050113},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1742058X05050113},
   Key = {fds297141}
}

@article{fds297122,
   Author = {McClain, PD and DeFrancesco, V and Lyle, ML and Niambi Carter and GFL and Gryvaniski, JD and Cotton, KD and Nunnally, S and Scotto, T and Kendrick, JA},
   Title = {Black Elites and Latino Immigrant Relations in a Southern
             City: Do Black Elites and the Black Masses
             Agree?},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {February},
   Key = {fds297122}
}

@article{fds297142,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Carter, NM and Brady, MC},
   Title = {Gender and Black Presidential Politics: From Chisholm to
             Moseley Braun},
   Journal = {The Journal of Women, Politics and Policy},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {51-68},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds297142}
}

@article{fds297137,
   Author = {Meier, KJ and McClain, PD and Polinard, JL and Wrinkle,
             RD},
   Title = {Divided or together? Conflict and cooperation between
             African Americans and Latinos},
   Journal = {Political Research Quarterly},
   Volume = {57},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {399-409},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {1065-9129},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000224731900005&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Abstract = {This article examines the political relationships between
             Latinos and African Americans in 194 multiracial school
             districts. The empirical results indicate that at times the
             relationship between Latinos and African Americans is
             competitive and at times it is complimentary. When scarcity
             is a factor, such as in administrative and teaching
             positions, gains by one group often result in losses by
             another. When the focus changes to policy questions where
             scarcity is not a factor (e.g., student performance), both
             groups gain at the same time.},
   Doi = {10.1177/106591290405700305},
   Key = {fds297137}
}

@article{fds297144,
   Author = {McClain, P},
   Title = {Social Capital and Diversity: An Introduction},
   Journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {101-102},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1537592703000070},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1537592703000070},
   Key = {fds297144}
}

@article{fds327638,
   Author = {Mcclain, PD and Gibson, JL},
   Title = {IPSA Goes to Africa, 2003},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science & Politics},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {641-646},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {2002},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049096502001038},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1049096502001038},
   Key = {fds327638}
}

@article{fds297170,
   Author = {Rose, HM and McClain, PD},
   Title = {Race, Place and Risk Revisited: A Perspective on the
             Emergence of a New Structural Paradigm},
   Journal = {Homicide Studies: an Interdisciplinary and International
             Journal},
   Volume = {2},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {101-129},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1088767998002002002},
   Abstract = {In 1990, our study of Black homicide in six cities over 25
             years, Race, Place and Risk: Black Homicide in Urban
             America, was published. In the epilogue, the authors
             identified the emergence of a new phase of violent behavior
             occurring in low-income Black communities but were not able
             to identify its etiology. This article extends into the
             early to mid-1990s our earlier work on Black homicide in
             urban America. The authors focus on the 8-year interval,
             1985 to 1993, after the publication of Race, Place and Risk.
             The factor that distinguishes homicides of the current
             period from those of our earlier period is that the age of
             both victimization and offending has moved downward. In an
             effort to identify the reasons for this downward shift, the
             authors examine victimization in 4 previous high-risk urban
             places (Atlanta, GA; Detroit, MI; St. Louis, MO; and Los
             Angeles, CA), and 4 newly emerged, high-risk centers
             (Washington, DC; New Orleans, LA; Milwaukee, WI; and
             Charlotte, NC). The authors suggest that the development of
             an oppositional culture among young Black males is an
             important element in accounting for the most recent upsurge
             in lethal victimizations in the nation's larger urban
             centers. © Sage Publications.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1088767998002002002},
   Key = {fds297170}
}

