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Publications of Herbert P. Kitschelt    :chronological  alphabetical  by type listing:

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@article{fds364053,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Rehm, P},
   Title = {Polarity Reversal: The Socioeconomic Reconfiguration of
             Partisan Support in Knowledge Societies},
   Journal = {Politics & Society},
   Year = {2022},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00323292221100220},
   Abstract = {This article proposes a framework to analyze realignment
             processes in countries that transition from industrial to
             knowledge societies. It characterizes the electorate in
             terms of two traits that are main predictors for attitudes
             in a two-dimensional policy space of economic and
             noneconomic issues: income (low vs. high) and education (low
             vs. high). The framework divides the electorate into four
             groups—based on the interaction of these two dichotomized
             traits—and predicts how and when the voting propensities
             of these four groups change over time. Using a wide variety
             of data sources, the article tests hypotheses regarding
             changing voting behavior of education-income groups, as well
             as cross-national differences across twenty-one rich
             democracies.},
   Doi = {10.1177/00323292221100220},
   Key = {fds364053}
}

@article{fds347188,
   Author = {Yıldırım, K and Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Analytical perspectives on varieties of clientelism},
   Journal = {Democratization},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {20-43},
   Year = {2020},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2019.1641798},
   Abstract = {This article explains the varieties of clientelistic vote
             exchange in contemporary electoral democracies. It
             distinguishes two commonly recognized modes of exchange
             according to their capacity to overcome the problem of
             opportunism–relational clientelism and spot-market “vote
             buying” clientelism–and relates them to attributes along
             which clientelistic varieties have been distinguished. It
             develops a metric of clientelistic profile differences that
             characterize parties’ choices of clientelistic strategies
             and advances hypotheses about the conditions under which
             parties pursue different strategies. Drawing on an 88
             country/506 party expert survey of clientelistic practices,
             more relational politics thrives in middle-income countries
             with simultaneously more programmatic competition. But there
             is also intra-country variance according to party
             capabilities: Parties with more formal organizational reach,
             slight less reliance on external local notables, and
             government incumbency deploy more relational clientelism,
             net of parties’ electoral size or ethnocultural base. Even
             once all of these differences are accounted for, parties in
             Sub-Saharan Africa rely more on spot-market clientelism than
             those of any other global region. Unmeasured
             variables–such as state capacity and party
             institutionalization, as well as the persistence of
             traditional tribe-based modes of social coordination that
             endow polities with order and stability may account for the
             more ephemeral character of clientelism in this
             region.},
   Doi = {10.1080/13510347.2019.1641798},
   Key = {fds347188}
}

@article{fds345681,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Rehm, P},
   Title = {Secular partisan realignment in the united states: The
             socioeconomic reconfiguration of white partisan support
             since the new deal era},
   Journal = {Politics & Society},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {425-479},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0032329219861215},
   Abstract = {White American voters have realigned among the two dominant
             parties by income and education levels. This article argues
             that the interaction of education and income provides a more
             insightful—and stark—display of this change than
             treating them individually. Each group of voters is
             associated with distinctive “first dimension” views of
             economic redistribution and “second dimension”
             preferences concerning salient sociopolitical issues of
             civic and cultural liberties, race, and immigration. Macro-
             level hypotheses are developed about the changing voting
             behavior of education- income voting groups along with
             micro-level hypotheses about the propensity of vote
             switching. The hypotheses are tested with data from the
             American National Election Studies 1952-2016. A profound
             realignment is revealed between (groups of) white voters and
             the two main US parties that is consistent with the
             theoretical expectations developed in the
             article.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0032329219861215},
   Key = {fds345681}
}

@misc{fds337061,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Party systems and radical right-wing parties},
   Pages = {166-199},
   Booktitle = {The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {February},
   ISBN = {9780190274559},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190274559.013.9},
   Abstract = {<p>This chapter presents an introduction to different
             theories of party competition, as exemplified by the
             substantive puzzle of radical right-wing partisan rise. The
             first task, however, is to conceptualize radical right party
             fortunes within the context of competitive party systems.
             The next three sections discuss the initial rise of radical
             right parties through three lenses: spatial theories of
             party competition, institutional and historical mediators of
             current competitive opportunities for radical right entry,
             and non-spatial theories of party competition based on
             valence and issue ownership. This is followed by a report on
             research about the ongoing strategic interaction between
             radical right parties and their competitors after the
             former’s initial rise to electoral prowess. The chapter
             concludes with several general synthesizing hypotheses about
             the life cycle of political parties, with the radical
             right’s rise and possible future demise being a particular
             application.</p>},
   Doi = {10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190274559.013.9},
   Key = {fds337061}
}

@misc{fds337339,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Rehm, P},
   Title = {Determinants of dimension dominance},
   Pages = {61-88},
   Booktitle = {Welfare Democracies and Party Politics: Explaining Electoral
             Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780198807971},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198807971.003.0003},
   Abstract = {In some countries, electoral competition predominantly
             revolves around redistributional questions
             (“first-dimension politics”), while in other countries,
             issues related to cultural matters (guns, gays, and god) or
             immigration play a more dominant role (“second-dimension
             politics”). This chapter studies the question of dimension
             dominance, or more precisely, under which circumstances the
             first dimension of political competition dominates the
             second dimension. The chapter presents cross-national
             estimates of the importance of redistributive vs.
             non-redistributive concerns in party competition and seeks
             to explain cross-national differences. It is argued that the
             dominance of first-dimension politics is a function of
             (relative) party polarization; the progressivity of welfare
             states; the historical strength of secular liberal parties;
             and clientelism, among other factors.},
   Doi = {10.1093/oso/9780198807971.003.0003},
   Key = {fds337339}
}

@misc{fds367224,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Singer, M},
   Title = {Linkage Strategies of Authoritarian Successor
             Parties},
   Pages = {53-83},
   Booktitle = {Life after Dictatorship: Authoritarian Successor Parties
             Worldwide},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781108426671},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/9781108560566.003},
   Doi = {10.1017/9781108560566.003},
   Key = {fds367224}
}

@misc{fds328842,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and McGann, AJ},
   Title = {The contemporary radical right: An interpretative and
             explanatory framework},
   Pages = {352-385},
   Booktitle = {The Populist Radical Right: A Reader},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781138673861},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315514574},
   Doi = {10.4324/9781315514574},
   Key = {fds328842}
}

@article{fds318542,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Analyzing the dynamics of post- communist party systems:
             Some “final thoughts” on the EEPS special
             section},
   Journal = {East European Politics & Societies},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {81-91},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {February},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0888325414567327},
   Doi = {10.1177/0888325414567327},
   Key = {fds318542}
}

@misc{fds318546,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Rehm, P},
   Title = {Party alignments: Change and continuity},
   Pages = {179-201},
   Booktitle = {The Politics of Advanced Capitalism},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781107099869},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316163245.008},
   Abstract = {Changes in the occupational structure and political economy
             of advanced capitalism, explained in Daniel Oesch’s
             chapter in this volume, and related shifts in the formation
             of political mass preferences, examined by Silja Häusermann
             and Hanspeter Kriesi in the subsequent chapter, are
             consequential for political partisan alignments, the subject
             of this chapter. As previously small occupational groups
             with distinct political preference profiles gained numerical
             weight in the electorate, particularly highly educated
             sociocultural professionals, established party families saw
             their vote shares decline, unless they modified their
             programmatic appeals. Established parties with new
             strategies or new party creations went on to capture novel
             voter coalitions, a process that has played out in
             cross-nationally diverse ways. Shifts in electoral partisan
             coalitions coincided with (1) a steep decline in party
             membership; (2) a moderate to sharp increase in electoral
             volatility signaling the availability of more voters to
             competing party appeals; (3) a decline in voter turnout, as
             people no longer acted simply on parental party
             identifications or associational ties; and (4) a
             corresponding rise of nonpartisan social movements and
             interest groups. At least three rival theoretical arguments
             have claimed to make sense of party system change in
             postindustrial democracies, all consistent with these basic
             facts: the postindustrial realignment; the postindustrial
             dealignment; and the cartel party detachment perspectives.
             Examining empirical trends over time and cross-national
             variance among party systems, we conclude that a political
             realignment perspective explains observable patterns best.
             Three Perspectives on Postindustrial Political Alignments
             The disagreements on political alignments concern facts
             about the nature of citizen-politician linkages and causal
             mechanisms that produce them in postindustrial democracies.
             There are three prominent perspectives on this topic:
             Postindustrial Realignment (PiR): Voters continue to
             coalesce around parties on the basis of durable
             socioeconomic interests and policy preferences, but since
             political-economic postindustrialization, highlighted by
             changing occupational profiles, has changed the distribution
             of preferences, established parties have been compelled to
             alter their appeals or tolerate the electoral success of new
             parties that represent voter preferences ignored by
             established alternatives.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9781316163245.008},
   Key = {fds318546}
}

@misc{fds318545,
   Author = {Beramendi, P and Häusermann, S and Kitschelt, H and Kriesi,
             H},
   Title = {Conclusion: Advanced capitalism in crisis},
   Pages = {381-404},
   Booktitle = {The Politics of Advanced Capitalism},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781107099869},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316163245.016},
   Abstract = {We began this project spurred by our skepticism of
             diagnostics proclaiming the convergence in terms of outcomes
             and policy among advanced industrial societies, a view only
             invigorated by the financial crisis that began in the fall
             of 2007. In this interpretation, the crisis operates as the
             catalyst of a long-expected return of capitalism to its
             pre-1945 normalcy, marred by extremely slow improvements of
             people’s quality of life and by a structural determinism
             asserting the power of capital and sweeping away the
             importance of institutional differences (cf. Schäfer and
             Streeck 2013; Streeck 2014). In this process, the key
             mechanisms at work are global trade openness, labor
             migration to rich countries, and especially the free and
             speculative movement of capital. Jointly, they unravel
             preexisting industrial relations systems and exert downward
             pressures on wages and standards of living. The decline in
             aggregate demand, in turn, contributes to slowing economic
             growth, rising long-term unemployment, and a dualization of
             labor markets with a rapidly eroding core of protected
             insiders. This process coincides with an increasing
             concentration of wealth and incomes at the individual and
             household levels, reinforced by a switch to less progressive
             forms of taxation (Piketty 2014). Faced with this specter,
             electoral elites engage in a defensive insulation
             (“cartelization”), trying to shelter themselves from
             populist challengers who call upon the incumbents to listen
             to the citizens’ grievances. The breakdown of political
             representation, in turn, fuels popular dissatisfaction and
             cynicism with democracy and partisan competition, an erosion
             of public trust and civic-mindedness, as well as a decline
             of political participation in all of its expressions. Our
             volume has challenged the claim that there is increasing
             uniformity and convergence in the processes, outputs, and
             outcomes of politics in postindustrial capitalist
             democracies. There is a continuous stream of challenges
             originating from the realms of demographics, technology (and
             related patterns of consumption), and the global system of
             production and finance.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9781316163245.016},
   Key = {fds318545}
}

