Announcements

The Duke International Travel Policy is now available online.

The Travel Policy is in effect as of January 22, 2008.

https://eruditio.aas.duke.edu/international/

News and Events

View the latest International News and Events on the Duke International homepage

Duke International Faculty Database

Explore the range of faculty engagement with world regions and global issues by browsing the Faculty Database System or by searching for particular keywords (major world area, country, research topic, etc).

While the Duke International website strives to provide a comprehensive listing of Duke faculty with international research interests, you may also find additional information by exploring school-specific faculty listings


Publications of Lee D. Baker    :chronological  by type listing:

%%    
@misc{fds237539,
   Author = {Baker, L},
   Title = {"Anthropology, History of."},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {93-97},
   Booktitle = {Encyclopedia of Race and Racism},
   Publisher = {Macmillan Reference USA},
   Editor = {Moore, JH},
   Year = {2008},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237539}
}

@misc{fds52562,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {2006 Black Faculty at Duke, The State of Things, WUNC
             National Public Radio June 15},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://wunc.org/tsot/archive/sot061506b.mp3/view},
   Key = {fds52562}
}

@misc{fds52561,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {2006 Defining Crime, The State of Things, WUNC National
             Public Radio July 29},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {July},
   url = {http://wunc.org/tsot/archive/sot062906a.mp3/view},
   Key = {fds52561}
}

@article{fds237577,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries and
             Reflections. George W. Stocking, Jr.},
   Journal = {Journal of Anthropological Research},
   Volume = {59},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {252-253},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {July},
   ISSN = {0091-7710},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000184232500007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1086/jar.59.2.3631643},
   Key = {fds237577}
}

@article{fds237579,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Rethinking Race: Franz Boas and His Contemporaries.Vernon
             J. Williams, Jr.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Sociology},
   Volume = {102},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {909-910},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {November},
   ISSN = {0002-9602},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1996VX37800031&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1086/231023},
   Key = {fds237579}
}

@article{fds237593,
   Author = {BAKER, LD},
   Title = {A Model Approach for Studying Race: Provocative Theory,
             Sound Science, and Very Good History:The Problem of Race in
             the Twenty-First Century.;Race in Mind: Race, IQ, and Other
             Racisms.;The Funding of Scientific Racism: Wickliffe Draper
             and the Pioneer Fund.},
   Journal = {American Anthropologist},
   Volume = {106},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {168-172},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0002-7294},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000220201100015&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1525/aa.2004.106.1.168},
   Key = {fds237593}
}

@article{fds237565,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Affirmative Action and Anthropological Research},
   Journal = {Anthropology News},
   Volume = {44},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {5-5},
   Year = {2003},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://www.aaanet.org/press/an/infocus/0310_bakeraffirmativeaction.htm},
   Abstract = {2003 Affirmative Action and Anthropological Research.
             Anthropology News (October) 44(7):8.},
   Key = {fds237565}
}

@inbook{fds237570,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Afrocentricty and the American Dream},
   Pages = {224-35},
   Booktitle = {Dispatches From the Ebony Tower: Intellectuals Confront the
             African American Experience},
   Publisher = {Columbia University Press},
   Editor = {Marable, M},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://ca-www.aas.duke.edu/pdfs/baker3.pdf},
   Key = {fds237570}
}

@article{fds237552,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {America’s Intractable ’Race Problem’},
   Journal = {Chronicle of Higher Education},
   Number = {B4},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds237552}
}

@book{fds237576,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Anthropology and the Racial Politics of Culture},
   Publisher = {Duke University Press},
   Year = {2010},
   Key = {fds237576}
}

@article{fds327580,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Black women in the ivory tower, 1850–1954: An intellectual
             history by stephanie y. evans},
   Journal = {Souls},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {179-187},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10999940802115518},
   Doi = {10.1080/10999940802115518},
   Key = {fds327580}
}

@article{fds237584,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Black Women in the Ivory Tower, Womanism, and Segregated
             Scholars},
   Journal = {Souls: a Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and
             Soceity},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {179-187},
   Year = {2008},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker37.pdf},
   Key = {fds237584}
}

