Psychology and Neuroscience Faculty Database
Psychology and Neuroscience
Arts & Sciences
Duke University

 HOME > Arts & Sciences > pn > Faculty    Search Help Login pdf version printable version 

Publications [#291334] of Blair H. Sheppard

search PubMed.

Journal Articles

  1. Sorrentino, RM; Sheppard, BH (1978). Effects of affiliation-related motives on swimmers in individual versus group competition: A field experiment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(7), 704-714. [doi]
    (last updated on 2022/10/07)

    76 intercollegiate swimmers from 3 universities participated in both an individual and group competition 200-yd freestyle swim. Hypotheses were based on an expectancy-value approach, which emphasizes the negative as well as positive consequences of undertaking an activity. Achievement and affiliation motives were assessed by J. W. Atkinson's projective measures; Ss also completed the Test Anxiety Scale and the Interpersonal Opinion Questionnaire, a fear-of-social-rejection measure. It was found, as predicted, that while approval-oriented swimmers had faster swimming speeds in group than in individual competition, rejection-threatened swimmers actually had slower swimming speeds in group than in individual competition. This significant Affiliation-Related Motives by Experimental Conditions interaction was also greater for success-oriented than failure-threatened swimmers and for males than females. These latter differences and the advantages of the field-experimental situation are discussed in light of current findings in the motivation area. (38 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1978 American Psychological Association.

Duke University * Arts & Sciences * Faculty * Staff * Grad * Postdocs * Reload * Login