@misc{fds318544,
   Author = {Beramendi, P and Häusermann, S and Kitschelt, H and Kriesi,
             H},
   Title = {Introduction: The politics of advanced capitalism},
   Pages = {1-66},
   Booktitle = {The Politics of Advanced Capitalism},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2015},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781107099869},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316163245.002},
   Abstract = {In the concluding chapter of the 1999 volume Continuity and
             Change in Contemporary Capitalism, the then-editors affirmed
             that the most challenging part of the characterization of
             contemporary capitalism is to determine “how the
             cross-sectional patterns of variation, locked in through
             intricate pathways of industrialization and democratization,
             are shaped by growing global interdependence and domestic
             political and socioeconomic change” (Kitschelt et al.
             1999: 427). Today, almost two decades later, the task at
             hand seems even more daunting, as advanced capitalism is
             caught up in an accelerating flux, induced by both external
             constraints as well as the internal dynamics of its
             political forces and institutional reforms. In a process
             accelerated by the Great Recession, virtually every
             essential aspect of advanced political economies is
             undergoing fundamental, and potentially far-reaching,
             transformations. From the demographic tenets of society,
             through partisan loyalties or the organization of labor
             markets and economic institutions, to education, tax, and
             social protection systems, everything seems to be in a
             process of fundamental change and in need of either
             adaptation or radical reform. The cross-national variation
             in institutional arrangements seems to have shifted from
             frozen landscapes to a complex, hybrid, and morphing
             configuration of elements taken from different places and
             “models.” What were previously understood as stable and
             rather self-contained “models” of economic growth,
             distribution, and risk management are now giving way to
             unprecedented combinations across such models with
             unanticipated consequences for economic performance as much
             as individual citizens' life chances. A full understanding
             of these processes requires revisiting existing accounts of
             the cross-national variation among advanced political
             economies. While the current reconfiguration may no longer
             conform to any of the models highlighted in the previous
             literature on the post-World War II past of today's most
             affluent democracies, and while current developments may
             even make us reconsider how these models need to be
             characterized in the first place, the stream of new evidence
             does not, however, warrant the conclusion that current
             transformations are either random or a signal of convergence
             on a single institutional equilibrium.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9781316163245.002},
   Key = {fds318544}
}

@book{fds318543,
   Author = {Beramendi, P},
   Title = {The Politics of Advanced Capitalism},
   Pages = {1-453},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Hausermann, S and Kitschelt, H and Kriesi, H},
   Year = {2015},
   ISBN = {9781107099869},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316163245},
   Abstract = {This book serves as a sequel to two distinguished volumes on
             capitalism: Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism
             (Cambridge University Press, 1999) and Order and Conflict in
             Contemporary Capitalism (1985). Both volumes took stock of
             major economic challenges advanced industrial democracies
             faced, as well as the ways political and economic elites
             dealt with them. However, during the last decades, the
             structural environment of advanced capitalist democracies
             has undergone profound changes: sweeping
             deindustrialization, tertiarization of the employment
             structure, and demographic developments. This book provides
             a synthetic view, allowing the reader to grasp the nature of
             these structural transformations and their consequences in
             terms of the politics of change, policy outputs, and
             outcomes. In contrast to functionalist and structuralist
             approaches, the book advocates and contributes to a
             ‘return of electoral and coalitional politics’ to
             political economy research.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9781316163245},
   Key = {fds318543}
}

@misc{fds291040,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Altamirano, M},
   Title = {Clientelism in Latin America. Effort and
             Effectiveness},
   Booktitle = {The Latin American Voter},
   Publisher = {University of Michigan Press},
   Editor = {Carlin, RC and Singer, M and Zechmeister, E},
   Year = {2015},
   Abstract = {The paper explains where and why Latin American voters build
             clientelistic linkages to parties, and why sometimes, but
             not always, parties make efforts to provide clientelistic
             targeted goods to voters that remain unreciprocated by
             voters’ partisan choices. The paper involves an original
             dataset and extensive statistical analysis.},
   Key = {fds291040}
}

@article{fds291087,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Rehm, P},
   Title = {Occupations as a Site of Political Preference
             Formation},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {12},
   Pages = {1670-1706},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Address = {Beverly Hills},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {0010-4140},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414013516066},
   Abstract = {Political preferences are multi-dimensional, covering topics
             like redistribution, immigration, and abortion. But what
             accounts for people’s political preferences? We argue that
             an individual’s work experiences on the job play an
             important part in shaping attitudes. In a process of
             generalization and transposition, people apply the kinds of
             reasoning, heuristics, and problem-solving techniques they
             learn and use at work in all realms of life. In this
             article, we briefly discuss the dimensionality of the
             political preference space and then explicate our account
             that links work experiences with attitudes. We use European
             Social Survey data to establish correlations between work
             experiences and attitudes and find evidence that is
             consistent with our account.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0010414013516066},
   Key = {fds291087}
}

@misc{fds220848,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt},
   Title = {Parties and Party Systems},
   Booktitle = {Comparing Democracies 4: Elections and Voting in a Changing
             World},
   Publisher = {Sage Publications},
   Address = {Beverly Hills},
   Editor = {Larry LeDuc and Richard G. Niemi and Pippa Norris},
   Year = {2014},
   Month = {Spring},
   Abstract = {The paper provides a textbook style overview of theories of
             party competition and citizen-politician linkage and
             principal-agent relations.},
   Key = {fds220848}
}

@misc{fds220846,
   Author = {Herbert Kitschelt and Melina Altamirano},
   Title = {Clientelism in Latin America. Effort and
             Effectiveness},
   Booktitle = {The Latin American Voter},
   Publisher = {most likely: University of Michigan Press},
   Editor = {Ryan C. Carlin and Matt Singer and Elizabeth
             Zechmeister},
   Year = {2013},
   ISBN = {not yet...},
   Abstract = {The paper explains where and why Latin American voters build
             clientelistic linkages to parties, and why sometimes, but
             not always, parties make efforts to provide clientelistic
             targeted goods to voters that remain unreciprocated by
             voters' partisan choices. The paper involves an original
             dataset and extensive statistical analysis.},
   Key = {fds220846}
}

@misc{fds291044,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Dynamics of Party Systems in Postindustrial
             Democracies.},
   Booktitle = {The Dynamics of Party Systems in Postindustrial
             Democracies.},
   Publisher = {Södertörn University Press},
   Address = {Huddinge/Stockholm:},
   Year = {2013},
   ISBN = {978-91-86069-60-5},
   Abstract = {Examines rival theories of party system change in
             postindustrial capitalism and provides evidence that
             realignment theories are most consistent with the
             data.},
   Key = {fds291044}
}

@article{fds291098,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Kselman, D},
   Title = {Economic Development, Democratic Experience, and Political
             Parties’ Linkage Strategies},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {46},
   Number = {?},
   Pages = {?},
   Publisher = {Sage},
   Editor = {Lupu, N and Riedl, RB},
   Year = {2013},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414012453450},
   Abstract = {This article examines the relationship among a country's
             democratic experience, its level of economic development,
             and the prevalence of clientelistic and programmatic modes
             of democratic accountability. In contrast to the commonly
             accepted wisdom that clientelistic politics will decrease
             monotonically as a country's economy develops and its
             democracy consolidates, the authors argue theoretically and
             demonstrate empirically that clientelism tends in fact to
             increase as a country moves from low to intermediate levels
             of democracy and development. They also uncover preliminary
             evidence that a history of regime instability may have
             independent consequences on the prevalence of one or the
             other linkage mechanism. Finally, the results suggest that a
             country's level of economic development and exposure to the
             international economy are more consistent predictors of
             programmatic effort and coherence than are measures of a
             country's regime type. © The Author(s) 2012.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0010414012453450},
   Key = {fds291098}
}

@article{fds291045,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {A Europe in Crisis. The Crisis of the Euro and the European
             Union},
   Journal = {Duke International Relations Association
             Newsletter},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {4-9},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {September},
   Key = {fds291045}
}