@misc{fds237540,
   Author = {Baker, L},
   Title = {Boas, Franz},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {344-346},
   Booktitle = {International Encyclopedia of the Social
             Sciences},
   Publisher = {Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA},
   Editor = {William A Darity and J},
   Year = {2008},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237540}
}

@article{fds15579,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Columbia University's Franz Boas: He Led the Undoing of
             Scientific Racism},
   Journal = {Journal of Blacks in Higher Education},
   Volume = {22},
   Number = {Winter},
   Pages = {89-96},
   Year = {1999},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker16.pdf},
   Abstract = {1999 Columbia University's Franz Boas: He Led the Undoing of
             Scientific Racism Journal of Blacks in Higher Education.
             Vol. 22 (Winter):89-96.},
   Key = {fds15579}
}

@article{fds237561,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Columbia University's Franz Boas: He led the undoing of
             scientific racism},
   Journal = {Journal of Blacks in Higher Education},
   Number = {22},
   Pages = {89-96},
   Publisher = {JSTOR},
   Year = {1998},
   ISSN = {1077-3711},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000078162700046&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.2307/2998850},
   Key = {fds237561}
}

@article{fds237560,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Commitment to Scientific Truth},
   Journal = {Anthropology Newsletter},
   Volume = {40},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {2-2},
   Year = {1999},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds237560}
}

@article{fds237573,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Cultural Creolization and the Constitution of Ethnicity
             Amongst Aboriginal Professionals in Dampierland, Western
             Australia, In Foragers in Context: Long Term, Regional and
             Historical Perspectives in Hunter-Gatherer
             Studies},
   Journal = {Michigan Discussions in Anthropology},
   Volume = {10},
   Pages = {17-29},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds237573}
}

@article{fds237599,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Daniel G. Brinton's success on the road to obscurity,
             1890-99.},
   Journal = {Cultural Anthropology},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {394-423},
   Year = {2000},
   Month = {January},
   ISSN = {0886-7356},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000171029400003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1525/can.2000.15.3.394},
   Key = {fds237599}
}

@article{fds237547,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Doing the Right Thing in Anthropology},
   Journal = {Teaching Anthropology},
   Volume = {92},
   Pages = {14-14},
   Year = {1991},
   Key = {fds237547}
}

@article{fds237550,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {For Whom the Bell Curve Tolls: Poverty &
             Power},
   Journal = {Voice of Black Studies},
   Volume = {19},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {5-6},
   Year = {1995},
   Key = {fds237550}
}

@article{fds237551,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {For Whom The Bell Curve Tolls: Power, Money, and
             Multiculturalism},
   Journal = {Identities},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {443-445},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1070289X.1995.9962522},
   Doi = {10.1080/1070289X.1995.9962522},
   Key = {fds237551}
}

@article{fds237531,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Franz Boas and his “Conspiracy” to Destroy the White
             Race},
   Journal = {American Philosophical Society Proceedings},
   Volume = {154},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {8-18},
   Year = {2010},
   Abstract = {Papers from the Symposium: Cultural Subjects and Objects:
             The Legacy of Franz Boas and Its Futures in Anthropology,
             Academe, and Human Rights.},
   Key = {fds237531}
}

@article{fds237592,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Franz Boas out of the Ivory Tower},
   Journal = {Anthropological Theory},
   Volume = {4},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {29-51},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker20.pdf},
   Abstract = {Although the idea that Franz Boas was a public intellectual
             is widely embraced, there is nothing written that
             specifically addresses the way he initially got pushed,
             pulled, or better yet, dragged into the public debates on
             race, racism, nationalism, and war - the issues for which he
             used anthropology in public arenas. In this article, I seek
             to accomplish three tasks: first, to highlight how Franz
             Boas and his work got pulled into the public arena; second,
             to assess the impact of Boas' work as a public intellectual;
             and finally, to discuss the ways Boas' writing and research
             a century ago is being deployed, appropriated, and used in
             today's public arenas. Copyright © 2004 SAGE
             Publications.},
   Doi = {10.1177/1463499604040846},
   Key = {fds237592}
}

