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- Foucault, M; Hardt, M; Negri, A. "The Disciplinary Empire and the Resisting Multitude." Capitalism and Its Uncertain Future. January, 2021, 217-225. [doi]
Michel Foucault was born in Poitiers and studied at the Ecole Normale Superieure, where Louis Althusser was one of his teachers. Foucault’s joined binary concept would seem to remind of Marx’s post-Hegelian theory of the cultural superstructure determined by the interests of the material infrastructure. In a sense, all of Foucault’s books deal with what he came to call the carceral archipelago, by which expression he put a poetic touch on the harsh states of exception political biopower imposes on those over whom the State exercises dominion. The key word that ties Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri back to Foucault by way of Deleuze and Guattari is “vital,” which is to say that here, life itself is released from the strict disciplining of biopower to join an almost happy family of commingled spheres moving in every which direction toward and away, up and down, in and out in respect to each other.