@misc{fds291041,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Social class and the radical right: Conceptualizing
             political preference formation and partisan
             choice},
   Pages = {224-251},
   Booktitle = {Class Politics and the Radical Right},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Address = {Milton Park, Abingdon, England and New York},
   Year = {2012},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780415690522},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203079546-19},
   Abstract = {Introduction A sensible discussion of the strategic
             opportunities for growth as well as containment of the
             radical right in post-industrial democracies and those
             surrounding them (i.e., Central and Eastern Europe) requires
             an adequate conceptualization of social structure that makes
             “locations” (asset endowments, competences, experiences)
             relevant for the formation of politically relevant
             “preferences” and “interests.” Moreover, it calls
             for a sophisticated analysis of supply configurations of
             policy alternatives on the playing field of partisan
             competition. Only where demand and supply meet will
             socio-structural dispositions translate into actual vote
             choices. I will try to make this concluding essay
             controversial with some bald and incompletely backed
             assertions (no empirical evidence provided here!). Think of
             its heuristic value as one of stimulating further research,
             even if some of its assertions are overdrawn or turn out to
             be plain wrong. When it comes to demand-side considerations,
             I will be the champion of intellectual innovation against
             the majority of the contributions in this volume: the old
             theory, of understanding political preference through class
             structure, as provided by the EriksonGoldthorpe-Portocarero
             (EGP) framework, simply will not do to account for political
             preference formation and the demand-side explanation of
             radical right party support. Moreover, I will claim that we
             have to go beyond the ad-hocism of two dimensions of
             political preference formation and analytically think in
             terms of three dimensions. While two dimensions have been
             sufficient to map relevant party positions empirically in
             the past, strategic options for the radical right and its
             competitors are now beginning to unfold in a
             three-dimensional space. In the end, my proposals will be at
             odds with every contribution in this volume, either because
             (1) I object to the papers’ occupation-based conception of
             social structure, and/or (2) because I begin to stray away
             from a twodimensional rendering of the relevant preference
             space in post-industrial politics. Relatively few papers in
             this volume venture into supply-side considerations, to
             which I will devote a bit of space in my response paper.
             Here I will be the champion of theoretical conservatism and
             restraint. I prefer to stay as close as possible to an
             old-fashioned spatial-positional conceptualization of party
             competition and vote choice, albeit with some behavioral
             extensions. Once these behavioral extensions have been taken
             into account, special additive theoretical frameworks that
             invoke valence, salience, and issue ownership as genuinely
             distinct considerations and rationale in party competition
             may contribute too little to be worth the effort, or may
             appear to be plain wrongheaded. All of this sets aside, of
             course, non-rational vote choice considerations, which
             clearly do play a role in citizens’ empirical choices
             among parties. They involve, however, psychological
             mechanisms available to strategic manipulation by all
             partisan competitors and therefore do not uniquely reward
             the radical right. Or they involve mechanisms that are just
             not strategically manipulable by politicians at all (such as
             party identification due to socialization and/or religious
             devotion), and therefore have to be accepted as simple facts
             of life (“constraints”) by the various partisan
             contenders. My earlier work on radical right parties
             (Kitschelt and McGann 1995 specifically) has been blamed,
             also on the pages of this book, for proposing a “winning
             electoral formula” that either never was winning or made
             itself obsolete for the radical right by the time my work
             appeared in print, just as Hegel’s Owl of Minerva embarked
             on its flight only at dusk. Against the backdrop of these
             earlier considerations, my paper here will conclude by
             speculating on whether there ever was and currently still is
             a “winning electoral formula” (or shall we say:
             “equilibrium strategy”?) for the radical right and its
             competitors, and what may be its implications for the future
             of the radical right’s conventional competitors. As a
             corollary to this discussion, I conclude by seconding Kay
             Arzheimer’s empirical conclusion that the conventional
             European center left will not be able to win back their
             erstwhile core electorate, i.e., the bulk of the remaining
             manual skilled and unskilled blue-collar workers. Instead
             there will be a multiplicity of partisan lefts in European
             party systems, only some of which will be able to attract
             bits and pieces of the working class; while the plurality,
             if not majority, of what can still be conceptualized as
             “working-class” voters-and some-will decisively opt for
             non-leftist parties, and particularly radical right parties.
             Political entrepreneurs will try to construct a
             “progressive political coalition” beyond a working-class
             support base. Since my piece has more the character of a
             polemic with analytical, but heuristic, objectives, it will
             include few references. Moreover, I will not take up
             definitional issues of what is or is not “radical right”
             or “right” with different adjectives.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9780203079546-19},
   Key = {fds291041}
}

@article{fds212131,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt},
   Title = {Review of Alan Ware. The Dynamics of Two-Party Politics.
             Party Structure and the Management of Competition. Oxford:
             Oxford University Press, 2009d},
   Journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
   Volume = {10},
   Year = {2012},
   Key = {fds212131}
}

@misc{fds212140,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt and Yi-ting Wang and editors and contributors},
   Title = {Programmatic Parties and Party Systems. Case Study
             Compendium (255pp)},
   Publisher = {International IDEA},
   Address = {Stockholm},
   Year = {2012},
   Key = {fds212140}
}

@misc{fds291039,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Wineroither, DM},
   Title = {Die Entwicklung des Parteienwettbewerbs in Oesterreich im
             internationalen Vergleich},
   Booktitle = {Die oesterreichische Demokratie im Vergleich},
   Publisher = {Nomos Verlag},
   Address = {Baden-Baden and Vienna},
   Editor = {Helms, L and Wineroither, DM},
   Year = {2012},
   ISBN = {978-3-8329-7257-8},
   Key = {fds291039}
}

@misc{fds291042,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Parties and Party Systems},
   Booktitle = {Comparing Democracies 4: Elections and Voting in a Changing
             World},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Editor = {LeDuc, L and Niemi, RG and Norris, P},
   Year = {2012},
   Abstract = {The paper provides a textbook style overview of theories of
             party competition and citizen-politician linkage and
             principal-agent relations.},
   Key = {fds291042}
}

@misc{fds291043,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Programmatic Parties and Party Systems. Final Report.
             (125pp)},
   Publisher = {International IDEA},
   Address = {Stockholm},
   Year = {2012},
   Key = {fds291043}
}

@article{fds291080,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Alan Ware. The Dynamics of Two-Party Politics.
             Party Structure and the Management of Competition. Oxford:
             Oxford University Press, 2009.},
   Journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
   Volume = {10},
   Year = {2012},
   Key = {fds291080}
}

@misc{fds186148,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt and Lenka Bustikova},
   Title = {“The Radical Right in Post-communist Europe. Comparative
             Perspectives on Party Competition.”},
   Booktitle = {Europeanizing Political Parties. Comparative Perspectives on
             Central and Eastern urope.},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds186148}
}

@misc{fds291038,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Parties and Interest Intermediation},
   Booktitle = {The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political
             Sociology.},
   Publisher = {WILEY-BLACKWELL},
   Address = {Oxford},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds291038}
}

@article{fds291079,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat. Democracy Within
             Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and their Political
             Consequences},
   Journal = {Political Science Quarterly},
   Year = {2011},
   Key = {fds291079}
}

@article{fds318547,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {The comparative analysis of electoral and partisan politics:
             A comment on a special issue of West European
             politics},
   Journal = {West European Politics},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {659-672},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {May},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402381003654692},
   Abstract = {The research papers assembled in this West European Politics
             issue are placed in an encompassing framework specifying
             components of the electoral and party studies research area.
             This makes it possible to identify complementarities,
             conflicts, and empty spaces left by the papers. Especially
             the conditioning of individual party preference through the
             structure of partisan alternatives needs more work.
             Generally analysis of the interaction of micro- and
             macro-level mechanisms impinging on the vote choice is
             called for. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.},
   Doi = {10.1080/01402381003654692},
   Key = {fds318547}
}

@book{fds291097,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt and Kitschelt, H and Hawkins, KA and Luna, JP and Rosas, G and Zechmeister,
             EJ},
   Title = {Latin American party systems},
   Pages = {1-297},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780521114950},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511750311},
   Abstract = {Political parties provide a crucial link between voters and
             politicians. This link takes a variety of forms in
             democratic regimes, from the organization of political
             machines built around clientelistic networks to the
             establishment of sophisticated programmatic parties. Latin
             American Party Systems provides a novel theoretical argument
             to account for differences in the degree to which political
             party systems in the region were programmatically structured
             at the end of the twentieth century. Based on a diverse
             array of indicators and surveys of party legislators and
             public opinion, the book argues that learning and adaptation
             through fundamental policy innovations are the main
             mechanisms by which politicians build programmatic parties.
             Marshalling extensive evidence, the book's analysis shows
             the limits of alternative explanations and substantiates a
             sanguine view of programmatic competition, nevertheless
             recognizing that this form of party system organization is
             far from ubiquitous and enduring in Latin
             America.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511750311},
   Key = {fds291097}
}

@article{fds291099,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Bustikova, L},
   Title = {The radical right in post-communist Europe. Comparative
             perspectives on legacies and party competition.},
   Journal = {Communist and Post Communist Studies},
   Volume = {42},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {459-483},
   Publisher = {Elsevier BV},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {Fall},
   ISSN = {0967-067X},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2009.10.007},
   Abstract = {We investigate the effect of welfare state retrenchment on
             vote support for radical right parties in the 2000s. In
             countries with a legacy of national accommodative communism,
             early differentiation of major parties on socio-cultural
             issues and strategies of social policy compensation kept
             reform losers at bay, which limited votrer success of
             radical parties. Highly polarized patrimonial regimes, on
             the contrary, are the most fertile breeding ground for the
             radial right due to the high levels of inequality and
             dissatisfation resulting from a rapid dismantling of the
             welfare state.},
   Doi = {10.1016/j.postcomstud.2009.10.007},
   Key = {fds291099}
}

@misc{fds291037,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Post-Industrial Democracies: Political Economy and
             Democratic Partisan Competition},
   Pages = {195-225},
   Booktitle = {Sage Handbook of Comparative Politics},
   Publisher = {Sage Publisher},
   Address = {London},
   Editor = {Landman, T and Robinson, N},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {April},
   ISBN = {9781412919760},
   Abstract = {The paper reconstructs the development of the field of
             comparative political economy since the early 1980s as a
             steady complexification of theoretical models to increase
             the empirical explanatory reach of analysis.},
   Key = {fds291037}
}

@article{fds318548,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Freeze, K and Kolev, K and Wang,
             YT},
   Title = {Measuring democratic accountability: An initial report on an
             emerging data set},
   Journal = {Revista De Ciencia Politica},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {741-773},
   Publisher = {SciELO Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica Y
             Tecnologica (CONICYT)},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2009000300004},
   Abstract = {In this paper, we report on a new dataset based on expert
             surveys carried out in nearly 90 countries around the world.
             This dataset helps to overcome the limited existence of
             cross-national data on democratic linkage mechanisms between
             citizens and politicians, especially with regard to
             contingent exchange of targeted goods for electoral support
             as most studies that have examined democratic accountability
             have a narrow geographic focus or are single-case studies.
             The report outlines the various methodological challenges
             faced in implementing the survey and in interpreting its
             results, as well as steps taken to determine the quality of
             the data. This preliminary analysis of results from the
             survey lends support that the various indicators developed
             from the survey are reliable and valid measures of political
             parties' actual organizational practices, linkage
             mechanisms, and policy orientations.},
   Doi = {10.4067/S0718-090X2009000300004},
   Key = {fds318548}
}

@article{fds318549,
   Author = {Caporaso, JA and Kitschelt, HP and Wibbels, EM and Wilkinson,
             SI},
   Title = {Fortieth anniversary issue},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {41},
   Number = {4-5},
   Pages = {405-411},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414007313252},
   Doi = {10.1177/0010414007313252},
   Key = {fds318549}
}

@misc{fds291036,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Rehm, P},
   Title = {Political Participation},
   Pages = {445-472},
   Booktitle = {Daniele Caramani (ed.), Comparative Politics},
   Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {Summer},
   ISBN = {978-0-19-929841-9},
   Abstract = {The paper specifies modes of political participation and
             then analyzes determinants of different forms of
             participation with both macro-level as well as micro-level
             variables.},
   Key = {fds291036}
}

@book{fds39039,
   Title = {Patrons or Policies? Patterns of Democratic Accountability
             and Political Competition},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press, 2007},
   Editor = {H.P. Kitschelt and Steven Wilkinson},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds39039}
}