@misc{fds237533,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Frederic Ward Putnam},
   Pages = {5-9},
   Booktitle = {Celebrating a Century of the American Anthropological
             Assocaition: Presidential Portraits},
   Publisher = {Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press},
   Editor = {Darnell, R and Gleach, FW},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds237533}
}

@article{fds359671,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {From Boas to Black Power: Racism, Liberalism, and American
             AnthropologyMarkAnderson. Stanford, CA: Stanford University
             Press, 2019. ix + 262 pp. (Cloth US$90, Paper $28.00,
             E‐Book $15.12)},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {28},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {184-185},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2020},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/traa.12181},
   Doi = {10.1111/traa.12181},
   Key = {fds359671}
}

@article{fds331372,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {From Cannibal to Animal: Contextualizing the Image on the
             Cover},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {41-46},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1994},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/tran.1994.5.1-2.41},
   Doi = {10.1525/tran.1994.5.1-2.41},
   Key = {fds331372}
}

@article{fds237549,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {From Cannibal to Animal: Exhibiting Ota Benga},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {36-36},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds237549}
}

@book{fds237575,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of
             Race, 1896-1954},
   Publisher = {University of California Press},
   Year = {1998},
   url = {http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/8056.html},
   Abstract = {Lee D. Baker explores what racial categories mean to the
             American public and how these meanings are reinforced by
             anthropology, popular culture, and the law. Focusing on the
             period between two landmark Supreme Court decisions–
             Plessy v. Ferguson (the so-called "separate but equal"
             doctrine established in 1896) and Brown v. Board of
             Education (the public school desegregation decision of
             1954)–Baker shows how racial categories change over time.
             Baker paints a vivid picture of the relationships between
             specific African American and white scholars, who
             orchestrated a paradigm shift within the social sciences
             from ideas based on Social Darwinism to those based on
             cultural relativism. He demonstrates that the greatest
             impact on the way the law codifies racial differences has
             been made by organizations such as the NAACP, which
             skillfully appropriated the new social science to exploit
             the politics of the Cold War.},
   Key = {fds237575}
}

@article{fds346698,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {From the President},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {27},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {80},
   Year = {2019},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/traa.12158},
   Doi = {10.1111/traa.12158},
   Key = {fds346698}
}

@misc{fds237568,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Hate Crime, Plain and Simple},
   Journal = {Durham Herald Sun},
   Pages = {A6-A6},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {June},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237568}
}

@misc{fds329096,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Herskovits and the Heart of Blackness (Consultant)},
   Publisher = {California Newsreel},
   Year = {2009},
   Key = {fds329096}
}

@article{fds320555,
   Author = {Baker, LD and Canada, T},
   Title = {Is it Worth it? Science Education of the Talented
             2%},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {116-124},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/traa.12037},
   Abstract = {This essay critiques mismatch theory in science education, a
             theory supported by opponents of affirmative action who
             strive to derail efforts to diversify institutions of higher
             education. Can high-achieving students survive and thrive in
             an academic environment dominated by their super
             high-achieving peers? Our research suggests that while there
             are a variety of nuanced factors that impact an
             undergraduate's success in certain majors, students of all
             backgrounds can excel at highly selective universities,
             given the proper resources and support.},
   Doi = {10.1111/traa.12037},
   Key = {fds320555}
}

@misc{fds237543,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {It Helps to Understand the Pressures on Marshall},
   Journal = {The Raleigh News and Observer},
   Year = {1996},
   Key = {fds237543}
}

@book{fds305964,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Life in America: Identity and Everyday Experience},
   Publisher = {BLACKWELL PUBLISHING},
   Editor = {Baker, LD},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/book.asp?ref=140510564X&site=1},
   Abstract = {Life in America: Identity and Everyday Experience is a
             fascinating collection of readings that explores how people
             negotiate identity in the United States today. Brings
             together readings that provide a thoroughly engaging and
             fascinating look at central issues of identity and what it
             means to be American. Explores the tension between identity
             and identification to help readers begin to understand how
             people creatively confront the perks and perils of identity
             in the United States. Offers a look at a wide range of
             subjects including: violence and video games, queer
             pilgrimages to San Francisco, Filipina critiques of
             "sleeping around," and the significance of "lowriders" in
             Hispano/Chicano culture.},
   Key = {fds305964}
}

