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Publications of Gregory R. Lockhead    :chronological  alphabetical  combined  bibtex listing:

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Journal Articles

  1. Needham, A, Dueker, G, & Lockhead, G., (2005). Infants’ formation and use of categories to segregate objects. Cognition, 94, 215-240...
  2. Lockhead, GR (2004). Absolute judgments are relative: A reinterpretation of some psychophysical ideas. Review of General Psychology, 8(4), 265-272. [doi]  [abs]
  3. Huettel, SA; Lockhead, G (2001). Variability is not uniformily bad: The practices of psychologists generate research questions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(3), 418-419. [doi]  [abs]
  4. Huettel, SA; Lockhead, G (2000). Psychologically rational choice: Selection between alternatives in a multiple-equilibrium game. Cognitive Systems Research, 1(3), 143-160. [doi]  [abs]
  5. Huettel, SA; Lockhead, GR (1999). Range effects of an irrelevant dimension on classification.. Perception & Psychophysics, 61(8), 1624-1645. [10598475], [doi]  [abs]
  6. Lockhead, GR; Huettel, SA (1999). Isomorphisms and subjective colors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22(6), 959-960. [doi]  [abs]
  7. Dragoi, V; Lockhead, GR (1999). Context-Dependent Changes in Visual Sensitivity Induced by Muller-Lyer Stimuli. Vision Research, 39, 1657-1670.
  8. Huettel, SA; Lockhead, GR (1998). A framework for structural constraints on feature creation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21(1), 29-29. [doi]  [abs]
  9. Lockhead, G (1998). The bases for simple judgments are complex: Review of Sensation and Judgment by J.C. Baird. American Journal of Psychology, 111(2), 296-303.
  10. Lockhead, G; Dragoi, V; Wolbarsht, ML (1997). The micfogenesis of geometrical illusions: contextdependent changes in visiual sensitivity and the muller-lyer effect. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 38(4), S643.  [abs]
  11. Lockhead, GR; Dragoi, V; Wolbarsht, M (1997). The Microgenesis of Geometrical Illusions: Context-Dependent Changes in Visual Sensitivity and the Muller-Lyer Effect. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 38(S643).
  12. Lockhead, G.R., Dragoi, V. & Huettel, S. (1996). Context and Judgment. Fechner Day 96, Padua, Italy, 149-154.
  13. Lockhead, G (1995). Psycholphysical scaling methods reveal and measure context effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 18, 601-612.
  14. Lockhead, G (1994). Psychological measures of objects and their features: It is time for a change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17(4), 757-772.
  15. LOCKHEAD, GR (1994). IT IS TIME FOR A CHANGE - AUTHORS RESPONSE. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17(4), 766-771. [doi]
  16. Lockhead, GR (1993). A parallel view of the history of psychophysics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16(1), 154-155. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  17. Lockhead, GR (1992). Psychophysical scaling: Judgments of attributes or objects?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15(3), 543-558. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  18. Lockhead, G (1992). Constancy in a changing world. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 15(3), 587-601. [doi]
  19. Lockhead, GR; Wolbarsht, ML (1991). Toying with the moon illusion.. Applied Optics, 30(24), 3504-3507. [20706418], [doi]  [abs]
  20. Allan, LG; Siegel, S; Toppan, P; Lockhead, GR (1991). Assessment of the McCollough effect by a shift in psychometric function. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 29(1), 21-24. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  21. (1991). Fechner Day '91. International Society for Psychophysics, Cassis, France, 237.
  22. (1991). The Perception of Structure. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 338.
  23. Seaber, J; Lockhead, GR (1989). McCullough aftereffects in strabismus and amblyopia. Vision Research, 29, 609-617.
  24. G. Lockhead (1988). An alternative to the neural attention hypothesis for auditory psychophysics. Fechner Day '88, Stirling, Scotland: International Society for Psychophysics, 101-102.
  25. Lockhead, G (1988). Modeling temporal and spatial differences. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11(2), 302-303. [doi]
  26. Lockhead, GR; King, M (1988). Assimilation and contrast: Two processes or one?. New Ideas in Psychology, 6, 293-299.