@article{fds291086,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Growth and Persistence of the Radical Right in
             Postindustrial Democracies. Advances and Challenges in
             Comparative},
   Journal = {West European Politics},
   Volume = {30},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {1176-1207},
   Publisher = {Frank Cass},
   Editor = {Goetz, K and Mair, P and Smith, G},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {0140-2382},
   Abstract = {The paper discusses the conceptualization of radical right
             wing parties. It then defends supply side explanations that
             focus on the convergence of conventional left and right
             parties as a condition that enables political entrepreneurs
             to create new electoral alternatives successfully.
             Methodological problems of measuring party positions and
             locating radical right parties in the competitive space are
             discussed extensively.},
   Key = {fds291086}
}

@misc{fds318550,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Post-Industrial democracies: Political economy and
             democratic partisan competition},
   Pages = {191-226},
   Booktitle = {The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics},
   Publisher = {SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9781412919760},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857021083.n12},
   Doi = {10.4135/9780857021083.n12},
   Key = {fds318550}
}

@book{fds309867,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Wilkinson, SI},
   Title = {Patrons, clients, and policies: Patterns of democratic
             accountability and political competition},
   Pages = {1-377},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, HP and Wilkinson, S},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {9780521865050},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511585869},
   Abstract = {Most models of party competition assume that citizens vote
             for a platform rather than narrowly targeted material
             benefits. However, there are many countries where
             politicians win elections by giving money, jobs, and
             services in direct exchange for votes. This is not just true
             in the developing world, but also in economically developed
             countries - such as Japan and Austria - that clearly meet
             the definition of stable, modern democracies. This book
             offers explanations for why politicians engage in
             clientelistic behaviours and why voters respond. Using newly
             collected data on national and sub-national patterns of
             patronage and electoral competition, the contributors
             demonstrate why explanations based on economic modernization
             or electoral institutions cannot account for international
             variation in patron-client and programmatic competition.
             Instead, they show how the interaction of economic
             development, party competition, governance of the economy,
             and ethnic heterogeneity may work together to determine the
             choices of patrons, clients and policies.},
   Doi = {10.1017/CBO9780511585869},
   Key = {fds309867}
}

@misc{fds291035,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Party Systems},
   Booktitle = {Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics},
   Editor = {Boix, C and Stokes, S},
   Year = {2007},
   ISBN = {978-0-19-027848-0},
   Abstract = {This paper reviews the voluminous literature on the concept
             of party system and discusses theories of party system
             dynamics. While a handbook article, it makes an original
             contribution in proposing a new theoretical approach to the
             concept of "competitiveness" and critiques the ways this
             concept has been used in the past.},
   Key = {fds291035}
}

@article{fds291078,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Junichi Kawata, Comparing Political Corruption and
             Clientelism},
   Journal = {Democratization},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {509-11},
   Year = {2007},
   Key = {fds291078}
}

@misc{fds291028,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Wilkinson, S},
   Title = {A Research Agenda for the Study of Citizen-Politician
             Linkages and Democratic Accountability},
   Pages = {322-41},
   Booktitle = {Patrons, Clients, and Policies},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291028}
}

@misc{fds291029,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Demise of Clientelism in Affluent Capitalist
             Democracies},
   Pages = {298-321},
   Booktitle = {Patrons, Clients and Policies},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, H and Wilkinson, S},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291029}
}

@misc{fds291030,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Wilkinson, S},
   Title = {Citizen-Politician Linkages. An Introduction},
   Pages = {1-50},
   Booktitle = {Patrons, Clients, or Policies?},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, H and Wilkinson, S},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291030}
}

@misc{fds291031,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Staatsversagen, Globalisierung und Regimekonflikt.
             Urspruenge des heutigen Internationalen Terrorismus im Nahe
             Osten},
   Pages = {131-200},
   Booktitle = {Die Globale Frage. Empirische Befunde und ethische
             Herausforderungen},
   Publisher = {Passagen Verlag, Wien},
   Editor = {Koller, P},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291031}
}

@misc{fds291032,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Movement Parties},
   Pages = {278-90},
   Booktitle = {Handbook of Party Politics},
   Publisher = {Sage Publishers},
   Editor = {Katz, RS and Crotty, W},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291032}
}

@misc{fds291033,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Leistungs- und Innovationsprobleme konservativer
             Sozialstaaten mit koordinierten Marktwirtschaften},
   Pages = {91-110},
   Booktitle = {Transformation des Kapitalismus},
   Publisher = {Campus Verlag, Frankfurt/Main},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds291033}
}

@misc{fds291034,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Rehm, P},
   Title = {New Social Risks and Political Preferences},
   Pages = {52-82},
   Booktitle = {The Politics of Post-Industrial Welfare States. Adapting
             postwar social policies to new social risks},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Editor = {Armingeon, K and Bonoli, G},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds291034}
}

@article{fds291077,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Aleks Szczerbiak and Sean Hanley, editors.
             Center-Right Parties in Post-Communist East-Central
             Europe.},
   Journal = {Slavic Review},
   Volume = {65},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {797-799},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291077}
}

@article{fds291100,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Collective Group Interests and Distributive Outcomes:
             Competing Claims about the Evolution of the Welfare
             State},
   Journal = {Labor History},
   Volume = {47},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {411-420},
   Publisher = {Routledge},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds291100}
}

@article{fds291076,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Michel McFaul and Kathryn Stoner-Weiss, After the
             Collapse of Communism: Comparative Lessons of
             Transition},
   Journal = {Perspectives on Politics},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {674-5},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {September},
   Key = {fds291076}
}

@article{fds291102,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and McGann, AJ},
   Title = {The Radical Right in the Alps: Evolution of Support for the
             Swiss SVP and Austrian FPÖ},
   Journal = {Party Politics},
   Volume = {11},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {147-172},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068805049734},
   Abstract = {The Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ) and the Swiss People's
             Party (SVP) in 1999 became the only far-right parties in
             post-war Western Europe to outpoll their mainstream
             conservative competitors. As such, they are limiting cases
             and yield a great deal of information about the development
             and prospects for the far-right in Europe. We analyze the
             evolution and success of these parties, using survey data to
             track their changing electorates. We find that the FPÖ and
             SVP have evolved into the typical profile of 'new
             radical-right' parties in terms of their appeal and
             supporters. However, they have also been able to appeal to a
             broader electorate, which in part explains their success.
             Copyright © 2005 SAGE Publications.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1354068805049734},
   Key = {fds291102}
}

@article{fds291074,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Thomas R. Cusak, A National Challenbe at the Local
             Level: Citizens, Elites and Institutions in Reunified
             Germany},
   Journal = {Acta Politica},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {117-8},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds291074}
}

@article{fds291075,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Pippa Norris, Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules
             and Political Behavior},
   Journal = {Political Science Quarterly},
   Year = {2005},
   Key = {fds291075}
}

@article{fds291104,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {„Diversificación y reconfiguración de los sistemas de
             partidos de las democracias postindustriales},
   Journal = {Revista Española De Ciencia Política},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {9-51},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {April},
   Abstract = {Revista Española de Ciencia Política. Núm. 10, Abril
             2004, pp. 9-51 Diversificación y reconfiguración de los
             sistemas de partidos de las democracias postindustriales *
             ** Herbert Kitschelt HERBERT KITSCHELT DIVERSIFICACIÓN Y
             RECONFIGURACIÓN DE LOS SISTEMAS DE PARTIDOS 9-51 Desde el
             final de la II Guerra Mundial hasta nuestros días los
             sistemas de partidos tradicionales se han desmoronado o,
             cuando menos, han sufrido grandes cambios. En este artículo
             describo este cambio, expongo sus causas y explico cómo han
             operado para llegar a modificar los sistemas de partidos
             tradicionales. Las preferencias políticas de los ciudadanos
             surgen principalmente, aunque no sólo, a partir de la
             inserción de los ciudadanos en el mercado de trabajo, la
             familia y las organizaciones empresariales. El proceso de
             postindustrialización y los cambios impuestos al desarrollo
             de los estados del bienestar han dado lugar a diferentes
             pautas y trayectorias que han influido y continúan
             influyendo en la distribución de preferencias políticas de
             los ciudadanos. En el nivel macro, ha habido un cambio en
             los ejes de la distribución de preferencias políticas: en
             dos fases distintas, se ha pasado de la prioridad del eje de
             las políticas distributivas (derecha-izquierda) a la del
             eje de las estructuras de gobernanza sociocultural
             (autoritario-liberal). Estos cambios en los ejes de
             preferencias tienen implicaciones para las estrategias de
             los partidos políticos. Los partidos son sensibles a las
             preferencias de los ciudadanos, como lo prueba el descenso
             del clientelismo, y en consecuencia se adaptan a sus
             cambios, siempre dentro del margen de posibilidades que les
             ofrece la estructura social, su propio historial partidista
             y, por supuesto, las condiciones económicas restrictivas y
             la crisis de los estados del bienestar vigentes. Como
             consecuencia de este proceso los sistemas de partidos se han
             complejizado y se han diversificado, dejando en manos de los
             movimientos sociales y los grupos de interés amplios
             ámbitos de actuación: toda la serie de temas y ámbitos de
             competición electoral que no pueden interpretarse dentro
             del espacio definido por los dos ejes de distribución de
             preferencias que rige la competición partidista. Palabras
             clave: sistemas de partidos, competición partidista,
             preferencias políticas, divisiones políticas, dimensión
             izquierda-derecha, estado de bienestar.},
   Key = {fds291104}
}

@book{fds309868,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Streeck, W},
   Title = {From stability to stagnation: Germany at the beginning of
             the twenty-first century},
   Pages = {1-32},
   Publisher = {Frank Cass},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, H and Streeck, W},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {February},
   ISBN = {0714655880},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203489154},
   Abstract = {Basic institutions and political power configurations that
             contributed to Germany's post-war social and economic
             success turned from assets into liabilities in the 1990s and
             beyond. This introduction highlights the emergence and
             interaction of the critical components of the German
             political economy. It provides evidence for its declining
             performance and details a set of causes for it. Collective
             actors and institutional bargaining modes make it difficult
             to adapt to new challenges. Nevertheless, the deepening
             crisis may trigger change initiated by office-seeking party
             politicians and political-economic actors engaged in local
             problemsolving which sidesteps rigid mechanisms of national
             co-ordination. © 2004 Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9780203489154},
   Key = {fds309868}
}