@article{fds237586,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Mad or Meditative in Maricopa},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {129-131},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1548-7466},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker30.pdf},
   Key = {fds237586}
}

@misc{fds303210,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Mad or Meditative in Maricopa},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {129-132},
   Publisher = {American Anthropological Association},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {October},
   ISSN = {1548-7466},
   Key = {fds303210}
}

@misc{fds329095,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Meet Lee Baker, The State of Things, WUNC National Public
             Radio},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds329095}
}

@article{fds237578,
   Author = {BAKER, LD},
   Title = {Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of
             Knowledge},
   Journal = {American Anthropologist},
   Volume = {107},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {524-525},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {September},
   ISSN = {0002-7294},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000231919100042&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1525/aa.2005.107.3.524},
   Key = {fds237578}
}

@article{fds237590,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Message from the President},
   Journal = {North American Dialogue},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {4},
   Year = {2004},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker23.pdf},
   Key = {fds237590}
}

@article{fds237583,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Mission Improbable and the Possible Mission},
   Journal = {Anthropology News},
   Volume = {49},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {7-8},
   Year = {2008},
   url = {http://www.aaanet.org/pdf/upload/49-2-Lee-Baker-In-Focus.pdf},
   Key = {fds237583}
}

@misc{fds237534,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Missionary Positions.},
   Pages = {Pp. 37-54.},
   Booktitle = {Globalization and RaceTransformations in the Cultural
             Production of Blackness.},
   Publisher = {Duke University Press},
   Editor = {Clarke, KM and Thomas, DA},
   Year = {2006},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237534}
}

@article{fds237587,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Naming Moments Properly.},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-2},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237587}
}

@article{fds237558,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {New Directions in the History of United States
             Anthropology},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {71-74},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds237558}
}

@article{fds237581,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Notes on “Post-Racial” Society},
   Journal = {North American Dialogue},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {1-5},
   Publisher = {Newsletter of the Society for the Anthropology of North
             America},
   Year = {2010},
   Key = {fds237581}
}

@article{fds237548,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Ota Benga, Story of A Tragic Travesty},
   Journal = {Teaching Anthropology},
   Volume = {5},
   Pages = {21-22},
   Year = {1993},
   Key = {fds237548}
}

@article{fds237557,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Over a Cliff or into a Brick Wall: Political and Policy
             Implications of Racial Categories},
   Journal = {Anthropology Newsletter},
   Volume = {39},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {16-17},
   Year = {1998},
   Key = {fds237557}
}

@misc{fds237529,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Parental involvement on display at W.G. Pearson},
   Journal = {Durham Herald Sun},
   Number = {Dec 7 A4},
   Year = {2006},
   Key = {fds237529}
}

@article{fds237591,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Profit, Power, and Privilege: The Racial Politics of
             Ancestry},
   Journal = {Souls: a Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture and
             Society},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {66-72},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {2001 Profit, Power, and Privilege: The Racial Politics of
             Ancestry. Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics,
             Culture, & Soceity 3(4):66-72.},
   Key = {fds237591}
}

@misc{fds237541,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Race and Class},
   Journal = {New York Times},
   Year = {1992},
   Key = {fds237541}
}

@article{fds237553,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Race and the American Agenda, part 1. The Anthropology of
             The Affirmative Action Debate},
   Journal = {Anthropology Newsletter},
   Volume = {16},
   Year = {1995},
   Month = {September},
   Key = {fds237553}
}

@article{fds237555,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Race and the American Agenda, part II. Clarence Thomas’
             Re-invention of Anthropology},
   Journal = {Anthropology Newsletter},
   Pages = {18-19},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {January},
   Key = {fds237555}
}

