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Publications [#251606] of Philip R. Costanzo

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Journal Articles

  1. Wortman, CB; Costanzo, PR; Witt, TR (1973). Effect of anticipated performance on the attributions of causality to self and others.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27(3), 372-381. [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/07/21)

    Required 40 senior high school boys to take a test of social perceptiveness containing 5 sample and 10 official questions. Half of the Ss were led to do well on the sample questions, while half were led to do poorly. Half of the Ss anticipated continuing with the official questions, while half did not. In addition, all Ss were faced with a successful other. Ss were asked to make causal attributions to both themselves and to the other. Consistent with previous research, Ss who failed assigned causality for their performance to external factors. They also viewed themselves as less motivated and the task as less important than successful Ss. As predicted, Ss who anticipated future performance attributed significantly less ability to themselves than Ss who did not. In addition, they viewed the task as more difficult and their resources as less adequate than Ss in the nonanticipation condition. While success-failure and anticipation-nonanticipation produced strong effects on self-attribution, they had relatively little impact on the Ss' attributions about a successful other. (19 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1973 American Psychological Association.

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