@misc{fds340932,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Political-economic context and partisan strategies in the
             German federal elections, 1990-2002},
   Pages = {118-143},
   Booktitle = {Germany: Beyond the Stable State},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {February},
   ISBN = {0714655880},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203489154},
   Abstract = {With the intensifying crisis of the German
             political-economic model, federal elections signal the
             beginning of a polarising realignment that rallies
             beneficiaries of the status quo, particularly white collar
             employees in non-profit sectors, individuals with weak human
             capital endowments, and the elderly living off public
             pensions, to the more social-protectionist social democrats
             and, to a declining extent, the Greens. In contrast, voters
             situated in the market-exposed sector and with strong
             professional skills to compete in that sector opt for
             liberals and Christian democrats, who begin to sharpen their
             market-liberal profile. In 1998 and 2002, the
             socialprotectionist camp prevailed, but its opponents may
             win in the future if economic conditions worsen and the
             governing parties fail to deliver reform. © 2004 Frank Cass
             & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.4324/9780203489154},
   Key = {fds340932}
}

@book{fds328843,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Commentary: New challenges in the study of political
             representation. Comment on G. Bingham Powell Jr.,
             “Citizens, Elected Policymakers, and democratic
             representation: Two contributions from comparative
             politics”},
   Pages = {241-249},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   ISBN = {0814251137},
   Key = {fds328843}
}

@misc{fds39121,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt and Steven Wilkinson},
   Title = {Patrons or Policies. Patterns of Democratic Accountability
             and Political Competition},
   Publisher = {under review: Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds39121}
}

@misc{fds291026,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {New Challenges in the Study of Political Representation.
             Comment on G. Bingham Powell Jr., 'Citizens,Elected
             Policy-Makers, and Democratic Representation. Two
             Contributions from Comparative Politics'},
   Pages = {231-39},
   Booktitle = {The Evolution of Political Knowledge},
   Publisher = {Ohio State University Press},
   Editor = {Mansfield, ED and Sisson, R},
   Year = {2004},
   Key = {fds291026}
}

@misc{fds291027,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt and Kitschelt, HP and Brinegar, A and Jolly, S and Kitschelt,
             H},
   Title = {Varieties of capitalism and political divides over European
             integration},
   Pages = {62-89},
   Booktitle = {Gary Marks and Marco R.Steenbergen, eds., European
             Integration and Political Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge
             University Press, 2004.},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Marks, G and Steenbergen, M},
   Year = {2004},
   Abstract = {(no abstract in the book) The paper shows that European mass
             publics align their preferences over the desirability of
             European integration according to domestic
             political-economic institutions and ideological divides in
             the party systems.},
   Key = {fds291027}
}

@article{fds291073,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Hubert Tworzecki, Learning to Choose. Electoral
             Politics in Eastern Europe,},
   Journal = {Slavic Review},
   Volume = {63},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {141-2},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {Spring},
   Key = {fds291073}
}

@article{fds291103,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Origins of International Terrorism in the Middle
             East},
   Journal = {International Politics and Society},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {159-188},
   Publisher = {Transaction Publishers},
   Year = {2004},
   Abstract = {Islamist terrorism is a response to predatory regimes which
             no longer have the means to co-opt their opponents and
             resort to repression rather than negotiated concessions.
             This type of regime is widespread in the Middle East, not
             least due to the region's oil wealth. Islam is incidental to
             both the predatory regimes and the terrorist
             response.},
   Key = {fds291103}
}

@misc{fds291022,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Constraints and Opportunities in the Strategic Conduct of
             Postcommunist Successor Parties: Regime Legacies as Causal
             Argument?},
   Pages = {14-40},
   Booktitle = {Communist Successor Parties in Central and Eastern Europe:
             Reform of Transmutation?},
   Publisher = {Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe},
   Editor = {Bozoki, A and Ishiyama, JT},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds291022}
}

@misc{fds291023,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Landscapes of Political Interest Intermediation: Social
             Movements, Interest Groups, and Parties in the Early
             Twenty-First Century},
   Pages = {81-104},
   Booktitle = {Social Movements and Democracy},
   Publisher = {Houdsmill, Basingstoke: Palgrave-MacMillan},
   Editor = {Ibarra, P},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds291023}
}

@misc{fds291024,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and McGann, AJ},
   Title = {Die Dynamik der schweizerischen Neuen Rechten in
             komparativer Perspektive: Die Alpenrepubliken},
   Pages = {183-216},
   Booktitle = {Schweizer Wahlen 1999},
   Publisher = {Bern: Paul Haupt},
   Editor = {Sciarini, P and Harmeier, S and Better, A},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds291024}
}

@misc{fds291025,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Accounting for Postcommunist Regime Diversity: What Counts
             as a Good Cause?},
   Pages = {49-86},
   Booktitle = {Legacies of Communism},
   Publisher = {Cambridge: Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Ekiert, G and Hanson, S},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds291025}
}

@article{fds291072,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Duane Swank, Global Capital, Political
             Institutions, and Policy Change in Developed Welfare
             States},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {36},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {732-36},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds291072}
}

@misc{fds291088,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Competitive Party Democracy and Political-Economic Reform in
             Germany and Japan: Do Party Systems Make a
             Difference?},
   Pages = {334-63},
   Booktitle = {The End of Diversity? Prospects for German and Japanese
             Capitalism},
   Publisher = {Ithaca: Cornell University Press},
   Editor = {Yamamura, K and Streeck, W},
   Year = {2003},
   Key = {fds291088}
}

@article{fds291129,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Streeck, W},
   Title = {Introduction: From Stability to Stagnation: Germany at the
             Beginning of the Twenty-First Century},
   Journal = {West European Politics},
   Volume = {26},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1-34},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402380312331280668},
   Abstract = {Basic institutions and political power configurations that
             contributed to Germany's post-war social and economic
             success turned from assets into liabilities in the 1990s and
             beyond. This introduction highlights the emergence and
             interaction of the critical components of the German
             political economy. It provides evidence for its declining
             performance and details a set of causes for it. Collective
             actors and institutional bargaining modes make it difficult
             to adapt to new challenges. Nevertheless, the deepening
             crisis may trigger change initiated by office-seeking party
             politicians and political-economic actors engaged in local
             problem-solving which sidesteps rigid mechanisms of national
             co-ordination.},
   Doi = {10.1080/01402380312331280668},
   Key = {fds291129}
}

@article{fds291131,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Political Economic Context and Partisan Strategies in the
             German Federal Elections 1990-2002},
   Journal = {West European Politics},
   Volume = {26},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {125-152},
   Booktitle = {Germany: Beyond the Stable State},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2003},
   ISBN = {0714655880},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402380312331280718},
   Abstract = {With the intensifying crisis of the German
             political-economic model, federal elections signal the
             beginning of a polarising realignment that rallies
             beneficiaries of the status quo, particularly white collar
             employees in non-profit sectors, individuals with weak human
             capital endowments, and the elderly living off public
             pensions, to the more social-protectionist social democrats
             and, to a declining extent, the Greens. In contrast, voters
             situated in the market-exposed sector and with strong
             professional skills to compete in that sector opt for
             liberals and Christian democrats, who begin to sharpen their
             market-liberal profile. In 1998 and 2002, the
             social-protectionist camp prevailed, but its opponents may
             win in the future if economic conditions worsen and the
             governing parties fail to deliver reform.},
   Doi = {10.1080/01402380312331280718},
   Key = {fds291131}
}

@article{fds291130,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Smyth, RA},
   Title = {Programmatic Party Cohesion in Emerging Post-Communist
             Democracies; Russia in Comparative Context},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {35},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {1228-1256},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2002},
   Month = {December},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/001041402237949},
   Abstract = {Across postcommunist states, studies of electoral
             competition reveal variation in the capacity of political
             parties to compete on the basis of clearly articulated
             issue-based programs. Notably, the development of
             programmatic party competition in the Russian Federation is
             lagging behind other postcommunist states. Over time it is
             likely that democratic institutions shape the learning
             process that enable politicians to adjust strategies of
             party competition, but learning is not likely to occur at
             the same pace across all countries. The authors explain the
             observed cross-national variation in party system
             development as a function of the aspiring political elites'
             capabilities to solve social choice problems through party
             formation against the backdrop of past experiences with
             collective mobilization under and before communist rule. The
             authors test this model using survey data of middle-level
             party elites in five countries and find that legacies
             decisively affect elite strategies in the initial rounds of
             democratic party competition.},
   Doi = {10.1177/001041402237949},
   Key = {fds291130}
}

@misc{fds291020,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Panoramas de intermediacion de intereses politicos:
             movimentos sociales, grupos de interes y paridos a comienzos
             del siglo XXI},
   Pages = {361-86},
   Booktitle = {Construccion de Europa: Democracia y Globalizacion},
   Publisher = {Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de
             Compostela},
   Editor = {Maiz, R},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds291020}
}

@misc{fds291021,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Popular Dissatisfaction with Democracy: Populism and Party
             Systems},
   Pages = {179-96},
   Booktitle = {Democracies and the Populist Challenge},
   Publisher = {Houndsmill, Basingstoke: Palgrave},
   Editor = {Meny, Y and Surel, Y},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds291021}
}

@article{fds291071,
   Author = {Kitscehlt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Party G. Lewis, Party Development and Democratic
             Change in Post-Communist Europe: The First
             Decade},
   Journal = {Slavic Review},
   Volume = {61},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {587-8},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds291071}
}

@article{fds291070,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Pierre Martin, Comprendre les Evolutions
             Electorales: La Theorie des realignments
             revisitee},
   Volume = {24},
   Pages = {227-8},
   Year = {2001},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {fds291070}
}

@misc{fds291014,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Divergent Paths of Postcommunist Democracies},
   Pages = {299-323},
   Booktitle = {Political Parties and Democracy},
   Publisher = {Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press},
   Editor = {Gunther, R and Diamond, L and Plattner, MF},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291014}
}

@misc{fds291015,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Politische Konfliklinien in westlichen Demokratien:
             Ethnisch-kulturelle und wirtschafttliche
             Verteilungskonflikte},
   Pages = {418-41},
   Booktitle = {Autoritare Entwicklungen im Zeitalter der
             Globalisierung},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Editor = {Heidtmeyer, W},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291015}
}

@misc{fds291016,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The German Political Economy and the 1998 Election:
             Challenges to German Cooperative Market Capitalism and the
             Welfare State},
   Pages = {200-20},
   Booktitle = {Power Shift in Germany: The 1998 Election and the End of the
             Kohl Era},
   Publisher = {Boston: Berg Publishers},
   Editor = {Conradt, D and Kleinfeld, GR and Romoser, GK},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291016}
}