  27. Seaber, JH; Fisher, B; Lockhead, GR; Wolbarsht, ML (1987). Incidence and characteristics of McCollough aftereffects following video display terminal use.. Journal of Occupational Medicine. : Official Publication of the Industrial Medical Association, 29(9), 727-729. (Also see: Yearbook of Ophthalmology (1988), Mirror Books; Key Ophthalmology (March 1988), 43-44, Times Mirror Books). [3681504]  [abs]
  28. Hinson, JM; Lockhead, GR (1987). Momentary and global maximizing.. Behavioural Processes, 14(1), 21-34. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  29. Wallace, WT; Lockhead, GR (1987). Brightness of luminance distributions with gradual changes.. Vision Research, 27(9), 1589-1601. [3445491], [doi]  [abs]
  30. Lockhead, G (1987). Category thresholds. Fechner Day, Northampton, Ma: International Society for Psychophysics, 23-28.
  31. Lockhead, GR; Hinson, J (1986). Range and sequence effects in judgment.. Perception & Psychophysics, 40(1), 53-61. [3748766], [doi]
  32. Hinson, J; Lockhead, GR (1986). Range effects in successive discrimination procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 12, 270-276.
  33. Wolbarsht, ML; Lockhead, GR (1985). Moon illusion: a new perspective.. Applied Optics, 24(12), 1844. [18223803], [doi]
  34. Bradow, F; Lockhead, GR; Bradow, R (1985). Implications of perception thresholds for soiling. Proceedings of the Air Pollution Control Association, 8.5, 1-20.
  35. Lockhead, GR; King, MC (1983). A memory model of sequential effects in scaling tasks.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 9(3), 461-473. [6223983], [doi]  [abs]
  36. Reed, SK; Hock, HS; Lockhead, GR (1983). Tacit knowledge and the effect of pattern configuration on mental scanning.. Memory & Cognition, 11(2), 137-143. [6865747], [doi]
  37. Lockhead, G (1983). Biologic Analogues of Image Inhancement and the Dynamics of the Visual System. Technical Report to the Southeastern Center for Electrical Engineering Education, 138.
  38. Lockhead, G (1983). A word processor induced visual aftereffect. Human Factors Society Bulletin, 26, 2-7.
  39. Lockhead, GR (1982). Practically perfect performance.. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 71(3), 755-756. [7085976], [doi]
  40. King, MC; Lockhead, GR (1981). Response scales and sequential effects in judgment.. Perception & Psychophysics, 30(6), 599-603. [7335458], [doi]
  41. Lockhead, GR (1981). Context affects measures of sensory intensity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4(2), 196-197. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  42. Lockhead, GR; Byrd, R (1981). Practically perfect pitch. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 70(2), 387-389. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  43. Lockhead, GR; Crist, WB (1980). Making letters distinctive. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72(4), 483-493. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  44. Lockhead, GR; Johnson, RC; Gold, FM (1980). Saltation through the blind spot.. Perception & Psychophysics, 27(6), 545-549. [7393702], [doi]
  45. Gruenewald, PJ; Lockhead, GR (1980). The free recall of category examples. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 6(3), 225-240. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  46. Staddon, JER; King, M; Lockhead, GR (1980). On sequential effects in absolute judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 6, 290-301.
  47. Lockhead, GR (1979). Holistic versus analytic process models: a reply.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 5(4), 746-755. [528971], [doi]  [abs]
  48. King, MC; Crist, WB; Lockhead, GR (1979). Context and goodness in a focusing task. Perception & Psychophysics, 26(4), 305-311. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  49. Lockhead, GR; Evans, NJ (1979). Emmert’s imaginal law. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 13(2), 114-116. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  50. King, MC; Gruenewald, P; Lockhead, GR (1978). Classifying related stimuli.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 4(5), 417-427. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  51. Lockhead, GR; Gruenewald, P; King, M (1978). Holistic vs. attribute repetition effects in classifying stimuli.. Memory & Cognition, 6(4), 438-445. [692368], [doi]
  52. White, CW; Lockhead, GR; Evans, NJ (1977). Multidimensional scaling of subjective colors by color-blind observers. Perception & Psychophysics, 21(6), 522-526. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  53. Hutchinson, JW; Lockhead, GR (1977). Similarity as distance: A structural principle for semantic memory.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 3(6), 660-678. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]