@article{fds297169,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Tauber, SC},
   Title = {Black and Latino Socioeconomic and Political Competition:
             Has a Decade Made a Difference?},
   Journal = {American Politics Quarterly},
   Volume = {26},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {101-116},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {April},
   Abstract = {Using 1980s data, McClain and Karnig (1990) examined the
             extent of socioeconomic and political competition between
             Blacks and Latinos in 49 cities that had a population over
             25,000 with at least 10% Blacks and 10% Latino. That
             research found a positive correlation between Blacks and
             Latinos on socioeconomic indicators, but it discovered the
             emergence of political competition between the 2 groups.
             Using 1990s data, this article examines political and
             socioeconomic competition in the 45 cities from the earlier
             data set that still met McClain and Kamig's criteria. The
             authors have found that although there is still a positive
             covariation on socioeconomic indicators, the intensity of
             this relationship has diminished. On the political
             dimension, Black and Latino competition now may be displaced
             by increasing competition between Whites and Latinos. We
             conclude tentatively that a decade has made a difference in
             terms of socioeconomic and political competition between
             Blacks and Latinos.},
   Key = {fds297169}
}

@article{fds330360,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Tauber, SC},
   Title = {Black and latino socioeconomic and political competition:
             Has a decade made a difference?},
   Journal = {American Politics Research},
   Volume = {26},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {237-252},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1998},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1532673X9802600206},
   Abstract = {Using 1980s data, McClain and Karnig (1990) examined the
             extent of socioeconomic and political competition between
             Blacks and Latinos in 49 cities that had a population over
             25,000 with at least 10% Blacks and 10% Latino. That
             research found a positive correlation between Blacks and
             Latinos on socioeconomic indicators, but it discovered the
             emergence of political competition between the 2 groups.
             Using 1990s data, this article examines political and
             socioeconomic competition in the 45 cities from the earlier
             data set that still met McClain and Kamig's criteria. The
             authors have found that although there is still a positive
             covariation on socioeconomic indicators, the intensity of
             this relationship has diminished. On the political
             dimension, Black and Latino competition now may be displaced
             by increasing competition between Whites and Latinos. We
             conclude tentatively that a decade has made a difference in
             terms of socioeconomic and political competition between
             Blacks and Latinos.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1532673X9802600206},
   Key = {fds330360}
}

@article{fds297120,
   Author = {Sugrue, TJ},
   Title = {The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in
             Postwar Detroit},
   Journal = {Virginia Quarterly Review},
   Year = {1997},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds297120}
}

@article{fds297146,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Reading more About the Civil Rights Movement:
             Recommendations from Colleagues Across Disciplines},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science and Politics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {472-473},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1997},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049096500046679},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1049096500046679},
   Key = {fds297146}
}

@article{fds297168,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Black Politics in the Crossroads? Or, in the
             Cross-Hairs},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {90},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {867-873},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2945850},
   Doi = {10.2307/2945850},
   Key = {fds297168}
}

@article{fds297119,
   Author = {Perry, HL and Parent, W},
   Title = {Blacks and the American Political System},
   Journal = {American Review of Politics},
   Pages = {76-79},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {Spring},
   Key = {fds297119}
}

@article{fds297167,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Thirty Years of Urban Policies: Frankly, my Dears, We Don't
             Give a Damn!},
   Journal = {Urban Affairs Review},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {641-644},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107808749503000504},
   Doi = {10.1177/107808749503000504},
   Key = {fds297167}
}

@article{fds297166,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Stewart, J and Jr},
   Title = {W(h)ither the Voting Rights Act after Shaw v. Reno:
             Advancing to the Past?},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science and Politics},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {24-26},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/420576},
   Doi = {10.2307/420576},
   Key = {fds297166}
}

@article{fds335627,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {The Voting Rights Act After Shaw v. Reno},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science & Politics},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {24-26},
   Publisher = {JSTOR},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/420576},
   Doi = {10.2307/420576},
   Key = {fds335627}
}

@article{fds297118,
   Author = {Swain, CM},
   Title = {Black Faces, Black Interests},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {56},
   Pages = {1145-1148},
   Year = {1994},
   Month = {November},
   Key = {fds297118}
}