@misc{fds291017,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Parties and Interest Intermediation},
   Pages = {149-63},
   Booktitle = {Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology},
   Publisher = {Oxford: Blackwell},
   Editor = {Nash, K and Scott, A},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291017}
}

@misc{fds291018,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment, When Do
             Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?},
   Pages = {265-302},
   Booktitle = {The New Politics of the Welfare State},
   Publisher = {Oxford: Oxford University Press},
   Editor = {Pierson, P},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291018}
}

@misc{fds291019,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Accounting for Post-Communist Regime Diversity: What Counts
             as a Good Cause?},
   Booktitle = {Transformative Politics in Central Europe},
   Publisher = {Warsaw: IP-PAN Publishers},
   Editor = {Markowski, R},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291019}
}

@article{fds291069,
   Author = {Evans, G and Norris, P},
   Title = {Critical Elections. British Parties and Voters in Long-Term
             Perspective.},
   Journal = {West European Politics},
   Volume = {24},
   Pages = {227-8},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds291069}
}

@book{fds309869,
   Title = {Kontingenz und Krise. Institutionenpolitik in
             kapitalistischen und post-sozialistischen Gesellschaften.
             Claus Offe zu seinem 60. Geburstag},
   Publisher = {Campus Verlag},
   Editor = {Hinrichs, K and Kitschelt, H and Wiesenthal, H},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds309869}
}

@article{fds291132,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Linkages between citizens and politicians in democratic
             polities},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {33},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {845-879},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/001041400003300607},
   Abstract = {Research on democratic party competition in the formal
             spatial tradition of Downs and the comparative-historical
             tradition of Lipset and Rokkan assumes that linkages of
             accountability and responsiveness between voters and
             political elites work through politicians' programmatic
             appeals and policy achievements. This ignores, however,
             alternative voter-elite linkages through the personal
             charisma of political leaders and, more important, selective
             material incentives in networks of direct exchange
             (clientelism). In light of the diversity of linkage
             mechanisms appearing in new democracies and changing
             linkages in established democracies, this article explores
             theories of linkage choice. It first develops conceptual
             definitions of charismatic, clientelist, and programmatic
             linkages between politicians and electoral constituencies.
             It then asks whether politicians face a trade-off or mutual
             reinforcement in employing linkage mechanisms. The core
             section of the article details developmentalist, statist,
             institutional, political-economic, and cultural-ideological
             theories of citizen-elite linkage formation in democracies,
             showing that none of the theories is fully encompassing. The
             final section considers empirical measurement problems in
             comparative research on linkage.},
   Doi = {10.1177/001041400003300607},
   Key = {fds291132}
}

@article{fds291133,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Citizens, politicians, and party cartellization: Political
             representation and state failure in post-industrial
             democracies},
   Journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {149-179},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.00508},
   Abstract = {This paper critiques what can be interpreted as an
             application of the literature on state failure in current
             political economy and political science to the changing role
             of political parties in advanced post-industrial
             democracies. Katz and Mair's theory of Mair's theory of
             cartel parties. It develops an alternative set of hypotheses
             about the dynamics of parties and party systems with the
             objective to clarify empirical terms according to which
             rival propositions can be tested. Specifically, the paper
             rejects three propositions in the theory of cartel parties
             and advances the following alternatives. First, party
             leaders are not divorced from their members and voting
             constituencies, but become ever more sensitive to their
             preferences. Second, inter-party cooperation generates a
             prisoner's dilemma in the competitive arena that ultimately
             prevents the emergence of cartels. Ideological convergence
             of rival parties has causes external to the competitive
             arena, not internal to it. Third, conventional parties
             cannot marginalize or coopt new challengers, but must adjust
             to their demands and electoral appeals. The age of cartel
             parties, if it ever existed, is not at its beginning, but
             its end.},
   Doi = {10.1111/1475-6765.00508},
   Key = {fds291133}
}

@misc{fds303782,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Formation of Party Cleavages in Post-Communist
             Democracies: Theoretical Propositions},
   Volume = {1},
   Booktitle = {The Politics of the Post-Communist World},
   Publisher = {Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Limited},
   Editor = {White, S and Nelson, D},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds303782}
}

@misc{fds291012,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H and Hinrichs, K and Wiesenthal, H},
   Title = {Kontingenz und Krise-Das Design des Politischen},
   Pages = {7-21},
   Booktitle = {Kontingenz und Krise: Institutionenpolitik in Kapitalismus
             und post-sozialisitschen Gesellschaften. Claus Offe zum 60.
             Geburtstag},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Editor = {Karl Hinrichs and Herbert Kitschelt and Helmust
             Wiesenthal},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds291012}
}

@misc{fds291013,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Verfassungsdesign und postkommunistische
             Wirschaftsreform},
   Pages = {157-88},
   Booktitle = {Kontingenz und Krise: Institutionenpolitik in Kapitalismus
             und postsozialistischen Gesellschaften, Claus Offe zum
             30},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Editor = {Hinrichs, K and Kitschelt, H and Wiesenthal, H},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds291013}
}

@article{fds291066,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Moshe Maor, Parties, Conflicts and Coalitions in
             Western Europe: Organizational Determinants of Coalition
             Bargaining},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds291066}
}

@article{fds291067,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Keith Archer and Alan Whitehorn, Political
             Activists: The NDP in Convention},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds291067}
}

@article{fds291068,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Mark Irving Lichbach and Alan S. Zuckerman, eds.,
             Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and
             Structure},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {94},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {220-1},
   Year = {2000},
   Key = {fds291068}
}

@article{fds291085,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Formation of Party Cleavages in Post-Communist
             Democracies: Theoretical Propositions},
   Journal = {Party Politics},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {447-72},
   Booktitle = {The Politics of the Post-Communist World},
   Publisher = {Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Limited},
   Editor = {Stephen White and Daniel Nelson},
   Year = {2000},
   Abstract = {reprinted in: Stephen White and Daniel Nelson, eds., The
             Politcs of the Post-Communist World, Volume I. Aldershot:
             Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2000},
   Key = {fds291085}
}

@book{fds290994,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Post-Communist Party Systems},
   Pages = {457 pages},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {August},
   ISBN = {052165890X},
   Abstract = {This study examines democratic party competition in four
             post-communist polities in the mid-1990s, Bulgaria, the
             Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.},
   Key = {fds290994}
}

@article{fds291065,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of John Higley, Jan Pakulski, and Wlodzimierz
             Wesolowski, eds., Postcommunist Elites and Democracy in
             Eastern Europe},
   Journal = {Slavic Review},
   Volume = {22},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {Summer},
   Key = {fds291065}
}

@book{fds291096,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Mansfeldova, Z and Markowski, R and Toka,
             G},
   Title = {Post-Communist Party Systems, Competition, Representation,
             and Inter-Party Cooperation},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds291096}
}

@article{fds291126,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Class Structure and Social Democratic Party
             Strategy},
   Journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {299-337},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1999},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007123400006633},
   Abstract = {Arguments that infer the inevitable decline of European
             socialist and social democratic parties from the changing
             class structures of advanced capitalist societies have two
             major flaws. Firstly, they do not adequately reconstruct the
             link between citizens' experiences in markets, work
             organizations and the sphere of social reproduction, on the
             one hand, and the formation of political consciousness, on
             the other. Secondly, such propositions do not model the
             strategic terrain of party competition and intra-party
             decision making on which socialist politicians devise voter
             appeals. This article will first present a sketch of an
             alternative theory of preference formation that does not
             rely on conventional class categories and then analyse party
             competition as faced by social democrats under advanced
             capitalism. It will then test ‘naïve’ and
             ‘sophisticated’ theories of class politics and account
             for their shortcomings in terms of the alternative
             theoretical framework. © 1993, Cambridge University Press.
             All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1017/S0007123400006633},
   Key = {fds291126}
}

@book{fds309870,
   Title = {Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, H and Lange, P and Marks, G and Stephens,
             J},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds309870}
}

@misc{fds291008,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Marks, G and Stephens, J},
   Title = {Conclusion: Convergence and Divergence of Advanced
             Capitalist Democracies},
   Pages = {427-60},
   Booktitle = {The Politics and Political Economy of Advanced Industrial
             Societies},
   Publisher = {Cambridge: Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, H and Lange, P and Marks, G and Stephens,
             J},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds291008}
}

@misc{fds291009,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {European Social Democracy between Political Economy and
             Electoral Competition},
   Pages = {317-45},
   Booktitle = {The Politics and Political Economy of Advanced Industrial
             Societies},
   Publisher = {Cambridge: Cambridge University Press},
   Editor = {Kitschelt, H and Lange, P and Marks, G and Stephens,
             J},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds291009}
}

@misc{fds291010,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Politische Gelegenheitsstrukturen in Theorien sozialer
             Bewegungen heute},
   Pages = {144-163},
   Booktitle = {Neue Soziale Bewegungen: Impulse, Bilanzen und
             Perspektiven},
   Publisher = {Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag},
   Editor = {Rohde, M},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds291010}
}

@article{fds291064,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Robert M. Uriu, Troubled Industries: Confronting
             Economic Change in Japan},
   Journal = {Journal of Japanese Studies},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {500-4},
   Year = {1997},
   Key = {fds291064}
}

@article{fds291106,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {CES Research Planning Group: The Politics and Political
             Economy of Contemporary Capitalism},
   Journal = {European Studies Newsletter},
   Volume = {25},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {4-6},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds291106}
}

@misc{fds291007,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {European Party Systems: Continuity and Change},
   Pages = {131-50},
   Booktitle = {Developments in West European Politics},
   Publisher = {London: Macmillan Press},
   Editor = {Heywood, P and Rhodes, M and Wright, V},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds291007}
}

@article{fds291107,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Zielkonflikte beim Neuaufbau des Universitwesens in
             Ostdeutschland: Eine Vergleichende Betrachtung},
   Journal = {Hochschule Ost. Politisch Akademisches Journal Aus
             Ostdeutschland},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {85-93},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds291107}
}

@article{fds291117,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {"Demokratietheorie und Veränderungen politischer
             Beteiligungsformen: Zum institutionellen Design
             postindustrieller Gesellschaften"},
   Journal = {Forschungsjournal Neue Soziale Bewegungen},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {17-39},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds291117}
}