  54. Walker, CF; Lockhead, GR; Markle, DR; McElhaney, JH (1977). Parameters of stimulation and perception in an artificial sensory feedback system.. Journal of Bioengineering, 1(3), 251-256. [615883]  [abs]
  55. Lockhead, GR; King, MC (1977). Classifying intergral stimuli.. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 3(3), 436-443. [886277], [doi]  [abs]
  56. Monahan, JS; Lockhead, GR (1977). Identification of integral stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 106(1), 94-110. [Gateway.cgi], [doi]  [abs]
  57. Markle, D., Walker, C., McElhaney, J. & Lockhead, G.R. (1977). Discriminability of stimulation frequency in an artificial senory feedback system. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology.
  58. Monahan, J; Lockhead, GR (1974). Concerning processes involved in judging redundant two-dimensional stimuli. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association.
  59. Gravetter, F; Lockhead, GR (1973). Criterial range as a frame of reference for stimulus judgment.. Psychological Review, 80(3), 203-216. [4714675], [doi]
  60. Lockhead, GR (1972). Processing dimensional stimuli: a note.. Psychological Review, 79(5), 410-419. [5076869], [doi]
  61. Gravetter, FJ; Lockhead, GR (1972). Critical response as a frame of a reference for judgment. Program of the Psychonomic Society, 26.
  62. G. Lockhead (August, 1971). Choosing a Response. International Congress on Memory and Attention. (Boulder, Colorado, (Acta Psychologica, 1971)).
  63. Arend, LE; Buehler, JN; Lockhead, GR (1971). Difference information and brightness perception. Perception & Psychophysics, 9(3), 367-370. [doi]  [abs]
  64. Ward, LM; Lockhead, GR (1971). Response system processes in absolute judgment. Perception & Psychophysics, 9(1), 73-78. [doi]  [abs]
  65. Lockhead, GR (1970). Identification and the form of multidimensional discrimination space.. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 85(1), 1-10. [5458322], [doi]
  66. Ward, LM; Lockhead, GR (1970). Sequential effects and memory in category judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 84(1), 27-34. [doi]  [abs]
  67. Gravetter, FJ; Lockhead, GR (1969). Criterial dispersion's and the stimulus range. Proceedings 78th Annual Apa Convention, 41-42.
  68. Lockhead, GR; Ward, LM (1969). Memorial processes and category judgments. Psychonomic Bulletin, 15.
  69. Lockhead, GR; Khokhlov, N (1968). Multidimensional discriminability and salience of attributes. Proceedings of the Eastern Psychological Association, 132.
  70. Holland, MK; Lockhead, GR (1968). Sequential effects in absolute judgments of loudness. Perception & Psychophysics, 3(6), 409-414. [doi]  [abs]
  71. Lockhead, G (1967). Form of redundancy and identification of three-dimensional stimuli. Psychonomic Bulletin, 1, 2.
  72. Crovitz, HF; Lockhead, GR (1967). Possible monocular predictors of binocular rivalry of contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 2(2), 83-85. [doi]  [abs]
  73. Lockhead, GR (1966). Effects of dimensional redundancy on visual discrimination.. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72(1), 95-104. [5967738], [doi]
  74. Lockhead, G (1966). Visual discrimination and methods of presenting redundant stimuli. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, 67-68.
  75. Chapanis, A; Lockhead, GR (1965). A test of the effectiveness of sensor lines showing linkages between displays and controls.. Human Factors, 7(3), 219-229. [5867017], [doi]
  76. Lockhead, G (1965). Repetition redundancy and visual form discrimination. Psychonomic Science, 3, 319-320.
  77. G. Lockhead & E.T. Klemmer (1962). Further Data on card punch operator performance. IBM Research Note, NC-39.
  78. Lockhead, G; Klemmer, ET (1962). Productivity and errors in two keying tasks: A field study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 46(6), 401-408. [doi]  [abs]
  79. Lockhead, G (1962). Methods of presenting paired associates. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1(1), 62-65. (See also, Order of presentation in paired associate learning. IBM Research Paper, RC- 513). [doi]  [abs]
  80. LOCKHEAD, GR (1961). A re-evaluation of evidence of one-trial associative learning.. The American Journal of Psychology, 74, 590-595. [14466145], [doi]
  81. Klemmer, E.T. & Lockhead, G.R. (1960). An analysis of productivity and errors on keypunches and bank proof machines. IBM Research Report, RC-354.
  82. Lockhead, G. & Klemmer, E.T. (1959). An evaluation of an 8-key word-writing typewriter. IBM Research Report, RC-180.