@article{fds237595,
   Author = {Baker, LD and Patterson, TC},
   Title = {Race, Racism, and the History of U.S. Anthropology},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1-7},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1994},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker15.pdf},
   Abstract = {Baker, Lee D. and Thomas C. Patterson 1994 Race, Racism, and
             the History of U.S. Anthropology. Transforming Anthropology
             (5)1:1-7.},
   Doi = {10.1525/tran.1994.5.1-2.1},
   Key = {fds237595}
}

@misc{fds237532,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Racism in Professional Settings: Forms of Address as Clues
             to Power Relations},
   Pages = {115-132},
   Booktitle = {Race & Ideology: Language, Symbolism, and Popular
             Culture},
   Publisher = {Detroit: Wayne State University Press},
   Editor = {Spears, AK},
   Year = {1999},
   Key = {fds237532}
}

@article{fds237598,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Racism in Professional Settings: Forms of Address as Clues
             to Power Relations},
   Journal = {Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences},
   Volume = {31},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {186-201},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {1995},
   url = {http://ca-www.aas.duke.edu/pdfs/baker5.pdf},
   Abstract = {Since the Reagan administration, commitments to affirmative
             action programs have waned precipitously, inner cities have
             been decimated, high-paying manufacturing jobs have been
             replaced by high-tech service sector jobs, and a burgeoning
             Black middle class has developed; yet racial inequality
             persists. Although great strides have been made, people of
             color still confront racism in various arenas. One of the
             most difficult areas in which to identify subtle but
             pernicious forms of racism is professional office settings.
             This article explores how power relations are signified by
             subtle cultural rules. Specifically, it demonstrates how the
             cultural rules used by co-workers to address each other
             emerge as a way of articulating interethnic power relations
             in office settings. The research concludes that even the
             best efforts to diversify the workforce of an organization
             often perpetuate racial inequality because members of
             various ethnic groups are still under-represented in the top
             management positions. © 1995, Sage Publications. All rights
             reserved.},
   Doi = {10.1177/0021886395312006},
   Key = {fds237598}
}

@misc{fds237537,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Racism, risk, and the new color of dirty
             jobs},
   Pages = {140-159},
   Booktitle = {The Insecure American: How We Got Here and What We Should Do
             about It},
   Publisher = {University of California Press},
   Editor = {Hugh Gusterson and Catherine Besteman},
   Year = {2009},
   Month = {November},
   ISBN = {9780520259690},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker39.pdf},
   Abstract = {.},
   Key = {fds237537}
}

@article{fds237556,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Reflections in the National Mirror},
   Journal = {Anthropology Newsletter},
   Volume = {1},
   Pages = {6-6},
   Year = {1996},
   Month = {February},
   Key = {fds237556}
}

@article{fds237600,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Research, Reform, and Racial Uplift: The Mission of the
             Hampton Folklore Society 1893-1899},
   Journal = {History of Anthropology},
   Volume = {9},
   Pages = {42-80},
   Publisher = {University of Wisconsin Press},
   Year = {2002},
   url = {http://ca-www.aas.duke.edu/pdfs/baker1.pdf},
   Key = {fds237600}
}

@article{fds237597,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Response to 'Philosophical Aspects of the "AAA Statement on
             'Race' "},
   Journal = {Anthropological Theory},
   Volume = {1},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {467-471},
   Publisher = {SAGE Publications},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker10.pdf},
   Abstract = {2001 Response to 'Philosophical Aspects of the "AAA
             Statement on 'Race' " Anthropological Theory Vol. 1(4)467-
             471.},
   Doi = {10.1177/14634990122228845},
   Key = {fds237597}
}

@article{fds237589,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Rethinking Black Studies: You Can't Do That With Out
             Organization},
   Journal = {Souls a Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and
             Society},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {(3/4)},
   Pages = {36-40},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {November},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker22.pdf},
   Key = {fds237589}
}

@article{fds237562,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of African-American Pioneers in Anthropology, edited
             Faye V. Harrison and Ira E. Harrison},
   Journal = {American Anthropologist},
   Volume = {102},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {368-370},
   Year = {2000},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {2000 Review of African-American Pioneers in Anthropology,
             edited Faye V. Harrison and Ira E. Harrison. American
             Anthropologist 102(2):368-370.},
   Key = {fds237562}
}