@article{fds19390,
   Author = {H.P. Kitschelt},
   Title = {"The Formation of Party Cleavages in Post-Communist
             Democracies: Theoretical Propositions"},
   Journal = {Party Politics},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {447-72},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {Fall},
   Key = {fds19390}
}

@article{fds291063,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of David S. Bell and Eric Shaw, Conflict and Cohesion
             in Western European Social Democratic Parties},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {773-773},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {September},
   Key = {fds291063}
}

@article{fds291061,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Andrei S. Markovits and Philip Gorski, The German
             Left},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {89},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {232-3},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds291061}
}

@article{fds291062,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Peter K. Merkl, German Unification in the European
             Context},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {28-29},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {March},
   Key = {fds291062}
}

@misc{fds291005,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {A Silent Revolution in Europe? Political Preference
             Formation and Social Movements in Eastern and Western
             Europe},
   Pages = {125-65},
   Booktitle = {Governing the New Europe},
   Publisher = {Cambridge: Polity Press},
   Editor = {Hayward, J},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds291005}
}

@misc{fds291006,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Die Entwicklung post-sozialistischer Parteiensysteme:
             Vergleichende Perspektiven},
   Pages = {475-505},
   Booktitle = {Transformation sozialistischer Gesellschaften: Am Ende des
             Anfangs},
   Publisher = {Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag},
   Editor = {Wollmann, H and Wiesenthal, H and Bönker, F},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds291006}
}

@book{fds291095,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and McGann, A},
   Title = {The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative
             Analysis},
   Publisher = {Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds291095}
}

@article{fds291128,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Dimitrov, D and Kanev, A},
   Title = {The Structuring of the Vote in Post-Communist Party Systems:
             The Bulgarian Example},
   Journal = {European Journal of Political Research},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {143-160},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1995},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.1995.tb00633.x},
   Abstract = {Abstract. Consolidated democracies involve structured
             linkages between citizens and political decision making
             elites that are typically organized via political parties.
             Given the economic and institutional instability and
             uncertainty in post‐communist emerging democracies, it has
             often been maintained that a structuring of party systems in
             such countries is slow to emerge. This paper demonstrates
             with data from a 1991 pre‐election study in Bulgaria that
             significant aspects of political structuring may in fact
             appear in post‐communist polities quite early. The
             structuring is based on citizens' individual resources which
             they expect to convert into economic benefits in the
             economic market economy, their market location in
             occupational terms, their general ideological dispositions,
             and their evaluation of the economic performance of the
             incumbent governments. While the structuring of party
             systems may still be weaker than in Western Europe, the
             Bulgarian evidence casts doubt on the tabula rasa hypothesis
             in the study of post‐communist politics. Of course,
             further comparative analysis of post‐communist democracies
             is required to buttress our conclusions. Copyright © 1995,
             Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1475-6765.1995.tb00633.x},
   Key = {fds291128}
}

@article{fds291127,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Austrian and Swedish Social Democrats in Crisis: Party
             Strategy and Organization in Corporatist
             Regimes},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {3-39},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1994},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414094027001001},
   Abstract = {Socialists and social democrats have probably nowhere been
             better entrenched than in Austria and Sweden. Yet in both
             countries, they have suffered electoral defeats in the 1980s
             and early 1990s, just as socialists in many other West
             European nations. Changes in class structure and the
             economic climate during socialist government incumbency do
             not satisfactorily explain socialist decline. Instead, this
             article focuses on the organizational structure of Austrian
             and Swedish social democracy to explain the parties'
             strategic immobility when faced with the new electoral
             challenges of free market liberalism and left-libertarian
             politics. Differences in the parties' organizational
             structure help to account for the respective timing of
             electoral crisis and the organizational reforms and new
             policy initiatives chosen in response to such crises. ©
             1994, SAGE Periodicals Press. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0010414094027001001},
   Key = {fds291127}
}

@misc{fds291003,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Technologiepolitik als Lernprozess},
   Pages = {391-425},
   Booktitle = {Staatsaufgaben},
   Publisher = {Baden-Baden: Nomos},
   Editor = {Grimm, D and cooperation, I and Hagenah, E},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds291003}
}

@misc{fds291004,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Los partidos socialistas en Europa occidental y el reto de
             la izquierda libertaria},
   Booktitle = {Entre la modernidad y el postmaterialismo: La
             Socialdemocracia europea a finales del siglo
             XX},
   Publisher = {Madrid: Alianza Universidad},
   Editor = {Markel, W},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds291004}
}

@article{fds291060,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Mats Sjölin, Coalition Politics and Parliamentary
             Power},
   Journal = {Politische Vierteljahresschriften, Pvs Literatur},
   Pages = {750-52},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds291060}
}

@book{fds291094,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Transformation of European Social Democracy},
   Publisher = {New York: Cambridge University Press},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds291094}
}

@article{fds291116,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Social Movements: Political Parties, and Democratic
             Theory},
   Journal = {The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social
             Science},
   Volume = {528},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {13-29},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1993},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716293528001002},
   Abstract = {New left-libertarian social movements invoke an ancient
             communitarian democratic theory against the contemporary
             practice of competitive elite democracy. Two explanations
             for this phenomenon are explored. First, in a cyclical
             model, challenges to representative democracy are viewed as
             recurring expressions of dissatisfaction with representative
             institutions. Second, in a structural differentiation model,
             the practices of left-libertarian movements trigger a
             pluralization of political decision modes in advanced
             capitalist democracies, even if such participatory
             innovations fall short of the direct democratic ideal
             expressed by movement activists. Although the cyclical model
             has some merit, on the whole, the structural differentiation
             model provides an analytically more powerful explanation of
             recent social movement activity. © 1993, SAGE Periodicals
             Press. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0002716293528001002},
   Key = {fds291116}
}

@article{fds291059,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Comparative historical research and rational choice theory:
             The case of transitions to democracy},
   Journal = {Theory and Society},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {413-427},
   Publisher = {Springer Nature},
   Year = {1993},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00993535},
   Doi = {10.1007/BF00993535},
   Key = {fds291059}
}

@misc{fds291002,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Green Phenomenon in Western Party Systems},
   Pages = {93-112},
   Booktitle = {Environmental Politics in the International Arena:
             Movements, Parties, Organization, and Policy},
   Publisher = {Albany: State University of New York Press},
   Editor = {Kamieniecki, S},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds291002}
}

@article{fds291056,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Joschim Raschke and cooperators, Die Grunen. Wie
             sie wurden, was sie sind},
   Journal = {Politische Vierteljahreschriften, Pvs Literatur},
   Pages = {766-8},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds291056}
}

@article{fds291057,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Ferdinand Müller-RommelGrüne, Parteien in
             Westeuropa},
   Journal = {Kölner Zeitschrift Für Soziologie Und Sozialpsychologie},
   Volume = {45},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {792-93},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds291057}
}

@article{fds291058,
   Author = {Raschke, J and cooperators},
   Title = {Die Grünen: Wie Sie wurden, was sie sind},
   Journal = {Politische Vierteljahresschriften, Pvs Literatur},
   Pages = {766-8},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds291058}
}

@book{fds291092,
   Author = {KAELBERER, M},
   Title = {THE GREENS IN WEST-GERMANY - ORGANIZATION AND POLICY MAKING
             - KOLINSKY,E},
   Volume = {25},
   Pages = {229-243},
   Publisher = {Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press},
   Year = {1993},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/422353},
   Doi = {10.2307/422353},
   Key = {fds291092}
}

@article{fds291101,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Structure or Process Driven Explanations of Political Regime
             Change? A Review Essay on Brooker, Faces of Fraternalism;
             DiPalma, To Craft Democracies; Huntington, The Third Wave;
             Luebbert, Liberalism, Fascism, or Social Democracy, and
             Rueschemeyer, Huber},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {1028-1034},
   Year = {1992},
   Month = {December},
   Key = {fds291101}
}

@article{fds291115,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {"The Formation of Party Systems in East Central
             Europe"},
   Journal = {Politics and Society},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {7-50},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1992},
   Month = {March},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0032329292020001003},
   Doi = {10.1177/0032329292020001003},
   Key = {fds291115}
}

@article{fds291055,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Frances Cox Piven(ed.), Labor Parties in
             Postindustrial Societies},
   Journal = {Contemporary Sociology},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {fds291055}
}

@article{fds291124,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The 1990 German Federal Election and National Unification: A
             Watershed in German Electoral History},
   Journal = {West European Politics},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {121-148},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {1991},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402389108424879},
   Abstract = {The December 1990 German election resulted in a dramatic
             weakening of the Social Democratic and Green opposition
             parties, a moderate strengthening of the government
             coalition, and a unprecedented low voter turnout. This
             article explains the electoral outcome in terms of the
             interpretive frames each party employed to address the issue
             of unification in the election campaign in light of their
             past voter appeals and stances on the German question.
             Within the Social Democratic and the Green left-libertarian
             discourse, it was particularly difficult to assign a
             meaningful role to the concept of the nation and national
             unification. © 1991, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All
             rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1080/01402389108424879},
   Key = {fds291124}
}

@article{fds291125,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Industrial governance Structures, innovation Strategies, and
             the case of Japan: Sectoral or cross-national comparative
             analysis?},
   Journal = {International Organization},
   Volume = {45},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {453-493},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1991},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002081830003318X},
   Doi = {10.1017/S002081830003318X},
   Key = {fds291125}
}

@misc{fds291000,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Resource Mobilization Theory: A Critique},
   Pages = {235-271},
   Booktitle = {Research on Social Movements: The State of the
             Art},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt, Main: Campus Verlag/Boulder, Colo.:
             Westview},
   Editor = {Gerdes, D and Rucht, D},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds291000}
}

@misc{fds291001,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Socialist Discourse and Party Strategy in West European
             Democracies},
   Pages = {191-228},
   Booktitle = {The Crisis of Socialism in Eastern and Western
             Europe},
   Publisher = {Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press},
   Editor = {Marks, G and Lemke, C},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds291001}
}