@article{fds297117,
   Author = {Grofman, B and Davidson, C},
   Title = {Controversies in Minority Voting: The Voting Rights Act in
             Perspective},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Volume = {22},
   Pages = {391-392},
   Year = {1993},
   Month = {May},
   Key = {fds297117}
}

@article{fds297165,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {The Changing Dynamics of Urban Politics: Black and Hispanic
             Municipal Employment--Is There Competition?},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {55},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {399-414},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {1993},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2132272},
   Abstract = {The question of competition for political and socioeconomic
             resources between blacks and Hispanics in urban politics is
             one receiving increased attention. How does the significant
             presence of one minority group affect the other minority
             group? This research explores the issue of municipal
             employment competition between blacks and Hispanics in U.S.
             urban centers. Based on EEO-4 data from 41 U.S. cities of
             more than 25,000 population with at least 10% black and 10%
             Hispanic in 1980, findings indicate that black and Hispanic
             municipal employment outcomes covary negatively with white
             municipal employment but not with each other. Still,
             evidence also indicates that competition in municipal
             employment does appear as the size of the black work force
             increases. Additionally, in cities with black majorities or
             pluralities, Hispanics seem to fare less well in municipal
             employment outcomes, while in cities in which Hispanics are
             a majority or plurality, the consequences for blacks are
             more diffuse. © 1993, Southern Political Science
             Association. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.2307/2132272},
   Key = {fds297165}
}

@article{fds297145,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Perry, HW},
   Title = {Lucius J. Barker: An Accomplished Career Despite No Crystal
             Stair},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science and Politics},
   Volume = {25},
   Pages = {752-756},
   Year = {1992},
   Month = {December},
   Key = {fds297145}
}

@article{fds297164,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Reconceptualizing Urban Violence: A Policy Analytic
             Approach},
   Journal = {National Political Science Review},
   Volume = {3},
   Pages = {9-24},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {fds297164}
}

@article{fds297162,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Agenda Setting, Public Policy, and Minority Group Influence:
             An Introduction},
   Journal = {Policy Studies Review},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {263-272},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {Winter},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01124.x},
   Abstract = {The question of where policy issues originate and gain
             attention is an important one, particularly when issues of
             concern of minority communities are at stake. Yet the
             literature on the impact of minority groups in the agenda
             setting process is virtually nonexistent. This introductory
             article sets the context for the symposium on “Agenda
             Setting, Public Policy, and Minority Group Influence” by
             raising several theoretical and contextual questions about
             the utility of the extant agenda setting literature as a
             paradigm for understanding minority group influence on the
             agenda setting process. Copyright © 1989, Wiley Blackwell.
             All rights reserved},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01124.x},
   Key = {fds297162}
}

@article{fds297163,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Karnig, AK},
   Title = {Black and Hispanic Socioeconomic and Political
             Competition},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {535-545},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1963534},
   Abstract = {Many U.S. cities are becoming significantly multiminority.
             How does the significant presence of one minority group
             affect the other minority group? This research explores the
             question of socioeconomic and political competition between
             blacks and Hispanics in U.S. urban centers. Based on data
             from the 49 U.S. cities of over 25,000 population with at
             least 10 percent black and 10 percent Hispanic in 1980,
             findings indicate that while there is little evidence of
             general black and Hispanic socioeconomic and political
             competition, Hispanics appear to prosper less well
             socioeconomically and politically in cities with black
             majorities or pluralities. © 1990, American Political
             Science Association. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.2307/1963534},
   Key = {fds297163}
}

@article{fds331126,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {LERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {819-819},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1990.tb01081.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1990.tb01081.x},
   Key = {fds331126}
}

@article{fds331127,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {LITERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {603-603},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1990.tb01065.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1990.tb01065.x},
   Key = {fds331127}
}

@article{fds297116,
   Author = {Hanes Walton and J},
   Title = {When the Marching Stopped: The Politics of Civil Rights
             Regulatory Agencies},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {83},
   Pages = {1039-1040},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {September},
   Key = {fds297116}
}