@article{fds237564,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries and
             Reflections. George W. Stocking, Jr.},
   Journal = {Journal of Anthropological Research},
   Volume = {59},
   Pages = {252-253},
   Year = {2003},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {2003 Review of Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries
             and Reflections. George W. Stocking, Jr. Journal of
             Anthropological Research 59:252-253.},
   Key = {fds237564}
}

@article{fds303212,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of
             Knowledge by Jerry Gershenhorn.},
   Journal = {American Anthropologist},
   Volume = {107},
   Pages = {524-525},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://www.duke.ed/},
   Key = {fds303212}
}

@article{fds237566,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of Racism: A Short History by George M.
             Fredrickson},
   Journal = {New West Indian Guide},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {1&2},
   Pages = {125-126},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {Fall},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237566}
}

@article{fds237554,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of Rethinking Race: Franz Boaz and His
             Contemporaries, by Vernon J. Williams, Jr.},
   Journal = {American Journal of Sociology},
   Volume = {102},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {909-910},
   Year = {1996},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {1996 Review of Rethinking Race: Franz Boaz and His
             Contemporaries, by Vernon J. Williams, Jr. American Journal
             of Sociology 102(3):909-910.},
   Key = {fds237554}
}

@article{fds237559,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of The Roots of African American Identity: Memory and
             History in Free Antebellum Communities, by Elizabeth Rauh
             Bethel},
   Journal = {Social Forces},
   Volume = {78},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {372-374},
   Year = {1999},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {1999 Review of The Roots of African American Identity:
             Memory and History in Free Antebellum Communities, by
             Elizabeth Rauh Bethel. Social Forces 78(1)372-374.},
   Key = {fds237559}
}

@article{fds237580,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of The social sciences and theories of
             race},
   Journal = {The Journal of the Royal Anthropological
             Institute},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {234-235},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {1359-0987},
   url = {http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000252965000044&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=47d3190e77e5a3a53558812f597b0b92},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1467-9655.2007.00485_31.x},
   Key = {fds237580}
}

@article{fds329097,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Review of The Social Sciences and Theories of Race by Vernon
             J. Williams, Jr.},
   Journal = {Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {234-235},
   Year = {2008},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker38.pdf},
   Key = {fds329097}
}

@article{fds237530,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Risk Avoidance and Transfer: Thoughts on New Directions for
             Africana Studies},
   Journal = {International Journal of Africana Studies},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {66-70},
   Year = {2008},
   ISSN = {1056-8689},
   Key = {fds237530}
}

@misc{fds237542,
   Author = {Phillips, LD and Baker, LD},
   Title = {Roots of Reform},
   Journal = {The Atlanta Journal},
   Year = {1994},
   Key = {fds237542}
}

@misc{fds237536,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Saggin’ and Braggin’},
   Pages = {46-59},
   Booktitle = {Anthropology Off the Shelf: Anthropologists on
             Writing},
   Publisher = {WILEY-BLACKWELL},
   Editor = {Waterston, A and Vesperi, M},
   Year = {2009},
   ISBN = {9781405189200},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {2009 Saggin’ and Braggin’ In Anthropology Off the Shelf:
             Anthropologists on Writing. Alisse Waterston & Maria
             Vesperi, eds. Pp. 46-59 London: Wiley-Blackwell},
   Doi = {10.1002/9781444308822.ch5},
   Key = {fds237536}
}

@article{fds237574,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Savage Inequality: Anthropology in the Erosion of the
             Fifteenth Amendment},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {5},
   Number = {1-2},
   Pages = {28-33},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {1994},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/tran.1994.5.1-2.28},
   Doi = {10.1525/tran.1994.5.1-2.28},
   Key = {fds237574}
}

@article{fds348871,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Seizing the time: Transforming anthropology at a
             crossroads},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {18},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {116-119},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-7466.2010.01087.x},
   Doi = {10.1111/j.1548-7466.2010.01087.x},
   Key = {fds348871}
}

@misc{fds303211,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Signing Off},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {95-96},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds303211}
}

