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Roberto Cabeza, Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience and Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Geriatric Behavioral Health and Affiliate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society and Member of Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Faculty Network Member of Duke Institute for Brain Sciences and Faculty Research Scholar of DuPRI's Center for Population Health & Aging and Affilia

Roberto Cabeza

Research Summary:
My laboratory investigates the neural correlates of memory and cognition in young and older adults using fMRI. We have three main lines of research: First, we distinguish the neural correlates of various episodic memory processes. For example, we have compared encoding vs. retrieval, item vs. source memory, recall vs. recognition, true vs. false memory, and emotional vs. nonemotional memory. We are particularly interested in the contribution of prefrontal cortex (PFC) and medial temporal lobe (MTL) subregions and their interactions. Second, we investigate similarities and differences between the neural correlates of episodic memory and other memory and cognitive functions (working, semantic, implicit, and procedural memory; attention; perception, etc.). The main goal of this cross-functional approach is to understand the contributions of brain regions shared by different cognitive functions. Finally, in both episodic memory and cross-function studies, we also examine the effects of healthy and pathological aging. Regarding episodic memory, we have linked processes differentially affected by aging (e.g., item vs. source memory, recall vs. recognition) to the effects of aging on specific PFC and MTL subregions. Regarding cross-function comparisons, we identify age-related changes in activity that are common to various functions. For example, we have found an age-related increase in bilaterality that occurs for many functions (memory, attention, language, perception, and motor) and is associated with functional compensation.


Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience

Representative Publications:   (More Publications)   (search)

  1. PL St Jacques, F Dolcos and R Cabeza (2009). Effects of aging on functional connectivity of the amygdala for subsequent memory of negative pictures: a network analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data.. Psychol Sci, 20(1), 74-84. [19152542], [doi]  [abs]
  2. SW Davis, NA Dennis, NG Buchler, LE White, DJ Madden and R Cabeza (2009). Assessing the effects of age on long white matter tracts using diffusion tensor tractography.. Neuroimage, 46(2), 530-541. [19385018]  [abs]
  3. R Cabeza, E Ciaramelli, IR Olson and M Moscovitch (2008). The parietal cortex and episodic memory: an attentional account.. Nat Rev Neurosci, 9(8), 613-625. [18641668], [doi]  [abs]
  4. NA Dennis, SM Hayes, SE Prince, DJ Madden, SA Huettel and R Cabeza (2008). Effects of aging on the neural correlates of successful item and source memory encoding.. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn, 34(4), 791-808. [18605869], [doi]  [abs]
  5. NA Dennis, H Kim and R Cabeza (2008). Age-related differences in brain activity during true and false memory retrieval.. J Cogn Neurosci, 20(8), 1390-1402. [18303982], [doi]  [abs]
  6. P St Jacques, DC Rubin, KS LaBar and R Cabeza (2008). The short and long of it: neural correlates of temporal-order memory for autobiographical events.. J Cogn Neurosci, 20(7), 1327-1341. [18284345], [doi]  [abs]
  7. SW Davis, NA Dennis, SM Daselaar, MS Fleck and R Cabeza (2008). Que PASA? The posterior-anterior shift in aging.. Cereb Cortex, 18(5), 1201-1209. [17925295], [doi]  [abs]
  8. SM Daselaar, HJ Rice, DL Greenberg, R Cabeza, KS LaBar and DC Rubin (2008). The spatiotemporal dynamics of autobiographical memory: neural correlates of recall, emotional intensity, and reliving.. Cereb Cortex, 18(1), 217-229. [17548799], [doi]  [abs]
  9. M Ritchey, F Dolcos and R Cabeza (2008). Role of amygdala connectivity in the persistence of emotional memories over time: an event-related FMRI investigation.. Cereb Cortex, 18(11), 2494-2504. [18375529], [doi]  [abs]
  10. H Kim and R Cabeza (2007). Trusting our memories: dissociating the neural correlates of confidence in veridical versus illusory memories.. J Neurosci, 27(45), 12190-12197. [17989285], [doi]  [abs]
  11. H Kim and R Cabeza (2007). Differential contributions of prefrontal, medial temporal, and sensory-perceptual regions to true and false memory formation.. Cereb Cortex, 17(9), 2143-2150. [17110592], [doi]  [abs]
  12. SE Prince, T Tsukiura and R Cabeza (2007). Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval.. Psychol Sci, 18(2), 144-151. [17425535], [doi]  [abs]
  13. NA Dennis, S Daselaar and R Cabeza (2007). Effects of aging on transient and sustained successful memory encoding activity.. Neurobiol Aging, 28(11), 1749-1758. [16919850], [doi]  [abs]
  14. R Cabeza and P St Jacques (2007). Functional neuroimaging of autobiographical memory.. Trends Cogn Sci, 11(5), 219-227. [17382578], [doi]  [abs]
Postdocs Mentored

  • Wei-chun Wang (2013 - present)  
  • Simon Davis (2013 - present)  
  • Nichole Lighthall (August 2012 - present)  
  • Ilana Dew (2010 - 2013)  
  • Alexandra Atkins (2009 - 2012)  
  • Brandy Bessette-Symons (2008 - 2009)  
  • Norbou Buchler (2007 - 2009)  
  • Anne Botzung (2006 - 2012)  
  • Scott Hayes (2006 - 2009)  
  • Florin Dolcos (2006-2007)  
  • Nancy Dennis (2004 - 2008)  
  • Sander Daselaar (2002-2005)  

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