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Fuqua School of Business
Duke University

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Publications [#277642] of Jonathon Cummings

Papers Published

  1. Haas, MR; Cummings, JN, Barriers to knowledge seeking within MNC teams: Which differences matter most, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 46 no. 1 (January, 2015), pp. 36-62, Springer Nature, ISSN 0047-2506 [doi]
    (last updated on 2023/03/25)

    Do international or non-international differences between members matter most for multinational corporation (MNC) teams? We consider two types of international differences, arising from geographic locations and national origins, and two types of non-international differences, arising from structural affiliations and demographic attributes. Examining the barriers to knowledge seeking between MNC team members, we argue that whether international or non-international differences create greater barriers depends on whether they are position-based or person-based. Using the Social Relations Model to analyze 13,616 dyadic interactions among 2090 members of 289 teams in a large MNC, we find that, for both international and non-international differences, those that are position-based (i.e., geographic and structural differences) created greater barriers than those that are person-based (i.e., nationality and demographic differences). In addition, familiarity from a prior team reduced the barriers created by international and non-international differences that are position-based more than those that are person-based. We discuss the implications of our study for understanding the micro-foundations of knowledge flows in MNCs.

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