@article{fds297161,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Urban Black Neighborhood Environment and Homicide: A
             Research Note on a Decade of Change in Four Cities --
             1970-1980},
   Journal = {Urban Affairs Quarterly},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {584-596},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208168902400406},
   Abstract = {The influence of urban black neighborhood characteristics on
             the level of homicide victimization in four American cities
             is examined for 1970 and 1980. Changes in the impact of the
             environment on homicide risk that may have occurred during
             the decade are identified. Demographic and socioeconomic
             information was gathered on all census tracts with
             majority-black populations. Homicide data for both years
             were collected from the cities' public health departments.
             Analysis indicates that the relationship between
             environmental factors and homicide risk for black
             neighborhoods in the four cities does not exhibit a
             consistent pattern. © 1989, Sage Publications. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1177/004208168902400406},
   Key = {fds297161}
}

@article{fds331128,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {LITERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {389-389},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01132.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01132.x},
   Key = {fds331128}
}

@article{fds331129,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {LITERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {169-184},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01032.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01032.x},
   Key = {fds331129}
}

@article{fds331130,
   Author = {McClain, PDM},
   Title = {LITERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {929-929},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Editor = {McClain, PD},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01013.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb01013.x},
   Key = {fds331130}
}

@article{fds331131,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {BOOK REVIEW FORUM ON THE DEATH PENALTY: MORALITY, LAW, AND
             PUBLIC POLICY},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {717-723},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb00991.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1989.tb00991.x},
   Key = {fds331131}
}

@article{fds297160,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Arizona 'High Noon: The Recall and Impeachment of Evan
             Mecham},
   Journal = {Ps: Political Science and Politics},
   Volume = {21},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {628-638},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {Summer},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/419741},
   Doi = {10.2307/419741},
   Key = {fds297160}
}

@article{fds331134,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {BOOK REVIEW FORUM},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {851-851},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00901.x},
   Abstract = {William Julius Wilson, 1987. The Truly Disadvantaged: The
             Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy Copyright ©
             1988, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00901.x},
   Key = {fds331134}
}

@article{fds331132,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {LITERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {469-469},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb01116.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb01116.x},
   Key = {fds331132}
}

@article{fds331133,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {LITERATURE REVIEW},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {179-198},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00928.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00928.x},
   Key = {fds331133}
}

@article{fds331135,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {A. COMMENTS},
   Journal = {Review of Policy Research},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {683-683},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00863.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00863.x},
   Key = {fds331135}
}

@article{fds297155,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Contemporary Women: Policy, Participation and
             Poverty},
   Journal = {Policy Studies Review},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {247-250},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1987},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1987.tb00041.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1987.tb00041.x},
   Key = {fds297155}
}

@article{fds297159,
   Author = {McClain, PD and Pijawka, DK},
   Title = {Agenda Setting and Non-Decisionmaking: Decommissioning
             Nuclear Generating Stations},
   Journal = {Policy Studies Review},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {742-756},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-1338.1986.tb00525.x},
   Abstract = {The final point in the nuclear fuel cycle has always been
             the eventual retirement, decommissioning, of the 81
             commercial nuclear power reactors presently in existence.
             This eventual retirement has been thought to be an issue of
             the future, because the large plants, built in the 1960s and
             1970s. were assumed to have an expected operating life of 30
             to 40 years. However, the reality is that several commercial
             reactors already have been decommissioned, and numerous
             others will soon reach maturity. This article examines
             decommissioning of nuclear power plants from a public
             policy–rather than a technical–perspective. A number of
             questions are addressed concerning the policy implications
             associated with decommissioning. The findings of the study
             are based on survey data from the utilities, an examination
             of NRC documents, interviews with NRC staff scientists, and
             site visits to several decommissioned plants. Copyright ©
             1986, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1541-1338.1986.tb00525.x},
   Key = {fds297159}
}