@misc{fds237572,
   Author = {Baker, L},
   Title = {Signing Off},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {95-96},
   Year = {2007},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237572}
}

@misc{fds237535,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Speaking of Anthropological Theory},
   Booktitle = {A History of Anthropological Theory},
   Publisher = {Broadview Press.},
   Editor = {Erickson, PA and Murphy, LD},
   Year = {2008},
   Key = {fds237535}
}

@article{fds237588,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Taking the Plunge and Seizing the Time- -Again},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {75-78},
   Publisher = {American Anthropological Association},
   Year = {2005},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237588}
}

@misc{fds237571,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {The Color Blind Bind},
   Pages = {103-19},
   Booktitle = {Cultural Diversity in the United States},
   Publisher = {Malden, MA: Blackwell Press},
   Editor = {Susser, I and Patterson, TC},
   Year = {2001},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237571}
}

@article{fds237582,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {The cult of Franz Boas and his "conspiracy" to destroy the
             white race.},
   Journal = {Proceedings of the American Philosophical
             Society},
   Volume = {154},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {8-18},
   Year = {2010},
   Month = {March},
   ISSN = {0003-049X},
   url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20695237},
   Key = {fds237582}
}

@misc{fds237538,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {The Location of Franz Boas within the African-American
             Struggle [reprint]},
   Pages = {111-129},
   Booktitle = {Franz Boas: Kultur, Sprache, Rasse.},
   Publisher = {Wien, LIT Verlag.},
   Editor = {Pöhl, F and Tilg, B},
   Year = {2009},
   Abstract = {2009 The Location of Franz Boas within the African-American
             Struggle. In Franz Boas: Kultur, Sprache, Rasse. Friedrich
             Pöhl & Bernhard Tilg, eds. Pp. 111-129. Wege einer
             antirassistischen Anthropologie, Wien, LIT
             Verlag.},
   Key = {fds237538}
}

@article{fds359810,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {The Racist Anti-Racism of American Anthropology},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {29},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {127-142},
   Year = {2021},
   Month = {October},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/traa.12222},
   Abstract = {In 1909 Franz Boas conducted a massive study entitled
             Changes in Bodily Forms of Descendants of Immigrants. In
             this study, he demonstrated that Eastern and Southern
             European immigrants to the United States were not racially
             different from other Europeans because of what he called
             “the marvelous power of amalgamation.” Boas’s study
             dealt a blow to scientific racism because he demonstrated
             the plasticity and instability of racial types. Boas chose
             to emphasize the enormous gulf between the white and
             non-white races. His research and advocacy were anti-racist,
             but the way he promoted assimilation was racist. The next
             year W.E.B. Du Bois invited Boas to give the final lecture
             at the conference where the National Association for the
             Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was officially
             incorporated. Boas presented “The Real Race Problem,” in
             which he argued that the real problem was the “difference
             in type.” To solve it, the Negro needed to amalgamate by
             “encouraging the gradual process of lightening up this
             large body of people by the influx of white blood.”
             American anthropologists joined other Progressive Era
             reformers committed to assimilation, like the orphan train
             and Indian boarding school movements. They were each
             striving to be anti-racist but went off the rails,
             contributing to the consolidation of whiteness and the
             perpetuation of racism.},
   Doi = {10.1111/traa.12222},
   Key = {fds359810}
}

@misc{fds44424,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {The Real Massacre ain't 50s},
   Journal = {Pop and Politics},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://www.popandpolitics.com/articles_detail.cfm?articleID=1492},
   Key = {fds44424}
}

@article{fds237585,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Thinking Through Genre},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {1},
   Publisher = {American Anthropological Association},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {April},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/documents/baker28.pdf},
   Key = {fds237585}
}

@misc{fds140983,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Transforming Anthroplogy},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {2},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds140983}
}

@misc{fds44450,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Transforming Anthroplogy},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2005},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds44450}
}

@misc{fds140984,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {2},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds140984}
}

@misc{fds329098,
   Author = {Baker, L},
   Title = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {15},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2007},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds329098}
}

@misc{fds52560,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {2},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {October},
   Key = {fds52560}
}

