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Publications [#251647] of Philip R. Costanzo

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Journal Articles

  1. Dunsmore, JC; Bradburn, IS; Costanzo, PR; Fredrickson, BL (2009). Mothers' expressive style and emotional responses to children's behavior predict children's prosocial and achievement-related self-ratings. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33(3), 253-264. [doi]
    (last updated on 2019/06/24)

    Abstract:
    In this study we investigated whether mothers' typical expressive style and specific emotional responses to children's behaviors are linked to children's prosocial and competence self-ratings. Eight-to 12-year-old children and their mothers rated how mothers had felt when children behaved pro-socially and antisocially, achieved and failed to achieve. Children rated self-descriptiveness of prosocial and achievement-related traits. Mothers' positive expressiveness was associated with children's higher achievement-related self-ratings. Mothers' positive- and negative-dominant expressiveness was associated with children's lower prosocial self-ratings. Mothers' happiness about both children's prosocial and achievement-related behavior was associated with children's higher self-ratings for both domains. Mothers' anger about children's antisocial behavior was related to children's lower self-ratings for both domains. When mothers were higher in negative-submissive expressiveness, and responded with more sadness to children's failure to achieve, children reported lower achievement self-ratings. Results support the importance of multidimensional assessment of self-concept and suggest that parents' typical expressive style moderates the influence of parents' specific emotional responses on children's self-ratings. © 2009 The International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development.


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