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Publications [#241097] of Daniel O. Schmitt

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Papers Published

  1. Pells, JJ; Shelby, RA; Keefe, FJ; Dixon, KE; Blumenthal, JA; Lacaille, L; Tucker, JM; Schmitt, D; Caldwell, DS; Kraus, VB, Arthritis self-efficacy and self-efficacy for resisting eating: relationships to pain, disability, and eating behavior in overweight and obese individuals with osteoarthritic knee pain., Pain, vol. 136 no. 3 (June, 2008), pp. 340-347, ISSN 1872-6623 [17764844], [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/05/20)

    Abstract:
    This study examined arthritis self-efficacy and self-efficacy for resisting eating as predictors of pain, disability, and eating behaviors in overweight or obese patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Patients (N=174) with a body mass index between 25 and 42 completed measures of arthritis-related self-efficacy, weight-related self-efficacy, pain, physical disability, psychological disability, overeating, and demographic and medical information. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted to examine whether arthritis self-efficacy (efficacy for pain control, physical function, and other symptoms) and self-efficacy for resisting eating accounted for significant variance in pain, disability, and eating behaviors after controlling for demographic and medical characteristics. Analyses also tested whether the contributions of self-efficacy were domain specific. Results showed that self-efficacy for pain accounted for 14% (p=.01) of the variance in pain, compared to only 3% accounted for by self-efficacy for physical function and other symptoms. Self-efficacy for physical function accounted for 10% (p=.001) of the variance in physical disability, while self-efficacy for pain and other symptoms accounted for 3%. Self-efficacy for other (emotional) symptoms and resisting eating accounted for 21% (p<.05) of the variance in psychological disability, while self-efficacy for pain control and physical function were not significant predictors. Self-efficacy for resisting eating accounted for 28% (p=.001) of the variance in eating behaviors. Findings indicate that self-efficacy is important in understanding pain and behavioral adjustment in overweight or obese OA patients. Moreover, the contributions of self-efficacy were domain specific. Interventions targeting both arthritis self-efficacy and self-efficacy for resisting eating may be helpful in this population.

    Keywords:
    Arthralgia • Comorbidity • Disability Evaluation • Employment • Feeding Behavior* • Female • Humans • Male • Middle Aged • North Carolina • Obesity • Osteoarthritis, Knee • Overweight • Prevalence • Prognosis • Risk Assessment • Self Efficacy* • epidemiology • epidemiology* • methods* • prevention & control • statistics & numerical data


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