@misc{fds47084,
   Author = {L.D. Baker},
   Title = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {14},
   Number = {1},
   Year = {2006},
   Month = {April},
   Key = {fds47084}
}

@article{fds340586,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Truth's Fool: Derek Freeman and the War over Cultural
             Anthropology by Peter Hempenstall Madison: University of
             Wisconsin Press, 2017. 321 pp.},
   Journal = {American Anthropologist},
   Volume = {120},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {621-622},
   Publisher = {WILEY},
   Year = {2018},
   Month = {September},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aman.13063},
   Doi = {10.1111/aman.13063},
   Key = {fds340586}
}

@article{fds237563,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Uncommon Ground: From Pastures to Protest},
   Journal = {Update: the Newsletter of the African Burial Ground
             Project},
   Volume = {3},
   Number = {5},
   Pages = {4-5},
   Year = {2001},
   Key = {fds237563}
}

@article{fds237596,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Unraveling the Boasian Discourse: The Racial Politics of
             "Culture" in School Desegregation, 1944-1954.},
   Journal = {Transforming Anthropology},
   Volume = {7},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {15-32},
   Year = {1998},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Abstract = {1998 Unraveling the Boasian Discourse: The Racial Politics
             of "Culture" in School Desegregation, 1944-1954.
             Transforming Anthropology 7:(1)15-32.},
   Key = {fds237596}
}

@article{fds323644,
   Author = {Handler, R and Bashkow, I and Solway, J and Baker, LD and Schrempp,
             G},
   Title = {Voicing the ancestors: Readings in memory of George
             Stocking},
   Journal = {Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {3},
   Pages = {367-386},
   Publisher = {University of Chicago Press},
   Year = {2016},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.14318/hau6.3.023},
   Abstract = {In this Forum, four anthropologists have chosen an
             "ancestral" figure to give voice to. Anthropologists'
             ancestors are generally teachers, mentors, or, less
             proximally, canonized scholars of prior generations.
             Anthropologists draw on their ancestors for theoretical
             wisdom and practical guidance. Yet ancestors are not always
             shared broadly across our discipline, and they can easily
             fall into oblivion. Giving voice to them, publicly, allows
             each contributor to comment on an important scholar and
             invites readers to renew their acquaintance with
             disciplinary ghosts who still have much to teach
             us.},
   Doi = {10.14318/hau6.3.023},
   Key = {fds323644}
}

@misc{fds237569,
   Author = {Baker, L},
   Title = {W.G. Pearson’s Uniforms about Distinction},
   Journal = {Durham Herald Sun},
   Volume = {Nov},
   Number = {21},
   Pages = {A22-A22},
   Year = {2007},
   url = {http://www.duke.edu/},
   Key = {fds237569}
}

@article{fds327581,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {When the “good one” is “baaad”: Modern racism in
             john singleton’s shaft},
   Journal = {Souls},
   Volume = {10},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {165-178},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2008},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10999940802115526},
   Abstract = {John Singleton's 2001 version of the blaxploitation film
             Shaft reinterprets this iconic representation of Black
             masculinity within an explicit and self-conscious treatment
             of the problem of racism. The film moves from a powerfully
             counter-stereotypical opening scene into a nominal
             indictment of racism that ultimately reinstates overtly
             racist stereotypes and privileges racist viewpoints. This
             paradoxical, multivalent representation of race marks an
             expansion of the trope of “modern racism”: an expansion
             that articulates with neo-liberal discourses of race. ©
             2008 The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New
             York.},
   Doi = {10.1080/10999940802115526},
   Key = {fds327581}
}

@misc{fds237544,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {Why Students Get A’s},
   Journal = {New York Times},
   Year = {2002},
   Key = {fds237544}
}

@article{fds327582,
   Author = {Baker, LD},
   Title = {You can’t do that without organization},
   Journal = {Souls},
   Volume = {6},
   Number = {3-4},
   Pages = {36-40},
   Publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
   Year = {2004},
   Month = {January},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10999940490881964},
   Doi = {10.1080/10999940490881964},
   Key = {fds327582}
}