@article{fds297115,
   Author = {Lester, D},
   Title = {Gun Control: Issues and Answers},
   Journal = {Journal of Criminal Justice},
   Volume = {14},
   Pages = {571-572},
   Year = {1986},
   Key = {fds297115}
}

@article{fds297158,
   Author = {Karnig, AK and McClain, PD},
   Title = {The New South and Black Economic and Political Development:
             Changes from 1970-1980},
   Journal = {Western Political Quarterly},
   Volume = {38},
   Pages = {539-550},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {December},
   Key = {fds297158}
}

@article{fds297157,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Urban Neighborhoods, Black Residents and Homicide
             Risk},
   Journal = {Urban Geography},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {210-222},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {1984},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.5.3.210},
   Abstract = {Since the mid-1960s, homicide as a cause of death has been
             growing in importance in American society. Most analyses of
             homicide patterns focus primarily on the interaction between
             the victim and offender. One aspect often overlooked is the
             role of the environment as a contributor to homicide risk.
             This research examines the influence of urban black
             neighborhood characteristics on the level of homicide
             victimization. Demographic and social economic information
             was gathered on all census tracts with majority black
             populations (N = 480) in six American cities. In addition,
             homicide data for 1970 were collected from the cities’
             public health departments. Analysis indicates that, for the
             most part, there appears to be a relationship between
             environmental factors and homicide risk for black residents
             of the six cities; however, the relationship seems to be
             extremely weak. © 1984 V.H. Winston & Sons, Inc. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.2747/0272-3638.5.3.210},
   Key = {fds297157}
}

@article{fds297154,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Firearms Ownership, Gun Control Attitudes and Neighborhood
             Environment},
   Journal = {Law and Policy Quarterly},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {299-323},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9930.1983.tb00301.x},
   Abstract = {Consensus has not been reached on whether a relationsip
             exists among violent crime, fear of crime, and firearms
             ownership. The questions addressed here are how, if at all,
             the neighborhood environments of urban blacks and whites
             affect their patterns and levels of gun ownership, what
             their attitudes are toward gun regulation, and whether there
             is a relationship between gun regulation attitudes and
             firearms ownership. Data collected through a mail
             questionnaire from white and black residents of high and low
             homicide risk neighborhoods in Detroit were used to test the
             questions. Results indicate, for the most part, that blacks
             and whites hold different attitudes toward gun regulation,
             that gun regulation attitudes affect gun ownership patterns,
             and that only in one instance did neighborhood environment
             explain gun ownership relatively well. Copyright © 1983,
             Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1467-9930.1983.tb00301.x},
   Key = {fds297154}
}

@article{fds297156,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Possible Outcomes of a 1984 Black Presidential
             Candidacy},
   Journal = {Ps},
   Volume = {16},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {497-499},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {Summer},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049096500015614},
   Doi = {10.1017/S1049096500015614},
   Key = {fds297156}
}

@article{fds297153,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Determinants of Black and White Attitudes Toward Gun
             Regulation: A Research Note},
   Journal = {Journal of Criminal Justice},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {77-81},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {1983},
   Month = {February},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0047-2352(83)90100-9},
   Abstract = {Should one expect different determinants of gun regulation
             attitudes for blacks and whites? This question is addressed
             using survey information on 1,361 whites and 129 black from
             the 1976 National Opinion Research Center General Social
             Survey. Results indicate that the pattern of relationships
             on the issue of gun regulation differ very little by race.
             This does not, however, preclude the possibility of racially
             different reasons for the same association or a racially
             differentiated association. © 1983.},
   Doi = {10.1016/0047-2352(83)90100-9},
   Key = {fds297153}
}

