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Daniel O. Schmitt, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and Associate of the Duke Initiative for Science & Society

Daniel O. Schmitt

My primary interest is in the evolution of primate locomotion. I am studying the mechanics of movement in primates and other vertebrates in the laboratory to understand the relationship between movement and postcranial morphology, and the unique nature of primates among mammals. Current projects include the origins of primate locomotion and the evolution of vertebrate bipedalism.

Contact Info:
Office Location:  203 Biological Sciences Buildi, 130 Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
Email Address: send me a message
Web Pages:  http://evolutionaryanthropology.duke.edu/people?Gurl=%2Faas%2FBAA&Uil=daniel.schmitt&subpage=profile
http://evolutionaryanthropology.duke.edu/research/animal-locomotion-lab

Teaching (Spring 2018):

  • EVANTH 538S.01, PRIMATE BIOMECHANICS Synopsis
    Bio Sci 130, TuTh 01:25 PM-02:40 PM
Education:

MSState University of New York at Stony Brook1995
Ph.D.State University of New York at Stony Brook1995
BSYale University1987
Specialties:

Functional Anatomy
Primate Paleontology & Morphology
Research Interests:

Current projects: Primate locomotor mechanics, Evolution of primate locomotion, Rodent and humn models of bone and joint disease

My primary interest is in the evolution of primate locomotion. I am interested in understanding the selective factors that govern limb design, gait choice, and locomotor mechanics. I am studying the mechanics of movement in primates and other vertebrates in the laboratory to understand the relationship between movement and postcranial morphology, and the unique nature of primates among other mammals. Current projects include the origins of locomotion and the evolution of vertebrate bipedalism. My other interests are in human musculosketal health and injury. I study rodent and human models of bone and joint disease. Click here to enter the Animal Locomotion Laboratory web site to learn more.

Areas of Interest:

Functional Anatomy
Biomechanics
Orthopedics

Keywords:

Activities of Daily Living • Adaptation, Physiological • Adaptation, Psychological • Adult • African Continental Ancestry Group • Age Factors • Aged • Aged, 80 and over • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor • Animals • Animals, Newborn • Anthropology, Physical • Anthropometry • Anxiety • Arthralgia • Behavior • Behavior, Animal • Biological Evolution • Biomechanics • Bone Density • Comorbidity • Disability Evaluation • Disabled Persons • Disease Models, Animal • Educational Status • Electromyography • Electrophysiology • Employment • Energy Metabolism • European Continental Ancestry Group • Evolution • Fear • Feeding Behavior • Female • Forearm • Fossils • Gait • Gait Disorders, Neurologic • Harmaline • Hominidae • Humans • Hyperalgesia • Imaging, Three-Dimensional • Joint Instability • Knee Joint • Life Style • Locomotion • Lumbosacral Region • Male • Mice • Mice, Inbred C57BL • Mice, Transgenic • Middle Aged • Mobility Limitation • Models, Biological • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors • Motor Activity • Muscle, Skeletal • Mutation • Neurodegenerative Diseases • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II • North Carolina • Obesity • Orbit • Orthopedics • Osteoarthritis • Osteoarthritis, Knee • Overweight • Pain • Pain Measurement • Postural Balance • Posture • Prevalence • Primates • Prognosis • Radiculopathy • Range of Motion, Articular • Rats • Rats, Inbred Lew • Rats, Sprague-Dawley • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II • Reference Values • Regression Analysis • Risk Assessment • Risk Factors • Self Concept • Self Disclosure • Self Efficacy • Severity of Illness Index • Sex Distribution • Skull • Species Specificity • Time Factors • Tooth • Tremor • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha • Walking • Weight Reduction Programs • Weight-Bearing • Young Adult

Curriculum Vitae  Bio
Current Ph.D. Students   (Former Students)

  • Michael Granatosky  
Postdocs Mentored

  • Roxanne Larsen (2012/01-present)  
  • Angel Zeininger (2012/01-present)  
  • Karyne Rabey (2012/01-present)  
  • Jennifer Hotzman (2011 - 2012)  
  • Charlottte Miller (2010 - present)  
  • Siobhan Cooke (2010 - 2012)  
  • Griffin Nicole (2009 - 2011)  
  • Sara Doyle (2009 - present)  
  • Carrie Carreno (2009 - 2012)  
  • Tracy Kivell (2007 - 2009)  
  • Kristin Bishop (2006 - 2006)  
  • Ann Zumwalt (2005 - 2007)  
  • Ershela Sims (2004 - 2010)  
  • Tim Griffin (2001 - 2005)  
Recent Publications   (More Publications)   (search)

  1. Zeininger, A; Schmitt, D; Jensen, JL; Shapiro, LJ, Ontogenetic changes in foot strike pattern and calcaneal loading during walking in young children., Gait & Posture, vol. 59 (January, 2018), pp. 18-22 [doi]  [abs]
  2. Queen, RM; Franck, CT; Schmitt, D; Adams, SB, Are There Differences in Gait Mechanics in Patients With A Fixed Versus Mobile Bearing Total Ankle Arthroplasty? A Randomized Trial., Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®, vol. 475 no. 10 (October, 2017), pp. 2599-2606 [doi]  [abs]
  3. Hanna, JB; Granatosky, MC; Rana, P; Schmitt, D, The evolution of vertical climbing in primates: evidence from reaction forces, The Journal of experimental biology, vol. 220 no. 17 (September, 2017), pp. 3039-3052 [doi]
  4. Granatosky, MC; Schmitt, D, Forelimb and hind limb loading patterns during below branch quadrupedal locomotion in the two-toed sloth, Journal of Zoology, vol. 302 no. 4 (August, 2017), pp. 271-278 [doi]
  5. Fabre, A-C; Marigó, J; Granatosky, MC; Schmitt, D, Functional associations between support use and forelimb shape in strepsirrhines and their relevance to inferring locomotor behavior in early primates, Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 108 (July, 2017), pp. 11-30 [doi]
Selected Grant Support

  • “Gait Mechanics in primate and Nonprimate quadrupeds”, NSF.      
  • “Effects of Myostatin Deficiency on Bone Strength”, NIH.      


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