@article{fds291123,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Hellemans, S},
   Title = {The Left-Right Semantics and the New Politics
             Cleavage},
   Journal = {Comparative Political Studies},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {210-238},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414090023002003},
   Abstract = {Since the 1960s, political scientists have debated the
             continued relevance of the left-right vocabulary for
             structuring policy choices and party affiliation in the mass
             publics of modern democracies. With the rise of “new
             politics” and “left-libertarian” movements and parties
             that try to redefine the political agenda of advanced
             democracies this issue has gained additional interest. In
             this article we first present four theories about the
             decline, persistence, transformation, or pluralization of
             the meaning new politics activists give to the left-right
             language. Then we explore how new politics activists in the
             Belgian ecology parties Agalev and Ecolo construct the
             meaning of left and right. For ecology party militants, this
             terminology still has an economic meaning, yet also gains a
             cultural significance that relates to the choice between a
             modern, highly centralized, and differentiated society and
             efforts to create a postmodern, decentralized, and more
             communitarian social order. Thus our data support the
             argument of pluralization theory that the meaning of left
             and right becomes multidimensional. © 1990, SAGE
             PUBLICATIONS. All rights reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0010414090023002003},
   Key = {fds291123}
}

@article{fds291054,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Mobilizing for Peace, by Thomas Rochon; From
             Protest to Policy, by Pam Solo; and Against the Bomb, by
             Richard Taylor},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {84},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {701-703},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds291054}
}

@article{fds291053,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Elite Cadres and Party Coalitions, by Denise L.
             Bear and David A. Bositis, and When Parties Fall, by Kay
             Lawson and Peter H. Merkl, editors},
   Journal = {Journal of Politics},
   Volume = {52},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {317-320},
   Year = {1990},
   Month = {February},
   Key = {fds291053}
}

@misc{fds290998,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {New Social Movements and the Decline of Party
             Organization},
   Pages = {179-208},
   Booktitle = {Challenging the Political Order},
   Publisher = {New York: Oxford University Press},
   Editor = {Dalton, RJ and Keuechler, M},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds290998}
}

@misc{fds290999,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Medium is the Message: Democracy and Oligarchy in
             Belgian Ecology Parties},
   Pages = {82-114},
   Booktitle = {Green Politics I},
   Publisher = {Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press},
   Editor = {Rüdig, W},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds290999}
}

@article{fds291084,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {La gauche libertaire et les écologistes
             français},
   Journal = {Revue Française De Science Politique},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {339-365},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds291084}
}

@book{fds291093,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP and Hellemans, S},
   Title = {Beyond the European Left: Ideology and Political Action in
             the Belgian Ecology Parties},
   Publisher = {Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds291093}
}

@article{fds291114,
   Author = {Hellemans, S and Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Agalev en Ecolo als links-libertaire partjen: Of de
             partjpoltieke vertaling van een nieuwe breuklijn},
   Journal = {Res Publica},
   Volume = {32},
   Pages = {81-94},
   Year = {1990},
   Key = {fds291114}
}

@article{fds291122,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Internal Politics of Parties: The Law of Curvilinear
             Disparity Revisited},
   Journal = {Political Studies},
   Volume = {37},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {400-421},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {Fall},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1989.tb00279.x},
   Abstract = {One of the few efforts to link systemic and organizational
             determinants of party strategies is provided by what John
             May dubbed the ‘law of curvilinear disparity’. According
             to this law, voters, party activists and leaders have
             necessarily divergent political ideologies. These systematic
             differences are attributable to the activists’ motivations
             and the constraints of party competition. This paper argues
             that the law is empirically valid only under distinctive
             behavioural, organizational and institutional conditions,
             which are not specified in its general formulation. Thus,
             the law is only a special case in a broader theory
             reconstructing the interaction between constituencies,
             intra‐party politics and party competition. This
             alternative theory is partially tested with survey data from
             party activists in the Belgian ecology parties Agalev and
             Ecolo. Copyright © 1989, Wiley Blackwell. All rights
             reserved},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1467-9248.1989.tb00279.x},
   Key = {fds291122}
}

@article{fds291052,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Social Movements and Political Power, by Carl
             Boggs},
   Journal = {American Political Science Review},
   Volume = {83},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {316-317},
   Year = {1989},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {fds291052}
}

@article{fds291049,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of L’Ére des téchnocrates, by Jean-Claude
             Thoenig},
   Journal = {Organization Studies},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {120-121},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds291049}
}

@article{fds291050,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Grundzüge der Luhmannschen Systemtheorie, by
             Gabor Kiss},
   Journal = {Organization Studies},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {607-609},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds291050}
}

@article{fds291051,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Debate: The life expectancy of left-libertarian parties.
             Does structural transformation or economic decline explain
             party innovation? A response to wilhelm p.
             Bürklin},
   Journal = {European Sociological Review},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {155-160},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.esr.a036474},
   Doi = {10.1093/oxfordjournals.esr.a036474},
   Key = {fds291051}
}

@article{fds291120,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {The Rise of Left-libertarian Parties in Western Democracies:
             Explaining Innovation in Competitive Party
             Systems},
   Journal = {World Politics},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {194-234},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2010362},
   Doi = {10.2307/2010362},
   Key = {fds291120}
}

@article{fds291121,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Organization and Strategy in Belgian and West German Ecology
             Parties: A New Dynamic of Party Politics in Western
             Europe?},
   Journal = {Comparative Politics},
   Volume = {20},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {127-154},
   Year = {1988},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {fds291121}
}

@article{fds291119,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Four Theories of Public Policy-Making and Fast Breeder
             Reactor Development in France, the United States, and West
             Germany},
   Journal = {International Organization},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {65-104},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {Winter},
   Key = {fds291119}
}

@article{fds291118,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest:
             Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies},
   Journal = {British Journal of Political Science},
   Volume = {16},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {57-86},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {Spring},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s000712340000380x},
   Doi = {10.1017/s000712340000380x},
   Key = {fds291118}
}

@article{fds318551,
   Author = {Kitschelt, H},
   Title = {Four theories of public policy making and fast breeder
             reactor development},
   Journal = {International Organization},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {65-104},
   Publisher = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
   Year = {1986},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020818300004483},
   Doi = {10.1017/S0020818300004483},
   Key = {fds318551}
}

@article{fds291083,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Materiale Politisierung der Produktion: Gesellschaftliche
             Herausfordenungen und institutionellen Innocationen in
             fortgeschrittenen kapitalistischen Demokratien},
   Journal = {Zeitschrift Für Soziologie},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {188-208},
   Year = {1985},
   Month = {June},
   Key = {fds291083}
}

@misc{fds290997,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Zur Dynamik neuer sozialer Bewegungen in den USA: Strategien
             gesellschaftlichen Wandels und’American
             Exceptionalism},
   Pages = {248-306},
   Booktitle = {Neue soziale Bewegimgem im internationalen
             Vergleich},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag},
   Editor = {Brand, K-W},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds290997}
}

@article{fds291048,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of The Global Promise of Green Politics, by Charlene
             Spretnak and Fritjof Capra},
   Journal = {Theory and Society},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {535-533},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds291048}
}

@article{fds291113,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {New Social Movements in the United States and West
             Germany},
   Journal = {Political Power and Social Theory},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {273-324},
   Year = {1985},
   Key = {fds291113}
}

@article{fds291047,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review of Solidarité: Analyse d’un mouvement social, by
             Alain Touraine, François Dubet, Michel Wiewiorka and Jan
             Strzelecki},
   Journal = {Organization Studies},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {363-365},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds291047}
}

@book{fds291091,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Der ökologische Diskurs: Zur Wissenssoziologie der
             Energiekontroverse},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Year = {1984},
   Key = {fds291091}
}

@book{fds291090,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Politik und Energie: Eine vergleichende Untersuchung zur
             Energie-Technologiepolitik in den U.S.A. der Bundesrepublik,
             Frankreich und Schweden},
   Publisher = {Frankfurst, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds291090}
}

@article{fds291105,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Does Politics Matter? Zu Theorie und Empirie der
             vergleichenden Politikanalyse},
   Journal = {Sociologische Revue},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {349-354},
   Year = {1983},
   Key = {fds291105}
}

@misc{fds290996,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Der Zwischenbericht der Enquete-Kommission ’Zukünftige
             Kernenergiepolitik’: Stagnation oder Innovation in der
             politischen Ökonomie des westdeutschen Energiesektors?},
   Pages = {166-191},
   Booktitle = {JahrbuchTechnologie},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Editor = {Bechmann, M and Rammert, W},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds290996}
}

@article{fds291112,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Structures and Sequences of Nuclear Policy-making:
             Suggestions for a Comparative Perspective},
   Journal = {Political Power and Social Theory},
   Volume = {13},
   Pages = {271-308},
   Year = {1982},
   Key = {fds291112}
}

@misc{fds290995,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Parlamentarismus und ökologische Opposition},
   Pages = {97-120},
   Booktitle = {Parlamentarisches Ritual und politische Alternativen},
   Publisher = {Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds290995}
}

@article{fds291081,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Ökonomie, Politik und Ökologie: Bemerkungen über jüngste
             Studien zur Energiepolitik in den USA},
   Journal = {Leviathan},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {391-429},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds291081}
}

@article{fds291082,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Moralisches Argumentieren und Sozialtheorie: Prozedurale
             Ethik bei John Rawls und Jürgen Habermas},
   Journal = {Archiv Für Rechts Und Sozialphilosophie},
   Volume = {66},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {391-429},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds291082}
}

@book{fds291089,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Kernerenergiepolitik: Arena eines gesellschaftlichen
             Konflikts},
   Publisher = {Frankfurst, Main: Campus Verlag},
   Year = {1980},
   Key = {fds291089}
}

@article{fds291046,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Review essay of What Does the Ruling Class Do When It
             Rules?, by Göran Therborn},
   Journal = {Kapitalistate},
   Volume = {7},
   Pages = {153-166},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds291046}
}

@article{fds291108,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {'Rechtsstaatlichkeit': Zur Theorie des Wandels rechtlicher
             Programmierungsformen im Staat der bürgerlichen
             Gesellschaft},
   Journal = {Demokratie Und Recht},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {287-314},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds291108}
}

@article{fds291109,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Justizapparate als Konfliktlösungsinstanz? Das Beispiel
             Kernenergie},
   Journal = {Demokratie Und Recht},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {3-22},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds291109}
}

@article{fds291110,
   Author = {Wiesenthal, HPKWH},
   Title = {Organization and Mass Action in the Political Works of Rosa
             Luxemburg},
   Journal = {Politics and Society},
   Volume = {9},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {152-202},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1979},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/003232928000900202},
   Doi = {10.1177/003232928000900202},
   Key = {fds291110}
}

@article{fds291111,
   Author = {Kitschelt, HP},
   Title = {Kernenergie und politischer Konflikt: Gesellschaftliche
             Folgen kapitalistischer Technologieentwicklung},
   Journal = {Leviathan},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {598-628},
   Year = {1979},
   Key = {fds291111}
}


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