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Publications [#366250] of Pietro F. Peretto

Journal Articles

  1. Peretto, PF, Through scarcity to prosperity: Toward a theory of sustainable growth, Journal of Monetary Economics, vol. 117 (January, 2021), pp. 243-257 [doi]
    (last updated on 2023/12/09)

    To make progress toward a comprehensive theory of sustainable growth, this paper integrates fertility choice and exhaustible resource dynamics in a tractable model of endogenous technological change. The model identifies conditions under which the interdependence of population, resources and technology produces a transition that consists of three phases: (1) an initial phase where agents exploit exhaustible natural resources to support population growth; (2) an intermediate phase where agents turn on the Schumpeterian engine of endogenous innovation in response to population-led market expansion; (3) a terminal phase where knowledge accumulation becomes the sole engine of growth. The last phase is crucial: not only economic growth no longer requires growth of physical inputs, but technological change also compensates for the exhaustion of the natural resource.

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