@article{fds297150,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Black female homicide offenders and victims: Are they from
             the same population?},
   Journal = {Death Education},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {265-278},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {1982},
   Month = {Fall},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07481188208252134},
   Abstract = {The growing interest in and changing status of women in
             numerous areas has resulted in increased research in the
             area of female criminality. Little attention, however, has
             been focused on the involvement of females, particularly
             black females, as perpetrators or victims of acts of lethal
             violence. Several research questions regarding the social
             and environmental characteristics of black female homicide
             victims and offenders are explored. Secondary data on 661
             black female homicide victims and 119 black female homicide
             offenders and survey data on 10 victims and 9 offenders were
             assembled through the project, Black Homicide and Large
             Urban Environments, funded by the National Institute of
             Mental Health. Analysis indicates that black female homicide
             victims and offenders exhibit low socioeconomic status and
             essentially similar behavior patterns. © 1982 by Hemisphere
             Publishing Corporation.},
   Doi = {10.1080/07481188208252134},
   Key = {fds297150}
}

@article{fds297149,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Black Females and Lethal Violence: Has Time Changed the
             Circumstances Under Which They Kill?},
   Journal = {Omega: Journal of Death and Dying},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {13-25},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1982},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/28p5-n05b-y57f-kn47},
   Abstract = {Increases in lethal violence, the disproportionate
             representation of blacks as victims and offenders, and the
             more active participation and redefined roles of women in
             various aspects of life, makes the study of black female
             behavior in lethal acts of violence essential and important.
             The question of whether social changes in American society,
             specifically the women's rights movement, have impacted the
             circumstances or situations under which black females murder
             is examined. Secondary data on 119 black female homicide
             offenders and survey data on nine additional offenders were
             gathered through the project, 'Black Homicide and the Urban
             Environment.' Analysis indicates that the circumstances
             surrounding the homicide incidents are still congruent with
             Wolfgang's findings, however, many changes appear to be
             occurring. It appears that if these changes continue for
             another decade Wolfgang's theory may no longer serve as an
             appropriate explanation for black female behavior in acts of
             lethal violence.},
   Doi = {10.2190/28p5-n05b-y57f-kn47},
   Key = {fds297149}
}

@article{fds297151,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Environment of Risk and Racial Attitudes Toward Gun
             Regulation: A Test of the Social Reality
             Thesis},
   Journal = {Journal of Enviornmental Systems},
   Volume = {12},
   Pages = {229-248},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds297151}
}

@article{fds297152,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Cause of Death - Homicide: A Research Note on Black Females
             as Homicide Victims},
   Journal = {Victimology},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {204-212},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds297152}
}

@article{fds297148,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Social and Environmental Characteristics of Black Female
             Homicide Offenders},
   Journal = {The Western Journal of Black Studies},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {224-230},
   Year = {1981},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds297148}
}

@article{fds297147,
   Author = {McClain, PD},
   Title = {Political Alienation: Some Social/Psychological Aspects of
             the Political Culture of Afro-Canadians},
   Journal = {Ethnicity},
   Volume = {6},
   Pages = {358-372},
   Year = {1979},
   Month = {December},
   Key = {fds297147}
}


%% Papers Accepted   
@article{fds45242,
   Author = {P.D. McClain and Niambi Carter and Victoria DeFrancesco and Monique
             Lyle, Shayla C. Nunnally and Thomas J. Scotto and J. Alan
             Kendrick and Jeffrey D. Grynaviski and Gerald F. Lackey and Kendra Davenport Cotton},
   Title = {Racial Distancing in a Southern City: Latino Immigrants'
             Views of Black Americans},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {August},
   Abstract = {The United States is undergoing dramatic demographic change,
             primarily from immigration, and many of the new Latino
             immigrants are settling in the South. This paper examines
             hypotheses related to attitudes of Latino immigrants toward
             black Americans in a Southern city. The analyses are based
             on a survey of black, white and Latino residents (n=500).
             The results show, for the most part, Latino immigrants hold
             negative stereotypical views of blacks. Moreover, these
             stereotypes do not appear to be reduced the longer Latino
             immigrants remain in the country. In addition, Latino
             immigrants feel that they have more in common with whites
             than with blacks.},
   Key = {fds45242}
}


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