  1. G. Lockhead On the Bases for Human Judgment.

Chapters in Books

  1. Lockhead, G.R. & Wolbarsht, M. "The moon illusion and other toys." The Moon Illusion. Ed. M. Hershenson Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 2004: 259-266.
  2. G. Lockhead "Context and Judgment." Fechner Day 2001. Pabst Science Publishers, Leipzig, Germany, 2001: 186-192.
  3. Huettel, S. & Lockhead, G. "A Framework for Feature Creation. Commentary on: The Development of Features in Object Concepts." Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Ed. Schyns, P.G., Goldstone, R.L., & Thibaut, J. 2000
  4. Lockhead, GR "Psychophysical scaling methods reveal and measure context effects."  January, 1995: 607-612. [doi]  [abs]
  5. G. Lockhead "Context Determines Perception." Psychology, Science, and Human Affairs: Essays in Honor of William Bevan. Ed. F. Kessel Westview Press, NY, 1995: 125-137.
  6. G. Lockhead "Commentary on S.C. Masin, Some Philosophical Observations on Perceptual Science." Foundations of Perceptual Theory. Ed. C.S. Masin North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1993: 67-73.
  7. G. Lockhead "Commentary on Perceptual Similarity and Conceptual Structure." Percepts, concepts, and Categories: the Representation and Processing of Information: Advances in Psychololgy. Ed. B. Burns North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1992: 273-274.
  8. G. Lockhead "On Identifying Things: A case for context." Representation and Processing of Information: Advances in Psychology. Ed. B. Burns North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1992: 109-143.
  9. Lisanby, S.H. & Lockhead, G.R. "Subjective Randomness, Aesthetics, and Structure." The Perception of Structure. Ed. G. Lockhead & J. Pomerantz American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 1991: 97-114.
  10. Pomerantz, J.R. & Lockhead, G.R. "Perception of Structure: An overview." The Perception of Structure. Ed. G. Lockhead & J. Pomerantz American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., 1991: 1-20.
  11. G. Lockhead "Category bounds and stimulus variability." Object Structure and Process. Ed. B. Shepp and S. Ballesteros Norwood, NJ: Erlbaum, 1989: 267-296.
  12. G. Lockhead "Limites de las categorias y variabilidad del estimulo." Percepcion del Objeto: Estructura y Procesos. Ed. J.L.F. Trespalacios, B. Shepp, S. Ballesteros 1988: 553-596.
  13. Lockhead, G.R. & King, M. "Identification functtions and response variability." Fechner Day '86. Ed. B. Berglund, U. Berglund & R. Teghtsoonian Stockholm: International Society for Psychophysics, 1986: 59-64.
  14. G. Lockhead "Sequential predictors of choice." Preparatory States and Processes. Ed. S. Kornblum and J. Requin Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1984: 27-48.
  15. Schiffman, S & Lockhead, G.R. "Individual Differences Scaling of Taste and Smell." Food Research and Data Analysis. Barking Essex, England: Applied Science Publishers Ltd., 1983: 271-303.
  16. G. Lockhead "Know, then decide." Cognitive Processes in Choice and Decision Behavior, Chapter 8. Ed. T.N. Wallsten New York: Academic Press, 1980
  17. G. Lockhead "Choosing a response." Attention and Performance IV. Ed. S. Kornblum New York: Academic Press, 1973: 289-301.

Commentaries/Book Reviews

  1. (1995). [Cognitive Approaches to Human Perception]. American Scientist, 83, 379-380.
  2. G. Lockhead (1975). [Sensation and measurement by Moskowitz, Scharf, and Stevens, Ed.]Papers in Honor of S.S. Stevens, 189.

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